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Shizen Nōhō: Restoring The Relationship Between Food, Nature, And People In Japan, Katharine Graham 2019 Claremont Colleges

Shizen Nōhō: Restoring The Relationship Between Food, Nature, And People In Japan, Katharine Graham

Scripps Senior Theses

In Japan’s postwar era, agriculture has become highly industrialized, involving heavy machinery, chemical fertilizers, and pesticides, all in the name of “progress.” Through employing such practices, humans have attempted to improve upon nature’s way of doing things, and in turn have degraded the soil’s fertility, natural ecosystems, and human health. In response to this, Shizen Nōhō has emerged in Japan as an alternative way of cultivating food. Shizen Nōhō practitioners challenge the notion that we need chemical fertilizers, pesticides, and machinery to farm successfully. Rather, they advocate for a way of growing food that functions seamlessly with ...


Memory And Distance: On Nobuhiro Suwa's A Letter From Hiroshima, Jessica Fernanda Conejo Muñoz 2018 Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Memory And Distance: On Nobuhiro Suwa's A Letter From Hiroshima, Jessica Fernanda Conejo Muñoz

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

A Letter from Hiroshima is the second production directed by Nobuhiro Suwa on the Japanese city that was ravaged by the atomic bombings, by the United States, in 1945. The short film is a reflective game which approach to the past is based on distancing effects. The distance, understood in the sense of Brecht and counter cinema, is part of an experimental process that becomes a political technique of construction and decipherment of memory. Suwa’s work is opposed to the belief that history is something that can be narrated, since the approximation to the past is not carried out ...


Beginning Japanese For Professionals: Book 3, Emiko Konomi 2018 Portland State University

Beginning Japanese For Professionals: Book 3, Emiko Konomi

PDXOpen: Open Access Textbooks

This is the third book in a three book series and includes Lessons 9 - 10. The first book is available here: https://doi.org/10.15760/pdxopen-4 The second book is available here: https://doi.org/10.15760/pdxopen-14

This textbook is designed for beginning learners who want to learn basic Japanese for the purpose of living and working in Japan. Unlike textbooks written primarily for students, whose content largely centers on student life, this book focuses more on social and professional life beyond school.

As a beginning level textbook, this book includes many elementary grammar patterns (Japanese Language Proficiency ...


Tales Of Cherry Blossom Dreams, Kelly Dykstra 2018 Grand Valley State University

Tales Of Cherry Blossom Dreams, Kelly Dykstra

Honors Projects

I studied the writings of Female authors during the Heian era of Japan to write an original work imitating that style.


Stance-Taking: Jfl Learners And Benefactive Verbs, Kumiko Takizawa 2018 Portland State University

Stance-Taking: Jfl Learners And Benefactive Verbs, Kumiko Takizawa

Dissertations and Theses

This study explores how JFL learners take a benefactive stance in Japanese. As Jaffe (2009) observes, stance-taking "plays a complex role with respect to the naturalization of social and linguistic ideologies and the social structures they legitimate." The way in which language is used to take a stance always concerns the social context in which a speaker finds her/himself. In Japanese, benefactive verbs (kureru, ageru, morau and their honorific and humble equivalents) are indispensable stance indicators for showing gratitude or indebtedness. Such expressions do not really exist in English and their grammar is complex. It is assumed that JFL ...


How World Trade Centers, Jet And International Education Consider Cultural Dimensions When Facilitating Intercultural Communication With Japanese, John Bates Jr. 2018 University of Washington Tacoma

How World Trade Centers, Jet And International Education Consider Cultural Dimensions When Facilitating Intercultural Communication With Japanese, John Bates Jr.

Global Honors Theses

Abstract

Due to globalization, situations requiring intercultural communication skills such as cross-cultural business exchanges and foreign language teaching are more frequent and necessary. To provide a snapshot of how professionals currently practice intercultural communication, I researched how those from three case studies consider, intentionally or otherwise, cultural dimensions when interacting with those from Japan. Moreover, I speculated how these professionals and those in similar situations might be able to practice better intercultural communication skills. I preselected two interviewees from World Trade Centers, those that have taught in the Japan Exchange and Teaching program, (JET), and international education programs and performed ...


Towards A Beautiful Japan: Right-Wing Religious Nationalism In Japan's Ldp, Andrew Weiss 2018 Yale University

Towards A Beautiful Japan: Right-Wing Religious Nationalism In Japan's Ldp, Andrew Weiss

Student Work

A 2017-2018 William Prize for best essay in East Asian Studies was awarded to Andrew Weiss (Davenport College '18) for his essay submitted to the East Asian Studies Program, "Towards a Beautiful Japan: Right-Wing Religious Nationalism in Japan's LDP” (Frances Rosenbluth, Damon Wells Professor of Political Science, advisor).

Andrew Weiss, a double major in East Asian Studies and Global Affairs, spent several months of field work in Japan over the summer and winter of 2017 to understand the role of right-wing Shinto in the thinking and politics of the Liberal Democratic Party. Why is the LDP and Abe in ...


Currents Of Consumption: How National Narratives Of Japanese Cuisine Collide With Localized Forms Of Sushi In Northern California, John Ostermiller 2018 University of San Francisco

Currents Of Consumption: How National Narratives Of Japanese Cuisine Collide With Localized Forms Of Sushi In Northern California, John Ostermiller

Master's Projects and Capstones

This paper examines how national narratives of Japanese cuisine collide with the expectations, preferences, and perceptions of American consumers (particularly Northern California). The global economy has benefited the circulation of positive images of Japan managed by the Japanese government, but the commercialization of Japanese cuisine is also at odds with government efforts. In Japan, sushi is often synonymous with nigirizushi: sliced seafood and a daub of wasabi atop vinegared rice. As part of Japan’s washoku tradition, this singular image of sushi (allegedly) reflects the deepest essence of Japanese cultural sensibilities tied to simplicity, perfection, and nature. But in America ...


起死回生(Resuscitation): Japan's Search For Machines And Their Meanings, Justin McDonnell 2018 University of San Francisco

起死回生(Resuscitation): Japan's Search For Machines And Their Meanings, Justin Mcdonnell

Master's Projects and Capstones

Japan’s lost decade(s) ushered in a new era of economic and societal malaise, marked by a shrinking population, an increased proportion of elderly people, inequality, neo-nationalism(s), uncertainty, and isolation. This project seeks to understand how Japan is trying to address these issues and reconstruct itself from the lost decade(s) with the use of artificial intelligence (jinkou chihou) and robotics along with the societal implications of this technology. This interdisciplinary research utilizes innovative, historical narratives (Morris-Suzuki,1988, Hornyak 2006), and the socio-cultural milieu of Japan and its traditions (Allison 2013; Katsuno 2010) to further appreciate and acknowledge ...


Cultural Combinations In Japanese Art: The False Dichotomy Of Buddhism And Shintō, Danae Reaves-Bey Browne 2018 Bridgewater State University

Cultural Combinations In Japanese Art: The False Dichotomy Of Buddhism And Shintō, Danae Reaves-Bey Browne

Honors Program Theses and Projects

In the latter half of the nineteenth century, the Meiji regime (1868-1912) of Japan declared a mandatory separation of indigenous deities from Buddhist figures. The Meiji government sought to use indigenous rituals, instead of Buddhist rituals, to legitimize its power. It thus codified these beliefs as a national religion, today referred to as Shintō (神道), to emphasize their autonomy. Yet, in spite of its efforts to isolate these beliefs from all others, Japanese spirituality still bears traces of “extra-cultural” religious ideas. This is the result of a long history of religious syncretism (hybridity) in the region. An understanding of the ...


Gender And Spiritual Possession In The Tale Of Genji, Molly Phelps 2018 Bellarmine University

Gender And Spiritual Possession In The Tale Of Genji, Molly Phelps

Undergraduate Theses

This thesis looks at the relationship between gender and the supernatural in Murasaki Shikibu's The Tale of Genji. The goal is to show how Lady Rokujo uses spiritual powers to rebel against the sexual hierarchy of Heian Japan while not fully defying its sexism. This is supported by historical background of the Heian period, examples of the mistreatment of women in the novel, and close analysis of instances of Lady Rokujo's supernatural actions. This analysis shows there is a complicated background to the vengeful spirit trope that still haunts the global imagination.


The Not-So Noble Lie: The Militarization Of The Japanese Population Through Education, Kyle Cochran, Sydney Hackworth, Emily Johnson, Jennifer Likens, Megan Rohmann, John Ernst 2018 Morehead State University

The Not-So Noble Lie: The Militarization Of The Japanese Population Through Education, Kyle Cochran, Sydney Hackworth, Emily Johnson, Jennifer Likens, Megan Rohmann, John Ernst

Celebration of Student Scholarship Posters Archive

No abstract provided.


How Are Western Holidays Interpreted And Celebrated In Japan?: Christmas, Valentine's Day, Halloween, Aya Kaneko 2018 State University of New York at Stony Brook

How Are Western Holidays Interpreted And Celebrated In Japan?: Christmas, Valentine's Day, Halloween, Aya Kaneko

Asian & Asian American Studies Student Research Symposium

No abstract provided.


Healing And Trauma: Memories Of Children Survivors Of The 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake, Chikako Nakamura 2018 State University of New York at Stony Brook

Healing And Trauma: Memories Of Children Survivors Of The 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake, Chikako Nakamura

Asian & Asian American Studies Student Research Symposium

Over 1,700 children were orphaned by the March 11, 2011 earthquake and tsunami. The Great East Earthquake was one of the most catastrophic natural disasters ever to hit Japan and its damage was enormous and still continues today. Reconstruction Agency, a government agency, reported (2015) that 241 children under 18 lost both parents and 1537 children lost a parent in Iwate, Miyagi and Fukushima prefectures.


Modern-Day Hermits: The Significant Impacts Of Hikikomori And Other Social Groups In Japanese Society, Brian Kopycinski 2018 Kent State University

Modern-Day Hermits: The Significant Impacts Of Hikikomori And Other Social Groups In Japanese Society, Brian Kopycinski

Undergraduate Research Symposium

In the twenty-first century, Japan has become a highly mobilized, developed, and social country. This research brings attention to the social withdrawals in Japanese society. These social groups have chosen to live their alternative lifestyles for various reasons. Hikikomori are typically teenagers or young adults who are reclusive and isolate themselves, usually not leaving their homes for six months or longer. NEET is slang, based on the acronym that describes them, as a person who is not in education, employment or training. A parasite single is somebody that chooses to remain living with their parents as single adults, to maintain ...


Renewable Energy: A Solution To Japan’S Energy Crisis, Sunny Kwan 2018 Murray State University

Renewable Energy: A Solution To Japan’S Energy Crisis, Sunny Kwan

Scholars Week

As world population increases steadily, fossil fuel deposits around the world continue to be consumed; estimates state that all current known deposits will run dry by 2088. Fossil fuel consumption not only causes environmental pollution, but its resulting greenhouse gases accelerate global warming, leading to destructive changes in climate patterns and rising sea levels. On one hand, fossil fuels are an indispensable part of daily life, but they also cause irreversible damage to the environment. On the other hand, renewable energy sources are more expensive and less convenient to develop compared to fossil fuels, but they are a great alternative ...


Monstrous Maternity: Folkloric Expressions Of The Feminine In Images Of The Ubume, Michaela Leah Prostak 2018 Florida International University

Monstrous Maternity: Folkloric Expressions Of The Feminine In Images Of The Ubume, Michaela Leah Prostak

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The ubume is a ghost of Japanese folklore, once a living woman, who died during either pregnancy or childbirth. This thesis explores how the religious and secular developments of the ubume and related figures create a dichotomy of ideologies that both condemn and liberate women in their roles as mothers. Examples of literary and visual narratives of the ubume as well as the religious practices that were employed for maternity-related concerns are explored within their historical contexts in order to best understand what meaning they held for people at a given time and if that meaning has changed. These meanings ...


The Taiko Connection: Reclaiming History, Activating Equality, Tamiko Cavey 2018 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

The Taiko Connection: Reclaiming History, Activating Equality, Tamiko Cavey

History

Taiko drumming has been a Japanese cultural art form from as early as the fifth century. A taiko "boom" in which ensemble groups gained popularity took off in Japan post-WWII, and in the United States during the late 1960s-early 1970s amid the Asian American Civil Rights Movement. In discussing the historical experiences of the burakumin outcastes of Japan and Japanese Americans, this paper explores how taiko has been used as a form of social activism for these marginalized groups, and how this cultural reclamation facilitates the process of developing self-identity.


Kawabata And Cinema: The Ambivalence Of Knowledge, Medium, And Influence, Aaron Gerow 2018 Yale University

Kawabata And Cinema: The Ambivalence Of Knowledge, Medium, And Influence, Aaron Gerow

Aaron Gerow

Many researchers have considered the involvement of Kawabata Yasunari in cinema and the medium’s possible influence on his literature. Such approaches, however, tend to assume a definition of the motion pictures as visuality or montage that then influences Kawabata instead of first considering Kawabata’s own conception of cinema, his own film theory. By analyzing his writings on film, including his film criticism, short stories involving cinema, and his involvement in the film A Page of Madness, this paper outlines Kawabata’s conception of cinema and argues that he developed a portrait of cinema that posed it as a ...


Making Japan Great Again: Japan's Liberal Democratic Party As A Far Right Movement, Wesley Yee 2018 The University of San Francisco

Making Japan Great Again: Japan's Liberal Democratic Party As A Far Right Movement, Wesley Yee

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In recent years, far right-wing political parties have gained power around the world. Far-right movements build a populist, anti-establishment support base through the use of ethno-nationalism and xenophobic policies and slogans. This article applies the models and party frames used to study European far-right movements and applies them to the case of the Liberal Democratic Party of Japan (LDP), a party whose policies under prime ministers Junichiro Koizumi and Shinzo Abe have pushed the party from having a center-right stance to having more of a far-right nationalist and populist one. Using this framework I find that the LDP has utilized ...


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