Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

University of Nebraska Medical Center

Discipline
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 3694

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Development, Validation, And Diagnostic Performance Of A Novel Radiomic Model For Predicting Prostate Cancer Recurrence, Linda M. Huynh May 2024

Development, Validation, And Diagnostic Performance Of A Novel Radiomic Model For Predicting Prostate Cancer Recurrence, Linda M. Huynh

Theses & Dissertations

Multi-parametric magnetic resonance imaging (MP-MRI)-derived radiomics have been shown to capture sub-visual patterns for the quantitative characterization of prostate cancer (PC) phenotypes. The present dissertation seeks to develop, evaluate, and compare the performance of an MRI-derived radiomic model for the prediction of PC recurrence following definitive treatment with radical prostatectomy (RP).

MP-MRI was obtained from 339 patients who had a minimum of 2 years follow-up following RP at three institutions. The prostate was manually delineated as the region of interest and 924 radiomic features were extracted. All features were evaluated for stability via intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and image normalization …


Improving Collection Of Second Blood Pressure For Patients In Primary Care Who Present With An Elevated Reading, Jordan Sieh, Elizabeth Sundberg, Tania Arreguin May 2024

Improving Collection Of Second Blood Pressure For Patients In Primary Care Who Present With An Elevated Reading, Jordan Sieh, Elizabeth Sundberg, Tania Arreguin

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects: College of Nursing

Purpose: Early diagnosis of hypertension is critical to prevent complications such as renal and cardiovascular diseases. Many healthcare facilities do not have a blood pressure training program educating appropriate staff on importance of accurate blood pressure readings and techniques. The purpose of this project is to improve the number of patients with elevated blood pressure reading at the OneWorld Quick Sick Clinic.

Methods: Health aides/Health Assistants/Medical assistants at OneWorld Quick Sick will receive blood pressure training to review proper techniques. During this training they will also be educated on appropriate follow-up blood pressure readings and a new technique to document …


Implementing A Standardized Protocol For Early Detection Of Undiagnosed Hypertension Patients, Jenscena Hansen, Chris Bell May 2024

Implementing A Standardized Protocol For Early Detection Of Undiagnosed Hypertension Patients, Jenscena Hansen, Chris Bell

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects: College of Nursing

Introduction: Hypertension is a preventable disease that frequently goes unrecognized and undertreated. Early diagnosis can prevent further comorbidities such as heart disease, stroke, and chronic kidney disease. Implementation of this protocol aims to decrease the number of patients with undiagnosed hypertension and increase the identification of patients with elevated blood pressure who did not have a pre-existing diagnosis of hypertension. The goal of implementing a standardized protocol would help eliminate the number of patients who go undiagnosed.

Methods: This quality improvement design had clinical staff flag patients with elevated blood pressure. Identified patients without a diagnosis of hypertension were educated …


Perceived Barriers Of Early Mobilization In The Intensive Care Unit, Melissa Sonderman, Emily Miles, Joshua Ferge May 2024

Perceived Barriers Of Early Mobilization In The Intensive Care Unit, Melissa Sonderman, Emily Miles, Joshua Ferge

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects: College of Nursing

Purpose

Early mobilization of Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients can improve patient outcomes but also includes barriers to implementation. Nebraska Medicine has continued to have ongoing quality improvement initiatives like the ABCDEF liberation bundles and early mobilization that have been attempted but have never fully come to fruition. This project surveys Nebraska Medicines ICUs staff to better understand attitudes, knowledge and behavior regarding early mobilization using a validated tool. The aim was to identify barriers, so the organization could better understand the needs of ICU staff for future implementations of early mobility and related assessment tools.

Materials and Methods

A …


Designing Effective E-Learning Modules: Exploring Best Practices In Module Navigation, Stacie Mae Larreau Christensen, Lukas Pohlmann, Elizabeth Lyden, Elizabeth L. Beam, Stephanie Langel Feb 2024

Designing Effective E-Learning Modules: Exploring Best Practices In Module Navigation, Stacie Mae Larreau Christensen, Lukas Pohlmann, Elizabeth Lyden, Elizabeth L. Beam, Stephanie Langel

Posters and Presentations: Physical Therapy

No abstract provided.


Search Strategies For "Community Engagement Definition And Evaluation For Cancer Center: Scoping Review", Heidi Keeler, Brooke Fitzpatrick, Nicole Carritt, Emma Hymel, Josiane Kabayundo, Jordan Mccullough, Krishtee Napit, Regina Idoate, Shinobu Watanabe-Galloway Jan 2024

Search Strategies For "Community Engagement Definition And Evaluation For Cancer Center: Scoping Review", Heidi Keeler, Brooke Fitzpatrick, Nicole Carritt, Emma Hymel, Josiane Kabayundo, Jordan Mccullough, Krishtee Napit, Regina Idoate, Shinobu Watanabe-Galloway

Search Strategies

No abstract provided.


Editorial Welcome, Stacy Smallfield, Nancy Krusen, Nicole Martino Jan 2024

Editorial Welcome, Stacy Smallfield, Nancy Krusen, Nicole Martino

Translational Science in Occupation

No abstract provided.


How To Create This Gynecological Task Trainer, Jami Monico, Karen S. Carlson Jan 2024

How To Create This Gynecological Task Trainer, Jami Monico, Karen S. Carlson

Posters and Presentations: Obsetrics & Gynecology

This document contains instructions for how to create a gynecological task trainer with a 3D-printed uterus and silicone cervix.


Translational Science Is Occupation, Stacy Smallfield, Wanda J. Mahoney Jan 2024

Translational Science Is Occupation, Stacy Smallfield, Wanda J. Mahoney

Translational Science in Occupation

No abstract provided.


Intersections Of Occupational Therapy And Translational Science, M Nicole Martino Jan 2024

Intersections Of Occupational Therapy And Translational Science, M Nicole Martino

Translational Science in Occupation

No abstract provided.


Knowledge Translation Through A Camera Lens, Nancy E. Krusen Jan 2024

Knowledge Translation Through A Camera Lens, Nancy E. Krusen

Translational Science in Occupation

The journal Translational Science in Occupation (TSO) embraces art and science through the inclusion of a humanities section within the journal. Health humanities gives insight into the human condition (Health Humanities Consortium, 2021). Health humanities enables us to explore daily life occupation, reveal our similarities and differences, and to translate human experience through a variety of media. The following photographs represent concepts of knowledge translation through my camera lens.


Exploring The Usefulness Of Pre-Visit Materials For Children With Autism At A Public Museum, Jennifer K. Fortuna, Elaine Chamberlain, Libby Filice, Madeline Kurt, Taylor Porter, Shannon Twichell, Stephanie Ogren Jan 2024

Exploring The Usefulness Of Pre-Visit Materials For Children With Autism At A Public Museum, Jennifer K. Fortuna, Elaine Chamberlain, Libby Filice, Madeline Kurt, Taylor Porter, Shannon Twichell, Stephanie Ogren

Translational Science in Occupation

Abstract

Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) participate in community-based settings at lower rates than typically developing children. Museums provide a structured, predictable, and supportive place for children with ASD to learn. Visiting a museum may create unique challenges for children with ASD and their families. Sensory processing disorder (SPD) is a common barrier to participation that makes it difficult to process information coming in through the senses. For children who are easily overstimulated, crowds, noise, and long lines can be a source of anxiety and stress. Providing pre-visit materials such as social stories, accessibility maps, and communication books can …


Pilot Study Evaluating A Brief Chronic Pain Education Program In Occupational Therapy Practitioners, Occupational Therapy Students, And Lay People, Rose Mcandrew, Jacob Sturtevant, Vicki K. Kaskutas Jan 2024

Pilot Study Evaluating A Brief Chronic Pain Education Program In Occupational Therapy Practitioners, Occupational Therapy Students, And Lay People, Rose Mcandrew, Jacob Sturtevant, Vicki K. Kaskutas

Translational Science in Occupation

Background: Chronic pain and resultant disability can persist long after tissue healing. Past research suggests educating individuals about chronic pain is efficacious in changing knowledge, health beliefs, and healthcare utilization. This study piloted an educational intervention to teach participants about the nature of chronic, nociplastic pain.

Design: Pre-post study using three groups: occupational therapy (OT) practitioners, OT students, and lay people.

Methods: Participants rated their agreement with four statements pre-intervention regarding the relationship between chronic pain, tissue damage, and activity performance to ascertain accurate knowledge. Participants were presented with studies comparing acute and chronic pain and acknowledging that some people …


Evaluation Of A Student Experiential Learning Clinic For Hand Therapy Using A Logic Model, Rose Mcandrew, Nathaniel Baniqued, Vicki Kaskutas Jan 2024

Evaluation Of A Student Experiential Learning Clinic For Hand Therapy Using A Logic Model, Rose Mcandrew, Nathaniel Baniqued, Vicki Kaskutas

Translational Science in Occupation

Student clinics (SC) provide experiential learning opportunities in occupational therapy (OT) education that develop clinical reasoning, while providing much needed rehabilitation to under and un-insured patients in the community. The Student Experiential Learning Clinic for Hand Therapy (SELC-HT) is a SC that used a logic model for planning, implementing, and evaluating the SELC-HT. The purpose of this study is to report on outcome data on students and patients, as outlined in the evaluation phase of the logic model.

The 13 OT master/doctorate students, who delivered care in the SELC-HT, demonstrated growth in self-reported hand therapy knowledge (p=0.002) measured with …


Exploratory Analysis Of The Spatial Distribution Of Adult Glioma Age-Adjusted County Incidence Rates, Nebraska Medicine, 2009-2019, Kendra Ratnapradipa, Amulya Yellala, Nicole Shonka Jan 2024

Exploratory Analysis Of The Spatial Distribution Of Adult Glioma Age-Adjusted County Incidence Rates, Nebraska Medicine, 2009-2019, Kendra Ratnapradipa, Amulya Yellala, Nicole Shonka

Journal Articles: Epidemiology

BACKGROUND: Central nervous system (CNS) cancers including gliomas have low incidence but high mortality. The age-adjusted incidence rate for CNS cancers is higher in Nebraska than nationally. This exploratory study was motivated by glioma patient inquiries about possible clustering of cases within the state to see if more in-depth investigation was warranted.

METHODS: Using electronic health records from Nebraska Medicine, we identified Nebraska adult (age ≥19) glioma patients diagnosed between January 1, 2009 and November 1, 2019. Patient residential addresses were geocoded, mapped, and combined with annual US Census data to compute age-adjusted incidence rates (AAIR) at the county level. …


Search Strategies For "Characterizing Metastatic Anogenital Squamous Cell Carcinoma In Immunosuppressed Patients: A Systematic Review", Sierra Thomas, Molly Antonson, Megan Wackel, Cynthia M. Schmidt, Ashley Wysong Jan 2024

Search Strategies For "Characterizing Metastatic Anogenital Squamous Cell Carcinoma In Immunosuppressed Patients: A Systematic Review", Sierra Thomas, Molly Antonson, Megan Wackel, Cynthia M. Schmidt, Ashley Wysong

Search Strategies

No abstract provided.


Quality Of Life Among Cancer Survivors: Comparison Of Multiple Cancers Using Icare2, Shinobu Watanabe-Galloway, Rachael L. Schmidt, Kendra Ratnapradipa, Kristin Dickinson, Abbey Fingeret, Whitney Goldner Jan 2024

Quality Of Life Among Cancer Survivors: Comparison Of Multiple Cancers Using Icare2, Shinobu Watanabe-Galloway, Rachael L. Schmidt, Kendra Ratnapradipa, Kristin Dickinson, Abbey Fingeret, Whitney Goldner

Manuscripts: Epidemiology

Background: The number of cancer survivors continues to increase due to dramatic improvements in cancer treatment, accounting for approximately 5% of the entire population. As cancer survivors continue to live longer, it is important to understand their quality of life (QoL) in order to maximize supportive care efforts.

Objectives: In this study, the quality of life (QoL) among patients with different types of cancer was examined. The objectives were to: 1) compare patient-reported outcome measures of QoL using the Short-Form (SF-36) Health Survey scores among patients of different cancer types and 2) identify demographic, oncologic, and clinical factors that are …


Campus Ornament, Arianne Marcoux Dec 2023

Campus Ornament, Arianne Marcoux

Graduate Medical Education Research Journal

NA


With Great Power Comes Great Responsibility: Ai And Its Future In Medical Education, Faruq Pradhan, Prasanth Ravipati, Zachary P. Slocum Dec 2023

With Great Power Comes Great Responsibility: Ai And Its Future In Medical Education, Faruq Pradhan, Prasanth Ravipati, Zachary P. Slocum

Graduate Medical Education Research Journal

NA


Massive Upper Gi Bleeding From Duodenal Invasion Of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Successfully Treated With Embolization And Hemospray®, Patrick Twohig, Erin Walsh, Amy Calderon Dec 2023

Massive Upper Gi Bleeding From Duodenal Invasion Of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Successfully Treated With Embolization And Hemospray®, Patrick Twohig, Erin Walsh, Amy Calderon

Graduate Medical Education Research Journal

Direct invasion of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) into the duodenum is a unique and life-threatening complication of HCC that has been rarely reported. A 60-year-old male with known HCC and cirrhosis presented with melena. Computed tomography of the abdomen and pelvis showed a 7cm hepatic mass abutting the duodenum. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy demonstrated a large, actively oozing mass in the duodenum treated with Hemospray® followed by transarterial embolization (TAE). Active upper gastrointestinal bleeding due to duodenal invasion of HCC can be successfully treated with Hemospray® Endoscopic Hemostat and TAE.


Perceptions Of Medical Students By Using Internal Medicine Educational Environment Measure (Imeem) In A Rural Affiliated Teaching Hospital, Sirayut Waramit Dec 2023

Perceptions Of Medical Students By Using Internal Medicine Educational Environment Measure (Imeem) In A Rural Affiliated Teaching Hospital, Sirayut Waramit

Graduate Medical Education Research Journal

Background and Objectives: Students’ perception of the educational setting is an important source for improving and applying changes to the medical educational environment. This study aimed to determine how medical students perceive the important factors of the learning environment in Internal Medicine at a rural affiliated teaching hospital.

Methods: This was a descriptive study carried out in the Department of Medicine, Sakon Nakhon Hospital, Thailand, from May 2021 to April 2023. Sixth-year medical students completed a validated Internal Medicine Education Environment Measure (IMEEM) questionnaire at the end of four weeks of learning the Clerkship Internal Medicine course.

Results: A …


Enhancing Dissemination At Medical Conferences: A Cross-Disciplinary Approach For Learners, Raquel Lamarche, Jasmine R. Marcelin Dec 2023

Enhancing Dissemination At Medical Conferences: A Cross-Disciplinary Approach For Learners, Raquel Lamarche, Jasmine R. Marcelin

Graduate Medical Education Research Journal

Empowering novice authors, particularly trainees and learners, this perspective piece integrates a cross-disciplinary approach to bolster scholarly dissemination at medical conferences. Through a tripartite methodology — Innovate, Implement, and Influence — the article first delves into innovation, offering four essential heuristics sourced from diverse fields, guiding the germination of ideas. Next, it demystifies the transformation of these ideas into research abstracts through a structured blueprint. The finale encompasses strategies to create compelling presentations that resonate with audiences. Woven throughout is an emphasis on craftsman-like precision in idea execution, fostering relationships, and engaging genuinely with content while maintaining audience-centricity. This blueprint …


Prostatic Utricle Presenting As A Midline Scrotal Mass, Kaitlyn E. Schultis, Bryant Van Leeuwen, John Makari Dec 2023

Prostatic Utricle Presenting As A Midline Scrotal Mass, Kaitlyn E. Schultis, Bryant Van Leeuwen, John Makari

Graduate Medical Education Research Journal

The prostatic utricle is a remnant of the Müllerian duct located within the verumontanum. An enlarged, clinically significant prostatic utricle has classically been associated with hypospadias. Prostatic utricles often present with persistent lower urinary tract symptoms, recurrent infections, and urinary incontinence. We present a prostatic utricle that presented as a scrotal mass concerning for rhabdomyosarcoma in a male with normal external genitalia.


Recurrent Polymicrobial Bloodstream Infections As Harbingers Of A Duodenal-Inferior Vena Cava Fistula, Gregory E. Koval, Richard J. Hankins, Jasmine R. Marcelin Dec 2023

Recurrent Polymicrobial Bloodstream Infections As Harbingers Of A Duodenal-Inferior Vena Cava Fistula, Gregory E. Koval, Richard J. Hankins, Jasmine R. Marcelin

Graduate Medical Education Research Journal

This is a case of an 82-year-old patient who presented with recurrent polymicrobial bloodstream infections and no obvious undrained source of infection. She had prior double barrel iliocaval stenting for post thrombotic syndrome. The patient underwent exploratory laparotomy and primary repair of a duodenal-caval fistula with a fascia lata patch and an omental pedicle flap. No further bloodstream infections were documented after the repair. This discussion highlights an uncommon complication of IVC stenting, its presentation as well as the operative approach used to repair the fistula.


Perceived Importance Of Ultrasound Vascular Access Education Among Residents, Raquel Lamarche, Jared Marx, Jihyun Ma, Stephanie Claudy Dec 2023

Perceived Importance Of Ultrasound Vascular Access Education Among Residents, Raquel Lamarche, Jared Marx, Jihyun Ma, Stephanie Claudy

Graduate Medical Education Research Journal

Background: Peripheral intravenous catheter (PIVC) failure and difficult intravenous access (DIVA) are pervasive issues causing patient suffering and increased costs. Despite their prevalence, there is a gap in internal medicine and pediatric resident training to manage these challenges effectively.

Objective: This study aimed to assess the value of ultrasound-guided-PIVC (USGPIVC) education for internal medicine and pediatric residents and the impact of a 1-hour multidisciplinary workshop on their knowledge and confidence.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey study was conducted at an academic medical center in 2022 to assess residents’ perceptions of USG-PIVC education. This was followed by a USG-PIVC simulation-based workshop with …


How To Write A Manuscript: A Guide For Trainees, Yuqian Tian, Ivy N. Haskins Dec 2023

How To Write A Manuscript: A Guide For Trainees, Yuqian Tian, Ivy N. Haskins

Graduate Medical Education Research Journal

This is a simple guide for trainees to learn how to write and publish a manuscript. We aim to introduce new trainees to the steps of publishing a manuscript and provide advice to increase their chances of manuscript acceptance.


Improving Intimate Partner Violence Screening In A Women’S Health Practice Through Implementation Of An Evidence-Based Screening Tool, Jasmine Weber Dec 2023

Improving Intimate Partner Violence Screening In A Women’S Health Practice Through Implementation Of An Evidence-Based Screening Tool, Jasmine Weber

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects: College of Nursing

The purpose of this quality improvement project was to implement intimate partner violence screening in an outpatient women’s health clinic with no prior screening process in place. Current recommendations are to screen all reproductive age women for intimate partner violence 6 . During a three-month period 170 patients out of 260 eligible patients were screened using the HARK screening tool, 7 of those patients screened positive and were offered referrals to social work. While universal IPV screening was not achieved, a screening rate of 64% is a remarkable improvement from an apparent absence of screening prior to project implementation.


Examining The Impact Of Adverse Childhood Experiences (Aces) On Breast And Colorectal Cancer Screening Behaviors In Adulthood, Meagan A. Kraft Dec 2023

Examining The Impact Of Adverse Childhood Experiences (Aces) On Breast And Colorectal Cancer Screening Behaviors In Adulthood, Meagan A. Kraft

Capstone Experience

Objective: To investigate the relationship between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and screening for breast and colorectal cancer in adulthood.

Methods: This cross-sectional study utilized nationwide survey data from the 2022 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). Data regarding ACEs and compliance with breast and colorectal cancer screening guidelines were analyzed from 12 states. Weighted logistic regression models were used to assess the relationship between ACEs and breast cancer screening compliance in a population of 18,369 women, and colorectal cancer screening compliance in a population of 30,884 men and women. Screening compliance among those with a high ACE score was compared …


Associations Between Long Covid And Healthcare Access: A Cross-Sectional Analysis Of The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (Brfss) 2022, Tiffany Elliott Dec 2023

Associations Between Long Covid And Healthcare Access: A Cross-Sectional Analysis Of The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (Brfss) 2022, Tiffany Elliott

Capstone Experience

Objective. To evaluate the association of healthcare access with Long COVID and clinical and sociodemographic factors.

Methods. Data were from the CDC's 2022 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) surveys regarding four measures of healthcare access and Long COVID. There were 25,549 respondents who reported Long COVID and 95,830 respondents who did not report Long COIVD.

Results. 25,549 (22.0%) of respondents reported Long COVID. Significant associations were found in respondents with public health insurance and delayed medical care due to cost. Those with chronic health conditions were more likely to report Long COVID. Women, certain racial/ethnic groups, …


Association Between Frequent Mental Distress And Insurance Status Using The 2022 Brfss, Christina Clayson Dec 2023

Association Between Frequent Mental Distress And Insurance Status Using The 2022 Brfss, Christina Clayson

Capstone Experience

Objectives

Determine if there is a direct relationship between frequent mental distress and health insurance coverage.

Methods

Data from the 2022 BRFSS was used to calculate adjusted percentages. Crude odds ratios for both mental distress and insurance coverage. Multivariate analysis calculated crude and adjusted odds ratios for frequent mental distress by insurance coverage with income as a covariate.

Results

Individuals reporting frequent mental distress had lower income, less education, and were younger. Individuals without health insurance were more likely to be younger, Hispanic, and not have graduated high school. There was no significant association between frequent mental distress and not …