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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Clinical And Dosimetric Impact Of 2d Kv Motion Monitoring And Intervention In Liver Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy., Andrew Santoso, Yevgeniy Vinogradskiy, Tyler Robin, Karyn Goodman, Tracey Schefter, Moyed Miften, Bernard Jones Nov 2023

Clinical And Dosimetric Impact Of 2d Kv Motion Monitoring And Intervention In Liver Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy., Andrew Santoso, Yevgeniy Vinogradskiy, Tyler Robin, Karyn Goodman, Tracey Schefter, Moyed Miften, Bernard Jones

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

PURPOSE: Positional errors resulting from motion are a principal challenge across all disease sites in radiation therapy. This is particularly pertinent when treating lesions in the liver with stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT). To achieve dose escalation and margin reduction for liver SBRT, kV real-time imaging interventions may serve as a potential solution. In this study, we report results of a retrospective cohort of liver patients treated using real-time 2D kV-image guidance SBRT with emphasis on the impact of (1) clinical workflow, (2) treatment accuracy, and (3) tumor dose.

METHODS AND MATERIALS: Data from 33 patients treated with 41 courses …


Randomized Controlled Trial Of Mechanical Thrombectomy Vs Catheter-Directed Thrombolysis For Acute Hemodynamically Stable Pulmonary Embolism: Rationale And Design Of The Peerless Study, Carin F. Gonsalves, C Michael Gibson, Stefan Stortecky, Roger A Alvarez, Daren M Beam, James M Horowitz, Mitchell J Silver, Catalin Toma, John H Rundback, Stuart P Rosenberg, Craig D Markovitz, Thomas Tu, Wissam A Jaber Sep 2023

Randomized Controlled Trial Of Mechanical Thrombectomy Vs Catheter-Directed Thrombolysis For Acute Hemodynamically Stable Pulmonary Embolism: Rationale And Design Of The Peerless Study, Carin F. Gonsalves, C Michael Gibson, Stefan Stortecky, Roger A Alvarez, Daren M Beam, James M Horowitz, Mitchell J Silver, Catalin Toma, John H Rundback, Stuart P Rosenberg, Craig D Markovitz, Thomas Tu, Wissam A Jaber

Department of Radiology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: The identification of hemodynamically stable pulmonary embolism (PE) patients who may benefit from advanced treatment beyond anticoagulation is unclear. However, when intervention is deemed necessary by the PE patient's care team, data to select the most advantageous interventional treatment option are lacking. Limiting factors include major bleeding risks with systemic and locally delivered thrombolytics and the overall lack of randomized controlled trial (RCT) data for interventional treatment strategies. Considering the expansion of the pulmonary embolism response team (PERT) model, corresponding rise in interventional treatment, and number of thrombolytic and nonthrombolytic catheter-directed devices coming to market, robust evidence is needed …


The Prevalence Of Sars-Cov-2 Antibodies Within The Community Of A Private Tertiary University In The Philippines: A Serial Cross Sectional Study, Lourdes S. Tanchanco, Jenica Clarisse Y. Sy, Angel Belle C. Dy, Myla D. Levantino, Arianna Maever L. Amit, John Wong, Kirsten Angeles, John Paul Vergara Dec 2022

The Prevalence Of Sars-Cov-2 Antibodies Within The Community Of A Private Tertiary University In The Philippines: A Serial Cross Sectional Study, Lourdes S. Tanchanco, Jenica Clarisse Y. Sy, Angel Belle C. Dy, Myla D. Levantino, Arianna Maever L. Amit, John Wong, Kirsten Angeles, John Paul Vergara

Ateneo School of Medicine and Public Health Publications

The COVID-19 pandemic has caused a public health emergency in all sectors of society, including universities and other academic institutions. This study determined the seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies among administrators, faculty, staff, and students of a private tertiary academic institution in the Philippines over a 7 month period. It employed a serial cross-sectional method using qualitative and quantitative COVID-19 antibody test kits. A total of 1,318 participants were tested, showing 47.80% of the study population yielding IgG antibodies to SARS-CoV-2 virus. A general increase in seroprevalence was observed from June to December 2021, which coincided with the vaccine roll-out of …


Cocreation In Health Workforce Planning To Shape The Future Of The Health Care System In The Philippines, Harvy Joy Liwanag, Jhanna Uy, Mary Ruth Politico, Mary Joy Padilla, Ma. Catherine Arzobal, Kaycee Manuel, Angeli Loren Cagouia, Pretchell Tolentino, Annika Frahsa, Kenneth Ronquillo Dec 2022

Cocreation In Health Workforce Planning To Shape The Future Of The Health Care System In The Philippines, Harvy Joy Liwanag, Jhanna Uy, Mary Ruth Politico, Mary Joy Padilla, Ma. Catherine Arzobal, Kaycee Manuel, Angeli Loren Cagouia, Pretchell Tolentino, Annika Frahsa, Kenneth Ronquillo

Health Sciences Faculty Publications

Background

The Philippines passed landmark legislation in 2019 on universal health coverage, including reforms in the development of its health workforce, an essential building block of responsive health care systems.

Health Workforce Planning Cocreation Process

We based our planning process on a model of cocreation defined as sharing power and decision making to solve problems collaboratively and build consensus around action. Through cocreation with policy makers, researchers, and other stakeholders, we performed projection studies on 10 selected health professions and estimated the need for primary care at national and subnational levels, which was the most extensive health workforce projection carried …


The Overestimation Of Concentric Hypertrophy In Patients With Hfpef As Determined By 2d-Echocardiography, Mohammad F. Mathbout, Hussam Al Hennawi, Anwar Khedr, Gaurang N. Vaidya, Marcus Stoddard Jun 2022

The Overestimation Of Concentric Hypertrophy In Patients With Hfpef As Determined By 2d-Echocardiography, Mohammad F. Mathbout, Hussam Al Hennawi, Anwar Khedr, Gaurang N. Vaidya, Marcus Stoddard

Division of Internal Medicine Faculty Papers & Presentations

Background: Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction continues to pose multiple challenges in terms of accurate diagnosis, treatment, and associated morbidity. Accurate left ventricular (LV) mass calculation yields essential prognostic information relating to structural heart disease. Two-dimensional (2D) echocardiography-based calculations are solely limited to LV geometric assumptions of symmetry, whereas three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography could overcome these limitations. This study aims to compare the performance of 2D and 3D LV mass calculations. Methods: A prospective review of echocardiography findings at the University of Louisville, Kentucky, was conducted and assessed. Normal ejection fraction (EF) was defined as >=52% in males and >=54% …


Diagnostic Accuracy Of Macular Thickness Map And Texture En Face Images For Detecting Glaucoma In Eyes With Axial High Myopia, Christopher Bowd, Akram Belghith, Jasmin Rezapour, Mark Christopher, Leslie Hyman, Jost B Jonas, Robert N Weinreb, Linda M Zangwill May 2022

Diagnostic Accuracy Of Macular Thickness Map And Texture En Face Images For Detecting Glaucoma In Eyes With Axial High Myopia, Christopher Bowd, Akram Belghith, Jasmin Rezapour, Mark Christopher, Leslie Hyman, Jost B Jonas, Robert N Weinreb, Linda M Zangwill

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

Purpose: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of a novel optical coherence tomography texture-based en face image analysis (SALSA-Texture) that requires segmentation of only 1 retinal layer for glaucoma detection in eyes with axial high myopia, and to compare SALSA-Texture with standard macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) thickness, macular retinal nerve fiber layer (mRNFL) thickness, and ganglion cell complex (GCC) thickness maps.

Design: Comparison of diagnostic approaches.

Methods: Cross-sectional data were collected from 92 eyes with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and 44 healthy control eyes with axial high myopia (axial length >26 mm). Optical coherence tomography texture en face images, …


A Taxonomy Of Childhood Pedal Cyclist Injuries From Latent Class Analysis: Associations With Factors Pertinent To Prevention, Joseph Piatt Jan 2022

A Taxonomy Of Childhood Pedal Cyclist Injuries From Latent Class Analysis: Associations With Factors Pertinent To Prevention, Joseph Piatt

Department of Neurosurgery Faculty Papers

Background: Studies of pedal cyclist injuries have largely focused on individual injury categories, but every region of the cyclist's body is exposed to potential trauma. Real-world injury patterns can be complex, and isolated injuries to one body part are uncommon among casualties requiring hospitalization. Latent class analysis (LCA) may identify important patterns in heterogeneous samples of qualitative data.

Methods: Data were taken from the Trauma Quality Improvement Program of the American College of Surgeons for 2017. Inclusion criteria were age 18 years or less and an external cause of injury code for pedal cyclist. Injuries were characterized by Abbreviated Injury …


Rationalization Of The Laboratory Diagnosis For Good Management Of Malaria: Lessons From Transitional Methods, Neguemadji N. Ngaba, Imteyaz A. Khan, Namrata Hange, Maria Kezia Lourdes Ligsay Pormento, Manoj Kumar Reddy Somagutta, Ajay Kumar, Youssouf Abdelkerim, Alarangue Djindimadje, Samia Jahan Jan 2022

Rationalization Of The Laboratory Diagnosis For Good Management Of Malaria: Lessons From Transitional Methods, Neguemadji N. Ngaba, Imteyaz A. Khan, Namrata Hange, Maria Kezia Lourdes Ligsay Pormento, Manoj Kumar Reddy Somagutta, Ajay Kumar, Youssouf Abdelkerim, Alarangue Djindimadje, Samia Jahan

Ateneo School of Medicine and Public Health Publications

Introduction. Malaria is an endemic disease in sub-Saharan Africa. In clinical practice, the main concern is the overdiagnosis of malaria leading to inappropriate drug prescription without laboratory confirmation. Objective. This study aimed to evaluate clinical examination reliability compared with translational laboratory methods of malaria diagnosis. Methods. The study was conducted in Goundi Hospital among hospitalized patients over a seven-month period. Patients were interviewed, and malaria tests done included the Giemsa-stained thick and thin blood smears. Diagnostic accuracy was analysed by calculating sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values. Results. Among 1,874 participants, 674 (35.96%) patients had positive Giemsa-stained …


Micro-Computed Tomographic Analysis Of The Shaping Ability Of Xp-Endo Shaper In Oval-Shaped Distal Root Canals Of Mandibular Molars, Ane Poly, Wei-Ju Louis Tseng, Fernando Marques, Frank Carsten Setzer, Bekir Karabucak Dec 2021

Micro-Computed Tomographic Analysis Of The Shaping Ability Of Xp-Endo Shaper In Oval-Shaped Distal Root Canals Of Mandibular Molars, Ane Poly, Wei-Ju Louis Tseng, Fernando Marques, Frank Carsten Setzer, Bekir Karabucak

Center for Translational Medicine Faculty Papers

Objective: To compare the shaping ability of the XP-endo Shaper (XPS) system to the ProTaper Next (PTN) system in oval-shaped distal root canals.

Methods: From 12 mandibular molars, distal roots with moderately curved single oval canals were randomly assorted to be instrumented with XPS (experimental group) or PTN (control group) and then scanned using micro-computed tomography [Scan 1]. The root canals of the XPS samples were prepared following the manufacturer's instructions using 15 insertions (XPS15) and rescanned [Scan 2]. An additional 10 insertions to the working length were applied, totalling 25 insertions (XPS25), and the roots were rescanned again [Scan …


Development Of A Financial Toxicity Screening Tool For Radiation Oncology: A Secondary Analysis Of A Pilot Prospective Patient-Reported Outcomes Study, Rahul N Prasad, Tejash Patel, Scott W Keith, Harriet Eldredge-Hindy, Scot A Fisher, Joshua D Palmer Nov 2021

Development Of A Financial Toxicity Screening Tool For Radiation Oncology: A Secondary Analysis Of A Pilot Prospective Patient-Reported Outcomes Study, Rahul N Prasad, Tejash Patel, Scott W Keith, Harriet Eldredge-Hindy, Scot A Fisher, Joshua D Palmer

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

Purpose: Financial toxicity is highly prevalent in oncology. Early identification of at-risk patients is essential because financial toxicity is associated with inferior outcomes. Validated general oncology screening tools are cumbersome and not specific to challenges related to radiation therapy, such as daily treatments. In the population of radiation oncology patients, no standardized, validated, rapid screening tool exists. We sought to develop a rapid, no-cost, and reliable financial-toxicity screening tool for clinical radiation oncology.

Methods and materials: We retrospectively analyzed data from a prospective survey study conducted at a large referral center with a heterogeneous population. Before treatment, a 25-item modified …


Establishing A Primary Care Alliance For Conducting Cancer Prevention Clinical Research At Community Sites, Bernard W Parker, Barbara L Mcaneny, Edith P. Mitchell, Ana Maria Lopez, Sandra A Russo, Pamela Maxwell, Leslie G Ford, Worta Mccaskill-Stevens Nov 2021

Establishing A Primary Care Alliance For Conducting Cancer Prevention Clinical Research At Community Sites, Bernard W Parker, Barbara L Mcaneny, Edith P. Mitchell, Ana Maria Lopez, Sandra A Russo, Pamela Maxwell, Leslie G Ford, Worta Mccaskill-Stevens

Department of Medical Oncology Faculty Papers

In September 2020, the National Cancer Institute convened the first PARTNRS Workshop as an initiative to forge partnerships between oncologists, primary care professionals, and non-oncology specialists for promoting patient accrual into cancer prevention trials. This effort is aimed at bringing about more effective accrual methods to generate decisive outcomes in cancer prevention research. The workshop convened to inspire solutions to challenges encountered during the development and implementation of cancer prevention trials. Ultimately, strategies suggested for protocol development might enhance integration of these trials into community settings where a diversity of patients might be accrued. Research Bases (cancer research organizations that …


Language Tasks And The Network Control Role Of The Left Inferior Frontal Gyrus, John D Medaglia, Denise Y Harvey, Apoorva S Kelkar, Jared P Zimmerman, Joely A Mass, Danielle S Bassett, Roy H Hamilton Sep 2021

Language Tasks And The Network Control Role Of The Left Inferior Frontal Gyrus, John D Medaglia, Denise Y Harvey, Apoorva S Kelkar, Jared P Zimmerman, Joely A Mass, Danielle S Bassett, Roy H Hamilton

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Recent work has combined cognitive neuroscience and control theory to make predictions about cognitive control functions. Here, we test a link between whole-brain theories of semantics and the role of the left inferior frontal gyrus (LIFG) in controlled language performance using network control theory (NCT), a branch of systems engineering. Specifically, we examined whether two properties of node controllability, boundary and modal controllability, were linked to semantic selection and retrieval on sentence completion and verb generation tasks. We tested whether the controllability of the left IFG moderated language selection and retrieval costs and the effects of continuous θ burst stimulation …


Perceptions And Challenges Experienced By African Physicians When Prescribing Methotrexate For Rheumatic Disease: An Exploratory Study, Carol A Hitchon, Girsh M Mody, Candace H Feldman, Yan Lau, Steven Shi, Michele Meltzer, Rosie Scuccimarri, Michael E Weinblatt, Ines Colmegna Aug 2021

Perceptions And Challenges Experienced By African Physicians When Prescribing Methotrexate For Rheumatic Disease: An Exploratory Study, Carol A Hitchon, Girsh M Mody, Candace H Feldman, Yan Lau, Steven Shi, Michele Meltzer, Rosie Scuccimarri, Michael E Weinblatt, Ines Colmegna

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

OBJECTIVE: Guidelines for methotrexate (MTX) use in rheumatic disease may not be feasible for physicians practicing in the least developed countries. We aimed to understand the experiences of MTX prescribers relating to MTX use for rheumatic disease in African countries to inform the development of culturally and geographically appropriate recommendations.

METHODS: African physicians who self-identified as MTX prescribers from countries classified as having a low versus a medium or high Human Development Index (L-HDI versus MH-HDI) participated in semistructured interviews between August 2016 and September 2017. Interviews were transcribed verbatim, coded thematically, and stratified by HDI.

RESULTS: Physicians (23 rheumatologists; …


Analysis Of An Obstetrics Point-Of-Care Ultrasound Training Program For Healthcare Practitioners In Zanzibar, Tanzania., Elizabeth A Hall, Danielle Matilsky, Rachel Zang, Naomasa Hase, Ali Habibu Ali, Patricia C Henwood, Anthony J Dean Apr 2021

Analysis Of An Obstetrics Point-Of-Care Ultrasound Training Program For Healthcare Practitioners In Zanzibar, Tanzania., Elizabeth A Hall, Danielle Matilsky, Rachel Zang, Naomasa Hase, Ali Habibu Ali, Patricia C Henwood, Anthony J Dean

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: A point-of-care ultrasound education program in obstetrics was developed to train antenatal healthcare practitioners in rural Zanzibar. The study group consisted of 13 practitioners with different training backgrounds: physicians, clinical officers, and nurse/midwives. Trainees received an intensive 2-week antenatal ultrasound course consisting of lectures and hands-on practice followed by 6 months of direct supervision of hands-on scanning and bedside education in their clinical practice environments. Trainees were given a pre-course written exam, a final exam at course completion, and practical exams at 19 and 27 weeks. Trainees were expected to complete written documentation and record ultrasound images of at …


Reduction In Unplanned Hospitalizations Associated With A Physician Focused Intervention To Reduce Potentially Inappropriate Medication Use Among Older Adults: A Population-Based Cohort Study., M Alcusky, R B Thomas, N Jafari, Scott W Keith, A Kee, S Del Canale, M Lombardi, Vittorio Maio Mar 2021

Reduction In Unplanned Hospitalizations Associated With A Physician Focused Intervention To Reduce Potentially Inappropriate Medication Use Among Older Adults: A Population-Based Cohort Study., M Alcusky, R B Thomas, N Jafari, Scott W Keith, A Kee, S Del Canale, M Lombardi, Vittorio Maio

College of Population Health Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: A multimodal general practitioner-focused intervention in the Local Health Authority (LHA) of Parma, Italy, substantially reduced the prevalence of potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) use among older adults. Our objective was to estimate changes in hospitalization rates associated with the Parma LHA quality improvement initiative that reduced PIM use.

METHODS: This population-based longitudinal cohort study was conducted among older residents (> 65 years) using the Parma LHA administrative healthcare database. Crude and adjusted unplanned hospitalization rates were estimated in 3 periods (pre-intervention: 2005-2008, intervention: 2009-2010, post-intervention: 2011-2014). Multivariable negative binomial models estimated trends in quarterly hospitalization rates among individuals at …


A Diagnostic Dilemma Of Antiglutamic Acid Decarboxylase 65 (Anti-Gad 65) And Mycoplasma Pneumoniae Antibodies In A Girl Presenting With Acute-Onset Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder., Cecilia Freeman, Antanoid J Langeveldt, Robyn R Miller Mar 2021

A Diagnostic Dilemma Of Antiglutamic Acid Decarboxylase 65 (Anti-Gad 65) And Mycoplasma Pneumoniae Antibodies In A Girl Presenting With Acute-Onset Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder., Cecilia Freeman, Antanoid J Langeveldt, Robyn R Miller

Department of Pediatrics Faculty Papers

Acute-onset obsessive-compulsive disorder can be challenging, especially when triggered by an underlying disease process. Clinicians often turn to Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal Infections (PANDAS), but it is important to consider a broad differential in these patients. We present a case of a 9-year-old girl with acute-onset obsessive-compulsive behavior likely triggered by a post-infectious phenomenon that ultimately resolved following treatment with plasmapheresis.


Global Point-Of-Care Ultrasound Education And Training In The Age Of Covid-19., Onyinyechi F Eke, Patricia C. Henwood, Grace W Wanjiku, Abiola Fasina, Sigmund J Kharasch, Hamid Shokoohi Feb 2021

Global Point-Of-Care Ultrasound Education And Training In The Age Of Covid-19., Onyinyechi F Eke, Patricia C. Henwood, Grace W Wanjiku, Abiola Fasina, Sigmund J Kharasch, Hamid Shokoohi

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted traditional global point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) education and training, as a result of travel restrictions. It has also provided an opportunity for innovation using a virtual platform. Tele-ultrasound and video-conferencing are alternative and supportive tools to augment global POCUS education and training. There is a need to support learners and experts to ensure that maximum benefit is gained from the use of these innovative modalities.


Allocation Of Anchors During Labral Repair: A Multicenter Cohort Analysis Of Labral Treatment In Hip Arthroscopy., Ryan P Mcgovern, John J Christoforetti, Benjamin R Kivlan, Shane J Nho, Andrew B Wolff, John P Salvo, Dean Matsuda, Thomas J Ellis, Allston J Stubbs, Dominic S Carreira Feb 2021

Allocation Of Anchors During Labral Repair: A Multicenter Cohort Analysis Of Labral Treatment In Hip Arthroscopy., Ryan P Mcgovern, John J Christoforetti, Benjamin R Kivlan, Shane J Nho, Andrew B Wolff, John P Salvo, Dean Matsuda, Thomas J Ellis, Allston J Stubbs, Dominic S Carreira

Rothman Institute Faculty Papers

Background: While previous studies have established several techniques for suture anchor repair of the acetabular labrum to bone during arthroscopic surgery, the current literature lacks evidence defining the appropriate number of suture anchors required to effectively restore the function of the labral tissue.

Purpose/Hypothesis: To define the location and size of labral tears identified during hip arthroscopy for acetabular labral treatment in a large multicenter cohort. The secondary purpose was to differentiate the number of anchors used during arthroscopic labral repair. The hypothesis was that the location and size of the labral tear as well as the number of anchors …


Machine Learning Approaches Identify Genes Containing Spatial Information From Single-Cell Transcriptomics Data., Phillipe Loher, Nestoras Karathanasis Feb 2021

Machine Learning Approaches Identify Genes Containing Spatial Information From Single-Cell Transcriptomics Data., Phillipe Loher, Nestoras Karathanasis

Computational Medicine Center Faculty Papers

The development of single-cell sequencing technologies has allowed researchers to gain important new knowledge about the expression profile of genes in thousands of individual cells of a model organism or tissue. A common disadvantage of this technology is the loss of the three-dimensional (3-D) structure of the cells. Consequently, the Dialogue on Reverse Engineering Assessment and Methods (DREAM) organized the Single-Cell Transcriptomics Challenge, in which we participated, with the aim to address the following two problems: (a) to identify the top 60, 40, and 20 genes of the Drosophila melanogaster embryo that contain the most spatial information and (b) to …


Algorithm For Cavo-Tricuspid Isthmus Flutter On Surface Ecgs: The Actions Study., Daniel Frisch, Eitan Frankel, Deanna Gill, Jad Al Danaf Jan 2021

Algorithm For Cavo-Tricuspid Isthmus Flutter On Surface Ecgs: The Actions Study., Daniel Frisch, Eitan Frankel, Deanna Gill, Jad Al Danaf

Division of Cardiology Faculty Papers

OBJECTIVE: Cavo-tricuspid isthmus atrial flutter (CTI-AFL) is an important arrhythmia to recognise because there is a highly effective and relatively low-risk ablation strategy. However, clinical experience has demonstrated that providers often have difficulty distinguishing AFL from atrial fibrillation.

METHODS: We developed a novel ECG-based three-step algorithm to identify CTI-AFL based on established CTI flutter characteristics and verified on consecutive ablation cases of typical flutter, atypical flutter and atrial fibrillation. The algorithm assesses V1/inferior lead F-wave concordance, consistency of P-wave morphology and the presence of isoelectric intervals in the inferior leads. In this observation study, the algorithm was validated on a …


The Health-Related Quality Of Life, Work Productivity, Healthcare Resource Utilization, And Economic Burden Associated With Levels Of Suicidal Ideation Among Patients Self-Reporting Moderately Severe Or Severe Major Depressive Disorder In A National Survey., Carmela Benson, David Singer, Colleen M Carpinella, May Shawi, Larry Alphs Jan 2021

The Health-Related Quality Of Life, Work Productivity, Healthcare Resource Utilization, And Economic Burden Associated With Levels Of Suicidal Ideation Among Patients Self-Reporting Moderately Severe Or Severe Major Depressive Disorder In A National Survey., Carmela Benson, David Singer, Colleen M Carpinella, May Shawi, Larry Alphs

College of Population Health Faculty Papers

Background: Suicidal ideation (SI) is a cardinal aspect of major depressive disorder (MDD); however, patient-reported outcomes data from large-scale surveys are limited concerning SI in the context of MDD. This study aims to understand the association between varying levels of SI and health-related quality of life (HRQoL), work productivity, healthcare resource utilization (HRU), and associated costs in patients with moderately severe/severe MDD.

Methods: This was a retrospective, cross-sectional analysis of 2013 national survey data. Patients who self-reported moderately severe or severe MDD and completed the Short Form Survey Version 2 (SF-36v2), Work Productivity Loss and Activity Impairment questionnaire (WPAI), and …


Incidence And Severity Of Drug Interactions Before And After Switching Antiretroviral Therapy To Bictegravir/Emtricitabine/Tenofovir Alafenamide In Treatment-Experienced Patients., Jason J. Schafer, Pharmd, Mph, Bcps, Aahivp, Neha S Pandit, Agnes Cha, Emily Huesgen, Melissa Badowski, Elizabeth M Sherman, Jennifer Cocohoba, Ayako Shimada, Scott W Keith Jan 2021

Incidence And Severity Of Drug Interactions Before And After Switching Antiretroviral Therapy To Bictegravir/Emtricitabine/Tenofovir Alafenamide In Treatment-Experienced Patients., Jason J. Schafer, Pharmd, Mph, Bcps, Aahivp, Neha S Pandit, Agnes Cha, Emily Huesgen, Melissa Badowski, Elizabeth M Sherman, Jennifer Cocohoba, Ayako Shimada, Scott W Keith

College of Pharmacy Faculty Papers

Background: Switching antiretroviral therapy (ART) in people with HIV (PWH) can influence their risk for drug-drug interactions (DDIs). The purpose of this study was to assess changes in the incidence and severity of DDIs among PWH who switched their ART to bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (BIC/FTC/TAF).

Methods: This was a multicenter retrospective cohort study of PWH on ART and at least 1 concomitant medication (CM) who switched to BIC/FTC/TAF between 3/2018 and 6/2019. Using the University of Liverpool's HIV Drug Interaction Database, 2 DDI analyses were performed for each patient. The first assessed patients' preswitch ART regimens with their CM list. The …


International Evidence-Based Consensus Diagnostic And Treatment Guidelines For Unicentric Castleman Disease., Frits Van Rhee, Eric Oksenhendler, Gordan Srkalovic, Peter Voorhees, Megan Lim, Angela Dispenzieri, Makoto Ide, Sophia Parente, Stephen Schey, Matthew Streetly, Raymond Wong, David Wu, Ivan Maillard, Joshua Brandstadter, Nikhil Munshi, Wilbur Bowne, Kojo S Elenitoba-Johnson, Alexander Fössa, Mary Jo Lechowicz, Shanmuganathan Chandrakasan, Sheila K Pierson, Amy Greenway, Sunita Nasta, Kazuyuki Yoshizaki, Razelle Kurzrock, Thomas S Uldrick, Corey Casper, Amy Chadburn, David C Fajgenbaum Dec 2020

International Evidence-Based Consensus Diagnostic And Treatment Guidelines For Unicentric Castleman Disease., Frits Van Rhee, Eric Oksenhendler, Gordan Srkalovic, Peter Voorhees, Megan Lim, Angela Dispenzieri, Makoto Ide, Sophia Parente, Stephen Schey, Matthew Streetly, Raymond Wong, David Wu, Ivan Maillard, Joshua Brandstadter, Nikhil Munshi, Wilbur Bowne, Kojo S Elenitoba-Johnson, Alexander Fössa, Mary Jo Lechowicz, Shanmuganathan Chandrakasan, Sheila K Pierson, Amy Greenway, Sunita Nasta, Kazuyuki Yoshizaki, Razelle Kurzrock, Thomas S Uldrick, Corey Casper, Amy Chadburn, David C Fajgenbaum

Department of Surgery Faculty Papers

Castleman disease (CD) includes a group of rare and heterogeneous disorders with characteristic lymph node histopathological abnormalities. CD can occur in a single lymph node station, which is referred to as unicentric CD (UCD). CD can also involve multicentric lymphadenopathy and inflammatory symptoms (multicentric CD [MCD]). MCD includes human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8)-associated MCD, POEMS-associated MCD, and HHV-8-/idiopathic MCD (iMCD). The first-ever diagnostic and treatment guidelines were recently developed for iMCD by an international expert consortium convened by the Castleman Disease Collaborative Network (CDCN). The focus of this report is to establish similar guidelines for the management of UCD. To this purpose, …


The Arabic Version Of The Personality Inventory For The Dsm-5 (Pid-5) In A Clinical Sample Of United Arab Emirates (Uae) Nationals, Olga Coelho, Rute Pires, Ana Sousa Ferreira, Bruno Gonçalves, Samia A. Alkhoori, Mohamed A. Sayed, Amany Elrasheed, Sara Belhoul, Maryam Aljassmi, Joana Stocker Nov 2020

The Arabic Version Of The Personality Inventory For The Dsm-5 (Pid-5) In A Clinical Sample Of United Arab Emirates (Uae) Nationals, Olga Coelho, Rute Pires, Ana Sousa Ferreira, Bruno Gonçalves, Samia A. Alkhoori, Mohamed A. Sayed, Amany Elrasheed, Sara Belhoul, Maryam Aljassmi, Joana Stocker

All Works

Objectives: We aimed to test the potential of the Arabic version of the PID-5 to distinguish between clinical and non-clinical participants, as well as to examine its convergent validity and factor structure in an Emirati clinical sample. Methods: The Arabic version of the PID-5 was administered to a clinical sample comprised of 156 participants (Mage = 31.38, SD = 8.99, 37.8% male, 62.2% female) and a community sample also comprised of 156 participants (Mage = 31.43, SD = 9.52, 37.2% male, 62.8% female). We addressed the descriptive measures, internal consistency, mean rank scores differences, convergent validity with SCL-90-R, and PID-5's …


Blood-Brain Barrier: Mechanisms Governing Permeability And Interaction With Peripherally Acting Μ-Opioid Receptor Antagonists., Eugene R. Viscusi, Andrew R Viscusi Sep 2020

Blood-Brain Barrier: Mechanisms Governing Permeability And Interaction With Peripherally Acting Μ-Opioid Receptor Antagonists., Eugene R. Viscusi, Andrew R Viscusi

Department of Anesthesiology Faculty Papers

The blood-brain barrier (BBB) describes the unique properties of endothelial cells (ECs) that line the central nervous system (CNS) microvasculature. The BBB supports CNS homeostasis via EC-associated transport of ions, nutrients, proteins and waste products between the brain and blood. These transport mechanisms also serve as physiological barriers to pathogens, toxins and xenobiotics to prevent them from contacting neural tissue. The mechanisms that govern BBB permeability pose a challenge to drug design for CNS disorders, including pain, but can be exploited to limit the effects of a drug to the periphery, as in the design of the peripherally acting μ-opioid …


Atypical Reactivation Of Varicella Zoster Virus Associated With Pancreatitis In A Heart Transplant Patient., Christine Shieh, Ashley Barnes, Drew Johnson, Ilya Danelich, Pharmd, Bcps, Bccp, Preethi Pirlamarla, Rene Alvarez, H. Todd Massey, Md, Mahek Shah Aug 2020

Atypical Reactivation Of Varicella Zoster Virus Associated With Pancreatitis In A Heart Transplant Patient., Christine Shieh, Ashley Barnes, Drew Johnson, Ilya Danelich, Pharmd, Bcps, Bccp, Preethi Pirlamarla, Rene Alvarez, H. Todd Massey, Md, Mahek Shah

Division of Internal Medicine Faculty Papers & Presentations

BACKGROUND Acute pancreatitis is rare following solid organ transplantation but is associated with high mortality. It has been most commonly reported following renal transplant but can occur with other solid organ transplantations. CASE REPORT A 46-year-old male who had an orthotopic heart transplant 6 months ago presented with a 3-week history of abdominal pain. The patient described it as intermittent, sharp, and stabbing, originating in the periumbilical area and radiating to the back. His lipase was elevated at 232 U/L. Given that the patient's symptoms and lipase were elevated to greater than three times the upper limit of normal, he …


Deacetylation Of Hsd17b10 By Sirt3 Regulates Cell Growth And Cell Resistance Under Oxidative And Starvation Stresses., Lu Liu, Shuaiyi Chen, Miao Yu, Chenxu Ge, Mengmeng Ren, Boya Liu, Xin Yang, Thomas W Christian, Ya-Ming Hou, Junhua Zou, Wei-Guo Zhu, Jianyuan Luo Jul 2020

Deacetylation Of Hsd17b10 By Sirt3 Regulates Cell Growth And Cell Resistance Under Oxidative And Starvation Stresses., Lu Liu, Shuaiyi Chen, Miao Yu, Chenxu Ge, Mengmeng Ren, Boya Liu, Xin Yang, Thomas W Christian, Ya-Ming Hou, Junhua Zou, Wei-Guo Zhu, Jianyuan Luo

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Papers

17-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 10 (HSD17B10) plays an important role in mitochondrial fatty acid metabolism and is also involved in mitochondrial tRNA maturation. HSD17B10 missense mutations cause HSD10 mitochondrial disease (HSD10MD). HSD17B10 with mutations identified from cases of HSD10MD show loss of function in dehydrogenase activity and mitochondrial tRNA maturation, resulting in mitochondrial dysfunction. It has also been implicated to play roles in the development of Alzheimer disease (AD) and tumorigenesis. Here, we found that HSD17B10 is a new substrate of NAD-dependent deacetylase Sirtuin 3 (SIRT3). HSD17B10 is acetylated at lysine residues K79, K99 and K105 by the acetyltransferase CBP, and the …


Posterior Cortical Atrophy: Characteristics From A Clinical Data Registry., Jennifer J Olds, William L Hills, Judith Warner, Julie Falardeau, Lori Haase Alasantro, Mark L Moster, Robert A Egan, Wayne T Cornblath, Andrew G Lee, Benjamin M Frishberg, Roger E Turbin, David M Katz, John A Charley, Victoria S Pelak Jun 2020

Posterior Cortical Atrophy: Characteristics From A Clinical Data Registry., Jennifer J Olds, William L Hills, Judith Warner, Julie Falardeau, Lori Haase Alasantro, Mark L Moster, Robert A Egan, Wayne T Cornblath, Andrew G Lee, Benjamin M Frishberg, Roger E Turbin, David M Katz, John A Charley, Victoria S Pelak

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

No abstract provided.


Characteristics Of Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infections At A Midwestern Tertiary Hospital: A Retrospective Study Of 365 Patients., Claire E Hannah, Bradley A Ford, Jina Chung, Dilek Ince, Karolyn A Wanat May 2020

Characteristics Of Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infections At A Midwestern Tertiary Hospital: A Retrospective Study Of 365 Patients., Claire E Hannah, Bradley A Ford, Jina Chung, Dilek Ince, Karolyn A Wanat

Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Biology Faculty Papers

Background: The prevalence of infections due to nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) is increasing worldwide, yet little is known about the epidemiology and pathophysiology of these ubiquitous environmental organisms. Pulmonary disease due to Mycobacterium avium complex is most prevalent, but many other NTM species can cause disease in virtually any organ system. As NTM becomes an increasingly common cause of morbidity and mortality, more information is needed about the epidemiology of NTM disease.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective chart review of all patients with cultures that grew NTM at a Midwestern tertiary hospital from 1996 to 2017. Information on demographics, medical history, …


Discoidin Domain Receptor 1 Functionally Interacts With The Igf-I System In Bladder Cancer, Simone Buraschi, Alaide Morcavallo, Thomas Neill, Manuela Stefanello, Chiara Palladino, Shi-Qiong Xu, Antonino Belfiore, Renato V. Iozzo, Andrea Morrione May 2020

Discoidin Domain Receptor 1 Functionally Interacts With The Igf-I System In Bladder Cancer, Simone Buraschi, Alaide Morcavallo, Thomas Neill, Manuela Stefanello, Chiara Palladino, Shi-Qiong Xu, Antonino Belfiore, Renato V. Iozzo, Andrea Morrione

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

No abstract provided.