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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Testing For Homologous Recombination Repair Or Homologous Recombination Deficiency For Poly (Adp-Ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors: A Current Perspective, Thomas J Herzog, Ignace Vergote, Leonard G Gomella, Tsveta Milenkova, Tim French, Raffi Tonikian, Christian Poehlein, Maha Hussain Jan 2023

Testing For Homologous Recombination Repair Or Homologous Recombination Deficiency For Poly (Adp-Ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors: A Current Perspective, Thomas J Herzog, Ignace Vergote, Leonard G Gomella, Tsveta Milenkova, Tim French, Raffi Tonikian, Christian Poehlein, Maha Hussain

Department of Urology Faculty Papers

Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors (PARPis) have demonstrated clinical activity in patients with BRCA1 and/or BRCA2 mutated breast, ovarian, prostate, and pancreatic cancers. Notably, BRCA mutations are associated with defects in the homologous recombination repair (HRR) pathway. This homologous recombination deficiency (HRD) phenotype can also be observed as genomic instability in tumour cells. Accordingly, PARPi sensitivity has been observed in various tumours with HRD, independent of BRCA mutations. Currently, four PARPis are approved by regulatory agencies for the treatment of cancer across multiple tumour types. Most indications are specific to tumours with a confirmed BRCA mutation, mutations in other HRR-related genes, …


Vitamin D3 Supplementation At 5000 Iu Daily For The Prevention Of Influenza-Like Illness In Healthcare Workers: A Pragmatic Randomized Clinical Trial., Noud Van Helmond, Tracy L Brobyn, Patrick J Lariccia, Teresa Cafaro, Krystal Hunter, Satyajeet Roy, Brigid Bandomer, Kevin Q Ng, Helen Goldstein, Ludmil V Mitrev, Alan Tsai, Denise Thwing, Mary Ann Maag, Myung K Chung Dec 2022

Vitamin D3 Supplementation At 5000 Iu Daily For The Prevention Of Influenza-Like Illness In Healthcare Workers: A Pragmatic Randomized Clinical Trial., Noud Van Helmond, Tracy L Brobyn, Patrick J Lariccia, Teresa Cafaro, Krystal Hunter, Satyajeet Roy, Brigid Bandomer, Kevin Q Ng, Helen Goldstein, Ludmil V Mitrev, Alan Tsai, Denise Thwing, Mary Ann Maag, Myung K Chung

Cooper Medical School of Rowan University Faculty Scholarship

Vitamin D supplementation has been shown to reduce the incidence of acute respiratory infections in populations at risk. The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the importance of preventing viral infections in healthcare workers. The aim of this study was to assess the hypothesis that vitamin D3 supplementation at 5000 IU daily reduces influenza-like illness (ILI), including COVID-19, in healthcare workers. We conducted a prospective, controlled trial at a tertiary university hospital. A random group of healthcare workers was invited to receive 5000 IU daily vitamin D3 supplementation for nine months, while other random healthcare system workers served as controls. All healthcare …


Community Engagement For Birth Preparedness And Complication Readiness In The Community Level Interventions For Pre-Eclampsia (Clip) Trial In India: A Mixed-Method Evaluation, Avinash Kavi, Mai-Lei Woo Kinshella, Umesh Y Ramadurg, Umesh Charantimath, Geetanjali M Katageri, Chandrashekhar C Karadiguddi, Narayan V Honnungar, Shashidhar G Bannale, Geetanjali I Mungarwadi, Jeffrey N Bone, Marianne Vidler, Laura Magee, Ashalata Mallapur, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Mrutyunjaya Bellad, Richard Derman, Peter Von Dadelszen, The Clip India Working Group Dec 2022

Community Engagement For Birth Preparedness And Complication Readiness In The Community Level Interventions For Pre-Eclampsia (Clip) Trial In India: A Mixed-Method Evaluation, Avinash Kavi, Mai-Lei Woo Kinshella, Umesh Y Ramadurg, Umesh Charantimath, Geetanjali M Katageri, Chandrashekhar C Karadiguddi, Narayan V Honnungar, Shashidhar G Bannale, Geetanjali I Mungarwadi, Jeffrey N Bone, Marianne Vidler, Laura Magee, Ashalata Mallapur, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Mrutyunjaya Bellad, Richard Derman, Peter Von Dadelszen, The Clip India Working Group

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Papers

Objective: To describe the process of community engagement (CE) in northern Karnataka, India and its impact on pre-eclampsia knowledge, birth preparedness and complication readiness, pregnancy-related care seeking and maternal morbidity.

Design: This study was a secondary analysis of a cluster randomised trial of Community Level Interventions for Pre-eclampsia (CLIP). A total of 12 clusters based on primary health centre catchment areas were randomised to intervention or control. CE was conducted in intervention clusters. CE attendance was summarised according to participant group using both quantitative and qualitative assessment. Pre-eclampsia knowledge, birth preparedness, health services engagement and perinatal outcomes was evaluated within …


Efficacy And Safety Of Pacritinib Vs Placebo For Patients With Severe Covid-19: A Phase 2 Randomized Clinical Trial, John Cafardi, Carole Miller, Howard Terebelo, Chad Tewell, Sadia Benzaquen, David Park, Pamela Egan, Daniel Lebovic, Kristen Pettit, Eric Whitman, Douglas Tremblay, Jonathan Feld, Sarah Buckley, Karisse Roman-Torres, Jennifer Smith, Adam Craig, John Mascarenhas Dec 2022

Efficacy And Safety Of Pacritinib Vs Placebo For Patients With Severe Covid-19: A Phase 2 Randomized Clinical Trial, John Cafardi, Carole Miller, Howard Terebelo, Chad Tewell, Sadia Benzaquen, David Park, Pamela Egan, Daniel Lebovic, Kristen Pettit, Eric Whitman, Douglas Tremblay, Jonathan Feld, Sarah Buckley, Karisse Roman-Torres, Jennifer Smith, Adam Craig, John Mascarenhas

Einstein Health Papers

IMPORTANCE: The morbidity and mortality associated with COVID-19 remain high despite advances in standard of care therapy, and the role of anti-inflammatory agents that inhibit the interleukin 6/JAK2 pathway is still being elucidated.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the oral JAK2/IRAK1 inhibitor pacritinib vs placebo in the treatment of adults with severe COVID-19.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This phase 2, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial enrolled hospitalized adult patients with severe COVID-19 at 21 centers across the US between June 2020 and February 2021, with approximately 1.5 months of safety follow-up per patient. Data analysis was performed …


Association Of Initial Sars-Cov-2 Test Positivity With Patient-Reported Well-Being 3 Months After A Symptomatic Illness., Lauren E Wisk, Michael A Gottlieb, Erica S Spatz, Huihui Yu, Ralph C Wang, B. H. Slovis, Sharon Saydah, Ian D Plumb, Kelli N O'Laughlin, Juan Carlos C Montoy, Samuel A Mcdonald, Zhenqiu Lin, Jin-Mann S Lin, Katherine Koo, Ahamed H Idris, Ryan M Huebinger, Mandy J Hill, Nicole L Gentile, Anna Marie Chang, Jill Anderson, Bala Hota, Arjun K Venkatesh, Robert A Weinstein, Joann G Elmore, Graham Nichol Dec 2022

Association Of Initial Sars-Cov-2 Test Positivity With Patient-Reported Well-Being 3 Months After A Symptomatic Illness., Lauren E Wisk, Michael A Gottlieb, Erica S Spatz, Huihui Yu, Ralph C Wang, B. H. Slovis, Sharon Saydah, Ian D Plumb, Kelli N O'Laughlin, Juan Carlos C Montoy, Samuel A Mcdonald, Zhenqiu Lin, Jin-Mann S Lin, Katherine Koo, Ahamed H Idris, Ryan M Huebinger, Mandy J Hill, Nicole L Gentile, Anna Marie Chang, Jill Anderson, Bala Hota, Arjun K Venkatesh, Robert A Weinstein, Joann G Elmore, Graham Nichol

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

IMPORTANCE: Long-term sequelae after symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection may impact well-being, yet existing data primarily focus on discrete symptoms and/or health care use.

OBJECTIVE: To compare patient-reported outcomes of physical, mental, and social well-being among adults with symptomatic illness who received a positive vs negative test result for SARS-CoV-2 infection.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This cohort study was a planned interim analysis of an ongoing multicenter prospective longitudinal registry study (the Innovative Support for Patients With SARS-CoV-2 Infections Registry [INSPIRE]). Participants were enrolled from December 11, 2020, to September 10, 2021, and comprised adults (aged ≥18 years) with acute symptoms suggestive …


Clinical And Economic Evaluation Of A Proteomic Biomarker Preterm Birth Risk Predictor: Cost-Effectiveness Modeling Of Prenatal Interventions Applied To Predicted Higher-Risk Pregnancies Within A Large And Diverse Cohort, Julja Burchard, Glenn R Markenson, George R Saade, Louise C Laurent, Kent D Heyborne, Dean V Coonrod, Corina N Schoen, Jason K. Baxter, David M Haas, Sherri A Longo, Scott A Sullivan, Sarahn M Wheeler, Leonardo M Pereira, Kim A Boggess, Angela F Hawk, Amy H Crockett, Ryan Treacy, Angela C Fox, Ashoka D Polpitiya, Tracey C Fleischer, Thomas J Garite, J Jay Boniface, John A F Zupancic, Gregory C Critchfield, Paul E Kearney Dec 2022

Clinical And Economic Evaluation Of A Proteomic Biomarker Preterm Birth Risk Predictor: Cost-Effectiveness Modeling Of Prenatal Interventions Applied To Predicted Higher-Risk Pregnancies Within A Large And Diverse Cohort, Julja Burchard, Glenn R Markenson, George R Saade, Louise C Laurent, Kent D Heyborne, Dean V Coonrod, Corina N Schoen, Jason K. Baxter, David M Haas, Sherri A Longo, Scott A Sullivan, Sarahn M Wheeler, Leonardo M Pereira, Kim A Boggess, Angela F Hawk, Amy H Crockett, Ryan Treacy, Angela C Fox, Ashoka D Polpitiya, Tracey C Fleischer, Thomas J Garite, J Jay Boniface, John A F Zupancic, Gregory C Critchfield, Paul E Kearney

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Papers

Objectives: Preterm birth occurs in more than 10% of U.S. births and is the leading cause of U.S. neonatal deaths, with estimated annual costs exceeding $25 billion USD. Using real-world data, we modeled the potential clinical and economic utility of a prematurity-reduction program comprising screening in a racially and ethnically diverse population with a validated proteomic biomarker risk predictor, followed by case management with or without pharmacological treatment.

Methods: The ACCORDANT microsimulation model used individual patient data from a prespecified, randomly selected sub-cohort (N = 847) of a multicenter, observational study of U.S. subjects receiving standard obstetric care with …


Myocardial Infarction With Nonobstructive Coronary Arteries In New-Onset Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Benjamin B. Claxton, George Sun, Ritu Nahar, Christopher Henry Dec 2022

Myocardial Infarction With Nonobstructive Coronary Arteries In New-Onset Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Benjamin B. Claxton, George Sun, Ritu Nahar, Christopher Henry

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Faculty Papers

No abstract provided.


Wellness And Coping Of Physicians Who Worked In Icus During The Pandemic: A Multicenter Cross-Sectional North American Survey, Karen E. A. Burns, Rachel K. Mcdonald, Et Al. Dec 2022

Wellness And Coping Of Physicians Who Worked In Icus During The Pandemic: A Multicenter Cross-Sectional North American Survey, Karen E. A. Burns, Rachel K. Mcdonald, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

OBJECTIVES: Few surveys have focused on physician moral distress, burnout, and professional fulfilment. We assessed physician wellness and coping during the COVID-19 pandemic.

DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey using four validated instruments.

SETTING: Sixty-two sites in Canada and the United States.

SUBJECTS: Attending physicians (adult, pediatric; intensivist, nonintensivist) who worked in North American ICUs.

INTERVENTION: None.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: We analysed 431 questionnaires (43.3% response rate) from 25 states and eight provinces. Respondents were predominantly male (229 [55.6%]) and in practice for 11.8 ± 9.8 years. Compared with prepandemic, respondents reported significant intrapandemic increases in days worked/mo, ICU bed occupancy, and …


Using Genomic Variation To Distinguish Ovarian High-Grade Serous Carcinoma From Benign Fallopian Tubes, Jesus Gonzalez-Bosquet, Nicholas D Cardillo, Henry D Reyes, Brian J Smith, Kimberly K Leslie, David P Bender, Michael J Goodheart, Eric J Devor Nov 2022

Using Genomic Variation To Distinguish Ovarian High-Grade Serous Carcinoma From Benign Fallopian Tubes, Jesus Gonzalez-Bosquet, Nicholas D Cardillo, Henry D Reyes, Brian J Smith, Kimberly K Leslie, David P Bender, Michael J Goodheart, Eric J Devor

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Papers

The preoperative diagnosis of pelvic masses has been elusive to date. Methods for characterization such as CA-125 have had limited specificity. We hypothesize that genomic variation can be used to create prediction models which accurately distinguish high grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSC) from benign tissue.

Methods: In this retrospective, pilot study, we extracted DNA and RNA from HGSC specimens and from benign fallopian tubes. Then, we performed whole exome sequencing and RNA sequencing, and identified single nucleotide variants (SNV), copy number variants (CNV) and structural variants (SV). We used these variants to create prediction models to distinguish cancer from benign …


The Role Of Body Fat Percentage And Vo2max In Predicting Arterial Stiffness In Female College Students, Sara Thomasson, Grant Calhoun, Natalie Pham, Kennedy Kerbs, Sofia Harman, Payton Price, Annika Grams, Ruth Larson, Isaiah Mews, Zachary Zeigler, Anthony Acevedo Nov 2022

The Role Of Body Fat Percentage And Vo2max In Predicting Arterial Stiffness In Female College Students, Sara Thomasson, Grant Calhoun, Natalie Pham, Kennedy Kerbs, Sofia Harman, Payton Price, Annika Grams, Ruth Larson, Isaiah Mews, Zachary Zeigler, Anthony Acevedo

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Within the college population, high blood pressure (BP), as well as obesity and sedentary lifestyles, are seen. Bodyfat influences these outcomes. Much of the literature ignores the possible effects that fitness may have on these outcomes, specifically in females. Purpose: The intent of this study was to determine if VOMAX can predict arterial stiffness after adjusting for body fat% in college females. Methods: Healthy young females were recruited from Grand Canyon University. Subjects came to the lab for a single visit for the following assessments: height, weight, waist circumference, hip circumference, aortic BP, augmentation pressure (AP), augmentation index adjusted …


Molecular Subclasses Of Clear Cell Ovarian Carcinoma And Their Impact On Disease Behavior And Outcomes, Kelly L Bolton, Irenaeus C C Chan, Brian J Wiley, Et Al. Nov 2022

Molecular Subclasses Of Clear Cell Ovarian Carcinoma And Their Impact On Disease Behavior And Outcomes, Kelly L Bolton, Irenaeus C C Chan, Brian J Wiley, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

PURPOSE: To identify molecular subclasses of clear cell ovarian carcinoma (CCOC) and assess their impact on clinical presentation and outcomes.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We profiled 421 primary CCOCs that passed quality control using a targeted deep sequencing panel of 163 putative CCOC driver genes and whole transcriptome sequencing of 211 of these tumors. Molecularly defined subgroups were identified and tested for association with clinical characteristics and overall survival.

RESULTS: We detected a putative somatic driver mutation in at least one candidate gene in 95% (401/421) of CCOC tumors including ARID1A (in 49% of tumors), PIK3CA (49%), TERT (20%), and TP53 (16%). …


Microrna Analysis In Maternal Blood Of Pregnancies With Preterm Premature Rupture Of Membranes Reveals A Distinct Expression Profile, Michail Spiliopoulos, Andrew Haddad, Huda B Al-Kouatly, Saeed Haleema, Michael J Paidas, Sara N Iqbal, Robert I Glazer Nov 2022

Microrna Analysis In Maternal Blood Of Pregnancies With Preterm Premature Rupture Of Membranes Reveals A Distinct Expression Profile, Michail Spiliopoulos, Andrew Haddad, Huda B Al-Kouatly, Saeed Haleema, Michael J Paidas, Sara N Iqbal, Robert I Glazer

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Papers

OBJECTIVE: To determine the expression profile of microRNAs in the peripheral blood of pregnant women with preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) compared to that of healthy pregnant women.

STUDY DESIGN: This was a pilot study with case-control design in pregnant patients enrolled between January 2017 and June 2019. Patients with healthy pregnancies and those affected by PPROM between 20- and 33+6 weeks of gestation were matched by gestational age and selected for inclusion to the study. Patients were excluded for multiple gestation and presence of a major obstetrical complication such as preeclampsia, diabetes, fetal growth restriction and stillbirth. A …


Active Vs Traditional Methods Of Recruiting Children For A Clinical Trial In Rural Primary Care Clinics: A Cluster-Randomized Clinical Trial, Paul M Darden, Ann M Davis, Jeannette Y Lee, Milan Bimali, Alan E Simon, Andrew M Atz, Crystal S Lim, Thao-Ly Phan, James R Roberts, Russell J Mcculloh, Lee Pyles, Michelle Shaffer, Jessica N Snowden Nov 2022

Active Vs Traditional Methods Of Recruiting Children For A Clinical Trial In Rural Primary Care Clinics: A Cluster-Randomized Clinical Trial, Paul M Darden, Ann M Davis, Jeannette Y Lee, Milan Bimali, Alan E Simon, Andrew M Atz, Crystal S Lim, Thao-Ly Phan, James R Roberts, Russell J Mcculloh, Lee Pyles, Michelle Shaffer, Jessica N Snowden

Department of Pediatrics Faculty Papers

Importance: To our knowledge, there are no published randomized clinical trials of recruitment strategies. Rigorously evaluated successful recruitment strategies for children are needed.

Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of 2 recruitment methods for enrolling rural children through primary care clinics to assess whether either or both methods are sufficiently effective for enrolling participants into a clinical trial of a behavioral telehealth intervention for children with overweight or obesity.

Design, setting, and participants: This cluster-randomized clinical trial of 2 recruitment methods was conducted at 4 primary care clinics in 4 separate states. Each clinic used both recruitment methods in random order. …


Association Of Noncontrast Computed Tomography And Perfusion Modalities With Outcomes In Patients Undergoing Late-Window Stroke Thrombectomy, Guilherme B F Porto, Ching-Jen Chen, Sami Al Kasab, Muhammed Amir Essibayi, Eyad Almallouhi, Zachary Hubbard, Reda Chalhoub, Ali Alawieh, Ilko Maier, Marios-Nikos Psychogios, Stacey Q Wolfe, Pascal Jabbour, Ansaar Rai, Robert M Starke, Amir Shaban, Adam Arthur, Joon-Tae Kim, Shinichi Yoshimura, Jonathan Grossberg, Peter Kan, Isabel Fragata, Adam Polifka, Joshua Osbun, Justin Mascitelli, Michael R Levitt, Richard Williamson, Daniele G Romano, Roberto Crosa, Benjamin Gory, Maxim Mokin, Kaustubh S Limaye, Walter Casagrande, Mark Moss, Ramesh Grandhi, Albert Yoo, Alejandro M Spiotta, Min S Park Nov 2022

Association Of Noncontrast Computed Tomography And Perfusion Modalities With Outcomes In Patients Undergoing Late-Window Stroke Thrombectomy, Guilherme B F Porto, Ching-Jen Chen, Sami Al Kasab, Muhammed Amir Essibayi, Eyad Almallouhi, Zachary Hubbard, Reda Chalhoub, Ali Alawieh, Ilko Maier, Marios-Nikos Psychogios, Stacey Q Wolfe, Pascal Jabbour, Ansaar Rai, Robert M Starke, Amir Shaban, Adam Arthur, Joon-Tae Kim, Shinichi Yoshimura, Jonathan Grossberg, Peter Kan, Isabel Fragata, Adam Polifka, Joshua Osbun, Justin Mascitelli, Michael R Levitt, Richard Williamson, Daniele G Romano, Roberto Crosa, Benjamin Gory, Maxim Mokin, Kaustubh S Limaye, Walter Casagrande, Mark Moss, Ramesh Grandhi, Albert Yoo, Alejandro M Spiotta, Min S Park

Department of Neurosurgery Faculty Papers

Importance: There is substantial controversy with regards to the adequacy and use of noncontrast head computed tomography (NCCT) for late-window acute ischemic stroke in selecting candidates for mechanical thrombectomy.

Objective: To assess clinical outcomes of patients with acute ischemic stroke presenting in the late window who underwent mechanical thrombectomy stratified by NCCT admission in comparison with selection by CT perfusion (CTP) and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI).

Design, setting, and participants: In this multicenter retrospective cohort study, prospectively maintained Stroke Thrombectomy and Aneurysm (STAR) database was used by selecting patients within the late window of acute ischemic stroke and emergent large vessel …


Real-World Utilization And Outcomes Of Systemic Therapy Among Patients With Advanced Or Recurrent Endometrial Cancer In The United States, Jinan Liu, Bruno Emond, Eric M Maiese, Marie-Hélène Lafeuille, Patrick Lefebvre, Isabelle Ghelerter, Caterina Wu, Jean A Hurteau, Premal H Thaker Nov 2022

Real-World Utilization And Outcomes Of Systemic Therapy Among Patients With Advanced Or Recurrent Endometrial Cancer In The United States, Jinan Liu, Bruno Emond, Eric M Maiese, Marie-Hélène Lafeuille, Patrick Lefebvre, Isabelle Ghelerter, Caterina Wu, Jean A Hurteau, Premal H Thaker

2020-Current year OA Pubs

OBJECTIVE: Evaluate systemic therapy utilization patterns and outcomes by line of therapy among patients with advanced/recurrent endometrial cancer (EC) treated in the United States.

METHODS: This retrospective observational study used the Optum Clinformatics Extended Data Mart Date of Death database (1 January 2004-31 December 2019) and included de-identified data from adult patients with advanced/recurrent EC who were treated with first-line (1L) platinum-based chemotherapy and initiated second-line (2L) anti-neoplastic therapy. The index date was the date of 1L therapy initiation. The number and sequence of treatments received and the proportion of patients who received each type of treatment for each line …


Genetic Testing To Inform Epilepsy Treatment Management From An International Study Of Clinical Practice, Dianalee Mcknight, Ana Morales, Kathryn E. Hatchell, Sara L. Bristow, Joshua L. Bonkowsky, Michael Scott Perry, Anne T. Berg, Felippe Borlot, Edward D. Esplin, Chad Moretz, Katie Angione, Loreto Ríos-Pohl, Robert L. Nussbaum, Swaroop Aradhya, Chad R. Haldeman-Englert, Rebecca J. Levy, Venu G. Parachuri, Guillermo Lay-Son, David J. Dávila-Ortiz De Montellano, Miguel Angel Ramirez-Garcia, Edmar O. Benítez Alonso, Julie Ziobro, Adela Chirita-Emandi, Temis M. Felix, Dianne Kulasa-Luke, Andre Megarbane, Shefali Karkare, Sarah L. Chagnon, Jennifer B. Humberson, Melissa J. Assaf, Sebastian Silva, Katherine Zarroli, Oksana Boyarchuk, Gary R. Nelson, Rachel Palmquist, Katherine C. Hammond, Sean T. Hwang, Susan B. Boutlier, Melinda Nolan, Kaitlin Y. Batley, Devraj Chavda, Carlos Alberto Reyes-Silva, Oleksandr Miroshnikov, Britton Zuccarelli, Louise Amlie-Wolf, James W. Wheless, Syndi Seinfeld, Manoj Kanhangad, Jeremy L. Freeman, Susana Monroy-Santoyo, Natalia Rodriguez-Vazquez, Monique M. Ryan, Michelle Machie, Patricio Guerra, Muhammad Jawad Hassan, Meghan S. Candee, Caleb P. Bupp, Kristen L. Park, Eric Muller, Pamela Lupo, Robert C. Pedersen, Amir M. Arain, Andrea Murphy, Krista Schatz, Weiyi Mu, Paige M. Kalika, Lautaro Plaza, Marissa A. Kellogg, Evelyn G. Lora, Robert P. Carson, Victoria Svystilnyk, Viviana Venegas, Rebecca R. Luke, Huiyuan Jiang, Tetiana Stetsenko, Milagros M. Dueñas-Roque, Joseph Trasmonte, Rebecca J. Burke, Anna C. E. Hurst, Douglas M. Smith, Lauren J. Massingham, Laura Pisani, Carrie E. Costin, Betsy Ostrander, Francis M. Filloux, Amitha L. Ananth, Ismail S. Mohamed, Alla Nechai, Jasmin M. Dao, Michael C. Fahey, Ermal Aliu, Stephen Falchek, Craig A. Press, Lauren Treat, Krista Eschbach, Angela Starks, Ryan Kammeyer, Joshua J. Bear, Mona Jacobson, Veronika Chernuha, Bailey Meibos, Kristen Wong, Matthew T. Sweney, A. Chris Espinoza, Colin B. Van Orman, Arie Weinstock, Ashutosh Kumar, Claudia Soler-Alfonso, Danielle A. Nolan, Muhammad Raza, Miguel David Rojas Carrion, Geetha Chari, Eric D. Marsh, Yael Shiloh-Malawsky, Sumit Parikh, Ernesto Gonzalez-Giraldo, Stephen Fulton, Yoshimi Sogawa, Kaitlyn Burns, Myroslava Malets, Johnny David Montiel Blanco, Christa W. Habela, Carey A. Wilson, Guillermo G. Guzmán, Mariia Pavliuk Oct 2022

Genetic Testing To Inform Epilepsy Treatment Management From An International Study Of Clinical Practice, Dianalee Mcknight, Ana Morales, Kathryn E. Hatchell, Sara L. Bristow, Joshua L. Bonkowsky, Michael Scott Perry, Anne T. Berg, Felippe Borlot, Edward D. Esplin, Chad Moretz, Katie Angione, Loreto Ríos-Pohl, Robert L. Nussbaum, Swaroop Aradhya, Chad R. Haldeman-Englert, Rebecca J. Levy, Venu G. Parachuri, Guillermo Lay-Son, David J. Dávila-Ortiz De Montellano, Miguel Angel Ramirez-Garcia, Edmar O. Benítez Alonso, Julie Ziobro, Adela Chirita-Emandi, Temis M. Felix, Dianne Kulasa-Luke, Andre Megarbane, Shefali Karkare, Sarah L. Chagnon, Jennifer B. Humberson, Melissa J. Assaf, Sebastian Silva, Katherine Zarroli, Oksana Boyarchuk, Gary R. Nelson, Rachel Palmquist, Katherine C. Hammond, Sean T. Hwang, Susan B. Boutlier, Melinda Nolan, Kaitlin Y. Batley, Devraj Chavda, Carlos Alberto Reyes-Silva, Oleksandr Miroshnikov, Britton Zuccarelli, Louise Amlie-Wolf, James W. Wheless, Syndi Seinfeld, Manoj Kanhangad, Jeremy L. Freeman, Susana Monroy-Santoyo, Natalia Rodriguez-Vazquez, Monique M. Ryan, Michelle Machie, Patricio Guerra, Muhammad Jawad Hassan, Meghan S. Candee, Caleb P. Bupp, Kristen L. Park, Eric Muller, Pamela Lupo, Robert C. Pedersen, Amir M. Arain, Andrea Murphy, Krista Schatz, Weiyi Mu, Paige M. Kalika, Lautaro Plaza, Marissa A. Kellogg, Evelyn G. Lora, Robert P. Carson, Victoria Svystilnyk, Viviana Venegas, Rebecca R. Luke, Huiyuan Jiang, Tetiana Stetsenko, Milagros M. Dueñas-Roque, Joseph Trasmonte, Rebecca J. Burke, Anna C. E. Hurst, Douglas M. Smith, Lauren J. Massingham, Laura Pisani, Carrie E. Costin, Betsy Ostrander, Francis M. Filloux, Amitha L. Ananth, Ismail S. Mohamed, Alla Nechai, Jasmin M. Dao, Michael C. Fahey, Ermal Aliu, Stephen Falchek, Craig A. Press, Lauren Treat, Krista Eschbach, Angela Starks, Ryan Kammeyer, Joshua J. Bear, Mona Jacobson, Veronika Chernuha, Bailey Meibos, Kristen Wong, Matthew T. Sweney, A. Chris Espinoza, Colin B. Van Orman, Arie Weinstock, Ashutosh Kumar, Claudia Soler-Alfonso, Danielle A. Nolan, Muhammad Raza, Miguel David Rojas Carrion, Geetha Chari, Eric D. Marsh, Yael Shiloh-Malawsky, Sumit Parikh, Ernesto Gonzalez-Giraldo, Stephen Fulton, Yoshimi Sogawa, Kaitlyn Burns, Myroslava Malets, Johnny David Montiel Blanco, Christa W. Habela, Carey A. Wilson, Guillermo G. Guzmán, Mariia Pavliuk

Department of Pediatrics Faculty Papers

IMPORTANCE: It is currently unknown how often and in which ways a genetic diagnosis given to a patient with epilepsy is associated with clinical management and outcomes.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how genetic diagnoses in patients with epilepsy are associated with clinical management and outcomes.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study of patients referred for multigene panel testing between March 18, 2016, and August 3, 2020, with outcomes reported between May and November 2020. The study setting included a commercial genetic testing laboratory and multicenter clinical practices. Patients with epilepsy, regardless of sociodemographic features, who received a …


Comparison Of Metagenomic Sequencing And The Nanostring Ncounter Analysis System For The Characterization Of Bacterial And Viral Communities In Vaginal Samples, Todd N Wylie, Jane Schrimpf, Haley Gula, Brandi N Herter, Kristine M Wylie Oct 2022

Comparison Of Metagenomic Sequencing And The Nanostring Ncounter Analysis System For The Characterization Of Bacterial And Viral Communities In Vaginal Samples, Todd N Wylie, Jane Schrimpf, Haley Gula, Brandi N Herter, Kristine M Wylie

2020-Current year OA Pubs

DNA sequencing assays have been used to characterize the vaginal microbiome and to identify associations with clinical outcomes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of the NanoString nCounter platform, a more efficient assay compared to sequencing, for the characterization of vaginal microbial communities. A panel of NanoString nCounter probes was designed to detect common vaginal bacteria and viruses with relevance to reproductive health. A defined synthetic community of microbes and 43 clinical samples were interrogated with NanoString nCounter assays and compared to known compositions or metagenomic shotgun sequencing (MSS) results. The NanoString nCounter platform and MSS …


The Impact Of Tsc-1 And -2 Mutations On Response To Therapy In Malignant Pecoma: A Multicenter Retrospective Analysis, Lawrence Liu, Nikhil Grandhi, Yang Lyu, Xiao Zhang, Jingqin Luo, Mia Weiss, Brian Van Tine, Angela C Hirbe, Et Al. Oct 2022

The Impact Of Tsc-1 And -2 Mutations On Response To Therapy In Malignant Pecoma: A Multicenter Retrospective Analysis, Lawrence Liu, Nikhil Grandhi, Yang Lyu, Xiao Zhang, Jingqin Luo, Mia Weiss, Brian Van Tine, Angela C Hirbe, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

BACKGROUND: Perivascular epithelioid cell neoplasms (PEComas) are a diverse family of mesenchymal tumors with myomelanocytic differentiation that disproportionately affect women and can be associated with tuberous sclerosis (TS). Although mTOR inhibition is widely used as first-line treatment, it is unclear what genomic alterations exist in these tumors and how they influence the response to therapy.

METHODS: This was a multicenter study conducted at five sites within the US. The data were collected from 1 January 2004 to 31 January 2021. We conducted a retrospective analysis to identify PEComa patients with next-generation sequencing (NGS) data and compared outcomes based on mutations. …


Sex Difference Leads To Differential Gene Expression Patterns And Therapeutic Efficacy In Mucopolysaccharidosis Iva Murine Model Receiving Aav8 Gene Therapy, Matthew Matthew Piechnik, Paige C. Amendum, Kazuki Sawamoto, Molly Stapleton, Shaukat Khan, Nidhi Fnu, Victor Álvarez, Angelica Maria Herreño Pachon, Olivier Danos, Joseph T. Bruder, Subha Karumuthil-Melethil, Shunji Tomatsu Oct 2022

Sex Difference Leads To Differential Gene Expression Patterns And Therapeutic Efficacy In Mucopolysaccharidosis Iva Murine Model Receiving Aav8 Gene Therapy, Matthew Matthew Piechnik, Paige C. Amendum, Kazuki Sawamoto, Molly Stapleton, Shaukat Khan, Nidhi Fnu, Victor Álvarez, Angelica Maria Herreño Pachon, Olivier Danos, Joseph T. Bruder, Subha Karumuthil-Melethil, Shunji Tomatsu

Student Papers & Posters

Adeno-associated virus (AAV) vector-based therapies can effectively correct some disease pathology in murine models with mucopolysaccharidoses. However, immunogenicity can limit therapeutic effect as immune responses target capsid proteins, transduced cells, and gene therapy products, ultimately resulting in loss of enzyme activity. Inherent differences in male versus female immune response can significantly impact AAV gene transfer. We aim to investigate sex differences in the immune response to AAV gene therapies in mice with mucopolysaccharidosis IVA (MPS IVA). MPS IVA mice, treated with different AAV vectors expressing human N-acetylgalactosamine 6-sulfate sulfatase (GALNS), demonstrated a more robust antibody response in female mice resulting …


A Comparison Of Bioimpedance Analysis Vs. Dual X-Ray Absorptiometry For Body Composition Assessment In Postpartum Women And Non-Postpartum Controls, Valene Garr Barry, Samantha L Martin, Paula Chandler-Laney, Ebony B Carter, Camille S Worthington Oct 2022

A Comparison Of Bioimpedance Analysis Vs. Dual X-Ray Absorptiometry For Body Composition Assessment In Postpartum Women And Non-Postpartum Controls, Valene Garr Barry, Samantha L Martin, Paula Chandler-Laney, Ebony B Carter, Camille S Worthington

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Postpartum fat mass (FM) and fat-free mass (FFM) may be informative predictors of future disease risk among women; hence, there is growing use of bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) to quantify FFM and FM among postpartum women due to the quick, non-invasive, and inexpensive nature of BIA. Despite this, very few studies have examined BIA's performance, and it remains unclear as to whether specific BIA equations are needed for postpartum women. To explore these questions, we measured total body FFM and FM with a multi-frequency, segmental BIA, and dual-X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in (1) women at one and four months postpartum (


Prenatal Exposure To Maternal Social Disadvantage And Psychosocial Stress And Neonatal White Matter Connectivity At Birth, Rachel E Lean, Christopher D Smyser, Rebecca G Brady, Regina L Triplett, Sydney Kaplan, Jeanette K Kenley, Joshua S Shimony, Tara A Smyser, J Phillip Miller, Deanna M Barch, Joan L Luby, Barbara B Warner, Cynthia E Rogers Oct 2022

Prenatal Exposure To Maternal Social Disadvantage And Psychosocial Stress And Neonatal White Matter Connectivity At Birth, Rachel E Lean, Christopher D Smyser, Rebecca G Brady, Regina L Triplett, Sydney Kaplan, Jeanette K Kenley, Joshua S Shimony, Tara A Smyser, J Phillip Miller, Deanna M Barch, Joan L Luby, Barbara B Warner, Cynthia E Rogers

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Early life adversity (social disadvantage and psychosocial stressors) is associated with altered microstructure in fronto-limbic pathways important for socioemotional development. Understanding when these associations begin to emerge may inform the timing and design of preventative interventions. In this longitudinal study, 399 mothers were oversampled for low income and completed social background measures during pregnancy. Measures were analyzed with structural equation analysis resulting in two latent factors: social disadvantage (education, insurance status, income-to-needs ratio [INR], neighborhood deprivation, and nutrition) and psychosocial stress (depression, stress, life events, and racial discrimination). At birth, 289 healthy term-born neonates underwent a diffusion MRI (dMRI) scan. …


Differential Patterns And Outcomes Of 20.6 Million Cardiovascular Emergency Department Encounters For Men And Women In The United States., Zahra Raisi-Estabragh, Ofer Kobo, Ayman Elbadawi, Poonam Velagapudi, Garima Sharma, Renee P Bullock-Palmer, Steffen E Petersen, Laxmi S Mehta, Waqas Ullah, Ariel Roguin, Louise Y Sun, Mamas A Mamas Oct 2022

Differential Patterns And Outcomes Of 20.6 Million Cardiovascular Emergency Department Encounters For Men And Women In The United States., Zahra Raisi-Estabragh, Ofer Kobo, Ayman Elbadawi, Poonam Velagapudi, Garima Sharma, Renee P Bullock-Palmer, Steffen E Petersen, Laxmi S Mehta, Waqas Ullah, Ariel Roguin, Louise Y Sun, Mamas A Mamas

Division of Cardiology Faculty Papers

Background We describe sex-differential disease patterns and outcomes of >20.6 million cardiovascular emergency department encounters in the United States. Methods and Results We analyzed primary cardiovascular encounters from the Nationwide Emergency Department Sample between 2016 and 2018. We grouped cardiovascular diagnoses into 15 disease categories. The sample included 48.7% women; median age was 67 (interquartile range, 54-78) years. Men had greater overall baseline comorbidity burden; however, women had higher rates of obesity, hypertension, and cerebrovascular disease. For women, the most common emergency department encounters were essential hypertension (16.0%), hypertensive heart or kidney disease (14.1%), and atrial fibrillation/flutter (10.2%). For men, …


Towards A Common Lexicon For Equity, Diversity, And Inclusion Work In Academic Medicine, José E Rodríguez, Edgar Figueroa, Kendall M Campbell, Judy C Washington, Octavia Amaechi, Tanya Anim, Kari-Claudia Allen, Krys Foster, Maia Hightower, Yury Parra, Maria H Wusu, William A Smith, Mary Ann Villarreal, Linda H Pololi Oct 2022

Towards A Common Lexicon For Equity, Diversity, And Inclusion Work In Academic Medicine, José E Rodríguez, Edgar Figueroa, Kendall M Campbell, Judy C Washington, Octavia Amaechi, Tanya Anim, Kari-Claudia Allen, Krys Foster, Maia Hightower, Yury Parra, Maria H Wusu, William A Smith, Mary Ann Villarreal, Linda H Pololi

Department of Family & Community Medicine Faculty Papers

Differential rewarding of work and experience has been a longtime feature of academic medicine, resulting in a series of academic disparities. These disparities have been collectively called a cultural or minority "tax," and, when considered beyond academic medicine, exist across all departments, colleges, and schools of institutions of higher learning-from health sciences to disciplines located on university campuses outside of medicine and health. A shared language can provide opportunities for those who champion this work to pool resources for larger impacts across the institution. This article aims to catalog the terms used across academic medicine disciplines to establish a common …


Sex-Specific Considerations In Degenerative Aortic Stenosis For Female-Tailored Transfemoral Aortic Valve Implantation Management, Giulia Masiero, Valeria Paradies, Anna Franzone, Barbara Bellini, Chiara De Biase, Nicole Karam, Francesca Sanguineti, Mamas A Mamas, Hélène Eltchaninoff, Chiara Fraccaro, Battistina Castiglioni, Tiziana Attisano, Giovanni Esposito, Alaide Chieffo Oct 2022

Sex-Specific Considerations In Degenerative Aortic Stenosis For Female-Tailored Transfemoral Aortic Valve Implantation Management, Giulia Masiero, Valeria Paradies, Anna Franzone, Barbara Bellini, Chiara De Biase, Nicole Karam, Francesca Sanguineti, Mamas A Mamas, Hélène Eltchaninoff, Chiara Fraccaro, Battistina Castiglioni, Tiziana Attisano, Giovanni Esposito, Alaide Chieffo

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

The impact of sex on pathophysiological processes, clinical presentation, treatment options, as well as outcomes of degenerative aortic stenosis remain poorly understood. Female patients are well represented in transfemoral aortic valve implantation (TAVI) trials and appear to derive favorable outcomes with TAVI. However, higher incidences of major bleeding, vascular complications, and stroke have been reported in women following TAVI. The anatomical characteristics and pathophysiological features of aortic stenosis in women might guide a tailored planning of the percutaneous approach. We highlight whether a sex-based TAVI management strategy might impact on clinical outcomes. This review aimed to evaluate the impact of …


Health-Related Quality Of Life In Older Patients With Heart Failure From Before To Early After Advanced Surgical Therapies: Findings From The Sustain-It Study, Kathleen L. Grady, Justin Hartupee, Et Al. Oct 2022

Health-Related Quality Of Life In Older Patients With Heart Failure From Before To Early After Advanced Surgical Therapies: Findings From The Sustain-It Study, Kathleen L. Grady, Justin Hartupee, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

BACKGROUND: Restoring health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is a therapeutic goal for older patients with advanced heart failure. We aimed to describe change in HRQOL in older patients (60-80 years) awaiting heart transplantation (HT) with or without pretransplant mechanical circulatory support (MCS) or scheduled for long-term MCS, if ineligible for HT, from before to 6 months after these surgeries and identify factors associated with change.

METHODS: Patients from 13 US sites completed the EuroQol 5-dimension 3L questionnaire and Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire-12 at baseline and 3 and 6 months after HT or long-term MCS. Analyses included univariate comparisons and multivariable …


Targeting Pim2 By Jp11646 Results In Significant Antitumor Effects In Solid Tumors, Eriko Katsuta, Malgorzata Gil-Moore, Justine Moore, Mohamed Yousif, Alex A Adjei, Yi Ding, Justin Caserta, Carmen M Baldino, Kelvin P Lee, Irwin H Gelman, Kazuaki Takabe, Mateusz Opyrchal Oct 2022

Targeting Pim2 By Jp11646 Results In Significant Antitumor Effects In Solid Tumors, Eriko Katsuta, Malgorzata Gil-Moore, Justine Moore, Mohamed Yousif, Alex A Adjei, Yi Ding, Justin Caserta, Carmen M Baldino, Kelvin P Lee, Irwin H Gelman, Kazuaki Takabe, Mateusz Opyrchal

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Proviral integration of Moloney virus 2 (PIM2) is a pro‑survival factor of cancer cells and a possible therapeutic target in hematological malignancies. However, the attempts at inhibiting PIM2 have yielded underwhelming results in early clinical trials on hematological malignancies. Recently, a novel pan‑PIM inhibitor, JP11646, was developed. The present study examined the utility of targeting PIM2 in multiple solid cancers and investigated the antitumor efficacy and the mechanisms of action of JP11646. When PIM2 expression was compared between normal and cancer tissues in publicly available datasets, PIM2 was found to be overexpressed in several types of solid cancers. PIM2 ectopic …


Antimicrobial Stewardship For Sepsis In The Intensive Care Unit: Survey Of Critical Care And Infectious Diseases Physicians, M Cristina Vazquez Guillamet, Jason P Burnham, Maria Pérez, Marin H Kollef, Constantine A Manthous, Donna B Jeffe Oct 2022

Antimicrobial Stewardship For Sepsis In The Intensive Care Unit: Survey Of Critical Care And Infectious Diseases Physicians, M Cristina Vazquez Guillamet, Jason P Burnham, Maria Pérez, Marin H Kollef, Constantine A Manthous, Donna B Jeffe

2020-Current year OA Pubs

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the attitudes of infectious diseases (ID) and critical care physicians toward antimicrobial stewardship in the intensive care unit (ICU).

DESIGN: Anonymous, cross-sectional, web-based surveys.

SETTING: Surveys were completed in March-November 2017, and data were analyzed from December 2017 to December 2019.

PARTICIPANTS: ID and critical care fellows and attending physicians.

METHODS: We included 10 demographic and 17 newly developed, 5-point, Likert-scaled items measuring attitudes toward ICU antimicrobial stewardship and transdisciplinary collaboration. Exploratory principal components analysis (PCA) was used for data reduction. Multivariable linear regression models explored demographic and attitudinal variables.

RESULTS: Of 372 respondents, 315 physicians had …


Public Health Information Seeking, Trust, And Covid-19 Prevention Behaviors: Cross-Sectional Study, Emmanuel Kwabena Tetteh, Todd Combs, Elvin Hsing Geng, Virginia Ruth Mckay Sep 2022

Public Health Information Seeking, Trust, And Covid-19 Prevention Behaviors: Cross-Sectional Study, Emmanuel Kwabena Tetteh, Todd Combs, Elvin Hsing Geng, Virginia Ruth Mckay

2020-Current year OA Pubs

BACKGROUND: Preventative health measures such as shelter in place and mask wearing have been widely encouraged to curb the spread of the COVID-19 disease. People's attitudes toward preventative behaviors may be dependent on their sources of information and trust in the information.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to understand the relationship between trusting in COVID-19 information and preventative behaviors in a racially and politically diverse metropolitan area in the United States.

METHODS: We conducted a web-based cross-sectional survey of residents in St. Louis City and County in Missouri. Individuals aged ≥18 years were eligible to participate. Participants were …


Quantification Of Ovarian Lesion And Fallopian Tube Vasculature Using Optical-Resolution Photoacoustic Microscopy, Xiandong Leng, Sitai Kou, Yixiao Lin, Andrea R Hagemann, Ian S Hagemann, Premal H Thaker, Lindsay M Kuroki, Carolyn K Mccourt, David G Mutch, Cary Siegel, Matthew A Powell, Quing Zhu Sep 2022

Quantification Of Ovarian Lesion And Fallopian Tube Vasculature Using Optical-Resolution Photoacoustic Microscopy, Xiandong Leng, Sitai Kou, Yixiao Lin, Andrea R Hagemann, Ian S Hagemann, Premal H Thaker, Lindsay M Kuroki, Carolyn K Mccourt, David G Mutch, Cary Siegel, Matthew A Powell, Quing Zhu

2020-Current year OA Pubs

The heterogeneity in the pathological and clinical manifestations of ovarian cancer is a major hurdle impeding early and accurate diagnosis. A host of imaging modalities, including Doppler ultrasound, MRI, and CT, have been investigated to improve the assessment of ovarian lesions. We hypothesized that pathologic conditions might affect the ovarian vasculature and that these changes might be detectable by optical-resolution photoacoustic microscopy (OR-PAM). In our previous work, we developed a benchtop OR-PAM and demonstrated it on a limited set of ovarian and fallopian tube specimens. In this study, we collected data from over 50 patients, supporting a more robust statistical …


High Prevalence Of Chronic Viral Hepatitis B And C In Minnesota Somalis Contributes To Rising Hepatocellular Carcinoma Incidence, Essa A Mohamed, Joyce E Balls-Berry, Et Al. Sep 2022

High Prevalence Of Chronic Viral Hepatitis B And C In Minnesota Somalis Contributes To Rising Hepatocellular Carcinoma Incidence, Essa A Mohamed, Joyce E Balls-Berry, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

BACKGROUND: Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections are known risk factors for liver disease, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). There is substantial global variation in HBV and HCV prevalence resulting in variations in cirrhosis and HCC. We previously reported high prevalence of HBV and HCV infections in Somali immigrants seen at an academic medical center in Minnesota.

AIM: To determine the prevalence of chronic viral hepatitis in Somali immigrants in Minnesota through a community-based screening program.

METHODS: We conducted a prospective community-based participatory research study in the Somali community in Minnesota in partnership with community …