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Articles 1 - 30 of 2943

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Nurses Addressing The Knowledge Gap In Advance Care Planning, Stephanie Winkel, Elaine B. Harwood Dec 2022

Nurses Addressing The Knowledge Gap In Advance Care Planning, Stephanie Winkel, Elaine B. Harwood

International Journal of Faith Community Nursing

Background: Advance care planning allows people autonomy about values and preferences related to care at the EOL. Engaging in advance care planning enables one to consider decisions about medical treatment at the EOL and informing significant others, including health care providers, about preferences (National Institute on Aging [NIA], 2018).

Methods: In this QI project, the intervention will be a one-time ZOOM® meeting between nurse leaders and participating church members. The nurse leader will present the 5 Wishes curriculum and lead a question-and-answer portion at the end of the ZOOM® meeting. Participants will be asked to complete a short …


Program Evaluation Of Faith Community Nursing Cardiovascular Education Intervention, Jennifer Cummings Dec 2022

Program Evaluation Of Faith Community Nursing Cardiovascular Education Intervention, Jennifer Cummings

International Journal of Faith Community Nursing

Abstract

Background: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. Many cardiovascular risk factors are modifiable. Community engagement by Faith Community Nurses in church settings can help patients reduce risk.

Problem/Purpose: Faith Community Nurses at a Philadelphia church identified a need for cardiovascular lifestyle risk modification education and planned this as the inaugural topic of its new health outreach program. The project purpose was to evaluate effectiveness of the program in increasing knowledge of cardiovascular risk modification, increasing level of readiness to make self-identified lifestyle changes, and to evaluate the program format as a potential model …


Advance Care Planning In Faith Communities: A Quality Improvement Project, Lorie Hacker, Jan Gaddis, Jessica Grimm, Catherine Chung Dec 2022

Advance Care Planning In Faith Communities: A Quality Improvement Project, Lorie Hacker, Jan Gaddis, Jessica Grimm, Catherine Chung

International Journal of Faith Community Nursing

This quality improvement project examined the impact of providing an advance care planning training tool to faith community nurses in the community setting on advance care planning knowledge, self-efficacy, and implementation of advance care planning outreach and advance directive completion. The pre- and post-intervention frequencies measure and paired-t test survey design resulted in clinically significant improvements in knowledge, and self-efficacy of advance care planning among faith community nurses. A fifty-fold increase was seen in advance care planning outreach activities among the group from pre- to post-intervention. The limitations of the project included small sample size and short implementation timing. However, …


Technology For Faith Community Nursing Practice, Katrina Goodrich Dec 2022

Technology For Faith Community Nursing Practice, Katrina Goodrich

International Journal of Faith Community Nursing

Technology is an ever-expanding tool that can be utilized by Faith Community Nurses to enhance their practice. Technology offers options for organizing and promoting services, collaborating with others on an international level, education of both the Faith Community Nurse and their clientele, and multiple instruments for tracking and managing wellness plans.


Monkeypox: Facts For Faith Community Nurses, Melissa K. Travelsted Dec 2022

Monkeypox: Facts For Faith Community Nurses, Melissa K. Travelsted

International Journal of Faith Community Nursing

Faith community nurses provide services to diverse populations and should be aware of the recent monkeypox outbreak. The 2022 outbreak is dissimilar from previous as cases are occurring in non-endemic countries with no travel connections to endemic countries. Cases in the United States are mostly identified in the gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men. Symptoms of monkeypox begin with flu-like symptoms progressing to a sequential rash (macule, papule, vesicles, pustules, scabs). The distinguishing characteristic of monkeypox from other Orthopoxviruses is lymphadenopathy. There is no FDA approved treatment for monkeypox as most cases are mild and self-limiting, …


Impact Of Nusinersen Treatment On Measures Of Exercise Intolerance In Spinal Muscular Atrophy, David Uher, Ashley M. Goodwin, Darryl C. De Vivo, Jacqueline Montes, Carol Ewing Garber Facsm Nov 2022

Impact Of Nusinersen Treatment On Measures Of Exercise Intolerance In Spinal Muscular Atrophy, David Uher, Ashley M. Goodwin, Darryl C. De Vivo, Jacqueline Montes, Carol Ewing Garber Facsm

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an autosomal recessive neuromuscular disorder, marked by insufficient production of SMN protein, leading to motor neuron dysfunction. Although ubiquitously produced throughout the body, motor neurons and muscle cells are selectively impacted by decreased SMN, which has been linked to impaired oxidative phosphorylation causing altered metabolic function and exercise intolerance. Nusinersen, administered directly to the central nervous (CNS), is an approved therapy that increases SMN protein in an effort to restore motor neuron function. PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of treatment on markers of exercise tolerance in children and adults treated with nusinersen is not known. …


Age-Related Changes In Skeletal Muscle Oxygen Utilization: A Review, Maxwell T. Aiken, Sabrina S. Salvatore, Kyle N. Zelenski, Ryan K. Perkins Nov 2022

Age-Related Changes In Skeletal Muscle Oxygen Utilization: A Review, Maxwell T. Aiken, Sabrina S. Salvatore, Kyle N. Zelenski, Ryan K. Perkins

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

The cardiovascular and skeletal muscle systems are intrinsically interconnected, sharing the goal of delivering oxygen to metabolically active tissue. Deficiencies within those systems that affect oxygen delivery to working tissues are a hallmark of advancing age. Oxygen delivery and utilization are reflected as muscle oxygen saturation (SmO2) and may be assessed using near-infrared resonance spectroscopy (NIRS). PURPOSE: This review is intended to provide an update on the current state of literature regarding age-related effects on SmO2. Furthermore, we attempt to bridge the gap between SmO2 and associated underlying mechanisms affected by aging. FINDINGS: SmO …


Mitochondrial Integrity Distinguishes Exercise-Induced Vs. Pathogenic Cardiac Hypertrophy, Nicole Lee Yang Nov 2022

Mitochondrial Integrity Distinguishes Exercise-Induced Vs. Pathogenic Cardiac Hypertrophy, Nicole Lee Yang

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Cardiac hypertrophy is a consequence of exercise training, as well as certain cardiomyopathies. However, the key genetic drivers of cardiomyocellular remodeling in a healthy vs diseased heart are inadequately understood. PURPOSE: Determine the genetic architecture of exercise training-induced cardiomyocellular remodeling and hypertrophy. METHODS: The exercise hybrid mouse diversity panel (ExcHMDP) is comprised of 100 strains of Exc trained (TRN) and sedentary (SED) animals (n=4-8/strain per group). After 30d of exercise, running wheels were locked, and 24-hours post-exercise, 6h-fasted animals were euthanized and tissues harvested (~20 tissues/mouse). To interrogate pathogenic cardiac hypertrophy, isoproterenol (ISO, 30mg/kg/day for 21d) was administered to …


Preliminary Findings From A Pediatric Physical Activity Program For Children With Cancer, Paulette M. Yamada, Erin O. Bantum, Erin E. Centeio, Kelley Hutchins, Laura Bonilla, Carie Sumida, Jayna Lee, Sabrina Cao, Grace Lopez Nov 2022

Preliminary Findings From A Pediatric Physical Activity Program For Children With Cancer, Paulette M. Yamada, Erin O. Bantum, Erin E. Centeio, Kelley Hutchins, Laura Bonilla, Carie Sumida, Jayna Lee, Sabrina Cao, Grace Lopez

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

It is critical for pediatric patients diagnosed with cancer to engage in physical activity (PA) as it is associated with positive psychosocial outcomes and may improve physical function. However, physical activity opportunities for pediatric cancer patients are limited. PURPOSE: To test the feasibility and adherence of pediatric cancer patients to a virtual PA program. METHODS: Pediatric patients undergoing cancer treatment were referred to the Pediatric Physical Activity program (PePA) by the Children’s Hospital’s oncology team using rolling recruitment. The target sample size was 20-25 patients. Patients enrolled in an online 12-week PA intervention with similar-aged peers (2x/week, 60 …


Evaluating Research Survey Websites In Kinesiology: A Case Study Using An Accessibility Rating Form, Yi Sheng Wu, Jafra D. Thomas, Regina F. Hockert, Jasmine C. Wong, Samantha M. Ross Nov 2022

Evaluating Research Survey Websites In Kinesiology: A Case Study Using An Accessibility Rating Form, Yi Sheng Wu, Jafra D. Thomas, Regina F. Hockert, Jasmine C. Wong, Samantha M. Ross

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Advancing equity in the research and educational practice of kinesiology requires intentional efforts to ensure access divides do not widen nor persist (Ross et al., in press, JOPERD). PURPOSE: Given knowledge of suitability assessment of materials (SAM) principles supports the equitable design of lay print and online material, we evaluated the extent they would also support developing a research survey website consistent with accessibility guidelines for digital technology. METHODS: The study website was adapted from the Canvas learning management system. A cross-sectional formative assessment was performed. Using their knowledge of SAM principles (eg, clear layout, text ≤ 8 …


Determining Validity And Reliability Of Caloric Expenditure Recorded By Wearable Technology While Walking And Running, Bianca C. Weyers, Dustin W. Davis, Nicole R. Vargas, Jorge Perdomo Rodriguez, Elias M. Malek, Katherine V. Carlos, Bryson Carrier, James W. Navalta Nov 2022

Determining Validity And Reliability Of Caloric Expenditure Recorded By Wearable Technology While Walking And Running, Bianca C. Weyers, Dustin W. Davis, Nicole R. Vargas, Jorge Perdomo Rodriguez, Elias M. Malek, Katherine V. Carlos, Bryson Carrier, James W. Navalta

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

With growing interest in tracking exercise progress, wearable technology is increasingly popular. While heart rate and step count are typically accurate for consumer-available devices, research from our laboratory indicates that caloric expenditure is not. PURPOSE: The current investigation aimed to evaluate the validity and reliability of caloric expenditure in multiple wearable devices during a self-paced walk and run. METHODS: Ten participants were tested (5F, 5M, age = 26.9± 9.43 years, body mass = 72.64± 7.73 kg, height = 168.66± 9.37 cm). Participants were asked to wear 5 devices: 2 Garmin Instinct watches (one on each wrist), 2 Polar Vantage M2 …


The Relationship Between Chronic Low Back Pain And Functional Movement, Lindsey Taylor Wensel, Spencer Baker Nov 2022

The Relationship Between Chronic Low Back Pain And Functional Movement, Lindsey Taylor Wensel, Spencer Baker

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

ABSTRACT

Movements of the spine are different in those who have chronic low back pain (CLBP) compared to those who do not. By using inertial measurement units (IMUs), we assessed the angular acceleration of L5 and the sacrum in both healthy and CLBP individuals. PURPOSE: To determine if there is a difference in the movement patterns of L5 and the sacrum during spinal flexion in those with CLBP compared to those without. METHODS: Movement acceleration patterns were evaluated in 10 individuals between the ages of 35-65 years of age. 5 of the individuals reported having CLBP so they …


Aerobic Fitness Levels Relate To Cognitive Function In People With Parkinson’S Disease As Assessed By The 6 Minute Walk Test, John Wallace, Kaylie Zapanta, E Todd Schroeder, Beth Fisher Nov 2022

Aerobic Fitness Levels Relate To Cognitive Function In People With Parkinson’S Disease As Assessed By The 6 Minute Walk Test, John Wallace, Kaylie Zapanta, E Todd Schroeder, Beth Fisher

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

While individuals with Parkinson’s disease (PD) present with impaired motor control, 26% demonstrate cognitive impairment independent of dementia1. In fact, cognitive dysfunction often predates motor impairments and can diminish quality of life2 as well as life expectancy3. Fortunately, aerobic exercise has been shown to improve cognition in older adults4 as well as PD patients5-7. However, only a limited number of studies have determined a clear relationship between aerobic fitness levels and cognition in people with PD. Determining whether cognitive status and aerobic fitness levels are associated in people with PD would provide …


The Relationship Between Catecholamines And Lactate Concentration In Response To Exercise In Adolescents With Obesity, Vincent Vuong, Daniela Rubin Nov 2022

The Relationship Between Catecholamines And Lactate Concentration In Response To Exercise In Adolescents With Obesity, Vincent Vuong, Daniela Rubin

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Epinephrine is a catabolic hormone that increases metabolism through glycolysis and glycogenolysis. During exercise, accelerated glycogen and glucose breakdown is associated with increased lactate production. Previous studies show obesity (OB) decreases the epinephrine response during exercise potentially affecting glucose metabolism and lactate production. PURPOSE: To compare the epinephrine and lactate responses in adolescents with OB and adolescents with normal weight (NW) and to determine if changes in epinephrine and lactate concentrations are associated. METHODS: 12 adolescents with OB (9.2 ± 1.2 y, 39.9 ± 6.8% body fat) and 12 adolescents with NW (17.5 ± 4.6% body fat) completed …


Joint Angle Calculations Using Motion Capture And Deep Learning Pose Estimation While Running, Luke Vankeersbilck, Isaac Hedengren, Mcgyver Clark, Iain Hunter Nov 2022

Joint Angle Calculations Using Motion Capture And Deep Learning Pose Estimation While Running, Luke Vankeersbilck, Isaac Hedengren, Mcgyver Clark, Iain Hunter

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Marker based motion capture is currently the most accurate method of measuring human kinematics; however, it is expensive and is often limited to lab environments making it unsuitable for many applications. Two-dimensional methods are available through open source code, but it is unclear which of these methods provides the greatest accuracy. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to quantify the accuracy of pose estimation from a monocular electro-optical sensor with deep learning to infer segment end points and pose estimation utilizing two open-source code approaches. METHODS: One subject ran at 6.5 m/s for 15 s while being …


The Role Of Body Fat Percentage And Vo2max In Predicting Arterial Stiffness In Female College Students, Sara Thomasson, Grant Calhoun, Natalie Pham, Kennedy Kerbs, Sofia Harman, Payton Price, Annika Grams, Ruth Larson, Isaiah Mews, Zachary Zeigler, Anthony Acevedo Nov 2022

The Role Of Body Fat Percentage And Vo2max In Predicting Arterial Stiffness In Female College Students, Sara Thomasson, Grant Calhoun, Natalie Pham, Kennedy Kerbs, Sofia Harman, Payton Price, Annika Grams, Ruth Larson, Isaiah Mews, Zachary Zeigler, Anthony Acevedo

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Within the college population, high blood pressure (BP), as well as obesity and sedentary lifestyles, are seen. Bodyfat influences these outcomes. Much of the literature ignores the possible effects that fitness may have on these outcomes, specifically in females. Purpose: The intent of this study was to determine if VOMAX can predict arterial stiffness after adjusting for body fat% in college females. Methods: Healthy young females were recruited from Grand Canyon University. Subjects came to the lab for a single visit for the following assessments: height, weight, waist circumference, hip circumference, aortic BP, augmentation pressure (AP), augmentation index adjusted …


Different Resistance Training Protocols During The Crunch Exercise Affect Muscle Thickness, Echo-Intensity, Load Lifted, And Perception Of Effort In Recreationally-Trained Participants., Keanna J. Sullivan, Paulo H. Marchetti Nov 2022

Different Resistance Training Protocols During The Crunch Exercise Affect Muscle Thickness, Echo-Intensity, Load Lifted, And Perception Of Effort In Recreationally-Trained Participants., Keanna J. Sullivan, Paulo H. Marchetti

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

The correct choice of the acute variables is another important component of a resistance training (RT) session. The combination of intensity and volume is fundamental to determine the dose-response in a RT session and can induce specific metabolic and mechanical stress in the muscle. PURPOSE: The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate acute dose-response of different volume x intensity RT protocols with equated total volume (40 repetitions) during the crunch exercise on muscle thickness, echo-intensity, load lifted, and rating of perceived exertion in recreationally-trained participants. METHODS: Fifteen resistance-trained participants (23±3years, 76.4±6.5kg, 173.3±6.5cm) performed the abdominal crunch exercise …


Shorter Versus Longer Bouts Of Rowing-Based Interval Exercise Attenuate The Physiological And Perceptual Response, Robert Sturdy, Austin Teske, Harrison Thomas, Pinelopi Stavrinou, Gregory C. Bogdanis, Todd Astorino Ph.D Nov 2022

Shorter Versus Longer Bouts Of Rowing-Based Interval Exercise Attenuate The Physiological And Perceptual Response, Robert Sturdy, Austin Teske, Harrison Thomas, Pinelopi Stavrinou, Gregory C. Bogdanis, Todd Astorino Ph.D

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

High intensity interval exercise (HIIE) requires repeated bouts of near-maximal to maximal efforts (intensities > 85 %HRmax) interspersed with a brief recovery. Data show superior increases in maximal oxygen uptake (VO 2max) in response to chronic HIIE compared to moderate intensity continuous exercise (MICE) in healthy adults as well as clinical populations (Milanovic et al. 2015; Weston et al., 2014). PURPOSE: This study compared physiological and perceptual variables between short and long durations of rowing-based high intensity interval exercise (HIIE). METHODS: Fourteen active adults (age = 26.4 ± 7.2 yr) performed incremental rowing exercise to fatigue to measure maximal …


Acute Effect Of Sauna On Blood Composition, Kate Strong, Olivia Leach, Jayson Gifford Nov 2022

Acute Effect Of Sauna On Blood Composition, Kate Strong, Olivia Leach, Jayson Gifford

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Sauna therapy has previously shown to benefit cardiovascular health. Nevertheless, the impact of sauna therapy on blood properties has not been described thus far. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of a bout of sauna therapy on hemoglobin, hematocrit, and plasma volume. METHODS: Six healthy young adults (ages18-36; n=5 male, n=1 female) underwent a total of 40 min of sauna exposure in two 20 min increments. A baseline blood draw was performed pre-sauna. Participants underwent sauna exposure, and blood draws were performed directly post 40 mins of sauna, as well as after a 90-minute recovery …


Aging Male Runners Show Achilles Tendon Thinning Following A 10k Run While Females Do Not - Pilot Analysis, Annie Smedley, Joshua Sponbeck, Benjamin Smedley, Aaron W. Johnson Nov 2022

Aging Male Runners Show Achilles Tendon Thinning Following A 10k Run While Females Do Not - Pilot Analysis, Annie Smedley, Joshua Sponbeck, Benjamin Smedley, Aaron W. Johnson

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

The Achilles tendon experiences large amounts of force while running, which leads to Achilles tendon adaptation. One known Achilles tendon adaptation to running is Achilles tendon thinning. The Achilles tendon thinning response has not been examined at multiple locations of the Achilles tendon and has not been studied in an aging (>50 y) population. PURPOSE: We examined the effect of a 10k run on Achilles tendon cross sectional area in three locations of the Achilles tendon in runners aged 50 years and older. METHODS: Seven runners - three male (age = 73.6 y ±8.2, height = 174.4 …


A Career In Healthcare For Students In A Graduate Level Clinical Exercise Physiology Program, Julianne Skeen, Donna Cataldo, Holly Bright, Macy Wright, Zeyu Song, Robert Scales Nov 2022

A Career In Healthcare For Students In A Graduate Level Clinical Exercise Physiology Program, Julianne Skeen, Donna Cataldo, Holly Bright, Macy Wright, Zeyu Song, Robert Scales

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Physician referrals to physical therapy are common in mainstream healthcare practice. Clinical Exercise Physiologists (CEPs) are mostly limited to employment as a practitioner in supervised cardiac rehabilitation (CR) or cardiology-based diagnostics and stress testing. PURPOSE: This investigation was conducted to identify employment trends in healthcare for a cohort of CEPs prior to or within 1-year after graduation from an accredited CEP Program (2017-2022). METHODS: A 5-year retrospective review of university and internship site historical records was conducted to determine the career path of the CEPs. This investigation included a sample of 10 students (50% female) that successfully completed a cardiology-based …


Heavy Backpack Load Carriage Affects The Median Nerve, Deanna Schmidt, Jennifer Hein, Katherine Saul Nov 2022

Heavy Backpack Load Carriage Affects The Median Nerve, Deanna Schmidt, Jennifer Hein, Katherine Saul

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

First responder and military personal often carry heavy backpacks of over 30% body weight when loaded with equipment. Use of the hands may be impaired by the compression of backpack straps on the nerves of the upper limb. PURPOSE: The aim of the study is to characterize the effects of walking with backpack load on upper limb function by examining changes in nerve conduction resulting from compression of the brachial plexus by backpack straps. We hypothesized that nerve conduction would be decreased in amplitude of the action potential and timing would be delayed after walking while carrying a 30% …


Make Reading Fun: Implications Of Virtual Reality On Standing Balance And Control, Makena Savola, Belle Ponce De Leon, Amanda Duben, Wendy T. Pham, Joshua Vicente, Jacob Hinkel-Lipsker Nov 2022

Make Reading Fun: Implications Of Virtual Reality On Standing Balance And Control, Makena Savola, Belle Ponce De Leon, Amanda Duben, Wendy T. Pham, Joshua Vicente, Jacob Hinkel-Lipsker

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

The recent rapid expansion of virtual reality (VR) technology is driving a widespread number of new applications, including providing immersive environments for users to learn and read through commercially-available applications. However, recent research has shown that VR causes symptoms of dizziness and motion sickness, which could disrupt users gait and balance. Thus, it is important to understand how to best mitigate these effects before VR use becomes more widespread across the lay public. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the acute effect of VR use on gait and balance control following use, and whether aspects of virtual …


Resisting Arrest: Analysis Of Different Prone Body Positions On Time To Stand And Engage, Krissy Sanchez, J. Jay Dawes, Mark Stephenson, Robin (Rob) Marc Orr, Robert G. Lockie Nov 2022

Resisting Arrest: Analysis Of Different Prone Body Positions On Time To Stand And Engage, Krissy Sanchez, J. Jay Dawes, Mark Stephenson, Robin (Rob) Marc Orr, Robert G. Lockie

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

An isolated police officer executing an arrest can be placed in a dangerous situation should the detainee become non-compliant. Further research is needed to ascertain the position that a detainee can be placed in that takes the longest time for them to rise from the ground, as this can influence the officer’s reaction time to a life-threatening situation. PURPOSE: Determine differences between participants' time from four prone positions to a standing athletic position which would then prepare the participant to engage or run from the officer, similar to what could be seen during an interaction between police and detainees. METHODS: …


Continuous Leg Cycling Ergometry Prescribed At Identical Relative Power Output Elicits Different Physiological Responses Versus Arm Cycle Ergometry, Tanner M. Robson, David W. Mcmillan, Todd A. Astorino Facsm Nov 2022

Continuous Leg Cycling Ergometry Prescribed At Identical Relative Power Output Elicits Different Physiological Responses Versus Arm Cycle Ergometry, Tanner M. Robson, David W. Mcmillan, Todd A. Astorino Facsm

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare physiological and perceptual responses to progressive moderate intensity continuous exercise (MICE) between leg (LCE) and arm cycle ergometry (ACE). METHODS: Seventeen active men and women (age and percent body fat = 26 ± 7 yr and 18 ± 3 %) initially performed graded exercise on each modality to assess maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) and peak power output (PPO). Using a randomized crossover design, they subsequently performed 45 min of MICE consisting of three 15 min bouts at 20, 40, and 60 % PPO on each modality. Gas exchange data (VO2, VCO2, …


Does Experimental Anterior Knee Pain Alter Effects Of Running On Femoral Articular Cartilage Thickness And Volume? A Pilot Study, Lauren N. Richardson, Andrew Pope, Sunku Kwon, Matthew K. Seeley Nov 2022

Does Experimental Anterior Knee Pain Alter Effects Of Running On Femoral Articular Cartilage Thickness And Volume? A Pilot Study, Lauren N. Richardson, Andrew Pope, Sunku Kwon, Matthew K. Seeley

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Anterior knee pain is a common problem for runners that often alters running biomechanics. It is unclear how/if changes in running biomechanics due to anterior knee pain affect knee articular cartilage health. PURPOSE: To determine if experimental anterior knee pain during running acutely alters deformation in femoral articular cartilage due to running. METHODS: 10 runners completed three sessions that each in- volved a 60-min treadmill run: a control, sham, and pain session. Experimental anterior knee pain was in- duced during the pain session via a continuous infusion of hypertonic saline into the infrapatellar fat pad. The sham and control sessions …


Differences In Arterial Occlusion Pressure Of The Superficial Femoral Artery Between The Dominant And Non-Dominant Legs, Shay Richards, Chase Blazzard, Hannah Hart, Nicole Kasper, Ryan Lacey, Daniela Lopez, Pat R. Vehrs Facsm Nov 2022

Differences In Arterial Occlusion Pressure Of The Superficial Femoral Artery Between The Dominant And Non-Dominant Legs, Shay Richards, Chase Blazzard, Hannah Hart, Nicole Kasper, Ryan Lacey, Daniela Lopez, Pat R. Vehrs Facsm

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

The arterial occlusion pressure (AOP) is dependent on limb circumference. Previous research seldom reports the AOP of both limbs. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the superficial femoral artery AOP measured in the dominant and non-dominant legs. METHODS: Ultrasound (GE LOGIQ) was used to detect blood flow through the superficial femoral artery of both legs in a random order in 20 males and 20 females. Circumference of the upper thigh, leg volume, and skinfold thickness were measured in both legs. Blood pressure was continuously monitored using a CNAP device. An inflatable cuff was placed around the upper …


Impact Of Meal Planning On Physical Health And Functional Ability, Alejandra Ramirez, Sarah Dunn Nov 2022

Impact Of Meal Planning On Physical Health And Functional Ability, Alejandra Ramirez, Sarah Dunn

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

It is well known that unhealthy nutritional habits as well as poor dietary choices may increase one’s risk of developing hypertension, overweight/obesity, and inflammation which can lead to comorbidities, diseases states or even death. Planning your meals serves a wide purpose that together with nutrition aids in maintaining a healthy body system. Meal planning has been utilized by the individuals in the exercise world to assist in receiving the valuable nutrients needed to help build and maintain a healthy body. However, the curiosity in understanding whether meal planning may impact the functional status of the individuals who do not consistently …


Impact Of Mask Wearing On Post Exercise Hemodynamics, Payton Price, Zachary Zeigler, Anthony Acevedo, Lucas Heikka, Adarius West, Malia Nowlen, Justin Emelife, Sofia Harman, Ruthie Larson Nov 2022

Impact Of Mask Wearing On Post Exercise Hemodynamics, Payton Price, Zachary Zeigler, Anthony Acevedo, Lucas Heikka, Adarius West, Malia Nowlen, Justin Emelife, Sofia Harman, Ruthie Larson

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

As the guidelines regarding COVID-19 regressed, many fitness centers established regulations requiring mask-wearing during exercise. Data suggest that the impact of a mask during exercise has minimal effects on exercise hemodynamics. The post-exercise period has been described as a window of opportunity to lower blood pressure, a phenomenon called post-exercise hypotension. The impact of wearing a mask on post-exercise hemodynamics is unknown. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of mask-wearing on post-exercise hemodynamics. METHODS: Nine total participants aged 18-30 yr were recruited for this experimental cross-over study. This within-subject design involved six randomized …


Comparing Perceptual Responses Between Different Modalities Of Sprint Interval Training (Sit), Shealin Pierce, Madisen Piva, Todd Astorino Ph.D Nov 2022

Comparing Perceptual Responses Between Different Modalities Of Sprint Interval Training (Sit), Shealin Pierce, Madisen Piva, Todd Astorino Ph.D

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Although the time-efficiency and physiological benefits of SIT are well-documented, it has been criticized for eliciting adverse psychological responses in many adults, which are a potential barrier to long-term exercise adherence. To date, minimal research has studied the influence of exercise modality on perceptual responses to SIT. PURPOSE: To compare perceptual responses between different modalities of SIT in adults. METHODS: Subjects consisted of 11 healthy, non-obese men and women (age= 27±9 year, %BF=16±5%) who are physically active (PA=5±2hr). Participants initially underwent graded exercise testing to determine VO₂max and peak power output (PPO) on the arm (ACE) and leg cycle ergometer …