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Full-Text Articles in Law

A New Dawn For The Common Law: A Proposal For A New Court System For The Asean Trade In Goods Agreement, Nicholas R. Gucciardo Nov 2023

A New Dawn For The Common Law: A Proposal For A New Court System For The Asean Trade In Goods Agreement, Nicholas R. Gucciardo

William & Mary Business Law Review

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) formed the ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreement (ATIGA) to facilitate trade liberalization between the bloc’s members. The ASEAN Member States have continued to implement the agreement according to the dispute settlement mechanism set out in the ASEAN Protocol on Enhanced Dispute Settlement Mechanism (Protocol). However, this Note will argue that the current dispute settlement mechanism (DSM) is inadequate because the panel system does not always provide a final forum for disputes between Member States. A new mechanism is necessary to better adhere to the principles of the ASEAN Charter, strengthen Southeast Asia as …


The Unified Field Solution To The Battle Of The Forms Under The U.N. Sales Convention, Michael P. Van Alstine Oct 2020

The Unified Field Solution To The Battle Of The Forms Under The U.N. Sales Convention, Michael P. Van Alstine

William & Mary Law Review

Ours is not an age of nuance. Simple and certain answers are the preferred course, the more so for complicated questions. But human affairs do not come in neat little boxes, and most forms of human interaction are messy, complicated, and idiosyncratic. The station of the law nonetheless is to distill commonalities, draw lines, and craft generally applicable norms of conduct. The problem is that as the subject of regulation grows in complexity and diversity, the ability of the law to make just generalizations decreases. And many fields of human activity reflect a true spectrum, such that certain rules and …


Charter Cities, Lan Cao Mar 2019

Charter Cities, Lan Cao

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


Corporations As Semi-States, Jay Butler Jan 2019

Corporations As Semi-States, Jay Butler

Faculty Publications

When Ebola came to West Africa in 2014, Liberia could not cope. The State’s already fragile public health infrastructure was largely ineffective in responding to the illness and preventing its spread. And, the World Health Organization’s support was slow and stilted. By contrast, Firestone, a tire company that operates a vast rubber plantation in Liberia and runs its own hospital for 80,000 employees, family dependents, and persons in neighboring localities, responded to the virus much more effectively.

This Article uses Firestone’s Ebola response as an entry point to study a phenomenon too frequently overlooked. Many for-profit firms that maintain operations …


Infringement, Unbound, Sarah R. Wasserman Rajec Oct 2018

Infringement, Unbound, Sarah R. Wasserman Rajec

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Environment And Nafta Policy Debate Redux: Separating Rhetoric From Reality, Linda J. Allen Apr 2018

The Environment And Nafta Policy Debate Redux: Separating Rhetoric From Reality, Linda J. Allen

William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

No abstract provided.


Python Crossing Prohibited: The Interplay Of Ethics, Aesthetics, Regulation, And Industry Transformation In The Luxury Apparel Market, Sophia Mossberg Apr 2017

Python Crossing Prohibited: The Interplay Of Ethics, Aesthetics, Regulation, And Industry Transformation In The Luxury Apparel Market, Sophia Mossberg

William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

No abstract provided.


The Intellectual Property Hostage In Trade Retaliation, Sarah R. Wasserman Rajec Dec 2016

The Intellectual Property Hostage In Trade Retaliation, Sarah R. Wasserman Rajec

Faculty Publications

Intellectual property law has become bound up in a debate about appropriate remedies for violations of the World Trade Organization Agreement. As an alternative to traditional countermeasures that consist of retaliation under the violated agreement, the World Trade Organization ("WTO ") contemplates that violations of one of its covered agreements may be remedied through "cross-retaliation, " or retaliation under another agreement. One form of cross-retaliation has garnered interest in recent years: the threat to suspend intellectual property rights in response to unrelated trade violations

Cross-retaliation through intellectual property rights suspension is theoretically appealing for its potential to avoid problems inherent …


Patents Absent Adversaries, Sarah R. Wasserman Rajec Apr 2016

Patents Absent Adversaries, Sarah R. Wasserman Rajec

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Fueled By Free Trade: Wto Trade Agreements Ensuring The Proliferation Of Solar Technology, John Ferriss May 2015

Fueled By Free Trade: Wto Trade Agreements Ensuring The Proliferation Of Solar Technology, John Ferriss

William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

No abstract provided.


Boosting The Private Space Industry: Extending Nasa’S Duty-Free Import Exemption To Commercial Space Companies, Katherine Gustafson Feb 2015

Boosting The Private Space Industry: Extending Nasa’S Duty-Free Import Exemption To Commercial Space Companies, Katherine Gustafson

William & Mary Business Law Review

The United States has a strong reputation for being at the forefront of space exploration. The commercial space industry in the United States is flourishing, yet the United States government is not effectively using its resources to help the industry. Currently, the United States government has some policies in place that promote the private space sector. Nonetheless, the government favors its own failing agency, NASA, by giving it extra benefits in the form of exemptions from import duties. Extending an exemption from import duties to the commercial space industry, however, would have several beneficial effects on the United States that …


Standing For Human Rights Abroad, Evan J. Criddle Jan 2015

Standing For Human Rights Abroad, Evan J. Criddle

Faculty Publications

When may states impose coercive measures such as asset freezes, trade embargos, and investment restrictions to protect the human rights of foreign nationals abroad? Drawing inspiration from Hugo Grotius’s guardianship account of humanitarian intervention, this Article offers a new theory of states’ standing to enforce human rights abroad: under some circumstances, international law authorizes states to impose countermeasures as fiduciary representatives, asserting the human rights of oppressed foreign peoples for the benefit of those peoples. The fiduciary theory explains why all states may use countermeasures to vindicate the human rights of foreign nationals abroad despite the fact that they do …


The Global Cost Of Green: Recent Trade Issues And Litigation Between The United States And China May Dissolve Global Green Cooperation, David P. Vincent Dec 2014

The Global Cost Of Green: Recent Trade Issues And Litigation Between The United States And China May Dissolve Global Green Cooperation, David P. Vincent

William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

This Article begins by looking at how China has moved forward in embracing green technology development, the government’s role in that growth and whether its support is truly harmful on a global scale. It highlights key laws in the United States and the WTO involving trade—specifically subsidies, countervailing duties and anti-dumping regulations. An examination of recent trade cases involving the United States and China is followed by an analysis of America’s recent trade-oriented actions and legislation. Lastly, this Article will consider the legal implications of recent trade developments between these countries as well as policy implications, including the effect on …


Free Trade In Patented Goods: International Exhaustion For Patents, Sarah R. Wasserman Rajec Apr 2014

Free Trade In Patented Goods: International Exhaustion For Patents, Sarah R. Wasserman Rajec

Faculty Publications

Modern international trade law seeks to increase global welfare by lowering barriers to trade and encouraging international competition. This “free trade” approach, while originally applied to reduce tariffs on trade, has been extended to challenge non-tariff barriers, with modern trade agreements targeting telecommunication regulations, industrial and product safety standards, and intellectual property rules. Patent law, however, remains inconsistent with free-trade principles by allowing patent holders to subdivide the world market along national borders and to forbid trade in patented goods from one nation to another. This Article demonstrates that the doctrines thwarting free trade in patented goods are protectionist remnants …


Good Vibrations: The Push For New Laws And Industry Practices In American Instrument Making, Patrick Genova Dec 2013

Good Vibrations: The Push For New Laws And Industry Practices In American Instrument Making, Patrick Genova

William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

No abstract provided.


Avoiding Fcpa Suprises: Safe Harbor From Successor Liability In Cross-Border Mergers And Acquisitions, Adam Prestidge Oct 2013

Avoiding Fcpa Suprises: Safe Harbor From Successor Liability In Cross-Border Mergers And Acquisitions, Adam Prestidge

William & Mary Law Review

No abstract provided.


Taming The Fcpa Overreach Through An Adequate Procedures Defense, Dieter Juedes Feb 2013

Taming The Fcpa Overreach Through An Adequate Procedures Defense, Dieter Juedes

William & Mary Business Law Review

Currently many American corporations must pursue and develop international business relationships. For these American firms, the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) is the most important U.S. law governing international commerce. The FCPA prohibits firms from bribing foreign officials for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business in a foreign country. Despite its infrequent use during the last quarter of the twentieth century, Department of Justice (DOJ) and Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) enforcement actions under the statute have exploded in the last few years. Due to this increase in enforcement and the difficulties in complying with the FCPA, the anti-bribery …


Information Wants To Be Free (Of Sanctions): Why The President Cannot Prohibit Foreign Access To Social Media Under U.S. Export Regulations, Jarred O. Taylor Iii Nov 2012

Information Wants To Be Free (Of Sanctions): Why The President Cannot Prohibit Foreign Access To Social Media Under U.S. Export Regulations, Jarred O. Taylor Iii

William & Mary Law Review

No abstract provided.


Regulatory And Judicial Implementations Of Patent Law Flexibilities, Sarah R. Wasserman Rajec May 2012

Regulatory And Judicial Implementations Of Patent Law Flexibilities, Sarah R. Wasserman Rajec

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Foreword, Judith M. Barzilay Sep 2011

Foreword, Judith M. Barzilay

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Free Trade And Sustainability Through The Lens Of Nicaragua: How Cafta-Dr Should Be Amended To Promote The Triple Bottom Line, Paulette L. Stenzel Apr 2010

Free Trade And Sustainability Through The Lens Of Nicaragua: How Cafta-Dr Should Be Amended To Promote The Triple Bottom Line, Paulette L. Stenzel

William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

No abstract provided.


Courting Specialization: An Empirical Study Of Claim Construction Comparing Patent Litigation Before Federal District Courts And The International Trade Commission, David L. Schwartz Apr 2009

Courting Specialization: An Empirical Study Of Claim Construction Comparing Patent Litigation Before Federal District Courts And The International Trade Commission, David L. Schwartz

William & Mary Law Review

The United States International Trade Commission (ITC) has recently become an important adjudicator of patent infringement disputes, and the administrative law judges (ALJs) on the ITC are widely viewed as experts on patent law. This Article empirically examines the performance of the ITC in patent claim construction cases. The Article also compares the performance of the ITC on claim construction with that of federal district courts of general jurisdiction. This study does not find any evidence that the patent-experienced ALJs of the ITC are more accurate at claim construction than district court judges or that the ALJs learn from the …


Gently Modified Operations: How Environmental Concerns Addressed Through Customs Procedures Can Successfully Resolve The Us-Eu Gmo Dispute, David E. Sella-Villa Apr 2009

Gently Modified Operations: How Environmental Concerns Addressed Through Customs Procedures Can Successfully Resolve The Us-Eu Gmo Dispute, David E. Sella-Villa

William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

No abstract provided.


A Review Of The Role Of The Cites Secretariat In The Implementation Of The Non-Detriment Finding Requirement, Alice Stroud Apr 2006

A Review Of The Role Of The Cites Secretariat In The Implementation Of The Non-Detriment Finding Requirement, Alice Stroud

William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

No abstract provided.


Sequencing, Acoustic Separation, And 3-D Negotiation Of Complex Barriers: Charlene Barshefsky And Ip Rights In China, Rebecca Green, James K. Sebenius Jan 2003

Sequencing, Acoustic Separation, And 3-D Negotiation Of Complex Barriers: Charlene Barshefsky And Ip Rights In China, Rebecca Green, James K. Sebenius

Faculty Publications

Taking the perspective of the lead U.S. negotiator, Charlene Barshefsky, this article details and analyzes the negotiations that took place in the mid-1990s between the United States and the People's Republic of China over intellectual property rights (IPR). Employing a "negotiation analytic" methodology, Charlene Barshefsky's actions are interpreted to suggest a number of promising approaches to managing the daunting complexities of trade and other negotiations: recognizing the multiparty aspects of apparently bilateral dealings and capturing them in a "deal diagram;" carefully assessing "barriers" to agreement; sequencing to build a winning coalition and overcome potentially blocking ones; "acoustic separation" of issueframes; …


The Jordan Free Trade Agreement: Free Trade And The Environment, Emily Harwood Dec 2002

The Jordan Free Trade Agreement: Free Trade And The Environment, Emily Harwood

William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

No abstract provided.


Importing Death As A Part Of Free Trade: An Argument For A Prohibition On The Importation Of Foods Containing The Residue Of Banned Pesticides, Derek Redmond Oct 2002

Importing Death As A Part Of Free Trade: An Argument For A Prohibition On The Importation Of Foods Containing The Residue Of Banned Pesticides, Derek Redmond

William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

No abstract provided.


In Need Of Enlightenment: The International Trade Commission's Misguided Analysis In Sunset Reviews, Jennifer K. King Apr 2002

In Need Of Enlightenment: The International Trade Commission's Misguided Analysis In Sunset Reviews, Jennifer K. King

William & Mary Law Review

No abstract provided.


Corporate And Products Identity In The Post-National Economy: Rethinking U.S. Trade Laws, Lan Cao Jan 2002

Corporate And Products Identity In The Post-National Economy: Rethinking U.S. Trade Laws, Lan Cao

Faculty Publications

In the global economy, a General Motors automobile may involve South Korean assembly; Japanese engines; German design and style engineering; Taiwanese, Singaporean, and Japanese small components; British advertising and marketing; and Irish and Barbadian data processing. What is the country of origin of this product? How should U.S. trade laws evaluate a product's origin, if it is a global composite with research, assembly, processing, and manufacturing performed in different countries? Similarly, corporations have become increasingly global in orientation and operations. Even "national" corporations have lost their territorial ties to the state of their nationality. Through a phenomenon termed "global outsourcing" …


Judicial Review And Global Federalism, Charles H. Koch Jr. Jan 2002

Judicial Review And Global Federalism, Charles H. Koch Jr.

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.