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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Contemporary Analysis Of Reexcision And Conversion To Mastectomy Rates And Associated Healthcare Costs For Women Undergoing Breast-Conserving Surgery, Youngran Kim, Cecilia Ganduglia-Cazaban, Nina Tamirisa, Anthony Lucci, Trudy Millard Krause Jun 2024

Contemporary Analysis Of Reexcision And Conversion To Mastectomy Rates And Associated Healthcare Costs For Women Undergoing Breast-Conserving Surgery, Youngran Kim, Cecilia Ganduglia-Cazaban, Nina Tamirisa, Anthony Lucci, Trudy Millard Krause

Journal Articles

PURPOSE: This study was designed to provide a comprehensive and up-to-date understanding of population-level reoperation rates and incremental healthcare costs associated with reoperation for patients who underwent breast-conserving surgery (BCS).

METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study using Merative™ MarketScan

RESULTS: The commercial cohort included 17,129 women with a median age of 55 (interquartile range [IQR] 49-59) years, and the Medicare cohort included 6977 women with a median age of 73 (IQR 69-78) years. Overall reoperation rates were 21.1% (95% confidence interval [CI] 20.5-21.8%) for the commercial cohort and 14.9% (95% CI 14.1-15.7%) for the Medicare cohort. In both cohorts, …


Efficacy And Safety Of Tepotinib In Asian Patients With Advanced Nsclc With Met Exon 14 Skipping Enrolled In Vision, Terufumi Kato, James Chih-Hsin Yang, Myung-Ju Ahn, Hiroshi Sakai, Masahiro Morise, Yuh-Min Chen, Ji-Youn Han, Jin-Ji Yang, Jun Zhao, Te-Chun Hsia, Karin Berghoff, Rolf Bruns, Helene Vioix, Simone Lang, Andreas Johne, Xiuning Le, Paul K Paik Jun 2024

Efficacy And Safety Of Tepotinib In Asian Patients With Advanced Nsclc With Met Exon 14 Skipping Enrolled In Vision, Terufumi Kato, James Chih-Hsin Yang, Myung-Ju Ahn, Hiroshi Sakai, Masahiro Morise, Yuh-Min Chen, Ji-Youn Han, Jin-Ji Yang, Jun Zhao, Te-Chun Hsia, Karin Berghoff, Rolf Bruns, Helene Vioix, Simone Lang, Andreas Johne, Xiuning Le, Paul K Paik

Journal Articles

BACKGROUND: Tepotinib, a MET inhibitor approved for the treatment of MET exon 14 (METex14) skipping NSCLC, demonstrated durable clinical activity in VISION (Cohort A + C; N = 313): objective response rate (ORR) 51.4% (95% CI: 45.8, 57.1); median duration of response (mDOR) 18.0 months (95% CI: 12.4, 46.4). We report outcomes in Asian patients from VISION (Cohort A + C) (cut-off: November 20, 2022).

METHODS: Patients with advanced METex14 skipping NSCLC, detected by liquid or tissue biopsy, received tepotinib 500 mg (450 mg active moiety) once daily.

PRIMARY ENDPOINT: objective response (RECIST 1.1) by independent review. Secondary endpoints included: …


Gut Microbiota, Blood Metabolites, And Left Ventricular Diastolic Dysfunction In Us Hispanics/Latinos, Kai Luo, Alkis Taryn, Eun-Hye Moon, Brandilyn A Peters, Scott D Solomon, Martha L Daviglus, Mayank M Kansal, Bharat Thyagarajan, Marc D Gellman, Jianwen Cai, Robert D Burk, Rob Knight, Robert C Kaplan, Susan Cheng, Carlos J Rodriguez, Qibin Qi, Bing Yu May 2024

Gut Microbiota, Blood Metabolites, And Left Ventricular Diastolic Dysfunction In Us Hispanics/Latinos, Kai Luo, Alkis Taryn, Eun-Hye Moon, Brandilyn A Peters, Scott D Solomon, Martha L Daviglus, Mayank M Kansal, Bharat Thyagarajan, Marc D Gellman, Jianwen Cai, Robert D Burk, Rob Knight, Robert C Kaplan, Susan Cheng, Carlos J Rodriguez, Qibin Qi, Bing Yu

Journal Articles

BACKGROUND: Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) is an important precursor of heart failure (HF), but little is known about its relationship with gut dysbiosis and microbial-related metabolites. By leveraging the multi-omics data from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL), a study with population at high burden of LVDD, we aimed to characterize gut microbiota associated with LVDD and identify metabolite signatures of gut dysbiosis and incident LVDD.

RESULTS: We included up to 1996 Hispanic/Latino adults (mean age: 59.4 years; 67.1% female) with comprehensive echocardiography assessments, gut microbiome, and blood metabolome data. LVDD was defined through a composite criterion …


Determinants Of Mosaic Chromosomal Alteration Fitness, Yash Pershad, Taralynn Mack, Hannah Poisner, Yasminka A Jakubek, Adrienne M Stilp, Braxton D Mitchell, Joshua P Lewis, Eric Boerwinkle, Ruth J F Loos, Nathalie Chami, Zhe Wang, Kathleen Barnes, Nathan Pankratz, Myriam Fornage, Susan Redline, Bruce M Psaty, Joshua C Bis, Ali Shojaie, Edwin K Silverman, Michael H Cho, Jeong H Yun, Dawn Demeo, Daniel Levy, Andrew D Johnson, Rasika A Mathias, Margaret A Taub, Donna Arnett, Kari E North, Laura M Raffield, April P Carson, Margaret F Doyle, Stephen S Rich, Jerome I Rotter, Xiuqing Guo, Nancy J Cox, Dan M Roden, Nora Franceschini, Pinkal Desai, Alex P Reiner, Paul L Auer, Paul A Scheet, Siddhartha Jaiswal, Joshua S Weinstock, Alexander G Bick May 2024

Determinants Of Mosaic Chromosomal Alteration Fitness, Yash Pershad, Taralynn Mack, Hannah Poisner, Yasminka A Jakubek, Adrienne M Stilp, Braxton D Mitchell, Joshua P Lewis, Eric Boerwinkle, Ruth J F Loos, Nathalie Chami, Zhe Wang, Kathleen Barnes, Nathan Pankratz, Myriam Fornage, Susan Redline, Bruce M Psaty, Joshua C Bis, Ali Shojaie, Edwin K Silverman, Michael H Cho, Jeong H Yun, Dawn Demeo, Daniel Levy, Andrew D Johnson, Rasika A Mathias, Margaret A Taub, Donna Arnett, Kari E North, Laura M Raffield, April P Carson, Margaret F Doyle, Stephen S Rich, Jerome I Rotter, Xiuqing Guo, Nancy J Cox, Dan M Roden, Nora Franceschini, Pinkal Desai, Alex P Reiner, Paul L Auer, Paul A Scheet, Siddhartha Jaiswal, Joshua S Weinstock, Alexander G Bick

Journal Articles

Clonal hematopoiesis (CH) is characterized by the acquisition of a somatic mutation in a hematopoietic stem cell that results in a clonal expansion. These driver mutations can be single nucleotide variants in cancer driver genes or larger structural rearrangements called mosaic chromosomal alterations (mCAs). The factors that influence the variations in mCA fitness and ultimately result in different clonal expansion rates are not well understood. We used the Passenger-Approximated Clonal Expansion Rate (PACER) method to estimate clonal expansion rate as PACER scores for 6,381 individuals in the NHLBI toPMed cohort with gain, loss, and copy-neutral loss of heterozygosity mCAs. Our …


Stay On Track: A Pilot Randomized Control Trial On The Feasibility Of A Diet And Exercise Intervention In Patients With Breast Cancer Receiving Radiotherapy, Gopika Senthilkumar, Aronne M Schottstaedt, Lindsay L Peterson, Lauren N Pedersen, Christopher R Chitambar, Alexis Vistocky, Anjishnu Banerjee, John M Longo, Tracy Kelly, Adam Currey, Melinda R Stolley, Carmen Bergom May 2024

Stay On Track: A Pilot Randomized Control Trial On The Feasibility Of A Diet And Exercise Intervention In Patients With Breast Cancer Receiving Radiotherapy, Gopika Senthilkumar, Aronne M Schottstaedt, Lindsay L Peterson, Lauren N Pedersen, Christopher R Chitambar, Alexis Vistocky, Anjishnu Banerjee, John M Longo, Tracy Kelly, Adam Currey, Melinda R Stolley, Carmen Bergom

2020-Current year OA Pubs

PURPOSE: Among patients with breast cancer undergoing radiotherapy, posttreatment cardiovascular disease and worsened quality of life (QoL) are leading causes of morbidity and mortality. To overcome these negative radiotherapy effects, this prospective, randomized clinical trial pilots a 12-week Stay on Track exercise and diet intervention for overweight patients with nonmetastatic breast cancer undergoing whole-breast radiotherapy.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: The intervention group (n = 22) participated in three personal exercise and dietary counseling sessions, and received three text reminders/week to adhere to recommendations. The control group (n = 22) was administered a diet/exercise information binder. All patients received a Fitbit, and at …


Integrated Transcriptomics And Histopathology Approach Identifies A Subset Of Rejected Donor Livers With Potential Suitability For Transplantation, Ankita Srivastava, Alexandra Manchel, John Waters, Manju Ambelil, Benjamin K. Barnhart, Jan B. Hoek, Ashesh P. Shah, Rajanikanth Vadigepalli May 2024

Integrated Transcriptomics And Histopathology Approach Identifies A Subset Of Rejected Donor Livers With Potential Suitability For Transplantation, Ankita Srivastava, Alexandra Manchel, John Waters, Manju Ambelil, Benjamin K. Barnhart, Jan B. Hoek, Ashesh P. Shah, Rajanikanth Vadigepalli

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Liver transplantation is an effective treatment for liver failure. There is a large unmet demand, even as not all donated livers are transplanted. The clinical selection criteria for donor livers based on histopathological evaluation and liver function tests are variable. We integrated transcriptomics and histopathology to characterize donor liver biopsies obtained at the time of organ recovery. We performed RNA sequencing as well as manual and artificial intelligence-based histopathology (10 accepted and 21 rejected for transplantation).

RESULTS: We identified two transcriptomically distinct rejected subsets (termed rejected-1 and rejected-2), where rejected-2 exhibited a near-complete transcriptomic overlap with the accepted livers, …


Low Absolute Risk Of Thrombotic And Cardiovascular Events In Outpatient Pregnant Women With Covid-19, Behnood Bikdeli, Darsiya Krishnathasan, Candrika Khairani, Antoine Bejjani, Julia Davies, Nicole Porio, Anthony Tristani, Andre Armero, Ali Assi, Victor Nauffal, Umberto Campia, Zaid Almarzooq, Eric Wei, Marcos Ortiz-Rios, Valeria Zuluaga-Sánchez, Aditya Achanta, Sirus Jesudasen, Bruce Tiu, Geno Merli, Orly Leiva, John Fanikos, Elvira Grandone, Aditya Sharma, Samantha Rizzo, Mariana Pfeferman, Ruth Morrison, Alec Vishnevsky, Judith Hsia, Mark Nehler, James Welker, Marc Bonaca, Brett Carroll, Samuel Goldhaber, Zhou Lan, Gregory Piazza May 2024

Low Absolute Risk Of Thrombotic And Cardiovascular Events In Outpatient Pregnant Women With Covid-19, Behnood Bikdeli, Darsiya Krishnathasan, Candrika Khairani, Antoine Bejjani, Julia Davies, Nicole Porio, Anthony Tristani, Andre Armero, Ali Assi, Victor Nauffal, Umberto Campia, Zaid Almarzooq, Eric Wei, Marcos Ortiz-Rios, Valeria Zuluaga-Sánchez, Aditya Achanta, Sirus Jesudasen, Bruce Tiu, Geno Merli, Orly Leiva, John Fanikos, Elvira Grandone, Aditya Sharma, Samantha Rizzo, Mariana Pfeferman, Ruth Morrison, Alec Vishnevsky, Judith Hsia, Mark Nehler, James Welker, Marc Bonaca, Brett Carroll, Samuel Goldhaber, Zhou Lan, Gregory Piazza

Division of Cardiology Faculty Papers

INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy may contribute to an excess risk of thrombotic or cardiovascular events. COVID-19 increases the risk of these events, although the risk is relatively limited among outpatients. We sought to determine whether outpatient pregnant women with COVID-19 are at a high risk for cardiovascular or thrombotic events.

MATERIALS & METHODS: We analyzed pregnant outpatients with COVID-19 from the multicenter CORONA-VTE-Network registry. The main study outcomes were a composite of adjudicated venous or arterial thrombotic events, and a composite of adjudicated cardiovascular events. Events were assessed 90 days after the COVID-19 diagnosis and reported for non-pregnant women ≤45 years, and …


Patient Priorities Care Increases Long-Term Service And Support Use: Propensity Match Cohort Study, Rafael Samper-Ternent, Javad Razjouyan, Lilian Dindo, Jaime Halaszynski, Jennifer Silva, Terri Fried, Aanand D Naik May 2024

Patient Priorities Care Increases Long-Term Service And Support Use: Propensity Match Cohort Study, Rafael Samper-Ternent, Javad Razjouyan, Lilian Dindo, Jaime Halaszynski, Jennifer Silva, Terri Fried, Aanand D Naik

Journal Articles

OBJECTIVES: Patient priorities care (PPC) is an evidence-based approach designed to help patients achieve what matters most to them by identifying their health priorities and working with clinicians to align the care they provide to the patient's priorities. This study examined the impact of the PPC approach on long-term service and support (LTSS) use among veterans.

DESIGN: Quasi-experimental study examining differences in LTSS use between veterans exposed to PPC and propensity-matched controls not exposed to PPC adjusting for covariates.

SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-six social workers in 5 Veterans Health Administration (VHA) sites trained in PPC in 2018, 143 veterans who …


Family Physicians And Menstrual Care: An Analysis Of Cera 2023, Allison Casola, Olivia Rea, Tiffany Ho Apr 2024

Family Physicians And Menstrual Care: An Analysis Of Cera 2023, Allison Casola, Olivia Rea, Tiffany Ho

Department of Family & Community Medicine Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Menstrual health is an important indicator of overall health and has large impacts on quality of life. Despite number and impact, discussion of menstruation remains largely taboo within health care. Patients and physicians are not engaging in regular, meaningful discussions on menstruation. Family physicians, as primary care providers, can facilitate these important conversations.

OBJECTIVES: We sought to understand the profile of menstrual care providing family physicians and assessed physician comfort, knowledge, training, and perceived importance regarding menstrual care.

DESIGN/METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analysis of the 2022 Council of Academic Family Medicine Educational Research Alliance survey. The survey included …


An Approach To Identify Gene-Environment Interactions And Reveal New Biological Insight In Complex Traits, Xiaofeng Zhu, Yihe Yang, Noah Lorincz-Comi, Gen Li, Amy R Bentley, Paul S De Vries, Michael Brown, Alanna C Morrison, Charles N Rotimi, W James Gauderman, Dabeeru C Rao, Hugues Aschard Apr 2024

An Approach To Identify Gene-Environment Interactions And Reveal New Biological Insight In Complex Traits, Xiaofeng Zhu, Yihe Yang, Noah Lorincz-Comi, Gen Li, Amy R Bentley, Paul S De Vries, Michael Brown, Alanna C Morrison, Charles N Rotimi, W James Gauderman, Dabeeru C Rao, Hugues Aschard

Journal Articles

There is a long-standing debate about the magnitude of the contribution of gene-environment interactions to phenotypic variations of complex traits owing to the low statistical power and few reported interactions to date. to address this issue, the Gene-Lifestyle Interactions Working Group within the Cohorts for Heart and Aging Research in Genetic Epidemiology Consortium has been spearheading efforts to investigate G × E in large and diverse samples through meta-analysis. Here, we present a powerful new approach to screen for interactions across the genome, an approach that shares substantial similarity to the Mendelian randomization framework. We identify and confirm 5 loci …


An Approach To Identify Gene-Environment Interactions And Reveal New Biological Insight In Complex Traits, Xiaofeng Zhu, Yihe Yang, Noah Lorincz-Comi, Gen Li, Amy R Bentley, Paul S De Vries, Michael Brown, Alanna C Morrison, Charles N Rotimi, W James Gauderman, Dabeeru C Rao, Hugues Aschard, Charge Gene-Lifestyle Interactions Working Group Apr 2024

An Approach To Identify Gene-Environment Interactions And Reveal New Biological Insight In Complex Traits, Xiaofeng Zhu, Yihe Yang, Noah Lorincz-Comi, Gen Li, Amy R Bentley, Paul S De Vries, Michael Brown, Alanna C Morrison, Charles N Rotimi, W James Gauderman, Dabeeru C Rao, Hugues Aschard, Charge Gene-Lifestyle Interactions Working Group

2020-Current year OA Pubs

There is a long-standing debate about the magnitude of the contribution of gene-environment interactions to phenotypic variations of complex traits owing to the low statistical power and few reported interactions to date. To address this issue, the Gene-Lifestyle Interactions Working Group within the Cohorts for Heart and Aging Research in Genetic Epidemiology Consortium has been spearheading efforts to investigate G × E in large and diverse samples through meta-analysis. Here, we present a powerful new approach to screen for interactions across the genome, an approach that shares substantial similarity to the Mendelian randomization framework. We identify and confirm 5 loci …


Dismantling Barriers To Hepatitis B And Delta Screening, Prevention, And Linkage To Care Among The Pwud Community In Philadelphia, Beatrice Zovich, Catherine Freeland, Holly Moore, Kara Sapp, Anousha Qureshi, Rachel Holbert, Jason Zambrano, Daljinder Bhangoo, Chari Cohen, Richard W. Hass, Amy Jessop Apr 2024

Dismantling Barriers To Hepatitis B And Delta Screening, Prevention, And Linkage To Care Among The Pwud Community In Philadelphia, Beatrice Zovich, Catherine Freeland, Holly Moore, Kara Sapp, Anousha Qureshi, Rachel Holbert, Jason Zambrano, Daljinder Bhangoo, Chari Cohen, Richard W. Hass, Amy Jessop

College of Population Health Faculty Papers

The prevalence of hepatitis B and delta viruses (HBV/HDV) among people who use drugs (PWUD) remains largely unknown. In the context of one Philadelphia-based harm reduction organization (HRO), this study aimed to assess HBV/HDV prevalence and facilitate linkage to care. Participants completed a demographic HBV/HDV risk factor survey and were screened for HBV and reflexively for HDV if positive for HBV surface antigen or isolated core antibody. Fisher's exact tests and regression were used to understand relationships between risks and HBV blood markers. Of the 498 participants, 126 (25.3%) did not have hepatitis B immunity, 52.6% had been vaccinated against …


Vaccine Effectiveness Against Influenza A-Associated Hospitalization, Organ Failure, And Death: United States, 2022-2023, Nathaniel M Lewis, Jennie H Kwon, Et Al. Apr 2024

Vaccine Effectiveness Against Influenza A-Associated Hospitalization, Organ Failure, And Death: United States, 2022-2023, Nathaniel M Lewis, Jennie H Kwon, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

BACKGROUND: Influenza circulation during the 2022-2023 season in the United States largely returned to pre-coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-pandemic patterns and levels. Influenza A(H3N2) viruses were detected most frequently this season, predominately clade 3C.2a1b.2a, a close antigenic match to the vaccine strain.

METHODS: To understand effectiveness of the 2022-2023 influenza vaccine against influenza-associated hospitalization, organ failure, and death, a multicenter sentinel surveillance network in the United States prospectively enrolled adults hospitalized with acute respiratory illness between 1 October 2022, and 28 February 2023. Using the test-negative design, vaccine effectiveness (VE) estimates against influenza-associated hospitalization, organ failures, and death were measured by …


Multicenter Study Of Long-Term Outcomes And Quality Of Life In Phace Syndrome After Age 10., Mitchell Braun, Ilona J. Frieden, Dawn H. Siegel, Elizabeth George, Christopher P. Hess, Christine K. Fox, Sarah L. Chamlin, Beth A. Drolet, Denise Metry, Elena Pope, Julie Powell, Kristen Holland, Caden Ulschmid, Marilyn G. Liang, Kelly K. Barry, Tina Ho, Chantal Cotter, Eulalia Baselga, David Bosquez, Surabhi Neerendranath Jain, Jordan K. Bui, Irene Lara-Corrales, Tracy Funk, Alison Small, Wenelia Baghoomian, Albert C. Yan, James R. Treat, Griffin Stockton Hogrogian, Charles Huang, Anita Haggstrom, Mary List, Catherine C. Mccuaig, Victoria Barrio, Anthony J. Mancini, Leslie P. Lawley, Kerrie Grunnet-Satcher, Kimberly A. Horii, Brandon D. Newell, Amy J. Nopper, Maria C. Garzon, Margaret E. Scollan, Erin F. Mathes Apr 2024

Multicenter Study Of Long-Term Outcomes And Quality Of Life In Phace Syndrome After Age 10., Mitchell Braun, Ilona J. Frieden, Dawn H. Siegel, Elizabeth George, Christopher P. Hess, Christine K. Fox, Sarah L. Chamlin, Beth A. Drolet, Denise Metry, Elena Pope, Julie Powell, Kristen Holland, Caden Ulschmid, Marilyn G. Liang, Kelly K. Barry, Tina Ho, Chantal Cotter, Eulalia Baselga, David Bosquez, Surabhi Neerendranath Jain, Jordan K. Bui, Irene Lara-Corrales, Tracy Funk, Alison Small, Wenelia Baghoomian, Albert C. Yan, James R. Treat, Griffin Stockton Hogrogian, Charles Huang, Anita Haggstrom, Mary List, Catherine C. Mccuaig, Victoria Barrio, Anthony J. Mancini, Leslie P. Lawley, Kerrie Grunnet-Satcher, Kimberly A. Horii, Brandon D. Newell, Amy J. Nopper, Maria C. Garzon, Margaret E. Scollan, Erin F. Mathes

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

OBJECTIVE: To characterize long-term outcomes of PHACE syndrome.

STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter study with cross-sectional interviews and chart review of individuals with definite PHACE syndrome ≥10 years of age. Data from charts were collected across multiple PHACE-related topics. Data not available in charts were collected from patients directly. Likert scales were used to assess the impact of specific findings. Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) scales were used to assess quality of life domains.

RESULTS: A total of 104/153 (68%) individuals contacted participated in the study at a median of 14 years of age (range 10-77 years). There were infantile hemangioma …


Abatacept Pharmacokinetics And Exposure Response In Patients Hospitalized With Covid-19: A Secondary Analysis Of The Activ-1 Im Randomized Clinical Trial, Stephen J Balevic, Daniel K Benjamin, William G Powderly, P Brian Smith, Daniel Gonzalez, Matthew W Mccarthy, Linda K Shaw, Christopher J Lindsell, Sam Bozzette, Daphne Williams, Benjamin P Linas, John Blamoun, Heta Javeri, Christoph P Hornik, Activ-1 Im Study Group Apr 2024

Abatacept Pharmacokinetics And Exposure Response In Patients Hospitalized With Covid-19: A Secondary Analysis Of The Activ-1 Im Randomized Clinical Trial, Stephen J Balevic, Daniel K Benjamin, William G Powderly, P Brian Smith, Daniel Gonzalez, Matthew W Mccarthy, Linda K Shaw, Christopher J Lindsell, Sam Bozzette, Daphne Williams, Benjamin P Linas, John Blamoun, Heta Javeri, Christoph P Hornik, Activ-1 Im Study Group

2020-Current year OA Pubs

IMPORTANCE: The pharmacokinetics of abatacept and the association between abatacept exposure and outcomes in patients with severe COVID-19 are unknown.

OBJECTIVE: To characterize abatacept pharmacokinetics, relate drug exposure with clinical outcomes, and evaluate the need for dosage adjustments.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This study is a secondary analysis of data from the ACTIV-1 (Accelerating COVID-19 Therapeutic Interventions and Vaccines) Immune Modulator (IM) randomized clinical trial conducted between October 16, 2020, and December 31, 2021. The trial included hospitalized adults who received abatacept in addition to standard of care for treatment of COVID-19 pneumonia. Data analysis was performed between September 2022 …


Reliability And Validity Of Smartphone Cognitive Testing For Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration, Adam M Staffaroni, Nupur Ghoshal, Jason Hassenstab, Et Al. Apr 2024

Reliability And Validity Of Smartphone Cognitive Testing For Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration, Adam M Staffaroni, Nupur Ghoshal, Jason Hassenstab, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

IMPORTANCE: Frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) is relatively rare, behavioral and motor symptoms increase travel burden, and standard neuropsychological tests are not sensitive to early-stage disease. Remote smartphone-based cognitive assessments could mitigate these barriers to trial recruitment and success, but no such tools are validated for FTLD.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability and validity of smartphone-based cognitive measures for remote FTLD evaluations.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: In this cohort study conducted from January 10, 2019, to July 31, 2023, controls and participants with FTLD performed smartphone application (app)-based executive functioning tasks and an associative memory task 3 times over 2 weeks. …


Severity Of Respiratory Syncytial Virus Vs Covid-19 And Influenza Among Hospitalized Us Adults, Diya Surie, Jennie H Kwon, Et Al. Apr 2024

Severity Of Respiratory Syncytial Virus Vs Covid-19 And Influenza Among Hospitalized Us Adults, Diya Surie, Jennie H Kwon, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

IMPORTANCE: On June 21, 2023, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommended the first respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) vaccines for adults aged 60 years and older using shared clinical decision-making. Understanding the severity of RSV disease in adults can help guide this clinical decision-making.

OBJECTIVE: To describe disease severity among adults hospitalized with RSV and compare it with the severity of COVID-19 and influenza disease by vaccination status.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: In this cohort study, adults aged 18 years and older admitted to the hospital with acute respiratory illness and laboratory-confirmed RSV, SARS-CoV-2, or influenza infection were prospectively …


Abatacept Pharmacokinetics And Exposure Response In Patients Hospitalized With Covid-19: A Secondary Analysis Of The Activ-1 Im Randomized Clinical Trial, Stephen J Balevic, Daniel K Benjamin, William G Powderly, P Brian Smith, Daniel Gonzalez, Matthew W Mccarthy, Linda K Shaw, Christopher J Lindsell, Sam Bozzette, Daphne Williams, Benjamin P Linas, John Blamoun, Heta Javeri, Christoph P Hornik Apr 2024

Abatacept Pharmacokinetics And Exposure Response In Patients Hospitalized With Covid-19: A Secondary Analysis Of The Activ-1 Im Randomized Clinical Trial, Stephen J Balevic, Daniel K Benjamin, William G Powderly, P Brian Smith, Daniel Gonzalez, Matthew W Mccarthy, Linda K Shaw, Christopher J Lindsell, Sam Bozzette, Daphne Williams, Benjamin P Linas, John Blamoun, Heta Javeri, Christoph P Hornik

Journal Articles

IMPORTANCE: The pharmacokinetics of abatacept and the association between abatacept exposure and outcomes in patients with severe COVID-19 are unknown.

OBJECTIVE: To characterize abatacept pharmacokinetics, relate drug exposure with clinical outcomes, and evaluate the need for dosage adjustments.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This study is a secondary analysis of data from the ACTIV-1 (Accelerating COVID-19 Therapeutic Interventions and Vaccines) Immune Modulator (IM) randomized clinical trial conducted between October 16, 2020, and December 31, 2021. The trial included hospitalized adults who received abatacept in addition to standard of care for treatment of COVID-19 pneumonia. Data analysis was performed between September 2022 …


Association Of Nightly Fasting, Meal Frequency, And Skipping Meals With Metabolic Syndrome Among Kuwaiti Adults, Fatema Alkhulaifi, Suad Al-Hooti, Sameer Al-Zenki, Husam Alomirah, Qian Xiao, Wenyaw Chan, Fuqing Wu, Charles Darkoh Mar 2024

Association Of Nightly Fasting, Meal Frequency, And Skipping Meals With Metabolic Syndrome Among Kuwaiti Adults, Fatema Alkhulaifi, Suad Al-Hooti, Sameer Al-Zenki, Husam Alomirah, Qian Xiao, Wenyaw Chan, Fuqing Wu, Charles Darkoh

Journal Articles

Mounting evidence suggests that meal timing and frequency are associated with cardiometabolic health by influencing circadian rhythms. However, the evidence is inconsistent and limited, especially in non-Western cultures. This cross-sectional study aims to investigate the association between temporal habits of dietary intake, such as nightly fasting duration and meal frequency, and metabolic syndrome among Kuwaiti adults. A 24-hour recall was used to assess temporal habits of dietary intake. Meal frequency was defined as the number of daily eating episodes. The study included a total of 757 adults aged 20 years and older. The participants' mean age was 37.8 ± 12.3 …


Association Of Nightly Fasting, Meal Frequency, And Skipping Meals With Metabolic Syndrome Among Kuwaiti Adults, Fatema Alkhulaifi, Suad Al-Hooti, Sameer Al-Zenki, Husam Alomirah, Qian Xiao, Wenyaw Chan, Fuqing Wu, Charles Darkoh Mar 2024

Association Of Nightly Fasting, Meal Frequency, And Skipping Meals With Metabolic Syndrome Among Kuwaiti Adults, Fatema Alkhulaifi, Suad Al-Hooti, Sameer Al-Zenki, Husam Alomirah, Qian Xiao, Wenyaw Chan, Fuqing Wu, Charles Darkoh

Journal Articles

Mounting evidence suggests that meal timing and frequency are associated with cardiometabolic health by influencing circadian rhythms. However, the evidence is inconsistent and limited, especially in non-Western cultures. This cross-sectional study aims to investigate the association between temporal habits of dietary intake, such as nightly fasting duration and meal frequency, and metabolic syndrome among Kuwaiti adults. A 24-hour recall was used to assess temporal habits of dietary intake. Meal frequency was defined as the number of daily eating episodes. The study included a total of 757 adults aged 20 years and older. The participants' mean age was 37.8 ± 12.3 …


Health Care Costs Among Patients With Hematologic Malignancies Receiving Allogeneic Transplants: A Us Payer Perspective, Richard Maziarz, Usama Gergis, Marie Louise Edwards, Yan Song, Qing Liu, Annika Anderson, James Signorovitch, Rocio Manghani, Ronit Simantov, Heayoung Shin, Smitha Sivaraman Mar 2024

Health Care Costs Among Patients With Hematologic Malignancies Receiving Allogeneic Transplants: A Us Payer Perspective, Richard Maziarz, Usama Gergis, Marie Louise Edwards, Yan Song, Qing Liu, Annika Anderson, James Signorovitch, Rocio Manghani, Ronit Simantov, Heayoung Shin, Smitha Sivaraman

Department of Medical Oncology Faculty Papers

Patients with hematologic malignancies undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant (allo-HCT) require extensive care. Using the Merative MarketScan Commercial Claims and Encounters database (2016 Q1-2020 Q2), we quantified the costs of care and assessed real-world complication rates among commercially insured US patients diagnosed with a hematologic malignancy and aged between 12 and 64 years undergoing inpatient allo-HCT. Health care resource use and costs were assessed from 100 days before HCT to 100 days after HCT. Primary hospitalization was defined as the time from HCT until first discharge date. Incidence of complications was assessed using medical billing codes from HCT date to …


Reports Of Covid-19 Vaccine Adverse Events In Predominantly Republican Vs Democratic States, David A Asch, Chongliang Luo, Yong Chen Mar 2024

Reports Of Covid-19 Vaccine Adverse Events In Predominantly Republican Vs Democratic States, David A Asch, Chongliang Luo, Yong Chen

2020-Current year OA Pubs

IMPORTANCE: Antivaccine sentiment is increasingly associated with conservative political positions. Republican-inclined states exhibit lower COVID-19 vaccination rates, but the association between political inclination and reported vaccine adverse events (AEs) is unexplored.

OBJECTIVE: To assess whether there is an association between state political inclination and the reporting rates of COVID-19 vaccine AEs.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This cross-sectional study used the AE reports after COVID-19 vaccination from the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) database from 2020 to 2022, with reports after influenza vaccines from 2019 to 2022 used as a reference. These reports were examined against state-level percentage of Republican …


Secretory Leukocyte Protease Inhibitor Protects Against Severe Urinary Tract Infection In Mice, Anne L Rosen, Michael A Lint, Dayne H Voelker, Nicole M Gilbert, Christopher P Tomera, Jesús Santiago-Borges, Meghan A Wallace, Thomas J Hannan, Carey-Ann D Burnham, Scott J Hultgren, Andrew L Kau Feb 2024

Secretory Leukocyte Protease Inhibitor Protects Against Severe Urinary Tract Infection In Mice, Anne L Rosen, Michael A Lint, Dayne H Voelker, Nicole M Gilbert, Christopher P Tomera, Jesús Santiago-Borges, Meghan A Wallace, Thomas J Hannan, Carey-Ann D Burnham, Scott J Hultgren, Andrew L Kau

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Millions suffer from urinary tract infections (UTIs) worldwide every year with women accounting for the majority of cases. Uropathogenic


Utilization Of Augmented Reality Head-Mounted Display For The Surgical Management Of Thoracolumbar Spinal Trauma, Michael Ryan Kann, Miguel A Ruiz-Cardozo, Samuel Brehm, Tim Bui, Karan Joseph, Karma Barot, Gabriel Trevino, Abigail Carey-Ewend, Som P Singh, Matthew De La Paz, Ahmed Hanafy, Michael Olufawo, Rujvee P Patel, Alexander T Yahanda, Alexander Perdomo-Pantoja, Magalie Cadieux, Brenton Pennicooke, Camilo A Molina, Et Al. Feb 2024

Utilization Of Augmented Reality Head-Mounted Display For The Surgical Management Of Thoracolumbar Spinal Trauma, Michael Ryan Kann, Miguel A Ruiz-Cardozo, Samuel Brehm, Tim Bui, Karan Joseph, Karma Barot, Gabriel Trevino, Abigail Carey-Ewend, Som P Singh, Matthew De La Paz, Ahmed Hanafy, Michael Olufawo, Rujvee P Patel, Alexander T Yahanda, Alexander Perdomo-Pantoja, Magalie Cadieux, Brenton Pennicooke, Camilo A Molina, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

No abstract provided.


Immune Response To Sars-Cov-2 Variants After Immunization With Different Vaccines In Mexico, Erika Garay, Sean P J Whelan, Rebecca M Dubois, Sara M O'Rourke, Angel Eduardo Salgado-Escobar, José Esteban Muñoz-Medina, Carlos F Arias, Susana López Feb 2024

Immune Response To Sars-Cov-2 Variants After Immunization With Different Vaccines In Mexico, Erika Garay, Sean P J Whelan, Rebecca M Dubois, Sara M O'Rourke, Angel Eduardo Salgado-Escobar, José Esteban Muñoz-Medina, Carlos F Arias, Susana López

2020-Current year OA Pubs

There is limited information on the antibody responses against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in subjects from developing countries with populations having a high incidence of co-morbidities. Here, we analysed the immunogenicity of homologous schemes using the ChAdOx1-S, Sputnik V, or BNT162b2 vaccines and the effect of a booster dose with ChAdOx1-S in middle-aged adults who were seropositive or seronegative to the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein before vaccination. The study was conducted post-vaccination with a follow-up of 4 months for antibody titre using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and pseudovirus (PV) neutralization assays (PNAs). All three vaccines elicited a superior …


Patterns Of Self-Care Decision-Making And Associated Factors: A Cross-Sectional Observational Study, Christopher S Lee, Kenneth E Freedland, Tiny Jaarsma, Anna Strömberg, Ercole Vellone, Shayleigh Dickson Page, Heleen Westland, Sara Pettersson, Michelle Van Rijn, Subhash Aryal, Andrew Belfiglio, Douglas Wiebe, Barbara Riegel Feb 2024

Patterns Of Self-Care Decision-Making And Associated Factors: A Cross-Sectional Observational Study, Christopher S Lee, Kenneth E Freedland, Tiny Jaarsma, Anna Strömberg, Ercole Vellone, Shayleigh Dickson Page, Heleen Westland, Sara Pettersson, Michelle Van Rijn, Subhash Aryal, Andrew Belfiglio, Douglas Wiebe, Barbara Riegel

2020-Current year OA Pubs

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify for the first time patterns of self-care decision-making (i.e. the extent to which participants viewed contextual factors influencing decisions about symptoms) and associated factors among community-dwelling adults with chronic illness.

METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of data collected during the development and psychometric evaluation of the 27-item Self-Care Decisions Inventory that is based on Naturalistic Decision-Making (n = 430, average age = 54.9 ± 16.2 years, 70.2 % female, 87.0 % Caucasian, average number of chronic conditions = 3.6 ± 2.8). Latent class mixture modeling was used to identify patterns …


Calorie Restriction Reduces Biomarkers Of Cellular Senescence In Humans, Zaira Aversa, Susan B Racette, Et Al. Feb 2024

Calorie Restriction Reduces Biomarkers Of Cellular Senescence In Humans, Zaira Aversa, Susan B Racette, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Calorie restriction (CR) with adequate nutrient intake is a potential geroprotective intervention. To advance this concept in humans, we tested the hypothesis that moderate CR in healthy young-to-middle-aged individuals would reduce circulating biomarkers of cellular senescence, a fundamental mechanism of aging and aging-related conditions. Using plasma specimens from the Comprehensive Assessment of Long-term Effects of Reducing Intake of Energy (CALERIE™) phase 2 study, we found that CR significantly reduced the concentrations of several senescence biomarkers at 12 and 24 months compared to an ad libitum diet. Using machine learning, changes in biomarker concentrations emerged as important predictors of the change …


The Role Of Palliative Care Consultation In Withdrawal Of Life-Sustaining Treatment Among Icu Patients Receiving Veno-Venous Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (Vv-Ecmo): A Retrospective Case-Control Study., Gabriel Patarroyo-Aponte, Saeed Shoar, Deptmer M Ashley, Ali Noorbaksh, Dev Patel, Alisha Y Young, Bindu H Akkanti, Mark T Warner, Maria M Patarroyo-Aponte, Biswajit Kar, Igor D Gregoric, Caroline Ha, Bela Patel Feb 2024

The Role Of Palliative Care Consultation In Withdrawal Of Life-Sustaining Treatment Among Icu Patients Receiving Veno-Venous Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (Vv-Ecmo): A Retrospective Case-Control Study., Gabriel Patarroyo-Aponte, Saeed Shoar, Deptmer M Ashley, Ali Noorbaksh, Dev Patel, Alisha Y Young, Bindu H Akkanti, Mark T Warner, Maria M Patarroyo-Aponte, Biswajit Kar, Igor D Gregoric, Caroline Ha, Bela Patel

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


The Role Of Palliative Care Consultation In Withdrawal Of Life-Sustaining Treatment Among Icu Patients Receiving Veno-Venous Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (Vv-Ecmo): A Retrospective Case-Control Study, Gabriel Patarroyo-Aponte, Saeed Shoar, Deptmer M Ashley, Ali Noorbaksh, Dev Patel, Alisha Y Young, Bindu H Akkanti, Mark T Warner, Maria M Patarroyo-Aponte, Biswajit Kar, Igor D Gregoric, Caroline Ha, Bela Patel Feb 2024

The Role Of Palliative Care Consultation In Withdrawal Of Life-Sustaining Treatment Among Icu Patients Receiving Veno-Venous Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (Vv-Ecmo): A Retrospective Case-Control Study, Gabriel Patarroyo-Aponte, Saeed Shoar, Deptmer M Ashley, Ali Noorbaksh, Dev Patel, Alisha Y Young, Bindu H Akkanti, Mark T Warner, Maria M Patarroyo-Aponte, Biswajit Kar, Igor D Gregoric, Caroline Ha, Bela Patel

Journal Articles

Background: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has extended the survivability of critically ill patients beyond their unsupported prognosis and has widened the timeframe for making an informed decision about the goal of care. However, an extended time window for survival does not necessarily translate into a better outcome and the sustaining treatment is ultimately withdrawn in many patients. Emerging evidence has implicated the determining role of palliative care consult (PCC) in direction of the care that critically ill patients receive. Objective: To evaluate the impact of PCC in withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment (WOLST) among critically ill patients, who were placed on …


The Role Of Palliative Care Consultation In Withdrawal Of Life-Sustaining Treatment Among Icu Patients Receiving Veno-Venous Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (Vv-Ecmo): A Retrospective Case-Control Study, Gabriel Patarroyo-Aponte, Saeed Shoar, Deptmer M Ashley, Ali Noorbaksh, Dev Patel, Alisha Y Young, Bindu H Akkanti, Mark T Warner, Maria M Patarroyo-Aponte, Biswajit Kar, Igor D Gregoric, Caroline Ha, Bela Patel Feb 2024

The Role Of Palliative Care Consultation In Withdrawal Of Life-Sustaining Treatment Among Icu Patients Receiving Veno-Venous Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (Vv-Ecmo): A Retrospective Case-Control Study, Gabriel Patarroyo-Aponte, Saeed Shoar, Deptmer M Ashley, Ali Noorbaksh, Dev Patel, Alisha Y Young, Bindu H Akkanti, Mark T Warner, Maria M Patarroyo-Aponte, Biswajit Kar, Igor D Gregoric, Caroline Ha, Bela Patel

Journal Articles

Background: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has extended the survivability of critically ill patients beyond their unsupported prognosis and has widened the timeframe for making an informed decision about the goal of care. However, an extended time window for survival does not necessarily translate into a better outcome and the sustaining treatment is ultimately withdrawn in many patients. Emerging evidence has implicated the determining role of palliative care consult (PCC) in direction of the care that critically ill patients receive. Objective: To evaluate the impact of PCC in withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment (WOLST) among critically ill patients, who were placed on …