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Articles 1 - 30 of 4923

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

A Pilot Intervention Combining Assessment And Feedback With Communication Training And Behavioral Nudges To Increase Hpv Vaccine Uptake., Andrea Bradley-Ewing, Brian R. Lee, Jason N. Doctor, Georgann Meredith, Kathy Goggin, Angela Myers Dec 2022

A Pilot Intervention Combining Assessment And Feedback With Communication Training And Behavioral Nudges To Increase Hpv Vaccine Uptake., Andrea Bradley-Ewing, Brian R. Lee, Jason N. Doctor, Georgann Meredith, Kathy Goggin, Angela Myers

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Human papillomavirus (HPV) causes >40,000 cancer diagnoses each year, yet vaccination rates remain low because widespread implementation of strategies to increase vaccinations has not occurred. Behavioral nudges have demonstrated efficacy in improving uptake of desired behaviors in health care settings but have not been tested for increasing HPV vaccinations. We assessed the impact of an intervention combining behavioral nudges with other proven strategies (i.e., assessment and feedback, provider communication training) on HPV vaccination rates and parental satisfaction in four Midwestern pediatric, outpatient practices. Practices were randomly assigned to receive either assessment and feedback or assessment and feedback combined ...


Moving Through Loss: The Experience Of Ambiguous Loss With Hospitalized Children, The Development Of A Method, Peyton Edington May 2022

Moving Through Loss: The Experience Of Ambiguous Loss With Hospitalized Children, The Development Of A Method, Peyton Edington

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

The current method examined the effects of ambiguous loss with medical transplant patients in a pediatric hospital by utilizing a dance/movement therapy intervention. The development of this method was based on ambiguous loss theory with a dance/movement therapy approach. The explored literature identified central themes of ambiguous loss, such as resilience. These themes were connected to the practice of dance/movement therapy, such as embodiment. With this connection, the intervention was developed and implemented with participants. The central themes that emerged from the intervention were change, loss, meaning-making, and hope. One child and two adolescents were participants in ...


Cathelicidin Anti-Microbial Peptide (Camp) Is Toxic During Neonatal Influenza Virus Infection, Nneka Ugwu May 2022

Cathelicidin Anti-Microbial Peptide (Camp) Is Toxic During Neonatal Influenza Virus Infection, Nneka Ugwu

St. Chris Research Day

No abstract provided.


Pre And Post Covid-19 Trends In Adolescent Lower Extremity Tendonitis, Lacee Collins, Naomi Brown May 2022

Pre And Post Covid-19 Trends In Adolescent Lower Extremity Tendonitis, Lacee Collins, Naomi Brown

St. Chris Research Day

No abstract provided.


Waterhouse-Friederichsen Syndrome As A Complication Of Pediatric Covid-19 Infection: A Case Report, Erin Cohen, Jordy Salcedo-Giraldo, Elizabeth Grund, Swetha Madhavarapu May 2022

Waterhouse-Friederichsen Syndrome As A Complication Of Pediatric Covid-19 Infection: A Case Report, Erin Cohen, Jordy Salcedo-Giraldo, Elizabeth Grund, Swetha Madhavarapu

St. Chris Research Day

No abstract provided.


The First Ten Minutes: Emergency Preparedness In The Outpatient Pediatric Office, Shareen Kelly, Sujung Kim, Brian Novi, Paige Jarmuz, Michele Bresler, Catherine Clauss, Anna Pak May 2022

The First Ten Minutes: Emergency Preparedness In The Outpatient Pediatric Office, Shareen Kelly, Sujung Kim, Brian Novi, Paige Jarmuz, Michele Bresler, Catherine Clauss, Anna Pak

St. Chris Research Day

No abstract provided.


Action (Advanced Cardiac Therapies Improving Outcomes Network), An International Collaborative Network For Improving Outcome Of Children With Heart Failure, Michaela Mccrudden, Nandini Madan, Randy Stevens, Amir Toib May 2022

Action (Advanced Cardiac Therapies Improving Outcomes Network), An International Collaborative Network For Improving Outcome Of Children With Heart Failure, Michaela Mccrudden, Nandini Madan, Randy Stevens, Amir Toib

St. Chris Research Day

No abstract provided.


Combination Of Topical Tacrolimus, Antioxidants, And Probiotics In The Treatment Of Periorbital Vitiligo, Ali Chaudhry May 2022

Combination Of Topical Tacrolimus, Antioxidants, And Probiotics In The Treatment Of Periorbital Vitiligo, Ali Chaudhry

St. Chris Research Day

No abstract provided.


Ugrc 2021 Recommendations On Gme Transition: Pros And Cons, Opportunities And Limitations., John R Gimpel, Jennifer L Swails, Jessica L Bienstock, Grant L Lin, Michelle A Roett, Juhee Patel Do, Daniel W Giang May 2022

Ugrc 2021 Recommendations On Gme Transition: Pros And Cons, Opportunities And Limitations., John R Gimpel, Jennifer L Swails, Jessica L Bienstock, Grant L Lin, Michelle A Roett, Juhee Patel Do, Daniel W Giang

Department of Pediatrics

The Coalition for Physician Accountability's Undergraduate Medical Education-Graduate Medical Education (UME-GME) Review Committee (UGRC): Recommendations for Comprehensive Improvement of the UME-GME Transition final report includes a total of 34 recommendations and outlines opportunities to transform the current processes of learner transition from a US-based MD- or DO-granting medical school or international medical education pathway into residency training in the United States. This review provides a reflection on the recommendations from the authors, all members of the UGRC, describing the pros and cons and the opportunities and limitations, in the hopes that they might inspire readers to dig deeper into ...


Outcome Of Newborn Hearing Screening Program In A Tertiary Care Centre, South India., S. Sija, V. K. Gireeshan, V. T. Ajith Kumar Professor And Head Of The Department, T. V. Rajesh Additional Professor May 2022

Outcome Of Newborn Hearing Screening Program In A Tertiary Care Centre, South India., S. Sija, V. K. Gireeshan, V. T. Ajith Kumar Professor And Head Of The Department, T. V. Rajesh Additional Professor

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

Objective

To determine the coverage and outcome of Universal Newborn Hearing Screening (UNHS) Program in Government Medical College Manjeri, South India. To study the prevalence of hearing loss (HL) among those children screened, to describe the characteristics of confirmed cases, and the status of speech and language development acquired by them at follow up.

Design

Hospital based retro prospective study.

Methods

Data were collected from all newborns who underwent Universal Newborn Hearing Screening (UNHS) over a four-year period (November 2014 to October 2018). Cases with confirmed hearing loss were studied by pre-structured questionnaire and telephonic interview. Speech and language assessments ...


Variation In Thiopurine Metabolism In Hispanic Children, Kayeleigh Higgerson Do May 2022

Variation In Thiopurine Metabolism In Hispanic Children, Kayeleigh Higgerson Do

Research Days

Background: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common childhood cancer. Overall survival rate is > 90% in the United States. However, ethnic and racial disparities remain. Hispanic patients have an inferior overall survival compared to non-Hispanics. The reasons for these differences remain unclear. Mercaptopurine (6MP) is a crucial drug in ALL treatment. Variations in the TMPT and NUDT15 genes lead to altered 6MP metabolism and accumulation of toxic metabolites (6TGN or 6MMPN). Each metabolite is associated with specific dose-limiting toxicities. The accumulation of 6TGN causes myelosuppression, and increased 6MMPN causes GI toxicity. While variants in these genes have been identified ...


Potassium Status In Pediatric Chronic Kidney Disease, Katherine L. Kurzinski May 2022

Potassium Status In Pediatric Chronic Kidney Disease, Katherine L. Kurzinski

Research Days

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Background: Potassium trends are well described in adult chronic kidney disease (CKD) and hyperkalemia is known to be associated with increased disease progression, morbidity, and mortality. Large scale studies assessing potassium trends and the prevalence of hyperkalemia in pediatric CKD have not been performed.

Objectives/Goal: We aimed to characterize median serum potassium levels and the prevalence of hyperkalemia for each CKD stage using the CKiD cohort. The relationship of serum potassium and hyperkalemia with patient demographics, CKD etiology (glomerular or non-glomerular), presence of acidosis, and degree of proteinuria was also evaluated.

Methods/Design: Median ...


Association Of Rare Variants In Kidney Developmental Genes With Hypertension And Ckd: A Uk Biobank Study, Benjamin L. Spector May 2022

Association Of Rare Variants In Kidney Developmental Genes With Hypertension And Ckd: A Uk Biobank Study, Benjamin L. Spector

Research Days

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Background: Prior studies show chronic kidney disease (CKD) is heritable but only a few common variants have been associated with CKD and kidney dysfunction. Much of CKD heritability remains unknown and limited studies have explored the role of rare genetic variants in this missing heritability.

Objectives/Goal: Identify rare genetic variants in renal developmental genes associated with hypertension and CKD.

Methods/Design: We examined the association between rare variants in 58 candidate genes from five renal developmental compartments and presence of CKD and elevated blood pressure (BP) in 49,989 individuals using whole exome sequencing ...


Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Erica Wee May 2022

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Erica Wee

Research Days

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Background The prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) in youth has increased significantly over the past decades secondary to the increased prevalence of obesity. Epidemiologic data estimates that the incidence of youth-onset T2D increased 5% per year between 2002 and 2012. Recent studies have shown that childhood obesity increased with the COVID-19 pandemic. However, if this resulted in increased incidence of T2D has not been well-reported.

Objectives: This study seeks to evaluate new-onset T2D in youth during the COVID-19 pandemic (March 2020 to February 2021). We examined the frequency of new-onset T2D and proportion ...


Wilms Tumor Presenting With Spontaneous Necrosis And Clostridium Perfringens Co-Infection, Ronald Palmen, Abbey Elsbernd, Kristin Palmen May 2022

Wilms Tumor Presenting With Spontaneous Necrosis And Clostridium Perfringens Co-Infection, Ronald Palmen, Abbey Elsbernd, Kristin Palmen

Research Days

Background: Wilm’s Tumor (WT) is the most common renal malignancy of childhood. The initial presentation of WT may mimic infection or other malignancies with nonspecific symptoms including fever, abdominal/flank pain, or hematuria. This poses a diagnostic challenge for providers, particularly when both infection and malignancy are observed. We describe a case of WT with spontaneous necrosis initially obscured by overlying Clostridium perfringens infection, making diagnosis of the cancer difficult.

Case Description: A previously healthy 5-year-old girl presented to the emergency department with a two-day history of left flank pain and fevers. In the emergency department, she was tachycardic ...


Increasing Incentive Spirometry Use In Patients With Sickle Cell Disease Admitted To Children’S Mercy Hospital, Thomas Cochran, Alexandra Prosser May 2022

Increasing Incentive Spirometry Use In Patients With Sickle Cell Disease Admitted To Children’S Mercy Hospital, Thomas Cochran, Alexandra Prosser

Research Days

Background: Acute chest syndrome is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in patients with sickle cell disease. The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) provides specific recommendations for providing ten breaths of incentive spirometry (IS) every two hours while awake for patients with sickle cell disease to help prevent development of acute chest syndrome.

Problem Statement: We reviewed provision of incentive spirometry at Children’s Mercy between 08/01/2021 and 11/01/2021. Data was collected and the target population was identified via a report generated from the electronic medical records with specific criteria. Of ...


Case Series: Bone Marrow Failure In Teen Siblings With Unique Rps19 Variant, Alexandra Prosser May 2022

Case Series: Bone Marrow Failure In Teen Siblings With Unique Rps19 Variant, Alexandra Prosser

Research Days

Background: Upon diagnosis of aplastic anemia, inherited bone marrow failure syndromes and acquired etiologies must be considered. Investigating causality is particularly important when multiple family members are affected. It is also essential to identify novel causative genetic variants of bone marrow failure to direct treatment in these patients.

Objectives: To describe the diagnosis and management of siblings who presented two weeks apart with severe pancytopenia and were diagnosed with severe aplastic anemia.

Methods: The first patient is a 13-year-old non-binary female who presented with severe pancytopenia on routine labs. Bone marrow biopsy revealed marked hypocellularity (0-10%) with hypoplasia. The second ...


Memory T Cell Populations In Human Leukemia, Sara Mcelroy May 2022

Memory T Cell Populations In Human Leukemia, Sara Mcelroy

Research Days

Background: Incorporating the immune system into cancer management is an area of robust research. Treatment modalities aimed at activating cytotoxic T cells against malignancies include immune checkpoint inhibitors, bispecific T-cell engagers, and chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) tumor-specific T cells. Most anti-cancer T cell research is narrowly focused, but knowledge about the nature of diverse sub-populations of T cells in cancer, particularly memory T cells, is vital prior to potential incorporation into therapies. T memory stem cells (Tscm) are of interest due to their longevity and powerful abilities of self-renewal and creating the full spectrum of memory CD8+ T cells, including ...


Quality Improvement Project To Improve Provider-To-Nursing Communication During Daily Rounds, Kayeleigh Higgerson Do, Sara Mcelroy Md May 2022

Quality Improvement Project To Improve Provider-To-Nursing Communication During Daily Rounds, Kayeleigh Higgerson Do, Sara Mcelroy Md

Research Days

Problem Statement/Question: We aim that by June 2021, our Heme/Onc resident service daily table rounds will include 80% of bedside nurses to improve communication between the provider team and bedside nurse.

Background/Project Intent (Aim Statement): Daily rounds on our Heme/Onc resident service include table rounds (discussion of overnight events and daily plan) and bedside rounds (team goes to see patients and relay daily plan). These rounds infrequently include the bedside nurse caring for the patient, leading to poor communication of the plan from the provider team. This is a problem, because it has the potential to ...


Treatment Of Recurrent Wilms Tumor With Irinotecan/Temozolomide, Meagan Vacek May 2022

Treatment Of Recurrent Wilms Tumor With Irinotecan/Temozolomide, Meagan Vacek

Research Days

Background: Despite improvement in relapse free survival (RFS) in recurrent Wilms tumor, the 4- year RFS rate for patients treated with vincristine/dactinomycin/doxorubicin is approximately 40%. Ifosfamide, carboplatin and etoposide are commonly used in relapsed solid tumors but have significant toxicities and require hospital admission for administration. Our patient focused on quality of life, and this led to exploration of other treatment options.

Objectives/Goal: Describe a case of multiply relapsed Wilms tumor with management on oral chemotherapy for improved quality of life and remission for almost 1 year.

Methods/Design: Case Report

Results: The patient is an 11-year-old ...


Acute Complications In Pediatric Patients With Diabetes Admitted With Isolated Diabetic Ketoacidosis, Isolated Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar State, And Mixed Hyperosmolar Diabetic Ketoacidosis, Erica Zarse May 2022

Acute Complications In Pediatric Patients With Diabetes Admitted With Isolated Diabetic Ketoacidosis, Isolated Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar State, And Mixed Hyperosmolar Diabetic Ketoacidosis, Erica Zarse

Research Days

Background: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state (HHS), and mixed DKA and HHS (hyperosmolar DKA) are hyperglycemic emergencies for which children with diabetes mellitus (DM) are admitted to the hospital. To date, there is little evidence to guide the management of pediatric diabetic patients with hyperosmolarity.

Objectives: The objective of this study is to compare the in-hospital complications at our institution in patients who have isolated DKA to those with a component of hyperosmolarity.

Methods: We reviewed medical records of patients from 01/2019 through 12/2020 admitted with DKA (serum bicarbonate ≤16 mEq/L) and/or HHS (blood glucose ...


Acute Kidney Injury In Youth With Diabetes Admitted With Isolated Diabetic Ketoacidosis, Isolated Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar State, And Hyperosmolar Diabetic Ketoacidosis: A Single Center Experience, Erica Zarse May 2022

Acute Kidney Injury In Youth With Diabetes Admitted With Isolated Diabetic Ketoacidosis, Isolated Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar State, And Hyperosmolar Diabetic Ketoacidosis: A Single Center Experience, Erica Zarse

Research Days

Background: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state (HHS) are hyperglycemic emergencies for which children are admitted to the hospital.

Objectives/Goal: Our objective was to compare acute kidney injury (AKI) between youth with isolated DKA to those with hyperosmolarity and explore associations to risk of AKI.

Methods/Design: Charts were reviewed from 01/2019 through 12/2020 for youth admitted with DKA (serum bicarbonate ≤16 mEq/L) and/or HHS (blood glucose ≥600 mg/dL and osmolality ≥320 mOsm/kg). Isolated HHS youth were combined with hyperosmolar DKA for analysis. AKI was defined as elevated creatinine level for age ...


The Racial And Ethnic Makeup Of The Asthma Clinical Trials Informing The 2020 Nhlbi Asthma Guidelines Update, Esosa Adah May 2022

The Racial And Ethnic Makeup Of The Asthma Clinical Trials Informing The 2020 Nhlbi Asthma Guidelines Update, Esosa Adah

Research Days

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Rationale: Black/African American and Hispanic people in the United States are disproportionately impacted by asthma with increased prevalence, morbidity, and mortality. However, these groups are often under-represented in asthma clinical and translational research studies which is a barrier to achieving health equity. We describe the racial/ethnic makeup of participants included in clinical trials which informed the recent 2020 National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute(NHLBI) asthma management guidelines focused update.

Methods: We identified clinical trials included within the 2020 NHLBI asthma management guidelines focused update. We determined the frequency (%) of studies reporting study ...


Variation In Laboratory & Radiographic Workup And Outcome In Children Hospitalized With Common Musculoskeletal Infections, Emily Bonanni May 2022

Variation In Laboratory & Radiographic Workup And Outcome In Children Hospitalized With Common Musculoskeletal Infections, Emily Bonanni

Research Days

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Background: Common pediatric musculoskeletal infections (MSKIs) require prompt recognition & treatment to prevent significant morbidity and mortality. Variation in initial workup of these infections & associations with clinical outcomes is not well studied and could aid development of evidence-based guidelines to provide high-value care for all MSKIs.

Objectives/Goal: Examine variation in initial lab testing & imaging obtained in patients hospitalized for common MSKIs and explore association with clinical outcomes (length of stay (LOS), cost, 30-day readmission).

Methods/Design: We performed a retrospective, multicenter cohort study of hospitalized children aged 6 months to 18 years with a diagnosis of acute osteomyelitis, septic arthritis or pyomyositis from 1/1/16 to 6/30/20 using the Pediatric Health Information System (PHIS) database. We collected rates of common lab testing (complete blood count [CBC], inflammatory marker [IM], blood culture) & radiographic studies (ultrasound [US], xray [XR], magnetic resonance imaging [MRI], computed tomography [CT] scan) obtained on hospital days 0 & 1. K-means clustering grouped hospitals based on frequency of which lab and imaging studies were obtained. Logistic regression was used to determine associations between overall cluster utilization & risk-adjusted patient outcomes.

Results: We identified 6597 children admitted from 44 hospitals with an included MSKI diagnosis. More than 50% were 2-10 years of age, with a majority being male (Table 1). Most children ( > 84%) had CBC or IM, with some variation across diagnoses. MRI and XR imaging were used most frequently (56 and 59%, respectively), also with variation across diagnoses (Table 1). Cluster 1 (n=15) showed slightly higher lab utilization and lower US use (Figure 1) with significantly shorter hospital LOS for patients with acute osteomyelitis (3.7 vs. 4.0 days, p-value 0.043; Table 2) but no significant difference in cost or readmission rates. There were no outcome differences for patients with septic arthritis or pyomyositis.

Conclusions: Despite a lack of universal practice guidelines in the work up & management of pediatric MSKIs, little variation existed in workup or outcomes across hospitals. This may be due to similar initial presentation of many MSKIs. Future investigation of differences in detailed patient-level clinical factors (e.g., lab results, vitals) on initial presentation or downstream hospital management could elucidate if associations with outcomes ...


Financial Outcomes By Severity Across Children's Hospitals, Jonathan Hartley May 2022

Financial Outcomes By Severity Across Children's Hospitals, Jonathan Hartley

Research Days

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Background: Hospitalizations represent a significant driver of healthcare costs for children. Little is known about how payor type and the severity of children cared for on the pediatric medical inpatient floor impact a hospital’s financial outcomes.

Objectives/Goal: The primary objective of this study is to compare financial outcomes of pediatric hospitalizations to the medical inpatient floor across patient severity quartiles. Secondary objectives included financial outcomes stratified by payor type across severity quartiles.

Methods/Design: Retrospective cohort study included children aged 0-18 years discharged during calendar year 2019 from hospitals that reported clinical information ...


Spending On Public Benefit Programs And Exposure To Adverse Childhood Experiences, Megan Collins May 2022

Spending On Public Benefit Programs And Exposure To Adverse Childhood Experiences, Megan Collins

Research Days

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Background: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been shown to be associated with poor health outcomes, and children living in poverty are more likely to experience ACEs. Our objective was to estimate the association between spending on benefit programs and cumulative exposure to ACEs among children.

Methods: This cross-sectional study examined state and federal spending, at the state-level, on 5 categories of public benefit programs: cash, housing, and in-kind assistance; housing infrastructure; childcare assistance; refundable Earned Income Tax Credit; and Medical Assistance Programs (e.g., Medicaid). The primary exposure was median annual spending per person living ...


Novel Potential Hsp40 Inhibitors Derived From A Natural Compound Plumbagin Effectively Deplete Mutant P53, Mohamed A.A. Alalem May 2022

Novel Potential Hsp40 Inhibitors Derived From A Natural Compound Plumbagin Effectively Deplete Mutant P53, Mohamed A.A. Alalem

Research Days

Background/Rationale: Accumulation of mutant p53 (mutp53) in cancer cells facilitates tumor progression. A member of J-domain proteins family (JDPs/HSP40), namely DNAJA1 was recently found to promote stabilization of unfolded mutp53 through preventing its degradation.

Objectives/Goal: Cancer cells are addicted to mutp53, therefore, targeting DNAJA1 or other members of JDP protein family could lead to inhibition of cancer progression via the depletion of mutp53. Thus, our goal is to investigate potential DNAJA1 inhibitors which could provide a promising approach for cancer therapy.

Methods/Design: In-silico molecular docking analysis was performed using a library of molecules derived from natural ...


Recurrent Primary Spontaneous Pneumothorax Masquerading As A Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformation In A Young Female, Chandra Swanson May 2022

Recurrent Primary Spontaneous Pneumothorax Masquerading As A Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformation In A Young Female, Chandra Swanson

Research Days

Background: Spontaneous pneumothoraxes in children are uncommon, may be idiopathic or associated with underlying pulmonary disease, and can present management challenges.

Objectives/Goal: We present a 12-year-old female with recurrent right sided spontaneous pneumothorax in the setting of an asymptomatic SARS-Co-V2 (COVID) infection and imaging concerning for congenital lobar overinflation (CLO) versus congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM), prompting surgical intervention.

Methods/Design: A literature review and chart review were completed for this case report.

Results: A 12-year-old pre-menstrual female with remote history of eczema, asthma, and environmental allergies presented from an outside facility with four-days of progressive chest pain and ...


Evaluating Caretaker Satisfaction With Same-Day Discharge After Gastrostomy Tube Placement, James A. Fraser Md, Shai Stewart Md, Kayla B. Briggs Md, Shawn D. St. Peter Md, Tolulope A. Oyetunji Md Mph May 2022

Evaluating Caretaker Satisfaction With Same-Day Discharge After Gastrostomy Tube Placement, James A. Fraser Md, Shai Stewart Md, Kayla B. Briggs Md, Shawn D. St. Peter Md, Tolulope A. Oyetunji Md Mph

Research Days

Background: Same-day discharge (SDD) after outpatient laparoscopic gastrostomy tube (G-tube) placement has been our standard institutional practice since 2017, following written and video-based preoperative education regarding G-tube use, maintenance, and exchange at the time of consultation.

Objectives/Goal: We aim to evaluate caretaker satisfaction with our same day discharge protocol following laparoscopic gastrostomy tube placement.

Methods/Design: Following IRB approval, all patients planned for SDD after G-tube placement from FebruarySeptember 2021 at a tertiary care academic center were identified. Retrospective chart review was performed to identify demographic information, successful same-day discharge or reason for postoperative admission, time to first postoperative ...


Barriers And Facilitators To Precision Medicine For Black Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Rachel Goodson May 2022

Barriers And Facilitators To Precision Medicine For Black Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Rachel Goodson

Research Days

Background: The field of pharmacogenomics (identification of biomarkers regarding drug metabolism and activity to inform precision prescribing) is rapidly advancing for individuals on the autism spectrum, but these advancements are not equitably benefiting all communities. Specifically, utilization data suggests that Black families may be less likely to have access to clinical precision medicine supports. Moreover, historic underrepresentation of African-descended populations in genetic reference samples means that emerging research on precision medicine will retain these biases and perpetuate disparities in downstream clinical benefit. These issues are especially relevant to the autism community, who are more likely to receive psychotropic medications that ...