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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Assessing Faculty Preference Regarding Online Tools For Assessment In Medical Education: A Cross-Sectional Multi-Center Study, Zarreen Raza, Samira Adnan, Sanaa Ahmed, Zahid Memon, Saad Saleem, Ziyad Sanaullah Jan 2023

Assessing Faculty Preference Regarding Online Tools For Assessment In Medical Education: A Cross-Sectional Multi-Center Study, Zarreen Raza, Samira Adnan, Sanaa Ahmed, Zahid Memon, Saad Saleem, Ziyad Sanaullah

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: E-assessment is a novel practice in developing countries; hence it is essential to determine the online platforms and tools preferred by health sciences education faculty for online assessment. The purpose of this study was to assess the preference of faculty in medical and dental education regarding the online tools for e-assessment of undergraduate students. Methods: This cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted from June until August 2020 on the faculty of medical and dental undergraduate programs of private and public sector institutes across Karachi, with a sample size of 152. Data was collected through convenience sampling using a validated questionnaire …


What Are We Missing In Adult Obstructive Sleep Apnea Clinical Evaluation? Review Of Official Guidelines, Eduardo J. Correa, Carlos O´Connor-Reina, Laura Rodriguez-Alcalá, Diego M. Conti, Alberto Rabino, Peter M. Baptista, Maria-Teresa Garcia-Iriarte, Guillermo Plaza Jan 2023

What Are We Missing In Adult Obstructive Sleep Apnea Clinical Evaluation? Review Of Official Guidelines, Eduardo J. Correa, Carlos O´Connor-Reina, Laura Rodriguez-Alcalá, Diego M. Conti, Alberto Rabino, Peter M. Baptista, Maria-Teresa Garcia-Iriarte, Guillermo Plaza

International Journal of Orofacial Myology and Myofunctional Therapy

Purpose: This article presents a narrative review of current recommendations for the clinical evaluation and management of adult patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) to identify points missing from a myofunctional perspective.

Methods: The authors reviewed current official guidelines for adult patients with OSA, searching clinical evaluation and treatment recommendations for myofunctional therapy.

Results: None of the current guidelines for evaluation of adult OSA recommend performing a myofunctional evaluation. Only two guidelines consider myofunctional therapy (MFT) as a treatment modality for adult patients with OSA.

Conclusion: Despite the role of the pharyngeal dilator muscles as an …


Assessment Of The Effects Of Edentulousness On Temporomandibular Components By Using Cone Beam Computed Tomography, Büşra Arıkan, Numan Dedeoğlu, Şuayip Burak Duman Dec 2022

Assessment Of The Effects Of Edentulousness On Temporomandibular Components By Using Cone Beam Computed Tomography, Büşra Arıkan, Numan Dedeoğlu, Şuayip Burak Duman

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of edentulousness on the temporomandibular joint using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Methods: In this study, CBCT images were evaluated in a total of 48 patients (24 dentulous, 24 edentulous). Ninety-six temporomandibular joint CBCT images were examined. Eminence inclination, condyle head widths and joint space were measured and statistically compared between the edentulous and dentulous groups. Results: The articular eminence inclination value the mediolateral width of the condyle and the anteroposterior width of the condyle were found significantly higher in the dentulous group than in the edentulous group. …


Effect Of Preflaring On Accuracy Of Endodontic Length Determination By Four Electronic Apex Locators, Arash Izadi, Maliheh Bayandari, Ezatolah Kazeminejad Dec 2022

Effect Of Preflaring On Accuracy Of Endodontic Length Determination By Four Electronic Apex Locators, Arash Izadi, Maliheh Bayandari, Ezatolah Kazeminejad

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: Root canal anatomy significantly impacts the working length determination. This study aimed to investigate the effect of the preflaring technique on the accuracy of four electronic apex locators. Methods: Forty-five single-canal central maxillary teeth were selected. The working length was measured before and after the coronal preparation by four types of electronic apex locators in the range of ±0.5 and ±1 mm matched for the apical constriction. The actual working length was calculated under a microscope. Data were analyzed using ICC and paired t-tests in SPSS16. A p < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: The accuracies of Root ZX, DTE, Denjoy, and Coxo apex …


Three-Dimensional Evaluation Of The Mandibular Lingula On Cone-Beam Computed Tomographic Images In The Turkish Population, Zerrin Unal Erzurumlu, Damla Torul Dec 2022

Three-Dimensional Evaluation Of The Mandibular Lingula On Cone-Beam Computed Tomographic Images In The Turkish Population, Zerrin Unal Erzurumlu, Damla Torul

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: The purpose of this study was to provide morphometric and anatomical data for mandibular lingula (Li) in The Turkish population using three dimensional-cone beam computed tomography (3D-CBCT) images. Methods: CBCT images of the patients taken between July 2020 and March 2021, were retrieved from the archival records. A total of 100 Li’s of 50 patients who met the criteria of this study were evaluated. The distances between the tip of the Li and ramal landmarks/occlusal plane were measured and the shape of the Li was evaluated on 3D-CBCT images. Results: CBCT images of the 50 patients (19 males and …


Effect Of Different Surface Treatments And Application Times On Shear Bond Strength Between Polyetheretherketone And Composite Resin, Alper Ozdogan, Basak Topdagi Dec 2022

Effect Of Different Surface Treatments And Application Times On Shear Bond Strength Between Polyetheretherketone And Composite Resin, Alper Ozdogan, Basak Topdagi

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: To investigate the effect of various surface treatments and different application times on shear bond strength between polyetheretherketone and composite resin. Methods: A total of 110 disc-shaped polyetheretherketone specimens were randomly divided into 9 groups and 4 different surface treatments (control, sandblasting, tribochemical silica coating, sulfuric acid) were applied. The sandblasting, tribochemical silica coating, and sulfuric acid processes were performed 3 different times (10s, 15s, 20s). Then, the composite resins were applied to the treated surfaces of the polyetheretherketone specimens. The shear bond strength test and scanning electron microscopy analysis were performed. The data were statistically analyzed using …


Comparison Of Ultrasonography And Cone Beam Computed Tomography In The Differential Diagnosis Of Periapical Lesions: A Prospective Radiopathological Study, Gozde Serindere, Ceren Aktuna Belgin, Mert Bulte, Didar Gursoy, Fariz Salimov Dec 2022

Comparison Of Ultrasonography And Cone Beam Computed Tomography In The Differential Diagnosis Of Periapical Lesions: A Prospective Radiopathological Study, Gozde Serindere, Ceren Aktuna Belgin, Mert Bulte, Didar Gursoy, Fariz Salimov

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the correlation between ultrasonography (USG) and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and the accuracy between histopathological diagnosis and preliminary diagnosis in the diagnosis of periapical lesion. Methods: 20 patients with periapical lesion in the jaw, were included in the study. The presence of expansion or perforation and dimensions of the lesion were performed with CBCT. In the examination of the lesion with USG, shape, echogenicity, vascularization of the lesion and the presence of buccal expansion and perforation, were determined. Subsequently, a biopsy was taken from the lesion for histopathological examination and …


Stereomicroscopic Evaluation Of Dentinal Microcracks After Instrumentation Of Curved Canal With Rotary Files In Two Motions, Nupur Vasava, Shreya Modi, Chintan Joshi, Sweety Thumar, Anisha Parmar, Kruti Jadawala Dec 2022

Stereomicroscopic Evaluation Of Dentinal Microcracks After Instrumentation Of Curved Canal With Rotary Files In Two Motions, Nupur Vasava, Shreya Modi, Chintan Joshi, Sweety Thumar, Anisha Parmar, Kruti Jadawala

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: This study aimed to examine the effects of three distinct file systems with two motion types—rotary and reciprocation—on the development of dentinal microcracks after root canal preparation using a stereomicroscope. Methods: Sixty mandibular molars with a curvature of 30° were decoronated and divided into three groups (Vortex Blue, Mtwo, and ProTaper Next) and two subgroups (rotary and reciprocating motions). The samples were then instrumented with the files, dyed with 1% methylene blue dye, and sectioned horizontally at 3, 6, and 9 mm from the root apex. The dentinal microcracks were inspected using a stereomicroscope at 40× magnification. One-way analysis …


Evaluation Of Dentoskeletal And Pharyngeal Airway Changes After Treatment With Twin Block And Monoblock Appliance In Growing Patients, Esra Genc, Ahmet Karaman, Gülşah Püskül Dec 2022

Evaluation Of Dentoskeletal And Pharyngeal Airway Changes After Treatment With Twin Block And Monoblock Appliance In Growing Patients, Esra Genc, Ahmet Karaman, Gülşah Püskül

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: To compare of pharyngeal airway dimensions and dentoskeletal changes after treatment with twin block (TWB) and monoblock (MB) appliance in growing patients. Methods: The sample was comprised of a total of 72 patients at the ages of 10 to 13. The TWB group consisted of 36 patients (22 females, 14 males, mean age: 11.9±1.5) and MB group consisted of 36 patients (18 females, 18 males, mean age: 11.8±1.2). The linear and angular measurements were evaluated on lateral cephalometric radiographs at beginning (T0) and end of treatment (T1). Results: The amounts of increase in the inferior airway space, L1xNB, IMPA …


Clinical And Radiographic Features Of Nevoid Basal Cell Carcinoma Syndrome: A Case Report, G Subhas Babu, Devika S. Pillai, Shruthi Hegde, Padmaraj Hegde, Vidya Ajila Dec 2022

Clinical And Radiographic Features Of Nevoid Basal Cell Carcinoma Syndrome: A Case Report, G Subhas Babu, Devika S. Pillai, Shruthi Hegde, Padmaraj Hegde, Vidya Ajila

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Nevoid Basal Cell Carcinoma Syndrome, also called as Gorlin Gotz syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the presence of multiple odontogenic keratocysts (OKCs) of the jaw, basal cell carcinomas and skeletal anomalies. Presence of multiple OKCs is the first clinical manifestation in majority of the cases. Early diagnosis and treatment are of utmost importance in reducing the severity of this syndrome. We hereby report a rare case of Gorlin Goltz syndrome in a 28 years old female patient who presented with multiple cystic lesions in the jaws. Present case also highlights the clinical, radiographic and histopathologic features of …


Endodontic Management Of An Unusual Mandibular First Molar With Six Canals: A Case Report And Systematic Review, Sarah Ahmad, Syed Mukhtar -Un- Nisar Andrabi, Ashok Kumar, Surendra Kumar Mishra, Rajendra Kumar Tewari Dec 2022

Endodontic Management Of An Unusual Mandibular First Molar With Six Canals: A Case Report And Systematic Review, Sarah Ahmad, Syed Mukhtar -Un- Nisar Andrabi, Ashok Kumar, Surendra Kumar Mishra, Rajendra Kumar Tewari

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

The permanent mandibular first molar is frequently involved in conventional root canal treatment due to its function and position in the oral cavity. Additional root canals mandate accurate diagnosis and conservative management to prevent any procedural errors. The first independent middle mesial canal incidence was verified in mandibular molars in 1974, with a global incidence of 10.8–27.0%. Reporting of the middle distal canal in the endodontic literature is scarce, with an incidence of 0.2–3%. The present case report describes the endodontic management of an unusual permanent mandibular first molar with three canals in the mesial and distal roots, diagnosed with …


Modified Maxillary Palatal Ramp Prosthesis To Guide Mandibular Deviation Following Segmental Mandibulectomy For Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Manu Rathee, Sujata Chahal, Maqbul Alam, Prachi Jain Dec 2022

Modified Maxillary Palatal Ramp Prosthesis To Guide Mandibular Deviation Following Segmental Mandibulectomy For Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Manu Rathee, Sujata Chahal, Maqbul Alam, Prachi Jain

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Benign or malignant tumor is one of the frequent causes of resection of the mandible. The extent and location of the tumor decides the mode of treatment of the neoplastic lesion. Surgical removal of oral neoplasm leads to an extensive resection of the mandible along with the associated structures. Objective: This case report describes the use of palatal ramp prosthesis to guide the mandible during movements and restore a stable occlusal relationship with an additional acrylic buccal pad to achieve partial esthetics. Case Report: A 30-years-old female patient reported with the inability to chew food following the mandibular resection of …


Multidisciplinary Retreatment Of Skeletal Class Ii Malocclusion With Obstructive Sleep Apnea And Multiple Prosthesis, Si-Rong Chen, Cheng-Hui Lin, Ellen Wen-Ching Ko Dec 2022

Multidisciplinary Retreatment Of Skeletal Class Ii Malocclusion With Obstructive Sleep Apnea And Multiple Prosthesis, Si-Rong Chen, Cheng-Hui Lin, Ellen Wen-Ching Ko

Taiwanese Journal of Orthodontics

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common sleep disorder syndrome, especially in the middle-aged, obese men population. Patients suffer from an interrupted sleep at night, which could be life-threatening. Treatment alternatives include continuous positive airway pressure, mandible advanced device, nasal surgery and maxillo-mandibular advancement surgery. This article presented a patient who came with chief complaints of lower jaw retrusion, poor sleep quality, unsatisfactory occlusion and old prosthesis. The patient had declined the surgical-orthodontics in 12 years ago, and went for another camouflage orthodontic treatment with extraction of teeth and multiple prosthesis. He presented with skeletal Class II with retrognathic mandible …


Camouflage Treatment Of Skeletal Anterior Open Bite With Tongue Training, Cheng-Han Sie, Wen-Ken Tai, Chih-Chen Chou, Po-Yu Yang, Jung-Chun Yeh, Chun-Te Ho, Chia-Tze Kao Dec 2022

Camouflage Treatment Of Skeletal Anterior Open Bite With Tongue Training, Cheng-Han Sie, Wen-Ken Tai, Chih-Chen Chou, Po-Yu Yang, Jung-Chun Yeh, Chun-Te Ho, Chia-Tze Kao

Taiwanese Journal of Orthodontics

The aim of this case report was to present an adult patient who suffered from poor occlusal function and poor aesthetic appearance due to skeletal anterior open bite. After orthodontic treatment, she was satisfied with improvements of mastication and esthetics. A case of 20-year-old female with skeletal Class II jaw relationship, mandible retrognathism and anterior open bite without signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorder. Intraoral examination showed premature contact over bilateral posterior teeth and the forward resting position of tongue. Our treatment plan was orthodontic camouflage with extraction of all first premolars and tongue training. As forward resting position of …


Quality Of Life Changes In Taiwanese Patients With Dentofacial Deformities Undergoing Orthognathic Surgery, Jing Hao Ng, I-Chen Lee, Becky Chiang-Lin Liu, Ellen Wen-Ching Ko Dec 2022

Quality Of Life Changes In Taiwanese Patients With Dentofacial Deformities Undergoing Orthognathic Surgery, Jing Hao Ng, I-Chen Lee, Becky Chiang-Lin Liu, Ellen Wen-Ching Ko

Taiwanese Journal of Orthodontics

Objectives: The evaluation of orthognathic surgery (OgS) is shifting towards a coherent approach for patient care that balances objective clinician-defined measures with patient-centred outcome assessments, including health-related quality of life (QoL). This aim of this study adds to the pool of literature in East Asian subjects by studying the longitudinal QoL changes in Taiwanese patients with dentofacial deformities (DFD) undergoing OgS, using two standardized questionnaires at three different treatment stages. Materials and Methods: This prospective cohort study comprised 113 consecutive Taiwanese OgS patients who underwent surgical-orthodontic treatment between 2015 and 2018. The subjects completed SF-36 and OHIP-14 standardized questionnaires with …


Comparison Of Bone Thickness In Infrazygomatic Crest Area At Various Miniscrew Insertion Angles: A Cone-Beam Computed Tomographic Study, Rajju Dangal, Rabindra Man Shrestha, Jyoti Dhakal, Sujita Shrestha, Alka Gupta, Shreya Shah Dec 2022

Comparison Of Bone Thickness In Infrazygomatic Crest Area At Various Miniscrew Insertion Angles: A Cone-Beam Computed Tomographic Study, Rajju Dangal, Rabindra Man Shrestha, Jyoti Dhakal, Sujita Shrestha, Alka Gupta, Shreya Shah

Taiwanese Journal of Orthodontics

Introduction: The infrazygomatic crest (IZC) is an alternative site for miniscrew anchorage. It is important to analyze the anatomy of the region during preoperative planning to minimize the risk of unwanted tooth movement and injury to the vital structures. The literatures on the clinical application of miniscrew in IZC is scarce. Objective: To determine bone thickness, height and angle of insertion of miniscrew in the IZC region. Materials and methods: This cross-sectional observational comparative study included 44 patients above18 years. IZC bone thickness and height of miniscrew insertion were measured on cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) records. Student t-test was done …


Cephalometric Analysis: History And Clinical Application, Ib Leth Nielsen Dec 2022

Cephalometric Analysis: History And Clinical Application, Ib Leth Nielsen

Taiwanese Journal of Orthodontics

When roentgen cephalometry was first introduced to the orthodontic profession in 1931 by Broadbent in the USA and Hofrath in Germany it was a major milestone in terms of new diagnostic tools available to orthodontists. Until that time only clinical observation and study casts of the patients had been available to the clinician but now a more in depth understanding of the facial makeup became possible. This meant that each patient’s malocclusion could now be related to their facial skeletal and dental morphology. The dentoalveolar components could now be studied in detail and better treatment plans could be developed that …


Effectiveness Of Platelet- Rich Fibrin With Beta Tri-Calcium Phosphate Plus Calcium Sulfate On Periodontal Intrabony Defect Management (Randomized Controlled Clinical Study), Nancy Traboulsi, Essam Osman, Nayer Abo Elsaad Nov 2022

Effectiveness Of Platelet- Rich Fibrin With Beta Tri-Calcium Phosphate Plus Calcium Sulfate On Periodontal Intrabony Defect Management (Randomized Controlled Clinical Study), Nancy Traboulsi, Essam Osman, Nayer Abo Elsaad

BAU Journal - Creative Sustainable Development

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of beta tri-calcium phosphate plus calcium sulfate mix, with or without platelet rich fibrin in reducing probing periodontal pockets clinically and defect depths radiographically, while increasing clinical attachment levels to reconstruct intrabony defects in human clinical trials. Materials and Methods: Sixteen participants with periodontal intrabony defects ≥ 5 mm were divided into two equal groups. The first eight intrabony defects in study group received platelet rich fibrin mixed with EthOss ®; while the eight remaining intrabony defects in control group were reconstructed only with EthOss® synthetic bone substitute. Freidman ANOVA …


Prosthetic Management Of Interruptive Mandibular Defects, Saloua Hamzaoui, Mohamed Azhari, Hasnaa Rokhssi, Majid Sakout, Oussama Bentahar Nov 2022

Prosthetic Management Of Interruptive Mandibular Defects, Saloua Hamzaoui, Mohamed Azhari, Hasnaa Rokhssi, Majid Sakout, Oussama Bentahar

International Arab Journal of Dentistry

Mandibular substance loss is one of the most frequent acquired defects of the maxillofacial mass. Several etiologies have been described, the most frequent of which are tumours and traumas. The most commonly used prosthetic classification takes into consideration the bone continuity of the mandible, thus there are marginal defect mandibular substance preserving bone continuity and segmental defect with basal bone discontinuity. These bone defects lead to numerous functional complications (loss the dental occlusion, decreased chewing efficiency, lack of stalling during swallowing, phonatory disorder related to the change in the buccal resonance cavity) and aesthetic complications (facial asymmetry due to lateral …


Effect Of Impression Techniques On Soft Tissue Vertical Displacement In Removable Partial Denture. A Pilot Study, Christine Hanna, Nada El Osta, Jihad Fakhouri Nov 2022

Effect Of Impression Techniques On Soft Tissue Vertical Displacement In Removable Partial Denture. A Pilot Study, Christine Hanna, Nada El Osta, Jihad Fakhouri

International Arab Journal of Dentistry

Abstract Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the vertical displacement of soft tissue during different impression procedures using various spacing of the custom tray, and to determine which impression technique would allow the minimal movement. Material and Methods: 21 partially edentulous subjects were selected and enrolled in the study. Each one of them was subjected to four different impression procedures: three alginate impressions with different spacing of the custom tray and one composed with different impression materials, then casts were constructed. Light-curing acrylic occlusal platform was constructed on the primary model and perforated in 10 different points. …


Therapeutic Management Of A Case Of Chronic Myofacial Pain, Anissa Abdelkoui, Jihane Elaoud, Ahmed Abdedine, Nadia Merzouk Nov 2022

Therapeutic Management Of A Case Of Chronic Myofacial Pain, Anissa Abdelkoui, Jihane Elaoud, Ahmed Abdedine, Nadia Merzouk

International Arab Journal of Dentistry

Myofacial pain is a common form of temporomandibular disorders. It is manifested by a sensory, motor and autonomous symptoms caused by trigger points. These pains can significantly affect patients’ quality of life, when they persist. Several etiological factors have been implicated in the genesis of the myofacial pain: muscle overload, emotional tension, harmful postural habits, fatigue, and hypovitaminosis... The diagnosis of myofacial pain is based on a pertinent history and clinical examination. Several therapeutic options alone or in combination have proven their effectiveness. This article aims, through a clinical case, to focus on myofacial pain, possible therapeutics, by focusing on …


Factors Influencing The Decision To Initiate Orthodontic Treatment And The Choice Of Appliance Type In A Lebanese Sample During The Covid-19 Pandemic And The Economic Crisis. A Cross-Sectional Study., Liliane Alameh, Elie Khoury, Elie Amm Nov 2022

Factors Influencing The Decision To Initiate Orthodontic Treatment And The Choice Of Appliance Type In A Lebanese Sample During The Covid-19 Pandemic And The Economic Crisis. A Cross-Sectional Study., Liliane Alameh, Elie Khoury, Elie Amm

International Arab Journal of Dentistry

Background: The spread of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has led to a major public health issue. This study aimed to assess the factors that influence the Lebanese people in undergoing an orthodontic treatment after the outbreak of COVID-19, as well as the factors that influence their choice of orthodontic appliance type. Methods: 489 Lebanese participants (199 men and 290 women) were invited to fill a questionnaire developed on Google Forms. Eligible participants were simply Lebanese people including those who immigrated during the crisis. Dentists, dental students and foreigners were excluded from the study. The link for the questionnaire was sent …


Oral Health Of Completely Edentulous Patients During The Covid-19 Pandemic And Its Impact On Their Nutritional Status: A Pilot Study, Hayat Jaber, Elissa Haddad, Carole Abi Ghosn Yared, Jihad Fakhouri, Nada El Osta Nov 2022

Oral Health Of Completely Edentulous Patients During The Covid-19 Pandemic And Its Impact On Their Nutritional Status: A Pilot Study, Hayat Jaber, Elissa Haddad, Carole Abi Ghosn Yared, Jihad Fakhouri, Nada El Osta

International Arab Journal of Dentistry

The COVID-19 pandemic, declared by the WHO on May 2020, has forced governments around the world to adapt several restrictive measures causing difficulties of access to oral healthcare. In Lebanon, a lack of data on these difficulties and their consequences for completely edentulous people prompted the realization of a pilot study evaluating the impact of this pandemic on access to oral healthcare and on the oral health status, oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), and nutritional status of these individuals. The study was conducted at the Removable Prosthodontics Department of the Faculty of Dentistry at Saint-Joseph University of Beirut through …


Proceedings Of The 2022 Iaom Convention, International Association Of Orofacial Myology Nov 2022

Proceedings Of The 2022 Iaom Convention, International Association Of Orofacial Myology

International Journal of Orofacial Myology and Myofunctional Therapy

The International Association of Orofacial Myology (IAOM) held its 2022 Convention in Kansas City, Missouri from October 21 - 23. The Proceedings of the Convention contain abstracts and summaries of podium and poster presentations.


Predicting Flossing Through The Application Of The Multi-Theory Model (Mtm) Of Health Behavior Change Among Minority Adolescents In The United States, Manoj Sharma, Kavita Batra, Ching-Chen Chen, Chia-Liang Dai, Ravi Batra, David Cappelli Nov 2022

Predicting Flossing Through The Application Of The Multi-Theory Model (Mtm) Of Health Behavior Change Among Minority Adolescents In The United States, Manoj Sharma, Kavita Batra, Ching-Chen Chen, Chia-Liang Dai, Ravi Batra, David Cappelli

Social & Behavioral Health Faculty Publications

Adolescents from minority groups are particularly susceptible to poor oral hygiene behaviors, including lack of daily flossing. This cross-sectional study aimed to conduct an exploratory behavioral research to identify evidence-based (theory-based) approaches to promote flossing behavior among African American/Black and Latinx/Hispanic (minority) adolescents. A 39-item psychometrically valid web-based questionnaire was used to collect responses from a nationwide sample of minority adolescents aged 10–17 years residing in the United States. The data were analyzed using bivariate and multivariate statistical methods. Of 520 minority adolescents (260 African American/Black and 260 Latinx/Hispanic adolescents), the proportion of flossing was nearly equally split in the …


Oral Health, Dentistry, Periodontology, Interrelation Between Periodontal Disease And Systemic Diseases, Diet And Periodontal Disease, Vijayendra Pandey Dr. Nov 2022

Oral Health, Dentistry, Periodontology, Interrelation Between Periodontal Disease And Systemic Diseases, Diet And Periodontal Disease, Vijayendra Pandey Dr.

Health collection

There is increasing evidence that Periodontitis is related to a number of systemic diseases and it may be a risk factor for several chronic inflammatory diseases including cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease , angina and myocardial infarction, adverse pregnancy outcomes, respiratory diseases and diabetes mellitus.

Resistin an adipokine found in adipose tissue and also released by inflammatory cells is associated with the upregulation of inflammatory process. Chronic low grade inflammation is emerging as a conceivable etiologic mechanism linking periodontitis and obesity.

Objectives-

To assess whether obese individuals are at increased risk of severe periodontitis by comparing periodontal clinical parameters (GI, PI, …


Dental Fear, Anxiety, And Phobia; Causes, Diagnostic Criteria And The Medical And Social Impact, Nadya Avramova Oct 2022

Dental Fear, Anxiety, And Phobia; Causes, Diagnostic Criteria And The Medical And Social Impact, Nadya Avramova

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Despite technological advances in modern medical science and practice, many people still associate dental treatment with unpleasant emotional sensations and pain. According to the current literature, dental fear and anxiety are psychological barriers that negatively affect frequency of patient attendance which results in avoidant behavior and poorer oral health-related quality of life.

This paper was therefore aimed at discussing basic theoretical aspects concerning diagnostic criteria, causes, and impacts of dental fear, anxiety, and phobia. Clarifying their differential diagnostic characteristics, clinical features and specific causes may play an important role in proper diagnosing, positive influencing, and management of this group of …


Lgbtq+ And Dental Education: Analyzing The Present And Recommendations For The Future, Colin M. Haley, Diana V. Macri, Herminio L. Perez, Scott B. Schwartz Oct 2022

Lgbtq+ And Dental Education: Analyzing The Present And Recommendations For The Future, Colin M. Haley, Diana V. Macri, Herminio L. Perez, Scott B. Schwartz

Publications and Research

LGBTQ+ populations constitute increasing proportions of children, adolescents, and adults in the United States. Compared to their heterosexual counterparts, this group suffers from health inequities, including oral health. The report “Oral Health: Advances and Challenges” identified the LGBTQ+ community as an underserved population which faces significant barriers in accessing oral health care. Coverage of LGBTQ+ topics in formal education settings in both dental schools and dental hygiene programs is scarce, which contributes to inequities within this group. Increasing curriculum content related to LGBTQ+ populations is of utmost importance to promote optimal patient-provider interactions while improving oral health outcomes. Ensuring equity …


Activated Charcoal Versus A Chemical Whitening Agent: Effect On Human Enamel, Hien Thai Doan Oct 2022

Activated Charcoal Versus A Chemical Whitening Agent: Effect On Human Enamel, Hien Thai Doan

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Objective: For many years, the conventional method to achieve a white smile has been chemical regimens such as peroxide compounds. Previous studies suggest risks associated with chemical procedures, so many are seeking out alternative options such as utilizing activated charcoal. Since this new method is rapidly trending, there have not been many scientific studies on how utilizing activated charcoal can affect the mechanical/physical properties of tooth structure. The primary objective of this study was to investigate the effect of activated charcoal on enamel’s mechanical/physical properties and compare it to a conventional tooth whitening method (carbamide peroxide). Materials and Methods: Extracted …


Assessing The Compliance Of Dental Clinicians Towards Regulatory Infection Control Guidelines Using A Newly Developed Survey Tool: A Pilot Cross-Sectional Study In India, Pragati Kaurani, Kavita Batra, Himangini Rathore Hooja, N. Gopi Chander, Anamitra Bhowmick, Suraj Arora, Suheel Manzoor Baba, Shafait Ullah Khateeb, Anshad M. Abdulla, Vishakha Grover, Priyanka Saluja Sep 2022

Assessing The Compliance Of Dental Clinicians Towards Regulatory Infection Control Guidelines Using A Newly Developed Survey Tool: A Pilot Cross-Sectional Study In India, Pragati Kaurani, Kavita Batra, Himangini Rathore Hooja, N. Gopi Chander, Anamitra Bhowmick, Suraj Arora, Suheel Manzoor Baba, Shafait Ullah Khateeb, Anshad M. Abdulla, Vishakha Grover, Priyanka Saluja

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Adherence to the dental practice regulatory guidelines instituted during the COVID- 19 pandemic is essential to minimize the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 strains. Given the lack of a valid and reliable survey tool to assess the adherence to dental practice guidelines, this study aims to develop, validate, and test a survey tool on a pilot sample of dental clinicians practicing in India. A survey tool was developed/validated through a sequential phasic approach: Phase Ideveloping survey using conceptual and literature framework; Phase II: ascertaining its validity and reliability; Phase III: pilot testing; and Phase IV: assessing construct validity by exploratory factor analysis …