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Accession

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Articles 1 - 30 of 35

Full-Text Articles in Law

The Right-Based View Of The Cathedral: Liability Rules And Corrective Justice, Omri Rachum-Twaig, Ohad Somech Jul 2017

The Right-Based View Of The Cathedral: Liability Rules And Corrective Justice, Omri Rachum-Twaig, Ohad Somech

Pepperdine Law Review

In their celebrated paper, Calabresi and Melamed offered a framework, often referred to as the ‘‘Cathedral’’ analysis, which explains when and why entitlements should be protected using two main sets of rules—property rules and liability rules. This framework is now widely used to explain some private law doctrines. However, cases that are easily explained as applications of liability rules are usually difficult to explain under the private law theory of correlative corrective justice. This is because the basic idea underlying corrective justice conflicts with the notion of rules that allow the nonconsensual property appropriation subject to compensation. In this ...


Soviet Accession To The Universal Copyright Convention: Possible Implications For Future Foreign Publication Of Dissidents’ Works, Lee J. Ross Jr. Jun 2016

Soviet Accession To The Universal Copyright Convention: Possible Implications For Future Foreign Publication Of Dissidents’ Works, Lee J. Ross Jr.

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


State Succession - Convention On Status Of Refugees - Lesotho’S Use Of Nyerere Letter Recognized To Effect Accession To Multilateral Convention But Refugee Definition Precludes Applicability Of Convention, William A. Pierce, William W. Poole May 2016

State Succession - Convention On Status Of Refugees - Lesotho’S Use Of Nyerere Letter Recognized To Effect Accession To Multilateral Convention But Refugee Definition Precludes Applicability Of Convention, William A. Pierce, William W. Poole

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


State Monopolies Of A Commercial Character (Article 37 Of The Eec Treaty) And Their Importance In Connection With Portugal's Accession To The European Communities, Maria I. Jalles May 2015

State Monopolies Of A Commercial Character (Article 37 Of The Eec Treaty) And Their Importance In Connection With Portugal's Accession To The European Communities, Maria I. Jalles

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Accession Of Greece To The European Communities, Bernhard Schloh May 2015

The Accession Of Greece To The European Communities, Bernhard Schloh

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The European Economic Community: The Right Of Member State Withdrawal, John A. Hill Apr 2015

The European Economic Community: The Right Of Member State Withdrawal, John A. Hill

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Concept Of Fundamental Rights In European Economic Community Law, Laurent Marcoux Jr. Apr 2015

The Concept Of Fundamental Rights In European Economic Community Law, Laurent Marcoux Jr.

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Conundrum Of Wto Accession Protocols: In Search Of Legality And Legitimacy, Julia Ya Qin Jan 2015

The Conundrum Of Wto Accession Protocols: In Search Of Legality And Legitimacy, Julia Ya Qin

Law Faculty Research Publications

Accession to the World Trade Organization differs from that of other international organizations in one major aspect: the WTO may prescribe more stringent rules for acceded members, depending on the result of individual accession negotiations. These country-specific rules are set out in the protocols of accession and now form a significant part of WTO law. However, questions concerning the legality and legitimacy of such rules remain to be answered. The accession protocols effectively modify the provisions of the WTO multilateral trade agreements, but the legal basis for so doing has never been properly explained and the relationship between the accession ...


Panel Iii--Universal And Regional Human Rights Systems And The Potential For United States Accession To The American Convention On Human Rights, Gabriel Wilner Nov 2014

Panel Iii--Universal And Regional Human Rights Systems And The Potential For United States Accession To The American Convention On Human Rights, Gabriel Wilner

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Austrian Neutrality - Ec - Is Austrian Membership In The Ec Compatible With Its Permanently Neutral Status: A Legal Analysis Of Some Problems Posed By Full Membership, James M. Wilson Iii Nov 2014

Austrian Neutrality - Ec - Is Austrian Membership In The Ec Compatible With Its Permanently Neutral Status: A Legal Analysis Of Some Problems Posed By Full Membership, James M. Wilson Iii

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Neutrality, The Acquis Communautaire And The European Union's Search For A Common Foreign And Security Policy Under Title V Of The Maastricht Treaty: The Accession Of Austria, Finland And Sweden, G. Porter Elliott Oct 2014

Neutrality, The Acquis Communautaire And The European Union's Search For A Common Foreign And Security Policy Under Title V Of The Maastricht Treaty: The Accession Of Austria, Finland And Sweden, G. Porter Elliott

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


"Welcome To Europe, Which Has Always Been Yours": Are Bulgarians And Gypsies Second Class Citizens?, Adriana Hristova Sep 2014

"Welcome To Europe, Which Has Always Been Yours": Are Bulgarians And Gypsies Second Class Citizens?, Adriana Hristova

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Accession To A Surrender Of Sovereign Autonomy In Law?: The Effect Of The European Union Membership Process Upon Romania, James B. Cronon Sep 2014

Accession To A Surrender Of Sovereign Autonomy In Law?: The Effect Of The European Union Membership Process Upon Romania, James B. Cronon

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


When Skeletons Come Out Of The Closet: Implications Of The Bosnian Genocide Decision For Serbia's Eventual Eu Accession, Edina Slomic Sep 2014

When Skeletons Come Out Of The Closet: Implications Of The Bosnian Genocide Decision For Serbia's Eventual Eu Accession, Edina Slomic

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Eu’S Accession To The European Convention On Human Rights: An International Law Perspective, Jed Odermatt Feb 2014

The Eu’S Accession To The European Convention On Human Rights: An International Law Perspective, Jed Odermatt

Jed Odermatt

Article 6(2) of the Treaty on European Union establishes that the Union “shall accede to the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.” In early 2013, negotiators of the 47 Council of Europe member states and the European Union finalised a draft Accession Agreement that would allow the EU to accede to Convention. Taking this draft Accession Agreement as a starting point, this paper examines the issues and challenges that EU accession poses from an international law perspective. Much of the literature on the EU accession has focused on the effect that this process will ...


Papua New Guinea's Accession To The 1951 Convention And The 1967 Protocol Relating To The Status Of Refugees, Ben Tsamenyi Mar 2013

Papua New Guinea's Accession To The 1951 Convention And The 1967 Protocol Relating To The Status Of Refugees, Ben Tsamenyi

Professor Ben M Tsamenyi

Papua New Guinea (PNG) acceded to the 1951 Convention and the 1967 Protocol in 1986, after having initially declined to accept those instruments, which had been extended by the administering power, Australia. This article analyses the background to PNG's accession, and the reasons for its reservations to various provisions. PNG has, for some years, received refugees from West Irian, where the authority of the Indonesian Government continues to be challenged by the OPM (the Free Papua Movement). Before 1984, refugee arrivals were sporadic and involved relatively small groups of people; between February and June 1984, however, over ten thousand ...


Mapping The Law Of Wto Accession, Steve Charnovitz Jan 2013

Mapping The Law Of Wto Accession, Steve Charnovitz

GW Law Faculty Publications & Other Works

The member countries of the World Trade Organization (WTO) joined either as original members or through the Article XII accession process. To date, over 20 members have joined through accession including most notably China in 2001. Recently, Vietnam completed its accession negotiations and Russia made do so sometime in 2007. Governments joining the WTO through accession have to abide by WTO rules, as all members do, but applicant governments are also often asked to accept individualized rules tailored for them through negotiations. These special rules have not received extensive examination in previous scholarship. The purpose of this article is to ...


The Likelihood Of Turkey's Accession Into The European Union: A Controversial Inquiry, Ashleigh E. Hebert Jun 2012

The Likelihood Of Turkey's Accession Into The European Union: A Controversial Inquiry, Ashleigh E. Hebert

Ashleigh E Hebert

The contentious nature of Turkey's accession into the European Union largely stems from its Islamic heritage, which has caused the county to struggle with the separation of church and state. Although the Republic of Turkey was founded in 1923 on the notion that the state would be secular, the country has difficulty upholding this principle because ninety-nine percent of the population is Muslim. Furthermore, there has been increasing public support for political parties that support theocratic governance, or alternatively, a plurality of legal systems categorizing individuals based on their religious beliefs. Thus, many individuals are concerned that Turkey will ...


A Betrayed Ideal: The Problem Of Enforcement Of Eu Sex Equality Guarantees In The Cee Post-Socialist Legal Systems, Goran Selanec Jan 2012

A Betrayed Ideal: The Problem Of Enforcement Of Eu Sex Equality Guarantees In The Cee Post-Socialist Legal Systems, Goran Selanec

SJD Dissertations

The notion of equality between men and women has, for a long time, played a significant role in the societies of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). The ideal was particularly important during the period of “real” or “really existing” socialism in CEE. For the CEE socialist regimes, the ideal of equality was an ideological banner that supposedly demonstrated their moral superiority to the “West”. The ideal has gained new importance in recent years, when the CEE post-socialist states had to commit to the protection of the notion of equality between sexes as a condition of their membership in the European ...


De La Périphérie Au Centre: La Participation De La Chine Aux Négociations Omc, Henry S. Gao Jan 2012

De La Périphérie Au Centre: La Participation De La Chine Aux Négociations Omc, Henry S. Gao

Research Collection School Of Law

En novembre 2001, la Chine entrait finalement à l’Organisation mondiale du commerce après un marathon de 15 ans de négociations pour son accession. Comme son accession correspondait au lancement du cycle de Doha, de nombreux commentateurs ont estimé que la participation de la Chine aux négociations commerciales aurait un impact significatif sur le cycle. Cependant, cela ne s’est pas produit. Quelles ont été les approches adoptées par la Chine dans les négociations commerciales internationales ? Pourquoi la Chine a-t-elle adopté ces approches ? Comment ont-elles affecté la dynamique des négociations commerciales ? Voici les questions traitées dans cet article qui montre ...


From The Periphery To The Centre: China's Participation In Wto Negotiations, Henry S. Gao Jan 2012

From The Periphery To The Centre: China's Participation In Wto Negotiations, Henry S. Gao

Research Collection School Of Law

In November 2001, China finally acceded to the World Trade Organization after a marathon accession negotiation that lasted 15 years. As China's accession coincided with the launch of the Doha Round, many commentators predicted that China's participation in the trade negotiations would have significant impacts on the Round. However, this has not proven to be the case. What have been the approaches taken by China in global trade negotiations? Why did China adopt these approaches? How did China's different negotiating approaches affect the dynamics of trade negotiations? These are the questions addressed in this article. The paper ...


The Accession Insight And Patent Infringement Remedies, Peter Lee Nov 2011

The Accession Insight And Patent Infringement Remedies, Peter Lee

Michigan Law Review

What is the appropriate allocation of rights and obligations when one party, without authorization, substantially improves the property of another? According to the doctrine of accession, a good faith improver may take title to such improved property, subject to compensating the original owner for the value of the source materials. While shifting title to a converter seems like a remarkable remedy, this outcome merely underscores the equitable nature of accession, which aims for fair allocation of property rights and compensation between two parties who both have plausible claims to an improved asset. This Article draws upon accession-a physical property doctrine ...


The Accession Insight And Patent Infringement Remedies, Peter Lee Feb 2011

The Accession Insight And Patent Infringement Remedies, Peter Lee

Peter Lee

How should property rights be allocated when one party, without authorization, substantially improves the property of another? According to the doctrine of accession, a good-faith improver may take title to such improved property, subject to compensating the original owner for the value of the source materials. While shifting title to a converter seems like a remarkable remedy, this merely highlights the equitable nature of accession, which aims for fair allocation of property rights and compensation between two parties who both have plausible claims to an improved asset.

This Article draws on accession—a physical property doctrine with roots in Roman ...


Accession And Original Ownership, Thomas W. Merrill Jan 2009

Accession And Original Ownership, Thomas W. Merrill

Faculty Scholarship Series

Although first possession is generally assumed to be the dominant means of establishingoriginal ownership of property, there is a second but less studied principle for initiating ownership, called accession, which awards new resources to the owner of existing property most prominently connected to the new resource. Accession applies across a wide variety of areas, from determining rights to baby animals and growing crops to determining ownership of derivative rights under intellectual property laws. Accession shares common features with first possession, in that both principles assign ownership uniquely in a way that imposes minimal information cost burdens on society. But accession ...


Accession And Original Ownership, Thomas W. Merrill Jan 2009

Accession And Original Ownership, Thomas W. Merrill

Faculty Scholarship

Although first possession is generally assumed to be the dominant means of establishing original ownership of property, there is a second but less studied principle for initiating ownership, called accession, which awards new resources to the owner of existing property most prominently connected to the new resource. Accession applies across a wide variety of areas, from determining rights to baby animals and growing crops to determining ownership of derivative rights under intellectual property laws. Accession shares common features with first possession, in that both principles assign ownership uniquely in a way that imposes minimal information cost burdens on society. But ...


Accession And Original Ownership, Thomas W. Merrill Jan 2009

Accession And Original Ownership, Thomas W. Merrill

Faculty Scholarship

Although first possession is generally assumed to be the dominant means of establishing original ownership of property, there is a second but less studied principle for initiating ownership, called accession, which awards new resources to the owner of existing property most prominently connected to the new resource. Accession applies across a wide variety of areas, from determining rights to baby animals and growing crops to determining ownership of derivative rights under intellectual property laws. Accession shares common features with first possession, in that both principles assign ownership uniquely in a way that imposes minimal information cost burdens on society. But ...


The Hague Convention: The Problems With Accession And Implementation, Annette Schmit Jan 2008

The Hague Convention: The Problems With Accession And Implementation, Annette Schmit

Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies

The Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption ("the Hague Convention") was developed to enable adoptions to proceed according to the "the best interests of the child with respect for his or her fundamental rights." This Note discusses the dynamics of the Hague Convention with respect to the implementation process and the relationships between members of the Convention that are abiding by Hague Convention standards, members of the Convention that are not abiding by Hague Convention standards, and non-members of the Convention. The United States' recent ratification of the Hague Convention exemplifies the difficulties ...


Patents And Access To Antiretroviral Medicines In Vietnam After World Trade Organization Accession, Jakkrit Kuanpoth Jan 2007

Patents And Access To Antiretroviral Medicines In Vietnam After World Trade Organization Accession, Jakkrit Kuanpoth

Faculty of Law - Papers (Archive)

Antiretroviral (ARV) drugs, where they are accessible, have been shown to prolong the lives and increase the health and well-being of people living with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. In general terms, whether a country is able to provide affordable ARVs to people in need is determined by the pricing structure of the drugs, whichis in turn based on the patent environment that regulates them. Increasing access in many developing countries, including Vietnam, requires a thorough understanding of the patent environment and of the legal options that will allow the production and/or importation of affordable treatments. This article ...


Jordan And The World Trading System: A Case Study For Arab Countries, Bashar Hikmet Malkawi Jan 2006

Jordan And The World Trading System: A Case Study For Arab Countries, Bashar Hikmet Malkawi

SJD Dissertation Abstracts

Arab countries are attempting to broaden their engagement in the multilateral trading system in a manner that has many implications. Not only have some Arab countries either acceded or are in the pipeline of acceding to the World Trade Organization (WTO), but their new commitments coincides with reorientations in their economic strategies. The purpose of this dissertation is to examine the implications on Arab countries.

Given Jordan's accession to the WTO and its free trade agreement with the United States (U.S.), the country serves as an ideal candidate for other Arab countries. Jordan applied for WTO membership in ...


Taiwan's Wto Membership And Its International Implications, Steve Charnovitz Jan 2006

Taiwan's Wto Membership And Its International Implications, Steve Charnovitz

GW Law Faculty Publications & Other Works

In contrast to other international organizations, the World Trade Organization does not require its members to be states. This constitutional feature has allowed Taiwan to join the WTO alongside China. As a result, the WTO is now the only major international organization in which Taiwan can participate as a full member. This article explores some implications of this unique situation for Taiwan, for the WTO, and for international law. The article contends that Taiwan's membership in the WTO is not itself a bilateral treaty with China and does not itself change the legal relationship between Taiwan and China. What ...