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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

A Comparison Between Ultrasonic Guided Wave Leakage And Half-Cell Potential Methods In Detection Of Corrosion In Reinforced Concrete Structures, Ahmad Shoaib Amiri Aug 2020

A Comparison Between Ultrasonic Guided Wave Leakage And Half-Cell Potential Methods In Detection Of Corrosion In Reinforced Concrete Structures, Ahmad Shoaib Amiri

Architectural Engineering -- Dissertations and Student Research

Corrosion of reinforcing steel bars (rebar) in reinforced concrete decks can lead to serious structural issues in bridges. Ultrasonic Testing (UT) methods provide small wavelengths that can be used for early detection of several types of deterioration. The recently-developed Ultrasonic Guided Wave Leakage (UGWL) Method utilizes steel as the waveguide and measures the energy leaked into the surrounding concrete. Previous studies completed at University of Nebraska-Lincoln demonstrated that the measurements of the leaked energy using receivers from the concrete surface can successfully identify early stages of various flaws such as corrosion, delamination, and cracking. In this method, the longitudinal waves ...


His And Hers: Gender-Specific Design In Mid-Twentieth Century North America Through Film And Television, Morgan O'Shaughnessy Jul 2020

His And Hers: Gender-Specific Design In Mid-Twentieth Century North America Through Film And Television, Morgan O'Shaughnessy

Theses from the Architecture Program

The built environment exists as a variety of ‘spaces’ which are constructed by, and for, the people who occupy them. What is the relationship between social constructs of gender and our built environment in the 20th century? How does film and television representing the mid-20th century exemplify this relationship? The overall theme of this topic will include a positive relationship between social gender constructs and our built environment. Through the exploration of select film and television, this study attempts to answer the question of how gender-focused design reinforces traditional gender roles in North American society in mid-20th ...


Understanding The Impact Of Room Acoustic Conditions On The Kurtosis Levels Of Various Noise Signals, William Spallino Jul 2020

Understanding The Impact Of Room Acoustic Conditions On The Kurtosis Levels Of Various Noise Signals, William Spallino

Architectural Engineering -- Dissertations and Student Research

Impulsive noise can be common in certain occupational and recreational settings, such as manufacturing plants, construction sites, and firing ranges. While many regulations and guidelines for noise exposure exist, their mathematical basis is stronger for continuous noise, and concerns have been raised about the possibility that impulsive noise may be more harmful to people’s hearing than those metrics would let on. Much work has been done on establishing metrics that accurately assess the severity and hearing risk associated with impulsive noise, but the effects of room acoustic conditions on those metrics have been heretofore understudied.

This study calculated room ...


Using The Electromagnetic Induction Survey Method To Examine The Depth To Clay Soil Layer (Bt Horizon) In Playa Wetlands, Yuan Xue, Zhenghong Tang, Qiao Hu, Jeff Drahota Jul 2020

Using The Electromagnetic Induction Survey Method To Examine The Depth To Clay Soil Layer (Bt Horizon) In Playa Wetlands, Yuan Xue, Zhenghong Tang, Qiao Hu, Jeff Drahota

Community and Regional Planning Program: Faculty Scholarly and Creative Activity

Purpose Sediment accumulation has been and continues to be a significant threat to the integrity of the playa wetland ecosystem. The purpose of this study was to determine the vertical depth to the clay soil layer (Bt horizon) and thus to calculate the thickness of sediments accumulated in playa wetlands.

Materials and methods This study used the electromagnetic induction (EMI) survey method, specifically EM38-MK2 equipment, to measure the vertical depth to the clay soil layer at the publicly managed wetlands in the Rainwater Basin, Nebraska, USA.

Results and discussion The results indicated that the depth to the clay soil layer ...


An Iot Framework For Modeling And Controlling Thermal Comfort In Buildings, Fadi Alsaleem, Mehari K. Tesfay, Mostafa Rafaie, Kevin Sinkar, Dhaman Besarla, Parthiban Arunasalam Jun 2020

An Iot Framework For Modeling And Controlling Thermal Comfort In Buildings, Fadi Alsaleem, Mehari K. Tesfay, Mostafa Rafaie, Kevin Sinkar, Dhaman Besarla, Parthiban Arunasalam

Architectural Engineering -- Faculty Publications

Humans spend more than 90% of their day in buildings, where their health and productivity are demonstrably linked to thermal comfort. Building thermal comfort systems account for the largest share of U.S energy consumption. Despite this high-energy cost, due to building design complexity and the variety of building occupant needs, addressing thermal comfort in buildings remains a difficult problem. To overcome this challenge, this paper presents an Internet of Things (IoT) approach to efficiently model and control comfort in buildings. In the model phase, a method to access and exploit wearable device data to build a personal thermal comfort ...


An Overview Of Vehicle-To-Infrastructure Communication Technology, Muath Altuijary May 2020

An Overview Of Vehicle-To-Infrastructure Communication Technology, Muath Altuijary

Community and Regional Planning Program: Student Projects and Theses

As a part of solutions to reduce problems associated with transportation in cities, technologies can have noticeable impacts. Due to efficiency and low costs, innovative transportation technologies can reshape and improve human’s transportation. This research aims to explore Vehicle-to-Infrastructure communication technology (V2I) and its benefits to safety, mobility, and environment. In addition, it explores the planning aspect of deploying V2I technology and its opportunities, challenges and concerns, and implication to communities. The research will also look at several case studies including pilot projects that have been taking place in the United States and studies that have been done to ...


Batman's New Arkham: Revisiting Piranesi, Mathew Drummond May 2020

Batman's New Arkham: Revisiting Piranesi, Mathew Drummond

Theses from the M. Arch. Program

My thesis is the re-appropriation of the historical image through the medium of a comic.

For the first half of this book, I will focus the conversation around three areas of inquiries that derived from the work I've produced while the second half will focus on the research that was done to create this thesis.


The Master Plan: Design Guidelines For Installments Along The Cowboy Trail, Nathan Gradoville May 2020

The Master Plan: Design Guidelines For Installments Along The Cowboy Trail, Nathan Gradoville

Theses from the M. Arch. Program

The Cowboy Recreation and Nature Trail is a multi-purpose trail with an abundance of amenities. However, even with great features, the trail is an underutilized asset for the state of Nebraska and the Midwest region. Budget cuts and a lack of regional and local momentum has caused the trail to become devalued. The grain elevator has long been an icon, adored and beloved by the Midwesterners for centuries. The silos have inherent qualities that foster appreciation and respect. These characteristics are rooted in its stature and materiality. In order to remedy the suffering of the Cowboy Trail, a study into ...


Rhythms Of Cinematic Horror: Enabling The Device Of The Frame, Violet Bast May 2020

Rhythms Of Cinematic Horror: Enabling The Device Of The Frame, Violet Bast

Theses from the M. Arch. Program

Horror can be defined as the lens in the pursuit of defining a complex model of aesthetic judgement, which is a classification that has conventionally been home to profound suspicion about the virtues of aesthetic itself. Particularly in horror films, the device of the frame can be utilized as an opportunity to alter a viewer’s perception of what may or may not occur within a space. This affiliation with space is what allows cinema and architecture to link their worlds and human experience together. By employing the methodologies of rhythmic impact and montage theory, the effects of horror-derived operations ...


[Ne]W Arch Hall | Building Inclusion & Equity Into Architecture Education, Jati Zunaibi May 2020

[Ne]W Arch Hall | Building Inclusion & Equity Into Architecture Education, Jati Zunaibi

Theses from the M. Arch. Program

The purpose of this thesis book is not to play into the historically white-male-centric hierarchical system that the collegiate institution has established for architecture. The objective of this text is to provide a critical reflection of our academies through the lens of a minority emerging architect (raised by two former practicing architects that transitioned into academia, spent eight years in school with countless leadership experiences, and nationally recognized as a scholar). Most of the white text contents herein are appropriate for scholastic study, but, I would encourage readers to follow along with the grey and bracketed text as well. Although ...


User: Drone, Abigail L. Nelson May 2020

User: Drone, Abigail L. Nelson

Theses from the M. Arch. Program

Though industrial technology furthered the possibilities of architecture and, in the the case of the automobile, redefined architectural principles and promenade, it also influenced a consumerist-driven, technology-obsessed society. Cedric Price and Reynor Banham saw great promise in the implementation of technology within architecture; what they overlooked, though, was the tangible exhaust it brought: electronic waste (e-waste). The current e-waste situation in the New Territories of Hong Kong poses a case study which allows technology, specifically that of drones, to interact with architecture.

For this thesis, drones, in reaction to the e-waste case study, operate an e-waste handling facility alongside humans ...


Boundary Echoes: A Series Of Cautionary Tales, Shayla Joy Dick May 2020

Boundary Echoes: A Series Of Cautionary Tales, Shayla Joy Dick

Theses from the M. Arch. Program

Around the world, people live in places where boundaries define their lives. Cities like Nicosia, Jerusalem, Belfast, and El Paso must contend with the constant struggle of us versus them, solidified through physical barriers. Unfortunately, these places and their very real problems are removed and seemingly unimportant in our safe and familiar reality. But these are real cities where real people live. Those people could be us. Their cities could be our cities. Thus, a radical approach is taken in this thesis. A satire of sorts. Four divided cites are examined to understand the spatial and social factors of their ...


Demolition In Rural Nebraska: Revitalizing Fairbury’S Vacant Sites, Mohammad S. Qutbaldeen May 2020

Demolition In Rural Nebraska: Revitalizing Fairbury’S Vacant Sites, Mohammad S. Qutbaldeen

Theses from the Architecture Program

Small communities are the most affected by the population decline. This decline results in an increase in the number of abandoned buildings. Those buildings, if left uncared for, will disintegrate and pose an environmental threat to the communities that they are in. In rural areas, demolition without repurposing or redevelopment plans is the dominant solution for unoccupied buildings. Data from the U.S. Census and the Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality shows that the rural town in Nebraska with the highest rate of vacant sites in a rural town has occurred in Fairbury. Vacant sites are an inevitable result of ...


Evaluation Of The Dynamic Behavior Of Steel Staircases With Concrete Filled Pan Treads, Tyler Sondag May 2020

Evaluation Of The Dynamic Behavior Of Steel Staircases With Concrete Filled Pan Treads, Tyler Sondag

Architectural Engineering -- Dissertations and Student Research

Vibration serviceability of staircases has been a growing challenge for structural engineers due to changing materials and structural forms. In order to prevent or correct serviceability problems due to structural vibrations, structural engineers should be able to predict the dynamic performance of a staircase structure. However, there are few technical guides available for designing steel staircases, and the ones that do exist are often limited in their applications. Currently, there is a lack of research on staircases that are less prone to vibrations, such as staircases with concrete filled pans that are composed of face and wall stringers. Therefore, the ...


Ultimus: A Cautionary Tale Of Our Future, Ian Jones May 2020

Ultimus: A Cautionary Tale Of Our Future, Ian Jones

Theses from the M. Arch. Program

This thesis is working towards developing a set of representations capable of crafting a cautionary tale of a possible future of the built environment, should we continue to ignore the signs of rapid deterioration across our planet.

The goal is to illuminate the issue of climate change through the lens of architectural propaganda and architectural ruins. By exploring these architectural concepts, the aim is to develop a parafictional method of storytelling that dramatizes and exaggerates the effects of climate change on our built environment. As well as illustrate the effects our built world has had on the Earth’s environment ...


Representational Forms: Storytelling Of Climate Change, Hayden Cudaback May 2020

Representational Forms: Storytelling Of Climate Change, Hayden Cudaback

Theses from the M. Arch. Program

Climate change is recognized as one of the biggest threats to our natural world and its biodiversity, as well as to global security, human health and well-being. We are already witnessing the early effects of climate change, with more frequent, extreme weather events and changing seasonal patterns being seen around the world.

Climate change is a complex object that you can’t physically connect with. Its effects can be felt, but climate change itself is an entity that people can’t understand the depth and magnitude. This characteristic of climate change makes any depiction related to its effects static and ...


Growth: Expanding The Nature Of Cities, Collin R. Meusch May 2020

Growth: Expanding The Nature Of Cities, Collin R. Meusch

Theses from the M. Arch. Program

This thesis aims to define and explore why it is absolutely necessary for cities to accommodate higher densities of people and incorporate the natural environment within the built environment. As urban populations continue to grow at rapid rates, the threat of losing our ties to the natural environment looms on the horizon, but presents architects with an opportunity to help combat this problem. This thesis aims to critically examine strategies for rethinking the architecture of cities, strategies that include both accommodating higher numbers of people and presenting people with the opportunity for frequent exposure to nature within the context of ...


Behind Closed Doors, Hannah Schafers May 2020

Behind Closed Doors, Hannah Schafers

Theses from the M. Arch. Program

This thesis launches itself off the contemporary critique of phenomenology that values subjectivity and places emphasis on the ‘archetypical’ user. Spectators in build space today are just that, seeing architecture as what you bump into while trying to view something else or merely as a culturally framed monument visible by its own significance. Ninety-three percent of our lives revolve around built space, and in particular the interior condition, yet architecture has become a subconscious being of mundane expectations for the occupant. The values of human experience in architecture are sometimes difficult to portray and internalize in their pure form.

Behind ...


Migratory Patterns And How They Affect They Relocation Of The Age Cohort 20 To 40 Into Nonmetropolitan Communities Of Nebraska, Mariah Tobin May 2020

Migratory Patterns And How They Affect They Relocation Of The Age Cohort 20 To 40 Into Nonmetropolitan Communities Of Nebraska, Mariah Tobin

Theses from the M. Arch. Program

Nebraska’s nonmetropolitan communities have been rapidly declining in population. However, recent research has shown an uncharacteristic increase in the population of those age 20 to 40. The survival of nonmetropolitan communities is crucial to the societal ecosystem of America. The people moving into these nonmetropolitan areas believe in rural; they are “Rural by Choice”.

If Nebraska is to keep this way of life alive and thriving, small towns must re-evaluate their communities and strive to meet the demands of today’s globally connected world and the expectations of these younger generations. People are moving into nonmetropolitan areas in search ...


Analyzation Of Sandpit Lakes In Grand Island, Nebraska, Olena Yarmolyuk, Morgan Davis Apr 2020

Analyzation Of Sandpit Lakes In Grand Island, Nebraska, Olena Yarmolyuk, Morgan Davis

Student Creative Activity, Architecture Program

The oxford dictionary defines “dichotomy” as, “noun: a division or contrast between two things that are or are represented as being opposed or entirely different.” In the context of Grand Island, Nebraska, a dichotomy exists in the development of housing. In the 1900s, sand quarrying began along the railroad in Grand Island. When the sand was dredged up from these quarries, the floodplain began to fill in holes over 5 feet deep, creating man-made lakes. As these lakes grew the sand could no longer be quarried, recreation and housing began to develop on their shores. The housing developments, in particular ...


Catalog Of Speculative Suburban Futures, Tara Grebe, Geneva Sinkula, Austin Riggins, Zac Porter Apr 2020

Catalog Of Speculative Suburban Futures, Tara Grebe, Geneva Sinkula, Austin Riggins, Zac Porter

UCARE Research Products

This joint creative project examines ordinary suburban architecture through a neutral lens. American suburbs are often a source of vibrant debate in architectural discourse. The goal of this research was not to contribute to the endorsement or condemnation of suburbia, but to instead study the composition of these common place typologies. The three typologies studied in this project were shopping malls, big box stores, and gas stations; each of these has a distinct organization and set of characteristics that separates it from the others. After studying the basic components, interventions were made to transform each building in unique ways. This ...


The Impact Of Pev User Charging Behavior In Building Public Charging Infrastructure, Ahmad Almaghrebi Apr 2020

The Impact Of Pev User Charging Behavior In Building Public Charging Infrastructure, Ahmad Almaghrebi

Architectural Engineering -- Dissertations and Student Research

Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) play a significant role in the development of green cities since they generate less pollution than conventional vehicles. To promote PEV adoption and mitigate range anxiety, charging infrastructure should be deployed at strategic locations that are readily accessible to the public. Nebraska is working on the expansion of charging infrastructure around the state; however, stakeholders face several difficulties in trying to minimize irregular charging behaviors. Most electric vehicle users plug in and leave their vehicles for an extended time at public parking lots designated for PEVs. Some users even leave their vehicles for longer than 24 ...


Guidelines For Sustainable Practices In The Rural Built Environment, Nash Kelly, Ethan Weiche Apr 2020

Guidelines For Sustainable Practices In The Rural Built Environment, Nash Kelly, Ethan Weiche

UCARE Research Products

This poster provides information about sustainable changes people can make to better improve their health, community and built environment. From what is shown, this can be done through community gardens, pedestrian access and building certifications.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), climate change will have direct and significant health impacts (1), which the Lancet Countdown identifies as disproportionately affecting at-risk populations.(2) The challenges of geographic isolation and lack of population density in rural and remote areas limits adequate access to basic healthcare services, such as primary care, emergency care, and mental health services. Additionally, the health deficit experienced ...


Analysis Of The Geographical Distribution Of Primary Care Physicians In Nebraska, Chanhyun Park Apr 2020

Analysis Of The Geographical Distribution Of Primary Care Physicians In Nebraska, Chanhyun Park

Community and Regional Planning Program: Student Projects and Theses

Many articles point out that there is a disparity between rural and urban areas in healthcare service. The disparity is derived from the locational choices of physicians which are influenced by diverse factors such as backgrounds where they grew up or type of facility at which they worked. This study examines physician movements which vary depending on the types of physician and facility in Nebraska. The research dataset are annual practicing records of all primary care physicians and business information of the facilities in Nebraska from 1998 to 2019. The study result shows that there is little difference in physicians ...


An Investigation Of The Operational And Design Characteristics Of Circadian Lighting Systems - Report, Aaron Adams, Iason Konstantzos Apr 2020

An Investigation Of The Operational And Design Characteristics Of Circadian Lighting Systems - Report, Aaron Adams, Iason Konstantzos

UCARE Research Products

This report investigates the operation of circadian lighting systems to gain an understanding of the main design and control characteristics and to promote different objectives for use. Research is guided by asking how color intensity, color temperature and their temporal characteristics are related to the circadian response, and how this knowledge can be utilized when designing and operating lighting systems for indoor environments. This report consists of an extensive literature review and case study application cut short by the impact of the novel coronavirus. The case study takes place in an office space housed on the UNMC campus featuring an ...


An Investigation Of The Operational And Design Characteristics Of Circadian Lighting Systems, Aaron Adams Apr 2020

An Investigation Of The Operational And Design Characteristics Of Circadian Lighting Systems, Aaron Adams

Architectural Engineering -- Dissertations and Student Research

This report investigates the operation of circadian lighting systems to gain an understanding of the main design and control characteristics and to promote different objectives for use. Research is guided by asking how color intensity, color temperature and their temporal characteristics are related to the circadian response, and how this knowledge can be utilized when designing and operating lighting systems for indoor environments. This report consists of an extensive literature review and case study application cut short by the impact of the novel coronavirus. The case study takes place in an office space housed on the UNMC campus featuring an ...


An Investigation Of The Operational And Design Characteristics Of Circadian Lighting Systems, Aaron Adams, Iason Konstantzos Apr 2020

An Investigation Of The Operational And Design Characteristics Of Circadian Lighting Systems, Aaron Adams, Iason Konstantzos

UCARE Research Products

This report investigates the operation of circadian lighting systems to gain an understanding of the main design and control characteristics and to promote different objectives for use. Research is guided by asking how color intensity, color temperature and their temporal characteristics are related to the circadian response, and how this knowledge can be utilized when designing and operating lighting systems for indoor environments. This report features an extensive literature review and case study application cut short by the impact of the novel coronavirus. Future investigation and implementation is encouraged.


A Design Framework For Rural Community Prosperity, Austin Arens Mar 2020

A Design Framework For Rural Community Prosperity, Austin Arens

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

In rural America, particularly the rural Midwest, the salad days of the distant past seem to be turning from realities into memories. Shrinking populations, ailing infrastructure, and a general decline in quality of life over the past 50 years have left many small communities thinking critically about their future. These social and economic pressures have acted as a call to arms for a few rural communities across the Midwest, especially in the state of Nebraska. The community of Valentine, Nebraska, situated at the crossroads of two highways that span the continent, a regional hub for every household within a 2 ...


Encapsulating Educational Design For Students With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Lauren Praeuner Mar 2020

Encapsulating Educational Design For Students With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Lauren Praeuner

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

This paper is a thesis/creative project hybrid split into two parts. First, it examines different aspects of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), the symptoms experienced by those on the spectrum, and the guidelines that parents, medical professionals, and educators should follow to ensure a holistic approach to the care and education of children with autism. The text also notes some of the considerations that designers should review when designing educational facilities for these individuals, as well as few precedents that successfully do so. The second part of the paper presents my team’s architectural studio project, contributed to by UNL ...


Epicenter: An Investigation Of Interior Design's Influence Of The American Suburban Situation, Lindsay Meyer Jan 2020

Epicenter: An Investigation Of Interior Design's Influence Of The American Suburban Situation, Lindsay Meyer

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The suburbs cause isolation and poor physical and mental health for a variety of individuals, including parents, teenagers, and the elderly. Neighborhood design rarely considers marginalized teenagers and elderly, but instead focuses on the automobile. Teenagers show higher rates of anxiety, depression, and substance abuse in suburban areas than in urban areas. Millennial desire for suburbs that are engaging and elderly desire to remain in their homes longer demands reconsideration of the current suburban model. Big-box store blight ravages suburban communities damaging local economies and diminishing community curb-appeal. Closing box stores compounds the suburban dweller’s reliance on the automobile ...