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Supreme Court of the United States

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Bankruptcy

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Absolute Priority And New Value, James J. White Jan 1991

Absolute Priority And New Value, James J. White

Articles

This paper is based on a lecture given on December 6, 1990 ast the Second Annual Robert E. Krinock Lecture. The absolute priority rule is a specific application of the broader doctrine that reorganization plans must be "fair and equitable." Both have their origins in the railroad reorganization cases of the early 20th century. The general doctrine is now codified in section 1129(b)(2) of the Bankruptcy Code and the rule is codified in subsection 1129(b)(2)(B)(ii) which provides that the debtor must pay a nonconsenting class of unsecured creditors in full or "the holder of ...


The Bildisco Case And The Congressional Response, James J. White Jan 1984

The Bildisco Case And The Congressional Response, James J. White

Articles

Section 365 of the Bankruptcy Reform Act authorizes one in bankruptcy to "assume or reject any executory contract ...of the debtor." The most frequent use of the section arises when a lessee goes into Chapter 11 and decides either to reject its real estate lease with its lessor or, if the lease is at a favorable rental rate, to assume it and assign it to another. A less frequent but more controversial use of section 365 is to reject one's collective bargaining agreement with his employees.


Insurance Policies As Assets In Bankruptcy, Evans Holbrook Jan 1918

Insurance Policies As Assets In Bankruptcy, Evans Holbrook

Articles

The Supreme Court of the United States, in the recent case of Cohen v. Samuels, 38 Sup. Ct. 36, has put an end to a method, approved by some of the lower Federal Courts, whereby a person could create a fund which would be completely under his control but which would nevertheless be protected against any claim on the part of his trustee in bankruptcy. The circumstances in the principal case were as follows: Samuels had taken out ordinary life insurance policies, with the usual provisions as to loan and surrender values, payable to certain of his relatives as beneficiaries ...


When Is A Preferential Transfer Required To Be Recorded?, Evans Holbrook Jan 1916

When Is A Preferential Transfer Required To Be Recorded?, Evans Holbrook

Articles

In the recent case of Carey v. Donohue, 36 Sup. Ct. 386, the Supreme Court of the United States has passed on a question that has for years been vexing the Circuit Courts of Appeals, namely: When is the recording of a preferential transfer "required" under § 60 of the'Bankruptcy Act of 1898 as amended in 1903 and 1910. § 60a (as amended in 1903) defines a preference as a transaction by which property of an insolvent debtor is transferred, within four months before his bankruptcy, in such a way that the debt owing to one of his creditors will be ...


Discharge In Bankruptcy Of Principal's Inchoate Obligation To Indemnify His Surety, Evans Holbrook Jan 1915

Discharge In Bankruptcy Of Principal's Inchoate Obligation To Indemnify His Surety, Evans Holbrook

Articles

In the recent case of R. P. Williams, et al. v. United States Fidelity and Guaranty Company, 35 Sup. Ct. 289, the United States Supreme Court has at last passed upon a question that has vexed the courts ever since the enactment of the Bankruptcy Act of 1898. As stated by the Supreme Court, the question is this: "Does a discharge in bankruptcy acquit an express obligation of the principal to indemnify his surety against loss by reason of their joint bond conditioned to secure his faithful performance of a building contract broken prior to the bankruptcy when the surety ...


Depositors' Checks In Payment Of Matured Obligations Held By Drawee Bank As Preferences, Ralph W. Aigler Jan 1913

Depositors' Checks In Payment Of Matured Obligations Held By Drawee Bank As Preferences, Ralph W. Aigler

Articles

Since the case of New York County Bank I. Massey, 192 U. S. 138, there has been no doubt as to the right of a debtor of a bankrupt's estate to exercise the right of set-off as preserved by § 68a of the Bankruptcy Act. In that case it was laid down dearly that such right of set-off may be exercised despite the provisions of § 60a, which covers the matter of preferences. The question very frequently arises when bankers apply deposit balances upon matured obligations of customers. If such application is made within four months of the time when the ...