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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Using The Social-Ecological Model To Better Understand Sexual Assertiveness Among Undergraduate Women At An Institution Of Higher Education In The Southeastern United States, Lisa Wright Dec 2022

Using The Social-Ecological Model To Better Understand Sexual Assertiveness Among Undergraduate Women At An Institution Of Higher Education In The Southeastern United States, Lisa Wright

Dissertations

This study examined sexual assertiveness among female undergraduate students at an institution of higher education in the southeastern United States from the context of the social-ecological model. An online survey instrument examined sexual assertiveness, sexual communication self-efficacy, campus climate, and sexual scripts. Structural equation modeling was used to examine the relationships between these variables and all variables significantly predicted sexual assertiveness individually, but when examining the relationships collectively, only sexual communication self-efficacy and campus climate remained significant predictors of sexual assertiveness.


Hiv And Early Life Stress On Neuroimaging And Risky Behavior, Paola Garcia Egan Nov 2022

Hiv And Early Life Stress On Neuroimaging And Risky Behavior, Paola Garcia Egan

Dissertations

This study examined the interactive effects of early life stress (ELS) and HIV on brain morphometry, diffusion-basis-spectrum-imaging (DBSI), risky decision-making, and sex-risk behavior. 122 people with HIV (PWH) and 113 people without HIV (PWoH), free of major psychiatric illness and neurological confounds, were stratified into high (≥ 3 events) vs. low (< 3 events) ELS [PWoH/low ELS (n = 57), PWoH/high ELS (n =56), PWH/low ELS (n = 43), PWH/high ELS (n = 79)] and underwent structural magnetic resonance imaging, DBSI, neuropsychological, and risky-behavior assessment; all PWH were virologically controlled. Compared to PWoH, PWH had smaller orbitofrontal cortex (OFC), parietal lobes, insula, caudate and anterior cingulate. No ELS effects were detected in volumetric measures. Significant interactions were found between HIV serostatus and ELS on the OFC and on cellularity of the inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus after multiple comparisons adjustment. Specifically, PWH/high ELS exhibited significantly smaller OFC and PWoH/high ELS show significantly larger OFC than the other groups. PWoH/high ELS exhibited higher DBSI cellularity (neuroinflammation proxy) of the inferior-occipital-fasciculus compared to PWoH/high ELS. Regardless of HIV status, executive function moderated the relationship between the OFC and sex-risk behavior such that individuals within the sample who performed above average on a measure of executive function and had a larger OFC reported fewer sex partners in past six months than individuals with smaller volumes. No interaction was found between HIV serostatus and ELS on risky behavior measures. Clustering analyses defined ELS subgroups in PWH that were determined by demographic characteristics, duration of infection, recent CD4+ T-cell count, nadir CD4+ T-cell count and high/low ELS.Even in PWH that are virologically controlled, without major current psychiatric comorbidities, there is evidence of a synergistic impact of ELS and HIV on OFC volumes. Higher volumes in the OFC were detrimental when associated with lower executive function scores or advantageous when associated with higher executive function. Findings suggest that ELS is associated with different brain signatures among PWoH and virally suppressed PWH. However, ELS was not directly associated with risky behaviors, and subgroups in PWH were characterized by demographic variables, past substance use and HIV clinical variables.


Family Media Use Plan Implementation For School-Age Children, Mandy Kelly Nov 2022

Family Media Use Plan Implementation For School-Age Children, Mandy Kelly

Dissertations

Abstract

Background: This paper poses to discuss and examine the concern of unmonitored and excessive internet use by school-age children, ages eight years to 11 years old, along with the importance of employing a Family Media Use Plan, which is recommended by the American Family of Pediatrics (AAP). This issue, although not often studied, is a common occurrence today and is associated with physical and mental health concerns for this vulnerable population.

Method: This quality improvement project was accomplished through educating and surveying the parent population of the Intermediate building of a rural, Southeast Missouri Public School District. The involved …


Palliative Care Services On An Adult Inpatient Oncology Unit, Heather E. Barger Nov 2022

Palliative Care Services On An Adult Inpatient Oncology Unit, Heather E. Barger

Dissertations

Abstract

Problem: Palliative care (PC) services are widely underutilized for patients with cancer, partly due to the shortage of PC specialists. Additionally, many Americans have not filled out advance directive (AD) paperwork which is commonly addressed in PC. In the absence of an AD, cancer patients are at risk of receiving undesired aggressive treatments in the event they are unable to make decisions independently.

Methods: This quality improvement pilot initiative utilized a descriptive observational design to evaluate the number of ADs documented in the electronic health record (EHR) on an inpatient oncology unit. A retrospective EHR review was used to …


Risk Factors Of Cyberbullying Victimization: The Impact Of Developmental Trauma, Yuliya Mykytyn Oct 2022

Risk Factors Of Cyberbullying Victimization: The Impact Of Developmental Trauma, Yuliya Mykytyn

Dissertations

Trauma has been considered as one of the significant causes of psychological distress, especially if the traumatic event occurred in the childhood. At the same time, due to wide popularity of social media as a source of communication, cyberbullying emerged as a new way to harass someone, with specific focus on adults and young adults. The area of focus of this research project is to investigate whether experienced trauma, specifically developmental trauma might serve as a risk factor for cyberbullying victimization. Additional focus was on the differences in traumatic experiences and their impact for people with diverse cultural and ethnic …


The Molecular Basis Of Diabetic Cardiomyopath, Ahmed Salaheldin Mustafa Ali Sultan Sep 2022

The Molecular Basis Of Diabetic Cardiomyopath, Ahmed Salaheldin Mustafa Ali Sultan

Dissertations

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major and worsening global health problem. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) accounts for more than 90% of DM and the global epidemic of obesity largely explains the dramatic increase in the incidence and prevalence of T2DM over the past 20 years. Cardiovascular complications are the major cause of morbidity and mortality in diabetic patients. The electrocardiogram (ECG) of diabetic and obese patients is frequently disturbed. The aim of this project was to characterize and clarify the molecular basis of electro-mechanical dysfunction in the hearts of type 2 diabetic and type 2 diabetic/obese rats. Experiments were …


A Delphi Study Of The Skills Necessary For A Speech-Language Pathologist Or Occupational Therapist To Be Successful In A Leadership Position, Jessica Miller Aug 2022

A Delphi Study Of The Skills Necessary For A Speech-Language Pathologist Or Occupational Therapist To Be Successful In A Leadership Position, Jessica Miller

Dissertations

Purpose: The purpose of this Delphi study was to identify the skills necessary for a speech-language pathologist or occupational therapist to be successful in a leadership position using an expert panel. In addition, the purpose was to rate the identified skills based on importance and lastly to determine the activities experts recommend to acquire the top-rated skills. Methodology: This study used a three-round Delphi method to collect data from expert leaders in speech-language pathology and occupational therapy. In Round 1, the expert panel was asked to identify the skills necessary to transition from a speech-language pathologist or occupational therapist to …


Determining The Effectiveness Of Virtually-Delivered Written Exposure Therapy For Treatment Of Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms, Stephanie M. Haft Aug 2022

Determining The Effectiveness Of Virtually-Delivered Written Exposure Therapy For Treatment Of Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms, Stephanie M. Haft

Dissertations

The COVID-19 pandemic has disproportionately impacted individuals with mental health issues (Swendsen, 2020). Although the peak destruction of the COVID-19 pandemic has passed, the psychological fallout remains. Social isolation, home confinement, and travel restrictions have exacerbated mental health issues during the COVID-19 pandemic, contributing to negative psychological distress (Smith et al., 2020). Survivors of trauma have higher vulnerability to prolonged psychological distress than the general population and others with non-trauma-related mental health conditions, which has been exacerbated during and following the COVID-19 pandemic. For these reasons, survivors of trauma may particularly benefit from virtual-delivery of trauma-focused treatments. Mental health providers …


A Managerial Ecosystem For Excellence In Hospital Administration, Denish Gangasingh Jul 2022

A Managerial Ecosystem For Excellence In Hospital Administration, Denish Gangasingh

Dissertations

Major healthcare systems and hospital organizations face a myriad of challenges in today’s business environment, having to provide very complex and more comprehensive medical care with fewer resources. In this study, we investigate determinants of hospital performance in critical dimensions and propose an information infrastructure intended to promote excellence in clinical performance while sustaining a solid financial footing.

Senior executives must be knowledgeable in both business and clinical aspects of hospital administration because their decisions ultimately affect patient care and clinical outcomes. Key performance indicators (KPI) are necessary on both dimensions to inform their decisions. Financial and operational aspects of …


Implementing Recova® To Adjust Estimated Dry Weight In An Outpatient Hemodialysis Clinic, Ayomide Aruwajoye Jul 2022

Implementing Recova® To Adjust Estimated Dry Weight In An Outpatient Hemodialysis Clinic, Ayomide Aruwajoye

Dissertations

Problem: The purpose of this project is to implement the Recova® tool to adjust estimated dry weight supporting interdisciplinary team management of fluid overload in dialysis patients. Fluid overload can lead to high rates of morbidity and mortality. A total sample of 26 hemodialysis patients in an outpatient clinic located in a metropolitan city in a midwestern state was included in the project. Data collected shows there was poor knowledge familiarity with how fluid should be managed in patients suffering from chronic kidney disease. The nurses utilized the Recova tool for a period of 8 weeks to help aid in …


Evaluating Sbirt In A Behavioral Health Urgent Care, Christina L. Williams Jul 2022

Evaluating Sbirt In A Behavioral Health Urgent Care, Christina L. Williams

Dissertations

Background: Adolescent substance use (SU) is a major health concern. Most youth who engage in alcohol and other SU do not meet criteria for SU disorder (SUD). Nonetheless, evidence shows SU during adolescence impacts cognitive, social, and emotional development, increases risk of physical injury, and may progress to SUD in adulthood. Only half of clinicians properly screen adolescents for SU; those identified with SUD often receive no intervention. Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) is an evidence-based intervention to address this problem. The purpose of this project was to evaluate implementation of SBIRT using CRAFFT 2.1+N, a SU …


Visualizing Depressive Symptom Improvement: Implementing The 17-Item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, Briana Raterman Jul 2022

Visualizing Depressive Symptom Improvement: Implementing The 17-Item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, Briana Raterman

Dissertations

Visualizing Depressive Symptom Improvement: Implementing the 17-Item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale

Abstract

Problem

Depression, a mental health diagnosis, has affected about 18.5% of adults (Villarroel & Terlizzi, 2020). Ketamine, a medication initially used as an anesthetic, has improved depressive symptoms in individuals struggling with treatment-resistant depression.

Method

This quality improvement (QI) project used the 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale questionnaire to assess depressive symptom changes in patients receiving intramuscular ketamine for treatment-resistant depression. The questionnaire was administered to patients pre-and post-intramuscular ketamine administration. The data was collected on injections one, three, and six on each participant’s set schedule of injections …


Implementing A D/Deaf Educational Module For Graduate Nursing Students, Brenda J. Pauley Jul 2022

Implementing A D/Deaf Educational Module For Graduate Nursing Students, Brenda J. Pauley

Dissertations

Problem: Nurse practitioners lack knowledge and skills to effectively communicate with D/deaf individuals which potentiates risk for health disparities and gaps in care. Graduate nursing programs rarely incorporate D/deaf-focused education in their curriculums.

Methods: This descriptive quality improvement project implemented the first D/deaf-focused educational online module at a Midwestern university’s College of Nursing. A purposive sample of 38 BSN-DNP students enrolled in the Spring Intensive completed a pre- and post-education survey. Both surveys assessed students’ D/deaf perceptions through Lewis and Keele’s (2020) D/deaf and Hard of Hearing Interaction Beliefs Scale for Registered Nurses (DdHH-IBS/RN) and evaluated students’ knowledge through a …


Implementation Of An Evaluation Of Davita Clabsi Protocol To Reduce Bloodstream Infections In Acute Hemodialysis Patients, Emmy Le Jul 2022

Implementation Of An Evaluation Of Davita Clabsi Protocol To Reduce Bloodstream Infections In Acute Hemodialysis Patients, Emmy Le

Dissertations

Abstract

Problem: Central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) is the primary cause of morbidity and mortality in End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) patients on hemodialysis. It is associated with severe medical conditions, prolonged hospitalization, and financial burden. Despite its convenience and simple operation, central venous catheter (CVC) account for 70% of all CLABSI occurrence and increase the risk for septicemia and death.

Methods: This quality improvement (QI) project utilized a descriptive observational pilot design to identify the effect of DaVita CLABSI Protocol on CLABSI occurrence rate. Quantitative data was collected retrospectively and prospectively via electronic medical record (EMR) review before and …


An Evaluation Of A Multidisciplinary Implementation Of Evidence Based Practice In Prediabetes, Emily Sisco Jul 2022

An Evaluation Of A Multidisciplinary Implementation Of Evidence Based Practice In Prediabetes, Emily Sisco

Dissertations

Abstract

Problem Over 70% of prediabetic patients progress to full diabetes. There are over 80 million American adults who are diabetic. Diabetes is the costliest chronic disease that often leads to many other health issues.

Methods This QI project utilized a descriptive observational design. Quantitative data was collected via retrospective chart review. Primary data collected was documentation of a patient visit to the registered dietician and the hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) of patients who followed up in the office after the referral.

Results Eight patients followed up to the office for a second visit (n=8). Four patients did see the registered …


Increasing Rooming-In Rates On A Mother Baby Unit, Scotti Manes Jul 2022

Increasing Rooming-In Rates On A Mother Baby Unit, Scotti Manes

Dissertations

Problem: For new postpartum mothers, rooming-in has much evidence-based benefit; yet it is not widely accepted. Recent trends show the standard of care has changed to have newborns cared for in the nursery during parts of the postpartum period. Healthcare providers have unintentionally lacked providing ample education to new mothers regarding the benefits of rooming-in for mothers and newborns.

Methods: For this quality improvement (QI) project, a descriptive observational study design was used to identify if implementing standardized rooming-in education for patients influences rooming-in rates or the rates of exclusive breastfeeding at discharge. Thirteen staff nurses were identified as “champions” …


Education To Improve Long-Acting Injectable Antipsychotic Use, Travis Donald Wolfangel Jul 2022

Education To Improve Long-Acting Injectable Antipsychotic Use, Travis Donald Wolfangel

Dissertations

Purpose: Long-acting injectable (LAI) antipsychotics are underutilized as an evidence-based treatment for schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder. The purpose of this quality improvement project was to determine if a web-based LAI education module changed advance practice prescribers’ knowledge, attitudes, and practice behaviors regarding LAI antipsychotics one month after receiving LAI education at a community-based mental health organization.

Methods: This QI project was an observational pre- post-educational design. The 20-item Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices (KAP) questionnaire was used to assess advanced practice providers’ knowledge retention, attitude changes, and practice modifications regarding LAI antipsychotics and prospective patient chart reviews were performed. …


Reducing Pediatric Morbidity Through Development Of A Clinical Practice Guideline, Deanna Kroh Jul 2022

Reducing Pediatric Morbidity Through Development Of A Clinical Practice Guideline, Deanna Kroh

Dissertations

Peripheral intravenous therapy is a commonly utilized treatment modality for the care of acutely ill pediatric patients. Two risk factors include infiltration and extravasation injuries. These injuries, peripheral intravenous infiltration or extravasation injuries (PIVIEs), can vary in their clinical manifestations from minor discomfort to harm as severe as loss of limb or disfigurement. Clinicians caring for patients at risk of developing PIVIEs need to be able to act quickly to reduce potential morbidity. The purpose of this project was to create a clinical practice guideline (CPG) that would guide staff intervention if a PIVIE occurs, with the ultimate goal of …


Evaluation Of An Education Program Implementation For Adults With Stage 4 And 5 Chronic Kidney Disease, Dana Marie Carter Jul 2022

Evaluation Of An Education Program Implementation For Adults With Stage 4 And 5 Chronic Kidney Disease, Dana Marie Carter

Dissertations

Abstract

Problem: Patients with long-term medical conditions represent a significant public health issue. Therefore, patients diagnosed with a chronic illness must have a high level of health literacy (HL) to manage their condition effectively. This Quality Improvement (QI) project evaluated the impact of an existing education-based program for stage 4 and 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients and its effect on laboratory values compared before and after an NP-led education program that included vascular access, and modality choices.

Methods: A retrospective chart review was completed on 20 patients with an inclusive diagnosis of CKD stage 4 or 5 from …


Implementation Of A Critical Event Debriefing Tool In The Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Tara Fiala Jul 2022

Implementation Of A Critical Event Debriefing Tool In The Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Tara Fiala

Dissertations

Problem: Working in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU), staff encounter critical patient events without warning. Debriefing after adverse patient events has been shown to give staff the opportunity to process these events in an open, honest, and judgement-free environment. Debriefing has been recognized as a tool for detecting medical errors, improving team communication, providing emotional support, and analyzing team performance.

Methods: A descriptive, observational pilot study was used to implement the DISCERN tool into a large, midwestern, urban PICU. The aim of the quality improvement project was to achieve a debriefing tool completion rate of 20% over a one-month …


Reducing Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infections In The Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Maria Smith Jul 2022

Reducing Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infections In The Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Maria Smith

Dissertations

Problem: CAUTIs (catheter-associated urinary tract infections) are a common hospital-acquired condition (HAC) that increase length of hospital stays, hospital costs, and risk for patient mortality. CAUTI rates in a PICU increased in 2021 from the year 2020. A rapid cycle PDSA revealed nurses were not using soap and water for foley catheter care, which is the recommended cleanser by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Methods: An observational descriptive design was used to evaluate foley catheter cleaning and CAUTI rates. PICU nurses completed behavior surveys regarding foley catheter cleaning practices. An education intervention occurred when nurses answered anything …


Initiation Of Procalcitonin Screening As A Marker In Antibiotic Therapy De-Escalation, Briana Kile Jul 2022

Initiation Of Procalcitonin Screening As A Marker In Antibiotic Therapy De-Escalation, Briana Kile

Dissertations

Problem: The overuse of antibiotics has created antimicrobial resistance (AMR)

resulting in treatment failure for bacterial infections. To combat AMR, clinicians should

only prescribe antibiotic therapy when clinically warranted. It is easy to misdiagnose a

viral infection. However, any delay in the initiation of antibiotic therapy in a bacterial

infection may lead to increased morbidity and mortality. These patients with non-specific

clinical symptoms may be misdiagnosed without a rapid and definitive diagnostic test.

Methods: This quality improvement (QI) initiative utilized an evidence-based clinical

guideline for procalcitonin (PCT) levels for antibiotic therapy de-escalation. WBC counts

were collected two-days and one-day before …


Implementation Of A Protocol Nurse In The Emergency Department, Marissa Kramer Jul 2022

Implementation Of A Protocol Nurse In The Emergency Department, Marissa Kramer

Dissertations

Abstract

Problem: Increased wait times and extended length of stay (LOS) of patients in the Emergency Department (ED) are contributing to overcrowding, burdening EDs worldwide. A nurse can initiate patient care using protocol order sets while a patient is in the waiting room; however, triage nurses are often too busy to complete these orders. Scheduling a nurse to complete these protocol order sets could reduce ED overcrowding and patient LOS.

Method: A convenience sample was used to retrospectively chart review and collect data utilizing an excel spreadsheet with patients 40 years of age and older with a chief complaint of …


Screening For Social Determinants Of Health In A Comprehensive Pediatric Sickle Cell Disease Clinic, Marie Turner Jul 2022

Screening For Social Determinants Of Health In A Comprehensive Pediatric Sickle Cell Disease Clinic, Marie Turner

Dissertations

Problem: Social determinants of health (SDOH) affect health outcomes across the lifespan. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends routine screening for SDOH. Poverty is a SDOH affecting health outcomes in children, especially in children with a chronic disease such as sickle cell disease (SCD). Children with sickle cell disease have a high burden of SDOH. This project sought to describe the SDOH barriers experienced by pediatric patients with SCD.

Methods: A descriptive survey/observational design, using a convenience sample of pediatric patients ages 0-19 years old in a comprehensive SCD clinic at a large, urban, Midwestern academic medical center was utilized …


Implicit Bias Training For Perinatal Nursing, Racheal Lakine-Harden Jul 2022

Implicit Bias Training For Perinatal Nursing, Racheal Lakine-Harden

Dissertations

Problem: Maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality is a rising health care crisis in the United States. Black women are disproportionately affected. Clinician implicit bias and medical racism have been named as factors in this crisis. Recommendations to address this public health peril include; educating and raising awareness among front-line perinatal nursing staff on implicit bias and its consequences for Black women. The purpose of this project is to evaluate the impact of implicit bias training on nurses’ awareness of implicit bias, attitudes, and beliefs about disparities, and the likelihood to engage in behaviors to reduce or address racial bias …


Evaluating Mindfulness On Loneliness In An Older Adult Population, Jessica Tieskoetter Jul 2022

Evaluating Mindfulness On Loneliness In An Older Adult Population, Jessica Tieskoetter

Dissertations

Problem: Loneliness is a widespread public health concern and has negatively impacted mortality and health outcomes among older adults. This quality improvement project’s purpose was to evaluate mindfulness on loneliness and quality of life among adults aged 65 years and older, participating in a weekly befriending socialization program.

Methods: A descriptive cohort design was utilized to assess loneliness pre-and post-implementation of a mindfulness telephone line over three months. A convenience sample of 22 older adults enrolled in a befriending socialization program was used. The Iowa Model of Evidence-Based Practice framework was applied to guide the implementation of a practice change …


Doubling Down On Sepsis: A Quality Improvement Project To Improve Sepsis Bundle Compliance On An Inpatient Oncology Unit, Kayla Slay Jul 2022

Doubling Down On Sepsis: A Quality Improvement Project To Improve Sepsis Bundle Compliance On An Inpatient Oncology Unit, Kayla Slay

Dissertations

Problem: Sepsis is a leading cause of death worldwide, and the second most common cause of death in cancer patients. Early management of sepsis through use of sepsis bundles have been shown to improve patient outcomes, yet bundle adherence is unfortunately inconsistent.

Methods: A two-nurse team, called the Sepsis Sidekicks, was a process improvement initiative to increase compliance with the center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) sepsis bundle and improve patient outcomes related to sepsis. The observational quality improvement project utilized a Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) model over a six-week period where quantitative data was collected using a retrospective chart review. …


Healthcare-Associated Pressure Injury Prevention In The Intensive Care Unit, Ross Quinton Jul 2022

Healthcare-Associated Pressure Injury Prevention In The Intensive Care Unit, Ross Quinton

Dissertations

Problem: Healthcare-associated pressure injuries (HAPIs) occur when prolonged pressure is on the sacrum, coccyx, elbows, and heels, during a hospital stay. HAPIs can result in increased morbidity and mortality, and prolonged hospital stays, which consequently requires excess expenditure on treatment. Early specialty mattress placement can prevent HAPI acquirement.

Methods: This quality improvement (QI) pilot project aimed to increase specialty prevention mattress usage in the intensive care unit (ICU). A sleep surface decision tree was implemented into the admission process in a 30-bed ICU. A retrospective record review was used to examine demographics, comorbidities, HAPI risk, length of stay, and when …


Life Matters, Marina Fischer Jul 2022

Life Matters, Marina Fischer

Dissertations

Problem: One of the challenges facing many primary care providers is managing hypertension. Hypertension contributes to cardiovascular disease events. Consequently, the high occurrence of hypertension related visits signifies a clinical practice gap in hypertension management resulting in substandard blood pressure outcomes. The purpose of this clinical scholarship project was to assess the difference of pre and post Quality of Life Scale (QOLS) scores in a hypertensive population.

Methods: This quality improvement project used a longitudinal, observational design with prospective data collection. The sample included newly diagnosed hypertensive adults ages 21 to 64 years old. The sample was administered the World …


Evaluating The Effectiveness Of Implementing Depression Screenings With Uninsured African American Adults, Pamela Talley Jul 2022

Evaluating The Effectiveness Of Implementing Depression Screenings With Uninsured African American Adults, Pamela Talley

Dissertations

Problem: Uninsured African Americans are underdiagnosed and often untreated for depression. Individuals usually do not present to their primary care provider with a complaint of depressed mood, however, may report symptoms such as decreased energy, general body aches, digestive concerns, somatic complaints, or older adults' memory or cognitive problems. The purpose of this quality improvement pilot project was to examine the results of the implementation of a depression screening (PHQ-9) in a primary care setting for uninsured adults for detection, diagnosis, and treatment of depression in African American clients.

Results: The PHQ-9 screening questionnaire was given to 100% (N …