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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Saponin Tql1055 Adjuvant-Containing Vaccine Confers Protection Upon Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Challenge In Mice, Mushtaq Ahmed, Eric Farris, Rosemary V Swanson, Shibali Das, Yan Yang, Tyler Martin, Shabaana A Khader Dec 2024

Saponin Tql1055 Adjuvant-Containing Vaccine Confers Protection Upon Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Challenge In Mice, Mushtaq Ahmed, Eric Farris, Rosemary V Swanson, Shibali Das, Yan Yang, Tyler Martin, Shabaana A Khader

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Tuberculosis (TB), caused by the intracellular pathogen


The Association Of Caregiver Attitudes, Information Sources, And Trust With Hpv Vaccine Initiation Among Adolescents, Akila Anandarajah, Thembekile Shato, Sarah Humble, Alan R Barnette, Heather M Brandt, Lisa M Klesges, Vetta L Sanders Thompson, Michelle I Silver Dec 2024

The Association Of Caregiver Attitudes, Information Sources, And Trust With Hpv Vaccine Initiation Among Adolescents, Akila Anandarajah, Thembekile Shato, Sarah Humble, Alan R Barnette, Heather M Brandt, Lisa M Klesges, Vetta L Sanders Thompson, Michelle I Silver

2020-Current year OA Pubs

This study described caregiver attitudes and the information sources they access about HPV vaccination for adolescents and determined their influence on human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination initiation. An online survey was administered to 1,016 adults in July 2021. Participants were eligible if they were the caregiver of a child aged 9-17 residing in Mississippi, Arkansas, Tennessee, Missouri, and select counties in Southern Illinois. Multivariate logistic regression was used to estimate the association of caregiver attitudes and information sources with HPV vaccination. Information from doctors or healthcare providers (87.4%) and internet sources other than social media (31.0%) were the most used sources …


Emergent Microenvironments Of Nucleoli, Matthew R King, Kiersten M Ruff, Rohit V Pappu Dec 2024

Emergent Microenvironments Of Nucleoli, Matthew R King, Kiersten M Ruff, Rohit V Pappu

2020-Current year OA Pubs

In higher eukaryotes, the nucleolus harbors at least three sub-phases that facilitate multiple functionalities including ribosome biogenesis. The three prominent coexisting sub-phases are the fibrillar center (FC), the dense fibrillar component (DFC), and the granular component (GC). Here, we review recent efforts in profiling sub-phase compositions that shed light on the types of physicochemical properties that emerge from compositional biases and territorial organization of specific types of macromolecules. We highlight roles played by molecular grammars which refers to protein sequence features including the substrate binding domains, the sequence features of intrinsically disordered regions, and the multivalence of these distinct types …


Assessment Of Gait, Balance, And Falls In Individuals With Neurodegenerative Diseases, Lauren Tueth May 2024

Assessment Of Gait, Balance, And Falls In Individuals With Neurodegenerative Diseases, Lauren Tueth

WUSM Theses and Dissertations – All Programs

Neurodegenerative diseases are a group of disorders that impact the brain and lead to neuronal degeneration. This degeneration causes many different symptoms, which are often grouped into motor, cognitive, and psychiatric domains. Individuals with these disorders can experience symptoms from multiple domains at the same time, but little is known about how these distinct symptoms may impact each other.

In Chapter 2, we explored the intersection of balance and cognitive impairment in individuals with Alzheimer disease (AD). AD is traditionally discussed in the context of the dementia symptoms, but people with AD also experience motor deficits. Falls are a huge …


Measurement Of And Contributors To Developmental Coordination Impairment, Jeffrey D. Konrad May 2024

Measurement Of And Contributors To Developmental Coordination Impairment, Jeffrey D. Konrad

WUSM Theses and Dissertations – All Programs

Movement drives childhood development. As motor skills improve across development, a child becomes capable of greater interactions with their physical and social environment. Children with motor impairments miss out on these interaction opportunities and their development across a variety of domains can suffer. There is accumulating evidence that poor motor competence relates to an array of developmental outcomes such as educational achievement, reading skills, social development, and emotional regulation. Two developmentally important motor impairments are poor motor competence and hyperactivity which are associated with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD), and/or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Critical to …


Hiv-1 Capsid Stability And Reverse Transcription Are Finely Balanced To Minimize Sensing Of Reverse Transcription Products Via The Cgas-Sting Pathway, Jenna E Eschbach, Maritza Puray-Chavez, Shawn Mohammed, Qiankun Wang, Ming Xia, Lin-Chen Huang, Liang Shan, Sebla B Kutluay May 2024

Hiv-1 Capsid Stability And Reverse Transcription Are Finely Balanced To Minimize Sensing Of Reverse Transcription Products Via The Cgas-Sting Pathway, Jenna E Eschbach, Maritza Puray-Chavez, Shawn Mohammed, Qiankun Wang, Ming Xia, Lin-Chen Huang, Liang Shan, Sebla B Kutluay

2020-Current year OA Pubs

UNLABELLED: A critical determinant for early post-entry events, the HIV-1 capsid (CA) protein forms the conical core when it rearranges around the dimeric RNA genome and associated viral proteins. Although mutations in CA have been reported to alter innate immune sensing of HIV-1, a direct link between core stability and sensing of HIV-1 nucleic acids has not been established. Herein, we assessed how manipulating the stability of the CA lattice through chemical and genetic approaches affects innate immune recognition of HIV-1. We found that destabilization of the CA lattice resulted in potent sensing of reverse transcription products when destabilization

IMPORTANCE: …


Deficiency Of Il-22-Binding Protein Enhances The Ability Of The Gut Microbiota To Protect Against Enteric Pathogens, José L Fachi, Blanda Di Luccia, Susan Gilfillan, Hao-Wei Chang, Christina Song, Jiye Cheng, Marina Cella, Marco Aurelio Vinolo, Jeffrey I Gordon, Marco Colonna May 2024

Deficiency Of Il-22-Binding Protein Enhances The Ability Of The Gut Microbiota To Protect Against Enteric Pathogens, José L Fachi, Blanda Di Luccia, Susan Gilfillan, Hao-Wei Chang, Christina Song, Jiye Cheng, Marina Cella, Marco Aurelio Vinolo, Jeffrey I Gordon, Marco Colonna

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Interleukin 22 (IL-22) promotes intestinal barrier integrity, stimulating epithelial cells to enact defense mechanisms against enteric infections, including the production of antimicrobial peptides. IL-22 binding protein (IL-22BP) is a soluble decoy encoded by the


Stay On Track: A Pilot Randomized Control Trial On The Feasibility Of A Diet And Exercise Intervention In Patients With Breast Cancer Receiving Radiotherapy, Gopika Senthilkumar, Aronne M Schottstaedt, Lindsay L Peterson, Lauren N Pedersen, Christopher R Chitambar, Alexis Vistocky, Anjishnu Banerjee, John M Longo, Tracy Kelly, Adam Currey, Melinda R Stolley, Carmen Bergom May 2024

Stay On Track: A Pilot Randomized Control Trial On The Feasibility Of A Diet And Exercise Intervention In Patients With Breast Cancer Receiving Radiotherapy, Gopika Senthilkumar, Aronne M Schottstaedt, Lindsay L Peterson, Lauren N Pedersen, Christopher R Chitambar, Alexis Vistocky, Anjishnu Banerjee, John M Longo, Tracy Kelly, Adam Currey, Melinda R Stolley, Carmen Bergom

2020-Current year OA Pubs

PURPOSE: Among patients with breast cancer undergoing radiotherapy, posttreatment cardiovascular disease and worsened quality of life (QoL) are leading causes of morbidity and mortality. To overcome these negative radiotherapy effects, this prospective, randomized clinical trial pilots a 12-week Stay on Track exercise and diet intervention for overweight patients with nonmetastatic breast cancer undergoing whole-breast radiotherapy.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: The intervention group (n = 22) participated in three personal exercise and dietary counseling sessions, and received three text reminders/week to adhere to recommendations. The control group (n = 22) was administered a diet/exercise information binder. All patients received a Fitbit, and at …


Wormbase 2024: Status And Transitioning To Alliance Infrastructure, Paul W Sternberg, Tim Schedl, Et Al. May 2024

Wormbase 2024: Status And Transitioning To Alliance Infrastructure, Paul W Sternberg, Tim Schedl, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

WormBase has been the major repository and knowledgebase of information about the genome and genetics of Caenorhabditis elegans and other nematodes of experimental interest for over 2 decades. We have 3 goals: to keep current with the fast-paced C. elegans research, to provide better integration with other resources, and to be sustainable. Here, we discuss the current state of WormBase as well as progress and plans for moving core WormBase infrastructure to the Alliance of Genome Resources (the Alliance). As an Alliance member, WormBase will continue to interact with the C. elegans community, develop new features as needed, and curate …


Novel Loss-Of-Function Variants Expand Abcc9-Related Intellectual Disability And Myopathy Syndrome, Stephanie Efthymiou, Robert C Tryon, Colin G Nichols, Et Al. May 2024

Novel Loss-Of-Function Variants Expand Abcc9-Related Intellectual Disability And Myopathy Syndrome, Stephanie Efthymiou, Robert C Tryon, Colin G Nichols, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Loss-of-function mutation of ABCC9, the gene encoding the SUR2 subunit of ATP sensitive-potassium (KATP) channels, was recently associated with autosomal recessive ABCC9-related intellectual disability and myopathy syndrome (AIMS). Here we identify nine additional subjects, from seven unrelated families, harbouring different homozygous loss-of-function variants in ABCC9 and presenting with a conserved range of clinical features. All variants are predicted to result in severe truncations or in-frame deletions within SUR2, leading to the generation of non-functional SUR2-dependent KATP channels. Affected individuals show psychomotor delay and intellectual disability of variable severity, microcephaly, corpus callosum and white matter abnormalities, seizures, spasticity, short stature, muscle …


Alport Syndrome And Alport Kidney Diseases - Elucidating The Disease Spectrum, Pongpratch Puapatanakul, Jeffrey H. Miner May 2024

Alport Syndrome And Alport Kidney Diseases - Elucidating The Disease Spectrum, Pongpratch Puapatanakul, Jeffrey H. Miner

2020-Current year OA Pubs

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With the latest classification, variants in three collagen IV genes, COL4A3 , COL4A4 , and COL4A5 , represent the most prevalent genetic kidney disease in humans, exhibiting diverse, complex, and inconsistent clinical manifestations. This review breaks down the disease spectrum and genotype-phenotype correlations of kidney diseases linked to genetic variants in these genes and distinguishes "classic" Alport syndrome (AS) from the less severe nonsyndromic genetically related nephropathies that we suggest be called "Alport kidney diseases".

RECENT FINDINGS: Several research studies have focused on the genotype-phenotype correlation under the latest classification scheme of AS. The historic diagnoses of …


Complement Regulation In The Eye: Implications For Age-Related Macular Degeneration, Georgia A. Wilke, Rajendra S. Apte May 2024

Complement Regulation In The Eye: Implications For Age-Related Macular Degeneration, Georgia A. Wilke, Rajendra S. Apte

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Careful regulation of the complement system is critical for enabling complement proteins to titrate immune defense while also preventing collateral tissue damage from poorly controlled inflammation. In the eye, this balance between complement activity and inhibition is crucial, as a low level of basal complement activity is necessary to support ocular immune privilege, a prerequisite for maintaining vision. Dysregulated complement activation contributes to parainflammation, a low level of inflammation triggered by cellular damage that functions to reestablish homeostasis, or outright inflammation that disrupts the visual axis. Complement dysregulation has been implicated in many ocular diseases, including glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, and …


Spatial Mapping Of Hematopoietic Clones In Human Bone Marrow, Andrew L Young, Hannah C Davis, Maggie J Cox, Tyler M Parsons, Samantha C Burkart, Diane E Bender, Lulu Sun, Stephen T Oh, Grant A Challen May 2024

Spatial Mapping Of Hematopoietic Clones In Human Bone Marrow, Andrew L Young, Hannah C Davis, Maggie J Cox, Tyler M Parsons, Samantha C Burkart, Diane E Bender, Lulu Sun, Stephen T Oh, Grant A Challen

2020-Current year OA Pubs

UNLABELLED: Clonal hematopoiesis (CH) is the expansion of somatically mutated cells in the hematopoietic compartment of individuals without hematopoietic dysfunction. Large CH clones (i.e., >2% variant allele fraction) predispose to hematologic malignancy, but CH is detected at lower levels in nearly all middle-aged individuals. Prior work has extensively characterized CH in peripheral blood, but the spatial distribution of hematopoietic clones in human bone marrow is largely undescribed. To understand CH at this level, we developed a method for spatially aware somatic mutation profiling and characterized the bone marrow of a patient with polycythemia vera. We identified the complex clonal distribution …


Targeting Dendritic Cell Dysfunction To Circumvent Anti-Pd1 Resistance In Head And Neck Cancer, Shin Saito, Michihisa Kono, Hoang C B Nguyen, Ann Marie Egloff, Cameron Messier, Patrick Lizotte, Cloud Paweletz, Douglas Adkins, Ravindra Uppaluri May 2024

Targeting Dendritic Cell Dysfunction To Circumvent Anti-Pd1 Resistance In Head And Neck Cancer, Shin Saito, Michihisa Kono, Hoang C B Nguyen, Ann Marie Egloff, Cameron Messier, Patrick Lizotte, Cloud Paweletz, Douglas Adkins, Ravindra Uppaluri

2020-Current year OA Pubs

PURPOSE: Neoadjuvant anti-PD1 (aPD1) therapies are being explored in surgically resectable head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Encouraging responses have been observed, but further insights into the mechanisms underlying resistance and approaches to improve responses are needed.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We integrated data from syngeneic mouse oral carcinoma (MOC) models and neoadjuvant pembrolizumab HNSCC patient tumor RNA-sequencing data to explore the mechanism of aPD1 resistance. Tumors and tumor-draining lymph nodes (DLN) from MOC models were analyzed for antigen-specific priming. CCL5 expression was enforced in an aPD1-resistant model.

RESULTS: An aPD1-resistant mouse model showed poor priming in the tumor DLN due …


Patient Engagement In Designing, Conducting, And Disseminating Clinical Pain Research: Immpact Recommended Considerations, Simon Haroutounian, Katherine J. Holzer, Et Al. May 2024

Patient Engagement In Designing, Conducting, And Disseminating Clinical Pain Research: Immpact Recommended Considerations, Simon Haroutounian, Katherine J. Holzer, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

In the traditional clinical research model, patients are typically involved only as participants. However, there has been a shift in recent years highlighting the value and contributions that patients bring as members of the research team, across the clinical research lifecycle. It is becoming increasingly evident that to develop research that is both meaningful to people who have the targeted condition and is feasible, there are important benefits of involving patients in the planning, conduct, and dissemination of research from its earliest stages. In fact, research funders and regulatory agencies are now explicitly encouraging, and sometimes requiring, that patients are …


Expanding Youth-Friendly Hiv Self-Testing Services During The Covid-19 Pandemic: Qualitative Analysis Of A Crowdsourcing Open Call In Nigeria, Onyekachukwu Anikamadu, Oliver Ezechi, Alexis Engelhart, Ucheoma Nwaozuru, Chisom Obiezu-Umeh, Ponmile Ogunjemite, Babatunde Ismail Bale, Daniel Nwachukwu, Titilola Gbaja-Biamila, David Oladele, Adesola Z Musa, Stacey Mason, Temitope Ojo, Joseph Tucker, Juliet Iwelunmor Apr 2024

Expanding Youth-Friendly Hiv Self-Testing Services During The Covid-19 Pandemic: Qualitative Analysis Of A Crowdsourcing Open Call In Nigeria, Onyekachukwu Anikamadu, Oliver Ezechi, Alexis Engelhart, Ucheoma Nwaozuru, Chisom Obiezu-Umeh, Ponmile Ogunjemite, Babatunde Ismail Bale, Daniel Nwachukwu, Titilola Gbaja-Biamila, David Oladele, Adesola Z Musa, Stacey Mason, Temitope Ojo, Joseph Tucker, Juliet Iwelunmor

2020-Current year OA Pubs

BACKGROUND: HIV self-testing (HIVST) among young people is an effective approach to enhance the uptake of HIV testing recommended by the World Health Organization. However, the COVID-19 pandemic disrupted conventional facility-based HIV testing services, necessitating the exploration of innovative strategies for the effective delivery of HIVST.

OBJECTIVE: This study analyzed the outcomes of a digital World AIDS Day crowdsourcing open call, designed to elicit youth responses on innovative approaches to promote HIVST among young people (14-24 years) in Nigeria during COVID-19 restrictions.

METHODS: From November 2 to 22, 2020, a World AIDS Day 2020 crowdsourcing open call was held digitally …


Implementation Of Health It For Cancer Screening In Us Primary Care: Scoping Review, Constance Owens-Jasey, Maura M Kepper, Alex T Ramsey, Et Al. Apr 2024

Implementation Of Health It For Cancer Screening In Us Primary Care: Scoping Review, Constance Owens-Jasey, Maura M Kepper, Alex T Ramsey, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

BACKGROUND: A substantial percentage of the US population is not up to date on guideline-recommended cancer screenings. Identifying interventions that effectively improve screening rates would enhance the delivery of such screening. Interventions involving health IT (HIT) show promise, but much remains unknown about how HIT is optimized to support cancer screening in primary care.

OBJECTIVE: This scoping review aims to identify (1) HIT-based interventions that effectively support guideline concordance in breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer screening provision and follow-up in the primary care setting and (2) barriers or facilitators to the implementation of effective HIT in this setting.

METHODS: Following …


Pml::Rara And Gata2 Proteins Interact Via Dna Templates To Induce Aberrant Self-Renewal In Mouse And Human Hematopoietic Cells, Casey D S Katerndahl, Olivia R S Rogers, Ryan B Day, Ziheng Xu, Nichole M Helton, Sai Mukund Ramakrishnan, Christopher A Miller, Timothy J Ley Apr 2024

Pml::Rara And Gata2 Proteins Interact Via Dna Templates To Induce Aberrant Self-Renewal In Mouse And Human Hematopoietic Cells, Casey D S Katerndahl, Olivia R S Rogers, Ryan B Day, Ziheng Xu, Nichole M Helton, Sai Mukund Ramakrishnan, Christopher A Miller, Timothy J Ley

2020-Current year OA Pubs

The underlying mechanism(s) by which the PML::RARA fusion protein initiates acute promyelocytic leukemia is not yet clear. We defined the genomic binding sites of PML::RARA in primary mouse and human hematopoietic progenitor cells with V5-tagged PML::RARA, using anti-V5-PML::RARA chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing and CUT&RUN approaches. Most genomic PML::RARA binding sites were found in regions that were already chromatin-accessible (defined by ATAC-seq) in unmanipulated, wild-type promyelocytes, suggesting that these regions are "open" prior to PML::RARA expression. We found that GATA binding motifs, and the direct binding of the chromatin "pioneering factor" GATA2, were significantly enriched near PML::RARA binding sites. Proximity labeling studies …


Accelerating Medicines Partnership® Schizophrenia (Amp® Scz): Rationale And Study Design Of The Largest Global Prospective Cohort Study Of Clinical High Risk For Psychosis, Cassandra M J Wannan, Michael P. Harms, Daneil Mamah, Spero C. Nicholas, Et Al. Apr 2024

Accelerating Medicines Partnership® Schizophrenia (Amp® Scz): Rationale And Study Design Of The Largest Global Prospective Cohort Study Of Clinical High Risk For Psychosis, Cassandra M J Wannan, Michael P. Harms, Daneil Mamah, Spero C. Nicholas, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

No abstract provided.


Sleep And Circadian Biomarkers Of Postoperative Delirium (Sleep-Pod): Protocol For A Prospective And Observational Cohort Study, Elizabeth Sugg, Elizabeth Gleeson, Sarah N Baker, Peng Li, Chenlu Gao, Ariel Mueller, Hao Deng, Shiqian Shen, Esteban Franco-Garcia, Richa Saxena, Erik S Musiek, Oluwaseun Akeju, Zhongcong Xie, Kun Hu, Lei Gao Apr 2024

Sleep And Circadian Biomarkers Of Postoperative Delirium (Sleep-Pod): Protocol For A Prospective And Observational Cohort Study, Elizabeth Sugg, Elizabeth Gleeson, Sarah N Baker, Peng Li, Chenlu Gao, Ariel Mueller, Hao Deng, Shiqian Shen, Esteban Franco-Garcia, Richa Saxena, Erik S Musiek, Oluwaseun Akeju, Zhongcong Xie, Kun Hu, Lei Gao

2020-Current year OA Pubs

INTRODUCTION: Surgical patients over 70 experience postoperative delirium (POD) complications in up to 50% of procedures. Sleep/circadian disruption has emerged as a potential risk factor for POD in epidemiological studies. This protocol presents a single-site, prospective observational study designed to examine the relationship between sleep/circadian regulation and POD and how this association could be moderated or mediated by Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology and genetic risk for AD.

METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Study staff members will screen for eligible patients (age ≥70) seeking joint replacement or spinal surgery at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH). At the inclusion visit, patients will be asked a …


Sars-Cov-2 Omicron Ba.1 Variant Infection Of Human Colon Epithelial Cells, Avan Antia, David M Alvarado, Qiru Zeng, Luis A Casorla-Perez, Deanna L Davis, Naomi M Sonnek, Matthew A Ciorba, Siyuan Ding Apr 2024

Sars-Cov-2 Omicron Ba.1 Variant Infection Of Human Colon Epithelial Cells, Avan Antia, David M Alvarado, Qiru Zeng, Luis A Casorla-Perez, Deanna L Davis, Naomi M Sonnek, Matthew A Ciorba, Siyuan Ding

2020-Current year OA Pubs

The Omicron variant of SARS-CoV-2, characterized by multiple subvariants including BA.1, XBB.1.5, EG.5, and JN.1, became the predominant strain in early 2022. Studies indicate that Omicron replicates less efficiently in lung tissue compared to the ancestral strain. However, the infectivity of Omicron in the gastrointestinal tract is not fully defined, despite the fact that 70% of COVID-19 patients experience digestive disease symptoms. Here, using primary human colonoids, we found that, regardless of individual variability, Omicron infects colon cells similarly or less effectively than the ancestral strain or the Delta variant. The variant induced limited type III interferon expression and showed …


Bioresorbable, Wireless, Passive Sensors For Continuous Ph Measurements And Early Detection Of Gastric Leakage, Shuo Li, Yameng Xu, Ying Yan, Jorge Zárate Rodriguez, Mitchell A Pet, Chet W Hammill, Matthew R Macewan, Wilson Z Ray, Et Al. Apr 2024

Bioresorbable, Wireless, Passive Sensors For Continuous Ph Measurements And Early Detection Of Gastric Leakage, Shuo Li, Yameng Xu, Ying Yan, Jorge Zárate Rodriguez, Mitchell A Pet, Chet W Hammill, Matthew R Macewan, Wilson Z Ray, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Continuous monitoring of biomarkers at locations adjacent to targeted internal organs can provide actionable information about postoperative status beyond conventional diagnostic methods. As an example, changes in pH in the intra-abdominal space after gastric surgeries can serve as direct indicators of potentially life-threatening leakage events, in contrast to symptomatic reactions that may delay treatment. Here, we report a bioresorbable, wireless, passive sensor that addresses this clinical need, designed to locally monitor pH for early detection of gastric leakage. A pH-responsive hydrogel serves as a transducer that couples to a mechanically optimized inductor-capacitor circuit for wireless readout. This platform enables real-time …


Novel Jak Inhibitors To Reduce Graft-Versus-Host Disease After Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation In A Preclinical Mouse Model, Sena Kim, Peter Ruminski, Megh Singh, Karl Staser, Kidist Ashami, Julie Ritchey, Sora Lim, John F Dipersio, Jaebok Choi Apr 2024

Novel Jak Inhibitors To Reduce Graft-Versus-Host Disease After Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation In A Preclinical Mouse Model, Sena Kim, Peter Ruminski, Megh Singh, Karl Staser, Kidist Ashami, Julie Ritchey, Sora Lim, John F Dipersio, Jaebok Choi

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) is a highly effective, well-established treatment for patients with various hematologic malignancies and non-malignant diseases. The therapeutic benefits of allo-HCT are mediated by alloreactive T cells in donor grafts. However, there is a significant risk of graft-versus-host disease (GvHD), in which the donor T cells recognize recipient cells as foreign and attack healthy organs in addition to malignancies. We previously demonstrated that targeting JAK1/JAK2, mediators of interferon-gamma receptor (IFNGR) and IL-6 receptor signaling, in donor T cells using baricitinib and ruxolitinib results in a significant reduction in GvHD after allo-HCT. Furthermore, we showed that balanced …


Recruitment Strategies In The Integration Of Mobile Health Into Sickle Cell Disease Care To Increase Hydroxyurea Utilization Study (Mesh): Multicenter Survey Study, Chinonyelum Nwosu, Hamda Khan, Rita Masese, Judith M Nocek, Siera Gollan, Taniya Varughese, Sarah Bourne, Cindy Clesca, Sara R Jacobs, Ana Baumann, Lisa M Klesges, Nirmish Shah, Jane S Hankins, Matthew P Smeltzer Apr 2024

Recruitment Strategies In The Integration Of Mobile Health Into Sickle Cell Disease Care To Increase Hydroxyurea Utilization Study (Mesh): Multicenter Survey Study, Chinonyelum Nwosu, Hamda Khan, Rita Masese, Judith M Nocek, Siera Gollan, Taniya Varughese, Sarah Bourne, Cindy Clesca, Sara R Jacobs, Ana Baumann, Lisa M Klesges, Nirmish Shah, Jane S Hankins, Matthew P Smeltzer

2020-Current year OA Pubs

BACKGROUND: Hydroxyurea is an evidence-based disease-modifying therapy for sickle cell disease (SCD) but is underutilized. The Integration of Mobile Health into Sickle Cell Disease Care to Increase Hydroxyurea Utilization (meSH) multicenter study leveraged mHealth to deliver targeted interventions to patients and providers. SCD studies often underenroll; and recruitment strategies in the SCD population are not widely studied. Unanticipated events can negatively impact enrollment, making it important to study strategies that ensure adequate study accrual.

OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to evaluate enrollment barriers and the impact of modified recruitment strategies among patients and providers in the meSH study …


Evolution Of The Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (Tlif): From Open To Percutaneous To Patient-Specific, Peter N Drossopoulos, Favour C Ononogbu-Uche, Troy Q Tabarestani, Chuan-Ching Huang, Mounica Paturu, Anas Bardeesi, Wilson Z Ray, Christopher I Shaffrey, C Rory Goodwin, Melissa Erickson, John H Chi, Muhammad M Abd-El-Barr Apr 2024

Evolution Of The Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (Tlif): From Open To Percutaneous To Patient-Specific, Peter N Drossopoulos, Favour C Ononogbu-Uche, Troy Q Tabarestani, Chuan-Ching Huang, Mounica Paturu, Anas Bardeesi, Wilson Z Ray, Christopher I Shaffrey, C Rory Goodwin, Melissa Erickson, John H Chi, Muhammad M Abd-El-Barr

2020-Current year OA Pubs

The transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) has seen significant evolution since its early inception, reflecting advancements in surgical techniques, patient safety, and outcomes. Originally described as an improvement over the posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF), the TLIF began as an open surgical procedure, that notably reduced the need for the extensive neural retractation that hindered the PLIF. In line with the broader practice of surgery, trending toward minimally invasive access, the TLIF was followed by the development of the minimally invasive TLIF (MIS-TLIF), a technique that further decreased tissue trauma and postoperative complications. Subsequent advancements, including Trans-Kambin's Triangle TLIF (percLIF) …


Chemotherapy Activates Inflammasomes To Cause Inflammation-Associated Bone Loss, Chun Wang, Khushpreet Kaur, Canxin Xu, Yousef Abu-Amer, Gabriel Mbalaviele Apr 2024

Chemotherapy Activates Inflammasomes To Cause Inflammation-Associated Bone Loss, Chun Wang, Khushpreet Kaur, Canxin Xu, Yousef Abu-Amer, Gabriel Mbalaviele

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Chemotherapy is a widely used treatment for a variety of solid and hematological malignancies. Despite its success in improving the survival rate of cancer patients, chemotherapy causes significant toxicity to multiple organs, including the skeleton, but the underlying mechanisms have yet to be elucidated. Using tumor-free mouse models, which are commonly used to assess direct off-target effects of anti-neoplastic therapies, we found that doxorubicin caused massive bone loss in wild-type mice, a phenotype associated with increased number of osteoclasts, leukopenia, elevated serum levels of danger-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs; e.g. cell-free DNA and ATP) and cytokines (e.g. IL-1β and IL-18). Accordingly, …


Use Of Barium For Diagnosis Of Colonic Perforation Leads To Challenging Barium Peritonitis, Ariana Naaseh, Jorge G Zarate Rodriguez, Matthew J Mchale, Grace M Niziolek, Thoi H Ngo, John P Kirby, Lindsay M Kranker Apr 2024

Use Of Barium For Diagnosis Of Colonic Perforation Leads To Challenging Barium Peritonitis, Ariana Naaseh, Jorge G Zarate Rodriguez, Matthew J Mchale, Grace M Niziolek, Thoi H Ngo, John P Kirby, Lindsay M Kranker

2020-Current year OA Pubs

No abstract provided.


Impact Of Self-Reported Loss Of Balance And Gait Disturbance On Outcomes Following Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery, Bassel G Diebo, Munish C Gupta, Et Al. Apr 2024

Impact Of Self-Reported Loss Of Balance And Gait Disturbance On Outcomes Following Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery, Bassel G Diebo, Munish C Gupta, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

No abstract provided.


Bone Canonical Wnt Signaling Is Downregulated In Type 2 Diabetes And Associates With Higher Advanced Glycation End-Products (Ages) Content And Reduced Bone Strength, Giulia Leanza, Alec T Beeve, Erica L Scheller, Simon Y Tang, Roberto Civitelli, Nicola Napoli, Et Al. Apr 2024

Bone Canonical Wnt Signaling Is Downregulated In Type 2 Diabetes And Associates With Higher Advanced Glycation End-Products (Ages) Content And Reduced Bone Strength, Giulia Leanza, Alec T Beeve, Erica L Scheller, Simon Y Tang, Roberto Civitelli, Nicola Napoli, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is associated with higher fracture risk, despite normal or high bone mineral density. We reported that bone formation genes (


Vaccine Effectiveness Against Influenza A-Associated Hospitalization, Organ Failure, And Death: United States, 2022-2023, Nathaniel M Lewis, Jennie H Kwon, Et Al. Apr 2024

Vaccine Effectiveness Against Influenza A-Associated Hospitalization, Organ Failure, And Death: United States, 2022-2023, Nathaniel M Lewis, Jennie H Kwon, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

BACKGROUND: Influenza circulation during the 2022-2023 season in the United States largely returned to pre-coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-pandemic patterns and levels. Influenza A(H3N2) viruses were detected most frequently this season, predominately clade 3C.2a1b.2a, a close antigenic match to the vaccine strain.

METHODS: To understand effectiveness of the 2022-2023 influenza vaccine against influenza-associated hospitalization, organ failure, and death, a multicenter sentinel surveillance network in the United States prospectively enrolled adults hospitalized with acute respiratory illness between 1 October 2022, and 28 February 2023. Using the test-negative design, vaccine effectiveness (VE) estimates against influenza-associated hospitalization, organ failures, and death were measured by …