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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Interrater Reliability Of The Focus-34: Parent-To-Parent And Parent-To-Clinician, Barbara Jane Cunningham, Peter Rosenbaum, Anastasia Nepotiuk, Nancy Thomas-Stonell Jan 2023

Interrater Reliability Of The Focus-34: Parent-To-Parent And Parent-To-Clinician, Barbara Jane Cunningham, Peter Rosenbaum, Anastasia Nepotiuk, Nancy Thomas-Stonell

PRECISe Preschool Speech and Language Publications

This brief report presents interrater reliability data for the Focus on the Outcomes of Communication Under Six (FOCUS-34) between parents, and between parents and speech-language pathologists (SLPs). Reliability for all three raters combined was good to excellent across three assessments. Reliability for pairs of raters was variable but generally good.


Examining The Socio-Economic And Gendered Structure Of Canada's Live-In Caregiver Program: A Qualitative Study Of Filipina Women's Health Experiences, Andrea Bobadilla Dec 2022

Examining The Socio-Economic And Gendered Structure Of Canada's Live-In Caregiver Program: A Qualitative Study Of Filipina Women's Health Experiences, Andrea Bobadilla

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The primary aim of this critical ethnographic study was to examine how Filipina women in the Canadian live-in caregiver program (LCP) negotiate their own physical and mental well-being while managing the complex health needs of their clients. Using global care chain and postcolonial theoretical frameworks, I also sought to identify how multi-scalar forces including caregiving and migrant policies in Canada and South East Asia exacerbate pre-existing gendered and labour inequities faced by these women. The distressing impact of this precarious form of employment on family dynamics and relationships among family members in the Philippines was also explored. Data collection took …


Association Of Socioeconomic, Racial, And Regional Factors With In-Hospital Management And Outcomes Of Acute Myocardial Infarction Patients In The United States: National Analyses Of 2.8 Million Admissions, Olivia Haldenby Dec 2022

Association Of Socioeconomic, Racial, And Regional Factors With In-Hospital Management And Outcomes Of Acute Myocardial Infarction Patients In The United States: National Analyses Of 2.8 Million Admissions, Olivia Haldenby

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Social determinants of health contribute to variations in clinical outcomes among acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients. Using the National Inpatient Sample, we conducted retrospective cohort analyses to evaluate the association of income, race, and geography with in-hospital mortality and revascularization procedures among AMI admissions in the United States from 2015 to 2019. Multilevel logistic regression models were used while accounting for hospital clustering and relevant predictors. A sequential model-building approach produced model 1 (unadjusted patient-level exposures), model 2 (lifestyle factors), model 3 (clinical characteristics), and model 4 (fully adjusted hospital-level factors). We identified 2,798,225 AMI hospitalizations (≥18 years) with 1,567,575 …


Development Of An On-Call Assessment Tool For Competency-Based Surgical Training, Eric C. Mitchell Dec 2022

Development Of An On-Call Assessment Tool For Competency-Based Surgical Training, Eric C. Mitchell

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Introduction: A central tenet of competency-based medical education is formative assessment of trainees. There are no assessments examining resident competence on-call, despite this being a significant component of resident training and characterized by less supervision compared to daytime.

Methods: A national survey was conducted to evaluate the state of assessment in Canadian Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery programs. An on-call assessment tool was developed based on a consensus group and was piloted over six months. Validity of the tool was examined through qualitative and quantitative methods.

Results: There were 63 tools completed across ten residents and seven staff physicians. Tool reliability …


Simulated And Experimental Approaches To The Development Of Novel Test Phantoms For Radiofrequency Heating Of Implanted Medical Devices, Amgad M. Louka Dec 2022

Simulated And Experimental Approaches To The Development Of Novel Test Phantoms For Radiofrequency Heating Of Implanted Medical Devices, Amgad M. Louka

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has cemented itself as the gold standard for imaging of soft tissues and is only increasing in popularity. Given the rising number of MRI scanners and medical device being implanted into patients, it is becoming increasingly likely that patients undergoing MRI will have an implanted medical device (IMD). The presence of an elongated metallic IMD inside a scanner could result in dangerous interactions with the radiofrequency fields during MRI, thus some of these IMDs preclude the patients from being scanned.

Orthopedic devices typically fall into this category due to their high potential for RF induced heating, …


Noninvasive Quantification Of Tissue Sodium Concentration In The Kidney Disease Spectrum Using 23na Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Fabio R. Salerno Dec 2022

Noninvasive Quantification Of Tissue Sodium Concentration In The Kidney Disease Spectrum Using 23na Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Fabio R. Salerno

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Chronic kidney disease (CKD), especially when requiring kidney replacement therapy (hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD)), is associated with extracellular water expansion with increased total body sodium. Sodium can also be accumulated in tissues independently of extracellular water. Sodium-23 magnetic resonance imaging (23Na MRI) can quantify the concentration of sodium nuclei in tissues. Applied to the human leg, quantification of tissue sodium concentrations mainly at the skin and muscle level is possible. We hypothesized that increased tissue sodium concentrations exert toxic effects in CKD and dialysis. We aimed to (1) compare tissue sodium concentrations in adults, children and …


Severe Lower Extremity Trauma In Ontario: A Linked Population-Based Analysis, Stephanie M. Kim Dec 2022

Severe Lower Extremity Trauma In Ontario: A Linked Population-Based Analysis, Stephanie M. Kim

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Open tibia fractures (OTF) are a management challenge. Admission to a trauma center (TC) and a coordinated approach to bony fixation and soft-tissue reconstruction (STR) have been shown to improve outcomes. The objective of this study was to describe patients who had OTF in Ontario and analyze their outcomes. Linked population data pertaining to patients who had OTF between the years 2009-2020 were examined. Demographic information, admission location, and management course were collected. 4240 patients were found. The mean age was 47, and majority were males. Patients admitted to TC had greater proportion of having Injury Severity Score >15, and …


Data-Driven Neuroanatomical Subtypes In Various Stages Of Schizophrenia: Linking Cortical Thickness, Glutamate, And Language Functioning, Liangbing Liang Dec 2022

Data-Driven Neuroanatomical Subtypes In Various Stages Of Schizophrenia: Linking Cortical Thickness, Glutamate, And Language Functioning, Liangbing Liang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The considerable variation in the spatial distribution of cortical thickness changes has been used to parse heterogeneity in schizophrenia. We aimed to recover a ‘cortical impoverishment’ subgroup with widespread cortical thinning. We applied hierarchical cluster analysis to cortical thickness data of three datasets in different stages of psychosis and studied the cognitive, functional, neurochemical, language and symptom profiles of the observed subgroups. Our consensus-based clustering procedure consistently produced a subgroup characterized by significantly lower cortical thickness. This ‘cortical impoverishment’ subgroup was associated with a higher symptom burden in a clinically stable sample and higher glutamate levels with language impairments in …


Principles Of Dormancy Evident In High-Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer, Trevor G. Shepherd, Frederick A. Dick Dec 2022

Principles Of Dormancy Evident In High-Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer, Trevor G. Shepherd, Frederick A. Dick

Paediatrics Publications

In cancer, dormancy refers to a clinical state in which microscopic residual disease becomes non-proliferative and is largely refractory to chemotherapy. Dormancy was first described in breast cancer where disease can remain undetected for decades, ultimately leading to relapse and clinical presentation of the original malignancy. A long latency period can be explained by withdrawal from cell proliferation (cellular dormancy), or a balance between proliferation and cell death that retains low levels of residual disease (tumor mass dormancy). Research into cellular dormancy has revealed features that define this state. They include arrest of cell proliferation, altered cellular metabolism, and unique …


Assessing Cerebral Blood Flow, Oxygenation And Cytochrome C Oxidase Stability In Preterm Infants During The First 3 Days After Birth, Ajay Rajaram, Daniel Milej, Marianne Suwalski, Lilian Kebaya, Matthew Kewin, Lawrence Yip, Sandrine De Ribaupierre, Victor Han, Mamadou Diop, Soume Bhattacharya, Keith St. Lawrence Dec 2022

Assessing Cerebral Blood Flow, Oxygenation And Cytochrome C Oxidase Stability In Preterm Infants During The First 3 Days After Birth, Ajay Rajaram, Daniel Milej, Marianne Suwalski, Lilian Kebaya, Matthew Kewin, Lawrence Yip, Sandrine De Ribaupierre, Victor Han, Mamadou Diop, Soume Bhattacharya, Keith St. Lawrence

Paediatrics Publications

A major concern with preterm birth is the risk of neurodevelopmental disability. Poor cerebral circulation leading to periods of hypoxia is believed to play a significant role in the etiology of preterm brain injury, with the first three days of life considered the period when the brain is most vulnerable. This study focused on monitoring cerebral perfusion and metabolism during the first 72 h after birth in preterm infants weighing less than 1500 g. Brain monitoring was performed by combining hyperspectral near-infrared spectroscopy to assess oxygen saturation and the oxidation state of cytochrome c oxidase (oxCCO), with diffuse correlation spectroscopy …


Encouraging Movement Opportunities Through Theory-Informed Video Education In Undergraduate Students: The Move Study, Carmen T. Labadie Nov 2022

Encouraging Movement Opportunities Through Theory-Informed Video Education In Undergraduate Students: The Move Study, Carmen T. Labadie

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This mixed methods randomized control trial explored the impact of a tailored, Health Belief and Transtheoretical Model informed educational video on undergraduate students’: (1) motivational readiness, self-efficacy, and decisional balance about changing sedentary behaviour; (2) levels of sedentary time; and (3) perceptions of sedentary behaviour over time and when compared to a control condition. Students (N = 160) were randomly assigned to the intervention or control group. Participants completed: two previously validated questionnaires at baseline, immediate post-intervention, and one-month follow-up; and open-ended questions at post-intervention (intervention group only). Linear mixed models and inductive content analysis were used. Significant differences …


A Long-Term Follow-Up Of The Stability Study: Multicenter Rct Comparing Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction With And Without Lateral Extra-Articular Tenodesis In Individuals At High Risk Of Graft Failure, Katelyn M. Inch Nov 2022

A Long-Term Follow-Up Of The Stability Study: Multicenter Rct Comparing Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction With And Without Lateral Extra-Articular Tenodesis In Individuals At High Risk Of Graft Failure, Katelyn M. Inch

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

One hundred and ninety-six patients at the Fowler Kennedy Sport Medicine Clinic (FKSMC) undergoing anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction (ACLR) were randomized as part of the multi-center STABILITY study to receive either an isolated ACLR or ACLR with a lateral extra-articular tenodesis (LET). The STABILITY study followed these patients up to two years postoperative, and a long-term follow-up protocol was initiated afterwards. Eighty-two patients from this center were seen at three, five and seven years postoperative as part of a long-term follow-up. Our primary outcome was a composite outcome of instability and graft failure. Secondary outcomes included patient-reported outcome measures …


The Effect Of Oral And Topical Antibiotics On Foreskin Inflammation And Hiv Target Cells In Ugandan Men., Zhongtian (Eric) Shao Nov 2022

The Effect Of Oral And Topical Antibiotics On Foreskin Inflammation And Hiv Target Cells In Ugandan Men., Zhongtian (Eric) Shao

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Penile circumcision reduces HIV susceptibility by up to 60% in men; however, many men prefer to remain uncircumcised for personal or cultural reasons. Penile circumcision protects against HIV by reducing anaerobic bacteria on the penis. Penile anaerobes cause local inflammation and the recruitment of HIV-susceptible CD4+CCR5+ cells, increasing the likelihood that exposure to HIV during intercourse results in infection. To determine if a non-surgical intervention can reduce penile anaerobes and HIV target cells, we randomized men to antimicrobial treatment prior to circumcision. To be able to quantify the effect of antimicrobials, we developed a novel deep-learning algorithm to quantify HIV …


A Framework For Stable Robot-Environment Interaction Based On The Generalized Scattering Transformation, Kanstantsin Pachkouski Nov 2022

A Framework For Stable Robot-Environment Interaction Based On The Generalized Scattering Transformation, Kanstantsin Pachkouski

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis deals with development and experimental evaluation of control algorithms for stabilization of robot-environment interaction based on the conic systems formalism and scattering transformation techniques. A framework for stable robot-environment interaction is presented and evaluated on a real physical system. The proposed algorithm fundamentally generalizes the conventional passivity-based approaches to the coupled stability problem. In particular, it allows for stabilization of not necessarily passive robot-environment interaction. The framework is based on the recently developed non-planar conic systems formalism and generalized scattering-based stabilization methods. A comprehensive theoretical background on the scattering transformation techniques, planar and non-planar conic systems is presented. …


Exploration Of The Pathophysiological Mechanisms Underlying Hemodialysis Associated Cardiac Ischemic Injury, Lisa Yun Jeong Hur Nov 2022

Exploration Of The Pathophysiological Mechanisms Underlying Hemodialysis Associated Cardiac Ischemic Injury, Lisa Yun Jeong Hur

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Hemodialysis (HD) provides life-saving treatment in individuals with kidney failure. However, HD is associated with poor quality of life and extremely high mortality rates mainly caused by cardiovascular disease due to heart failure and sudden cardiac death. Standard pharmacological treatment developed within the non-kidney disease community are largely ineffective in HD patients because of the difference in pathophysiology of cardiovascular mortality. HD treatment causes hypotension and recurrent ischemic injury to multiple vascular beds including the heart, leading to heart failure. These injuries can be abrogated by improving the patient’s tolerability of the treatment. To apply interventions that may improve hemodynamic …


The Clinical Value Of Oculomotor Assessments Across The Continuum Of Concussion, Dillon Richards Nov 2022

The Clinical Value Of Oculomotor Assessments Across The Continuum Of Concussion, Dillon Richards

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Concussions are complex conditions that are difficult to manage medically. Variations in symptom presentation, intricate neurophysiological processes, and the availability of a variety of possible assessment tools may contribute to this complexity. Clinicians must use a broad approach, employing both subjective symptom assessment and objective assessments to confirm a diagnosis and/or monitor progression and recovery. Oculomotor function after concussion may be an important indicator of injury, given the interconnectedness of oculomotor function, vestibulo-ocular and visual systems, and even cognition. Oculomotor function may be assessed objectively or indirectly using patient-reported symptom checklists as part of subjective assessments. One way of objectively …


Decompression Vs. Decompression And Fusion In Cauda Equina Syndrome Secondary To Massive Lumbar Disc Herniation, Ruheksh Raj Nov 2022

Decompression Vs. Decompression And Fusion In Cauda Equina Syndrome Secondary To Massive Lumbar Disc Herniation, Ruheksh Raj

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Posterior spinal surgery through either a decompression or additional fusion procedure is the widely accepted standard of care for patients presenting with cauda equina syndrome (CES) secondary to massive disc herniation. A plethora of literature has been published regarding post- surgical outcome, particularly in regards to improvement of lower sacral nerve symptoms in relation to timing of surgery. There is a paucity of data with regards to long term clinical outcomes in patients between the decompression and decompression and fusion groups. We initially hypothesized was that there would be no longer term clinical differences in outcome between the two groups, …


Virtual Hearing Aid Care: Clinical Practice Guideline V2.0, Danielle Glista, Robin O'Hagan, Danielle Leah Difabio, Sheila Theresa Frances Moodie, Karen Munoz, Frances Richert, Ioan Curca, Christine Meston, David Pfingstgraef, Keiran Joseph, Christine L. Brown Nov 2022

Virtual Hearing Aid Care: Clinical Practice Guideline V2.0, Danielle Glista, Robin O'Hagan, Danielle Leah Difabio, Sheila Theresa Frances Moodie, Karen Munoz, Frances Richert, Ioan Curca, Christine Meston, David Pfingstgraef, Keiran Joseph, Christine L. Brown

Communication Sciences and Disorders Publications

This clinical practice guideline (CPG) provides guidance around the delivery of virtual hearing aid care according to hearing healthcare professional practices and responsibilities, informed implementation strategies, clinical decision frameworks, and technology and infrastructure requirements. Guidance aligns with person-centred care approaches across four virtual care types: hearing aid management, programming, verification, and validation. CPG recommendations are based on evidence resulting from systematic literature review and co-creation efforts from an international team of hearing healthcare providers and clinician/scientist leaders in the field.


Internet-Delivered Cognitive Behavioural Therapy For People With Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: A Feasibility Study, Ujjoyinee France Barua Nov 2022

Internet-Delivered Cognitive Behavioural Therapy For People With Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: A Feasibility Study, Ujjoyinee France Barua

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Individuals with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) can experience high levels of emotional distress, leading to decreased quality of life and increased health care costs. Bowen's feasibility framework was used to examine the feasibility, acceptability, and limited efficacy of an innovative clinician-guided internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy program (ICBT) specialized for people with mTBI to improve their wellbeing. The data illustrated strong adherence and program satisfaction from participants. Likewise, statistically and clinically significant changes in symptoms of unhappiness and anxiety were found, along with improved self-efficacy and quality of life. The findings of this study contribute new knowledge to the emerging …


Social Isolation, Third Places, And Precarious Employment Circumstances: A Scoping Review, Debbie Laliberte Rudman, Rebecca M. Aldrich Nov 2022

Social Isolation, Third Places, And Precarious Employment Circumstances: A Scoping Review, Debbie Laliberte Rudman, Rebecca M. Aldrich

Occupational Therapy Publications

No abstract provided.


Kinematic And Kinetic Gait Characteristics In People With Patellofemoral Pain: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Harvi Hart Dr. Nov 2022

Kinematic And Kinetic Gait Characteristics In People With Patellofemoral Pain: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Harvi Hart Dr.

Physical Therapy Publications

Abstract

Background

Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is a prevalent knee condition with many proposed biomechanically orientated etiological factors and treatments.

Objective

We aimed to systematically review and synthesize the evidence for biomechanical variables (spatiotemporal, kinematic, kinetic) during walking and running in people with PFP compared with pain-free controls, and determine if biomechanical variables contribute to the development of PFP.

Design

Systematic review and meta-analysis.

Data sources

We searched Medline, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, Embase, and Web of Science from inception to October 2021.

Eligibility criteria for selecting studies

All study designs (prospective, case–control [± interventional component, provided pre-intervention data were reported for both …


Who’S Cooking Tonight? A Time-Use Study Of Coupled Adults In Toronto, Canada, Bochu Liu, Michael J. Widener, Lindsey G. Smith, Steven Farber, Dionne Gesink, Leia M. Minaker, Zachary Patterson, Kristian Larsen, Jason Gilliland Nov 2022

Who’S Cooking Tonight? A Time-Use Study Of Coupled Adults In Toronto, Canada, Bochu Liu, Michael J. Widener, Lindsey G. Smith, Steven Farber, Dionne Gesink, Leia M. Minaker, Zachary Patterson, Kristian Larsen, Jason Gilliland

Geography & Environment Publications

Understanding how coupled adults arrange food-related labor in relation to their daily time allocation is of great importance because different arrangements may have implications for diet-related health and gender equity. Studies from the time-use perspective argue that daily activities such as work, caregiving, and non-food-related housework can potentially compete for time with foodwork. However, studies in this regard are mostly centered on individual-level analyses. They fail to consider cohabiting partners’ time spent on foodwork and non-food-related activities, a factor that could be helpful in explaining how coupled partners decide to allocate time to food activities. Using 108 daily time-use logs …


The Lived Experiences Of Pain And Fatigue In Persons Living With Neurological Conditions: A Phenomenological Study, Lauren L. Kane Oct 2022

The Lived Experiences Of Pain And Fatigue In Persons Living With Neurological Conditions: A Phenomenological Study, Lauren L. Kane

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Purpose: The aim of the study was to understand the experiences and impact of pain and fatigue and to further explore the relationship between participants' descriptions of their lived experiences with these phenomena within and across multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, and cerebral palsy. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were used to interview nine participants about their experiences of living with pain and fatigue in their respective conditions. A new phenomenological approach was adopted, and data was analyzed inductively using interpretive phenomenological analysis. Results: Three final themes including a lack of understanding, negative perceptions of pain and fatigue, and coping strategies used to …


The Experiences And Challenges Of Community Health Volunteers As Agents For Behaviour Change Programming In Africa: A Scoping Review, Mary Ndu, Ellena Andoniou, Sorcha Mcnally, Francisco Olea Popelka, Marisa Tippet, Elysee Nouvet Oct 2022

The Experiences And Challenges Of Community Health Volunteers As Agents For Behaviour Change Programming In Africa: A Scoping Review, Mary Ndu, Ellena Andoniou, Sorcha Mcnally, Francisco Olea Popelka, Marisa Tippet, Elysee Nouvet

Health Studies Publications

ommunity health volunteers are considered a vital part of the community health structure in Africa. Despite this vital role in African health systems, very little is known about the community health volunteers’ day-to-day lived experiences providing services in communities and supporting other health workers. This scoping review aims to advance understanding of the day-to-day experiences of community health volunteers in Africa. In doing so, this review draws attention to these under-considered actors in African health systems and identifies critical factors and conditions that represent challenges to community health volunteers’ work in this context. Ultimately, our goal is to provide a …


Western Diet-Like Culture Conditions And Oxidative Stress On A Cell Model Of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, Celina M. Valvano Oct 2022

Western Diet-Like Culture Conditions And Oxidative Stress On A Cell Model Of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, Celina M. Valvano

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a major health burden in the Western world, as the Western diet (WD) appears to be the driving force of this disease. However, the individual contributions of the diet and the impacts of their individual metabolism are currently ill-defined. This study used HepG2 cells to understand the impact of the individual components of WD in early NAFLD development under basal insulin levels. Specifically, nutrient-induced changes in reactive oxygen species (ROS) and signaling pathways, such as sterol regulatory element binding proteins (SREBPs), were examined to identify the root cause of steatosis development. High-fat and WD-exposed …


A Fast Voxel-Based 3d Dose Convolution Method For Personalized Targeted Radionuclide Therapy Of Prostate Cancer Patients, Chidera Opara Oct 2022

A Fast Voxel-Based 3d Dose Convolution Method For Personalized Targeted Radionuclide Therapy Of Prostate Cancer Patients, Chidera Opara

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Targeted radionuclide therapy (TRT) is an effective treatment for metastatic prostate cancer. This thesis develops a convolution-based dosimetric method for TRT and validates its performance against a Monte Carlo (MC) simulation method, egs_mird, developed in our laboratory.

The research completed includes: 1) validating egs_mird by generating dose point kernels (DPKs) for 90Y, 131I and 177Lu and comparing them with MCNP4C, PENELOPE and GEANT4 DPK in literature, and 2) comparing TRT dosimetry of prostate cancer patients obtained using the convolution method and egs_mird.

egs_mird DPKs for 90Y and 131I agreed with those from other MC codes. …


Perspectives Of Middle Eastern Immigrant Parents Regarding Accessing Healthcare Services For Children During The Covid-19 Pandemic In London, Ontario, Sarvenaz Mehrabi Oct 2022

Perspectives Of Middle Eastern Immigrant Parents Regarding Accessing Healthcare Services For Children During The Covid-19 Pandemic In London, Ontario, Sarvenaz Mehrabi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Background: During the COVID-19 pandemic, immigrants have been disproportionally affected and faced difficulties in accessing healthcare services. While it has been reported that the rate of pediatric healthcare utilization decreased during the COVID-19 pandemic, the reasons behind this decline are unclear. It has been suggested that immigrant children might be affected by the COVID-19 pandemic restrictions regarding accessing healthcare services. This study aims to understand the Middle Eastern immigrant parents’ perspectives regarding their access to healthcare services for their children in the London, Ontario, area during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: This qualitative study was conducted with an interpretive description methodology …


Multimorbidity And Cognition Among Canadian Older Adults: A Three-Decade Perspective, Juan Camilo Vargas Gonzalez Oct 2022

Multimorbidity And Cognition Among Canadian Older Adults: A Three-Decade Perspective, Juan Camilo Vargas Gonzalez

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Background: Scarce information exists about whether the relationship between multimorbidity and cognitive decline has changed over the past decades.

Objectives: 1) To summarize knowledge about the association of multimorbidity and cognitive decline by performing a systematic review. 2) To estimate the association between multimorbidity in two cohorts selected three decades apart. 3)To identify which multimorbidity combinations have the strongest associations with cognitive decline 4) To identify protective factors that reduce the risk of cognitive decline in the presence of multimorbidity.

Methods: We performed a systematic review following the PRISMA statement. We then addressed objectives 2-4 by analyzing data from two …


Radiation Exposure Determination In A Secure, Cloud-Based Online Environment, Ben C. Shirley, Eliseos J. Mucaki, Peter Rogan Oct 2022

Radiation Exposure Determination In A Secure, Cloud-Based Online Environment, Ben C. Shirley, Eliseos J. Mucaki, Peter Rogan

Biochemistry Publications

Rapid sample processing and interpretation of estimated exposures will be critical for triaging exposed individuals after a major radiation incident. The dicentric chromosome (DC) assay assesses absorbed radiation using metaphase cells from blood. The Automated Dicentric Chromosome Identifier and Dose Estimator System (ADCI) identifies DCs and determines radiation doses. This study aimed to broaden accessibility and speed of this system, while protecting data and software integrity. ADCI Online is a secure web-streaming platform accessible worldwide from local servers. Cloud-based systems containing data and software are separated until they are linked for radiation exposure estimation. Dose estimates are identical to ADCI …


Technical Adaptations For Cardiac Sodium Mri, Taylor L. Marcus Oct 2022

Technical Adaptations For Cardiac Sodium Mri, Taylor L. Marcus

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Cardiac sodium (Na+) MRI has the potential to unveil relationships between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Unfortunately, this modality requires many technical adaptations before it’s possible to extract and compare image data between individuals. This study investigated whether cardiac electrocardiogram (ECG) gating could improve image quality, and whether a uniform phantom could increase signal uniformity if a surface coil is used to acquire the image. Healthy participants were imaged with a custom-built surface coil and 3.0-T MR system. Cardiac gated images presented with a decreased signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), but intensity correction significantly increased image signal …