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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Share Cannabidiol Exposure During Gestation Leads To Adverse Cardiac Outcomes Early In Postnatal Life In Male Rat Offspring., Daniel B. Hardy, Steven R. Laviolette, Kendrick Lee, David Rc Natale Feb 2024

Share Cannabidiol Exposure During Gestation Leads To Adverse Cardiac Outcomes Early In Postnatal Life In Male Rat Offspring., Daniel B. Hardy, Steven R. Laviolette, Kendrick Lee, David Rc Natale

Physiology and Pharmacology Publications

Introduction: Studies indicate that *7% of pregnant individuals in North America consume cannabis in pregnancy. Pre-clinical studies have established that maternal exposure to D9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC; major psychoactive component in cannabis) leads to fetal growth restriction and impaired cardiac function in offspring. However, the effects of maternal exposure to cannabidiol (CBD; major non-euphoric constituent) on cardiac outcomes in offspring remain unknown. Therefore, our objective is to investigate the functional and underlying molecular impacts in the hearts of offspring exposed to CBD in pregnancy. Methods: Pregnant Wistar rats were exposed to either 3 or 30mg/kg CBD or vehicle control i.p. daily from …


Cannabidiol Exposure During Rat Pregnancy Leads To Labyrinth-Specific Vascular Defects In The Placenta And Reduced Fetal Growth, Daniel B. Hardy, David R C Natale, Kendrick Lee Feb 2024

Cannabidiol Exposure During Rat Pregnancy Leads To Labyrinth-Specific Vascular Defects In The Placenta And Reduced Fetal Growth, Daniel B. Hardy, David R C Natale, Kendrick Lee

Physiology and Pharmacology Publications

Introduction: Cannabis use is increasing among pregnant people, and cannabidiol (CBD), a constituent of cannabis, is often perceived as ‘‘natural’’ and ‘‘safe’’ as it is non-intoxicating. In utero, cannabis exposure is associated with negative health outcomes, including fetal growth restriction (FGR). The placenta supplies oxygen and nutrients to the fetus, and alterations in placental development can lead to FGR. While there has been some investigation into the effects of D9-THC, there has been limited investigation into the impacts of in utero gestational CBD exposure on the placenta. Methods: This study used histological and transcriptomic analysis of embryonic day (E)19.5 rat …


The Impact Of Simulated Image Acquisition Time Reduction On Image Quality And Parameters Of Myocardial Perfusion Imaging Using A Dedicated Cardiac Camera, Alireza Khatami Jan 2024

The Impact Of Simulated Image Acquisition Time Reduction On Image Quality And Parameters Of Myocardial Perfusion Imaging Using A Dedicated Cardiac Camera, Alireza Khatami

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Heart disease is the second leading cause of death in Canada, highlighting the crucial role of early diagnosis in disease management. Myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI), is widely employed for this purpose, involves injecting a radiopharmaceutical into the body, imaging its distribution with a gamma camera, and revealing cardiac blood flow patterns. A significant challenge in MPI is the lengthy 8 to 10 minutes required for stress and rest imaging, potentially causing patient discomfort and compromising image quality due to movement. In a clinical study with 26 patients, post-processed data manipulation simulated a reduction in MPI imaging time. The findings indicated …


Development Of Ph-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging In The Spinal Cord: Application In Degenerative Cervical Myelopathy, Alicia E. Cronin Jan 2024

Development Of Ph-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging In The Spinal Cord: Application In Degenerative Cervical Myelopathy, Alicia E. Cronin

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM) is a degenerative disease of the spinal cord that can lead to neurological dysfunction. It has been hypothesized that ischemia and hypoxia in the spinal cord at the site of compression could impact functional recovery after decompression surgery. Unfortunately, direct in-vivo quantification of hypoxia and ischemia in the spine has been limited in humans. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be utilized to measure hypoxia indirectly in soft tissue. Specifically, chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) is an MRI contrast that can be derived from the transfer of magnetization from selectively excited endogenous protons to bulk water protons. …


Development And Validation Of The Pain Resilience And Optimism Scale (Pros), Wonjin Seo Jan 2024

Development And Validation Of The Pain Resilience And Optimism Scale (Pros), Wonjin Seo

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Numerous self-report questionnaires have been used in pain research to explore patients' experiences. However, these questionnaires often employ negatively worded items that can potentially worsen patients' distress. In response to the emergence of positive psychology, this thesis aimed to develop a new questionnaire that adopts a positive and strengths-focused approach, incorporating resilience, to replace the negative items found in existing tools such as the Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS). First, the effectiveness of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) in measuring resilience following trauma was assessed through a systematic review using the COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health status Measurement INstruments …


Working Towards Recommended Terminology In The Canadian Preschool Speech-Language Pathology Context, Alison Csercsics, Lisa Md Archibald, Barbara Jane Cunningham Jan 2024

Working Towards Recommended Terminology In The Canadian Preschool Speech-Language Pathology Context, Alison Csercsics, Lisa Md Archibald, Barbara Jane Cunningham

PRECISe Preschool Speech and Language Publications

Purpose: This quality improvement project aimed to address the inconsistent use of clinical labels across a preschool speech and language program in Ontario, Canada. The study investigated whether a multi-component knowledge translation intervention could increase speech-language pathologists’ (SLPs’) knowledge about the recommended clinical labels, motivate their intentions to use the labels, and facilitate practice change during a three-month pilot period.

Method: The Diffusion of Innovations Theory was utilized to identify and address known and suspected barriers and facilitators that could influence the adoption of consistent terminology. The intervention was evaluated using a pre-experimental study design (with pre-post-follow-up testing) and included …


Sasah Experiential Learning: Global Health Equity, Anjali Singh Dec 2023

Sasah Experiential Learning: Global Health Equity, Anjali Singh

SASAH 4th Year Capstone and Other Projects: Publications

My journey with the Global Health Equity (GHE) internship program through the SASAH experiential learning program has been a transformative experience. This report encapsulates an exploration of the four years I have spent at the placement, outlining the evolution of skills, collaborations, and impactful projects that have strengthened my academic development and career aspirations. The report starts with a reflective introduction on my initial anxiety about entering the GHE internship, ultimately highlighting the meeting of interests between diplomacy, global affairs, and journalism with the internship’s focus on global health equity. I highlight pivotal encounters with mentors, colleagues, staff, and experts, …


Experiential Learning Final Report: Ase Leadership And Usri, Lauren Cowell Dec 2023

Experiential Learning Final Report: Ase Leadership And Usri, Lauren Cowell

SASAH 4th Year Capstone and Other Projects: Publications

This reflective journey encapsulates the profound impact of my SASAH experiential learning, encompassing roles as an ASE Transition Leader and a USRI intern during my undergraduate years. From fostering academic growth to developing practical skills applicable in professional settings, this program provided unique opportunities for multidimensional learning. Collaboration emerged as a cornerstone, teaching adaptability, resilience, and the nuances of teamwork. Engaging with professionals contributed to workplace insights and personal growth. The roles undertaken enriched my skill set, from refining public speaking to engaging in collaborative research. The CliftonStrengths framework played a pivotal role, guiding me through challenges and leveraging collective …


Sleep, Sleepiness, And Driving Performance In Healthcare Shiftworkers, Melissa Knott Dec 2023

Sleep, Sleepiness, And Driving Performance In Healthcare Shiftworkers, Melissa Knott

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Almost half of Canadian healthcare workers are employed in rotating day/night shifts to provide essential 24-hour services. However, poor sleep quantity and quality are pervasive in shiftwork and may negatively impact cognitive functions required for driving. Furthermore, healthcare shiftworkers (HCSW) are under-represented in research examining shiftworkers’ sleep and driving performance. Thus, this dissertation examined sleep, sleepiness and driving performance in HCSW via three aims. First, chapter 2 aimed to quantify and describe HCSWs’ sleep-related driving experiences and advance the understanding of occupational adaptations used by HCSWs to meet driving demands. Second, chapter 3 aimed to quantify differences in sleep, sleepiness, …


Oral Health Inequalities In Adolescents And Young Adults In Ontario, Maria Rahman Dec 2023

Oral Health Inequalities In Adolescents And Young Adults In Ontario, Maria Rahman

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Oral health is consistently linked to physiological, psychological, and social aspects of well-being in adolescents and young adults. In this thesis, I aimed to examine the social determinants of oral health and dental care utilization. First, I conducted a scoping review of the literature, demonstrated the multifaceted nature of oral health and its connections to broader social and economic factors. Then, I conducted a cross-sectional analysis of the Canadian Community Health Survey which showed a social gradient in oral health and dental care utilization among adolescents and young adults in Ontario. When stratified by age, there was a protective association …


A Picture Of Spirituality In Youth Living With Bipolar Disorder, Michelle S. Solomon Dec 2023

A Picture Of Spirituality In Youth Living With Bipolar Disorder, Michelle S. Solomon

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

There is a paucity of literature concerning how youth living with bipolar disorder understand and experience spirituality. The management of bipolar disorder through psychosocial interventions such as spirituality is critical due to the chronic and complex nature of the illness and the fact that pharmacotherapy has not been found to fully restore mood and quality of life (Michalak et al., 2016; Miller et al., 2014; Sanchez-Moreno et al., 2009; Stroppa & Moreira-Almeida, 2013). Spirituality has been defined as being concerned with the ultimate questions in life; the meaning in life that a person gains in relation to something bigger than …


Regulation Of Health Ai Chatbots In Ontario, Mingi Chu Dec 2023

Regulation Of Health Ai Chatbots In Ontario, Mingi Chu

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Artificial Intelligence (AI) has made remarkable strides in healthcare, from revolutionizing medical imaging, patient support, research insight, and health education. However, a recent shift from query-based to interactive and regenerative AI presents a question of properly facilitating its development. Upon close inspection, regulations and policy adaptations lag behind the rapidly advancing field of medical AI which raises concerns over governance and societal implications. This paper explains some of the technical and ethical considerations surrounding the use of health AI applications with chatbots as a specific example. It evaluates the existing policies and regulations in Ontario, Canada, that govern the production …


Polisci 3210f: Feasibility Of A National Disability Insurance Plan (Ndip) In Canada, Twana Hassan, Aditi Priya, Dylan Poole, Samantha Rubin, Ethan Chen Dec 2023

Polisci 3210f: Feasibility Of A National Disability Insurance Plan (Ndip) In Canada, Twana Hassan, Aditi Priya, Dylan Poole, Samantha Rubin, Ethan Chen

Community Engaged Learning Final Projects

This research report presents an overview of the feasibility and reliability of a National Disability Insurance Plan (NDIP) in Canada. Several Global North countries are leading the way in disability legislation and disability funding in comparison to Canada's inaction on the matter. A National Disability Insurance Plan in Canada will have social and economic benefits for everyone in Canada. The report concluded that Canada is capable of implementing a NDIP and doing so is the right choice.


The Population-Centered Medical Model: A Theory Of Practice For Public Health And Preventive Medicine, Sudit Ranade Dec 2023

The Population-Centered Medical Model: A Theory Of Practice For Public Health And Preventive Medicine, Sudit Ranade

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Introduction

Public health physicians occupy a unique place in the fields of both medicine and public health. Trained in each field, and often holding positions of authority in public health systems, public health physicians are sometimes challenged to identify their roles in either field of practice. Public health physicians work to achieve population health, but there has been limited theoretical development in this field of practice.

Objectives

The objective of this research was to develop an empirical theory of practice for public health physicians.

Methods

A literature review of current practice models applicable to public health physicians was performed. A …


Models Of Shared Care For The Management Of Psychotic Disorder After First Diagnosis In Ontario., Joshua C. Wiener, Rebecca Rodrigues, Jennifer N S Reid, Kelly K. Anderson Dec 2023

Models Of Shared Care For The Management Of Psychotic Disorder After First Diagnosis In Ontario., Joshua C. Wiener, Rebecca Rodrigues, Jennifer N S Reid, Kelly K. Anderson

Epidemiology and Biostatistics Publications

OBJECTIVE: To describe the provision of care for young people following first diagnosis of psychotic disorder.

DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using health administrative data.

SETTING: Ontario.

PARTICIPANTS: People aged 14 to 35 years with a first diagnosis of nonaffective psychotic disorder in Ontario between 2005 and 2015 (N=39,449).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Models of care, defined by psychosis-related service contacts with primary care physicians and psychiatrists during the 2 years after first diagnosis of psychotic disorder.

RESULTS: During the 2-year follow-up period, 29% of the cohort received only primary care, 30% received only psychiatric care, and 32% received both primary and …


Access To A Regular Primary Care Physician Among Young People With Early Psychosis In Ontario, Canada, Rebecca Rodrigues, Jennifer N S Reid, Joshua C. Wiener, Suzanne Archie, Richard G Booth, Chiachen Cheng, Arlene G Macdougall, Lena Palaniyappan, Bridget L Ryan, Aristotle Voineskos, Paul Kurdyak, Saadia Hameed Jan, Kelly K. Anderson Nov 2023

Access To A Regular Primary Care Physician Among Young People With Early Psychosis In Ontario, Canada, Rebecca Rodrigues, Jennifer N S Reid, Joshua C. Wiener, Suzanne Archie, Richard G Booth, Chiachen Cheng, Arlene G Macdougall, Lena Palaniyappan, Bridget L Ryan, Aristotle Voineskos, Paul Kurdyak, Saadia Hameed Jan, Kelly K. Anderson

Epidemiology and Biostatistics Publications

AIM: Access to a primary care physician in early psychosis facilitates help-seeking and engagement with psychiatric treatment. We examined access to a regular primary care physician in people with early psychosis, compared to the general population, and explored factors associated with access.

METHODS: Using linked health administrative data from Ontario (Canada), we identified people aged 14-35 years with a first diagnosis of nonaffective psychotic disorder (n = 39 449; 2005-2015). We matched cases to four randomly selected general population controls based on age, sex, neighbourhood, and index date (n = 157 796). We used modified Poisson regression to estimate prevalence …


Sex And Gender Differences In Arthritis Health Information, Tania Al-Jilawi Nov 2023

Sex And Gender Differences In Arthritis Health Information, Tania Al-Jilawi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Arthritis is a common disorder that may result in pain and inflammation, making it challenging to move or continue being active. Arthritis comes in a variety of forms. The two studies of this thesis aimed to identify the influence of intersectionality, especially sex and gender, in arthritis. The first study, a structured review, evaluated the inclusion of sex/gender and intersectional identities in patient resources of three arthritis societies: the Canadian Arthritis Society, the American Arthritis Foundation, and the National Rheumatoid Arthritis Society. The appraisal tool, the Sex/Gender and Intersectional Considerations in Patient/Consumer Health Information Appraisal Tool was used to evaluate …


Lbnp Reduces Cerebral Perfusion But Does Not Impact Executive Function, James Van Riesen Nov 2023

Lbnp Reduces Cerebral Perfusion But Does Not Impact Executive Function, James Van Riesen

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

A growing body of literature has demonstrated that a single bout of aerobic exercise and/or hypercapnic manipulations increase cerebral blood flow (CBF) and are linked to a transient (i.e.,min) post-intervention executive function (EF) benefit. However, there are no direct studies examining whether a transient decrease in CBF elicits a post-intervention EF decrement. Accordingly, my thesis employed 10-min single bout manipulations of -30 mmHg and -50 mmHg lower-body negative pressure (LBNP) to determine whether a transient reduction in CBF impacts EF. LBNP was applied as it renders sub-atmospheric pressure to the lower limbs and redistributes blood from the upper to lower …


Jumping Ship And Going To The Other Side: Experiences Of Nurses Who Retrain As Doctors, Anne Robinson Nov 2023

Jumping Ship And Going To The Other Side: Experiences Of Nurses Who Retrain As Doctors, Anne Robinson

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Aim: To gain an understanding of the experience of medical training for nurses who retrain as doctors.

Methods: Using a Constructivist Grounded Theory design, semi-structured interviews were conducted with thirteen medical students and residents who had completed nursing training prior to entering medical school. Interviews were audiotaped and professionally transcribed. Transcripts were coded and analysis in an inductive manner to construct central themes.

Findings: Many left nursing due to negative effects of a hierarchal system. As preclinical medical students they felt both advantaged and burdened by their advanced clinical knowledge. During clinical placements, they experienced social distress and role confusion …


The Significance Of Injuries And Anatomical Patterns Of Trauma In Pedestrian And Cyclist Fatalities And Their Association With Motor Vehicle Collision Dynamics And Post-Collision Kinematics, Moheem M. Halari Nov 2023

The Significance Of Injuries And Anatomical Patterns Of Trauma In Pedestrian And Cyclist Fatalities And Their Association With Motor Vehicle Collision Dynamics And Post-Collision Kinematics, Moheem M. Halari

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Deaths from motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) are a major global health concern, with over 1.35 million fatalities reported annually by the United Nations. More than half involve pedestrians, cyclists, and motorcyclists. Post-mortem examinations by pathologists determine the cause of death and mechanisms of injury and play a significant role in the investigation of the deaths of vulnerable road users.

The purpose of this study was to understand the injury patterns sustained by pedestrians and cyclists fatally injured in motor vehicle impacts.

This study reviews the development of injury patterns described in the medical literature and identifies their limitations in the …


Transformational Leadership Approach For Encouraging Historically Marginalized Communities To Access Admission To Naturopathic Medicine, Baljit Khamba Nov 2023

Transformational Leadership Approach For Encouraging Historically Marginalized Communities To Access Admission To Naturopathic Medicine, Baljit Khamba

The Dissertation-in-Practice at Western University

Many healthcare training institutions lack cultural diversity, including naturopathic medicine. One potential reason is a lack of historically marginalized individuals applying to these medical schools. Attracting communities of colour to healthcare professions, like naturopathic medicine is important for improving healthcare access and delivery across all individuals within North America. This OIP explores the lack of diversity in applicants to the naturopathic medical program at a large multi-centre institution. The role that education and mentorship of faculty members can play to improve implicit biases and eventually encourage historically marginalized individuals to apply to the program is explored. Moreover, the OIP presents …


Data-Driven Decision Support Tool Co-Development With A Primary Health Care Practice Based Learning Network, Jacqueline K. Kueper, Jennifer Rayner, Sara Bhatti, Kelly Angevaare, Sandra Fitzpatrick, Paulino Lucamba, Eric Sutherland, Daniel J. Lizotte Nov 2023

Data-Driven Decision Support Tool Co-Development With A Primary Health Care Practice Based Learning Network, Jacqueline K. Kueper, Jennifer Rayner, Sara Bhatti, Kelly Angevaare, Sandra Fitzpatrick, Paulino Lucamba, Eric Sutherland, Daniel J. Lizotte

Epidemiology and Biostatistics Publications

Background: The Alliance for Healthier Communities is a learning health system that supports Community Health Centres (CHCs) across Ontario, Canada to provide team-based primary health care to people who otherwise experience barriers to care. This case study describes the ongoing process and lessons learned from the first Alliance for Healthier Communities’ Practice Based Learning Network (PBLN) data-driven decision support tool co-development project.

Methods: We employ an iterative approach to problem identification and methods development for the decision support tool, moving between discussion sessions and case studies with CHC electronic health record (EHR) data. We summarize our work to date in …


The Predictors Of Multimorbidity (Defined As Diabetes + Hypertension) Amongst Males Aged 15-54 In India: An Analysis Of The Nfhs-5, Vikramjit Brar Nov 2023

The Predictors Of Multimorbidity (Defined As Diabetes + Hypertension) Amongst Males Aged 15-54 In India: An Analysis Of The Nfhs-5, Vikramjit Brar

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Research Question: “What are the predictors of multimorbidity (defined as having diabetes + hypertension) amongst males aged 15-54 in India?”

Methods: Using mixed-effect multi-level binary logistic regression models, data from the 2019-2021 India NFHS-5 were analyzed. Separate multivariable analyses were conducted for males from urban and rural areas so the association between common predictors of interest (sociodemographic & lifestyle), and multimorbidity could be determined.

Results: Various predictors (listed below) were found to have a statistically significant association to multimorbidity with some variation across urban and rural areas:

Urban areas: Age, region of residence, wealth, religion, occupation, and …


Interaction Of Circularrna And Microrna-9-5p In The Mediation Of Cardiac Fibrosis In Diabetic Cardiomyopathy, Honglin Wang Nov 2023

Interaction Of Circularrna And Microrna-9-5p In The Mediation Of Cardiac Fibrosis In Diabetic Cardiomyopathy, Honglin Wang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a chronic diabetic complication affecting the heart. It is a significant and independent contributor to heart failure and characterized by cardiac fibrosis and left ventricular hypertrophy. Endothelial cells are the first cells to be damaged by hyperglycemia, leading to epigenetic modifications and subsequent signaling and transcription derangements that lead to endothelial dysfunction and therefore cardiac fibrosis. The role of the two noncoding RNA microRNA-9-5p and circRNA_012164 are investigated using in vivo and in vitro models of hyperglycemia. CircRNA_012164 is upregulated in the hearts of diabetic mice and in cells exposed to high glucose. This results in …


Multi-Arm Randomized Control Trials In Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Literature Review And An Illustration Of Methods For Analysis, Sahiba Saini Nov 2023

Multi-Arm Randomized Control Trials In Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Literature Review And An Illustration Of Methods For Analysis, Sahiba Saini

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis aimed to review the literature on multiple-arm randomized control trials in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and to illustrate how to analyze these trials, focusing on appropriately controlling the type 1 error rates. The literature review found 247 trials published from the inception of each database to April 2014, of which 122 (49%) trials were multiple-arm trials and of those, 59 (48%) trials were on ulcerative colitis and 63 (52%) on Crohn’s disease. A published assessment tool was adopted to assess whether controlling of Type I error rates was needed. Despite the common use of this trial design and …


The Role Of Patient And Rehabilitation Factors In The Recovery Of Home And Family Work Roles Following Distal Radius Fracture, Sheena Saju Philip Ms. Nov 2023

The Role Of Patient And Rehabilitation Factors In The Recovery Of Home And Family Work Roles Following Distal Radius Fracture, Sheena Saju Philip Ms.

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Background: Distal radius fracture (DRF) is a common upper extremity fracture that causes significant impairment and leads to difficulties in fulfilling important life roles such as indoor and outdoor cleaning, meal preparation, grocery shopping, caring for others, and earning and managing family income. However, clinicians do not routinely address home and family life roles after a DRF. Patient and rehabilitation factors are crucial in addressing home and family work roles (HFWRs). The HFWR questionnaire consists of tasks that are typically performed at home.

Objective: The overarching objective of this thesis is to explore the role of patient and rehabilitation …


Exploring Level Ii Nicu Case Study Research Challenges: Embracing The Proposal Journey, Engaging In Retrospective Pragmatic Reflection On Challenges, And Enhancing Research Within Graduate Education And The Profession Of Massage Therapy, Amanda R. Winter Nov 2023

Exploring Level Ii Nicu Case Study Research Challenges: Embracing The Proposal Journey, Engaging In Retrospective Pragmatic Reflection On Challenges, And Enhancing Research Within Graduate Education And The Profession Of Massage Therapy, Amanda R. Winter

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Background

Infants born preterm and low birth weight face health risks; studies demonstrate massage therapy (MT) promotes weight gain and earlier hospital discharge. A gap remains in understanding the role of massage in preterm care within Canada.

Research Methods and Theoretical Orientation – Part A

Case study methodology is proposed to examine the nature of MT as a healthcare intervention within an Ontario Level II Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Constrained by a Master’s program’s two-year time limit and contextual challenges, the project could not secure support.

Research Methods and Theoretical Orientation – Part B

Introducing a retrospective pragmatic reflective approach, …


The Lived Experience Of Persons With Parkinson's Disease In Non-Contact Boxing Programs, Laura Mulder Nov 2023

The Lived Experience Of Persons With Parkinson's Disease In Non-Contact Boxing Programs, Laura Mulder

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

We conducted a scoping review to identify articles examining non-contact boxing programs for persons with Parkinson’s disease (PwP). Results suggested that gait, mobility, balance, and quality-of-life were the most-studied outcomes. Many qualitative articles explored the experience within in-person boxing programs, but no articles explored experiences within virtual boxing programs. We followed this review with an interpretative phenomenological analysis aimed at addressing this research gap and interviewed six PwP who had engaged with both virtual and in-person Rock Steady Boxing programming. Results suggested that although the virtual setting improved elements of the individual experience, the physical and social aspects were better …


"We Are The Living Dead": The Gendered Impacts Of Open-Pit Mining In The Dominican Republic, Klaire Gain Oct 2023

"We Are The Living Dead": The Gendered Impacts Of Open-Pit Mining In The Dominican Republic, Klaire Gain

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Despite a rhetorical commitment to enhancing community well-being, Canadian mining corporations have a history marked by ecological degradation and human rights violations, with women experience disproportionately negative impacts. While Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) is a desired topography for open-pit mining, the geographical area of the Dominican Republic has been largely absent from the literature. As such, this dissertation, rooted in decolonial ecofeminism, enacted a critical narrative inquiry with 7 women from the Dominican Republic to explore the gendered impacts of open-pit mining on their health and well-being.

This thesis is composed of six chapters, with chapter one introducing …


Intimate Partner Violence, Mental Health Services And The Covid-19 Pandemic In Ontario: What Are The Differences, If Any, In Mental Health Service Accessibility And Service Satisfaction During Covid-19 Between Women In Abusive Relationships And Women In Non-Abusive Relationships?, Nokuzola Ncube Oct 2023

Intimate Partner Violence, Mental Health Services And The Covid-19 Pandemic In Ontario: What Are The Differences, If Any, In Mental Health Service Accessibility And Service Satisfaction During Covid-19 Between Women In Abusive Relationships And Women In Non-Abusive Relationships?, Nokuzola Ncube

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Introduction: Intimate partner violence (IPV) increased during the COVID-19 pandemic in Canada as a result of increased economic pressures and social isolation brought on by stay-at home orders. During the COVID-19 pandemic, women experiencing IPV experienced declines in mental health conditions and unique difficulties in accessing mental health services amid closures, shifts in service delivery, and inconsistent availabilities.

Methods: An online survey was administered to 44 women living in Ontario (23 who had not experienced IPV and 16 who had not) to explore their satisfaction and access to mental health services during the COVID-19 pandemic. Descriptive statistics were used to …