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Articles 1 - 30 of 282

Full-Text Articles in Reproductive and Urinary Physiology

The Analysis Of Risk Factors Associated With Women's Urinary Incontinence; Literature Review, Denisa Oana Balalau, Octavian Gabriel Olaru, Nicolae Bacalbasa, Stana Paunica, Daniela Gabriela Balan, Anca Daniela Stanescu Apr 2021

The Analysis Of Risk Factors Associated With Women's Urinary Incontinence; Literature Review, Denisa Oana Balalau, Octavian Gabriel Olaru, Nicolae Bacalbasa, Stana Paunica, Daniela Gabriela Balan, Anca Daniela Stanescu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Urinary incontinence (UI) is a common condition among women. Approximately 50% of them had an involuntary loss of urine at least once in their lifetime. It can be present during sexual activity, contributing to sexual dysfunction and often associated with anxiety or even depression, thus having a negative impact on the quality of life. The incidence of UI is related to the existence of predisposing factors. The best known are: age, weight, family history, race/ ethnicity, number of pregnancies and mode of birth, history of genitourinary interventions and factors related to ordinary habits: smoking, caffeine consumption, oral contraceptives. Studies on ...


Predictors Of Irritability Symptoms In Mildly Depressed Perimenopausal Women, Anouk E. De Wit, Erik J. Giltay, Marrit K. De Boer, Margo Nathan, Aleta Wiley, Sybil L. Crawford, Hadine Joffe Apr 2021

Predictors Of Irritability Symptoms In Mildly Depressed Perimenopausal Women, Anouk E. De Wit, Erik J. Giltay, Marrit K. De Boer, Margo Nathan, Aleta Wiley, Sybil L. Crawford, Hadine Joffe

Graduate School of Nursing Publications

OBJECTIVE: Irritability is a highly burdensome complaint, commonly, but not universally, linked with depressive symptoms. While increased variability in estradiol has been associated with depressive symptoms during perimenopause, more insight is needed into reproductive hormone dynamics and other factors that predispose perimenopausal women to irritable mood.

METHODS: Among 50 mildly depressed perimenopausal women (mean (SD) age 48.4 (3.9) years), severity of irritability symptoms (on Symptom Questionnaire Hostility subscale, range 0-23) was assessed weekly for eight weeks, concurrent with potential predictors. Associations between these were examined using generalized estimating equating models.

RESULTS: Most women (82.0%) reported having moderate ...


Methamphetamine Associated Cardiomyopathy In Pregnancy: The Distinctions And The Implications, Ashan Hatharasinghe, Hossein Akhondi Feb 2021

Methamphetamine Associated Cardiomyopathy In Pregnancy: The Distinctions And The Implications, Ashan Hatharasinghe, Hossein Akhondi

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Introduction

Methamphetamine associated cardiomyopathy (MAC) and peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) are both rare obstetric conditions. Literature regarding methamphetamine associated cardiomyopathy in the obstetric population is limited, and it can be difficult to make the distinction between the two given the similarities in clinical presentation. However similar, there are significant distinctions in the pathophysiology of these two that can help clinicians with the management process.

Clinical Findings and Outcomes

This case involves a 35-year-old Hispanic G6P5005 at 37 weeks gestation presenting with acute respiratory failure secondary to acute decompensated heart failure with reduced ejection fraction and superimposed preeclampsia leading to urgent cesarean ...


Deficient Spermiogenesis In Mice Lacking Rlim, Feng Wang, Maria Gracia Gervasi, Ana Boskovic, Fengyun Sun, Vera D. Rinaldi, Jun Yu, Mary C. Wallingford, Darya A. Tourzani, Jesse Mager, Lihua Julie Zhu, Oliver J. Rando, Pablo E. Visconti, Lara Strittmatter, Ingolf Bach Feb 2021

Deficient Spermiogenesis In Mice Lacking Rlim, Feng Wang, Maria Gracia Gervasi, Ana Boskovic, Fengyun Sun, Vera D. Rinaldi, Jun Yu, Mary C. Wallingford, Darya A. Tourzani, Jesse Mager, Lihua Julie Zhu, Oliver J. Rando, Pablo E. Visconti, Lara Strittmatter, Ingolf Bach

Radiology Publications

The X-linked gene Rlim plays major roles in female mouse development and reproduction, where it is crucial for the maintenance of imprinted X chromosome inactivation in extraembryonic tissues of embryos. However, while females carrying a systemic Rlim knockout (KO) die around implantation, male Rlim KO mice appear healthy and are fertile. Here, we report an important role for Rlim in testis where it is highly expressed in post-meiotic round spermatids as well as in Sertoli cells. Systemic deletion of the Rlim gene results in lower numbers of mature sperm that contains excess cytoplasm, leading to decreased sperm motility and in ...


Chronic Use Of Non-Medical Abdominal Compressors: Medical And Psychological Implications, Sawsan Edriss, Bushra Azom, Manar Edriss, Mustafa Edriss, Ann-Cathrin Guertler, Eva Waineo Md, Diane L. Levine Md Jan 2021

Chronic Use Of Non-Medical Abdominal Compressors: Medical And Psychological Implications, Sawsan Edriss, Bushra Azom, Manar Edriss, Mustafa Edriss, Ann-Cathrin Guertler, Eva Waineo Md, Diane L. Levine Md

Medical Student Research Symposium

The popularity of waist cinchers, shapewear, abdominal binders, corsets, and waist trainers has increased in the population. Although corsets have been part of western fashion since the 18th century, abdominal compressors remain in style even today. In 2018, sales for shapewear worldwide were estimated at 2.26 billion USD. 1 Despite its popularity, shapewear safety and medical effects have not been widely studied.

In 1968, “Pantygirdle Syndrome” was described, attributing vulvitis, urethritis, and urinary tract infections to materials used from the “pantygirdle”. 2 The article describes that the girdle caused gastrointestinal symptoms with diaphragmatic and stomach displacement causing gastro-esophageal reflux ...


Efficacy And Safety Of Once-Daily Vibegron For Treatment Of Overactive Bladder In Patients Aged ≥65 And ≥75 Years: Subpopulation Analysis From The Empowur Randomized, International, Phase Iii Study, Susann Varano, David Staskin, Jeffrey Frankel, Denise Shortino, Rachel Jankowich, Paul N. Mudd Jan 2021

Efficacy And Safety Of Once-Daily Vibegron For Treatment Of Overactive Bladder In Patients Aged ≥65 And ≥75 Years: Subpopulation Analysis From The Empowur Randomized, International, Phase Iii Study, Susann Varano, David Staskin, Jeffrey Frankel, Denise Shortino, Rachel Jankowich, Paul N. Mudd

Physician Assistant Studies Faculty Publications

Background

Overactive bladder (OAB) is common among older adults. The efficacy and safety of vibegron for the treatment of OAB were demonstrated in the international, phase III EMPOWUR trial. This subpopulation analysis from EMPOWUR assessed the efficacy and safety of vibegron in patients aged ≥ 65 and ≥ 75 years.

Methods

In EMPOWUR, patients with OAB were randomly assigned 5:5:4 to receive once-daily vibegron 75 mg, placebo, or tolterodine 4 mg extended release, respectively, once daily for 12 weeks. Coprimary efficacy endpoints were change from baseline at week 12 in average daily number of micturitions and urge urinary incontinence (UUI ...


Howard's "Showing: What Pregnancy Tells Us About Being Human" (Book Review), Kyle D. Diroberts Dec 2020

Howard's "Showing: What Pregnancy Tells Us About Being Human" (Book Review), Kyle D. Diroberts

The Christian Librarian

No abstract provided.


Acute Ischemic Stroke As The Presenting Feature Of Covid-19 In The Young And Pregnant, Nermila A. Ballmick, Jiri F. Kubac, Hossein Akhondi Nov 2020

Acute Ischemic Stroke As The Presenting Feature Of Covid-19 In The Young And Pregnant, Nermila A. Ballmick, Jiri F. Kubac, Hossein Akhondi

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Introduction: Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an emerging and rapidly evolving public health issue that has become globally widespread and an overwhelming pandemic. Clinical manifestations of the disease include asymptomatic carrier states, acute respiratory distress syndrome, and even multiorgan dysfunction. Here, we present a unique and rare case of an acute ischemic stroke (AIS) in an asymptomatic pregnant woman with no predisposing medical illnesses.

Discussion: An 18-year-old G2P1 African American woman at 7 weeks gestational age with no significant medical or family history presenting to the Emergency Department during the initial phases of the pandemic with complaints of new onset left ...


Pregnancy Associated Epigenetic Markers Of Inflammation Predict Depression And Anxiety Symptoms In Response To Discrimination, Femke Sluiter, Angela C. Incollingo Rodriguez, Benjamin C. Nephew, Ryan J. Cali, Chris Murgatroyd, Hudson P. Santos Jr. Nov 2020

Pregnancy Associated Epigenetic Markers Of Inflammation Predict Depression And Anxiety Symptoms In Response To Discrimination, Femke Sluiter, Angela C. Incollingo Rodriguez, Benjamin C. Nephew, Ryan J. Cali, Chris Murgatroyd, Hudson P. Santos Jr.

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

Latina mothers, who have one of the highest fertility rates among ethnic groups in the United States (US), often experience discrimination. Psychosocial influences during pregnancy, such as discrimination stress, promotes inflammation. However, the role of epigenetic markers of inflammation as a mediator between, and predictor of, maternal discrimination stress and neuropsychiatric outcomes has not been extensively studied. The current study investigates the role of DNA methylation at FOXP3 Treg-cell-specific demethylated region (TSDR), as a marker of regulatory T (Treg) cells that are important negative regulators of inflammation, and the promoter of tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) gene, an important pro-inflammatory cytokine ...


Predicting Vaginal Birth After Previous Cesareavn: Using Machine-Learning Models And A Population-Based Cohort In Sweden, Charlotte Wollmann, Kyle D. Hart, Can Liu, Aaron B. Caughey, Olof Stephansson, Jonathan M. Snowden Oct 2020

Predicting Vaginal Birth After Previous Cesareavn: Using Machine-Learning Models And A Population-Based Cohort In Sweden, Charlotte Wollmann, Kyle D. Hart, Can Liu, Aaron B. Caughey, Olof Stephansson, Jonathan M. Snowden

OHSU-PSU School of Public Health Faculty Publications and Presentations

Introduction: Predicting a woman’s probability of vaginal birth after cesarean could facilitate the antenatal decision-making process. Having a previous vaginal birth strongly predicts vaginal birth after cesarean. Delivery outcome in women with only a cesarean delivery is more unpredictable. Therefore, to better predict vaginal birth in women with only one prior cesarean delivery and no vaginal deliveries would greatly benefit clinical practice and fill a key evidence gap in research. Our aim was to predict vaginal birth in women with one prior cesarean and no vaginal deliveries using machine-learning methods, and compare with a US prediction model and its ...


Contraceptive Methods In The United States: The Question Of Abortive Mechanisms, Tara Ferenczy Oct 2020

Contraceptive Methods In The United States: The Question Of Abortive Mechanisms, Tara Ferenczy

Senior Honors Theses

This thesis reviews the many methods of contraception available in the United States. Although society’s understanding of women’s health has become a major topic, there is still a significant deficit of information regarding how the accessible methods affect women’s bodies, specifically reproductive tissue. The thesis analyzes numerous contraceptive options focusing specifically on the mechanisms of action to determine whether options have abortifacient properties so that readers may develop educated opinions regarding medical and ethical uses. Information involving strengths and limitations of each technique and the effects on both the female body and the reproductive material assist in ...


Melatonin Patterns And Levels During The Human Menstrual Cycle And After Menopause, Gail A. Greendale, Paula Witt-Enderby, Arun S. Karlamangla, Fahima Munmun, Sybil L. Crawford, Meihua Huang, Nanette Santoro Aug 2020

Melatonin Patterns And Levels During The Human Menstrual Cycle And After Menopause, Gail A. Greendale, Paula Witt-Enderby, Arun S. Karlamangla, Fahima Munmun, Sybil L. Crawford, Meihua Huang, Nanette Santoro

Graduate School of Nursing Publications

Context: Melatonin may play a role in the regulation of the human menstrual cycle and may decline with menopause and/or aging.

Objective: The objective of this work is to investigate the relations between melatonin and the menstrual cycle, menopause, and aging.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional and longitudinal analysis of 20 participants from the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN) Daily Hormone Study (DHS). The outcome measure was first-morning urine assay of 6-sulfatoxymelatonin (aMT6s), a gauge of melatonin. For each participant, aMT6s was measured daily during one premenopausal cycle with evidence of luteal activity (ELA) and ...


The Impact Of A Randomized Controlled Trial Of A Lifestyle Intervention On Postpartum Physical Activity Among At-Risk Hispanic Women: Estudio Parto, Sarah Burkart, Bess H. Marcus, Penelope Pekow, Milagros C. Rosal, Joann E. Manson, Barry Braun, Lisa Chasan-Taber Jul 2020

The Impact Of A Randomized Controlled Trial Of A Lifestyle Intervention On Postpartum Physical Activity Among At-Risk Hispanic Women: Estudio Parto, Sarah Burkart, Bess H. Marcus, Penelope Pekow, Milagros C. Rosal, Joann E. Manson, Barry Braun, Lisa Chasan-Taber

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

AIMS: To assess the impact of a culturally modified, motivationally targeted, individually-tailored intervention on postpartum physical activity (PA) and PA self-efficacy among Hispanic women.

METHODS: Estudio PARTO was a randomized controlled trial conducted in Western Massachusetts from 2013-17. Hispanic women who screened positive for gestational diabetes mellitus were randomized to a Lifestyle Intervention (LI, n = 100) or to a comparison Health and Wellness (HW, n = 104) group during late pregnancy. Exercise goals in LI were to meet American College of Obstetrician and Gynecologists guidelines for postpartum PA. The Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire (PPAQ) and the Self-Efficacy for Physical Activity Questionnaire ...


Mild And Asymptomatic Covid-19 Infections: Implications For Maternal, Fetal And Reproductive Health, Bei Sun, John Yeh Jun 2020

Mild And Asymptomatic Covid-19 Infections: Implications For Maternal, Fetal And Reproductive Health, Bei Sun, John Yeh

COVID-19 Publications by UMMS Authors

The public health implications of the spread of SARS-CoV-2 infection from the initial site of infection to the female reproductive organs, in both pregnant and non-pregnant reproductive age women, are the focus of this paper.


Luteinizing Hormone Action In Human Oocyte Maturation And Quality: Signaling Pathways, Regulation, And Clinical Impact, Armando Arroyo, Beomsu Kim, John Yeh Jun 2020

Luteinizing Hormone Action In Human Oocyte Maturation And Quality: Signaling Pathways, Regulation, And Clinical Impact, Armando Arroyo, Beomsu Kim, John Yeh

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

The ovarian follicle luteinizing hormone (LH) signaling molecules that regulate oocyte meiotic maturation have recently been identified. The LH signal reduces preovulatory follicle cyclic nucleotide levels which releases oocytes from the first meiotic arrest. In the ovarian follicle, the LH signal reduces cyclic nucleotide levels via the CNP/NPR2 system, the EGF/EGF receptor network, and follicle/oocyte gap junctions. In the oocyte, reduced cyclic nucleotide levels activate the maturation promoting factor (MPF). The activated MPF induces chromosome segregation and completion of the first and second meiotic divisions. The purpose of this paper is to present an overview of the ...


Consistency Of Ever Reported Risky And Sensitive Behaviors Among Early Adolescents In A Nationally Representative Longitudinal Study: Results From The First 2 Waves Of The Longitudinal Cohort Study Of The Filipino Child, 2016 To 2018, Nel Jason L. Haw May 2020

Consistency Of Ever Reported Risky And Sensitive Behaviors Among Early Adolescents In A Nationally Representative Longitudinal Study: Results From The First 2 Waves Of The Longitudinal Cohort Study Of The Filipino Child, 2016 To 2018, Nel Jason L. Haw

Health Sciences Faculty Publications

Background: An ongoing cohort study on adolescents in the Philippines presents a unique opportunity to update current literature by measuring the level of reporting consistency on these behaviors and determine predictors of reporting inconsistency.

Methods: This study was a secondary analysis of the first 2 waves of the Longitudinal Cohort Study on the Filipino Child (LCSFC), a nationally representative cohort of Filipino adolescents throughout the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) implementation period, that is, age 10 in 2015 until age 24 in 2030, to measure the impact of SDG-oriented policies on the country’s future economic and health outcomes. This study ...


The Effects Of Total Body Proton Irradiation On Mouse Myometrium, Lillith Bulawa May 2020

The Effects Of Total Body Proton Irradiation On Mouse Myometrium, Lillith Bulawa

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The boundaries of human space exploration continue to expand with new technology and discoveries making it even more important to investigate the effects of space on biological systems. Although humans have explored space in small increments, reproductive studies must be conducted to determine if stable short- or long-term residences for humans can exist in space. This study explored the effects of whole-body proton radiation on uterine smooth muscle known as the myometrium. Two types of mice utilized in this study were C57BL/6 and B6.129S6Cybbtm1Din/J NOX2 knockout mice. C57BL/6 mice are standard laboratory mice that were used ...


The Evil Twin: The Case Of Heterotopic Pregnancy, Rashmi Jadhav, Vegas Brown, Gabriel Cabrera May 2020

The Evil Twin: The Case Of Heterotopic Pregnancy, Rashmi Jadhav, Vegas Brown, Gabriel Cabrera

West Florida Division Virtual Research Day

  • Heterotopic pregnancy occurs in about 1 in 30,000 naturally conceived pregnancies (5). The risk rises 1-3% for pregnancies occurring through assisted reproductive technologies (ART) (1).
  • Isolated ectopic pregnancy affects an average of 1 in every 150 live births (1).
  • A known pre-existing intrauterine pregnancy (IUP) can be falsely reassuring and delay the diagnosis of a potentially life-threatening concurrent ectopic pregnancy.
  • Presentation is vague and 45% of patients have no symptoms (5).
  • Differential Diagnoses: endometritis, incomplete miscarriage, ruptured ovarian cyst, non-GYN cause (ie: appendicitis or UTI).
  • Risk Factors: Infertility treatment, in vitro fertilization (IVF), prior ectopic, prior tubal surgery, use ...


Dancing During Labor: Social Media Trend Or Future Practice?, Caroline P. Toberna, Drew Horter, Kayla Heslin, Marie M. Forgie, Emily Malloy, Jessica J. F. Kram Apr 2020

Dancing During Labor: Social Media Trend Or Future Practice?, Caroline P. Toberna, Drew Horter, Kayla Heslin, Marie M. Forgie, Emily Malloy, Jessica J. F. Kram

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Over the past 30 years, medical interventions in pregnancy and childbirth have increased. Some pregnant women seek less invasive and nonpharmacological options to manage discomforts during labor. While exercise during pregnancy is recommended, less is known about exercise, specifically dancing, during labor. While anecdotal evidence is supportive, little is known about the implications of exercise and dance during the first stage of labor for pain reduction and labor progression. Some movements common in dance, such as expanding hip circles that loosen and relax muscles of the pelvic floor, may be beneficial to women during labor. Available evidence suggests that dancing ...


Identification And Characterization Of The Lactating Mouse Mammary Gland Citrullinome, Guangyuan Li, Coleman H. Young, Bryce Snow, Amanda O. Christensen, M. Kristen Demoruelle, Venkatesh V. Nemmara, Paul R. Thompson, Heather M. Rothfuss, Brian D. Cherrington Apr 2020

Identification And Characterization Of The Lactating Mouse Mammary Gland Citrullinome, Guangyuan Li, Coleman H. Young, Bryce Snow, Amanda O. Christensen, M. Kristen Demoruelle, Venkatesh V. Nemmara, Paul R. Thompson, Heather M. Rothfuss, Brian D. Cherrington

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

Citrullination is a post-translational modification (PTM) in which positively charged peptidyl-arginine is converted into neutral peptidyl-citrulline by peptidylarginine deiminase (PAD or PADI) enzymes. The full protein citrullinome in many tissues is unknown. Herein, we used mass spectrometry and identified 107 citrullinated proteins in the lactation day 9 (L9) mouse mammary gland including histone H2A, alpha-tubulin, and beta-casein. Given the importance of prolactin to lactation, we next tested if it stimulates PAD-catalyzed citrullination using mouse mammary epithelial CID-9 cells. Stimulation of CID-9 cells with 5 microg/mL prolactin for 10 min induced a 2-fold increase in histone H2A citrullination and a ...


Las Perspectivas Y Experiencias De Los Profesionales Del Campo De La Reproducción Asistida En La Ciudad Autónoma De Buenos Aires Y Bahía Blanca En El Año 2020. / The Perspectives And Experiences Of The Professionals In The Field Of Assisted Reproduction In The Autonomous City Of Buenos Aires And Bahía Blanca In 2020., Calder Hollond Apr 2020

Las Perspectivas Y Experiencias De Los Profesionales Del Campo De La Reproducción Asistida En La Ciudad Autónoma De Buenos Aires Y Bahía Blanca En El Año 2020. / The Perspectives And Experiences Of The Professionals In The Field Of Assisted Reproduction In The Autonomous City Of Buenos Aires And Bahía Blanca In 2020., Calder Hollond

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

En este informe se realiza una exploración del campo de la reproducción asistida en Argentina en 2020 a través de entrevistas personales con seis profesionales en el campo. Estos profesionales vienen de Capital Federal y Bahía Blanca y ofrecen perspectivas diversas en el estado del campo en este momento, los cambios que han pasado en los últimos años, y una mirada hacia el futuro. Este informe utiliza una metodología cualitativa y exploratoria, y un diseño observacional transversal. Además, emplea una muestra no probabilística y un diseño descriptivo para introducir el tema de reproducción asistida en Argentina y después analizarlo a ...


The Effects Of Renal Cold Storage And Transplantation On Immunoproteasome And The Complement System, Savannah Stacks Apr 2020

The Effects Of Renal Cold Storage And Transplantation On Immunoproteasome And The Complement System, Savannah Stacks

Honors Theses

Renal transplantation is the preferred method of treatment for end stage kidney disease. The majority of donor kidneys come from deceased donors and have to be stored in cold storage solution (CS) until the recipient is identified. However, prolonged CS is associated with poor long-term outcome. Unfortunately, the mechanisms of CS-related damage are largely unknown. Our laboratory recently reported that the proteasome and renal function were significantly decreased in rat kidney transplants that involved CS combined with transplantation (CS/Tx), as opposed to those that did not undergo CS (auto-transplantation/ATx). The long-term goal is to improve the transplant outcome ...


Cytosine Methylation Dynamics During Post-Testicular Sperm Maturation In Mammals [Preprint], Carolina Galan, Ryan W. Serra, Fengyun Sun, Vera Rinaldi, Colin C. Conine, Oliver J. Rando Feb 2020

Cytosine Methylation Dynamics During Post-Testicular Sperm Maturation In Mammals [Preprint], Carolina Galan, Ryan W. Serra, Fengyun Sun, Vera Rinaldi, Colin C. Conine, Oliver J. Rando

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Beyond the haploid genome, mammalian sperm contribute a payload of epigenetic information which can modulate offspring phenotypes. Recent studies have shown that the small RNA payload of sperm undergoes extensive remodeling during post-testicular maturation in the epididymis. Intriguingly, epididymal maturation has also been linked to changes in the sperm methylome, suggesting that the epididymis might play a broader role in remodeling the sperm epigenome. Here, we build on prior studies of the maturing sperm methylation landscape, further characterizing the genome-wide methylation landscape in seven germ cell populations collected from throughout the male reproductive tract. Overall, we find very few changes ...


Gender Identity And Sexual Orientation Identity In Women And Men Prenatally Exposed To Diethylstilbestrol, Rebecca Troisi, Julie R. Palmer, Elizabeth E. Hatch, William C. Strohsnitter, Dezheng Huo, Marianne Hyer, Karen I. Fredriksen-Goldsen, Robert Hoover, Linda Titus Feb 2020

Gender Identity And Sexual Orientation Identity In Women And Men Prenatally Exposed To Diethylstilbestrol, Rebecca Troisi, Julie R. Palmer, Elizabeth E. Hatch, William C. Strohsnitter, Dezheng Huo, Marianne Hyer, Karen I. Fredriksen-Goldsen, Robert Hoover, Linda Titus

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

We assessed the associations of prenatal diethylstilbestrol (DES) exposure, a potent estrogen, with sexual orientation and gender identity in 3306 women and 1848 men who participated in a study of prenatal DES exposure. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were derived from logistic regression models adjusted for birth year, study cohort, and education. Among women, the OR for DES in relation to reporting sexual orientation identity as nonheterosexual was 0.61 (95% CI 0.40-0.92) primarily due to a strong inverse association with a lesbian identity (OR 0.44, 95% CI 0.25-0.76). Among men, the ...


An Atlas Of Cell Types In The Mammalian Epididymis And Vas Deferens [Preprint], Vera D. Rinaldi, Elisa Donnard, Kyle Gellatly, Morten Rasmussen, Alper Kucukural, Onur Yukselen, Manuel Garber, Upasna Sharma, Oliver J. Rando Jan 2020

An Atlas Of Cell Types In The Mammalian Epididymis And Vas Deferens [Preprint], Vera D. Rinaldi, Elisa Donnard, Kyle Gellatly, Morten Rasmussen, Alper Kucukural, Onur Yukselen, Manuel Garber, Upasna Sharma, Oliver J. Rando

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Following spermatogenesis in the testis, mammalian sperm continue to mature over the course of approximately 10 days as they transit a long epithelial tube known as the epididymis. The epididymis is comprised of multiple segments/compartments that, in addition to concentrating sperm and preventing their premature activation, play key roles in remodeling the protein, lipid, and RNA composition of maturing sperm. In order to understand the complex roles for the epididymis in reproductive biology, we generated a single cell atlas of gene expression from the murine epididymis and vas deferens. We recovered all the key cell types of the epididymal ...


Ectopic Pregnancy In A Woman With T9 Ais A Paraplegia Secondary To High-Grade Spinal Cord Pilocytic Astrocytoma, Elisabeth K. Acker Jan 2020

Ectopic Pregnancy In A Woman With T9 Ais A Paraplegia Secondary To High-Grade Spinal Cord Pilocytic Astrocytoma, Elisabeth K. Acker

Graduate Medical Education (GME) Resident and Fellow Research Day Posters

Ectopic pregnancy in a woman with T9 AIS A (motor complete, sensory complete) paraplegia secondary to a high-grade spinal cord pilocytic astrocytoma

Background

In the United States, 20,000 women of childbearing age have a spinal cord injury (SCI). While SCI induces transient amenorrhea immediately after injury, women generally have normal reproductive function after SCI, and their fertility is unimpaired. Medications that commonly manage complications of SCI should be avoided or discontinued during pregnancy. Complications inherent to SCI, including urologic issues, are often exacerbated during pregnancy.

Methods

This is a case report on a female Veteran who initially presented to ...


The Efficacy Of Aquablation In The Treatment Of Large Volume Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy, Jessica Greenwood Jan 2020

The Efficacy Of Aquablation In The Treatment Of Large Volume Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy, Jessica Greenwood

Capstone Showcase

Introduction:

Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy (BPH) is a condition affecting adult males causing symptoms including urinary frequency, incontinence, and urinary retention. While first line treatment methods include lifestyle modifications and pharmacologic therapies, many patients elect for surgical procedures for symptomatic relief. In patients with extremely large volume prostates the surgical method most commonly used has been an open prostatectomy, which is associated with both long-term efficacy and more surgical complications than minimally invasive techniques. Therefore, this review analyzes Aquablation (I) for symptom management (O) in patients diagnosed with BPH (P) compared to open prostatectomy (C).

Methods:

A literature search was conducted ...


The Quantified Elf, Umico Niwa Jan 2020

The Quantified Elf, Umico Niwa

Theses and Dissertations

The Quantified Elf is an ongoing collection of scientific, medical, archaeological articles and excerpts from my personal journal. It is a way by which I explore the various ways Western notions of personhood subsume human life into constructs of sexuality and gender, overlooking the various other modes of unbridled existence: plant, microbial. fungal, animal, celestial bodies. The speculative medical papers propose novel forms of body modification to combat gender dysphoria.


Seen In Science: Lgbtq+ Inclusivity In Anatomy & Physiology Texts, Harshini Sirvisetty, Kat Ray King, Linda Catherine Fuselier Jan 2020

Seen In Science: Lgbtq+ Inclusivity In Anatomy & Physiology Texts, Harshini Sirvisetty, Kat Ray King, Linda Catherine Fuselier

Undergraduate Arts and Research Showcase

Biology is unique from other science disciplines in that concepts taught in core classes can inform our student’s understanding of sex and gender. A biology major encounters lessons on sex determination, sexual reproduction, and sex characteristics in their courses. The language used in these units matters. It is imperative that educators consider how the language, examples, and content that we use in classrooms drive (or not) inclusivity for gender- and sexuality-diverse (GSD) (aka LGBTQ+) individuals. We chose to analyze four college-level human anatomy/physiology (AP) textbooks for GSD population inclusivity. We adopted a queer theory framework to critically examine ...


Oral Contraceptives As Possible Acl Injury Prevention Method, Haley Schweizer Jan 2020

Oral Contraceptives As Possible Acl Injury Prevention Method, Haley Schweizer

Capstone Showcase

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) injuries are an upsetting setback for many athletes that require a long and costly recovery process. The injury rates are four times greater in women than men. Preventative measures that help to prevent ACL injuries are limited to stretching and strengthening. Therefore, this review aims to investigate if oral contraceptive [I] usage provides a possible new avenue for prevention of ACL injury [O] in young female athletes (ages 18-30) [P] compared to those that do not take oral contraceptives [C].

Methods: A literature review was performed though PubMed, Google Scholar, SCOPUS Database, and ClinicalKey ...