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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Idea, Form, Reality – The Implications Of Natural Ventilation Strategies On Public Buildings In Temperate Maritime Climates, Michael P.G. Haslam May 2019

Idea, Form, Reality – The Implications Of Natural Ventilation Strategies On Public Buildings In Temperate Maritime Climates, Michael P.G. Haslam

Masters

Natural ventilation is one of the prime form givers in environmentally responsive architecture – in its detail and its architecturally charged form of stacks and voids. It facilitates our understanding of a response to natural systems – not just in how it responds visually to warm and cool air but also in the adaptive approach to thermal comfort. The purpose of this research is to investigate the impacts and implications of natural ventilation strategies for different typologies of public and commercial buildings. This is with the aim of attempting to define a vocabulary of ventilation techniques and details that are suited to ...


A Comparative Life Cycle Assessment For Utilising Laminated Veneer Bamboo As A Primary Structural Material In High-Rise Residential Buildings, Philip Kavanagh Jan 2016

A Comparative Life Cycle Assessment For Utilising Laminated Veneer Bamboo As A Primary Structural Material In High-Rise Residential Buildings, Philip Kavanagh

Masters

In a time when construction is ranked as one of the world’s least sustainable industries consuming about half of the world’s non-renewable resources (Hinson, 2012), it is important to develop and advance the methods and means by which we select and use building materials and how we design, engineer and construct our architecture. This research aimed to evaluate a method for utilising laminated veneer bamboo (LVB) as a primary structural material in high-rise residential buildings and evaluate the environmental potential of LVB through a comparative life cycle analysis (LCA). The process of life cycle analysis was completed through ...


A Life Cycle Cost Analysis Of An Irish Dwelling Retrofitted To Passive House Standard: Can Passive House Become A Cost-Optimal Low-Energy Retrofit Standard?, Daniel Coyle Jan 2015

A Life Cycle Cost Analysis Of An Irish Dwelling Retrofitted To Passive House Standard: Can Passive House Become A Cost-Optimal Low-Energy Retrofit Standard?, Daniel Coyle

Masters

The Passive House standard represents perhaps the current 'state-of-the-art' in low-energy building design, often hailed by its advocates as a cost-optimal standard to be applied to both new and existing dwellings in order to achieve Ireland’s energy and CO2 reduction targets. However, meeting the rigorous standards of Passive House in existing buildings is demanding and generally requires significantly higher initial capital investments. This research conducted an investment appraisal of the Passive House retrofit standard in order to determine if it could become a cost-optimal model for the deep-retrofit of Irish dwellings. The problem was investigated using energy analysis ...


Spatial Planning & Transport Engineering Using Children's Maps To Locate Areas Of Perceived Danger On Children's Routes To School, Frank Bondzio May 2014

Spatial Planning & Transport Engineering Using Children's Maps To Locate Areas Of Perceived Danger On Children's Routes To School, Frank Bondzio

Masters

Dublin faces many of the modern day transport problems associated with automobile transport. The bicycle is increasingly being viewed by Urban Planners as an interesting form of individual transportation which can form part of an integrated transportation solution to this problem. For cycling to be a sustainable mode of transport it must be all inclusive. However, there are some identifiable barriers which prevent certain groups in society from cycling. Barriers to children cycling are directly linked to safety concerns and strategies to encourage cycling to school in Ireland currently focus on promotion and cycle training with road safety engineering measures ...


Settlement Selection: A Critical Consideration For A New National Spatial Strategy Plan? Applying Population And Daytime Working Population Data To A Centrality Spreadsheet Model To Inform An Evidence Base For Gateway And Hub Selection, Brian Hughes Dec 2013

Settlement Selection: A Critical Consideration For A New National Spatial Strategy Plan? Applying Population And Daytime Working Population Data To A Centrality Spreadsheet Model To Inform An Evidence Base For Gateway And Hub Selection, Brian Hughes

Masters

Settlement Selection: A Critical Consideration for a New National Spatial Strategy Plan? This Dissertation examines both Central Statistics Office (CSO) published and unpublished demographic evidence from the 2011 and previous censuses, so as to evaluate the 2002 National Spatial Strategy’s (NSS) selection of Gateways and Hub settlements. On its own, population is an incomplete measure of size. However, when used with emerging employment data, a robust methodological time-dynamic centrality model may be constructed based on population and Daytime Working Population (DWP) behaviour and other related and relevant investigations. The Model compares unpublished 2002 data of the NSS Plan with ...


Perceptions And Experiences Of Diverse Architectural Technology Students Learning Through Formative Feedback & Formative Assessment: A Multiple-Case Study, Catherine Prunty Jan 2011

Perceptions And Experiences Of Diverse Architectural Technology Students Learning Through Formative Feedback & Formative Assessment: A Multiple-Case Study, Catherine Prunty

Masters

Technological leaps along with increased numbers and greater student diversity is altering the higher education teaching landscape constantly. The academic's workload is escalating all the time, arising from resource constraints in a time of economic stringency. This places even more pressure on dealing with assessment rather than on enhancing learning. Despite evidence that supports formative assessment as being vitally important to students' learning, it is not widely appreciated among lecturers in higher education. As a result, lecturers under pressure, understandably, will maintain existing assessment and teaching systems rather than attempt to apply new techniques. Immeasurable hours, days or even ...


Spatial Reconfigurations: Bodily Terrains And Their Suppression On The New York Waterfront: The Greenwich Village Piers 40-53 1936-1998, Mark Curley Sep 2009

Spatial Reconfigurations: Bodily Terrains And Their Suppression On The New York Waterfront: The Greenwich Village Piers 40-53 1936-1998, Mark Curley

Masters

There has been seismic change on the New York waterfront since World War II. The shipping industry of longshoremen on the rough docks, has given way to mothers with babies in a bucolic landscape. The former condition existed within Kristeva's theories of abjection (1982), and today we have a suppression of that abjection through the municipal authority of the Hudson River Park Act (1998). This control of space is integral to gentrification. The abject condition existed as a changing zone of spatial occupiers and colonies, who demarcated their territories as bodily terrains on the edge of the city. Due ...


The Use Of A Multi-Criteria Decision Model To Choose Between Different Structural Forms Within Modern Office Construction, Margaret Rogers Aug 2009

The Use Of A Multi-Criteria Decision Model To Choose Between Different Structural Forms Within Modern Office Construction, Margaret Rogers

Masters

In 1993 the Steel Construction Institute carried out an economic analysis (including frame and overall construction time) of a number of structural options, for what is regarded as atypical office building, in outer Manchester. The study was later updated in 2004 due to changes in cost and new forms of construction notably the ‘slimdeck’ system. In 1994 the Steel Construction Institute carried out a study with regard to initial embodied energy on
the same structural options considered in the 1993 publication.
This Project carries out a similar analysis of the 10 structural forms previously analysed by the Steel Construction Institute ...


Heritage Awareness In County Wicklow., Anne Dagg Jan 2008

Heritage Awareness In County Wicklow., Anne Dagg

Masters

This research project investigated the community’s current level of heritage awareness in County Wicklow. The study was initiated by Wicklow County Council and the Heritage Council in response to objective 1, action 1.2 of the County Wicklow heritage plan 2004-2008, which pointed to the need to undertake a study to determine public attitudes towards heritage and to gauge the current level of awareness about heritage in the county. The findings of this research are being used on an ongoing basis by the Wicklow County Council and the Wicklow Heritage Forum to inform the decision making process concerning the ...


Recording Of Historic Structures And Areas, Ronan Olwill Jan 2007

Recording Of Historic Structures And Areas, Ronan Olwill

Masters

No abstract provided.


The Extraction Of A Road Centre Line From Airborne Laser Scanning Data, Patrick Doyle Jan 2006

The Extraction Of A Road Centre Line From Airborne Laser Scanning Data, Patrick Doyle

Masters

Due to its speed and accuracy the Global Positioning System (GPS) is widely used as a data collection tool. Problems however can occur when this GPS data is used in conjunction with existing National Mapping Agencies (NMA) vector databases that are not of comparable accuracy. Shifts and misalignments of the datasets can occur. In talks with the Irish mapping agency, Ordnance Survey Ireland (OSi), prior to this project, it viewed with interest the possibility of using Airborne Laser Scanning (ALS) data as a general quality indicator of existing vector databases. The aim of this research was to extract the centre ...


Property Value Assessment And The Irish Eia Process, Siobhaun Cawley Aug 2003

Property Value Assessment And The Irish Eia Process, Siobhaun Cawley

Masters

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) provides for the assessment of the likely significant effects of a proposed development in the environment. Due to the ambiguous nature of the legislation on EIA, there are widely differing views as to whether the impact of a proposed development o surrounding property values should be considered as part of the EIA process. The primary objective of this thesis was to establish if property values should be considered within the Irish EIA process. In this regard, the most relevant provisions of the EC Directive 97/11/EC and the corresponding Irish legislation (Part X of the ...


Dublin City Foresight: A Scenario Approach, Sinead Branagh Jan 2003

Dublin City Foresight: A Scenario Approach, Sinead Branagh

Masters

As we begin a new Millennium, a subtle and positive shift is occurring in all segments of society: an increased emphasis on the future – what it might look like, what challenges and opportunities it might present, and in what ways we might be able to respond most positively. It is emerging at a time of national reflection for organisations and individuals alike – and perhaps none too soon as changes in our social fabric, resource base, business and political environments, and perhaps most importantly, the pace and extent of changes in science and technology, launch us into exciting but uncertain territory ...


The Development Of A Computer Program To Co-Ordinate Early Design Stage Information, Bernard Denver Dec 2001

The Development Of A Computer Program To Co-Ordinate Early Design Stage Information, Bernard Denver

Masters

local and global environment is becoming increasingly important. Several methods and procedures have been adopted to encourage designers and engineers to become more environmentally friendly and energy conscious. The advance of computer simulation and modelling of buildings has been successful in addressing potential problems in the design process while providing additional information otherwise not available to the design team. However, it is the purpose of this thesis to use this information and benefits of simulation and modelling at an earlier stage in the design. This thesis endeavours to investigate the requirements and benefits and integrated Early Design Stage program would ...


The Secondary Retail Market - A Viable Option?, Elaine Murphy Jan 1999

The Secondary Retail Market - A Viable Option?, Elaine Murphy

Masters

The secondary retail market in Dublin has dramatically altered over the last four years. Indeed, the entire retail market in Dublin and countryside has witnessed a substantial upsurge in activity over the last four years. On Grafton Street retail Zone A rents are breaking £2,153 per square metre (£200 per square foot) barrier and premiums are in the region of £300,000 -£400,000. There is currently a shortage of good retail investment opportunities on Grafton Street, which is leading investors to turn to Dublin’s other prime street, Henry Street. Over the last year Zone A rents on ...