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2024

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Front Matter Dec 2024

Front Matter

Hofstra Law Review

No abstract provided.


Daca's Major Questions Exception, Matthew Calabrese Dec 2024

Daca's Major Questions Exception, Matthew Calabrese

Hofstra Law Review

The Supreme Court has extracted a new role as the gatekeeper of administrative action under the major questions doctrine. Underlying the doctrine is an understanding that agencies cannot act to address policy issues implicating questions of great political and economic significance unless specifically authorized by Congress. However, DACA presents a different question that should be exempted from the major questions doctrine. This is because DACA relies on two levels of executive authority: statutory—under the Immigration and Nationality Act and the Homeland Security Act—and constitutional—under the Take Care Clause. Because, as this Article explains, the two authorities cannot be disentangled, courts …


Controlling Buyer And Seller Power: Reviving Enforcement Of The Robinson-Patman Act, Daniel A. Hanley Dec 2024

Controlling Buyer And Seller Power: Reviving Enforcement Of The Robinson-Patman Act, Daniel A. Hanley

Hofstra Law Review

The Robinson-Patman Act (“RPA”) is a federal law enacted in 1936. Congress’s goal in drafting this historic legislation was to protect and promote democracy and individual liberty in the United States by supporting the creation and vitality of small and independent businesses, thereby distributing power and opportunity within the U.S. political economy.This Article provides a robust defense of Congress’s goals and intentions in enacting the RPA as well as a detailed history of how the Act benefited American society when it was vigorously enforced. It concludes with thoughts on how the RPA can be used to revitalize today’s economy, thus …


The Adolescent Mental Health Crisis: A Case Study In Family Court Planning, Andrew Schepard Dec 2024

The Adolescent Mental Health Crisis: A Case Study In Family Court Planning, Andrew Schepard

Hofstra Law Review

The article focuses on addressing the adolescent mental health crisis within the framework of family court planning, particularly in the context of parental separation and divorce. It emphasizes the need for comprehensive planning processes within family courts to integrate Family Dispute Resolution (FDR) as a central strategy for tackling this crisis effectively. It seeks to enhance mental health services for adolescents involved in family court proceedings.


Does The Federal Budget Trump Constitutional Rights, Laura Snyder Dec 2024

Does The Federal Budget Trump Constitutional Rights, Laura Snyder

Hofstra Law Review

Even though most Americans living outside the United States do not owe U.S. federal income tax, the U.S. nationality-based income tax system nevertheless places considerable burdens on them. In doing so, the system violates Fourteenth Amendment equal protection as well as other constitutional and human rights. The purpose of the system is not to raise revenue. Instead, its purpose is to punish and scapegoat American nationals living outside the United States, for no reason other than the fact that they live outside the United States. This is evidenced by the statements and actions of policymakers as well as by Internal …


Taking Back The Bar: The Need For State Legislation Directed At Addressing The Disparate Impact Of The Bar Exam And Holding The Ncbe Accountable, Alexa Cibellis Dec 2024

Taking Back The Bar: The Need For State Legislation Directed At Addressing The Disparate Impact Of The Bar Exam And Holding The Ncbe Accountable, Alexa Cibellis

Hofstra Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Rule Is A Mess, So It Needs Amendments: Reexamining And Revising The Religious Exemption Of The Copyright Act, Toniann Pasqueralle Sheridan Dec 2024

The Rule Is A Mess, So It Needs Amendments: Reexamining And Revising The Religious Exemption Of The Copyright Act, Toniann Pasqueralle Sheridan

Hofstra Law Review

No abstract provided.


All Bark, No Bite: How The Lone Star "Junk-Science Writ" Could Reinvigorate Federal Habeas Review, Robert Harry Saylor Iii Dec 2024

All Bark, No Bite: How The Lone Star "Junk-Science Writ" Could Reinvigorate Federal Habeas Review, Robert Harry Saylor Iii

Hofstra Law Review

No abstract provided.


Labeling Energy Drinks: Tackling A Monster Of A Problem, Meredith P. Mulhern, Michael S. Sinha Oct 2024

Labeling Energy Drinks: Tackling A Monster Of A Problem, Meredith P. Mulhern, Michael S. Sinha

All Faculty Scholarship

Energy drinks first rose to popularity in the 1980s. Red Bull energy drinks were the first of its kind, opening the door to a new consumer and regulatory landscape. Since Red Bull first launched, multiple companies have released countless new energy drink products. Some energy drinks, like Red Bull, contain less than 100 mg of caffeine per 8 oz can. However, other energy drinks contain much higher amounts of caffeine. A 12 oz can of Celsius contains 200 mg of caffeine, and up until recently, Celsius offered a product called Celsius Heat, a 12 oz can containing 300 mg of …


The Initial Response Of Biodiversity Conventions To The Covid-19 Pandemic, Royal C. Gardner, Lauren Beames, Katherine Pratt Oct 2024

The Initial Response Of Biodiversity Conventions To The Covid-19 Pandemic, Royal C. Gardner, Lauren Beames, Katherine Pratt

William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

The COVID-19 pandemic disrupted the operations of global biodiversity conventions, requiring virtual meetings in place of in-person events. Yet the pandemic also highlighted the importance of biodiversity conservation as a mechanism to reduce the risk of zoonotic diseases, as the October 2020 report issued by the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (“IPBES”) emphasized. Now that in-person, international meetings have resumed, this Article examines the extent to which four biodiversity conventions—the Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds, the Ramsar Convention, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species, and the Convention on Biological Diversity—considered the nexus …


The Cycle Of Delegitimization: Lessons From Dred Scott On The Relationship Between The Supreme Court And The Nation, Jonathon J. Booth Oct 2024

The Cycle Of Delegitimization: Lessons From Dred Scott On The Relationship Between The Supreme Court And The Nation, Jonathon J. Booth

UC Law Constitutional Quarterly

This Article examines how Chief Justice Taney’s opinion in Dred Scott v. Sandford sparked a cycle of delegitimization that parallels contemporary debates about the Supreme Court’s legitimacy crisis. Part I explicates how one family’s fight for freedom in Missouri reached the Supreme Court, the resulting radical decision, and the nation’s reaction to show the initial stages of this cycle. Part II examines the impact of Dred Scott on politics and law during the James Buchanan administration (1857–1861). During this period, the federal government, Southern states, and some Western territories swiftly implemented the decision, for example by expelling free Black residents. …


How American Society And Law Continue To Undermine People With Disabilities Seeking Education And Employment, Angelica Guevara Oct 2024

How American Society And Law Continue To Undermine People With Disabilities Seeking Education And Employment, Angelica Guevara

UC Law Constitutional Quarterly

Our Founders specifically identified education as necessary to economic success and full participation in our democracy and society. However, the Supreme Court held in San Antonio Independent School District v. Rodriguez that education in America is not a constitutional right; instead, it is a commodity that few can afford. Then, in 2023, Biden v. Nebraska exposed the direct result of that ruling: the average American––regardless of their disability status––struggles to pay back their student loans, even when they have a well-paying job. The student debt crisis significantly impacts the economic future of students with disabilities, who make on average sixty-six …


The Uncertain Future Of Restorative Justice: Anti-Woke Legislation, Retrenchment And Politics Of The Right, Thalia González, Mara Schiff Oct 2024

The Uncertain Future Of Restorative Justice: Anti-Woke Legislation, Retrenchment And Politics Of The Right, Thalia González, Mara Schiff

William & Mary Journal of Race, Gender, and Social Justice

As diverse forms of anti-democratic and anti-inclusionary politics escalate in the United States, public education is increasingly a site for retrenchment and contestation with targeted efforts to silence and erase civil rights victories for equity and access. Addressing a critical, yet unattended issue at the intersection of education law and policy and civil rights, this Article joins with the growing discourse interrogating the “parental rights” movement and racially regressive legislation. Employing a case study analysis of social movement activism and education policy legislation from 2018–2023 in Florida, it aims to provoke critical praxis emanating from essential inquiry— what is the …


Masthead Oct 2024

Masthead

UC Law Constitutional Quarterly

No abstract provided.


Will The New Roberts Court Revive A Formalist Approach To Fourth Amendment Jurisprudence?, Roger Antonio Tejada Oct 2024

Will The New Roberts Court Revive A Formalist Approach To Fourth Amendment Jurisprudence?, Roger Antonio Tejada

UC Law Constitutional Quarterly

While all Chief Justices leave behind distinctive periods of judicial thought and practice, the quantitative and qualitative data presented in this article show that the Roberts Court in particular stands out in the development of Fourth Amendment precedent. The key cases that shaped the search and seizure doctrine before and during his rise show that, contrary to what many may expect, Chief Justice Roberts will likely oversee limited, pro-defendant decisions that could grant additional legitimacy to the Court’s crime-control jurisprudence. On the other hand, the new Justices’ voting records and writings suggest that there are several potential coalitions that could …


Rethinking The Fundamentals: Applying The Evolving Standards Of Decency Test To The Court’S Evaluation Of Fundamental Rights., Nick Wolfram Oct 2024

Rethinking The Fundamentals: Applying The Evolving Standards Of Decency Test To The Court’S Evaluation Of Fundamental Rights., Nick Wolfram

UC Law Constitutional Quarterly

In 1910, the Supreme Court recognized in Weems v. United States that a constitution “must be capable of wider application than the mischief which gave it birth.” This principle led to the creation of the Court’s two-pronged “evolving standards of decency,” test: (1) evidence of an objective indicia of a national consensus, and (2) the reviewing court’s own independent judgment. To this day the Court has yet to apply this test outside of the Eighth Amendment context. But can the “evolving standards of decency,” test identify and protect other fundamental rights? This Article explores how the Court could apply the …


Human Rights, Human Duties: Making A Rights-Based Case For Community-Based Restorative Justice, Aparna Polavarapu Oct 2024

Human Rights, Human Duties: Making A Rights-Based Case For Community-Based Restorative Justice, Aparna Polavarapu

William & Mary Journal of Race, Gender, and Social Justice

Restorative justice is often framed as an alternative to the criminal legal system, and thus justifications of restorative justice tend to be rooted in the language of the criminal system. However, this approach limits our way of thinking about the practice of restorative justice, especially non-state, community-based practices. This Article argues for an independent, rights-based justification to support these community-based practices. By offering an in-depth analysis originating from a rights-based perspective, this Article engages with two underdeveloped areas of scholarly literature and suggests a new way of thinking about the day-to-day practice of restorative justice through a human rights lens. …


The Co-Optation Of Restorative Justice And Its Consequences For An Abolitionist Future, Alicia Virani Oct 2024

The Co-Optation Of Restorative Justice And Its Consequences For An Abolitionist Future, Alicia Virani

William & Mary Journal of Race, Gender, and Social Justice

This Article explores the ways in which RJ [restorative justice] has been co-opted, argues that RJ’s core principles can never coexist with the criminal punishment system, and analyzes how RJ co-optation is a barrier to abolitionist goals. It proceeds in three parts. In Part I, I present the fundamental principles upon which RJ processes should be based. While many scholars and practitioners have identified the lack of a consistent RJ definition by which to guide the work, I propose that there are fundamental principles that serve to guide RJ, and these are in stark contrast with the principles and realities …


The Demise Of Housing First Policy: The New Missouri Policy That Criminalizes Homelessness, Kaitlyn Frerking Oct 2024

The Demise Of Housing First Policy: The New Missouri Policy That Criminalizes Homelessness, Kaitlyn Frerking

William & Mary Journal of Race, Gender, and Social Justice

This Note examines the potential negative complications of Missouri H.B. 1606. The Note also explores possible avenues for relief through litigation or policy reform. H.B. 1606 is a Missouri state bill that altered the State’s policy towards decreasing the rate of homelessness in the State of Missouri. Prior to H.B. 1606, Missouri’s homelessness policy resembled a “Housing First” approach where emphasis was placed on providing affordable permanent housing to those without homes. With the passage of H.B. 1606, the policy turned towards supporting short-term housing initiatives and abandoned the “Housing First” approach. H.B. 1606 also contains a provision that makes …


Terrorism Should Not Be A Crime: How Political Labels Are Dangerous To American Democracy, Abigail S. Grand Oct 2024

Terrorism Should Not Be A Crime: How Political Labels Are Dangerous To American Democracy, Abigail S. Grand

William & Mary Journal of Race, Gender, and Social Justice

This Note calls for a dismantling of the United States’ current method of prosecuting terrorism, rejecting the “terrorism” label as a mechanism for charging crimes. Prosecutors should instead charge individuals in terrorism cases for their underlying criminal actions rather than rely on material support statutes and political innuendos to secure a conviction. By examining the implications of the terrorism label in post-9/11 America, this Note addresses how a moral panic enabled the executive branch to overstep its constitutional restraints and threatened the delicate balance of powers central to American democracy. Next, it proposes, as many have before, that Article III …


Killers That Once Were Humans: Reading The Role Of Modern Law Via Instrumental Rationality, Momen Abdelbari Hassan Aug 2024

Killers That Once Were Humans: Reading The Role Of Modern Law Via Instrumental Rationality, Momen Abdelbari Hassan

Theses and Dissertations

For Max Weber, the process of modernization is the process of rationalization in which it includes every realm in our modern life, such as the economy, science, organization, education, and law. However, this kind of rationalization has created coercive and inhumane conditions because rationalization has converted to being instrumental (value-free) without regard to any transcendental or moral values. The inhumane paradigm has become the only fate of our world. The vision needs rational domination to be achieved through formal rational law. Modern law, along with bureaucratization, has paved the road to rational political domination. This kind of domination captures human …


Pineapple Express: The Legality Of Introducing Cannabis Tourism To Arkansas, Chloe Tyner Aug 2024

Pineapple Express: The Legality Of Introducing Cannabis Tourism To Arkansas, Chloe Tyner

Human Nutrition and Hospitality Management Undergraduate Honors Theses

This research delves into the legal aspects of introducing cannabis tourism to Arkansas. The objective of this study was to create a framework for hospitality professionals in Arkansas to understand what areas of recreational cannabis law would impact their industry should Arkansas legalize recreational cannabis. Through a document analysis comparing Arkansas and Colorado’s liquor and cannabis laws, this study investigated how both states regulate alcohol and cannabis and the legal challenges Colorado has seen since its inception of recreational cannabis sales.

Challenges to this study included a limited existing body of knowledge for cannabis tourism and the contradicting federal and …


Establishing Marine Protected Areas In The Southern Ocean, Lessons For The Bbnj Agreement, Nengye Liu Jul 2024

Establishing Marine Protected Areas In The Southern Ocean, Lessons For The Bbnj Agreement, Nengye Liu

Research Collection Yong Pung How School Of Law

This paper first gives a brief overview of the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR)’s struggle to establish Antarctic Marine Protected Areas (MPAs). The paper then addresses the question: what lessons can countries learn from CCAMLR's experience in establishing high seas MPAs under the Biodiversity in Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction (BBNJ) Agreement? The paper finds that the final text of the BBNJ Agreement did largely reflect CCAMLR's experience when it comes to MPAs. This is particularly so with respect to 1) clarification of the relationship between conservation and use; 2) the interpretation and application of a …


Ks Pop Celebrating Three Years Of Tech-Driven Justice For All, Ayyoub Ajmi Jul 2024

Ks Pop Celebrating Three Years Of Tech-Driven Justice For All, Ayyoub Ajmi

Faculty Works

This article explores the development and impact of the Kansas Protection Order Portal (KS POP), highlighting the vital role of law librarians in the portal's design and implementation. The article showcases how KS POP has streamlined the legal process for domestic violence, sexual assault, and human trafficking victims in Kansas, marking a significant advancement in accessible legal support and serving as a model for future innovations in the justice system.


The Idea Of Implementing Spiliada Principle For Indonesian Court In Hearing Private International Law Cases, Ranto Sabungan Silalahi Jul 2024

The Idea Of Implementing Spiliada Principle For Indonesian Court In Hearing Private International Law Cases, Ranto Sabungan Silalahi

Journal of Private International Law Studies

Indonesia and Singapore are among the ASEAN members and ready to welcome the implementation of the ASEAN Economic Community. The ASEAN Economic Community itself has been planned for a long time and the aim of establishing the ASEAN Economic Community is so that countries that are within ASEAN membership can face the problems of trade and economic activities on a large and global basis. This will certainly increase the number of cross-border transactions and investments between these two nations and other members of the ASEAN community. In reality, the cross-border transactions and investments also involve the Legal Entities and Natural …


Suitability Of Goods: Obligations Of The Parties In International Sales And Purchases Case Study Of The Borecene Sales And Purchase Contract Between Kingspan (England) And Borealis (Denmark), A.D. Agung Sulistyo, Hanna Adistyana Hefni Jul 2024

Suitability Of Goods: Obligations Of The Parties In International Sales And Purchases Case Study Of The Borecene Sales And Purchase Contract Between Kingspan (England) And Borealis (Denmark), A.D. Agung Sulistyo, Hanna Adistyana Hefni

Journal of Private International Law Studies

Globalization, which has contributed to the proliferation of international buying and selling activities, necessitates legal unification to overcome differences in the rules for buying and selling contracts enshrined in national law. Using normative legal research methods and focusing on aspects of the parties' obligations in international sales and purchase contracts, this paper compares the rules contained in Indonesia's Civil Code (KUHPerdata) and the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG). The case of a sales-purchase contract dispute between a British company group and a Danish trading company was also investigated in order to gain a …


Validity Of International Sales Contracts According To The United Nations Convention On Contracts Of The International Sale Of Goods 1980, Thea Mutiara Khalifa Jul 2024

Validity Of International Sales Contracts According To The United Nations Convention On Contracts Of The International Sale Of Goods 1980, Thea Mutiara Khalifa

Journal of Private International Law Studies

This article attempts to shed light on how the United Nations Convention on Contracts of the International Sale of Goods 1980 (CISG) regulates the validity of international sales contracts, using juridical normative research methods through literature studies. According to Article 4(a) of the CISG, the Convention does not govern matters on validity, with certain exceptions. This research shows that CISG governs some matters pertaining to validity: formal validity, initial impossibility of performance, and open-price contracts. As seen from the cases of Forestal Guarani v. Daros International and Geneva Pharmaceuticals v. Barr Laboratories, the CISG allocates those validity issues that do …


Jurisdictional Issues For Cross-Border Copyright Infringement: A Study On Fansite Products, Naura Nabila Ikhsani Aulia Wibowo Jul 2024

Jurisdictional Issues For Cross-Border Copyright Infringement: A Study On Fansite Products, Naura Nabila Ikhsani Aulia Wibowo

Journal of Private International Law Studies

Korean pop (K-Pop) and its fandom culture have penetrated Indonesia, resulting in a flourishing K-pop product sector. Fansite goods, fan-made merchandise originating in Korea, are one of the most popular merchandise among fans. However, because Indonesian fans' purchasing power is still restricted, many of them resort to copyright infringement of fansite goods in order to either own or gain profit from the merchandise. This article will explain whether fansite goods are protected by copyright from which country, and if so, which jurisdiction and law is applicable to rule on a dispute of fansite goods copyright infringement perpetrated by an Indonesian …


Apostille's Effect On Doing Business In Indonesia, Margaretha Uly Pakpahan Jul 2024

Apostille's Effect On Doing Business In Indonesia, Margaretha Uly Pakpahan

Journal of Private International Law Studies

Legalization through Apostille should simplify the legalization process, doing activities abroad and improving Indonesian economic quality. Legalization is a series of procedures performed to authenticate a signature, stamp or seal which aims to provide a valid status for a public document. The legalization process in Indonesia consists of two steps, namely legalization at the Ministry of Law and Human Rights after which legalization is carried out at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Furthermore, the document is shown to the representative of the country intended for legalization. In practice, the legalization process mostly carried out by various agencies in Indonesia, this …


Legal Basis And Procedures Unification On Oil Spill Damage Compensation In International Convention On Civil Liability For Oil Pollution Damage (1992) And The International Convention On Civil Liability For Bunker Oil Pollution Damage (2001): On Indonesian International Private Law Perspective, Cindy A. Prasasti, Kania P. Rahmadiani, Fayza N. Muthmainnah Jul 2024

Legal Basis And Procedures Unification On Oil Spill Damage Compensation In International Convention On Civil Liability For Oil Pollution Damage (1992) And The International Convention On Civil Liability For Bunker Oil Pollution Damage (2001): On Indonesian International Private Law Perspective, Cindy A. Prasasti, Kania P. Rahmadiani, Fayza N. Muthmainnah

Journal of Private International Law Studies

Oil spills into the sea have always been a major threat to the environment since the increase of oil and hazardous substances trade by sea-going vessels and seaborne craft since the 1960s. Consequently, it became necessary to ensure sufficient compensation for persons who suffer from damage caused by pollution emerging from the discharge of oil from ships. The 1969 International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage (Civil Liability Convention/CLC) and The 2001 International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution Damage (Bunker Convention) grant compensation for parties suffering from damages of oil pollution. Despite being established as …