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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Nudging As A Support For Behavioral Change In Lifestyle Medicine, Simon Matthews Jan 2024

Nudging As A Support For Behavioral Change In Lifestyle Medicine, Simon Matthews

Nursing and Health Papers and Journal Articles

The practice of lifestyle medicine and its emphasis on behavioral change continues to grow around the world. Yet much of the burden of disease weighing on healthcare systems from chronic, modifiable conditions remains stubbornly present. From a behavior change perspective, efforts to date have primarily focused on public health messaging and public health campaigns (global approaches) to interventions such as health coaching (individual approaches). There exists an opportunity to consider contextual elements which support behavioral change. The practice of “nudging” behavior in primary care and allied health settings is proposed as a means of responding to these contextual opportunities. Nudging …


Neurosteroids As Stress Modulators And Neurotherapeutics: Lessons From The Retina, Yukitoshi Izumi, Makoto Ishikawa, Toru Nakazawa, Hiroshi Kunikata, Kota Sato, Douglas F. Covey, Charles F. Zorumski May 2023

Neurosteroids As Stress Modulators And Neurotherapeutics: Lessons From The Retina, Yukitoshi Izumi, Makoto Ishikawa, Toru Nakazawa, Hiroshi Kunikata, Kota Sato, Douglas F. Covey, Charles F. Zorumski

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Neurosteroids are rapidly emerging as important new therapies in neuropsychiatry, with one such agent, brexanolone, already approved for treatment of postpartum depression, and others on the horizon. These steroids have unique properties, including neuroprotective effects that could benefit a wide range of brain illnesses including depression, anxiety, epilepsy, and neurodegeneration. Over the past 25 years, our group has developed ex vivo rodent models to examine factors contributing to several forms of neurodegeneration in the retina. In the course of this work, we have developed a model of acute closed angle glaucoma that involves incubation of ex vivo retinas under hyperbaric …


Creating A Culturally Adaptable Comprehensive Sexuality Education Teacher's Manual, Stephanie Carteciano Apr 2023

Creating A Culturally Adaptable Comprehensive Sexuality Education Teacher's Manual, Stephanie Carteciano

Student Works

Purpose: The purpose of this project was to create a culturally adaptable comprehensive sexual education teacher’s manual by (a) standardizing content using The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization’s (UNESCO) 2018 International Technical Guidance on Sexuality Education (CSE), (b) providing evidence-based CSE pedagogy in the form of classroom activities, and (c) including adaptable teaching methods to fit diverse cultural contexts.

Development: The manual lessons were derived from UNESCO’s 2018 International Technical Guidance on Sexuality Education, and the pedagogy followed Anderson and Krathwohl’s revision of Bloom’s Taxonomy. Health information was obtained from various medical and university resources. We surveyed eight …


Charge-Voltage Curves Of Shaker Potassium Channel Are Not Hysteretic At Steady State, John Cowgill, Baron Chanda Mar 2023

Charge-Voltage Curves Of Shaker Potassium Channel Are Not Hysteretic At Steady State, John Cowgill, Baron Chanda

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Charge-voltage curves of many voltage-gated ion channels exhibit hysteresis but such curves are also a direct measure of free energy of channel gating and, hence, should be path-independent. Here, we identify conditions to measure steady-state charge-voltage curves and show that these are curves are not hysteretic. Charged residues in transmembrane segments of voltage-gated ion channels (VGICs) sense and respond to changes in the electric field. The movement of these gating charges underpins voltage-dependent activation and is also a direct metric of the net free-energy of channel activation. However, for most voltage-gated ion channels, the charge-voltage (Q-V) curves appear to be …


Ion Channel Regulation Of Gut Immunity, Jing Feng, Zili Xie, Hongzhen Hu Feb 2023

Ion Channel Regulation Of Gut Immunity, Jing Feng, Zili Xie, Hongzhen Hu

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Mounting evidence indicates that gastrointestinal (GI) homeostasis hinges on communications among many cellular networks including the intestinal epithelium, the immune system, and both intrinsic and extrinsic nerves innervating the gut. The GI tract, especially the colon, is the home base for gut microbiome which dynamically regulates immune function. The gut's immune system also provides an effective defense against harmful pathogens entering the GI tract while maintaining immune homeostasis to avoid exaggerated immune reaction to innocuous food and commensal antigens which are important causes of inflammatory disorders such as coeliac disease and inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Various ion channels have been …


A Fair Incentive Scheme For Community Health Workers, Avinandan Bose, Tracey Li, Arunesh Sinha, Tien Mai Feb 2023

A Fair Incentive Scheme For Community Health Workers, Avinandan Bose, Tracey Li, Arunesh Sinha, Tien Mai

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Community health workers (CHWs) play a crucial role in the last mile delivery of essential health services to under-served populations in low-income countries. Many non-governmental organizations (NGOs) provide training and support to enable CHWs to deliver health services to their communities, with no charge to the recipients of the services. This includes monetary compensation for the work that CHWs perform, which is broken down into a series of well-defined tasks. In this work, we partner with a NGO D-Tree International to design a fair monetary compensation scheme for tasks performed by CHWs in the semi-autonomous region of Zanzibar in Tanzania, …


One And A Half-Stage Revision With Prosthetic Articulating Spacer For Definitive Management Of Knee Periprosthetic Joint Infection., Ahmed Siddiqi, Yusuf Mahmoud, Salvador A. Forte, Thomas A Novack, James Nace Feb 2023

One And A Half-Stage Revision With Prosthetic Articulating Spacer For Definitive Management Of Knee Periprosthetic Joint Infection., Ahmed Siddiqi, Yusuf Mahmoud, Salvador A. Forte, Thomas A Novack, James Nace

Orthopedic Surgery Resident Research

This paper is a comprehensive review that describes indications, contraindications, clinical outcomes, and pearls and pitfalls of 1.5-stage revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) utilizing a primary TKA femoral component, all-polyethylene tibial component, and hand-crafted antibiotic cement for the management of chronic periprosthetic joint infection. The 1.5-stage exchange TKA details placement of an articulating spacer for an indefinite period, prolonging revision until reinfection, deterioration of functional status, or construct failure. A 1.5-stage revision TKA technique is a viable option for treatment of chronic periprosthetic knee infections. The inherent advantages of decreased health-care costs, decreased morbidity and mortality, and improved emotional ease …


Using Exterior Housing Conditions To Predict Elevated Pediatric Blood Lead Levels., Neal J Wilson, Elizabeth Friedman, Kevin Kennedy, Panayiotis T. Manolakos, Lori Reierson, Amy Roberts, Steve Simon Feb 2023

Using Exterior Housing Conditions To Predict Elevated Pediatric Blood Lead Levels., Neal J Wilson, Elizabeth Friedman, Kevin Kennedy, Panayiotis T. Manolakos, Lori Reierson, Amy Roberts, Steve Simon

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Housing-based lead paint dust is the most common source of lead exposure for US-born children. Although year of housing construction is a critical indicator of the lead hazard to US children, not all housing of the same age poses the same risk to children. Additional information about housing condition is required to differentiate the housing-based lead risk at the parcel level. This study aimed to identify and assess a method for gathering and using observations of exterior housing conditions to identify active housing-based lead hazards at the parcel level. We used a dataset of pediatric blood lead observations (sample years …


Motor Cortical Excitability And Pre-Supplementary Motor Area Neurochemistry In Healthy Adults With Substantia Nigra Hyperechogenicity, Gabrielle Todd, Caroline D. Rae, Janet L. Taylor, Nigel C. Rogasch, Jane E. Butler, Michael Hayes, Robert A. Wilcox, Simon C. Gandevia, Karl Aoun, Adrian Esterman, Simon J. G. Lewis, Julie M. Hall, Elie Matar, Jana Godau, Daniela Berg, Christian Plewnia, Anna-Katharina Von Thaler, Clarence Chiang, Kay L. Double Feb 2023

Motor Cortical Excitability And Pre-Supplementary Motor Area Neurochemistry In Healthy Adults With Substantia Nigra Hyperechogenicity, Gabrielle Todd, Caroline D. Rae, Janet L. Taylor, Nigel C. Rogasch, Jane E. Butler, Michael Hayes, Robert A. Wilcox, Simon C. Gandevia, Karl Aoun, Adrian Esterman, Simon J. G. Lewis, Julie M. Hall, Elie Matar, Jana Godau, Daniela Berg, Christian Plewnia, Anna-Katharina Von Thaler, Clarence Chiang, Kay L. Double

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Substantia nigra (SN) hyperechogenicity, viewed with transcranial ultrasound, is a risk marker for Parkinson's disease. We hypothesized that SN hyperechogenicity in healthy adults aged 50 – 70 years is associated with reduced short-interval intracortical inhibition in primary motor cortex, and that the reduced intracortical inhibition is associated with neurochemical markers of activity in the pre-supplementary motor area (pre-SMA). Short-interval intracortical inhibition and intracortical facilitation in primary motor cortex was assessed with paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation in 23 healthy adults with normal (n = 14; 61 ± 7 yrs) or abnormally enlarged (hyperechogenic; n = 9; 60 ± 6 yrs) area …


02-07-23 Hsc Committee Meeting Agenda, Hsc Committee Feb 2023

02-07-23 Hsc Committee Meeting Agenda, Hsc Committee

HSC Committee (A subcommittee of the UNM Board of Regents)

No abstract provided.


Research In Action: Remote Controlled Investigation Of The Stomach Using Magnetically Controlled Capsule Endoscopy, Ryan Antar Jan 2023

Research In Action: Remote Controlled Investigation Of The Stomach Using Magnetically Controlled Capsule Endoscopy, Ryan Antar

URGENT Matters

No abstract provided.


The U.S. Should Increase Access To Medication For Opioid Use Disorder Among Incarcerated Individuals, Cody Nagle Jan 2023

The U.S. Should Increase Access To Medication For Opioid Use Disorder Among Incarcerated Individuals, Cody Nagle

Population Health Research Brief Series

Opioid Use Disorder (OUD) is among the most common medical diagnoses for people in jails and prisons. Those leaving incarceration without substance use treatment are 40 times more likely than the general public to have a fatal overdose, making it the leading cause of death for people recently released. This brief describes the use of Medication for Opioid Use Disorder (MOUD) and Medication Assisted Treatment (MAT) as realistic and legally protected approaches to reducing overdoses upon exiting incarceration. It also calls for federal regulation and guidance on the use of MOUD in prisons, jails, and drug courts to ensure each …


Dynamic Fecal Microbiota Transfer From Mice With Western Diet-Induced Severe Colitis And Colon Tumorigenesis Did Not Exacerbate Colitis Symptoms Or Colon Tumorigenesis In Recipient Mice Fed Either The Ain93g Diet Or The Total Western Diet, Abby D. Benninghoff Jan 2023

Dynamic Fecal Microbiota Transfer From Mice With Western Diet-Induced Severe Colitis And Colon Tumorigenesis Did Not Exacerbate Colitis Symptoms Or Colon Tumorigenesis In Recipient Mice Fed Either The Ain93g Diet Or The Total Western Diet, Abby D. Benninghoff

Browse all Datasets

Consumption of the total Western diet (TWD) in mice has been shown to increase gut inflammation, promote colon tumorigenesis, and alter the fecal microbiome composition in mice as com-pared to mice fed a healthy diet, AIN93G (AIN). However, it is unclear whether the gut micro-biome contributes directly to colitis-associated CRC in this model. The objective of this study was to determine whether dynamic fecal microbiota transfer (FMT) from host mice fed either AIN or TWD basal diets would alter colitis symptoms or colitis-associated CRC in recipient mice, which were fed either AIN or TWD directly using a 2x2 factorial experiment …


Post Total Hip Arthroplasty Pseudo- Tumour – A Rare Case Report., Dr Harisha H L, Dr Vikram Patil, Dr Gurumurthy B Jan 2023

Post Total Hip Arthroplasty Pseudo- Tumour – A Rare Case Report., Dr Harisha H L, Dr Vikram Patil, Dr Gurumurthy B

Radiology Teaching Files

A 62-year-old female came with complaints of slow growing mass in the left hip region for 4-5 months, associated with dull aching pain. Range of movements were restricted due to pain and mass. She underwent Total Hip arthroplasty (THA) 11 months ago.


Caffey Disease – A Rare Case Report., Dr Sudha Kiran Das Jan 2023

Caffey Disease – A Rare Case Report., Dr Sudha Kiran Das

Radiology Teaching Files

8 month old male infant with localized swelling of the thigh, fever and irritability.


Urban Land-Based Healing: A Northern Intervention Strategy, Nicole Redvers, Melanie Nadeau, Donald Prince Jan 2023

Urban Land-Based Healing: A Northern Intervention Strategy, Nicole Redvers, Melanie Nadeau, Donald Prince

Indigenous Health Faculty Publications

Urban Indigenous populations face significant health and social disparities across Canada. With high rates of homelessness and substance abuse, there are often few options for urban Indigenous Peoples to access land-based healing programs despite the increasingly known and appreciated benefits. In May 2018, the first urban land-based healing camp opened in Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, Canada, one of the first to our knowledge in Canada or the United States. This camp may serve as a potential model for an Indigenous-led and Indigenous-based healing camp in an urban setting. We seek to present preliminary outcome data from the healing camp in a …


Implicit Bias Mask: A Journey To Find Balance, Tiffany Mckenney, Nathan Li, Eve Sherbin, Jeremy Taigman, Pranally Desai, Brock Bradley Jan 2023

Implicit Bias Mask: A Journey To Find Balance, Tiffany Mckenney, Nathan Li, Eve Sherbin, Jeremy Taigman, Pranally Desai, Brock Bradley

Patient Education Projects

No abstract provided.


Implicit Bias Mask: Motivation, Sidney Caudell, Alyssa Fabrizio, Elnaz Guivatchian, Nikolas Minanov, Nico-Luis Ayala, Joshua Rayham Jan 2023

Implicit Bias Mask: Motivation, Sidney Caudell, Alyssa Fabrizio, Elnaz Guivatchian, Nikolas Minanov, Nico-Luis Ayala, Joshua Rayham

Patient Education Projects

No abstract provided.


Implicit Bias Mask: The Me I Want You To See, Susan Hartzell, Jose Lopez, Elli Johnson, Alexa Bernard, Theodore Schiff, Jackson Ferris Jan 2023

Implicit Bias Mask: The Me I Want You To See, Susan Hartzell, Jose Lopez, Elli Johnson, Alexa Bernard, Theodore Schiff, Jackson Ferris

Patient Education Projects

No abstract provided.


Implicit Bias Mask: The Path To Achieving Our Goals, Cyra Kharas, Robert Leone, Mihika Sridhar, Sophia Gandarillas, Paul Villa Jan 2023

Implicit Bias Mask: The Path To Achieving Our Goals, Cyra Kharas, Robert Leone, Mihika Sridhar, Sophia Gandarillas, Paul Villa

Patient Education Projects

No abstract provided.


Implicit Bias Mask: Beneath The Veneer Of Resilience, Daphne Pate, Peter Nolan, Anusha Vavilikolanu, Abrielle Fretz, Cassandra Pecarski, Trisha Ray Jan 2023

Implicit Bias Mask: Beneath The Veneer Of Resilience, Daphne Pate, Peter Nolan, Anusha Vavilikolanu, Abrielle Fretz, Cassandra Pecarski, Trisha Ray

Patient Education Projects

No abstract provided.


Implicit Bias Mask: Dreams And Nightmares, Zunaira Imran, Parsa Kamalipour, Deni Peterson, John Pum, Joshua Deyoung, Ece Erder Jan 2023

Implicit Bias Mask: Dreams And Nightmares, Zunaira Imran, Parsa Kamalipour, Deni Peterson, John Pum, Joshua Deyoung, Ece Erder

Patient Education Projects

No abstract provided.


Implicit Bias Mask: If These Walls Could Talk, Pranav Gopalakrishnan, Christopher Carter, Neha Chava, William Mcroy, Mai Daigle, Stephanie Schervish Jan 2023

Implicit Bias Mask: If These Walls Could Talk, Pranav Gopalakrishnan, Christopher Carter, Neha Chava, William Mcroy, Mai Daigle, Stephanie Schervish

Patient Education Projects

No abstract provided.


Implicit Bias Mask: The Unity In Diversity Mask, Petar Martinovski, Anthony Bally, Nadeen Sukhon, Yousif Jafar, Sarah Chamdin, Manahil Shaikh Jan 2023

Implicit Bias Mask: The Unity In Diversity Mask, Petar Martinovski, Anthony Bally, Nadeen Sukhon, Yousif Jafar, Sarah Chamdin, Manahil Shaikh

Patient Education Projects

No abstract provided.


Implicit Bias Mask: The Doctor Within, Julian Johnson, Angie Achkar, Diana Mcmahon, Abigail Jaczkowski, Brandon Doan, Kevin Tran Jan 2023

Implicit Bias Mask: The Doctor Within, Julian Johnson, Angie Achkar, Diana Mcmahon, Abigail Jaczkowski, Brandon Doan, Kevin Tran

Patient Education Projects

No abstract provided.


Implicit Bias Mask: Ins And Outs, Ranganath Kathawate, Hussein Bazzi, Noor Sulaiman, Emma Breukink, Vikram Rajan, Ron Lukose Jan 2023

Implicit Bias Mask: Ins And Outs, Ranganath Kathawate, Hussein Bazzi, Noor Sulaiman, Emma Breukink, Vikram Rajan, Ron Lukose

Patient Education Projects

No abstract provided.


Implicit Bias Mask: Diversity As Strength, Isabella Anton, Patrick Kollman, Parnia Behinaein, Samy Shelbaya, Yage Pi, Jacob Waitzman Jan 2023

Implicit Bias Mask: Diversity As Strength, Isabella Anton, Patrick Kollman, Parnia Behinaein, Samy Shelbaya, Yage Pi, Jacob Waitzman

Patient Education Projects

No abstract provided.


Implicit Bias Mask: (Gettin' The) Best Of Me, Julia Malewicz, Nasser Junedi, Kirsten Brinkmeier, Alisha Williams, Hovhannes Hayrapetyan, John Gallagher Jan 2023

Implicit Bias Mask: (Gettin' The) Best Of Me, Julia Malewicz, Nasser Junedi, Kirsten Brinkmeier, Alisha Williams, Hovhannes Hayrapetyan, John Gallagher

Patient Education Projects

No abstract provided.


Implicit Bias Mask: Staying True To Who We Are In Medical School, Mithil Gudi, Madison Meyer, Grant Zydeck, Cameron Bear, Ashley Frei, Justin Hassen Jan 2023

Implicit Bias Mask: Staying True To Who We Are In Medical School, Mithil Gudi, Madison Meyer, Grant Zydeck, Cameron Bear, Ashley Frei, Justin Hassen

Patient Education Projects

No abstract provided.


Implicit Bias Mask: What Is The Answer, Nora Sharba, Neeti Gandra, Josiah Stryd, Uzair Khan, Christopher Rittle, Gretchen Swift Jan 2023

Implicit Bias Mask: What Is The Answer, Nora Sharba, Neeti Gandra, Josiah Stryd, Uzair Khan, Christopher Rittle, Gretchen Swift

Patient Education Projects

No abstract provided.