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2006

Marquette University

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Black Elk's Legacy, Mark G. Thiel Dec 2006

Black Elk's Legacy, Mark G. Thiel

Library Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Upper Extremity Dynamics During Lofstrand Crutch-Assisted Gait In Children With Myelomeningocele, Brooke A. Slavens, Jamie Frantz, Peter F. Sturm, Gerald F. Harris Dec 2006

Upper Extremity Dynamics During Lofstrand Crutch-Assisted Gait In Children With Myelomeningocele, Brooke A. Slavens, Jamie Frantz, Peter F. Sturm, Gerald F. Harris

Biomedical Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

Background/Objective:

We present a 3-dimensional biomechanical model of the upper extremities to characterize joint dynamics during 2 patterns of Lofstrand crutch-assisted gait in children with myelomeningocele. The upper extremity model incorporates recommendations by the International Society of Biomechanics.

Methods:

A Vicon motion analysis system (14 cameras) captured the marker patterns. Instrumented crutches measured reaction forces. Five subjects with L3 or L4 level myelodysplasia (aged 9.8 ± 1.6 years) were analyzed during reciprocal and swing-through Lofstrand crutch-assisted gait.

Results:

The mean walking speed, cadence, and stride length were greatest during swing-through gait. Although the gait patterns had different morphologies ...


Psychometric Properties Of The Readiness For Hospital Discharge Scale, Marianne Weiss, Linda Piacentine Dec 2006

Psychometric Properties Of The Readiness For Hospital Discharge Scale, Marianne Weiss, Linda Piacentine

College of Nursing Faculty Research and Publications

The purpose of the study was to assess the psychometrics properties of the Readiness for Hospital Discharge Scale (RHDS), a 23-item instrument that measures patients' perception of readiness for discharge. Data were obtained from 356 respondents from two urban tertiary medical centers (adult and children's) in the midwestern United States who were participants in a larger study of predictors and outcomes of readiness for hospital discharge. Confirmatory factor analysis, contrasted group comparisons, and predictive validity testing supported the 4-factor structure and construct validity of the instrument. Following deletion of two poorly performing items, Cronbach's alpha for the revised ...


Normative Perspectives For Ethical And Socially Responsible Marketing, Gene R. Laczniak, Patrick Murphy Dec 2006

Normative Perspectives For Ethical And Socially Responsible Marketing, Gene R. Laczniak, Patrick Murphy

Marketing Faculty Research and Publications

This article presents a normative set of recommendations for elevating the practice of marketing ethics. The approach is grounded in seven essential perspectives involving multiple aspirational dimensions implicit in ethical marketing. More important, each basic perspective (BP), while singularly useful, is also integrated with the other observations as well as grounded in the extant ethics literature. This combination of BPs, adhering to the tenets of normative theory postulation, generates a connective, holistic approach that addresses some of the major factors marketing managers should consider if they desire to conduct their marketing campaigns with the highest levels of ethics and social ...


Distensibility Differs Between Sall Arteries And Veins In The Newborn Piglet Lung, John B. Gordon, Steven Thomas Haworth, Robert C. Molthen, Gary S. Krenz, Anne V. Clough Dec 2006

Distensibility Differs Between Sall Arteries And Veins In The Newborn Piglet Lung, John B. Gordon, Steven Thomas Haworth, Robert C. Molthen, Gary S. Krenz, Anne V. Clough

Biomedical Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

BACKGROUND: We previously used micro-CT techniques to measure pulmonary artery distensibility in 3 week old piglets. Pressure/diameter relationships were measured for each artery and the slope (a) was then plotted against its diameter intercept at 0 pressure (Do). The resultant diameter independent distensibility parameter, a, was estimated by linear regression to be 1.6% per mmHg for arteries between 0.2 and 3.0 mm Do.

OBJECTIVE: This study sought to determine whether; 1) distensibility of smaller arteries was similar to that of arteries with Do> 0.2 mm; and 2) whether small vein and artery distensibility was similar ...


Marquette Interchange Installation Report, Marquette University, Transportation Research Center Dec 2006

Marquette Interchange Installation Report, Marquette University, Transportation Research Center

Transportation Research Center: Marquette Interchange Instrumentation

Task three of the Perpetual Pavement Instrumentation Plan for the Marquette Interchange Project called for the installation of the various pavement sensors, data acquisition system, and various other components of the system outlined in the project proposal. The MU-TRC research team has successfully completed the installation of these various components of the system. This report fulfills the requirement of the installation report from task three in the project plan. This report is organized to describe in detail each specific component of the system. Most, but not all, of these details are written in the order they were completed.

Not every ...


The Nature Of Heterodox Economics, John B. Davis Dec 2006

The Nature Of Heterodox Economics, John B. Davis

Economics Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Openness, The Sacrifice Ratio, And Inflation: Is There A Puzzle?, Joseph P. Daniels, David D. Vanhoose Dec 2006

Openness, The Sacrifice Ratio, And Inflation: Is There A Puzzle?, Joseph P. Daniels, David D. Vanhoose

Economics Faculty Research and Publications

The standard time-inconsistency-based explanation for the negative correlation between openness and inflation requires an inverse relationship between the sacrifice ratio and openness, but Daniels et al. (2005, Openness, central bank independence, and the sacrifice ratio. Journal of Money, Credit, and Banking 37 (2), 371–379.) have provided evidence that controlling for central bank independence reveals a positive relationship. This paper embeds the time-inconsistency approach within a model of a multisector, imperfectly competitive, open economy. In this setting, greater openness raises the sacrifice ratio but reduces the inflation bias. Thus, failure to observe an inverse relationship between openness and the sacrifice ...


Openness, Income-Tax Progressivity, And Inflation, Joseph P. Daniels, David D. Vanhoose Dec 2006

Openness, Income-Tax Progressivity, And Inflation, Joseph P. Daniels, David D. Vanhoose

Economics Faculty Research and Publications

This paper considers a model of an open economy in which the degree of income-tax progressivity influences the interaction among openness, central bank independence, and the inflation rate. Our model suggests that an increase in the progressivity of the tax system induces a smaller response in real output to a change in the price level. This implies that increased income-tax progressivity reduces the equilibrium inflation rate and that the effect of increased income-tax progressivity on inflation is smaller when the central bank places a higher weight on inflation or when there is greater openness. Examination of cross-country inflation data provides ...


Frigida Like 2 Is A Functional Allele In Landsberg Erecta And Compensates For A Nonsense Allele Of Frigida Like 1, Michael Schläppi Dec 2006

Frigida Like 2 Is A Functional Allele In Landsberg Erecta And Compensates For A Nonsense Allele Of Frigida Like 1, Michael Schläppi

Biological Sciences Faculty Research and Publications

The Landsberg erecta (Ler) accession of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) has a weak allele of the floral inhibitor FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC). FLC-Ler is weakly up-regulated by the active San Feliu-2 (Sf2) allele of FRIGIDA (FRI-Sf2), resulting in a moderately late-flowering phenotype. By contrast, the Columbia (Col) allele of FLC is strongly up-regulated by FRI-Sf2, resulting in a very late-flowering phenotype. In Col, the FRI-related gene FRI LIKE 1 (FRL1) is required for FRI-mediated upregulation of FLC. It is shown here that in Ler, the FRL1-related gene FRI LIKE 2 (FRL2), but ...


Review Of "Faith, Reason And The Existence Of God" By Denys Turner, Philip J. Rossi Dec 2006

Review Of "Faith, Reason And The Existence Of God" By Denys Turner, Philip J. Rossi

Theology Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Openness, Centralized Wage Bargaining, And Inflation, Joseph P. Daniels, Farrokh Nourzad, David D. Vanhoose Dec 2006

Openness, Centralized Wage Bargaining, And Inflation, Joseph P. Daniels, Farrokh Nourzad, David D. Vanhoose

Economics Faculty Research and Publications

This paper develops a model of an open economy containing both sectors in which wages are market-determined and sectors with wage-setting arrangements. A portion of the latter group of sectors coordinate their wages, taking into account that their collective actions influence the equilibrium inflation outcome in an environment in which the central bank engages in discretionary monetary policymaking. Key predictions forthcoming from this model are (1) increased centralization of wage setting initially causes inflation to increase at low degrees of wage centralization but then, as wage centralization increases, results in an inflation drop-off; (2) a greater degree of centralized wage ...


Hope As A Source Of Resilience In Later Adulthood, Anthony D. Ong, Lisa Edwards, C. S. Bergeman Nov 2006

Hope As A Source Of Resilience In Later Adulthood, Anthony D. Ong, Lisa Edwards, C. S. Bergeman

College of Education Faculty Research and Publications

This research provided a preliminary investigation of how variations in trait and state hope are associated with positive adaptation to stress in later adulthood. Trait hope and neuroticism were measured by questionnaires and state hope, stress, and negative emotions were assessed daily for 45 days. Results from multilevel random coefficient modeling analyses suggested that daily hope provides protective benefits by keeping negative emotions low, while also contributing to adaptive recovery from stress. The dynamic linkages between daily hope, stress, and emotion were further moderated by individual differences in trait hope. Compared with those low in trait hope, high-hope individuals showed ...


Objectifying Anxieties: Scientific Ideologies In Bram Stoker’S Dracula And The Lair Of The White Worm, Diane Hoeveler Nov 2006

Objectifying Anxieties: Scientific Ideologies In Bram Stoker’S Dracula And The Lair Of The White Worm, Diane Hoeveler

English Faculty Research and Publications

Scientific ideologies swirl throughout Stoker’s two most gothic novels, Dracula (1897) and The Lair of the White Worm (1911), and this essay will address those ideologies as literary manifestations of just some of the “weird science” that was permeating late-nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century Europe. Specifically, the essay examines racial theories, physiognomy, criminology, brain science, and sexology as they appear in Stoker’s two novels. Stoker owned a copy Johann Caspar Lavater’s five-volume edition of Essays on Physiognomy (1789), and declared himself to be a “believer of the science” of physiognomy. The second major “weird science” infecting the gothic works ...


Race, Colorblindness, And Continental Philosophy, Michael Monahan Nov 2006

Race, Colorblindness, And Continental Philosophy, Michael Monahan

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

The "colorblind" society is often offered as a worthy ideal for individual interaction as well as public policy. The ethos of liberal democracy would seem indeed to demand that we comport ourselves in a manner completely indifferent to race (and class, and gender, and so on). But is this ideal of colorblindness capable of fulfillment? And whether it is or not, is it truly a worthy political goal? In order to address these questions, one must first explore the nature of "race" itself. Is it ultimately real, or merely an illusion? What kind of reality, if any, does it have ...


Ciceronian Business Ethics, Owen Goldin Nov 2006

Ciceronian Business Ethics, Owen Goldin

Philosophy Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Security In Pervasive Computing: Current Status And Open Issues, Munirul Haque, Sheikh Iqbal Ahamed Nov 2006

Security In Pervasive Computing: Current Status And Open Issues, Munirul Haque, Sheikh Iqbal Ahamed

Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science Faculty Research and Publications

Million of wireless device users are ever on the move, becoming more dependent on their PDAs, smart phones, and other handheld devices. With the advancement of pervasive computing, new and unique capabilities are available to aid mobile societies. The wireless nature of these devices has fostered a new era of mobility. Thousands of pervasive devices are able to arbitrarily join and leave a network, creating a nomadic environment known as a pervasive ad hoc network. However, mobile devices have vulnerabilities, and some are proving to be challenging. Security in pervasive computing is the most critical challenge. Security is needed to ...


Review Of Spanish Second Language Acquisition: State Of The Science By B. Lafford And R. Salaberry, Todd A. Hernandez Oct 2006

Review Of Spanish Second Language Acquisition: State Of The Science By B. Lafford And R. Salaberry, Todd A. Hernandez

Spanish Languages and Literatures Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Simulating The Maximum Domain Wall Speed In A Magnetic Nanowire, Andrew Kunz Oct 2006

Simulating The Maximum Domain Wall Speed In A Magnetic Nanowire, Andrew Kunz

Physics Faculty Research and Publications

The dynamics of domain wall motion in permalloy nanowires have been simulated utilizing the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert (LLG) equation of motion. The simulation results are presented in terms of the domain wall speed for ranges of the Gilbert damping parameter alpha and nanowire width. The maximum domain wall speed is independent of alpha. The speed of the domain wall can be increased by increasing the nanowire width, but this lowers the critical field. For applied fields below the critical field, the wall moves uniformly along the wire and the speed of the wall increases with increases in the driving field. This behavior ...


Researchers At The Gate: Factors Influencing Districts’ Right Of Entry Decisions, Steven A. Melnick, Bill Henk Oct 2006

Researchers At The Gate: Factors Influencing Districts’ Right Of Entry Decisions, Steven A. Melnick, Bill Henk

College of Education Faculty Research and Publications

Background: The No Child Left Behind legislation creates an increased need for new school-based empirical studies whose implementation will depend largely on researchers’ access to various school populations and records. Access decisions are typically made by superintendents, or their designees, functioning as gatekeepers who control right of entry. Understanding the factors driving these decisions could enhance the desirability of proposals and increase access rates for quantitative and qualitative researchers alike.

Purpose: The purpose of this research was to query districts about four key access factors including (a) researcher trustworthiness, (b) associated risks, (c) costs and benefits, and (d) potential contribution ...


Problematizing The Pursuit Of Social Justice Education, Martin Scanlan Oct 2006

Problematizing The Pursuit Of Social Justice Education, Martin Scanlan

College of Education Faculty Research and Publications

Leadership for social justice embraces diversity, promotes inclusivity, and transforms relationships between schools and communities (Riehl, 2000). Though calls for such leadership abound (Bates, 2006; Blackmore, 2002; Cambron-McCabe & McCarthy, 2005; Larson & Murtadha, 2002; Marshall & Oliva, 2006b), the intricacies and inconsistencies of this pursuit are less frequently subjected to case study analysis. Drawn from a multicase study of schools serving traditionally marginalized students (Scanlan, 2005), this article examines how leadership efforts toward social justice can paradoxically lead to truncated manifestations of this goal. The implications of the original study suggest that school leaders need to problematize – not essentialize – their pursuit of social justice.


Therapists-In-Training Who Experience A Client Suicide: Implications For Supervision, Sarah Knox, Alan Burkard, Julie A. Jackson, April M. Schaack, Shirley A. Hess Oct 2006

Therapists-In-Training Who Experience A Client Suicide: Implications For Supervision, Sarah Knox, Alan Burkard, Julie A. Jackson, April M. Schaack, Shirley A. Hess

College of Education Faculty Research and Publications

Client suicide is often an extraordinarily painful process for clinicians, especially those still in training. Given their training status, supervisees may look to their graduate programs and supervisors for guidance and support when such an event occurs. This study qualitatively examined the experiences of 13 prelicensure doctoral supervisees regarding their client's suicide. Findings suggest that these supervisees received minimal graduate training about suicide and that support from others, including supervisors, helped them cope with their client's death. Supervisors are advised to normalize and process supervisees' experiences of client suicide. Implications for training and practice are discussed.


Probing The Reaction Mechanism Of The D-Ala-D-Ala Dipeptidase, Vanx, By Using Stopped-Flow Kinetic And Rapid-Freeze Quench Epr Studies On The Co(Ii)-Substituted Enzyme, Megan L. Matthews, Gopalraj Periyannan, Christine E. Hajdin, Tara K. Sidgel, Brian Bennett, Michael W. Crowder Oct 2006

Probing The Reaction Mechanism Of The D-Ala-D-Ala Dipeptidase, Vanx, By Using Stopped-Flow Kinetic And Rapid-Freeze Quench Epr Studies On The Co(Ii)-Substituted Enzyme, Megan L. Matthews, Gopalraj Periyannan, Christine E. Hajdin, Tara K. Sidgel, Brian Bennett, Michael W. Crowder

Physics Faculty Research and Publications

In an effort to probe the reaction mechanism of VanX, the D-ala-D-ala dipeptidase required for high-level vancomycin resistance in bacteria, stopped-flow kinetic and rapid-freeze quench EPR studies were conducted on the Co(II)-substituted enzyme when reacted with d-ala-d-ala. The intensity of the Co(II) ligand field band at 550 nm decreased (ε550 = 140 to 18 M-1 cm-1) when VanX was reacted with substrate, suggesting that the coordination number of the metal increases from 5 to 6 upon substrate binding. The stopped-flow trace was fitted to a kinetic mechanism that suggests the presence of an intermediate whose ...


Tests Of Graphic Visuals And Cigarette Package Warning Combinations: Implications For The Framework Convention On Tobacco Control, Jeremy Kees, Scot Burton, J. Craig Andrews, John Kozup Oct 2006

Tests Of Graphic Visuals And Cigarette Package Warning Combinations: Implications For The Framework Convention On Tobacco Control, Jeremy Kees, Scot Burton, J. Craig Andrews, John Kozup

Marketing Faculty Research and Publications

The World Health Organization recently adopted the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, a groundbreaking public health treaty that will require that warning information in the form of text, pictures, or a combination of these two forms cover at least 30% of the front and back of cigarette packages. In three studies using smokers from the United States and Canada, the authors examine the effects of specific graphic visuals in the context of current U.S. verbal warnings. The findings indicate that including both graphic visual warnings, such as those used in Canada, and warning statements currently used in the United ...


Demagoguery, Democratic Dissent, And "Re-Visioning" Democracy, Steven R. Goldzwig Oct 2006

Demagoguery, Democratic Dissent, And "Re-Visioning" Democracy, Steven R. Goldzwig

College of Communication Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Measuring Responses To Commercials: A Projective-Elicitation Approach, Lawrence Soley Oct 2006

Measuring Responses To Commercials: A Projective-Elicitation Approach, Lawrence Soley

College of Communication Faculty Research and Publications

Photoelicitation and projective assessment are research methods derived from visual sociology and psychoanalysis respectively. This study combined the methods by having respondents view a commercial, and then showing them one of two versions of a projective drawing showing a lone or a male-accompanied woman sitting on a couch. Respondents were told that the woman in the drawing had just seen the commercial and were asked about what the woman was thinking. The results show that a paper-and-pencil attitude measure correlated moderately with the visually-primed responses, but the visually-primed responses included psychoanalytically-predicted reactions such as denial and displacement and were dependent ...


Review Of Can God And Caesar Coexist? Balancing Religious Freedom And International Law, Steven R. Goldzwig Oct 2006

Review Of Can God And Caesar Coexist? Balancing Religious Freedom And International Law, Steven R. Goldzwig

College of Communication Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


W.E.B. Du Bois's Unamerican End, Jodi Melamed Oct 2006

W.E.B. Du Bois's Unamerican End, Jodi Melamed

English Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Review [Of Writing Across Borders], Beth Godbee, Kate Vieira Oct 2006

Review [Of Writing Across Borders], Beth Godbee, Kate Vieira

English Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Age-Related Functional Recruitment For Famous Name Recognition: An Event-Related Fmri Study, Kristy A. Nielson, Kelli Douville, Michael Seidenberg, John L. Woodard, Sarah K. Miller, Malgorzata Franczak, Piero Antuono, Stephen M. Rao Oct 2006

Age-Related Functional Recruitment For Famous Name Recognition: An Event-Related Fmri Study, Kristy A. Nielson, Kelli Douville, Michael Seidenberg, John L. Woodard, Sarah K. Miller, Malgorzata Franczak, Piero Antuono, Stephen M. Rao

Psychology Faculty Research and Publications

Recent neuroimaging research shows that older adults exhibit recruitment, or increased activation on various cognitive tasks. The current study evaluated whether a similar pattern also occurs in semantic memory by evaluating age-related differences during recognition of Recent (since the 1990s) and Enduring (1950s to present) famous names. Fifteen healthy older and 15 healthy younger adults performed the name recognition task with a high and comparable degree of accuracy, although older adults had slower reaction time in response to Recent famous names. Event-related functional MRI showed extensive networks of activation in the two groups including posterior cingulate, right hippocampus, temporal lobe ...