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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

The Mentored Experience To Enhance Opportunities In Research (Meteor) Program., Lisa Schwartz, Naomi Luban, Alison Hall, Diane Mcquail, Yolanda Haywood Dec 2022

The Mentored Experience To Enhance Opportunities In Research (Meteor) Program., Lisa Schwartz, Naomi Luban, Alison Hall, Diane Mcquail, Yolanda Haywood

Health Sciences Education Research

PROBLEM: Medical students from groups that are underrepresented in medicine are less likely to pursue careers that incorporate research as compared to their white peers. Clinical and Translational Science Award (CTSA)-funded institutions encouraged centers to establish short-term, mentored summer research opportunities to motivate students underrepresented in medicine to enroll in medical school and ideally choose a career that incorporates research into their clinical practice.

APPROACH: The Mentored Experience To Enhance Opportunities in Research (METEOR) Program was established in 2012 in partnership with the Clinical and Translational Science Institute at Children's National (CTSI-CN) and The George Washington University (GW ...


Iv Sotalol Use In Pediatric And Congenital Heart Patients: A Multicenter Registry Study., Lindsey Malloy-Walton, Nicholas H. Von Bergen, Seshadri Balaji, Peter S. Fischbach, Jason M. Garnreiter, S Yukiko Asaki, Jeffrey P. Moak, Luis A. Ochoa, Philip M. Chang, Hoang H. Nguyen, Akash R. Patel, Christa Kirk, Ashley K. Sherman, Jennifer N. Avari Silva, J Philip Saul May 2022

Iv Sotalol Use In Pediatric And Congenital Heart Patients: A Multicenter Registry Study., Lindsey Malloy-Walton, Nicholas H. Von Bergen, Seshadri Balaji, Peter S. Fischbach, Jason M. Garnreiter, S Yukiko Asaki, Jeffrey P. Moak, Luis A. Ochoa, Philip M. Chang, Hoang H. Nguyen, Akash R. Patel, Christa Kirk, Ashley K. Sherman, Jennifer N. Avari Silva, J Philip Saul

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Background There is limited information regarding the clinical use and effectiveness of IV sotalol in pediatric patients and patients with congenital heart disease, including those with severe myocardial dysfunction. A multicenter registry study was designed to evaluate the safety, efficacy, and dosing of IV sotalol. Methods and Results A total of 85 patients (age 1 day-36 years) received IV sotalol, of whom 45 (53%) had additional congenital cardiac diagnoses and 4 (5%) were greater than 18 years of age. In 79 patients (93%), IV sotalol was used to treat supraventricular tachycardia and 4 (5%) received it to treat ventricular arrhythmias ...


A Community Educational Intervention To Improve Firearm Safety Behavior In Families, Elizabeth G. Choma Msn, Rn, Cpnp-Pc Apr 2022

A Community Educational Intervention To Improve Firearm Safety Behavior In Families, Elizabeth G. Choma Msn, Rn, Cpnp-Pc

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: Every day in America children, are injured or killed from the accidental shooting of firearms. Additionally, few households with children report storing all guns unloaded and locked up. Recent evidence supports education on safe firearm storage as an effective intervention in promoting firearm safety in families with children. However, Pediatric healthcare providers often do not have enough time for firearm education during well visits.

Objective: This Quality Improvement (QI) project aimed to use an educational intervention with statistics on firearms in children and implemented the Asking Saves Kids (ASK) campaign to assess and improve firearm safety behaviors in families ...


Barriers, Access And Management Of Paediatric Epilepsy With Telehealth., Kari Gali, Sucheta Joshi, Sarah Hueneke, Alexis Katzenbach, Linda Radecki, Trisha Calabrese, Linda Fletcher, Cristina Trandafir, Carey Wilson, Monisha Goyal, Courtney J. Wusthoff, Jean-Baptist Lepichon, Rhonda Corvalan, April Golson, Jessica Hardy, Michael Smith, Elizabeth Cook, Joshua L. Bonkowsky Apr 2022

Barriers, Access And Management Of Paediatric Epilepsy With Telehealth., Kari Gali, Sucheta Joshi, Sarah Hueneke, Alexis Katzenbach, Linda Radecki, Trisha Calabrese, Linda Fletcher, Cristina Trandafir, Carey Wilson, Monisha Goyal, Courtney J. Wusthoff, Jean-Baptist Lepichon, Rhonda Corvalan, April Golson, Jessica Hardy, Michael Smith, Elizabeth Cook, Joshua L. Bonkowsky

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Access to paediatric neurology care is complex, resulting in significant wait times and negative patient outcomes. The goal of the American Academy of Pediatrics National Coordinating Center for Epilepsy's project, Access Improvement and Management of Epilepsy with Telehealth (AIM-ET), was to identify access and management challenges in the deployment of telehealth technology. AIM-ET organised four paediatric neurology teams to partner with primary-care providers (PCP) and their multidisciplinary teams. Telehealth visits were conducted for paediatric epilepsy patients. A post-visit survey assessed access and satisfaction with the telehealth visit compared to an in-person visit. Pre/post surveys completed by PCPs and ...


Pediatric Growth Patterns In Youth-Onset Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Implications For Physiologically-Based Pharmacokinetic Models., Chelsea M. Hosey, Kelsee Halpin, Valentina Shakhnovich, Chengpeng Bi, Brooke Sweeney, Yun Yan, J Steven Leeder Apr 2022

Pediatric Growth Patterns In Youth-Onset Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Implications For Physiologically-Based Pharmacokinetic Models., Chelsea M. Hosey, Kelsee Halpin, Valentina Shakhnovich, Chengpeng Bi, Brooke Sweeney, Yun Yan, J Steven Leeder

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

An accurate understanding of the changes in height and weight of children with age is critical to the development of models predicting drug concentrations in children (i.e., physiologically-based pharmacokinetic models). However, curves describing the growth of a typical population of children may not accurately characterize growth of children with various conditions, such as obesity. Therefore, to develop height and weight versus age growth curves for youth who were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, we extracted data from electronic medical records. Robust nonlinear models were parameterized to the equations describing height and weight versus age as defined by the Centers ...


Parents' Reports Of Children's Physical And Sedentary Behavior Engagement Among Parents In Weight Management, Catherine Van Fossen, Haley Kiser, Callie Lambert Brown, Joseph Skelton, Keeley Jean Pratt Mar 2022

Parents' Reports Of Children's Physical And Sedentary Behavior Engagement Among Parents In Weight Management, Catherine Van Fossen, Haley Kiser, Callie Lambert Brown, Joseph Skelton, Keeley Jean Pratt

Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior Faculty Papers

Background: The purpose of this study was to explore the associations between demographics, family exercise participation, family discouragement of exercise, and the children's physical and sedentary behaviors to identify specific areas of physical activity intervention for children with parents engaged in medical weight management (MWM).

Methods: Parents (n = 294) of children aged 2-18 years old were recruited from two university MWM programs to complete a one-time survey. Bivariate analyses tested associations.

Results: Parents reported that sedentary activity was higher for children who identified as racial minorities (t(141) = -2.05, p < 0.05). Mobile phone and tablet use was higher for adolescents compared to school age and young children (H(2) = 10.96, p < 01) Exercise game use was higher for racial minority children compared to white children (U = 9440.5, z = 2.47, p ≤ 0.03). Male children (t(284) = 1.83, p < 0.07), children perceived to have a healthy weight status (t(120) = 4.68, p < 0.00), and younger children (t(289) = 1.79, p < 0.08) all engaged in more strenuous physical activity. Family exercise participation (t(162) = -2.93, p < 0.01) and family discouragement of exercise (U = 7813.50, z = -2.06, p ≤ 0.04) were significantly higher for children in racial minority families.

Conclusions: Future work should determine methods to engage ...


Intersecting Disadvantages For Married Adolescents: Life After Marriage Pre- And Post-Covid-19 In Contexts Of Displacement., Sarah Baird, Maureen Murphy, Jennifer Seager, Nicola Jones, Anju Malhotra, Sarah Alheiwidi, Guday Emirie, Sabina Rashid, Maheen Sultan Mar 2022

Intersecting Disadvantages For Married Adolescents: Life After Marriage Pre- And Post-Covid-19 In Contexts Of Displacement., Sarah Baird, Maureen Murphy, Jennifer Seager, Nicola Jones, Anju Malhotra, Sarah Alheiwidi, Guday Emirie, Sabina Rashid, Maheen Sultan

Global Health Faculty Publications

PURPOSE: Although there is a growing evidence base on the drivers of child marriage, comparatively little is known about the experiences of married girls in refugee settings and how their development trajectories diverge from those of their nonmarried peers, particularly in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Drawing on cross-national panel data from Bangladesh and Jordan, this article explores diversity in child marriage experiences in contexts affected by forced displacement, highlighting how married girls' well-being differs from that of their unmarried peers, and how COVID-19 has reinforced these differences.

METHODS: We analyzed longitudinal survey data-collected pre- and post-COVID-19-from the Gender ...


Parasite Dynamics In Untreated Horses Through One Calendar Year, Ashley E. Steuer, Haley P. Anderson, Taylor Shepherd, Morgan Clark, Jessica A. Scare, Holli S. Gravatte, Martin K. Nielsen Feb 2022

Parasite Dynamics In Untreated Horses Through One Calendar Year, Ashley E. Steuer, Haley P. Anderson, Taylor Shepherd, Morgan Clark, Jessica A. Scare, Holli S. Gravatte, Martin K. Nielsen

Veterinary Science Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Horses are host to a plethora of parasites. Knowledge of the seasonality of parasite egg shedding and transmission is important for constructing parasite control programs. However, studies describing these patterns are sparse, and have largely been conducted only in the United Kingdom. This study evaluated strongylid egg shedding patterns and transmission dynamics of Strongylus vulgaris in naturally infected and untreated mares and foals through one calendar year in Kentucky, USA. The study also investigated the existence of a peri-parturient rise (PPR) in strongylid egg counts in foaling mares and collected information about Strongyloides westeri and Parascaris spp. in the ...


Bladder Tumor In A Young Leukemic Patient Cured By Chemotherapy: A Case Report, Mohamed Tebaa, Mamoutou Dit Mody, Sylla Mahamadou, Mohamed Amine Lakmichi Feb 2022

Bladder Tumor In A Young Leukemic Patient Cured By Chemotherapy: A Case Report, Mohamed Tebaa, Mamoutou Dit Mody, Sylla Mahamadou, Mohamed Amine Lakmichi

Health Sciences

Adult bladder tumor is estimated to be the 10th most common tumor worldwide. However, its incidence is much less common in children. It is a disease of the elderly that peaks in the sixth decade of life. Nevertheless, bladder tumors could also affect children, adolescents, and young adults with a prevalence of <1% in the first four decades of life. Ethiopathogenically and epidemiologically, the frequent association with congenital malformations can also explain the occurrence of bladder tumors by the cytotoxic action of chemotherapy treatment in the context of hematological malignancies in children. Most bladder neoplasms are surgically resected. Cystoscopy, if possible with biopsy, confirms the diagnosis of anatomy pathology.


Culturally Sensitive Interventions In Pediatric Primary Care Settings: A Systematic Review., William Okoniewski Md, Mangai Sundaram, Diego Chaves-Gnecco, Katie Mcanany, John D Cowden, Maya Ragavan Feb 2022

Culturally Sensitive Interventions In Pediatric Primary Care Settings: A Systematic Review., William Okoniewski Md, Mangai Sundaram, Diego Chaves-Gnecco, Katie Mcanany, John D Cowden, Maya Ragavan

Department of Pediatrics

CONTEXT: Culturally sensitive interventions in the pediatric primary care setting may help reduce health disparities. Less is known on the development of these interventions, their target groups, and their feasibility, acceptability, and impact on health outcomes.

OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review to describe culturally sensitive interventions developed for the pediatric primary care setting.

DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Web of Science, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and PsycInfo (January 2000 to July 2020).

STUDY SELECTION: Studies were eligible for inclusion if they were (1) original research on an intervention with an evaluation, (2) within a pediatric primary care ...


Clinical Influenza Testing Practices In Hospitalized Children At United States Medical Centers, 2015-2018., Mark W. Tenforde, Angela P. Campbell, Marian G. Michaels, Christopher J. Harrison, Eileen J. Klein, Janet A. Englund, Rangaraj Selvarangan, Natasha B. Halasa, Laura S. Stewart, Geoffrey A. Weinberg, John V. Williams, Peter G. Szilagyi, Mary A. Staat, Julie A. Boom, Leila C. Sahni, Monica N. Singer, Parvin H. Azimi, Richard K. Zimmerman, Monica M. Mcneal, H Keipp Talbot, Arnold S. Monto, Emily T. Martin, Manjusha Gaglani, Fernanda P. Silveira, Donald B. Middleton, Jill M. Ferdinands, Melissa A. Rolfes Jan 2022

Clinical Influenza Testing Practices In Hospitalized Children At United States Medical Centers, 2015-2018., Mark W. Tenforde, Angela P. Campbell, Marian G. Michaels, Christopher J. Harrison, Eileen J. Klein, Janet A. Englund, Rangaraj Selvarangan, Natasha B. Halasa, Laura S. Stewart, Geoffrey A. Weinberg, John V. Williams, Peter G. Szilagyi, Mary A. Staat, Julie A. Boom, Leila C. Sahni, Monica N. Singer, Parvin H. Azimi, Richard K. Zimmerman, Monica M. Mcneal, H Keipp Talbot, Arnold S. Monto, Emily T. Martin, Manjusha Gaglani, Fernanda P. Silveira, Donald B. Middleton, Jill M. Ferdinands, Melissa A. Rolfes

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

At nine US hospitals that enrolled children hospitalized with acute respiratory illness (ARI) during 2015-2016 through 2017-2018 influenza seasons, 50% of children with ARI received clinician-initiated testing for influenza and 35% of cases went undiagnosed due to lack of clinician-initiated testing. Marked heterogeneity in testing practice was observed across sites.


Comprehensive Evaluation Of Left Ventricular Deformation Using Speckle Tracking Echocardiography In Normal Children: Comparison Of Three-Dimensional And Two-Dimensional Approaches., Doaa Aly, Nitin Madan, Laura Kuzava, Alison Samrany, Anitha Parthiban Jan 2022

Comprehensive Evaluation Of Left Ventricular Deformation Using Speckle Tracking Echocardiography In Normal Children: Comparison Of Three-Dimensional And Two-Dimensional Approaches., Doaa Aly, Nitin Madan, Laura Kuzava, Alison Samrany, Anitha Parthiban

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: Three-dimensional (3D) speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) can overcome some of the inherent limitations of two-dimensional (2D) STE; however, clinical experience is lacking. We aimed to assess and compare the feasibility, agreement, and reproducibility of left ventricular (LV) global longitudinal (GLS), and regional strain by 3D vs 2D STE in normal children.

METHODS: Healthy pediatric subjects (n = 105, age mean = 11.2 ± 5.5 years) were prospectively enrolled. Three-dimensional and 2D LV GLS, as well as regional strain in 16 myocardial segments were quantified. Bland Altman analysis, intra- class correlation coefficients (ICC), percent error and linear regression were used for ...


A Taxonomy Of Childhood Pedal Cyclist Injuries From Latent Class Analysis: Associations With Factors Pertinent To Prevention, Joseph Piatt Jan 2022

A Taxonomy Of Childhood Pedal Cyclist Injuries From Latent Class Analysis: Associations With Factors Pertinent To Prevention, Joseph Piatt

Department of Neurosurgery Faculty Papers

Background: Studies of pedal cyclist injuries have largely focused on individual injury categories, but every region of the cyclist's body is exposed to potential trauma. Real-world injury patterns can be complex, and isolated injuries to one body part are uncommon among casualties requiring hospitalization. Latent class analysis (LCA) may identify important patterns in heterogeneous samples of qualitative data.

Methods: Data were taken from the Trauma Quality Improvement Program of the American College of Surgeons for 2017. Inclusion criteria were age 18 years or less and an external cause of injury code for pedal cyclist. Injuries were characterized by Abbreviated ...


Effectiveness Of Family-Centred Educational Interventions In The Anxiety, Pain And Behaviours Of Children/Adolescents And Their Parents’ Anxiety In The Perioperative Period: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Ines Martins Esteves, Marcia Silva Coelho, Hugo Neves, Marcia Pestana-Santos, Margarida Reis Santos Jan 2022

Effectiveness Of Family-Centred Educational Interventions In The Anxiety, Pain And Behaviours Of Children/Adolescents And Their Parents’ Anxiety In The Perioperative Period: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Ines Martins Esteves, Marcia Silva Coelho, Hugo Neves, Marcia Pestana-Santos, Margarida Reis Santos

Journal of Perioperative Nursing

Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of family-centred educational interventions on the anxiety, pain and behaviours of children and adolescents (three to 19 years old) and their parents’ anxiety during the perioperative journey.

Design: Systematic review of effectiveness and meta-analysis.

Data sources: MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, SciELO and Sources of unpublished studies OpenGrey, Open Access Theses and Dissertations, and RCAAP – Portugal were systematically searched from January 2007 to April 2021 for available articles in English, Spanish and Portuguese.

Review methods: This review followed the methodology for systematic reviews of effectiveness from Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI). Included ...


Approaches To Examining The Role Of Auditory Evoked Potentials In Early Language Development, Alyssa Janes Jan 2022

Approaches To Examining The Role Of Auditory Evoked Potentials In Early Language Development, Alyssa Janes

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Previous research has suggested a relationship between auditory evoked potentials (AEPs) and spoken language proficiency, but their interactions during the earliest stages of development are not well understood. AEP-Age, an index that estimates the maturity of a child’s AEP relative to same-aged peers, has been effective in investigating this relationship in school-aged children, but has yet to be applied to younger populations. This thesis includes two Stage 1 Manuscripts (Registered Reports) for future studies to (a) assess the utility of AEP-Age to predict chronological age and language ability in 18-48-month-old children, and (b) investigate the relationship between AEP-Age and ...


Otitis Media Practice During The Covid-19 Pandemic., Tal Marom, Jacob Pitaro, Udayan Shah, Sara Torretta, Paola Marchisio, Ayan Kumar, Patrick Barth, Sharon Ovnat Tamir Jan 2022

Otitis Media Practice During The Covid-19 Pandemic., Tal Marom, Jacob Pitaro, Udayan Shah, Sara Torretta, Paola Marchisio, Ayan Kumar, Patrick Barth, Sharon Ovnat Tamir

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Faculty Papers

The global coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has changed the prevalence and management of many pediatric infectious diseases, including acute otitis media (AOM). Coronaviruses are a group of RNA viruses that cause respiratory tract infections in humans. Before the COVID-19 pandemic, coronavirus serotypes OC43, 229E, HKU1, and NL63 were infrequently detected in middle ear fluid (MEF) specimens and nasopharyngeal aspirates in children with AOM during the 1990s and 2000s and were associated with a mild course of the disease. At times when CoV was detected in OM cases, the overall viral load was relatively low. The new severe acute respiratory syndrome ...


An Examination Of The Relationship Between Childhood Punishment And Adult Ipv, Anna G. Griffith Jan 2022

An Examination Of The Relationship Between Childhood Punishment And Adult Ipv, Anna G. Griffith

Honors College Theses

The goal of this project is to examine the relationship between childhood punishment and experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) as an adult. Using an anonymous, self-report survey, students from Georgia Southern University were asked about their experiences with IPV, as well as their experiences of childhood punishment administered by both mother and father. The results show that children who receive corporal, verbal, and emotional punishment from their mother are more likely to experience all forms of IPV later in life. When analyzing the same relationships with fathers, corporal punishment is not associated with IPV while verbal and emotional punishment is.


Evaluation Of Pediatric Rheumatology Telehealth Satisfaction During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Lindsay N Waqar-Cowles, John Chuo, Pamela F Weiss, Sabrina Gmuca, Marianna Lanoue, Jon M Burnham Dec 2021

Evaluation Of Pediatric Rheumatology Telehealth Satisfaction During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Lindsay N Waqar-Cowles, John Chuo, Pamela F Weiss, Sabrina Gmuca, Marianna Lanoue, Jon M Burnham

College of Population Health Faculty Papers

Background: During the Coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, ambulatory pediatric rheumatology healthcare rapidly transformed to a mainly telehealth model. However, pediatric patient and caregiver satisfaction with broadly deployed telehealth programs remains largely unknown. This study aimed to evaluate patient/caregiver satisfaction with telehealth and identify the factors associated with satisfaction in a generalizable sample of pediatric rheumatology patients.

Methods: Patients with an initial telehealth video visit with a rheumatology provider between April and June 2020 were eligible. All patients/caregivers were sent a post-visit survey to assess a modified version of the Telehealth Usability Questionnaire (TUQ) and demographic and clinical characteristics ...


How Physical Activity Implementation Strategies Changed During The Covid-19 Pandemic In Schools Enrolled In The Let’S Go! Program, Alexandra Peary Dec 2021

How Physical Activity Implementation Strategies Changed During The Covid-19 Pandemic In Schools Enrolled In The Let’S Go! Program, Alexandra Peary

Honors College

Childhood obesity is a serious public health issue in the United States. Many children fail to meet the recommended daily physical activity of 60 minutes. Poor metabolic health at a young age puts children and adolescents at a significantly higher risk of developing chronic health issues in adulthood. With the potential to further exacerbate the obesity epidemic, the onset of the Covid-19 pandemic challenged students’ abilities to participate in structured physical activity, such as recess and physical education, due to school closures, strict social distancing guidelines, and hybrid or remote models of learning. This lack of structure and opportunities for ...


Barriers And Facilitators To Implementing Telehealth Services During The Covid-19 Pandemic: A Qualitative Analysis Of Interviews With Cystic Fibrosis Care Team Members., Aricca D Van Citters, Olivia Dieni, Peter Scalia, Christopher Dowd, Kathryn A Sabadosa, Jill D Fliege, Manu Jain, Robert W Miller Md, Clement L Ren Dec 2021

Barriers And Facilitators To Implementing Telehealth Services During The Covid-19 Pandemic: A Qualitative Analysis Of Interviews With Cystic Fibrosis Care Team Members., Aricca D Van Citters, Olivia Dieni, Peter Scalia, Christopher Dowd, Kathryn A Sabadosa, Jill D Fliege, Manu Jain, Robert W Miller Md, Clement L Ren

Department of Pediatrics

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic forced cystic fibrosis (CF) care programs to rapidly shift from in-person care delivery to telehealth. Our objective was to provide a qualitative exploration of facilitators and barriers to: 1) implementing high-quality telehealth and 2) navigating reimbursement for telehealth services.

METHODS: We used data from the 2020 State of Care CF Program Survey (n=286 U.S. care programs) administered in August-September to identify two cohorts of programs, with variation in telehealth quality (n=12 programs) and reimbursement (n=8 programs). We conducted focus groups and semi-structured interviews with CF program directors and coordinators in December 2020 ...


Enterovirus D68-Associated Acute Respiratory Illness ─ New Vaccine Surveillance Network, United States, July-November 2018-2020., Melisa M. Shah, Ariana Perez, Joana Y. Lively, Vasanthi Avadhanula, Julie A. Boom, James Chappell, Janet A. Englund, Wende Fregoe, Natasha B. Halasa, Christopher J. Harrison, Robert W. Hickey, Eileen J. Klein, Monica M. Mcneal, Marian G. Michaels, Mary Moffatt, Catherine Otten, Leila C. Sahni, Elizabeth Schlaudecker, Jennifer E. Schuster, Rangaraj Selvarangan, Mary A. Staat, Laura S. Stewart, Geoffrey A. Weinberg, John V. Williams, Terry Fan Fei Ng, Janell A. Routh, Susan I. Gerber, Meredith L. Mcmorrow, Brian Rha, Claire M. Midgley Nov 2021

Enterovirus D68-Associated Acute Respiratory Illness ─ New Vaccine Surveillance Network, United States, July-November 2018-2020., Melisa M. Shah, Ariana Perez, Joana Y. Lively, Vasanthi Avadhanula, Julie A. Boom, James Chappell, Janet A. Englund, Wende Fregoe, Natasha B. Halasa, Christopher J. Harrison, Robert W. Hickey, Eileen J. Klein, Monica M. Mcneal, Marian G. Michaels, Mary Moffatt, Catherine Otten, Leila C. Sahni, Elizabeth Schlaudecker, Jennifer E. Schuster, Rangaraj Selvarangan, Mary A. Staat, Laura S. Stewart, Geoffrey A. Weinberg, John V. Williams, Terry Fan Fei Ng, Janell A. Routh, Susan I. Gerber, Meredith L. Mcmorrow, Brian Rha, Claire M. Midgley

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) is associated with a broad spectrum of illnesses, including mild to severe acute respiratory illness (ARI) and acute flaccid myelitis (AFM). Enteroviruses, including EV-D68, are typically detected in the United States during late summer through fall, with year-to-year fluctuations. Before 2014, EV-D68 was infrequently reported to CDC (1). However, numbers of EV-D68 detection have increased in recent years, with a biennial pattern observed during 2014-2018 in the United States, after the expansion of surveillance and wider availability of molecular testing. In 2014, a national outbreak of EV-D68 was detected (2). EV-D68 was also reported in 2016 via ...


Sedation And Acute Encephalopathy In A Pediatric Patient Following Ingestion Of Delta-8-Tetrahydrocannabinol Gummies, Peter Akpunonu, Regan A. Baum, Andrew Reckers, Blake Davidson, Ross Ellison, Matthew Riley, Jordan Trecki, Roy Gerona Nov 2021

Sedation And Acute Encephalopathy In A Pediatric Patient Following Ingestion Of Delta-8-Tetrahydrocannabinol Gummies, Peter Akpunonu, Regan A. Baum, Andrew Reckers, Blake Davidson, Ross Ellison, Matthew Riley, Jordan Trecki, Roy Gerona

Emergency Medicine Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND Delta-8 tetrahydrocannabinol (delta-8 THC) is an isomer of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta-9 THC), the primary psychoactive cannabinoid in the marijuana plant. Typically found at lower concentrations in marijuana, delta-8 THC exhibits psychoactive properties similar to delta-9 THC. Products containing delta-8 THC are readily available across the US and currently there is a lack of available confirmatory testing specific to delta-8 THC as there is cross-reactivity to other naturally occurring cannabinoids in standard immunoassays. Pediatric exposures to this substance are on the rise.

CASE REPORT We present a case with laboratory confirmation of a previously healthy 2-year-old girl ingesting approximately 15 mg ...


Effectiveness Of Pfizer-Biontech Mrna Vaccination Against Covid-19 Hospitalization Among Persons Aged 12-18 Years - United States, June-September 2021., Samantha M. Olson, Margaret M. Newhams, Natasha B. Halasa, Ashley M. Price, Julie A. Boom, Leila C. Sahni, Katherine Irby, Tracie C. Walker, Stephanie P. Schwartz, Pia S. Pannaraj, Aline B. Maddux, Tamara T. Bradford, Ryan A. Nofziger, Benjamin J. Boutselis, Melissa L. Cullimore, Elizabeth H. Mack, Jennifer E. Schuster, Shira J. Gertz, Natalie Z. Cvijanovich, Michele Kong, Melissa A. Cameron, Mary A. Staat, Emily R. Levy, Brandon M. Chatani, Kathleen Chiotos, Laura D. Zambrano, Angela P. Campbell, Manish M. Patel, Adrienne G. Randolph, Overcoming Covid-19 Investigators Oct 2021

Effectiveness Of Pfizer-Biontech Mrna Vaccination Against Covid-19 Hospitalization Among Persons Aged 12-18 Years - United States, June-September 2021., Samantha M. Olson, Margaret M. Newhams, Natasha B. Halasa, Ashley M. Price, Julie A. Boom, Leila C. Sahni, Katherine Irby, Tracie C. Walker, Stephanie P. Schwartz, Pia S. Pannaraj, Aline B. Maddux, Tamara T. Bradford, Ryan A. Nofziger, Benjamin J. Boutselis, Melissa L. Cullimore, Elizabeth H. Mack, Jennifer E. Schuster, Shira J. Gertz, Natalie Z. Cvijanovich, Michele Kong, Melissa A. Cameron, Mary A. Staat, Emily R. Levy, Brandon M. Chatani, Kathleen Chiotos, Laura D. Zambrano, Angela P. Campbell, Manish M. Patel, Adrienne G. Randolph, Overcoming Covid-19 Investigators

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine is authorized for use in children and adolescents aged 12-15 years and is licensed by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for persons aged ≥16 (1). A randomized placebo-controlled trial demonstrated an efficacy of 100% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 75.3%-100%) in preventing outpatient COVID-19 in persons aged 12-15 years (2); however, data among adolescents on vaccine effectiveness (VE) against COVID-19 in real-world settings are limited, especially among hospitalized patients. In early September 2021, U.S. pediatric COVID-19 hospitalizations reached the highest level during the pandemic (3,4). In a test-negative, case-control study at 19 pediatric ...


Global Pediatric Pulmonology Alliance (Gppa) Proposal For Covid-19 Vaccination In Children., Lance E Rodewald, Kun-Ling Shen, Yong-Hong Yang, Gary Wing-Kin Wong, Leyla Namazova-Baranova, Lanny J Rosenwasser, Adel S Alharbi, Anne B Chang, Jim Buttery, Basil Elnazir, Ruth A. Etzel, Anne Goh, Hilary Hoey, Rosemary Horne, Eitan Kerem, Antonella Muraro, Chris O'Callaghan, Kazunobu Ouchi, Varinder Singh, Jiu-Yao Wang, Spencer Li, Yu Guan, Yue-Jie Zheng, Zhengde Xie, Gen Lu, Yi Jiang, Xing-Wang Li, Rong-Meng Jiang, Xiao-Chuan Wang, Ji-Kui Deng, Xiao-Xia Lu, Bao-Ping Xu, Zhuang Wei, Lu-Zhao Feng, Zheng-Yan Zhao Oct 2021

Global Pediatric Pulmonology Alliance (Gppa) Proposal For Covid-19 Vaccination In Children., Lance E Rodewald, Kun-Ling Shen, Yong-Hong Yang, Gary Wing-Kin Wong, Leyla Namazova-Baranova, Lanny J Rosenwasser, Adel S Alharbi, Anne B Chang, Jim Buttery, Basil Elnazir, Ruth A. Etzel, Anne Goh, Hilary Hoey, Rosemary Horne, Eitan Kerem, Antonella Muraro, Chris O'Callaghan, Kazunobu Ouchi, Varinder Singh, Jiu-Yao Wang, Spencer Li, Yu Guan, Yue-Jie Zheng, Zhengde Xie, Gen Lu, Yi Jiang, Xing-Wang Li, Rong-Meng Jiang, Xiao-Chuan Wang, Ji-Kui Deng, Xiao-Xia Lu, Bao-Ping Xu, Zhuang Wei, Lu-Zhao Feng, Zheng-Yan Zhao

Environmental and Occupational Health Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Organophosphate Pesticides And Progression Of Chronic Kidney Disease Among Children: A Prospective Cohort Study., Melanie H. Jacobson, Yinxiang Wu, Mengling Liu, Kurunthachalam Kannan, Adela Jing Li, Morgan Robinson, Bradley A. Warady, Susan Furth, Howard Trachtman, Leonardo Trasande Oct 2021

Organophosphate Pesticides And Progression Of Chronic Kidney Disease Among Children: A Prospective Cohort Study., Melanie H. Jacobson, Yinxiang Wu, Mengling Liu, Kurunthachalam Kannan, Adela Jing Li, Morgan Robinson, Bradley A. Warady, Susan Furth, Howard Trachtman, Leonardo Trasande

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Background: Growing evidence suggests that exposure to environmental chemicals, such as pesticides, impacts renal function and chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, it is not clear if pesticides may affect CKD progression and no studies exist in children.

Objectives: The objective of this study was to examine associations between serially measured urinary OP pesticide metabolites and clinical and laboratory measures of kidney function over time among children with CKD.

Methods: This study used data on 618 participants enrolled in the CKD in Children study (CKiD), a cohort study of pediatric CKD patients from the US and Canada. Children were followed over ...


Looking For Consistency In An Uncertain World: Test-Retest Reliability Of Neurophysiological And Behavioral Readouts In Autism., Shlomit Beker, John J Foxe, John Venticinque, Juliana Bates, Elizabeth M Ridgeway, Roseann C Schaaf, Sophie Molholm Sep 2021

Looking For Consistency In An Uncertain World: Test-Retest Reliability Of Neurophysiological And Behavioral Readouts In Autism., Shlomit Beker, John J Foxe, John Venticinque, Juliana Bates, Elizabeth M Ridgeway, Roseann C Schaaf, Sophie Molholm

Department of Occupational Therapy Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are associated with altered sensory processing and perception. Scalp recordings of electrical brain activity time-locked to sensory events (event-related potentials; ERPs) provide precise information on the time-course of related altered neural activity, and can be used to model the cortical loci of the underlying neural networks. Establishing the test-retest reliability of these sensory brain responses in ASD is critical to their use as biomarkers of neural dysfunction in this population.

METHODS: EEG and behavioral data were acquired from 33 children diagnosed with ASD aged 6-9.4 years old, while they performed a child-friendly task at ...


Rapidiron: Reducing Anaemia In Pregnancy In India-A 3-Arm, Randomized-Controlled Trial Comparing The Effectiveness Of Oral Iron With Single-Dose Intravenous Iron In The Treatment Of Iron Deficiency Anaemia In Pregnant Women And Reducing Low Birth Weight Deliveries., Richard J. Derman, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Simal Thind, Sudhir Bhandari, Zubair H. Aghai, Michael Auerbach, Rupsa Boelig, Umesh S. Charantimath, Rosemary Frasso, M. S. Ganachari, Kusum Lata Gaur, Michael K. Georgieff, Frances Jaeger, S. Yogeshkumar, Parth Lalakia, Benjamin Leiby, Mita Majumdar, Amarjeet Mehta, Seema Mehta, Sudhir Mehta, Stephen T. Mennemeyer, Amit P. Revankar, Dharmesh Kumar Sharma, Vanessa Short, Manjunath S Somannavar, Dennis Wallace, Hemang Shah, Manjula Singh, Sufia Askari, Mrutyunjaya B. Bellad, Rapidiron Trial Group Sep 2021

Rapidiron: Reducing Anaemia In Pregnancy In India-A 3-Arm, Randomized-Controlled Trial Comparing The Effectiveness Of Oral Iron With Single-Dose Intravenous Iron In The Treatment Of Iron Deficiency Anaemia In Pregnant Women And Reducing Low Birth Weight Deliveries., Richard J. Derman, Shivaprasad S. Goudar, Simal Thind, Sudhir Bhandari, Zubair H. Aghai, Michael Auerbach, Rupsa Boelig, Umesh S. Charantimath, Rosemary Frasso, M. S. Ganachari, Kusum Lata Gaur, Michael K. Georgieff, Frances Jaeger, S. Yogeshkumar, Parth Lalakia, Benjamin Leiby, Mita Majumdar, Amarjeet Mehta, Seema Mehta, Sudhir Mehta, Stephen T. Mennemeyer, Amit P. Revankar, Dharmesh Kumar Sharma, Vanessa Short, Manjunath S Somannavar, Dennis Wallace, Hemang Shah, Manjula Singh, Sufia Askari, Mrutyunjaya B. Bellad, Rapidiron Trial Group

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Anaemia is a worldwide problem and iron deficiency is the most common cause. In pregnancy, anaemia increases the risk of adverse maternal, foetal and neonatal outcomes. India's anaemia rate is among the highest in the world with India's National Family Health Survey indicating over 50% of pregnant women were affected by anaemia. India's Anaemia Mukt Bharat-Intensified National Iron Plus Initiative aims to reduce the prevalence of anaemia among reproductive-age women, adolescents and children by 3% per year and facilitate the achievement of a Global World Health Assembly 2025 objective to achieve a 50% reduction of anaemia ...


Maternal Resources For Care Are Associated With Child Growth And Early Childhood Development In Bangladesh And Vietnam, Sulochana Basnet, Edward A. Frongillo Jr., Phuong Hong Nguyen, Spencer Moore, Mandana Arabi Sep 2021

Maternal Resources For Care Are Associated With Child Growth And Early Childhood Development In Bangladesh And Vietnam, Sulochana Basnet, Edward A. Frongillo Jr., Phuong Hong Nguyen, Spencer Moore, Mandana Arabi

Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND:

Suboptimal child growth and development are significant problems in low- and middle-income countries. Maternal resources for care may help to improve growth and development. This study examined the association of maternal resources for care on child length, motor development and language development of children 12-23.9 months old.

METHODS:

We used baseline data from the Alive & Thrive household surveys collected in Bangladesh (n = 803) and Vietnam (n = 635). Resources for care were represented by maternal education, knowledge, height, well-nourishment, mental well-being, decision-making, employment, support in chores and perceived support. The regression analyses were adjusted for household wealth and other ...


Associations Between Parent Characteristics And Acceptability Of Exposure-Based Treatments For Child And Adolescent Anxiety, Allison Rumelt Sep 2021

Associations Between Parent Characteristics And Acceptability Of Exposure-Based Treatments For Child And Adolescent Anxiety, Allison Rumelt

Selected Full Text Dissertations, 2011-

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), particularly exposure therapy, is the most effective treatment for anxiety disorders in children and adolescents (Kendall et al., 2005). Little research has been done to explore parent acceptability of treatment for anxiety in children and adolescents, and no research has explored the acceptability of exposure for this population. The purpose of the present study was to examine parent acceptability of exposure for child and adolescent anxiety as well as variables associated with acceptability. Parents completed a demographic questionnaire, the Clinically Useful Anxiety Outcome Scale (Zimmerman et al., 2010), and the Family Accommodation Scale – Anxiety (Lebowitz et al ...


Mortality In Children Treated With Maintenance Peritoneal Dialysis: Findings From The International Pediatric Peritoneal Dialysis Network Registry., Sophie Ploos Van Amstel, Marlies Noordzij, Dagmara Borzych-Duzalka, Nicholas C. Chesnaye, Hong Xu, Lesley Rees, Il-Soo Ha, Zenaida L. Antonio, Nakysa Hooman, William Wong, Karel Vondrak, Yok Chin Yap, Hiren Patel, Maria Szczepanska, Sara Testa, Monica Galanti, Jameela A. Kari, Charlotte Samaille, Sevcan A. Bakkaloglu, Wai-Ming Lai, Luisa Fernanda Rojas, Mabel Sandoval Diaz, Biswanath Basu, Alicia Neu, Bradley A. Warady, Kitty J. Jager, Franz Schaefer Sep 2021

Mortality In Children Treated With Maintenance Peritoneal Dialysis: Findings From The International Pediatric Peritoneal Dialysis Network Registry., Sophie Ploos Van Amstel, Marlies Noordzij, Dagmara Borzych-Duzalka, Nicholas C. Chesnaye, Hong Xu, Lesley Rees, Il-Soo Ha, Zenaida L. Antonio, Nakysa Hooman, William Wong, Karel Vondrak, Yok Chin Yap, Hiren Patel, Maria Szczepanska, Sara Testa, Monica Galanti, Jameela A. Kari, Charlotte Samaille, Sevcan A. Bakkaloglu, Wai-Ming Lai, Luisa Fernanda Rojas, Mabel Sandoval Diaz, Biswanath Basu, Alicia Neu, Bradley A. Warady, Kitty J. Jager, Franz Schaefer

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: Research on pediatric kidney replacement therapy (KRT) has primarily focused on Europe and North America. In this study, we describe the mortality risk of children treated with maintenance peritoneal dialysis (MPD) in different parts of the world and characterize the associated demographic and macroeconomic factors.

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study.

SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Patients younger than 19 years at inclusion into the International Pediatric Peritoneal Dialysis Network registry, who initiated MPD between 1996 and 2017.

EXPOSURE: Region as primary exposure (Asia, Western Europe, Eastern Europe, Latin America, North America, and Oceania). Other demographic, clinical, and macroeconomic (4 income groups ...