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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Managing The Rapid Urban Growth For Cities In Transition Countries, Binak Beqaj, Ylber Limani, Driton R. Kryeziu Nov 2018

Managing The Rapid Urban Growth For Cities In Transition Countries, Binak Beqaj, Ylber Limani, Driton R. Kryeziu

International Journal of Business and Technology

Through political transition, socio-economical trends of cities as urban areas contributed to huge movements of population from rural to urban areas or from small urban areas toward big urban areas, making them bigger, under the rapid growth. Those cities have faced:

  • Overloads with number of citizens,
  • Lack of adequate infrastructure and
  • Creativity deficiency for drafting and implementing urban development vision.

Consequently, the question is what qualitative life do cities offer when considering abovementioned suppositions related to rapid urban growth?

In general, for cities under rapid development, experts and authorities have not sufficiently succeeded to develop proper methodologies to neutralize chaotically ...


Urban Heat Islands (Uhi) Mitigation In Densely Urban City Of Tirana, Albania: Materials, Energy, Comfort, Sokol Dervishi, Eltjona Lacaj, Regina Vathi Nov 2018

Urban Heat Islands (Uhi) Mitigation In Densely Urban City Of Tirana, Albania: Materials, Energy, Comfort, Sokol Dervishi, Eltjona Lacaj, Regina Vathi

International Journal of Business and Technology

Urban Heat Island (UHI) is considered as one of the major problems in the 21st century as a result of urbanization and industrialization of human civilization. The urban structures generate a large amount of heat from solar radiations and other sources (i.e. anthropogenic heat). This situation is even worse in cities with high density and large population and extensive economic activities, Tirana, a densely urbanized city, is seriously facing this problem. In this context, the present paper is a review article aiming to present the actual state of the art on the development and the assessment of potential benefits ...


Territorial Planning Policy For Sustainable Development, Gjergj Thomai Nov 2018

Territorial Planning Policy For Sustainable Development, Gjergj Thomai

International Journal of Business and Technology

Urban planning in Albania, has been promoted in various forms of organization. Ultimately Territorial Planning Law represents another form of policies on the territory that is closely linked to the decentralization of control of the territory.

Up to now, four developments has been particularly important:

  • European approach, which gave an increase in economic and social cohesion policy;
  • Decentralization in the early 2000s, which has made local governments full participants in the process of territorial planning;
  • The emergence of the notion of sustainable development;
  • Initiation of international economic relations after the nineties.
Territorial planning policy for sustainable development requires meeting the ...


The Analysis Of Interface Of Social-Technical Aspects Within Transport Planning And Urban Design, Ylber Limani, Binak Beqaj, Vlora Aliu Nov 2018

The Analysis Of Interface Of Social-Technical Aspects Within Transport Planning And Urban Design, Ylber Limani, Binak Beqaj, Vlora Aliu

International Journal of Business and Technology

This paper discusses the essentials of social-technical aspects of urban development and transport planning. It describes the role and position of human factor in urban development and transport planning and its interface with technical elements. The paper argues the possibilities of optimization of the correlation between human factors and technical elements using the social-technical insights related turban design and transport planning. The research methodology has been based on qualitative empirical and theoretical approaches using the methods of combination the direct observation and the analysis of documents, and the literature. The working methodology has been based on the concept of organizational ...


Analogy In Elements: Breaking The National Identity, Kujtim Elezi, Nuran Saliu Nov 2018

Analogy In Elements: Breaking The National Identity, Kujtim Elezi, Nuran Saliu

International Journal of Business and Technology

The first aim of this paper is to present the after W.W.II temptation of the Macedonian authors to identify national elements that is Macedonian elements in houses build in Macedonia. After identifying them, the same elements (now national) will be used to declare the national heritage in Macedonian houses. Secondly, we would like to compare the same elements found as Macedonian with other places, like Turkey (involving Bursa, Istanbul and other cities), to see if they really are different as those from houses in Turkey, or there is a similarity between them.


The Socio-Cultural And Political Significance Of Coffeehouses And Coffee Culture During The Independence Processes Of Kosovo, Ajhan Bajmaku, Çınar Nartar Nov 2018

The Socio-Cultural And Political Significance Of Coffeehouses And Coffee Culture During The Independence Processes Of Kosovo, Ajhan Bajmaku, Çınar Nartar

International Journal of Business and Technology

The coffee culture in the Balkans spread and developed as the Ottoman Empire began using the region as a base that opened into Europe. This region with great strategic significance draws attention not only because it functioned as a bridge between the East and the West but also because of cultural and political values in perspective of the process of changes and developments that have taken place throughout time. As an establishment the coffeehouse is a vital concept for society. Beside their fundamental functions, coffeehouses have gained additional functions over the course of history. These additional functions are directed by ...


Steering Spatial Development In The Vienna Agglomeration, Thomas Dillinger Nov 2018

Steering Spatial Development In The Vienna Agglomeration, Thomas Dillinger

International Journal of Business and Technology

After the falling down of the “iron curtain” Vienna starts to grow again. It is now a metropolitan area with about 2.6 Mio. inhabitants. Vienna is surrounded by Lower Austria, which is one of the nine countries (Bundesländer) of Austria. Spatial Planning is based on the Austrian Constitution a complex matter. The Federal State, the Countries and the Municipalities have competences in Spatial Planning. Thus, in the agglomeration we are confronted with different spatial planning legislation, instruments and institution.In this situation basically three instruments have been developed to steer spatial development in the Vienna agglomeration: Lower Austria has ...


Residential Building Stock Transformation In Years And Strategies For The Future - Albanian Case, Jujian Veleshnja, Miranda Rashani Oct 2017

Residential Building Stock Transformation In Years And Strategies For The Future - Albanian Case, Jujian Veleshnja, Miranda Rashani

UBT International Conference

This research aims to present a clear picture of existing situation of the residential building stock, their adaptation and transformation during years, which can serve as bases for the needed strategy of future retrofitting. It will be evidenced the importance of tools and procedures for environmental regeneration and architectural retrofitting of residential buildings blocks, in the frame of energy efficiency. The research aims, although, to provide building researchers and practitioners with a better understanding of how to effectively conduct a building retrofit to promote energy conservation and sustainability.

The methodology used for this research will be based on a phenomenological ...


Monuments, Protection And Rehabilitation Zones Of Vienna. Genesis And Status In Legislation And Administration, Caroline Jaeger-Klein Oct 2017

Monuments, Protection And Rehabilitation Zones Of Vienna. Genesis And Status In Legislation And Administration, Caroline Jaeger-Klein

UBT International Conference

Austria has a very long tradition in monument protection. Already in 1853, the central commission to research and preserve the built historic monuments started to operate. The current law on monument protection is from the year 1923. Hence, the most successful steps to secure the country’s built cultural heritage date back to a new provincial legislation, administration and finance system implemented in the early 70ies of the 19th century based on so-called Old-City Preservation Acts. By this sensitive approach, Austria safeguarded the most important historic city centers of Austria like Salzburg, Graz and Vienna vividly in their traditional characteristics ...


Revitalization Of The Kokalari Estate Within The Historic Context Of Gjirokastra, Severin Karl Valentin Queck Oct 2017

Revitalization Of The Kokalari Estate Within The Historic Context Of Gjirokastra, Severin Karl Valentin Queck

UBT International Conference

In the historic center of the UNESCO World Heritage site of Gjirokastra lie the remains of one of the town’s most notable family-residences. Built in 1883, the edifice owns an extraordinary composition for the late Ottoman period. Today the ruin is a memorial site dedicated to Musine Kokalari, who spent her youth in Gjirokastra. She was declared a “National Heroine” years after her death in 1983 for her defiant stand against the totalitarian regime. This paper exposes the factors, which endanger the monument and explicates the necessary operations for a successful revitalization following the ideas of Arjeta Kokalari, curator ...


Urban Renewal: Retransformation Instead Of Demolition, Skender Kosumi Oct 2017

Urban Renewal: Retransformation Instead Of Demolition, Skender Kosumi

UBT International Conference

Now days, technology is everywhere, in our homes and working areas, we even carry a lot of electronic technology with us. It is one of the most used notions and a part of life. Ourhouses also have a lot of electronic technology, it relieves our lives. Technology can also make our space more comfortable, saves our time in many ways. However, technology can not physically enlarge or replace our spaces. Flexibility is an essential component of our lives, increases our space and allows the most possibilities through the changes of our lives. It remains a part of our lives and ...


Bad Design To Kitsch: Examples From Eastern Point Of View, Çınar Narter, Ajhan Bajmaku Oct 2017

Bad Design To Kitsch: Examples From Eastern Point Of View, Çınar Narter, Ajhan Bajmaku

UBT International Conference

The design case is applied to make a difference in living and to facilitate people's life, from product scale, architectural design to urban scale. A design practice should be able to respond to the user's cognitive and behavioral needs. Today, design solutions that can not respond to these needs are confronted as bad design.

Today, when the habits of consumer society and the low expectations of users are combined, it is inevitable to encounter kitsch phenomenon in design solutions. Kitsch is a term used to refer to banal, rugged, and boring design solutions made with sharps and commercial ...


Revitalization Of New Dinamo Factory Through The Urban Agriculture, Françeska Delia, Ariana Neprvishta Oct 2017

Revitalization Of New Dinamo Factory Through The Urban Agriculture, Françeska Delia, Ariana Neprvishta

UBT International Conference

The country's industrialization recognized its peak during the '60s and' 70s. Industrial constructions served as catalysts for the construction of several new housing blocks in Tirana. Around these industrial areas were built dedicated dwellings mainly for the workers' families. After the total abandonment of these structures, the industry was no longer the main revenue generator in the country, so Albanians turned to private activities.

For seven to eight years, we have turned attention to these factors from these areas and abandoned structures. The first is the private factor, which has begun to reuse some of the areas in these ...


Exploration Of Housing Evolution In Tirana During The Years 1929-1943, Oketa Hoxha, Florian Nepravishta, Ani Tola(Panariti) Oct 2017

Exploration Of Housing Evolution In Tirana During The Years 1929-1943, Oketa Hoxha, Florian Nepravishta, Ani Tola(Panariti)

UBT International Conference

This paper traces the evolution of housing typologies, focusing in Tirana, Albania. The study reviews the fundamentals of housing throughout the two historical periods, 1929-1932 and 1939-1943. The housing projects analysed are designed mostly by Austrian and Italian architects. The methodological approach is based on reviewing a number of case studies starting from one-family house to multi-family housing typology. The main purpose of this paper is to identify the process of transformation and development of housing based on the typologies, functionality, and occupancy. Also, particular elements of asthetics are analyzed and compared. This study highlights that the improvement of living ...


Application Of Complex Adaptive Leadership Approach In Multinational Construction Company In Albania, Blerta Vula Rizvanolli Oct 2017

Application Of Complex Adaptive Leadership Approach In Multinational Construction Company In Albania, Blerta Vula Rizvanolli

UBT International Conference

The vivid non-linear business environment of nowadays, enhances companies to embrace the complexity leadership approach, in order to remain competitive in a globalized industry. Maintaining their adaptive system is found to be the main challenge. This paper aims to analyze the up-to-date literature based on Complex Adaptive Leadership approach, focusing on Chaos Theory and Complexity Science. In addition a real-life case of a German company investing in real-estate sector in Albania is introduced. The highly dynamic environment of construction project depends on the information flow and interaction between project stakeholders, which is proved to impose high unpredictability, continuous disequilibrium and ...


Integrating Resilience, Green Building And Bim In Architecture Theory And Practice, Ferhat Bejtullahu Oct 2017

Integrating Resilience, Green Building And Bim In Architecture Theory And Practice, Ferhat Bejtullahu

UBT International Conference

The paper contents qualitative research that covers scope of Resilience, Green Building and BIM (Building Information Modeling) concepts implementation. Objective of paper is to facilitate the discussion on question how these concepts can be integrated to apply in architecture theory and practice by making science-based building decisions that will improve the overall performance of construction projects. Research is done in global and regional context focused in Republic of Kosovo.

The specific objective of this paper is to facilitate socially innovative actions and initiatives as a primary source for integration of resilience, green building and BIM technology in the daily life ...


Reuse And Regeneration Of Industrial Zones, Rineta Jashari, Zana Prelvukaj, Faton Spahiu Oct 2017

Reuse And Regeneration Of Industrial Zones, Rineta Jashari, Zana Prelvukaj, Faton Spahiu

UBT International Conference

The research in this paper deals with the industrial heritage, analysis of industrial buildings built during XX century in Europe and in Kosovo, where as the case study is taken the city of Pristina and industrial revitalized buildings as good examples in Europe.

Industrial heritage is part of the cultural heritage that deals with the buildings and artifacts of the industry that are inherited from the past, and preserved for future generations, as a symbol and urban identity.

In Western European countries, the phenomenon of resurrection and industrial heritage is constantly growing and developing, in Southeast Europe is still a ...


Educational Buildings In Albania: Typologies Based On Morphological Developmen, Ledita Mezini, Ani Tola Oct 2017

Educational Buildings In Albania: Typologies Based On Morphological Developmen, Ledita Mezini, Ani Tola

UBT International Conference

There are about 3400 school buildings in Albania and constantly new schools are being renovated and built. It is widely known that the educational sector and the built environment contributes to the achievements of learning and teaching, and causes many effects in the learning process. The importance of the educational infrastructures, is the main purpose of this study, which tries to categorize the typologies, morphology, and space distribution of schools, designed in the years 1945-1990. This period corresponds to the largest number of school’s constructions of ‘type models’ in Albania. The study is focused on the analysis of 150 ...


Underground Houses - Systematic Approach Toward Underground Construction Of Living Space, Lulzim Beqiri, Zejnulla Rexhepi, Mimoza Sylejmani, Besian Sinani, Hamide Ibrahimi, Imer Haziri, Fatmir Faiku, Arben Mehmeti, Arben Haziri Oct 2017

Underground Houses - Systematic Approach Toward Underground Construction Of Living Space, Lulzim Beqiri, Zejnulla Rexhepi, Mimoza Sylejmani, Besian Sinani, Hamide Ibrahimi, Imer Haziri, Fatmir Faiku, Arben Mehmeti, Arben Haziri

UBT International Conference

The urgent need for energy consumption reduction and trends of global warming leads toward exploring possibilities to “hide” living space from explosion to climate changes as a result of global warming. This paper aims to present benefits of underground houses, underground living space. Housing is elementary process of mankind life that was performed from the existence of life in different forms, shapes, levels and social developments. House, as one used to get protected by phenomena of the nature, historically used in different shapes, levels and materials, created mentality that one percept as protective, and isolated space, for life activities. This ...


Renewal Of A Housing District From The Sixties In Budapest, János Gyergyák, Erzsébet Szeréna Zoltán, Bence Gál, Anett Gál-Mózes Oct 2017

Renewal Of A Housing District From The Sixties In Budapest, János Gyergyák, Erzsébet Szeréna Zoltán, Bence Gál, Anett Gál-Mózes

UBT International Conference

At the time of its construction the housing estate József Attila (1956-1963) in Budapest was a sample project (installation, interior spaces, new structures and materials) which has been obsoleted in the last 50 years. After winning the architectural and urban competition using open-minded architectural thinking that can make the housing estate a new role model again - increasing existing values and give new ones, the paper presents the principles of design which could be standard for neighborhoods of similar history.


The Development Of The Concept Of “Public Space” In Tirana, Eduina Zekaj Oct 2017

The Development Of The Concept Of “Public Space” In Tirana, Eduina Zekaj

UBT International Conference

The term “public space”, also known as urban space is a pretty old phrase, but was used as e concept with a clear definition during the modern era. The evolution of this term is well known in Tirana because of its constant development especially in the recent projects.

The first attempts started in 1914, but there was not a real concept of the public space, which was definitely affected by the citizens’ lifestyle. The public spaces in Tirana have changed a lot since then by recreating the concept of “public use”. There are many examples of squares, streets and parks ...


New Urban Agenda - How Far -By Thespatial Planning Legislation In Kosovo And Albania, Elvida Pallaska Oct 2017

New Urban Agenda - How Far -By Thespatial Planning Legislation In Kosovo And Albania, Elvida Pallaska

UBT International Conference

Sustainable Urban Development in Kosovo and Albania is the subject to this research paper. Analyzes of spatial planning legislation of two countries, toward approaching New Urban Agenda, its strategic objectives, priorities, modalities of urban management is of importance.

Kosovo and Albanian cities are facing rapid urbanization due to several reasons, migration, economic development challenges, that initially are regulated by spatial development legislation, whereas global trend are saying for the facts that one third of the global population will live in cities by 2050 (UN, 2014), in Albania over two third of population will live in cities after 2035 (UN, World ...


Characteristics Of Urban/Architectural Developments In Tirana And Prishtina, During The Last Decade, Binak Beqaj, Armand Vokshi Oct 2017

Characteristics Of Urban/Architectural Developments In Tirana And Prishtina, During The Last Decade, Binak Beqaj, Armand Vokshi

UBT International Conference

Rapid urbanization as a process of societal transformation and intensive architectural developments in urban areas in Tirana and Prishtina, as capital cities of Countries in transition in sense of achievements for community living there and their urban qualitative life. Considering the planning process and role of different partners towards urban prosperity, the urban developments during the last ten years in both capital cities, based on research done and presented in this paper, using comparison methodology on some contextual bases:

  • Policy context
  • Physical space context
  • Site landscape context

With analyses aiming to explain which are effects of three-dimensional mentioned above “contexts ...


Cultural Spaces Research On Architecture And Identity, Ulrike Herbig Oct 2016

Cultural Spaces Research On Architecture And Identity, Ulrike Herbig

UBT International Conference

Architecture is the result of a multilayered process influenced by numerous factors. Thus, comprehensive architectural research can only be achieved through a holistic approach and in collaboration with experts from different disciplines. Although interdisciplinary research is a common framework for architectural studies and should be an integral part of the education for future architects, yet, this is not usually the case. With its module entitled “Cultural Spaces – Research on Architecture and Identity” at the TU Wien, a set of courses has been developed to arouse the interest of students of architecture in setting up their own research project. This paper ...


Professional Access Of Woodworking Engineers To The Labor Market, Ramadan Topuzi, Arben Bejtja, Leonidha Peri Oct 2016

Professional Access Of Woodworking Engineers To The Labor Market, Ramadan Topuzi, Arben Bejtja, Leonidha Peri

UBT International Conference

In the Wood Industry Department at Agricultural University of Tirana, wood processing engineers have been graduating for years. Faculty performs its mission through trainings provided for the student during the learning process and practice until his graduation. This is considered as the fulfillment of institutional responsibility as there is no possibility of their employment management. The private sector constitutes real employment opportunities for Wood Processing engineers in Albania. The wood industry in Albania (after '90) was transformed from a centralized industry to free enterprise. Today it is mainly organized in small to medium enterprises, which produce and trade furniture and ...


The Architecture Of Tetova Between The End Of The 19th Century And The World War Two, Kujtim Elezi, Nuran Saliu Oct 2016

The Architecture Of Tetova Between The End Of The 19th Century And The World War Two, Kujtim Elezi, Nuran Saliu

UBT International Conference

The time period between the late 19th century and World War Two is known as a period of markant transformation in the Ottoman Empire. These changes influenced the city of Tetova in all aspects, such as political, economical, sociological, and architectural.

The goal of this paper is the presentation of different architectural styles in the city of Tetova during the above mentioned time period. The breaking point of the so- called ‘traditional style’ in architecture, in order to leave place for the ‘new’ one, is another tantative of the work. The traditional way of building was very acute during the ...


Role Of The Architects In Creating Building And Urban Resilience, Ferhat Bejtullahu Oct 2016

Role Of The Architects In Creating Building And Urban Resilience, Ferhat Bejtullahu

UBT International Conference

Extreme weather events are increasing in intensity and frequency. While the social component of resilience with all its dimensions depend on all citizens, spatial and environmental components with all their dimensions depend on more from architects than from other professionals. In this context, architects have a responsibility to evaluate, design (create) and maintain resilient build environment that can more successfully adapt to natural conditions and that can more readily absorb and recover city from different disasters.

The objective of this research and used methodology is to identify the role of architects in creating the building and urban resilience qualities that ...


An Evaluation On Applications Of Sustainable Approaches In Condominiums, Nida Yildirim Oct 2016

An Evaluation On Applications Of Sustainable Approaches In Condominiums, Nida Yildirim

UBT International Conference

Nowadays, as the result of the damage caused by building sector to the environment and with increased depletion of natural resources, sustainable architecture has required to be an integral part of the construction industry. To prevent unhealthy construction and to increase the number of sustainable or green buildings in terms of the environment, there were established several sustainable building rating systems. These sustainable building rating systems, while maintaining human health and comfort, also try to decrease the damage of the environment to a lower level. However, rating systems have specific criteria depending on their countries climate and culture. Therefore, these ...


Urban Landscape And Functionality Of Urban Space Through The River Flow –Study Cases Berati (Albania) And Gjakova (Kosova), Binak Beqaj, Florian Nepravishta Oct 2016

Urban Landscape And Functionality Of Urban Space Through The River Flow –Study Cases Berati (Albania) And Gjakova (Kosova), Binak Beqaj, Florian Nepravishta

UBT International Conference

No abstract provided.


Urban /Architectural And Historic/Cultural Analyses Of Rural Settlements -Region “Reka E Keqe” In Kosova And Region “Reka E Epërme” In Macedonia, Binak Beqaj, Enis Jakupi Oct 2016

Urban /Architectural And Historic/Cultural Analyses Of Rural Settlements -Region “Reka E Keqe” In Kosova And Region “Reka E Epërme” In Macedonia, Binak Beqaj, Enis Jakupi

UBT International Conference

Rural settlement size and its extension are some of the main factors that is responsible for settlement success in achieving its development objectives. Interlinks between settlement functions and location; are dependent on the socio-economic general conditions of the society. These conditions were rapidly changing over the last century.

As case studies have been taken the region called “Reka e keqe” (eight rural areas) in Kosova and region called “Reka e eperme” (eleven rural areas) in Macedonia. Those regions have geographical position, territorial expansion, population, tradition and other similarities. Main parameters used for analyses of those rural settlements are to be ...