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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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2016

Medical Education

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Articles 1 - 26 of 26

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Formulating A Pharmacy Collection Without A Prescription, Kristin Laughtin-Dunker, Linda Galloway Dec 2016

Formulating A Pharmacy Collection Without A Prescription, Kristin Laughtin-Dunker, Linda Galloway

Library Articles and Research

Librarians without a background in the health sciences were tasked with building a collection to support a new pharmacy school at a traditionally liberal arts institution. Despite little subject expertise, the team assessed current holdings, conducted a review of recommended resources, and collaborated with faculty to prioritize acquisitions to support the developing program as funds became available. The hire of a health sciences librarian provided new opportunities for assessment and for continued collecting. Altogether, this process allowed for the creation of recommended best practices that can be adopted by any librarian procuring resources to support new health science programs.


Staying Current In Your Field Of Interest: Tips For Aspiring Students As Researchers, Dor D. Abelman Dec 2016

Staying Current In Your Field Of Interest: Tips For Aspiring Students As Researchers, Dor D. Abelman

Health Studies Publications

Undergraduate students are becoming increasingly involved in research. They already posses the skills required to make meaningful contributions to their field of interest. Some important components of their success relates to a student's ability to stay up to date in the research of their field, and to learn practical skills pertaining to the publishing process. This article hopes to help with this through presenting easy-to-follow summary tables and short paragraphs on tips for success. Topics include staying up to date in a practical way, getting involved, reaching out for help, and publication. For students, by students, this report is ...


A. Robert Schell Papers: A Finding Aid, Office Of Medical History And Archives, Lamar Soutter Library, University Of Massachusetts Medical School, Emily Tricco, Kristine M. Sjostedt Nov 2016

A. Robert Schell Papers: A Finding Aid, Office Of Medical History And Archives, Lamar Soutter Library, University Of Massachusetts Medical School, Emily Tricco, Kristine M. Sjostedt

Finding Aids

The A. Robert Schell Papers chronicle A. Robert Schell’s time as a student in the first class of the University of Massachusetts Medical School.


Emerging Roles For Librarians In The Medical School Curriculum And The Impact On Professional Identity, Anne Linton Oct 2016

Emerging Roles For Librarians In The Medical School Curriculum And The Impact On Professional Identity, Anne Linton

Himmelfarb Library Faculty Publications

This article discusses the impact on professional identity for health sciences librarians participating in the curriculum revision and development process. A qualitative survey, designed to examine the current roles, values, and self-identification of health sciences librarians involved in curricular revision, was conducted. The respondents discussed how they had participated in the planning, implementation, and rollout phases of revised curricula. They identified skills and values essential to successful participation and described the impact of expanded professional relationships on new identities as educators, change agents, and problem solvers. The study may add to the knowledge base of skills and attitudes needed for ...


Redefining Our Territory: Reaching Pre-Matriculation Students With Case-Based, Online Instruction, Cynthia M. Schmidt, Teresa Hartman Oct 2016

Redefining Our Territory: Reaching Pre-Matriculation Students With Case-Based, Online Instruction, Cynthia M. Schmidt, Teresa Hartman

Posters and Presentations: Leon S. McGoogan Health Sciences Library

Online educational tools have made it possible for our library to claim some educational territory that was previously unavailable to us, the pre-matriculation period. During the summer of 2015 we were able to add a two-part, case-based, online tutorial to our incoming medical students’ pre-matriculation materials. We created the story of Sarah Pilger, a hypothetical, obese, pregnant teenager whose pregnancy is complicated by a fetal toxoplasmosis. The case introduces the incoming students to almost all the resources they might want to use while enrolled at UNMC and also introduces students to the roles of the many healthcare professionals who are ...


Access Is Not Enough: Family Planning In Dar Es Salaam, Claire Burrus Oct 2016

Access Is Not Enough: Family Planning In Dar Es Salaam, Claire Burrus

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Population growth is a large problem, both globally and at local levels. The global population is growing at an unsustainable rate, particularly in developing nations. Tanzania, as a developing nation, is one of the fastest growing countries in the world, and as a result, faces many hardships related to high population. The Tanzanian government, non-governmental organizations, and private institutions have made attempts to address these concerns by encouraging family planning. Even so, the national population continues to rise. Many social and cultural factors have contributed to this phenomenon. This study was performed in the Women’s Clinic at Sanitas Hospital ...


H. Brownell Wheeler Papers, 1961 – 2009: A Finding Aid, Office Of Medical History And Archives, Lamar Soutter Library, University Of Massachusetts Medical School, Kristine M. Reinhard Aug 2016

H. Brownell Wheeler Papers, 1961 – 2009: A Finding Aid, Office Of Medical History And Archives, Lamar Soutter Library, University Of Massachusetts Medical School, Kristine M. Reinhard

Finding Aids

The H. Brownell Wheeler Papers document the early history of the University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMMS) and University Hospital, collectively known as University of Massachusetts Medical Center (UMMC). This collection also chronicles Dr. Wheeler’s career as a vascular surgeon, educator, administrator, end-of-life care advocate, and inventor. Also included in this collection are materials related to Dr. Wheeler’s personal life including his interest in travel and wood sculpting.


Cognitive Aid Use Improves Transition Of Care By Graduating Medical Students During A Simulated Crisis, Brooke Bauer, Annette Rebel, Amy Dilorenzo, Randall M. Schell, Jeremy S. Dority, Faith Lukens, Paul A. Sloan Jul 2016

Cognitive Aid Use Improves Transition Of Care By Graduating Medical Students During A Simulated Crisis, Brooke Bauer, Annette Rebel, Amy Dilorenzo, Randall M. Schell, Jeremy S. Dority, Faith Lukens, Paul A. Sloan

Anesthesiology Faculty Publications

Background: Residents are expected to have transition of care (ToC) skills upon entering graduate medical education. It is unclear whether experience and training during medical school is adequate.

Objective: The aim of the project was to assess: 1) graduating medical students' ability to perform ToC in a crisis situation, and 2) whether using a cognitive aid improves the ToC quality.

Methods: The authors developed simulation scenarios for rapid response teams and a cognitive aid to assist in the ToC during crisis situations. Graduating medical students were enrolled and randomly divided into teams of three students, randomly assigned into one of ...


Robert E. Tranquada Papers, 1979-2009: A Finding Aid, Office Of Medical History And Archives, Lamar Soutter Library, University Of Massachusetts Medical School, Kristine M. Reinhard Jul 2016

Robert E. Tranquada Papers, 1979-2009: A Finding Aid, Office Of Medical History And Archives, Lamar Soutter Library, University Of Massachusetts Medical School, Kristine M. Reinhard

Finding Aids

The Robert E. Tranquada Papers chronicle Tranquada’s role as Chancellor and Dean of the University of Massachusetts Medical School.


Samuel Thompson Papers, 1974 – 1982: A Finding Aid, Office Of Medical History And Archives, Lamar Soutter Library, University Of Massachusetts Medical School, Kristine M. Reinhard Jul 2016

Samuel Thompson Papers, 1974 – 1982: A Finding Aid, Office Of Medical History And Archives, Lamar Soutter Library, University Of Massachusetts Medical School, Kristine M. Reinhard

Finding Aids

The Samuel Thompson Papers chronicle the career of Samuel Thompson, Ph.D., Associate Vice Chancellor for Community Relations, Planning and Development and Associate Dean for Administration and Finance at the University of Massachusetts Medical School.


Widening Access In Selection Using Situational Judgement Tests: Evidence From The Ukcat, Filip Lievens, Fiona Patterson, Jan Corstjens, Stuart Martin, Sandra Nicholson Jun 2016

Widening Access In Selection Using Situational Judgement Tests: Evidence From The Ukcat, Filip Lievens, Fiona Patterson, Jan Corstjens, Stuart Martin, Sandra Nicholson

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

Widening access promotes student diversity and the appropriate representation of all demographic groups. This study aims to examine diversity-related benefits of the use of situational judgement tests (SJTs) in the UK Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT) in terms of three demographic variables: (i) socioeconomic status (SES); (ii) ethnicity, and (iii) gender. Methods: Outcomes in medical and dental school applicant cohorts for the years 2012 (n = 15 581) and 2013 (n = 15 454) were studied. Applicants' scores on cognitive tests and an SJT were linked to SES (parents' occupational status), ethnicity (White versus Black and other minority ethnic candidates), and gender. Firstly ...


Fosces: Adding Another Library Tile To The Medical School Mosaic, Alexandra Gomes, Thomas Harrod May 2016

Fosces: Adding Another Library Tile To The Medical School Mosaic, Alexandra Gomes, Thomas Harrod

Himmelfarb Library Faculty Posters and Presentations

The 2014 launch of the revised medical school curriculum provided new opportunities for librarians to collaborate with faculty. Due to past informatics instruction in the first year curriculum, we were invited to expand this content as part of a new formative Objective Structured Clinical Examination (FOSCE) initiative. This poster will describe the development and implementation of the FOSCE informatics curriculum.

In FOSCEs, small groups of students rotated through simulated patient encounters in order to demonstrate their clinical knowledge and skills. Due to simulation center logistics, students alternated between skills demonstration and informatics activities. The informatics component consisted of fifty minute ...


Health Policy 101: A Video For Future Clinicians, Stephanie Salvi Apr 2016

Health Policy 101: A Video For Future Clinicians, Stephanie Salvi

Graduate School of Nursing Publications

During my two-week health policy clerkship, my interprofessional group learned a tremendous amount about the current state of health policy. When speaking to our peers, it was clear that many students, both in the GSN and medical school, knew very little about this topic. Our group realized that clinicians are the heart of moving this issue forward, and therefore, educating future clinicians is critical.

When attempting to locate educational tools for future clinicians on health policy, very little was available. This discovery became the reason why I chose to develop an online resource for future clinicians. Due to my previous ...


House Librarians As Instructors In A Self-Directed, Capstone-Related 3rd Year Flexible Clinical Experience Program, Catherine W. Carr, Len L. Levin, Colleen J. Burnham Apr 2016

House Librarians As Instructors In A Self-Directed, Capstone-Related 3rd Year Flexible Clinical Experience Program, Catherine W. Carr, Len L. Levin, Colleen J. Burnham

Library Publications

PURPOSE/PROBLEM STATEMENT

In academic year 2010/2011, the University of Massachusetts Medical School introduced a new, longitudinal, integrative curriculum (LiNC). One component of this new curriculum was the introduction of Learning Communities or "Houses.". Five Houses were formed to allow inter-class interaction, each that would serve as the medical student's academic and social home. A librarian from the Lamar Soutter Library was attached to each House. Two new components of the LiNC curriculum were a) a longitudinal, cumulative capstone project and b) a 3rd year Flexible Clinical Experience (FCE) program. The first was a natural fit for the ...


New Journals For Publishing Medical Case Reports, Katherine G. Akers Phd Apr 2016

New Journals For Publishing Medical Case Reports, Katherine G. Akers Phd

Library Scholarly Publications

Because they do not rank highly in the hierarchy of evidence and are not frequently cited, case reports describing the clinical circumstances of single patients are seldom published by medical journals. However, many clinicians argue that case reports have significant educational value, advance medical knowledge, and complement evidence-based medicine. Over the last several years, a vast number (~160) of new peer-reviewed journals have emerged that focus on publishing case reports. These journals are typically open access and have relatively high acceptance rates. However, approximately half of the publishers of case reports journals engage in questionable or "predatory" publishing practices. Authors ...


Engaging Students And Faculty In The Evaluation Of A Usmle Review Product: Implications For Library Collection Development, Alice Stokes, Jeanene Light Apr 2016

Engaging Students And Faculty In The Evaluation Of A Usmle Review Product: Implications For Library Collection Development, Alice Stokes, Jeanene Light

University Libraries Faculty and Staff Publications

Introduction: Study materials for USMLE exams are some of the most commonly requested materials at Dana Medical Library. In Fall 2015, the Dana Medical Library received several student requests for online USMLE preparation materials. Librarians arranged for a trial of a new USMLE test preparation software available for library licensing. Librarians designed a plan for soliciting student and faculty feedback to inform the purchasing decision.

Methods: The Dana Medical Library ran a 4-week trial of the USMLE preparation software. Students and faculty were notified of the product trial through meetings, e-mail, signs in the library and social media. Trial participants ...


Sex And Sexual Education In China: Traditional Values And Social Implications, Isabella Steinhauer Apr 2016

Sex And Sexual Education In China: Traditional Values And Social Implications, Isabella Steinhauer

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

In China, the differing views of sex between younger and older generations is the clearest indicator ofthe division of modern and traditional thought in societyand their resulting repercussions. The paper examineswhat specific traditional Chinese norms and values spark many social issues in China, how those traditional values are reflected in the lack of sexual education, and then analyzes how the lack of sexual education impacts those social issues.Formal interviews were conducted in Kunming with seven college students (aged 18-23) from Yunnan Finance and Economics University and other universities, while more casual conversations were held with people of other ages ...


Tools And Methods For Zika Prevention In Cachoeira, Bahia, Florence Tesha Apr 2016

Tools And Methods For Zika Prevention In Cachoeira, Bahia, Florence Tesha

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Zika virus, which is mainly transmitted by Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes, has become a major health threat in Brazil and other Latin American countries. Brazil is the country that is being most impacted with zika virus in addition to the existing mosquito-borne diseases of dengue and chikungunya. With the increase in zika virus infections, there have also been increasing numbers of infant brain abnormalities such as microcephaly associated to zika. International and local health institutions are working together to control and prevent zika transmission. This project aimed to investigate the various tools and methods employed by the Center ...


Use Of Mobile Devices To Access Resources Among Health Professions Students: A Systematic Review, Misa Mi, Wendy Wu, Maylene Qiu, Yingting Zhang, Lin Wu, Jie Li Jan 2016

Use Of Mobile Devices To Access Resources Among Health Professions Students: A Systematic Review, Misa Mi, Wendy Wu, Maylene Qiu, Yingting Zhang, Lin Wu, Jie Li

Library Scholarly Publications

This systematic review examines types of mobile devices used by health professions students, kinds of resources and tools accessed via mobile devices, and reasons for using the devices to access the resources and tools. The review included 20 studies selected from articles published in English between January 2010 and April 2015, retrieved from PubMed and other sources. Data extracted included participants, study designs, mobile devices used, mobile resources/apps accessed, outcome measures, and advantages of and barriers to using mobile devices. The review indicates significant variability across the studies in terms of research methods, types of mobile programs implemented, resources ...


An Interprofessional End Of Life Simulation Using A Movie/Discussion Format, Mary Val Palumbo, Christina S. Melvin, Nancy P. Lemieux, Deborah A. O'Rourke, Jean Beatson, Patricia A. Prelock, Kelly A. Melekis, Mary Alice Favro, Vicki Hart Jan 2016

An Interprofessional End Of Life Simulation Using A Movie/Discussion Format, Mary Val Palumbo, Christina S. Melvin, Nancy P. Lemieux, Deborah A. O'Rourke, Jean Beatson, Patricia A. Prelock, Kelly A. Melekis, Mary Alice Favro, Vicki Hart

College of Nursing and Health Sciences Faculty Publications

An Interprofessional End of Life Simulation Using a Movie/Discussion Format

Sigma Theta Tau International Nursing Research Congress

Cape Town, South Africa

July 25, 2016

Mary Val Palumbo, DNP, MSN, BS, APRN, GNP-BC1 Christina S. Melvin, MS, BS, PHCNS, BC, CHPN1 Nancy P. LeMieux, MSN, BSEd, RN1 Deborah A. O'Rouke, PhD, MA, MClSc, BSc, PT2 Jean Beatson, EdD, MS, RN3 Patricia A. Prelock, PhD, MA, BS, CCC-SLP, BCS-CL4 Kelly A. Melekis, PhD, MSW, LMSW5 Mary Alice Favro, MA, BS, CCC-SLP6 Vicki Hart, PhD7 (1)Department of Nursing, University of Vermont ...


Chapter 5: Health Resources, Carol L. Watwood Jan 2016

Chapter 5: Health Resources, Carol L. Watwood

DLPS Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Building Capacity In Implementation Science Research Training At The University Of Nairobi., George O Osanjo, Julius O Oyugi, Isaac O Kibwage, Walter O Mwanda, Elizabeth N Ngugi, Fredrick C Otieno, Wycliffe Ndege, Mara Child, Carey Farquhar, Jeremy Penner, Zohray Talib, James N Kiarie Jan 2016

Building Capacity In Implementation Science Research Training At The University Of Nairobi., George O Osanjo, Julius O Oyugi, Isaac O Kibwage, Walter O Mwanda, Elizabeth N Ngugi, Fredrick C Otieno, Wycliffe Ndege, Mara Child, Carey Farquhar, Jeremy Penner, Zohray Talib, James N Kiarie

Health Policy and Management Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Health care systems in sub-Saharan Africa, and globally, grapple with the problem of closing the gap between evidence-based health interventions and actual practice in health service settings. It is essential for health care systems, especially in low-resource settings, to increase capacity to implement evidence-based practices, by training professionals in implementation science. With support from the Medical Education Partnership Initiative, the University of Nairobi has developed a training program to build local capacity for implementation science.

METHODS: This paper describes how the University of Nairobi leveraged resources from the Medical Education Partnership to develop an institutional program that provides training ...


Análisis De Las Políticas Públicas De Prevención Del Cáncer De Cuello Uterino Vinculadas Al Control Del Virus Del Papiloma Humano (Vph) En Argentina / An Analysis Of Argentina’S Public Health Prevention Strategies Of Cervical Cancer Related To The Control Of The Human Papiloma Virus (Hpv), Caroline Seman Jan 2016

Análisis De Las Políticas Públicas De Prevención Del Cáncer De Cuello Uterino Vinculadas Al Control Del Virus Del Papiloma Humano (Vph) En Argentina / An Analysis Of Argentina’S Public Health Prevention Strategies Of Cervical Cancer Related To The Control Of The Human Papiloma Virus (Hpv), Caroline Seman

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

El objetivo general de este estudio es analizar las políticas públicas de prevención del cáncer de cuello uterino (CCU) basadas en la incorporación de nuevas tecnologías como el test de VPH (Virus del Papiloma Humano) y la vacuna contra el VPH en Argentina. Los objetivos específicos son 1) describir la implementación del test de VPH y la campaña de vacunación obligatoria contra el VPH como estrategias de prevención primaria del CCU a nivel nacional: 2) identificar los factores que las facilitan y las obstaculizan. El CCU es el segundo cáncer más diagnosticado en las mujeres de Argentina. Desde el año ...


Exploring The Importance Of Team Psychological Safety In The Development Of Two Interprofessional Teams, Denise O'Leary Jan 2016

Exploring The Importance Of Team Psychological Safety In The Development Of Two Interprofessional Teams, Denise O'Leary

Articles

It has been previously demonstrated that interactions within interprofessional teams are characterised by effective communication, shared decision-making, and knowledge sharing. This article outlines aspects of an action research study examining the emergence of these characteristics within change management teams made up of nurses, general practitioners, physiotherapists, care assistants, a health and safety officer, and a client at two residential care facilities for older people in Ireland. The theoretical concept of team psychological safety (TPS) is utilised in presenting these characteristics. TPS has been defined as an atmosphere within a team where individuals feel comfortable engaging in discussion and reflection without ...


Burnout And Depression In Psychiatric Residents, Irvin Sam Schonfeld, Eric Laurent, Pierre Vandel, Renzo Bianchi Jan 2016

Burnout And Depression In Psychiatric Residents, Irvin Sam Schonfeld, Eric Laurent, Pierre Vandel, Renzo Bianchi

Publications and Research

Kealy et al. (2016) found that 21% of psychiatric residents were suffering symptoms of burnout. A number of problems call that finding into question. First, the writers used a one-item measure to assess burnout. Second, mounting evidence suggests that burnout is a depressive syndrome. Third, unresolvable job stress is related to depression. Given burnout's overlap with depression and the diagnostic blur around burnout, research on the impact of job stress should connect with depression, which is nosologically well characterized and diagnosable using clinically validated instruments.


Leading By Design: Physicians In Training And Leadership Awareness, Meridithe Anne Mendelsohn Jan 2016

Leading By Design: Physicians In Training And Leadership Awareness, Meridithe Anne Mendelsohn

Dissertations & Theses

Patient-centered care requires robust physician leadership in all aspects of healthcare in order to lead organizations to this ideal.Programs in Graduate Medical Education provide inconsistent and limited exposure to formal leadership development experiences for physicians in their final year of residency training.Literature addressing leadership training for residents focuses on the scarcity of effective programs that deliver adequate training and provide measurable outcomes.The purpose of this study was to explore how chief medical and surgical residents develop leadership awareness and experience training in leadership and engage chief residents, faculty mentors, and program administrators in a collaborative process, developing ...