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Articles 1 - 30 of 31976

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Examining The Use Of Expressive Arts Therapies In Neurorehabilitation Treatment Planning, Rebecca J. Horner May 2023

Examining The Use Of Expressive Arts Therapies In Neurorehabilitation Treatment Planning, Rebecca J. Horner

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

Those undergoing neurorehabilitation after stroke and traumatic brain injury report a diminished sense of overall wellness. This paper examines the conceivable benefits of introducing expressive arts therapies, which is the therapeutic use and combination of the visual arts, movement, drama, music, writing and other intermodal creative processes, into physical therapy and neurorehabilitation treatment planning. Expressive arts therapies have the capacity to engage with an individual’s physical, emotional, social and spiritual states concurrently. They simultaneously offer the ability to promote an increased sense of well-being, address mind-body disconnects, and process trauma non-verbally.

The sections of this narrative literature review focus ...


Pharmacokinetics Of Single Feeding Of Cannabidiol In Cattle: A Pilot Study, Haley Cornette Apr 2023

Pharmacokinetics Of Single Feeding Of Cannabidiol In Cattle: A Pilot Study, Haley Cornette

Honors College Theses

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a substance that has been used in complementary medicine for many years. However, modern medicine has little knowledge of how this substance is utilized and metabolized in ruminant animals. Regulations on quality assurance and use in animals are lacking, and CBD supplementation in livestock is not approved. If CBD supplements can be shown to be safe and effective, detection in the animal will be important for determining regulation of use. A withdrawal period can then be established to allow time for deterioration of product to safe levels before livestock products enter human markets. This study sought to ...


Targeting The Cerebrovasculature In Sepsis: A Focus On The Brain Microvascular Endothelium, Divine C. Nwafor Jan 2023

Targeting The Cerebrovasculature In Sepsis: A Focus On The Brain Microvascular Endothelium, Divine C. Nwafor

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a critical interface between the systemic circulation and the brain. It is a specialized multicellular unit composed of brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs), pericytes, a basement membrane, and astrocytic end foot processes. BMECs are a principal component of the BBB that provide the structural framework needed for the stringent transport of molecules into the brain. BMEC dysfunction permits the trafficking of neurotoxins from systemic circulation into the brain, which ultimately exacerbates BBB dysfunction and neuroinflammation. Studies have shown that BBB dysfunction is a key determinant of cognitive decline in sepsis. However, there are critical knowledge ...


The Emerging Epidemic Of Type 2 Diabetes And Obesity Amongst Young Children, Juliana Morales Dec 2022

The Emerging Epidemic Of Type 2 Diabetes And Obesity Amongst Young Children, Juliana Morales

Nursing | Senior Theses

Background:

In the past years childhood obesity has increased tremendously and currently ⅓ of children in the United States are obese today. Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes are illnesses that can later on lead to more severe health complications when as a child enters adulthood. Children who are obese have a greater risk of developing Type 2 diabetes, and currently more than 80% of children who already are diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes are obese. In school and often by health care providers we are told daily physical activity and healthy diet are the best ways to maintain optimal health ...


In Vivo Efficacy Of Pyrantel Pamoate As A Post-Exposure Prophylactic For Rat Lungworm (Angiostrongylus Cantonensis), John Jacob, Argon Steel, Lisa Kaluna, Steven Hess, Israel Leinbach, Carmen Antaky, Robert Sugihara, Lindsey Hamilton, Peter Follett, Kathleen Howe, Steven Jacquier, Supakit Wongwiwatthananukit, Susan Jarvi Aug 2022

In Vivo Efficacy Of Pyrantel Pamoate As A Post-Exposure Prophylactic For Rat Lungworm (Angiostrongylus Cantonensis), John Jacob, Argon Steel, Lisa Kaluna, Steven Hess, Israel Leinbach, Carmen Antaky, Robert Sugihara, Lindsey Hamilton, Peter Follett, Kathleen Howe, Steven Jacquier, Supakit Wongwiwatthananukit, Susan Jarvi

USDA Wildlife Services - Staff Publications

Rat lungworm (Angiostrongylus cantonensis) is a neurotropic nematode, and the leading cause of eosinophilic meningitis worldwide. The parasite is usually contracted through ingestion of infected gastropods, often hidden in raw or partially cooked produce. Pharmaceutical grade pyrantel pamoate was evaluated as a post-exposure prophylactic against A. cantonensis. Pyrantel pamoate is readily available over-the-counter in most pharmacies in the USA and possesses anthelmintic activity exclusive to the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). Administering pyrantel pamoate immediately after exposure should theoretically paralyze the larvae in the GIT, causing the larvae to be expelled via peristalsis without entering the systemic circulation. In this study, pyrantel ...


Utility Of The Motivation To Change Lifestyle And Health Behaviors For Dementia Risk Reduction Scale (Mclhb-Drr) Based On A North American Sample, Angelina E. Witbeck Jun 2022

Utility Of The Motivation To Change Lifestyle And Health Behaviors For Dementia Risk Reduction Scale (Mclhb-Drr) Based On A North American Sample, Angelina E. Witbeck

Dissertations

As the population ages, the prevalence rates of dementia continue to increase. Without a cure or promising treatment for dementia, the best course of lowering the prevalence rates of dementia is through preventative measures. Through an electronic survey, the study utilized the MCLHB-DRR scale to determine whether (1) gender, age, educational background, and socioeconomic status will impact the motivational factors to change lifestyle and health behaviors to reduce the risk of developing dementia and (2) direct experiences with individuals that have a dementia diagnosis are likely to impact one's motivational factors to change lifestyle and health behaviors to reduce ...


3d Patient-Derived Tumor Models To Recapitulate Pediatric Brain Tumors In Vitro., Min D Tang-Schomer, Harshpreet Chandok, Wei-Biao Wu, Ching C Lau, Markus J Bookland, Joshy George Jun 2022

3d Patient-Derived Tumor Models To Recapitulate Pediatric Brain Tumors In Vitro., Min D Tang-Schomer, Harshpreet Chandok, Wei-Biao Wu, Ching C Lau, Markus J Bookland, Joshy George

Faculty Research 2022

Brain tumors are the leading cause of cancer-related deaths in children. Tailored therapies need preclinical brain tumor models representing a wide range of molecular subtypes. Here, we adapted a previously established brain tissue-model to fresh patient tumor cells with the goal of establishing3D in vitro culture conditions for each tumor type.Wereported our findings from 11 pediatric tumor cases, consisting of three medulloblastoma (MB) patients, three ependymoma (EPN) patients, one glioblastoma (GBM) patient, and four juvenile pilocytic astrocytoma (Ast) patients. Chemically defined media consisting of a mixture of pro-neural and pro-endothelial cell culture medium was found to support better growth ...


Flippase Inhibitors As Antimicrobial Agents, Robert Tancer May 2022

Flippase Inhibitors As Antimicrobial Agents, Robert Tancer

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Drug resistant microbes are a considerable challenge for modern medicine to overcome. The research described in this dissertation involved development of lipid flippase inhibitors and investigating their potential as antimicrobial agents against various drug resistant microbes. The microbes primarily investigated were methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) & Cryptococcus neoformans. Chapter 1 reviews the historical perspective and summarizes the current state of the field of research. In Chapter 2, the design space of an antimicrobial peptide known as humimycin was explored and the effects of modifications on its structure were observed against MRSA. Several key observations resulted. Most notably, the nanoparticles formed ...


The Neurobiology Of The Healing Arts: Expressive Arts Therapy As An Effective Treatment For Adults Diagnosed With Complex Ptsd Due To Complex Trauma In Childhood: A Literature Review, Cheryl Ratliff May 2022

The Neurobiology Of The Healing Arts: Expressive Arts Therapy As An Effective Treatment For Adults Diagnosed With Complex Ptsd Due To Complex Trauma In Childhood: A Literature Review, Cheryl Ratliff

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

Empirically based therapies for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been found to be less effective in treating more severe trauma presentations such as complex PTSD (CPTSD). Neurobiological investigation provides a framework for examining the physical and psychological effects of trauma on brain and nerve structures and provides insight into how to effectively treat CPTSD. This literature review examined symptomology of CPTSD resulting from complex trauma in childhood, neurobiological effects of trauma and their implications for treatment, and the efficacy of the current treatment models, primarily those of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR), narrative exposure therapy (NET), and somatic psychotherapies ...


Boxed Lunches, Lunch May 2022

Boxed Lunches, Lunch

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Mathematics Of A Single-Locus Model For Assessing The Impacts Of Pyrethroid Resistance And Temperature On Population Abundance Of Malaria Mosquitoes, Jemal Mohammed-Awel May 2022

Mathematics Of A Single-Locus Model For Assessing The Impacts Of Pyrethroid Resistance And Temperature On Population Abundance Of Malaria Mosquitoes, Jemal Mohammed-Awel

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Modeling The Cardiovascular Dynamics Of Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome, Justen Geddes May 2022

Modeling The Cardiovascular Dynamics Of Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome, Justen Geddes

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Modeling Acute And Chronic Vascular Adaptations To A Major Arterial Occlusion, Erin O. Zhao May 2022

Modeling Acute And Chronic Vascular Adaptations To A Major Arterial Occlusion, Erin O. Zhao

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Modeling The Dynamics Of Usutu Virus Infection In Birds, Nora G. Heitzman-Breen May 2022

Modeling The Dynamics Of Usutu Virus Infection In Birds, Nora G. Heitzman-Breen

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Mathematical Model Of Subthalamic Nucleus Neuron - Characteristic Activity Patterns And Bifurcation Analysis, Choongseok Park, Sungwoo Ahn, Leonid Rubchinsky May 2022

Mathematical Model Of Subthalamic Nucleus Neuron - Characteristic Activity Patterns And Bifurcation Analysis, Choongseok Park, Sungwoo Ahn, Leonid Rubchinsky

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Epidemiological Assessment Of Wolbachia-Based Biocontrol For Reduction Of Dengue Morbidity, Olga Vasilieva, Oscar E. Escobar, Hector J. Martinez, Pierre-Alexandre Bliman, Yves Dumont May 2022

Epidemiological Assessment Of Wolbachia-Based Biocontrol For Reduction Of Dengue Morbidity, Olga Vasilieva, Oscar E. Escobar, Hector J. Martinez, Pierre-Alexandre Bliman, Yves Dumont

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Mechanical Parameters Fitting For Layer-Reduced Umbilical Arteries Used For Grafting, Kun Gou May 2022

Mechanical Parameters Fitting For Layer-Reduced Umbilical Arteries Used For Grafting, Kun Gou

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Mathematical Model Of Triple-Negative Breast Cancer In Response To Combination Chemotherapies, Angelica Davenport, Yun Lu, Carlos Gallegos, Adriana Massicano, Katherine Heinzman, Patrick Song, Anna Sorace, Nick Cogan May 2022

Mathematical Model Of Triple-Negative Breast Cancer In Response To Combination Chemotherapies, Angelica Davenport, Yun Lu, Carlos Gallegos, Adriana Massicano, Katherine Heinzman, Patrick Song, Anna Sorace, Nick Cogan

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Model Of Quarantine Implementation In An Animal Shelter For Canine Distemper Outbreak, Virginia Parkman, Nick Cogan May 2022

Model Of Quarantine Implementation In An Animal Shelter For Canine Distemper Outbreak, Virginia Parkman, Nick Cogan

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Coffee Break, Coffee Break May 2022

Coffee Break, Coffee Break

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Plenary: Cardiovascular Models In Vascular Disease, Mette Olufsen May 2022

Plenary: Cardiovascular Models In Vascular Disease, Mette Olufsen

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Using A Network Model To Control The Spread Of An Infectious Disease On A College Campus With Contact Tracing, Christopher R. Boyette May 2022

Using A Network Model To Control The Spread Of An Infectious Disease On A College Campus With Contact Tracing, Christopher R. Boyette

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


A Mathematical Model For Biological Field Effect Tranistors, Ryan M. Evans, Seulki Cho, Arvind Ballijepalli, Anthony Kearsley May 2022

A Mathematical Model For Biological Field Effect Tranistors, Ryan M. Evans, Seulki Cho, Arvind Ballijepalli, Anthony Kearsley

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Understanding Biofilm-Phage Interactions In Mathematical Framework, Blessing Emerenini May 2022

Understanding Biofilm-Phage Interactions In Mathematical Framework, Blessing Emerenini

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Optimal Intervention Strategies To Minimize Spread Of Infectious Diseases And Economic Impact On A Dynamic Small-World Network, Malindi Whyte, Danielle Dasilva May 2022

Optimal Intervention Strategies To Minimize Spread Of Infectious Diseases And Economic Impact On A Dynamic Small-World Network, Malindi Whyte, Danielle Dasilva

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


A Mathematical Model Of Microtubule Assembly And Polarity In Dendrites, Anna Nelson May 2022

A Mathematical Model Of Microtubule Assembly And Polarity In Dendrites, Anna Nelson

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of Slip On The Waves Of A Free Falling Highly Viscous Film Inside A Vertical Tube, Mark S. Schwitzerlett, Ihsan Topaloglu, H. Reed Ogrosky May 2022

The Effect Of Slip On The Waves Of A Free Falling Highly Viscous Film Inside A Vertical Tube, Mark S. Schwitzerlett, Ihsan Topaloglu, H. Reed Ogrosky

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Modeling Functional Redundancy In Microbial Community, Sandra Annie Tsiorintsoa May 2022

Modeling Functional Redundancy In Microbial Community, Sandra Annie Tsiorintsoa

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Coffee Break, Coffee Break May 2022

Coffee Break, Coffee Break

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Plenary: Knots In Biology And Fluid Dynamics, De Witt Sumners May 2022

Plenary: Knots In Biology And Fluid Dynamics, De Witt Sumners

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.