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Full-Text Articles in Law

Choice Of Law Issues In Eleventh Circuit Insurance Cases Arising From Lex Loci Contractus, Tom Schulte, Andrea Defield, Jorge Aviles May 2024

Choice Of Law Issues In Eleventh Circuit Insurance Cases Arising From Lex Loci Contractus, Tom Schulte, Andrea Defield, Jorge Aviles

University of Miami Law Review

A growing number of cases have emerged from the Eleventh Circuit struggling with the application of lex loci contractus to choice-of-law issues in the insurance context. And while the federal courts continue to struggle, the state courts in the Eleventh Circuit have not yet offered definitive guidance on when to apply lex loci contractus, and when to depart from it. In light of this choice-of-law issue, which can be and often is outcome determinative, this Article offers practical guidance on how policyholders can avoid application of an unfavorable state’s law to their insurance dispute, both before and after litigation …


Piercing The Shield Of U.C.C. Article 4a: Estate Of Levin V. Wells Fargo Bank’S, Implications For Terrorism Victims’ Attachment Of Blocked Electronic Wire Transfers Originating From State Sponsors Of Terrorism, Olivia Lu Jan 2024

Piercing The Shield Of U.C.C. Article 4a: Estate Of Levin V. Wells Fargo Bank’S, Implications For Terrorism Victims’ Attachment Of Blocked Electronic Wire Transfers Originating From State Sponsors Of Terrorism, Olivia Lu

University of Miami Business Law Review

This Piece examines how ambiguity in the property interests that would be subject to attachment under section 201 of the Terrorism Risk Insurance Act (“TRIA”) and section 1610(g) of the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (“FSIA”) has affected efforts by victims of terrorism to fulfill their monetary judgments, especially in light of courts’ use of Article 4A of the Uniform Commercial Code to fill the definitional gap. This Piece focuses on a recent D.C. Circuit decision, Estate of Levin v. Wells Fargo Bank, N.A., analyzing its implications for terrorism victims holding monetary judgments to attach blocked electronic funds transfers (“EFTs”) originating …


Twisted Machines: Police Pursuit Policy And Accountability, Madeline Hedrick Dec 2023

Twisted Machines: Police Pursuit Policy And Accountability, Madeline Hedrick

Journal of the National Association of Administrative Law Judiciary

Part I of this comment will examine the cultural and legal approach to high-speed pursuits exemplified in Los Angeles—the national center of televised car chases. Part II will unpack the thorny judicial doctrine of qualified immunity and evaluate how it impacts the incentives and accountability of police pursuits. Part III will examine who pays for the lawsuits that survive qualified immunity and the role insurance companies have in the facilitation of police reform. In Part IV, this comment will examine the qualified immunity bills in New Mexico and Colorado, the nationwide example they set, and the pushback they have received. …


Modelling Climate Litigation Risk For (Re)Insurers, Martin Lockman Jul 2023

Modelling Climate Litigation Risk For (Re)Insurers, Martin Lockman

Sabin Center for Climate Change Law

In response to the growing threat of climate change, the insurance industry has made significant investments in modelling and quantifying physical climate risks. However, the emerging risk of climate litigation has proven particularly difficult to model. In 2015 Mark Carney, then-Governor of the Bank of England and Chairman of the Financial Stability Board, warned that climate litigation poses “long-tail risks” for insurers that may be “significant, uncertain and non-linear.” Since that warning, the number of climate-related cases has more than doubled, and the scope and financial significance of climate litigation has become increasingly clear. However, insurers and regulators still struggle …


The United States Should Take A Page Out Of Canadian Law When It Comes To Privacy, Genetic And Otherwise, Ashley Rahaim Jun 2023

The United States Should Take A Page Out Of Canadian Law When It Comes To Privacy, Genetic And Otherwise, Ashley Rahaim

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

Genetic information is intimate and telling data warranting privacy in public and private realms. The privacy protections offered in the United States and Canada vastly differ when it comes to genetic privacy. Search and seizure law mirrors the privacy gap in the countries, as well as their treatment of DNA database information.

This note explores the foreshadowing of the creation of genetic privacy laws and their varying levels of protection based on the way private information was treated by state actors through search and seizure caselaw, the creation of legal precedent, and the treatment of intimate personal data in the …


The System Of Civil Liability Standard For Injuries Resulting From Driverless Vehicles: A Comparative Study Under Uae And Comparative Laws, Maamar Bentria Dr., Muorad Seghir Dr Jun 2023

The System Of Civil Liability Standard For Injuries Resulting From Driverless Vehicles: A Comparative Study Under Uae And Comparative Laws, Maamar Bentria Dr., Muorad Seghir Dr

مجلة جامعة الإمارات للبحوث القانونية UAEU LAW JOURNAL

levels, it is expected that this new generation of our vehicles will invade our markets, more than ever before. Even if the goal of this Driverless car is to achieve the highest levels of safety, comfort and sustainability, and to reduce human errors that find their source in human mistakes, the safety of using this vehicle on our roads still raises doubts. This contribution started from the fact that today's driverless vehicles are still in need of a civil liability rules, and compensation system that would effectively address the problem of attribution of damages to these vehicles, especially with the …


The System Of Civil Liability Standard For Injuries Resulting From Driverless Vehicles: A Comparative Study Under Uae And Comparative Laws, Maamar Bentria Dr., Dr. Muorad Seghir May 2023

The System Of Civil Liability Standard For Injuries Resulting From Driverless Vehicles: A Comparative Study Under Uae And Comparative Laws, Maamar Bentria Dr., Dr. Muorad Seghir

UAEU Law Journal

The development of vehicle automation systems has reached very high levels, it is expected that this new generation of our vehicles will invade our markets, more than ever before. Even if the goal of this Driverless car is to achieve the highest levels of safety, comfort and sustainability, and to reduce human errors that find their source in human mistakes, the safety of using this vehicle on our roads still raises doubts. This contribution started from the fact that today's driverless vehicles are still in need of a civil liability rules, and compensation system that would effectively address the problem …


Provider Perspectives On Mississippi's Child Care Payment Program, Katherine Broten Apr 2023

Provider Perspectives On Mississippi's Child Care Payment Program, Katherine Broten

Honors Theses

The Mississippi Child Care Payment Program allocates public dollars from the Child Care Development Block Grant to decrease the cost of child care to qualifying Mississippi families. The purpose of this research is to examine how the coronavirus pandemic and ensuing policy changes from the state of Mississippi shaped child care providers' experience with the Child Care Payment Program. By surveying child care providers, this researcher assesses to analyze the effectiveness of the program and determines remaining what areas of need. Please note that this research applies to policies prior to the 2023 revision to the Child Care Payment Program …


Law School News: Joyce And Bill Cummings Of Cummings Foundation To Deliver Keynote Address At Rwu Commencement 4-20-2023, Jill Rodrigues Apr 2023

Law School News: Joyce And Bill Cummings Of Cummings Foundation To Deliver Keynote Address At Rwu Commencement 4-20-2023, Jill Rodrigues

Life of the Law School (1993- )

No abstract provided.


Caremark'S Butterfly Effect, Angela N. Aneiros, Karen E. Woody Jan 2023

Caremark'S Butterfly Effect, Angela N. Aneiros, Karen E. Woody

Scholarly Articles

In 1996, the Delaware Court of Chancery detailed the minimum standard for corporate boards of directors (“board”) with regard to corporate compliance programs and monitoring protocols. The landmark Caremark decision held that directors would not face liability for a breach of fiduciary duties unless they failed to implement a system of controls and compliance, or knowingly failed to monitor that system. In order to bring a successful Caremark claim, plaintiffs must prove that the board operated in bad faith by failing to exercise oversight in a sustained or systemic way. The Delaware Court of Chancery opinion noted that the theory …


Changemakers: Master Of Studies In Law: 'Something New And Different...': Monique Kuester, Roger Williams University School Of Law Jan 2023

Changemakers: Master Of Studies In Law: 'Something New And Different...': Monique Kuester, Roger Williams University School Of Law

Life of the Law School (1993- )

No abstract provided.


The Case For Pausing Any Immediate Embrace Of The Social Inflation Argument For Legal System Reforms, Kenneth S. Klein Jan 2023

The Case For Pausing Any Immediate Embrace Of The Social Inflation Argument For Legal System Reforms, Kenneth S. Klein

Faculty Scholarship

This paper brings a critical eye to the current conversation about "social inflation," reaching the conclusion that the current calls for legal system reform--whether that be controls on attorney advertising, clamping down on litigation financing, revisiting of fee recovery rules, or other similar reform proposals--currently lack the empirical support and analytical comprehensiveness for. regulators and legislators to act with confidence that the requested reforms will do more good than harm. In a variety of States, insurance premiums are rising faster than general inflation, some insurers are becoming insolvent, and some insurers are leaving markets entirely. Insurers are pointing to social …


Status Quo Kewenangan Perusahaan Asuransi Dalam Menerbitkan Produk Penjaminan Pasca Berlaku Efektifnya Undang-Undang No. 1 Tahun 2016 Tentang Penjaminan, Kalih Krisnareindra Dec 2022

Status Quo Kewenangan Perusahaan Asuransi Dalam Menerbitkan Produk Penjaminan Pasca Berlaku Efektifnya Undang-Undang No. 1 Tahun 2016 Tentang Penjaminan, Kalih Krisnareindra

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Risk is something that is always exist in various type of business. Risk management commonly used the assistance of insurance companies to manage its risk by risk transfer. The current prevailing law allows the insurance industry to develop its products wider than the explicitly defined business lines in the regulation. Historically, the guarantee/surety business has been marketed jointly between insurance companies and guarantee/surety companies. This can be traced through laws and regulations that provide the authority to both type of companies to issue guarantee/surety products. But with the enactment of Law No. 1 of 2016 concerning Guarantees, there is an …


Pertanggungjawaban Otoritas Jasa Keuangan Terhadap Kasus Gagal Bayar Perusahaan Asuransi, Tumbur Halomoan Dec 2022

Pertanggungjawaban Otoritas Jasa Keuangan Terhadap Kasus Gagal Bayar Perusahaan Asuransi, Tumbur Halomoan

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

The development of the financial industry accompanied by close supervision in order to maintain stability in the financial industry. Financial Services Authority is an independent institution have special authority by the Law to overseen the financial industry. The financial industry is divided into two parts first the bank financial industry and the non-bank financial industry. One non-bank financial industry that is overseen by OJK. OJK in overseeing insurance is quite large starting from the granting of a company establishment license to the company's activities which are reported regularly by the insurance company. OJK not necessarily make the insurance industry run …


Legal Evaluation Of The Regulation Of The Unified Motor Vehicle Insurance Policy: A Comparative Study, Issa Ghassan Al-Rabdi Dr. Nov 2022

Legal Evaluation Of The Regulation Of The Unified Motor Vehicle Insurance Policy: A Comparative Study, Issa Ghassan Al-Rabdi Dr.

مجلة جامعة الإمارات للبحوث القانونية UAEU LAW JOURNAL

The need Settlement of disputes arising from bank credit between national and Vehicle accidents pose a great danger to people's lives and property, which is why, decades ago, the United Arab Emirates turned towards the path followed by the vast majority of Arab and foreign countries, which is the regulation of compulsory insurance on the civil liability of vehicle accidents.

The Board of Directors of the Insurance Authority issued the unified vehicle insurance policy issued under the system of unification of vehicle insurance policies under Resolution No. (25) Of 2016. This document is a legal system, amending Ministerial Resolution No. …


Rights Of The Management Concerning The Letter Of Guarantee, Mohamed Farouk Mohammed Sep 2022

Rights Of The Management Concerning The Letter Of Guarantee, Mohamed Farouk Mohammed

مجلة جامعة الإمارات للبحوث القانونية UAEU LAW JOURNAL

The notion of the letter of guarantee emerged as one of the alternative forms for the financial deposit to safeguard the administrative contract. The aim of such a notion was to protect the party to a contract from the harm of having portions of his or her capital idle.

Letters of the guarantee are either interim to make sure the contract party is committed or final to make sure the performance of contract terms is perfect. It may also be an installment paid in advance to ensure perfect performance. A fourth type is the letter of guarantee for equipment or …


Recent Development: Arkansas Insurance Dep't. Final Rule 126: "Insurance Business Transfers", Silas Heffley Jun 2022

Recent Development: Arkansas Insurance Dep't. Final Rule 126: "Insurance Business Transfers", Silas Heffley

Arkansas Law Review

Pursuant to Act 1018 of 2021, “An Act to Establish the Arkansas Business Transfer Act,” the Arkansas Insurance Department has promulgated Final Rule 126 “to provide standards and procedures for the transfer and novation of insurance policies from a transferring insurer to an assuming insurer through a transaction known as an ‘insurance business transfer.’” The Rule requires that the applicant submit an Insurance Business Transfer Plan—along with a nonrefundable $10,000 fee—to the Department detailing the transaction. One critical element of this Plan is the Independent Expert Opinion Report. An independent expert will produce a written report to be included in …


Rights Of The Management Concerning The Letter Of Guarantee, Dr. Mohamed Farouk Mohammed May 2022

Rights Of The Management Concerning The Letter Of Guarantee, Dr. Mohamed Farouk Mohammed

UAEU Law Journal

The notion of the letter of guarantee emerged as one of the alternative forms for the financial deposit to safeguard the administrative contract. The aim of such a notion was to protect the party to a contract from the harm of having portions of his or her capital idle. Letters of the guarantee are either interim to make sure the contract party is committed or final to make sure the performance of contract terms is perfect. It may also be an installment paid in advance to ensure perfect performance. A fourth type is the letter of guarantee for equipment or …


Peer Review/Ethics: How Can Our Office Be More Inclusive Of Transgender Patients?, Debra Peters Dds May 2022

Peer Review/Ethics: How Can Our Office Be More Inclusive Of Transgender Patients?, Debra Peters Dds

The Journal of the Michigan Dental Association

In this professional ethics article, Dr. Debra Peters of the ADA’s Council on Ethics, Bylaws and Judicial Affairs addresses the need for dental teams to be more inclusive of transgender patients, emphasizing the challenges faced by transgender and gender non-conforming (TGNC) individuals in accessing dental care. The article recommends providing training and resources for dental teams, highlighting the importance of first impressions and effective communication during patient interactions. Practical suggestions include incorporating affirmed name and gender options in registration forms, ensuring appropriate language in interactions, and addressing insurance claim discrepancies. The column promotes creating a respectful environment and cites the …


Insuring Contraceptive Equity, Jennifer Hickey Apr 2022

Insuring Contraceptive Equity, Jennifer Hickey

Northwestern Journal of Law & Social Policy

The United States is in the midst of a family planning crisis. Approximately half of all pregnancies nationwide are unintended. In recognition of the social importance of family planning, the Affordable Care Act (ACA) includes a “contraceptive mandate” that requires insurers to cover contraception at no cost. Yet, a decade after its enactment, the ACA’s promise of universal contraceptive access for insured women remains unfulfilled, with as many as one-third of U.S. women unable to access their preferred contraceptive without cost.

While much attention has been focused on religious exemptions granted to employers, the primary barrier to no-cost contraception is …


What History Can Tell Us About The Future Of Insurance And Litigation After Covid-19, Kenneth S. Abraham, Tom Baker Apr 2022

What History Can Tell Us About The Future Of Insurance And Litigation After Covid-19, Kenneth S. Abraham, Tom Baker

All Faculty Scholarship

This Article, written for the annual Clifford Symposium on Tort Law and Social Policy, chronicles a series of developments in American history that profoundly influenced the course of insurance and insurance law, in order to predict the post-COVID-19 future of these fields. In each instance, there was a direct and decided cause-and-effect relationship between these developments and subsequent change in the world of insurance and insurance law. As important as the influence of COVID-19 is at present and probably will be in the future, in our view the COVID-19 pandemic will not be as significant an influence on insurance and …


Law School News: National Housing Advocate Named To Lead Rwu's New Real Estate Initiatives 02/08/2022, Roger Williams University School Of Law Feb 2022

Law School News: National Housing Advocate Named To Lead Rwu's New Real Estate Initiatives 02/08/2022, Roger Williams University School Of Law

Life of the Law School (1993- )

No abstract provided.


Third Party Moral Hazard And The Problem Of Insurance Externalities, Gideon Parchomovsky, Peter Siegelman Jan 2022

Third Party Moral Hazard And The Problem Of Insurance Externalities, Gideon Parchomovsky, Peter Siegelman

All Faculty Scholarship

Insurance can lead to loss or claim-creation not just by insureds themselves, but also by uninsured third parties. These externalities—which we term “third party moral hazard”—arise because insurance creates opportunities both to extract rents and to recover for otherwise unrecoverable losses. Using examples from health, automobile, kidnap, and liability insurance, we demonstrate that the phenomenon is widespread and important, and that the downsides of insurance are greater than previously believed. We explain the economic, social and psychological reasons for this phenomenon, and propose policy responses. Contract-based methods that are traditionally used to control first-party moral hazard can be welfare-reducing in …


Debunking The Standardized Nature Of Insurance Policies, Elizabeth Sousa Jan 2022

Debunking The Standardized Nature Of Insurance Policies, Elizabeth Sousa

Fordham Journal of Corporate & Financial Law

This article discredits the conventional view of insurance policies as standardized contracts that do not vary across insurance companies and policyholders. Contrary to this view, there are wide variations in policy language in both the admitted and non-admitted insurance markets. These deviations reduce the perceived benefit of insurance policies as standardized contracts intended to promote predictability and lower transaction costs for policyholders by focusing only on the most salient terms. Nowhere is this deviation more apparent than with Commercial General Liability (CGL) policies defendants are turning to in the current opioid litigation.

The opioid epidemic has been plaguing the United …


The Color Of Property And Auto Insurance: Time For Change, Jennifer B. Wriggins Jan 2022

The Color Of Property And Auto Insurance: Time For Change, Jennifer B. Wriggins

Faculty Publications

Insurance company executives issued statements condemning racism and urging change throughout society and in the insurance industry after the huge Black Lives Matter demonstrations in summer 2020. The time therefore is ripe for examining insurance as it relates to race and racism, including history and current regulation. Two of the most important types of personal insurance are property and automobile. Part I begins with history, focusing on property insurance, auto insurance, race, and racism in urban areas around the mid-twentieth century. Private insurers deemed large areas of cities where African Americans lived to be “blighted” and refused to insure all …


Federal Courts’ Recalcitrance In Refusing To Certify State Law Covid-19 Business Interruption Insurance Issues, Christopher French Jan 2022

Federal Courts’ Recalcitrance In Refusing To Certify State Law Covid-19 Business Interruption Insurance Issues, Christopher French

Journal Articles

Over 2,000 COVID-19 business interruption insurance cases have been filed in state and federal courts the past two years with most of the cases filed in or removed to federal courts. The cases are governed by state law. Rather than certify the novel state law issues presented in the cases to the respective state supreme courts that ultimately will determine the law applicable in the cases, each of the eight federal circuit courts to issue decisions on the merits in such cases to date has done so by making an Erie guess regarding how the controlling state supreme courts would …


Contracts Without Courts Or Clans: How Business Networks Govern Exchange, Sadie Blanchard Jan 2022

Contracts Without Courts Or Clans: How Business Networks Govern Exchange, Sadie Blanchard

Journal Articles

Legal scholars have long recognized the close-knit community as an alternative institution for supporting trade when contract law and trusted courts are unavailable. But recent research suggests that another option may be available: heterogeneous business networks. What’s interesting is that these networks lack features traditionally seen as essential to community-supported trade. In particular, they lack preexisting noncommercial social ties that allow reliable and trusted information to spread at low cost, make exiting the network difficult, and enable coordinated sanctioning of cheaters. As a result, some leading scholars doubt that these networks are doing the work of sustaining cooperation. This Article …


Changemakers Master Of Studies In Law: 'Such A Different Outlook...': Derek Tevyaw, Roger Williams University School Of Law Jan 2022

Changemakers Master Of Studies In Law: 'Such A Different Outlook...': Derek Tevyaw, Roger Williams University School Of Law

Life of the Law School (1993- )

No abstract provided.


The Limits Of Regulation By Insurance, Kenneth S. Abraham, Daniel Benjamin Schwarcz Jan 2022

The Limits Of Regulation By Insurance, Kenneth S. Abraham, Daniel Benjamin Schwarcz

Indiana Law Journal

Insurance is an enormously powerful and beneficial method of spreading risk and compensating for loss. But even insurance has its limits. A new and misleading aspiration for insurance—that it also can and often does substitute for or significantly complement health and safety regulation—is increasingly in vogue. This vision starts from the uncontroversial recognition that insurers typically adopt measures designed to counteract “moral hazard,” the tendency of insurance to blunt policyholders’ incentives to take care. But proponents of this vision go on to contend that the risk-reducing potential of insurance is significantly more extensive than is traditionally imagined, because insurers are …


The Promise And Peril Of Paternalistic Approaches To Flood Risk, Alexander B. Lemann Jan 2022

The Promise And Peril Of Paternalistic Approaches To Flood Risk, Alexander B. Lemann

University of Colorado Law Review

Our country's ever-growing exposure to flood risk has been the target of policy reform for decades. To many experts, it is clear that we must stop subsidizing flood-prone development and begin the process of moving people away from flood-prone areas. And yet, despite the seemingly obvious benefits of abandoning areas that will be permanently underwater in a generation, flood-prone living has been a difficult habit to kick.

Examining the problem against the background of the philosophical literature on paternalism helps show why. Paternalism- government intervention in people's choices for the good of those same people-has long been controversial. The insistence …