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Mapping The Opal Score For Clinical Trials To Coordinator Hours: A Single Site Study, Kesley Tyson 2023 Medical University of South Carolina

Mapping The Opal Score For Clinical Trials To Coordinator Hours: A Single Site Study, Kesley Tyson

MUSC Theses and Dissertations

Workload assessments help provide validation to increase staff, evaluate and ensure equal distribution of work, and assist with budget justifications. The Ontario Protocol Assessment Level (OPAL) is one of the most widely used protocol assessment tools. This study mapped an adapted OPAL score for clinical trials to actual coordinator hours from a single site to determine if the adapted OPAL score could predict coordinator hours. The purpose was to project a more accurate capacity estimate when considering new studies. The Morehouse School of Medicine (MSM) clinical trials management system was queried for actively enrolling interventional studies with corresponding coordinator effort …


Understanding Quality Of Life In Patients With Acute Leukemia, A Global Survey, Zack Pemberton-Whiteley, Samantha Nier, Jan Geissler, Sophie Wintrich, Bregje Verhoeven, Rita O. Christensen, Sam Salek, Esther Natalie Oliva, Tatyana Ionova, Jennie Bradley 2023 Acute Leukemia Advocates Network; Leukaemia Care

Understanding Quality Of Life In Patients With Acute Leukemia, A Global Survey, Zack Pemberton-Whiteley, Samantha Nier, Jan Geissler, Sophie Wintrich, Bregje Verhoeven, Rita O. Christensen, Sam Salek, Esther Natalie Oliva, Tatyana Ionova, Jennie Bradley

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: The Acute Leukemia Advocates Network (ALAN) sought to determine which factors are most associated with poor quality of life (QoL) in patients with acute leukemia and to determine key issues and unmet needs through administration of an online survey distributed worldwide via partner patient organizations.

Methods: ALAN developed a questionnaire informed by literature review and based extensively on the hematological malignancy-specific patient-reported outcomes (HM-PRO) measure to assess the impact of acute leukemia on QoL and its relationships with patients’ demographics, disease state, disease impact, and support from health care professionals. Univariate and multivariable statistical analysis was used to investigate …


Instituting An Educational Module To Improve Knowledge Of Local Anesthetic Systemic Toxicity Among Anesthesia Providers, Alisha Marie Linehan, Chad Andrew McClure, Steven Taylor Moon, Shukhratilla Ibragimov Shamshitdinov, Julie Newton Bonom, Jason Michael Buehler 2023 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Instituting An Educational Module To Improve Knowledge Of Local Anesthetic Systemic Toxicity Among Anesthesia Providers, Alisha Marie Linehan, Chad Andrew Mcclure, Steven Taylor Moon, Shukhratilla Ibragimov Shamshitdinov, Julie Newton Bonom, Jason Michael Buehler

Graduate Publications and Other Selected Works - Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Local anesthetic use in the perioperative period is increasing in the United States as healthcare providers seek alternatives to opioid-based pain management. While increased use of local anesthetics has many benefits, their use also increases the risk of Local Anesthetic Systemic Toxicity (LAST), which is a serious and potentially life-threatening complication. A search of the literature indicates there is a considerable gap in knowledge of LAST among healthcare providers, including Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNAs) and anesthesia residents. This knowledge gap is combined with a lack of standardized approaches to identifying and treating this complication. Identifying and treating LAST is …


Intraoperative Dexmedetomidine Administration Effects On Postoperative Pain Scores And Opioid Medication Requirements: Pain Management Expectations Among Crnas, Dorilynn Nicol, Melissa Gheen, Matthew Bodine 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Intraoperative Dexmedetomidine Administration Effects On Postoperative Pain Scores And Opioid Medication Requirements: Pain Management Expectations Among Crnas, Dorilynn Nicol, Melissa Gheen, Matthew Bodine

Graduate Publications and Other Selected Works - Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Abstract

Opioid pain medications are currently viewed as a standard part of pain control in the vast majority of surgical procedures. However, opioid pain medications can have harmful effects on patients leading to increased length of hospital stay, unplanned readmission, and contribution to relapse or development of opioid use disorder. An opportunity for improved practice of pain management lies within opioid alternative pain medications such as dexmedetomidine. Evidence-based literature reviews have shown that dexmedetomidine has promise as an analgesic medication within the perioperative period with fewer harmful side effects. Barriers to more widespread use of this medication include staff unfamiliarity …


Dead End: Challenges In Healthcare Delivery To Older Adults With History Of Dementia And Incarceration- A Case Report, Shruti Anand, Saket Saxena 2022 Michigan State University/Spectrum Health Medical Group

Dead End: Challenges In Healthcare Delivery To Older Adults With History Of Dementia And Incarceration- A Case Report, Shruti Anand, Saket Saxena

Journal of Geriatric Emergency Medicine

No abstract provided.


Educating School Nurses To Improve Bowel Continence In Children With Spina Bifida, McKinley J. Waugh, Tracy L. Brewer, Lisa Wagoner 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Educating School Nurses To Improve Bowel Continence In Children With Spina Bifida, Mckinley J. Waugh, Tracy L. Brewer, Lisa Wagoner

Graduate Publications and Other Selected Works - Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Children born with spina bifida, a neural tube defect, can have associated loss of bowel control resulting in bowel incontinence. The National Patient Spina Bifida Registry found that 87% of those living with spina bifida had bowel incontinence, and less than 30% were bowel continent (Sawin et al., 2015; Wiener et al., 2017). Unfortunately, providers may never start a child living with spina bifida on a bowel management program. Evidence suggests that children with spina bifida should begin a bowel management program early, using a stepwise approach. School nurses, who interact with children living with spinal bifida while attending school, …


Empowering Nurses To Recognize Post-Stroke Depression In The African American Community, Deidra Frisbie, Robin Simon 2022 Southern Illinois University Edwardsville

Empowering Nurses To Recognize Post-Stroke Depression In The African American Community, Deidra Frisbie, Robin Simon

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

African Americans (AA) have the highest prevalence of stroke and death compared to other racial groups in the United States. Post-stroke depression (PSD) affects approximately 1/3 of all stroke patients and is underdiagnosed in the African American community.

Aim: By using a mHealth mobile app and a Psychiatry provider list at discharge, PSD can be identified, and interventions initiated, thus decreasing the sequela of PSD in AA.

Methods: Nurses were provided education on PSD, expressions of depression in African-Americans, cultural humility, implicit bias, and the importance of the nurse's role in developing a therapeutic relationship.

Results: Quantitative analysis revealed the …


Adverse Childhood Experiences Screening Among Adults In An Inpatient Behavioral Health Unit, Erika Y. Bales, Allyson Neal, Brittany McGill 2022 The University of Tennessee Knoxville

Adverse Childhood Experiences Screening Among Adults In An Inpatient Behavioral Health Unit, Erika Y. Bales, Allyson Neal, Brittany Mcgill

Graduate Publications and Other Selected Works - Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are common amongst people of all ages, races, and socio-economic statuses. The consequence of ACEs impact ones mental and physical health and life span. High ACE scores lead to increased risk of suicide, depression, anxiety, and substance abuse. The purpose of this project was to screen adults admitted to an inpatient psychiatric hospital for ACEs. This project sought to determine if there is a relationship between overall ACEs score and impact on health versus length of stay. Ultimately, the aim is to reduce negative health outcome for patients as measured by length of stay. The results …


Reducing The Risk Of Central Line Associated Blood Stream Infection With Chlorhexidine Gluconate Education, Scarlett Ocon 2022 The University of San Francisco

Reducing The Risk Of Central Line Associated Blood Stream Infection With Chlorhexidine Gluconate Education, Scarlett Ocon

Master's Projects and Capstones

Problem: A nosocomial central line-associated bloodstream infection is a preventable infection that is costly and potentially fatal. In order to combat bloodstream infections chlorhexidine gluconate wipes have been used as antiseptic. Medical surgical units do not have accessible CHG for bathing purposes. In addition, the staff lacks knowledge of how to use CHG wipes. The current standard bathing practice on this unit consists of using soap and water or disposable washcloths spontaneously without a predetermined time. The aim of this quality improvement project is to educate the registered nurses (RNs) and certified nurse assistants (CNAs) on the benefits of daily …


Sepsis Inservice And Video At An Urban Hospital In California, Angela T. Ho 2022 University of San Francisco

Sepsis Inservice And Video At An Urban Hospital In California, Angela T. Ho

Master's Projects and Capstones

The emergency department at an urban hospital in California was performing below institutional goals related to sepsis protocols over the past few months. This intervention was targeted at nurses and was composed of a PowerPoint in-service on compliance to SEP-1 protocols and follow-along video on using the correct sepsis order set and documentation in the electronic health record (EHR). Goals included increased compliance to the SEP-1 protocol and documentation, (2) reduced time between the onset of symptoms, recognition, and intervention, (3) decline in sepsis rates and mortality rates, and (4) lower cost of care. Data was collected from the EHR …


Screening For Maternal Postpartum Depression In The Pediatric Primary Care Setting: An Educational Project, Mischelle M. Young, Dr. Robert Cornette, Dr. Lisa Padgett 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Screening For Maternal Postpartum Depression In The Pediatric Primary Care Setting: An Educational Project, Mischelle M. Young, Dr. Robert Cornette, Dr. Lisa Padgett

Graduate Publications and Other Selected Works - Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Abstract

The birth of a baby can bring about an array of powerful emotions that range from joy and excitement to feelings of anxiety, worry, and depression. A majority of mothers experience postpartum baby blues which normally begins 2-3 days after delivery and can last for up to 2-3 weeks, but some mothers experience a more severe form known as postpartum depression (PPD). PPD can be mistaken for baby blues at first, but the signs and symptoms do not diminish and can continue to worsen. Postpartum depression signs and symptoms include withdrawing from friends and family, severe mood swings, excessive …


Innovating Cultural Competence Education For Nurses, Darian A. Frieson, Jennifer Patrick, Walker Ray Corless, Abigail Taylor Coulthard, Rebecca R. Fogerty 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Innovating Cultural Competence Education For Nurses, Darian A. Frieson, Jennifer Patrick, Walker Ray Corless, Abigail Taylor Coulthard, Rebecca R. Fogerty

Graduate Publications and Other Selected Works - Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Objective

To improve cultural competency levels of registered nurses on the Mother/Baby unit by educating nurses.

Background

Demographics are shifting in the U.S. with an increase in minority populations. Research has revealed insufficient education or a complete absence of education, resulting in nurses that are not equipped to adequately care for culturally diverse patients.

Methods

The Evidence-Based Practice Improvement (EBPI) Model guided the development and implementation of the project. A cultural competence education module was developed utilizing resources from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Outcomes were measured using a pretest/posttest design tool, the Inventory for Assessing the …


Virtual Reality For Pediatric Pain Management, Leonard Paulo 2022 Roseman University of Health Sciences

Virtual Reality For Pediatric Pain Management, Leonard Paulo

Master of Science in Nursing Family Nurse Practitioner

Abstract: It is well-studied that inadequate pain management is detrimental to the pediatric population because inadequate pain management can lead to noncompliance when pertaining to needle sticks that can carry into adulthood, one out of four adults is estimated to have a fear of needles which often develops in childhood. Evidence-based practice report that the use of distraction is a simple and efficient method to minimize the trauma that some children feel when getting immunization or venipuncture. Under the lens of pain gate theory and capacity theory, Virtual Reality has been studied and shown to minimize pain. VR is …


Coping With Congenital Heart Disease: Implementation Of An Evidence-Based Intervention In A Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Unit, Victoria M. Raphael, Tracy L. Brewer, Sherry Pye 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Coping With Congenital Heart Disease: Implementation Of An Evidence-Based Intervention In A Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Unit, Victoria M. Raphael, Tracy L. Brewer, Sherry Pye

Graduate Publications and Other Selected Works - Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Caregivers are exposed to many stressors in the pediatric cardiac intensive care unit (CICU) setting. In caregivers of children diagnosed with congenital heart defects admitted to the CICU, symptoms of psychological distress are prevalent (Doherty et al., 2009). These symptoms include, but are not limited to, feelings of acute and chronic stress, worry, anxiety, and depression. Without intervention, these symptoms can negatively influence the health and behavioral outcomes of the admitted child (Commodari, 2010). Providing support for these caregivers during their child’s admission can reduce the significance of these adverse psychological symptoms and promote both patient and caregiver well-being (Melnyk …


Education Of Staff Nurses On The Implementation Of A Standardized Clinical Care Pathway For Patients Who Undergo Correction Of Pectus Excavatum, Amber Jones, Tracy Brewer, Sally McQuilkin 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Education Of Staff Nurses On The Implementation Of A Standardized Clinical Care Pathway For Patients Who Undergo Correction Of Pectus Excavatum, Amber Jones, Tracy Brewer, Sally Mcquilkin

Graduate Publications and Other Selected Works - Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Objective: Educate staff nurses on a new standardized clinical care pathway (SCCP) for Nuss Procedure patients to decrease the length of stay, decrease hospital costs, decrease postoperative complications, and improve pain control. Design: Evidence-based practice improvement initiative. Setting/Local Problem: An inpatient surgery unit at a local pediatric medical center with no previous standardized care plan for Nuss Procedure patients. Participants: All staff nurses working on the inpatient surgery unit of a pediatric medical center. Intervention/Measurements: An SCCP was created by a multidisciplinary care team. All staff nurses on the inpatient surgery unit at a local pediatric medical center were assigned …


Pre-Hospital Conditions Affecting The Hospitalization Risk In Older Adults At The Emergency Department, Karin Erwander, Kjell Ivarsson, Mona Landin-Olsson, Björn Agvall 2022 Department of clinical sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

Pre-Hospital Conditions Affecting The Hospitalization Risk In Older Adults At The Emergency Department, Karin Erwander, Kjell Ivarsson, Mona Landin-Olsson, Björn Agvall

Journal of Geriatric Emergency Medicine

BACKGROUND: The Emergency Department (ED) is a common route to hospitalization for critically ill and older adults. Older patients are admitted to hospital at a higher rate and have longer length of stay (LOS) when hospitalized. To be able to confront an increasing aging population, meet their medical needs and influence rising costs of health care, there is a need to focus on the older population. In Scandinavia, few studies are made that focus on the geriatric population at the ED. It is essential to early identify risk factors for hospitalization at the ED to improve the medical care for …


Training In The Use Of Interpretive Services For Patients With Limited English Proficiency, Kristina Wooten 2022 Kennesaw State University

Training In The Use Of Interpretive Services For Patients With Limited English Proficiency, Kristina Wooten

Symposium of Student Scholars

In clinical settings, there is a disconnect between health care professionals (HCPs) and patients with limited English proficiency (LEP). HCPs rely on ad hoc interpreters to communicate with patients with LEP (e.g. nurses using untrained friends and family or nursing students to interpret care information). Refusing to use or misusing professional interpreters and other interpretive services may lead patients with LEP to avoid seeking necessary care, misunderstand their diagnoses and treatment regimens, and fail to return for follow-up care. This increases the already existing health care disparity between patients who speak English and patients with LEP. Studies show that if …


High Anxiety In Pediatric Oncology Patients? What About Art Therapy?, Rebekah Love 2022 Kennesaw State University

High Anxiety In Pediatric Oncology Patients? What About Art Therapy?, Rebekah Love

Symposium of Student Scholars

Anxiety and depression are becoming more prevalent in the pediatric population today. In addition to the general pediatric population experiencing an increased risk of mental illness, children with an oncology related diagnosis have an even heightened risk. Most pediatric oncology patients reported fear or worry daily, which is cited to be most severe when they had an appointment or went to the hospital for a fever. It is imperative we discover interventions to lessen the anxiety and depression pediatric oncology patients experience daily. A literature review revealed conclusive interventions have not been determined. The purpose of this research is to …


Alternative Precautionary Measures Yielding Lower C. Diff Infection Rates In Healthcare Facilities, Matthew Kramer 2022 Kennesaw State University

Alternative Precautionary Measures Yielding Lower C. Diff Infection Rates In Healthcare Facilities, Matthew Kramer

Symposium of Student Scholars

Background: An international healthcare concern is the persistent spread of Clostridium difficile, a Gram-positive spore forming bacterium that is responsible for the most common hospital-acquired infection, amongst patients.

Objective: A systematic review was performed to summarize evidence that the interventions utilized in healthcare facilities which indicate a patient’s precautionary status are insufficient, outdated, and commonly lead to infection in neighboring patient rooms. Databases such as PubMed, NCBI, Google Scholar, and APHA’s Medical Care were searched, covering the period from 2017-2022. Studies were included if their focus concentrated on C. diff and the precautionary measures taken by employees at healthcare …


Stretching To Reduce Chronic Back Pain In Nurses & Care Partners, Jennifer Monyhan 2022 Kennesaw State University

Stretching To Reduce Chronic Back Pain In Nurses & Care Partners, Jennifer Monyhan

Symposium of Student Scholars

DO PRE- AND POST-SHIFT HUDDLE STRETCHING EXERCISES REDUCE CHRONIC LOWER BACK PAIN AMONG NURSES AND CNAS OVER A THREE- TO SIX-MONTH PERIOD?

Abstract

Many nurses and care partners develop job-related chronic lower back pain due to constantly repositioning immobile patients, changing linens, and bathing patients. These strenuous job requirements involve bending and lifting, as well as standing for extended periods of time during long shifts. This proposal will investigate the effectiveness of a targeted, thirty-second stretching session incorporated into each shift change huddle, for employees beginning their shift as well as employees ending their shift, on reports of lower back …


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