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Neonicotinoids In U.S. Maize: Insecticide Substitution Effects And Environmental Risk, Edward D. Perry, Giancarlo Moschini May 2019

Neonicotinoids In U.S. Maize: Insecticide Substitution Effects And Environmental Risk, Edward D. Perry, Giancarlo Moschini

CARD Working Papers

This study exploits a novel dataset containing more than 89,000 farm-level surveys over a 17-year period to investigate how neonicotinoid seed treatments in maize, now ubiquitous, have affected the use of other insecticides. Neonicotinoid insecticides are the most used class of insecticides in the world, but they are controversial because of their high toxicity to honeybees. In the United States, maize production accounts for the majority of neonicotinoid use, mostly as seed treatments. We find that neonicotinoids substituted for other major insecticides: plots planted with neonicotinoid- treated seeds were 52% and 47% less likely to be treated with a ...


Product Concentration And Usage: Behavioral Effects In The Glyphosate Market, Edward D. Perry, David A. Hennessy, Giancarlo Moschini Jan 2019

Product Concentration And Usage: Behavioral Effects In The Glyphosate Market, Edward D. Perry, David A. Hennessy, Giancarlo Moschini

CARD Working Papers

People often ignore or misunderstand information that would help them make better decisions. For products that differ by concentration level, a critical choice concerns the correct dosage rate. We study the effects of changing glyphosate product concentration levels on farmers’ glyphosate usage behavior. Glyphosate is the world’s most widely used herbicide. After glyphosate went off patent in 2000, product variants with higher concentration levels entered the market. Using detailed farmlevel glyphosate use data in U.S. corn and soybeans over the period 1998-2011, we estimate the impact of product concentration levels on glyphosate application rates. We control for prices ...


Firm Internal Network, Environmental Regulation, And Plant Death, Jingbo Cui, Giancarlo Moschini Oct 2018

Firm Internal Network, Environmental Regulation, And Plant Death, Jingbo Cui, Giancarlo Moschini

CARD Working Papers

This paper examines the role of a firm’s internal network in determining plant shutdown decisions in response to environmental regulations. Using unique plant-level data for U.S. manufacturing industries from 1990 to 2008, we find evidence that, in response to increasingly stringent environmental regulations at the county level, multi-plant firms do exercise their greater flexibility in adjusting production, relative to single-plant firms. Specifically, in regulated counties, the likelihood of a plant shutting down is higher for multi-plant firms. Moreover, we measure the firm internal network effect at the local, neighborhood, and the wider-area levels, as defined by the number ...


Land Quality Perceptions In Expert Opinion Surveys: Evidence From Iowa, Wendong Zhang, Michael D. Duffy Jan 2017

Land Quality Perceptions In Expert Opinion Surveys: Evidence From Iowa, Wendong Zhang, Michael D. Duffy

CARD Working Papers

While many opinion-based surveys ask land values for different land quality classes, little is known how survey respondents perceive the land quality. Using the 2015 Iowa Land Value Survey, this article examines how respondents perceive land quality in their responses to land value questions. Our results show agricultural professionals seem to perceive land quality with respect to specific regions, and high, medium and low land quality should be interpreted locally within a crop reporting district. This case study suggests that it is difficult to generalize uniform yield or soil productivity index ranges for land quality questions in all opinion-based surveys.


Intellectual Property Rights And The Ascent Of Proprietary Innovation In Agriculture, Matthew S. Clancy, Giancarlo Moschini Jan 2017

Intellectual Property Rights And The Ascent Of Proprietary Innovation In Agriculture, Matthew S. Clancy, Giancarlo Moschini

CARD Working Papers

Biological innovations in agriculture did not enjoy protection by formal intellectual property rights (IPRs) for a long time, but the recent trend has been one of considerable broadening and strengthening of these rights. We document the nature of these IPRs and their evolution, and provide an assessment of their impacts on innovation. We integrate elements of the institutional history of plant IPRs with a discussion of the relevant economic theory and a review of applicable empirical evidence. Throughout, we highlight how the experience of biological innovation mirrors, or differs from, the broader literature on IPRs and innovation. We conclude with ...


Heterogeneous Preferences For Water Quality Attributes: A Discrete Choice Experiment Of Lake Erie Recreational Anglers, Wendong Zhang, Brent L. Sohngen Jan 2017

Heterogeneous Preferences For Water Quality Attributes: A Discrete Choice Experiment Of Lake Erie Recreational Anglers, Wendong Zhang, Brent L. Sohngen

CARD Working Papers

In 2011, Lake Erie experienced a record-setting harmful algal bloom (HAB), posing significant risks to ecosystem services, including its $1.5 billion sport fishing industry. Using a mail survey of 3,000 Ohio recreational anglers and a choice experiment, this article provides the first empirical evidence in the US to link HABs to damages to Great Lakes recreational anglers. We account for the heterogeneity in anglers’ preferences using various discrete choice models, including random parameters logit, latent class model, scaled logit, and generalized multinomial logit models. The results suggest that some anglers have stronger preferences for reducing the impacts of ...


Consequences Of The Clean Water Act And The Demand For Water Quality, David A. Keiser, Joseph S. Shapiro Jan 2017

Consequences Of The Clean Water Act And The Demand For Water Quality, David A. Keiser, Joseph S. Shapiro

CARD Working Papers

Since the 1972 U.S. Clean Water Act, government and industry have invested over $1 trillion to abate water pollution, or $100 per person-year. Over half of U.S. stream and river miles, however, still violate pollution standards. We use the most comprehensive set of files ever compiled on water pollution and its determinants, including 50 million pollution readings from 170,000 monitoring sites, to study water pollution's trends, causes, and welfare consequences. We have three main findings. First, water pollution concentrations have fallen substantially since 1972, though were declining at faster rates before then. Second, the Clean Water ...


Fuel Subsidy Pass-Through And Market Structure: Evidence From The Renewable Fuel Standard, Gabriel E. Lade, James Bushnell Dec 2016

Fuel Subsidy Pass-Through And Market Structure: Evidence From The Renewable Fuel Standard, Gabriel E. Lade, James Bushnell

CARD Working Papers

The Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) is among the largest renewable energy mandates in the world. The policy is enforced using tradeable credits that implicitly subsidize biofuels and tax fossil fuels. The RFS relies on these taxes and subsidies to be passed through to consumers to stimulate demand for biofuels and decrease demand for gasoline and diesel. Using station-level prices for E85 (a high-ethanol blend fuel) from over 450 retail fuel stations, we show that pass-through of the ethanol subsidy is, on average, complete. However, we find that full pass-through takes four to six weeks and that local market structure of ...


Estimating Willingness To Pay For E85 In The United States, Kenneth Liao, Sébastien Pouliot, Bruce A. Babcock Nov 2016

Estimating Willingness To Pay For E85 In The United States, Kenneth Liao, Sébastien Pouliot, Bruce A. Babcock

CARD Working Papers

Meeting US ethanol blending mandates proposed by the Environmental Protection Agency will require a substantial number of motorists with flex-fuel vehicles to switch from low ethanol-gasoline blends to high ethanol-gasoline blends. The lower the willingness to pay for high-ethanol blends, the greater the cost of complying with the proposed mandates. Existing estimates of the willingness to pay for high-ethanol blends use data from Brazil (where consumers have knowledge of and experience with high-ethanol blends), data generated when retail prices greatly favored low-ethanol blends, or stated data collected from mail and online surveys. To obtain more accurate estimates of US willingness ...


Economic Effects Of Standard-Like Nontariff Measures: Analytical And Methodological Dimensions, John Beghin, Bo Xiong Oct 2016

Economic Effects Of Standard-Like Nontariff Measures: Analytical And Methodological Dimensions, John Beghin, Bo Xiong

CARD Working Papers

We provide a selective review of the empirical international trade literature on nontariff measures (NTMs) acting like standards–the so-called technical measures under the MAST classification. This review focuses on analytical and methodological dimensions involved in evaluating these NTMs and their economic effects, and draws from established approaches to measure standard-like NTMs and rigorous models used to quantify their effects on trade and welfare. The quantification of technical measures and the assessment of their effects are often entangled. We present each of these major approaches and methodologies with some formalism and details to help guide future investigations of technical measures ...


Ttip And Agricultural Trade: The Case Of Tariff Elimination And Pesticide Policy Cooperation, Bo Xiong, John C. Beghin Jun 2016

Ttip And Agricultural Trade: The Case Of Tariff Elimination And Pesticide Policy Cooperation, Bo Xiong, John C. Beghin

CARD Working Papers

A possible Trans-Atlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) agreement will further integrate agricultural markets between the United States and the European Union. The elimination of tariffs and cooperation on sanitary and phytosanitary measures will promote cross-Atlantic trade. We empirically estimate the impacts of tariffs and Maximum Residue Limits (MRLs) on trade in plant products between the two partners. Furthermore, we simulate trade expansions under plausible negotiation outcomes. We find that a TTIP agreement promotes cross-Atlantic trade in plant products, in both directions, by over 60% if tariffs are removed and MRLs are mutually recognized or harmonized to Codex levels.


Assessing Food Security In Ethiopia With Usda Ers’S New Food Security Modeling Approach, Karen Thome, Birgit Meade, Stacey Rosen, John C. Beghin Jun 2016

Assessing Food Security In Ethiopia With Usda Ers’S New Food Security Modeling Approach, Karen Thome, Birgit Meade, Stacey Rosen, John C. Beghin

CARD Working Papers

Purpose: We analyze several dimensions of food security in Ethiopia, taking into account projected population growth, economic growth, and price information to estimate future food consumption by income decile. The analysis looks at the potential impact of large consumer price increases on food security metrics.

Methodology: We use USDA ERS’s new modeling framework for its annual International Food Security Assessment. The modeling approach captures economic behavior by making food demand systematically responsive to income and price changes—a demand specification wellgrounded in microeconomic foundations. The projected change in food consumption can be apportioned to population growth, income growth, and ...


Policy Shocks And Market-Based Regulations: Evidence From The Renewable Fuel Standard, Gabriel E. Lade, C.-Y. Cynthia Lin Lawell, Aaron Smith May 2016

Policy Shocks And Market-Based Regulations: Evidence From The Renewable Fuel Standard, Gabriel E. Lade, C.-Y. Cynthia Lin Lawell, Aaron Smith

CARD Working Papers

The Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) mandates large increases in U.S. biofuel consumption and is implemented using a market for tradable compliance credits, known as RINs. In early 2013, RIN prices soared, causing the regulator to propose reducing future mandates. We develop a dynamic model of RFS2 compliance to demonstrate how changes in expectations about future policy affect current compliance costs, and we use a market effciency test to demonstrate that RIN markets have behaved in accordance with our model. We then estimate empirically the effect of three “policy shocks” that reduced the expected mandates in 2013. The largest of ...


Willingness To Pay For Ethanol In Motor Fuel: Evidence From Revealed And Stated Preference For E85, Kenneth Liao, Sebastien Pouliot Mar 2016

Willingness To Pay For Ethanol In Motor Fuel: Evidence From Revealed And Stated Preference For E85, Kenneth Liao, Sebastien Pouliot

CARD Working Papers

This paper estimates the relative preferences of motorists for E10 and E85 in different regions of the United States. We conducted an intercept survey of motorists with flex-fuel vehicles at E85 fuel stations in Iowa, Colorado, Oklahoma, Arkansas and California. The information collected includes prices observed at fuel stations, fuel choices by flex motorists, and responses to a series of opinion questions about ethanol and gasoline. We also proposed a hypothetical scenario to each motorist where either the price of the fuel selected was increased or the price of the fuel not selected was decreased. We estimate fuel preferences first ...


Role Of Ethanol Plants In Dakotas Land Use Change: Incorporating Flexible Trends In The Difference-In-Difference Framework With Remotely-Sensed Data, Gaurav Arora, Peter T. Wolter, Hongli Feng, David A. Hennessy Mar 2016

Role Of Ethanol Plants In Dakotas Land Use Change: Incorporating Flexible Trends In The Difference-In-Difference Framework With Remotely-Sensed Data, Gaurav Arora, Peter T. Wolter, Hongli Feng, David A. Hennessy

CARD Working Papers

The focus of this study is the Dakotas’ recent land use transitions from grass to corn and soybean cultivation. Recent literature has extensively characterized these land use changes and related concerns. However, formal analyses to understand the factors underlying these conversions are lacking. We study the role of Dakotas’ ethanol plants in these land use changes. We construct a spatially delineated dataset and implement a Difference-in-Difference (DID) model in conjunction with Propensity Score Matching to estimate the impact of a corn-based ethanol plant on nearby corn-acres. We hold the advent of an ethanol plant to be the treatment and estimate ...


Research Needs And Challenges In The Few System: Coupling Economic Models With Agronomic, Hydrologic, And Bioenergy Models For Sustainable Food, Energy, And Water Systems, Catherine L. Kling, Raymond W. Arritt, Gray Calhoun, David A. Keiser, John M. Antle, Jeffery G. Arnold, Miguel Carriquiry, Indrajeet Chaubey, Peter Christensen, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Philip Gassman, William Gutowski, Thomas W. Hertel, Gerritt Hoogenboom, Elena Irwin, Madhu Khanna, Pierre Mérel, Daniel J. Phaneuf, Andrew Plantinga, Stephen Polasky, Paul Preckel, Sergey Rabotyagov, Ivan Rudik, Silvia Secchi, Aaron Smith, Andrew Vanloocke, Calvin Wolter, Jinhua Zhao, Wendong Zhang Mar 2016

Research Needs And Challenges In The Few System: Coupling Economic Models With Agronomic, Hydrologic, And Bioenergy Models For Sustainable Food, Energy, And Water Systems, Catherine L. Kling, Raymond W. Arritt, Gray Calhoun, David A. Keiser, John M. Antle, Jeffery G. Arnold, Miguel Carriquiry, Indrajeet Chaubey, Peter Christensen, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Philip Gassman, William Gutowski, Thomas W. Hertel, Gerritt Hoogenboom, Elena Irwin, Madhu Khanna, Pierre Mérel, Daniel J. Phaneuf, Andrew Plantinga, Stephen Polasky, Paul Preckel, Sergey Rabotyagov, Ivan Rudik, Silvia Secchi, Aaron Smith, Andrew Vanloocke, Calvin Wolter, Jinhua Zhao, Wendong Zhang

CARD Working Papers

On October 12–13, a workshop funded by the National Science Foundation was held at Iowa State University in Ames, Iowa with a goal of identifying research needs related to coupled economic and biophysical models within the FEW system. Approximately 80 people attended the workshop with about half representing the social sciences (primarily economics) and the rest from the physical and natural sciences. The focus and attendees were chosen so that findings would be particularly relevant to SBE research needs while taking into account the critical connectivity needed between social sciences and other disciplines.

We have identified several major gaps ...


Economic Valuation Of Ecosystem Benefits From Conservation Practices Targeted In Iowa Nutrient Reduction Strategy 2013: A Non Market Valuation Approach, Mainul Hoque, Catherine L. Kling Mar 2016

Economic Valuation Of Ecosystem Benefits From Conservation Practices Targeted In Iowa Nutrient Reduction Strategy 2013: A Non Market Valuation Approach, Mainul Hoque, Catherine L. Kling

CARD Working Papers

With the aim of improving water quality, the Iowa Nutrient Reduction Strategy 2014 sets a goal of reducing agricultural non-point-source generated nitrogen load by 41 percent and phosphorus load by 29 percent in Iowa’s waterways. The “strategy” describes several land use that could achieve those reductions, such as widespread adoption of conservation practices in farming, land retirement, and wetland restoration that can meet the specified target reduction. The goal of the current study is to identify the range of ecosystem benefits resulting from the conservation practices associated with each of these scenarios and apply a nonmarket valuation method to ...


The Coffee-Food Security Interface For Subsistence Households In Jimma Zone Ethiopia, John C. Beghin, Yalem Teshome Jan 2016

The Coffee-Food Security Interface For Subsistence Households In Jimma Zone Ethiopia, John C. Beghin, Yalem Teshome

CARD Working Papers

We investigate food security in three villages in rural Ethiopia for smallholder farmers growing staple crops and coffee, and facing variable coffee and commercial input prices. The surveys were conducted in the coffee growing region of Oromia (Jimma Zone). Commercial input use among these smallholders remains sporadic, although most farmers use them occasionally. A major impediment to systematic usage is the price of these inputs. Policies lowering the unit cost and increasing the local availability of commercial inputs would be useful to systematically boost production and income generation. These smallholders rely on a major coffee cooperative to market their coffee ...


Trans-Pacific Partnership And Foreign Ag Subsidies, Dermot J. Hayes Nov 2015

Trans-Pacific Partnership And Foreign Ag Subsidies, Dermot J. Hayes

CARD Working Papers

Testimony before the House Committee on Agriculture


Land Use Change And Policy In Iowa’S Loess Hills, Gaurav Arora, Peter T. Wolter, David A. Hennessy, Hongli Feng Aug 2015

Land Use Change And Policy In Iowa’S Loess Hills, Gaurav Arora, Peter T. Wolter, David A. Hennessy, Hongli Feng

CARD Working Papers

We consider land use change in Iowa’s Loess Hills, which contain much of the state’s remaining prairie grassland. Although crop production has expanded on the landform since 2005, much of this expansion has been from soybean into corn with a clear trend toward more intensive corn rotations. Forest land has expanded in the area while we do not find evidence of extensive conversion to development. Data indicate that crop production has moved away from more heavily sloped land, but the increase in cropping does not appear to be occurring on land with high crop productivity.


Mandates And The Incentive For Environmental Innovation, Matthew S. Clancy, Giancarlo Moschini Jun 2015

Mandates And The Incentive For Environmental Innovation, Matthew S. Clancy, Giancarlo Moschini

CARD Working Papers

Mandates are policy tools that are becoming increasingly popular to promote renewable energy use. In addition to mitigating the pollution externality of conventional energy, mandates have the potential to promote R&D investments in renewable energy technology. But how well do mandates perform as innovation incentives? To address this question, we develop a partial equilibrium model with endogenous innovation to examine the R&D incentives induced by a mandate, and compare this policy to two benchmark situations: laissez-faire and a carbon tax. Innovation is stochastic and the model permits an endogenous number of multiple innovators. We find that mandates can ...


Testing For Complementarity: Glyphosate Tolerant Soybeans And Conservation Tillage, Edward D. Perry, Giancarlo Moschini, David A. Hennessy Apr 2015

Testing For Complementarity: Glyphosate Tolerant Soybeans And Conservation Tillage, Edward D. Perry, Giancarlo Moschini, David A. Hennessy

CARD Working Papers

Many decisions in agriculture are made over combinations of inputs and/or practices that may be complements. The presence of complementarity among producer decisions can have deep implications for market outcomes and for the effectiveness of policies intended to influence them. Identifying complementarity relations, however, is a challenging pursuit. Drawing on recent methodological advances, in this paper we propose a new test for complementarity between glyphosate tolerant soybeans and conservation tillage that overcomes limitations of previous studies. Specifically, we develop a structural discrete choice framework of joint soybean-tillage adoption that explicitly models both complementarity and unobserved heterogeneity. The model is ...


Land Resilience And Tail Dependence Among Crop Yield Distributions, Xiaodong Du Apr 2015

Land Resilience And Tail Dependence Among Crop Yield Distributions, Xiaodong Du

CARD Working Papers

Rate setting procedures for United States crop yield and revenue insurance contracts employ methods that presume correlations to be state invariant. Whether this is true matters. If yield-yield correlations strengthen when crops are subject to widespread stress, then diversification opportunities for private insurers weaken when most needed, and an insurer’s portfolio of retained business may not be as diversified as standard statistics would suggest. For government outlays, such tail dependence will increase the transactions and political costs of reallocations from the general fund. In this paper we propose a simple model of yield correlations according to interactions between a ...


Non-Tariff Measures And Standards In Trade And Global Value Chains, John C. Beghin, Miet Maertens, Johan Swinnen Feb 2015

Non-Tariff Measures And Standards In Trade And Global Value Chains, John C. Beghin, Miet Maertens, Johan Swinnen

CARD Working Papers

Abstract: We assess the literature on public and private quality standards and their impact in food markets, international trade, and global supply chains. We focus on their effects on welfare, trade, industrial organization, and labor markets and with special attention to the North-South context. We also attempt to better characterize when these measures constitute protectionism, a complicate task. We look at studies investigating public and private standards and across various quantitative approaches and countries. These standards have complex effects. The evidence is mixed regarding standards as catalyst for or impediment against trade and development, reflecting the complexity of these effects ...


A Consistent Food Demand Framework For International Food Security Assessment, John C. Beghin, Birgit Meade, Stacey Rosen Feb 2015

A Consistent Food Demand Framework For International Food Security Assessment, John C. Beghin, Birgit Meade, Stacey Rosen

CARD Working Papers

We present a parsimonious demand modeling approach developed for the annual USDA-ERS International Food Security Assessment. The assessment focuses on chronic food insecurity. The approach incorporates price effects, food quality variation across income deciles, and consistent aggregation over income deciles and food qualities. The approach is based on a simple demand approach for four food categories. It relies on the existing sparse data available for the Assessment, complemented by own-price and income elasticities and available price data. Beyond consistent aggregation, the framework exhibits desirable characteristics: food quality is increasing with income; price and income responses become less sensitive with increasing ...


The Impact Of An Eu-Us Transatlantic Trade And Investment Partnership Agreement On Biofuel And Feedstock Markets, John C. Beghin, Jean-Christophe Bureau, Alexandre Gohin Nov 2014

The Impact Of An Eu-Us Transatlantic Trade And Investment Partnership Agreement On Biofuel And Feedstock Markets, John C. Beghin, Jean-Christophe Bureau, Alexandre Gohin

CARD Working Papers

We assess the impact of a potential TTIP bilateral free trade agreement on the EU and US bio-economies (feedstock, biofuels, by-products, and related competing crops) and major trade partners in these markets. The analysis develops a multi-market model that incorporates bilateral trade flows (US to EU, EU to US, and similarly with third countries) and is calibrated to OECD-FAO baseline for 2013–2022 to account for recent policy decisions. The major policy reforms from a TTIP involve tariff and TRQ liberalization and their direct contractionary impact on US sugar supply, EU biofuel production, and indirect negative effect on US HFCS ...


Assessing Cost-Effectiveness Of The Conservation Reserve Program And Its Interaction With Crop Insurance Subsidies, Ruiqing Miao, Hongli Feng, David A. Hennessy, Xiaodong Du Nov 2014

Assessing Cost-Effectiveness Of The Conservation Reserve Program And Its Interaction With Crop Insurance Subsidies, Ruiqing Miao, Hongli Feng, David A. Hennessy, Xiaodong Du

CARD Working Papers

Strong demand for agricultural commodities, high crop prices and pressure to reduce government budget deficits heighten the need for land retirement programs to be designed to maximize environmental benefits for any given budget outlay. The Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) is the largest land retirement program while the federal crop insurance program (FCIP) is the largest federal program supporting U.S. agriculture. We examine the environmental and budgetary implications of alternative CRP enrollment mechanisms in the context of the program’s interactions with FCIP. We demonstrate that the current CRP enrollment mechanism is inconsistent with cost-effective targeting. We also identify a ...


In Medio Stat Virtus: Coexistence Policies For Gm And Non-Gm Production In Spatial Equilibrium, Giancarlo Moschini Sep 2014

In Medio Stat Virtus: Coexistence Policies For Gm And Non-Gm Production In Spatial Equilibrium, Giancarlo Moschini

CARD Working Papers

This paper develops a spatial equilibrium model suitable to analyze the economic impacts of measures (such as isolation distances and buffer zones) meant to ensure coexistence between GM and non-GM crops. We show that policies that put the cost of such measures exclusively on GM producers lead to a competitive equilibrium that is biased against GM products (relative to the welfare maximizing allocation). Efficient allocation is restored if the cost of implementing coexistence measures is shared equally between adjacent GM and non-GM farms.


Impact Of Ethanol Mandates On Fuel Prices When Ethanol And Gasoline Are Imperfect Substitutes, Sebastien Pouliot, Bruce A. Babcock Sep 2014

Impact Of Ethanol Mandates On Fuel Prices When Ethanol And Gasoline Are Imperfect Substitutes, Sebastien Pouliot, Bruce A. Babcock

CARD Working Papers

Past studies that examine the impact of ethanol mandates on fuel prices make the assumption that ethanol and gasoline are perfect substitutes because they are both sources of energy in transportation fuels. These studies, however, have been of limited use in informing current policy debates because the short- to medium-run reality is one of strong regulatory and infrastructure rigidities that restrict how ethanol can be consumed in the United States. Our objective here is to improve understanding of how these rigidities change the findings of existing studies. We accomplish this by estimating the impacts of higher ethanol mandates using a ...


Time In Eating And Food Preparation Among Single Adults, Mark C. Senia, Helen H. Jensen, Oleksandr Zhylyevskyy Jun 2014

Time In Eating And Food Preparation Among Single Adults, Mark C. Senia, Helen H. Jensen, Oleksandr Zhylyevskyy

CARD Working Papers

We investigate factors affecting the duration of eating and food preparation among adults in single decision-maker households. Eating time is differentiated into primary and secondary eating time and further differentiated by location: at home vs. away from home. We construct a simple theoretical model, based on Becker’s household production approach, to motivate empirical equations for eating and food preparation time. Empirical analysis is performed using data from the 2006–2008 Eating and Health (EH) Module of the American Time Use Survey (ATUS). Higher food-at-home prices are found to be associated with more time in food preparation and primary eating ...