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2011

Criminal Law

Institution
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Articles 1 - 30 of 283

Full-Text Articles in Law

Summary Of Rogers V. State, 127 Nev. Adv. Op. No. 88, Amanda Ireland Dec 2011

Summary Of Rogers V. State, 127 Nev. Adv. Op. No. 88, Amanda Ireland

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

An appeal from a district court denial of a petition for a writ of habeas corpus, with consideration of the scope and applicability of Graham v. Florida to a term-of-years sentence.


Summary Of State V. Dist. Ct., 127 Nev. Adv. Op. 84, Michelle Newman Dec 2011

Summary Of State V. Dist. Ct., 127 Nev. Adv. Op. 84, Michelle Newman

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Court considered the State’s petition for a writ of mandamus challenging the district court’s exclusion of blood alcohol test results obtained by retrograde extrapolation from the prosecution of defendant for driving under the influence.


Summary Of Toston V. State, 127 Nev. Adv. Op. 87, Kendra Kisling Dec 2011

Summary Of Toston V. State, 127 Nev. Adv. Op. 87, Kendra Kisling

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Court considered an appeal of a district court order denying a writ of habeas corpus.


No Change In Sight For Sentencing Guidelines, Wes R. Porter Dec 2011

No Change In Sight For Sentencing Guidelines, Wes R. Porter

Publications

In the post-Booker era, the commission must reinvent itself to provide a useful tool for the courts in determining punishment, explains Wes Reber Porter of Golden Gate University School of Law.


Sex, Privacy And Public Health In A Casual Encounters Culture, Mary D. Fan Dec 2011

Sex, Privacy And Public Health In A Casual Encounters Culture, Mary D. Fan

Articles

The regulation of sex and disease is a cultural and political flashpoint and recurring challenge that law's antiquated arsenal has been hard- pressed to effectively address. Compelling data demonstrate the need for attention—for example, one in four women aged fourteen to nineteen is infected with at least one sexually transmitted disease ("STD"); managing STDs costs an estimated $15.9 billion annually; and syphilis, once near eradication, is on the rise again, as are the rates of HIV diagnosis among people aged fifteen to twenty-four. Public health officials on the front lines have called for paradigm changes to tackle ...


What One Lawyer Can Do For Society: Lessons From The Remarkable Career Of William P. Homans, Jr., Mark S. Brodin Dec 2011

What One Lawyer Can Do For Society: Lessons From The Remarkable Career Of William P. Homans, Jr., Mark S. Brodin

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

William P. Homans Jr. was an iconic civil liberties and criminal defense lawyer who mentored generations of younger lawyers that followed in his path. He appeared in cases that defined his times, from representing targets of the McCarthy-era inquisitions of the 1950s, to defending publishers of books like Tropic of Cancer when the authorities sought to suppress them, to serving on the defense team in the conspiracy trial of internationally-renowned pediatrician Benjamin Spock and four other leaders of the anti-Vietnam-War movement, to defending a doctor charged with manslaughter arising from an abortion he performed soon after Roe v. Wade legalized ...


The Islamic Rule Of Lenity, Intisar A. Rabb Nov 2011

The Islamic Rule Of Lenity, Intisar A. Rabb

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

This Article explores an area of close parallel between legal doctrines in the contexts of Islamic law and American legal theory. In criminal law, both traditions espouse a type of “rule of lenity”—that curious common law rule that instructs judges not to impose criminal sanctions in cases of doubt. The rule is curious because criminal law is a peremptory expression of legislative will. However, the rule of lenity would seem to encourage courts to disregard one of the most fundamental principles of Islamic and American legislation and adjudication: judicial deference to legislative supremacy. In the Islamic context, such a ...


Apprendi And The Dynamics Of Guilty Pleas, Stephanos Bibas Nov 2011

Apprendi And The Dynamics Of Guilty Pleas, Stephanos Bibas

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


The Corroborative Effect Of Lies, Siyuan Chen Nov 2011

The Corroborative Effect Of Lies, Siyuan Chen

Research Collection School Of Law

PP v Kamrul Hasan Abdul Quddus [2010] SGHC 7; Kamrul Hasan Abdul Quddus v PP [2011] SGCA 52. Overview of the case: In PP v Kamrul Hasan Abdul Quddus, the accused was charged with murder. He and the deceased had been in a tumultuous relationship, and the main evidence that connected the deceased’s death to the accused, apart from the fact that her body was found in the construction site that the accused worked at, was that DNA taken from her rectum tested positive for semen that matched his DNA.


Summary Of Nunnery V. State, 127 Nev. Adv. Op. 69, Sabrina Dolson Oct 2011

Summary Of Nunnery V. State, 127 Nev. Adv. Op. 69, Sabrina Dolson

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Court considers an appeal of a death penalty sentence for a first-degree murder conviction.


Summary Of Wilson V. State, 127 Nev. Adv. Op. 68, Aaron K. Haar Oct 2011

Summary Of Wilson V. State, 127 Nev. Adv. Op. 68, Aaron K. Haar

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Court considered an appeal from the district court’s dismissal of Petitioner’s third state petition for writ of habeas corpus in light of McConnell v. State.


Summary Of Stephans V. State, 127 Nev. Adv. Op. 65, Emily Navasca Oct 2011

Summary Of Stephans V. State, 127 Nev. Adv. Op. 65, Emily Navasca

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Court considered an appeal of a grand larceny conviction, based on witness testimony used to prove the value of the stolen goods.


A Brave New World Of Stop And Frisk, Ronald J. Bacigal Oct 2011

A Brave New World Of Stop And Frisk, Ronald J. Bacigal

Law Faculty Publications

In this article, the author Ron Bacigal discusses the editorials, The Shame of New York by Bob Herbert and Fighting Crime Where the Criminals Are by Heather MacDonald. These editorials were prompted by the New York City Police Department's release of figures regarding "stop and frisk" incidents within New York City.' MacDonald and Herbert reacted to the same statistical report by putting two very different spins on the raw data. While it's always helpful to compile empirical evidence, Bacigal suggests that we also need to look beyond the mere numbers. If you put aside anecdotal versions of encounters ...


A Look At In Re Fabian A.: Examining The Extension Of Due Process Protections And Failure To Object As Waiver In The Juvenile Justice System, Elizabeth Bannon Oct 2011

A Look At In Re Fabian A.: Examining The Extension Of Due Process Protections And Failure To Object As Waiver In The Juvenile Justice System, Elizabeth Bannon

Connecticut Public Interest Law Journal

Vol. 11, No. 1


Maine's Women Offenders: What Do We Know?, Erica King Msw, Jillian Foley Mppm, Mark Rubin Oct 2011

Maine's Women Offenders: What Do We Know?, Erica King Msw, Jillian Foley Mppm, Mark Rubin

Justice Policy

Although Maine has one of the lowest incarceration rates of any state for both men and women, between 1999 and 2004 the state experienced an increase of 114 percent in incarceration of women, the largest increase in the nation. This study provides a descriptive analysis of the characteristics of women entering Maine's probation system in 2004, 2005 and 2006, and examines the factors contributing to recidivism, defined as an arrest for a new crime (misdemeanor or felony) while under probation supervision. The study finds that recidivism rates of Maine's women offenders vary considerably by county and by offense ...


Criminal Law’S Tribalism, Molly Townes O'Brien Oct 2011

Criminal Law’S Tribalism, Molly Townes O'Brien

Connecticut Public Interest Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Review Of Sex, Murder, And The Unwritten Law: Courting Judicial Mayhem, Texas Style. By Bill Neal., Paul N. Spellman Oct 2011

Review Of Sex, Murder, And The Unwritten Law: Courting Judicial Mayhem, Texas Style. By Bill Neal., Paul N. Spellman

Great Plains Research: A Journal of Natural and Social Sciences

"If, as has often been contended, truth is the first casualty of traditional warfare, then logic, it appears, is the first casualty of sexual warfare." And with that thematic statement in hand, author Bill Neal is off to the proverbial races with an often delightful, sometimes troubling, and generally entertaining legal discourse on the so-called "unwritten law": that a cuckolded husband or a woman wronged has the God-given right to avenge or be avenged, even to redress by murder. With a curiously dispassionate, or at least overly serious, foreword by Cal State-Fullerton professor Gordon Morris Bakken, Neal's tales of ...


Educating Prosecutors And Supreme Court Justices About Brady V. Maryland, Bennett L. Gershman Oct 2011

Educating Prosecutors And Supreme Court Justices About Brady V. Maryland, Bennett L. Gershman

Elisabeth Haub School of Law Faculty Publications

The author reviews the Supreme Court decision in Connick v. Thompson and provides a course outline, including problems, for training prosecutors on their duty to disclose materially favorable evidence to the defendant under Brady v. Maryland.


Protecting Liberty And Autonomy: Desert/Disease Jurisprudence, Stephen J. Morse Oct 2011

Protecting Liberty And Autonomy: Desert/Disease Jurisprudence, Stephen J. Morse

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

This contribution to a symposium on the morality of preventive restriction on liberty begins by describing the positive law of preventive detention, which I term "desert/disease jurisprudence." Then it provides a brief excursus about risk prediction (estimation), which is at the heart of all preventive detention practices. Part IV considers whether proposed expansions of desert jurisprudence are consistent with retributive theories of justice, which ground desert jurisprudence. I conclude that this is a circle that cannot be squared. The following Part canvasses expansions of disease jurisprudence, especially the involuntary civil commitment of mentally abnormal, sexually violent predators, and the ...


Unwell: Indiana V. Edwards And The Fate Of Mentally Ill Pro Se Defendants, John H. Blume, Morgan J. Clark Oct 2011

Unwell: Indiana V. Edwards And The Fate Of Mentally Ill Pro Se Defendants, John H. Blume, Morgan J. Clark

Cornell Law Faculty Publications



Remarks Of William Van Alstyne On The Brandenburg Panel, William W. Van Alstyne Oct 2011

Remarks Of William Van Alstyne On The Brandenburg Panel, William W. Van Alstyne

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Plea Bargaining, Discovery, And The Intractable Problem Of Impeachment Disclosures, R. Michael Cassidy Oct 2011

Plea Bargaining, Discovery, And The Intractable Problem Of Impeachment Disclosures, R. Michael Cassidy

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

In a criminal justice system where guilty pleas are the norm and trials the rare exception, the issue of how much discovery a defendant is entitled to before allocution has immense significance. This article examines the scope of a prosecutor’s obligation to disclose impeachment information before a guilty plea. This question has polarized the criminal bar and bedeviled the academic community since the Supreme Court’s controversial decision in United States v. Ruiz (2002). A critical feature of the debate has been the enduring schism between a prosecutor’s legal and ethical obligations – a gulf that the American Bar ...


Migrant Smuggling: Canada's Response To A Global Criminal Enterprise: With An Assessment Of The Preventing Human Smugglers From Abusing Canada's Immigration System Act (Bill C-4), Benjamin Perrin Oct 2011

Migrant Smuggling: Canada's Response To A Global Criminal Enterprise: With An Assessment Of The Preventing Human Smugglers From Abusing Canada's Immigration System Act (Bill C-4), Benjamin Perrin

All Faculty Publications

Migrant smuggling is a dangerous, sometimes deadly, criminal activity which cannot be rationalized, justified, or excused. From both a supply and demand side, failing to respond effectively to migrant smuggling and deter it will risk emboldening those who engage in this illicit enterprise, which generates proceeds for organized crime and criminal networks, funds terrorism and facilitates clandestine terrorist travel; endangers the lives and safety of smuggled migrants, undermines border security, with consequences for the Canada/U.S. border, and undermines the integrity and fairness of Canada’s mmigration system. Introduced in Parliament in June, 2011, the Preventing Human Smugglers from ...


Summary Of Ford V. State, 127 Nev. Adv. Op. No. 55, Alan R. Smith Sep 2011

Summary Of Ford V. State, 127 Nev. Adv. Op. No. 55, Alan R. Smith

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

Appeal from a district court judgment of conviction, by way of a jury verdict, for pandering of prostitution.


Summary Of State V. Hughes, 127 Nev. Adv. Op. 56, Brandon Sendall Sep 2011

Summary Of State V. Hughes, 127 Nev. Adv. Op. 56, Brandon Sendall

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

Appeal from a district court order dismissing a production of child pornography charge, based on the conclusion that NRS 200.710 is unconstitutionally vague.


Summary Of Adam V. State, 127 Nev. Adv. Op. No. 54, Matthew Vantusko Sep 2011

Summary Of Adam V. State, 127 Nev. Adv. Op. No. 54, Matthew Vantusko

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

An appeal from a judgment of conviction, pursuant to a jury verdict, for trafficking in a controlled substance.


Brief Of Amici Curiae On Behalf Of Appellants, Paul Dewolfe, Jr., Et Al. V. Quinton Richmond, Et Al., 2011 No. 34, A.J. Bellido De Luna, Michael Pinard Sep 2011

Brief Of Amici Curiae On Behalf Of Appellants, Paul Dewolfe, Jr., Et Al. V. Quinton Richmond, Et Al., 2011 No. 34, A.J. Bellido De Luna, Michael Pinard

Court Briefs

In this case the appellants sought to overturn a decision by the Circuit Court for Baltimore City that held criminal defendants have a right to representation by an attorney at an initial bail hearing. Due to their concern about the quality of justice given to criminal defendants in the state’s criminal justice process, law professors at both the University of Baltimore and the University of Maryland filed an amicus brief with the Maryland Court of Appeals in support of the appellees.

The amici presented one issue: Did a Court of Appeals decision in 2001 holding that the Maryland Public ...


Confrontation Clause Again Before High Court, Robert K. Calhoun Sep 2011

Confrontation Clause Again Before High Court, Robert K. Calhoun

Publications

This past term, the U.S. Supreme Court decided the latest in a series of confrontation clause cases that began in 2004 with Crawford v. Washington, 541 U.S. 36. In Bullcoming v. New Mexico, 11 C.D.O.S. 7706, the court held that the confrontation clause does not permit the government to introduce a forensic lab report in a criminal trial through the in-court testimony of an analyst who did not personally perform or observe the test that formed the basis for the report.


Section 3: Criminal, Institute Of Bill Of Rights Law At The William & Mary Law School Sep 2011

Section 3: Criminal, Institute Of Bill Of Rights Law At The William & Mary Law School

Supreme Court Preview

No abstract provided.


A Normative Theory Of The Clean Hands Defense, Ori J. Herstein Sep 2011

A Normative Theory Of The Clean Hands Defense, Ori J. Herstein

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

What is the clean hands defense (CHD) normatively about? Courts designate court integrity as the CHD’s primary norm. Yet, while the CHD may at times further court integrity it is not fully aligned with court integrity. In addition to occasionally instrumentally furthering certain goods (e.g., court legitimacy, judge integrity, deterrence), the CHD embodies two judicially undetected norms: retribution and tu quoque (“you too!”). Tu quoque captures the moral intuition that wrongdoers are in no position to blame, condemn, or make claims on others who are guilty of similar or related wrongdoing. The CHD shares the structure of the ...