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Sexuality and the Law

1999

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Sexual Policy And The Military: A Need For A Primer On The Birds And The Bees, Ibpp Editor Dec 1999

Sexual Policy And The Military: A Need For A Primer On The Birds And The Bees, Ibpp Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article describes some basic misconceptions about sex as explicated in the personnel and security policies of the United States Department of Defense (DOD).


What Money Cannot Buy: A Legislative Response To C.Rac.K., Adam B. Wolf Dec 1999

What Money Cannot Buy: A Legislative Response To C.Rac.K., Adam B. Wolf

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

Children Requiring a Caring Kommunity (C.R.A.C.K.) is an organization that pays current or former drug addicts $200 to be sterilized. While generating great public controversy, C.R.A.C.K. is expanding rapidly throughout the country. Its clients are disproportionately poor women of color, who are coerced by the offer of money into permanently relinquishing their reproductive rights. This Note argues that C.R.A.C.K. is a program of eugenical sterilization that cannot be tolerated. Moreover, C.R.A.C.K. further violates settled national public policy by offensively commodifying the ill-commodifiable, by demeaning women, and by starting down a slippery slope with devastating consequences. This Note proposes legislation that …


It's Not Just Hair: Historical And Cultural Considerations For An Emerging Technology, Deborah Pergament Dec 1999

It's Not Just Hair: Historical And Cultural Considerations For An Emerging Technology, Deborah Pergament

Chicago-Kent Law Review

History reflects the social, religious and political importance of human hair. Individuals have used hairstyles to flaunt social conventions about gender, race, sexual identity, and social status. Totalitarian governments have regulated hairstyles as a means of social control and dehumanization. Today, advances in technology now make it possible to discover information about an individual's current or potential health status. Judicial decisions and administrative regulations offer individuals limited protection from state or institutional intrusion into the information revealed by genetic hair analysis. This Article argues that the explosion of technologies that use hair to reveal intimate details of an individual's biological …


Suffer The Little Children: Justifying Same-Sex Marriage From The Perspective Of A Child Of The Union, Lewis A. Silverman Dec 1999

Suffer The Little Children: Justifying Same-Sex Marriage From The Perspective Of A Child Of The Union, Lewis A. Silverman

West Virginia Law Review

No abstract provided.


Multivocal Prejudices And Homo Equality, William N. Eskridge Oct 1999

Multivocal Prejudices And Homo Equality, William N. Eskridge

Indiana Law Journal

Addison C. Harris Lecture, October 27, 1998, Indiana University Law School.


"Distinctions Without A Difference"; How The Sixth Circuit Misread Romer V. Evans, Jason D. Kimpel Jul 1999

"Distinctions Without A Difference"; How The Sixth Circuit Misread Romer V. Evans, Jason D. Kimpel

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Brief Of Intervenor, Women’S Legal Education And Action Fund (Leaf), M.V.H., Laura Spitz May 1999

Brief Of Intervenor, Women’S Legal Education And Action Fund (Leaf), M.V.H., Laura Spitz

Faculty Scholarship

LEAF submits that the heterosexual definition of spouse ins. 29 of the Family Law Act R. S.O. 1990 c. F .3 completely denies lesbians who otherwise meet the tl:1reshoid criteria to apply for a support award. The effect of this denial violates lesbians' right to equal benefit and protection of the law contrary to s. 15(1) of the Charter, and cannot be justified under s.1 of the Charter.


Pansexuality And The Law, Jennifer Ann Drobac Apr 1999

Pansexuality And The Law, Jennifer Ann Drobac

William & Mary Journal of Race, Gender, and Social Justice

No abstract provided.


Sexual Harassment In The Virginia Dental Hygiene Profession, Anne Pennington Apr 1999

Sexual Harassment In The Virginia Dental Hygiene Profession, Anne Pennington

Dental Hygiene Theses & Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Institutions And Underworld Academics, Judith A. Reisman Phd Mar 1999

Institutions And Underworld Academics, Judith A. Reisman Phd

Judith A. Reisman

No abstract provided.


Liability For Student-To-Student Sexual Harassment Under Title Ix In Light Of Davis V. Monroe County Board Of Education, George M. Rowley Mar 1999

Liability For Student-To-Student Sexual Harassment Under Title Ix In Light Of Davis V. Monroe County Board Of Education, George M. Rowley

Brigham Young University Education and Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Coercing Privacy, Anita L. Allen Mar 1999

Coercing Privacy, Anita L. Allen

All Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Trends. The Senate Trial Of President Clinton: There's More Than One Way To Wag The Dog, Ibpp Editor Jan 1999

Trends. The Senate Trial Of President Clinton: There's More Than One Way To Wag The Dog, Ibpp Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author discusses "wagging the dog" as it relates to the current presidential scandal.


Massachusetts' Domestic Partnership Challenge: Hope For A Better Future, Jennifer Levi Jan 1999

Massachusetts' Domestic Partnership Challenge: Hope For A Better Future, Jennifer Levi

Faculty Scholarship

Acknowledging that its decision means that "some household members" may be without a "critical social necessity," the Massachusetts Supreme Iudicial Court (SJC) ruled in Connors v. City of Boston that Boston Mayor Thomas M. Menino's executive order granting health insurance benefits to the domestic partners of city employees could not stand in the face of a Massachusetts state insurance law. In Connors, the SJC simultaneously recognized that although the demographics of Massachusetts households have changed within the more than forty years since the state insurance law, G.L. c. 32B (Chapter 32B), was adopted, that law nevertheless constrains municipalities from extending …


The Freedom To Marry For Same-Sex Couples: The Opening Appellate Brief Of Plaintiffs Stan Baker Et Al. In Baker Et Al. V. State Of Vermont, Mary Bonauto, Susan M. Murray, Beth Robinson Jan 1999

The Freedom To Marry For Same-Sex Couples: The Opening Appellate Brief Of Plaintiffs Stan Baker Et Al. In Baker Et Al. V. State Of Vermont, Mary Bonauto, Susan M. Murray, Beth Robinson

Michigan Journal of Gender & Law

As the first state to prohibit slavery by constitution, and one of the few states which, from its inception, extended the vote to male citizens who did not own land, the State of Vermont has long been at the forefront of this nation's march toward full equality for all of its citizens. In July 1997, three same-sex couples challenged Vermont to act as a leader yet again, this time in affording full civil rights to the State's gay and lesbian citizens. Stan Baker and Peter Harrigan, Nina Beck and Stacy Jolles, and Holly Puterbaugh and Lois Farnham were denied marriage …


Regulating Sexual Relationships Between Faculty And Students, Margaret H. Mack Jan 1999

Regulating Sexual Relationships Between Faculty And Students, Margaret H. Mack

Michigan Journal of Gender & Law

Universities must create an effective learning environment for students; university policy should be directed at creating an atmosphere of mutual respect and trust. Whenever a faculty-student sexual relationship causes a student to drop a class, or a thesis, or school, that student has suffered a serious harm. Universities cannot simply answer that the student consented to the relationship and should handle the consequences. A university without a well-established and promulgated policy, one that at least acknowledges the risks involved in faculty-student sexual relationships and gives students a list of faculty and staff members to contact for support, seriously fails the …


Consensual Relationships And The Constitution: A Case Of Liberty Denied, Gary E. Elliot Jan 1999

Consensual Relationships And The Constitution: A Case Of Liberty Denied, Gary E. Elliot

Michigan Journal of Gender & Law

On many university and college campuses, there exists an anti-civil-libertarian spirit reminiscent of the McCarthy period. During the 1940s and early 1950s, regents, trustees, academic administrations, and the American Association of University Professors (AAUP), although each for a different reason, persuaded the Academy to repress personal liberty. It is difficult to pinpoint precisely when constitutionally and statutorily protected liberties and rights became secondary to insulating educational institutions from damage suits in their pursuit of a selective social and political agenda.


Bisexual Jurisprudence: A Tripolar Approach To Law And Society, Rachel Haynes Jan 1999

Bisexual Jurisprudence: A Tripolar Approach To Law And Society, Rachel Haynes

Michigan Journal of Gender & Law

Part I of this Review will briefly assess the principal arguments in Colker's book. In Part II, Colker's book will be situated within the larger currents of the discussion concerning bisexuality and the arguments for a bisexual jurisprudence. Part III critiques Colker's concept of a bisexual jurisprudence as applied to sexual hybrids from the standpoint of an identity, as well as a legal, skeptic. Part IV will sketch out some important implications for the advancement of a bisexual jurisprudence as well as question the need for a bisexual jurisprudence. This review concludes that the addition of a bisexual jurisprudence, like …


Same-Sex Domestic Violence, Nancy J. Knauer Jan 1999

Same-Sex Domestic Violence, Nancy J. Knauer

Nancy J. Knauer

Same-sex domestic violence is a difficult topic. The LGBT communities have been reluctant to discuss same-sex domestic violence for fear of validating negative stereotypes and detracting from the push for legal recognition of such relationships. The relative silence on this issue continues despite the fact that individuals in same-sex relationships are more likely to be abused by their partners than beaten in an act of anti-gay violence. and despite legislative efforts to restrict domestic violence laws to cover only different-sex couples. The political downside of discussing same-sex domestic violence is obvious. Anti-gay organizations invoke same-sex domestic violence to bolster their …


Critical Of Race Theory: Race, Reason, Merit And Civility, Nancy Levit Jan 1999

Critical Of Race Theory: Race, Reason, Merit And Civility, Nancy Levit

Nancy Levit

A hazard lurks in any but the most careful representation of another's viewpoint. Call it "slippage" or the "essentialist error," the point is that communication rarely does complete justice to its object. The problem is compounded when the communication is mediated. We all know that between a story and its retelling, something will get lost in translation. Consider feminism, gay legal theory, and critical race theory, and their depictions in academic journals and the popular media. Newspapers and news magazines have recently published a spate of academic trash talk accusing critical race theorists of "playing the race card" and indulging …


Megan's Law: Analysis On Whether It Is Constitutional To Notify The Public Of Sex Offenders Via The Internet, 17 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 1133 (1999), Susan Oakes Jan 1999

Megan's Law: Analysis On Whether It Is Constitutional To Notify The Public Of Sex Offenders Via The Internet, 17 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 1133 (1999), Susan Oakes

UIC John Marshall Journal of Information Technology & Privacy Law

Because of the public demand for stronger governmental action against those who commit violent and sexual offenses against children, Congress implemented "Megan's Law" which mandated that the registered information of criminal child sex offenders be unlimited in disclosure so long as the information released is necessary to protect the public. Megan's Law and the Internet (as useful medium for communicating information on sex offenders), fulfill a similar goal as criminal cases receiving media attention because both aid in protecting the public from potential crimes committed by dangerous sex offenders. Megan's Law is constitutional because it is not punitive and because …


Some Thoughts On The Conduct/Status Distinction, Sherry F. Colb Jan 1999

Some Thoughts On The Conduct/Status Distinction, Sherry F. Colb

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Supreme Court, Sexual Citizenship And The Idea Of Progress, Kendall Thomas Jan 1999

The Supreme Court, Sexual Citizenship And The Idea Of Progress, Kendall Thomas

Faculty Scholarship

Is American Progressive Constitutionalism dead ... yet? I propose to seek the beginnings of an answer to this question in the pages of a recent decision by the United States Supreme Court. I do feel obliged to say this, not because I am committed to a court-centered adjudicative conception of American constitutionalism; to the contrary. But rather, because the decision on which I want to focus seems to me to offer a rich resource for critical reflection on the idea of self-government whose connections to Progressive Constitutionalism give us our topic this afternoon.


Women And The Internet, Carlin Meyer Jan 1999

Women And The Internet, Carlin Meyer

Articles & Chapters

No abstract provided.


Violence Against Women In South Africa: The Role Of Culture And The Limitations Of The Law, Penelope Andrews Jan 1999

Violence Against Women In South Africa: The Role Of Culture And The Limitations Of The Law, Penelope Andrews

Articles & Chapters

This paper describes the role of culture in perpetuating violence against women. It does this by contextualizing violence against women in South Africa within the grand project of transformation taking place there, and highlighting the possibilities of fundamental restructuring, with respect to rights and equality for women, when the feminist project intersects with the non-racial project. The paper, therefore, visits a familiar question, namely, the obstacles to transformation when the eradication of racism takes precedence over the elimination of sexism, as it historically has in South Africa. In addition, this paper describes recent attempts by the legislature and courts in …


Gay Rights For Gay Whites: Race, Sexual Identity, And Equal Protection Discourse, Darren L. Hutchinson Jan 1999

Gay Rights For Gay Whites: Race, Sexual Identity, And Equal Protection Discourse, Darren L. Hutchinson

Faculty Articles

My argument proceeds in four parts. Part I situates my discussion of the synergistic relationship among race, class, gender, and sexuality within a broader body of research on the "intersectionality'' of systems of oppression and of identity categories. Part I then examines how my scholarship attempts to advance this literature both substantively and conceptually. Part II expounds my claim that the comparative and essentialist treatment of race and sexuality within pro-gay and lesbian theory and politics marginalizes gay, lesbian, bisexual, and trans­gendered persons of color and constructs and reinforces the notion that the gay and lesbian community is uniformly white …


Gender Discrimination Within The Reproductive Health Care System: Viagra V. Birth Control, Lisa A. Hayden Jan 1999

Gender Discrimination Within The Reproductive Health Care System: Viagra V. Birth Control, Lisa A. Hayden

Journal of Law and Health

This Article begins with an examination of the prescription drug, Viagra and the medical condition it is intended to aid. Additionally, this Article evaluates the five most common, and FDA approved forms of contraceptives: contraceptive pills, intrauterine devices (IUD's), Depo-Provera shots, Norplant inserts and diaphragms. A basic understanding of the above prescriptions is necessary to determine if health care inequity exists between men and women in the area of prescriptive coverage, or if there is such a difference between the medical conditions involved that insurance companies are justified in excluding contraceptive coverage while including Viagra coverage. Part III of this …


De Facto Parents And The Unfulfilled Promise Of The New Ali Principles, Julie Shapiro Jan 1999

De Facto Parents And The Unfulfilled Promise Of The New Ali Principles, Julie Shapiro

Faculty Articles

Alternative families - those that do not fit the classic nuclear family model - have been the focus of legal reform over the last twenty years. The American Law Institute has produced model legislation recognizing de facto parents as holders of some limited rights. To some this is a more flexible regime that would benefit non-nuclear families, in particular lesbian families. This article critiques the ALI draft, demonstrating that its promise is largely illusory.


A Lesbian-Centered Critique Of Second-Parent Adoptions, Julie Shapiro Jan 1999

A Lesbian-Centered Critique Of Second-Parent Adoptions, Julie Shapiro

Faculty Articles

When lesbian couples start families, one woman often begins with all the legal entitlements of parenthood, either by giving birth or by virtue of adopting a child, while the other woman has no legal rights. She is a non-legal parent. Absent legal rights she suffers many critical disadvantages. Second-parent adoptions have been developed to allow lesbians to create families with two-legal parents. They have been widely hailed as a solution to the problem of the non-legal parent. This article argues, however, that for many women they may actually make matters worse. Because some women can use second-parent adoptions, women who …


Domestic Partnership Benefits: Why Not Offer Them To Same-Sex Partners And Unmarried Opposite Sex Partners, Debbie Zielinski Jan 1999

Domestic Partnership Benefits: Why Not Offer Them To Same-Sex Partners And Unmarried Opposite Sex Partners, Debbie Zielinski

Journal of Law and Health

Employers offering these benefits to same-sex domestic partners only, may face legal challenges such as marital status and sexual orientation discrimination or equal protection arguments from their unmarried heterosexual employees. In addition, states and municipalities have been increasing the potential of such litigation by passing laws that prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation and marital status especially in the areas of housing and employment. This Note examines the potential of such legal challenges when employers use the narrow definition in structuring their domestic partner benefit programs. In addition, avoiding challenges by simply not offering benefits will be discussed. However, before …