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2010

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Articles 1 - 30 of 98

Full-Text Articles in Law

Can Tax Expenditure Analysis Be Divorced From A Normative Tax Base?: A Critique Of The 'New Paradigm' And Its Denouement, J. Clifton Fleming Jr., Robert J. Peroni Dec 2010

Can Tax Expenditure Analysis Be Divorced From A Normative Tax Base?: A Critique Of The 'New Paradigm' And Its Denouement, J. Clifton Fleming Jr., Robert J. Peroni

Faculty Scholarship

Tax expenditure analysis (TEA) requires a baseline for identifying tax provisions that provide subsidies or incentives instead of serving to define the tax base and to implement the tax. With respect to the federal income tax, the baseline historically has been the Schanz-Haig-Simons (SHS) definition of income with a few modifications. Critics have continuously and strongly attacked TEA by characterizing the SHS baseline as unprincipled, imprecise, and insufficiently related to our hybrid income/consumption tax system as it actually exists. Since the baseline is hopelessly defective, so the critics argue, TEA is fatally dysfunctional and the results of its application ...


Irs Breaks With Tax Court On Deduction Limits, Kimberly Stanley Dec 2010

Irs Breaks With Tax Court On Deduction Limits, Kimberly Stanley

Publications

The deduction of home mortgage interest is one of the most valuable and hotly debated benefits provided in the tax code to individuals. Since 1987, the code has restricted the interest deduction based on the amount of home mortgage debt the taxpayer has incurred, and the reasons for the debt. In a recent ruling, however, the Internal Revenue Service announced it would not follow a court ruling that limited the amount of deductible home mortgage interest — noteworthy because this time the IRS ruled in the taxpayer's favor.


Recessions And The Social Safety Net: The Alternative Minimum Tax As A Counter-Cyclical Fiscal Stabilizer, Brian Galle, Jonathan Klick Dec 2010

Recessions And The Social Safety Net: The Alternative Minimum Tax As A Counter-Cyclical Fiscal Stabilizer, Brian Galle, Jonathan Klick

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

As recent events illustrate, state finances are procyclical: during recessions, state revenues crash, worsening the effects of economic downturns. This problem is well known, yet persistent. We argue here that, in light of predictable federalism and political economy dynamics, states will be unable to change this situation on their own. Additionally, we note that many possible federal remedies may result in worse problems, such as by creating moral hazard that would induce states to take on excessively risky policy, both fiscal and otherwise. Thus, we argue that policymakers should consider so-called “automatic” stabilizers, such as are found in the federal ...


Tilted Versus Reasonable Interpretation Of Tax Law, Steve R. Johnson Nov 2010

Tilted Versus Reasonable Interpretation Of Tax Law, Steve R. Johnson

Scholarly Publications

In part, Interpretation Matters is about the craft of advocacy, how statutory interpretation arguments can be effectively made – and effectively countered – in state and local tax cases. For example, when one’s opponent in such a case invokes one or another of the canons of construction, how is that canon to be blunted?

One strategy we often have explored is fighting fire with fire – that is, identifying and asserting another recognized canon that leads to an opposite conclusion. One of the most famous articles on statutory interpretation arrayed dozens of pairs of canons that seemingly contradict each other. Thus, we ...


Form 8283 And Instructions Nov 2010

Form 8283 And Instructions

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.


Roth Ira Conversions Ii: Beyond The Basics (Slides), Mitchell A. Drossman Nov 2010

Roth Ira Conversions Ii: Beyond The Basics (Slides), Mitchell A. Drossman

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.


Converting To A Roth Ira - 2010 And Beyond (Slides), Mitchell A. Drossman Nov 2010

Converting To A Roth Ira - 2010 And Beyond (Slides), Mitchell A. Drossman

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.


Roth Iras Planning For 2010...And Beyond, Mitchell A. Drossman, Lester B. Law Nov 2010

Roth Iras Planning For 2010...And Beyond, Mitchell A. Drossman, Lester B. Law

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.


Ten Tax Strategies For Compensating Your Key Employees, Catherine M. Marriott Nov 2010

Ten Tax Strategies For Compensating Your Key Employees, Catherine M. Marriott

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

No abstract provided.


Recent Developments In Federal Income Taxation, Ira B. Shepard Nov 2010

Recent Developments In Federal Income Taxation, Ira B. Shepard

William & Mary Annual Tax Conference

This recent developments outline discusses, and provides context to understand the significance of, the most important judicial decisions and administrative rulings and regulations promulgated by the Internal Revenue Service and Treasury Department during the most recent twelve months - and sometimes a little farther back in time if we find the item particularly humorous or outrageous. Most Treasury Regulations, however, are so complex that they cannot be discussed in detail and, anyway, only a devout masochist would read them all the way through; just the basic topic and Jundamental principles are highlighted - unless one of us decides to go nuts and ...


Panelist, Oecd Conference On Intangibles, Hugh Ault Nov 2010

Panelist, Oecd Conference On Intangibles, Hugh Ault

Hugh J. Ault

No abstract provided.


Uso Social Del Suelo Ejidal Y Comunal Para El Desarrollo Equilibrado De Las Áreas Urbanas Del Estado De Puebla, Bruno L. Costantini García Nov 2010

Uso Social Del Suelo Ejidal Y Comunal Para El Desarrollo Equilibrado De Las Áreas Urbanas Del Estado De Puebla, Bruno L. Costantini García

Bruno L. Costantini García

De origen, difundir los diversos esquemas permitidos por la Ley para posibilitar la realización de proyectos con fines inmobiliarios, a efecto de que los núcleos agrarios y sus integrantes se beneficien equitativamente de la urbanización de sus tierras, coadyuvando con ello al desarrollo urbano planificado y ordenado de los centros de población del Estado de Puebla; como consecuencia, impulsar el desarrollo habitacional equilibrado de éste. Eliminar el circulo.- “necesidad de tierra – asentamiento irregular – solución de conflicto”, mediante la planeación socioeconómico de los núcleos agrarios ejidales y comunales, a fin de diseñar un mecanismo eficaz que satisfaga las necesidades de los ...


What Tax Lawyers Need To Know Before Choosing A Forum For Their Next Federal Civil Tax Litigation Dispute, Robert D. Probasco Oct 2010

What Tax Lawyers Need To Know Before Choosing A Forum For Their Next Federal Civil Tax Litigation Dispute, Robert D. Probasco

Robert Probasco

No abstract provided.


Quoted In Bna Daily Tax Report On Uncertain Tax Positions Guidance, Robert D. Probasco Oct 2010

Quoted In Bna Daily Tax Report On Uncertain Tax Positions Guidance, Robert D. Probasco

Robert Probasco

No abstract provided.


Comments On Proposed Amendments To Treasury Circular 230, Robert D. Probasco, David Colmenero, Mandi L. Matlock Oct 2010

Comments On Proposed Amendments To Treasury Circular 230, Robert D. Probasco, David Colmenero, Mandi L. Matlock

Robert Probasco

The vast majority of federal individual income tax return s are prepared by paid tax return preparers or by taxpayers using consumer tax preparation software. Circular 230 governs practice before the Service by attorneys, certified public accountants, enrolled agents, enrolled actuaries, and enrolled retirement plan agents (collectively, "practitioners" ). Circular 230, however, has not applied to paid tax return preparers who did not fall within any of the categories of practitioners. Various observers, including the National Taxpayer Advocate and consumer advocacy groups, have expressed significant concerns about the lack of regulation of such unenrolled tax return preparers. 1n June 2009, Commissioner ...


The Amt's Silver Lining, Brian D. Galle Oct 2010

The Amt's Silver Lining, Brian D. Galle

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

The federal Alternative Minimum Tax has potentially salutary – and heretofore unrecognized – effects that counteract pathologies of state budgets over the business cycle. A taxpayer’s AMT liability increases with income, and acts to eliminate federal tax subsidies for state revenue-raising. Thus, as a state’s income grows and the AMT hits more state residents, state spending becomes more expensive in flush times as the federal tax subsidy for state and local taxes is reduced. Conversely, when state fiscal health deteriorates, the federal tax subsidy grows as fewer state residents fall under the AMT, boosting taxpayer support for state spending. This ...


Pro & Con: Should Congress Adopt A New Tax Credit For Buying A Home? Yes: No Recovery Is Possible If Homeowners Lose Their Homes, Jessica D. Gabel Sep 2010

Pro & Con: Should Congress Adopt A New Tax Credit For Buying A Home? Yes: No Recovery Is Possible If Homeowners Lose Their Homes, Jessica D. Gabel

Faculty Publications By Year

No abstract provided.


Improper Taxation Of The Vowed Religious: How Glenshaw Glass Principles Can Reestablish Horizontal Equity, Samira Alić Omerović Sep 2010

Improper Taxation Of The Vowed Religious: How Glenshaw Glass Principles Can Reestablish Horizontal Equity, Samira Alić Omerović

Boston College Law Review

The 1955 U.S. Supreme Court decision in Commissioner v. Glenshaw Glass Co. defined income as all “undeniable accessions to wealth, clearly realized, and over which the taxpayers have complete dominion.” In cases where members of religious orders assign all earnings to their orders pursuant to the vow of poverty, this definition has not played a role in the courts’ evaluation of proper tax treatment. Consequently, tax treatment of the members of these orders has violated the fundamental principle of horizontal equity, which states that similarly situated taxpayers should receive similar tax treatment. Instead, the Internal Revenue Service and three ...


Intermountain And The Growing Importance Of Administrative Law In Tax Law, Steve R. Johnson Aug 2010

Intermountain And The Growing Importance Of Administrative Law In Tax Law, Steve R. Johnson

Scholarly Publications

On September 29, 2009, Treasury issued regulations retroactively extending the six-year limitations period for income tax deficiencies resulting from basis overstatements. In its May 6 Intermountain decision, the Tax Court unanimously invalidated those regulations, but on divided rationales. The government has appealed.

lntermountain is a must-read for tax academics and practitioners. It is among the richest decisions on the procedural and substantive validity of tax regulations. Moreover, the opinions in the case, subsequent cases on the issue, .and commentary on these opinions and cases present genuine opportunity for improvement of the law.

This report has five sections. Section I sketches ...


The Redemption Puzzle, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah Aug 2010

The Redemption Puzzle, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah

Articles

After the adoption of partial integration in 2003, there has been only a modest rise in dividends, but a sixfold increase in redemptions. This article argues that the explanation for that lies in the different treatment of dividends and capital gains to foreign shareholders and that Congress should respond by making sections 302 and 304 inapplicable to foreign shareholders.


Panelist, Max Planck Insitute For Taxation Advisory Board, Hugh Ault Jul 2010

Panelist, Max Planck Insitute For Taxation Advisory Board, Hugh Ault

Hugh J. Ault

No abstract provided.


Morgens: More Qtip Mischief, Wendy G. Gerzog Jul 2010

Morgens: More Qtip Mischief, Wendy G. Gerzog

All Faculty Scholarship

In Morgens, the court ruled in favor of the government that section 2035(b) applied to the gift taxes paid by the qualified terminable interest property (QTIP) trust beneficiaries to gross up the widow’s estate by that amount. Because the surviving (or donee) spouse must be taxed on the underlying property over which she has no ownership rights, Congress enacted section 2207A to allow the second spouse to recover from the beneficiaries of the property the transfer taxes relating to her gift or estate inclusion. However, the court held that section 2207A did not shift the gift tax liability ...


Transfer Pricing, Hugh Ault Jul 2010

Transfer Pricing, Hugh Ault

Hugh J. Ault

Chaired meeting of 45 governmental and academic specialist


Delimitación Téorica Del Delito Penal Fiscal, Bruno L. Costantini García Jul 2010

Delimitación Téorica Del Delito Penal Fiscal, Bruno L. Costantini García

Bruno L. Costantini García

Anális de los elementos constitutivos del delito fiscal, la acción delictiva, los grados de ejecución, la consumación y los responsables.

Pretende distinguir el delito penal común del delito penal fiscal con base en sus elementos y pretende aportar una reflexión de la criminalización del delito fiscal en nuestros tiempos, usado por la Autoridad Hacendaria como un medio de represíón y de opresión de los derechos del contribuyente.


Tax Court Invalidates New Section 6501(E) Regulations, Steve R. Johnson Jul 2010

Tax Court Invalidates New Section 6501(E) Regulations, Steve R. Johnson

Scholarly Publications

The title of an article of mine in the Fall 2009 issue of the NewsQuarterly asked “What’s Next in the Section 6501(e) Overstated Basis Controversy?” The Tax Court answered that question on May 6, 2010, in its decision Intermountain Insurance Service of Vail, LLC v. Commissioner, 134 T.C. No. 11. In that decision, the court invalidated two temporary regulations that had been issued on September 24, 2009: sections 301.6229(c)(2)-IT and 301.6501(e)-IT.


Federal Tax Update, Robert D. Probasco Jun 2010

Federal Tax Update, Robert D. Probasco

Robert Probasco

No abstract provided.


La Globalización De La Legislación Cambiaria, Bruno L. Costantini García Jun 2010

La Globalización De La Legislación Cambiaria, Bruno L. Costantini García

Bruno L. Costantini García

No abstract provided.


Hacia Un Marco Económico Del Impuesto A La Renta Empresarial, José Manuel Martin Coronado Jun 2010

Hacia Un Marco Económico Del Impuesto A La Renta Empresarial, José Manuel Martin Coronado

José-Manuel Martin Coronado

El ámbito económico del Impuesto a la Renta Empresarial, y de los gastos deducibles para su determinación, puede dividirse en dos espacios: i) Espacio microeconómico y ii) Espacio macroeconómico. En la actualidad, la práctica del derecho tributario se encuentra frecuentemente vinculada con la contabilidad empresarial, por lo que los estudios contables y/o de abogados se encargan de resolver problemas contables-tributarios en la esfera empresarial que se encuentra subsumida en la esfera microeconómica. Por el contrario, en la esfera macroeconómica, por ejemplo, la política fiscal o tributaria de un Estado, es rara vez analizada por la práctica jurídica o contable ...


Comments On Proposal Regarding Uncertain Tax Positions, Robert D. Probasco, Bruce Bernstien, Mark Horowitz May 2010

Comments On Proposal Regarding Uncertain Tax Positions, Robert D. Probasco, Bruce Bernstien, Mark Horowitz

Robert Probasco

These comments are presented on behalf of the Section of Taxation of the State Bar of Texas. The principal drafters of these comments were Robert D. Probasco, Mark Horowitz and Bruce Bemstien. Additional contributors were Val J. Albright, David E. Colmenero, Joel N. Crouch, Brian Dethrow, Kenneth M. Horwitz and Ronald D. Kerridge. The Committee on Government Submissions (COGS) of the Section of Taxation of the State Bar of Texas has approved these comments. Daniel G. Baucum is the Chair of COGS, and Emily Parker and Daniel J. Micciche reviewed the comments on behalf of COGS.

The following comments are ...


The Case Against Taxing Citizens, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah May 2010

The Case Against Taxing Citizens, Reuven S. Avi-Yonah

Articles

The bipartisan tax reform bill recently introduced by Sens. Ron Wyden, D-Ore., and Judd Gregg, R-N.H., proposes to abolish IRC section 911. That section, which exempts U.S. citizens living overseas from tax on the first $80,000 of earned income, is indeed anomalous in the context of a tax on all income "from whatever source derived," and has been subjected to criticism. However, there is a reason section 911 has been in the code since the 1920s: In its absence, citizenship-based taxation becomes completely unadministrable. Rather than continuing the long argument over section 911, Congress should therefore reexamine ...