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Aluminum

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Removing Aluminum From Solution Using Chelating Compounds And Immobilized Tethered Chelators, Robert A. Yokel, Wesley R. Harris, Christopher D. Spilling, Chang-Guo Zhan May 2018

Removing Aluminum From Solution Using Chelating Compounds And Immobilized Tethered Chelators, Robert A. Yokel, Wesley R. Harris, Christopher D. Spilling, Chang-Guo Zhan

Christopher Spilling

Methods are described for removing aluminum from a solution using novel di- and tripodal compounds as chelators.


Flow-Through Filter To Remove Aluminum From Medical Solutions, Robert A. Yokel, Wesley R. Harris, Christopher D. Spilling, Robert Joseph Kuhn, Vasiliy Paul Abramov, Jason Matthew Lone May 2018

Flow-Through Filter To Remove Aluminum From Medical Solutions, Robert A. Yokel, Wesley R. Harris, Christopher D. Spilling, Robert Joseph Kuhn, Vasiliy Paul Abramov, Jason Matthew Lone

Christopher Spilling

A flow through filter assembly includes a trivalent and tetravalent metal ion capturing agent and a flow controller providing a predetermined flow rate which allows capture of the trivalent and tetravalent metal ions by the capturing agent.


In Situ Formation Of Substrate Release Mechanisms For Gas Metal Arc Weld Metal 3-D Printing, Amberlee S. Haselhuhn, Bas Wijnen, Gerald C. Anzalone, Paul G. Sanders, Joshua M. Pearce May 2017

In Situ Formation Of Substrate Release Mechanisms For Gas Metal Arc Weld Metal 3-D Printing, Amberlee S. Haselhuhn, Bas Wijnen, Gerald C. Anzalone, Paul G. Sanders, Joshua M. Pearce

Paul Sanders

This study provides an in-depth investigation into low-cost and no-cost substrate release mechanisms that allow gas metal arc weld 3-D printed ER4043 aluminum and ER70S-6 steel parts to be removed from a reusable print substrate with minimal energy. Aluminum oxide, boron nitride, and titanium nitride coatings were evaluated as possible substrate release agents for aluminum printing. Additionally, the in situ formation of substrate release agents such as intermetallics and oxides were tested for both aluminum and steel printing. Testing was performed with a modified Charpy impact tester to remove 3-D printed metal parts from an 1100 aluminum or A36 low ...


In Situ Formation Of Substrate Release Mechanisms For Gas Metal Arc Weld Metal 3-D Printing, Amberlee S. Haselhuhn, Bas Wijnen, Gerald C. Anzalone, Paul G. Sanders, Joshua M. Pearce Oct 2015

In Situ Formation Of Substrate Release Mechanisms For Gas Metal Arc Weld Metal 3-D Printing, Amberlee S. Haselhuhn, Bas Wijnen, Gerald C. Anzalone, Paul G. Sanders, Joshua M. Pearce

Joshua M. Pearce

This study provides an in-depth investigation into low-cost and no-cost substrate release mechanisms that allow gas metal arc weld 3-D printed ER4043 aluminum and ER70S-6 steel parts to be removed from a reusable print substrate with minimal energy. Aluminum oxide, boron nitride, and titanium nitride coatings were evaluated as possible substrate release agents for aluminum printing. Additionally, the in situ formation of substrate release agents such as intermetallics and oxides were tested for both aluminum and steel printing. Testing was performed with a modified Charpy impact tester to remove 3-D printed metal parts from an 1100 aluminum or A36 low ...


Combinatorial Investigation Of Magnetostriction In Fe-Fa And Fe-Ga-Al, Jason R. Hattrick-Simpers, Dwight Hunter, Corneliu M. Craciunescu, Kyu Sung Jang, Makoto Murakami, James Cullen, Manfred Wuttig, Ichiro Takeuchi, Samuel E. Lofland, Leonid Bendersky, Noble Woo, Robert Bruce Vandover, Toshiya Takahashi, Yasubumi Furuya Mar 2015

Combinatorial Investigation Of Magnetostriction In Fe-Fa And Fe-Ga-Al, Jason R. Hattrick-Simpers, Dwight Hunter, Corneliu M. Craciunescu, Kyu Sung Jang, Makoto Murakami, James Cullen, Manfred Wuttig, Ichiro Takeuchi, Samuel E. Lofland, Leonid Bendersky, Noble Woo, Robert Bruce Vandover, Toshiya Takahashi, Yasubumi Furuya

Jason R. Hattrick-Simpers

A high-throughput high-sensitivity optical technique for measuringmagnetostriction of thin-film composition-spread samples has been developed. It determines the magnetostriction by measuring the induced deflection of micromachined cantilever unimorph samples. Magnetostrictionmeasurements have been performed on as-deposited Fe–Ga and Fe–Ga–Al thin-film composition spreads. The thin-film Fe–Ga spreads display a similar compositional variation of magnetostriction as bulk. A previously undiscovered peak in magnetostriction at low Ga content was also observed and attributed to a maximum in the magnetocrystalline anisotropy. Magnetostrictive mapping of the Fe–Ga–Al ternary system reveals the possibility of substituting up to 8at.%Al in Fe70 ...


Development Of A Metal-Printing 3d Printer At The University Of North Dakota, Benjamin Kading, Michaela Kegley, Tiana Delzer, Jeremy Straub, Scott Kerlin Mar 2015

Development Of A Metal-Printing 3d Printer At The University Of North Dakota, Benjamin Kading, Michaela Kegley, Tiana Delzer, Jeremy Straub, Scott Kerlin

Jeremy Straub

Three-dimensional (3D) printing is being used for numerous applications: from consumer hobbies to the development of aircraft parts. However, inexpensive 3D printers have been constrained in material selection to plastic. These printer use the fused deposition modeling (FDM) method of printing, which is a relatively new technology that utilizes computer numerical control (CNC) techniques to deposit melted material at specific places. Other methods, for example, include laser sintering and stereolithography. With 3D printing, layers are stacked upon each other and via this compilation of layers, a 3D object is formed. Currently there are a variety of materials that can be ...


The Effects Of Patch Properties On The Debonding Behavior Of Patched Beam-Plates, Anette M. Karlsson Feb 2015

The Effects Of Patch Properties On The Debonding Behavior Of Patched Beam-Plates, Anette M. Karlsson

Anette M Karlsson

The debonding characteristics of patched structures are investigated in this study by means of an analytical model. In particular, the effects the lay-up sequence and edge tapering of a carbon-reinforced epoxy patch, as well as the beveling of an aluminum patch, have on the initiation, stability, and extent of the debonding are considered. The results presented show that both the degree of edge-tapering and the patch properties must be carefully selected in order to optimize the patched structure. It is also shown that when designing a patched system, it is important to model the correct boundary and load conditions to ...


Fuzzy Logic Based Model For Predicting Surface Roughness Of Machined Al-Si-Cu-Fe Die Casting Alloy Using Different Additives-Turning Jan 2015

Fuzzy Logic Based Model For Predicting Surface Roughness Of Machined Al-Si-Cu-Fe Die Casting Alloy Using Different Additives-Turning

Faculty of Engineering University of Malaya

This paper presents a fuzzy logic artificial intelligence technique for predicting the machining performance of Al-Si-Cu-Fe die casting alloy treated with different additives including strontium, bismuth and antimony to improve surface roughness. The Pareto-ANOVA optimization method was used to obtain the optimum parameter conditions for the machining process. Experiments were carried out using oblique dry CNC turning. The machining parameters of cutting speed, feed rate and depth of cut were optimized according to surface roughness values. The results indicated that a cutting speed of 250 m/min, a feed rate of 0.05 mm/rev, and a depth of cut ...


Influence Of Inner Surface Notch On Fatigue Crack Growth Characteristics Of Aluminum Alloy, Innovative Research Publications Irp India, Mahantesh. Matur, V. Krishnan, P. Dinesh Dec 2014

Influence Of Inner Surface Notch On Fatigue Crack Growth Characteristics Of Aluminum Alloy, Innovative Research Publications Irp India, Mahantesh. Matur, V. Krishnan, P. Dinesh

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

Effect of initial notch on the Fatigue crack growth of Aluminum 6061 specimen specified by ASTM is investigated. Growth rate obtained by experiment and numerical methods were compared. The values are in close agreement. The study shows the dependency of crack propagation on the stress intensity range of the Aluminum.


Differential Effects Of Canopy Trimming And Litter Deposition On Litterfall And Nutrient Dynamics In A Wet Subtropical Forest, Steven J. Hall, Whendee L. Silver, Grizelle González Nov 2014

Differential Effects Of Canopy Trimming And Litter Deposition On Litterfall And Nutrient Dynamics In A Wet Subtropical Forest, Steven J. Hall, Whendee L. Silver, Grizelle González

Steven J. Hall

Humid tropical forests have the highest rates of litterfall production globally, which fuels rapid nutrient recycling and high net ecosystem production. Severe storm events significantly alter patterns in litterfall mass and nutrient dynamics through a combination of canopy disturbance and litter deposition. In this study, we used a large-scale long-term manipulation experiment to explore the separate and combined effects of canopy trimming and litter deposition on litterfall rates and litter nutrient concentrations and content. The deposition of fine litter associated with the treatments was equivalent to more than two times the annual fine litterfall mass and nutrient content in control ...


Lead Exposure From Aluminum Cookware In Cameroon, Jeffrey D. Weidenhamer, Peter A. Lobunski, Gilbert Kuepouo, Rebecca W. Corbin, Perry Gottesfeld Oct 2014

Lead Exposure From Aluminum Cookware In Cameroon, Jeffrey D. Weidenhamer, Peter A. Lobunski, Gilbert Kuepouo, Rebecca W. Corbin, Perry Gottesfeld

Jeffrey D. Weidenhamer

Blood lead levels have decreased following the removal of lead from gasoline in most of the world. However, numerous recent studies provide evidence that elevated blood lead levels persist in many low and middle-income countries around the world at much higher prevalence than in the more developed countries. One potential source of lead exposure that has not been widely investigated is the leaching of lead from artisanal aluminum cookware, which is commonly used in the developing world. Twenty-nine samples of aluminum cookware and utensils manufactured by local artisans in Cameroon were collected and analyzed for their potential to release lead ...


Corrosion Of Magnesium And Aluminum In Palm Biodiesel: A Comparative Evaluation Aug 2013

Corrosion Of Magnesium And Aluminum In Palm Biodiesel: A Comparative Evaluation

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

The present study aims to investigate the comparative corrosion of light-weight metals such as aluminum and magnesium in palm biodiesel. Immersion test at room temperature was carried out for each metal for 1440 h. Sample characterization techniques employed include weight loss measurement, SEM (scanning electron microscope), XRD (X-ray diffraction), TAN (total acid number) and FTIR (Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy). Results showed that the corrosion rate of magnesium was much higher compared to that of aluminum. The surface morphology revealed a significant difference between the biodiesel exposed aluminum and magnesium specimens. Upon exposure to biodiesel, the magnesium surface was found to ...


Stress Enhanced Tio2 Nanowire Growth On Ti-6al-4v Particles By Thermal Oxidation Jan 2013

Stress Enhanced Tio2 Nanowire Growth On Ti-6al-4v Particles By Thermal Oxidation

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

Titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanowires were grown on Ti - 6wt% Al - 4wt% V (Ti64) particles by thermal oxidation. To investigate the effect of stress on nanowire growth, the particles were milled in a planetary ball mill prior to the thermal oxidation. Thermal oxidation of the Ti64 particles was carried out in a horizontal tube furnace in a controlled oxygen atmosphere in the temperature range of 700-900 °C. The oxygen concentration was varied from 20 ppm to 80 ppm in Ar atmosphere. Nanostructures were characterized by high resolution field emission scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction. TiO2 nanowires grew ...


The Wear Behavior Of Cross-Linked Uhmwpe Under Dry And Bovine Calf Serum-Lubricated Conditions Jan 2013

The Wear Behavior Of Cross-Linked Uhmwpe Under Dry And Bovine Calf Serum-Lubricated Conditions

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

The present study was performed to investigate the effects of gamma radiation on the wear behavior of unirradiated and irradiated ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) against Ti-6Al-4V under dry and lubricated conditions at different applied loads. The UHMWPE specimens were exposed directly to nominal doses of 0, 25, 40, 50, and 100 kGy. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) analysis of the worn surface of UHMWPE and Ti-6Al-4V was performed to understand the mechanism of wear involved between the contact surfaces during wear testing. From the wear test results, there were significant differences between the wear of unirradiated UHMWPE and UHMWPE irradiated at 25 ...


The Wear Behavior Of Cross-Linked Uhmwpe Under Dry And Bovine Calf Serum-Lubricated Conditions Dec 2012

The Wear Behavior Of Cross-Linked Uhmwpe Under Dry And Bovine Calf Serum-Lubricated Conditions

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

The present study was performed to investigate the effects of gamma radiation on the wear behavior of unirradiated and irradiated ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) against Ti-6Al-4V under dry and lubricated conditions at different applied loads. The UHMWPE specimens were exposed directly to nominal doses of 0, 25, 40, 50, and 100 kGy. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) analysis of the worn surface of UHMWPE and Ti-6Al-4V was performed to understand the mechanism of wear involved between the contact surfaces during wear testing. From the wear test results, there were significant differences between the wear of unirradiated UHMWPE and UHMWPE irradiated at 25 ...


Degradation Of Automotive Materials In Palm Biodiesel Apr 2012

Degradation Of Automotive Materials In Palm Biodiesel

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

As compared to petroleum diesel, biodiesel is more corrosive for automotive materials. Studies on the characterization of corrosion products of fuel exposed automotive materials are scarce. Automotive fuel system and engine components are made from different ferrous and non-ferrous materials. The present study aims to investigate the corrosion products of different types of automotive materials such as copper, brass, aluminum and cast iron upon exposure to diesel and palm biodiesel. Changes in fuel properties due to exposure of different materials were also examined. Degradation of metal surface was characterized by digital camera, SEM/EDS and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Fuel properties ...


Die Attach Properties Of Zn-Al-Mg-Ga Based High-Temperature Lead-Free Solder On Cu Lead-Frame Jan 2012

Die Attach Properties Of Zn-Al-Mg-Ga Based High-Temperature Lead-Free Solder On Cu Lead-Frame

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

No abstract provided.


Comparative Corrosive Characteristics Of Petroleum Diesel And Palm Biodiesel For Automotive Materials Oct 2010

Comparative Corrosive Characteristics Of Petroleum Diesel And Palm Biodiesel For Automotive Materials

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

Corrosive characteristics of biodiesel are important for long term durability of engine parts. The present study aims to compare the corrosion behavior of aluminum, copper and stainless steel in both petroleum diesel and palm biodiesel. Immersion tests in biodiesel (B100) and diesel (B0) were carried out at 80 °C for 1200 h. At the end of the test, corrosion characteristic was investigated by weight loss measurements and changes on the exposed metal surface. Surface morphology was examined by optical microscope and scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray analysis (SEM/EDS). Fuels were analyzed by using TAN analyzer, FTIR, GCMS ...


Aluminum. History & Metallurgy, Fathi Habashi Feb 2008

Aluminum. History & Metallurgy, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

The present volume is a collection of some papers published by the author during the period 1993 – 2008. They are reproduced here in facsimile edition arranged under the headings: The Pioneers, Metallurgy, and Selected Topics. In the last section a paper on the position of aluminum in the Periodic Table is included another on gallium since it is mainly produced as a by-product of the aluminum industry, and the history of aluminum as illustrated on postage stamps. Also included are selected chapters on the chemistry of aluminum and some of its compounds. The collection gives a rapid and fully illustrated ...


Zsm-5 Coatings On β-Sic Monoliths: Possible New Structured Catalyst For The Methanol-To-Olefins Process, B. Madani, S. Ivanova, B. Louis, Jean-Philippe Tessonnier, M. J. Ledoux, C. Pham-Huu Jan 2007

Zsm-5 Coatings On β-Sic Monoliths: Possible New Structured Catalyst For The Methanol-To-Olefins Process, B. Madani, S. Ivanova, B. Louis, Jean-Philippe Tessonnier, M. J. Ledoux, C. Pham-Huu

Jean-Philippe Tessonnier

Structured zeolite/silicon carbide composites were succesfully synthesized by ZSM-5 coatings deposited on macroscopic â-SiC foams with medium surface area. A homogeneous coverage of the support (30 wt % zeolite) by ZSM-5 crystals, having 1 ím average size, was reached after a double-coating procedure. The ZSM-5/â-SiC composite materials were characterized by BET, XRD, SEM, and H/D exchange methods. 27Al MAS NMR analysis revealed that all aluminum was present in a tetrahedral coordination, thus sitting in the zeolite framework. The existence of a nanoscopic layer of silica and silicon oxycarbide on the surface of the support ensures the strong anchoring ...


Generalized Planar Fault Energies And Twinning In Cu–Al Alloys, S. Kibey, J. B. Liu, Duane D. Johnson, H. Sehitoglu Jan 2006

Generalized Planar Fault Energies And Twinning In Cu–Al Alloys, S. Kibey, J. B. Liu, Duane D. Johnson, H. Sehitoglu

Duane D. Johnson

We report ab initio density functional theory calculations of generalized planar fault energies of fcc Cu–xAl (x=0, 5.0, and 8.3at.%) alloys. We investigate the effects of substitutional solute Al on the unstable intrinsic γus and twin γutstacking faultenergies (SFEs). Our results reveal an increased tendency of Cu–Al to deform preferentially by twinning with increasing Al content, consistent with experiment. We attribute this mechanical behavior to appreciable lowering of the twinning barrier γut, along with the stable intrinsic and twin SFEs.


A Spatially Explicit Model Of The Wild Hog For Ecological Risk Assessment Activities At The Department Of Energy's Savannah River Site, Karen F. Gaines, Dwayne E. Porter, Tracy Punshon, I. Lehr Brisbin Jr. Jan 2005

A Spatially Explicit Model Of The Wild Hog For Ecological Risk Assessment Activities At The Department Of Energy's Savannah River Site, Karen F. Gaines, Dwayne E. Porter, Tracy Punshon, I. Lehr Brisbin Jr.

Karen F. Gaines

In North America, wild hogs (Sus scrofa) are both sought after as prime game and despised due to their detrimental impacts to the environment from their digging and rooting behavior. They are also a potentially useful indicator species for environmental health for both ecological- and human-based risk assessments. An inductive approach was used to develop probabilistic resource selection models using logistic regression to quantify the likelihood of hogs being in any area of the Department of Energy’s 805 km2 Savannah River Site (SRS) in west-central South Carolina. These models were derived by using available SRS hog hunt data from ...


A Comparative Wear Study On Heat-Treated Aluminium-Lithium Alloy And Pure Aluminium Jan 1999

A Comparative Wear Study On Heat-Treated Aluminium-Lithium Alloy And Pure Aluminium

A.S. Md Abdul Haseeb

Wear behaviour of solution-treated and aged aluminium-lithium alloy (2.5% Li, 2% Cu, 1% Mg and 0.15% Zr) was compared with that of pure aluminium. Wear tests were carried out in ambient air in a pin-on-disc type apparatus under dry sliding conditions using hardened steel disc as the counterbody. A normal load of 10 N and a linear speed of 0.98 m s-1 were used during the tests. Microscopic investigation, microhardness measurement on the subsurface of wear scars on pins, X-ray diffraction study and morphological examination of wear debris were done to elucidate wear mechanism. It has been ...


Theory Of Thin-Skin Eddy-Current Interaction With Surface Cracks, Nicola Harfield, John R. Bowler Jan 1997

Theory Of Thin-Skin Eddy-Current Interaction With Surface Cracks, Nicola Harfield, John R. Bowler

Nicola Bowler

Eddy-current non-destructive evaluation is commonly performed at relatively high frequencies at which the skin depths are significantly smaller than the dimensions of a typical crack. A thin-skin analysis of eddy currents is presented in which the electromagnetic fields on the crack faces are described in terms of a potential which obeys a two-dimensional Laplace equation. Solutions of this equation for defects in both magnetic and non-magnetic materials are determined by applying thin-skin boundary conditions at the crack perimeter. The impedance change of an eddy-current coil due to the defect is then calculated by numerical evaluation of one-dimensional integrals over the ...


Aluminum And Its Position In The Periodic Table, Fathi Habashi Oct 1994

Aluminum And Its Position In The Periodic Table, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Aluminum seems to be misplaced in the Periodic Table. It is usually put below boron, a metalloid with which it has nothing in common. Aluminum should be transferred above scandium so that, together with the alkali metals and the alkaline earths metals, these metals represent the typical metals with related properties and electronic configuration.