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Chuck And Steve's Peccadillo (Symposium: Threats To Secured Lending And Asset Securitization), James J. White Jan 2004

Chuck And Steve's Peccadillo (Symposium: Threats To Secured Lending And Asset Securitization), James J. White

Articles

Are investors in securitized receivables to be treated as the owners of an asset whose sale has taken it beyond the reach of the trustee in bankruptcy of their sellers? O are they to be treated as holders of a security interest in the transferred asset who have left behind an interest in the sellers' hands that would cause the asset to be subject to claims and interference by the sellers' grasping trustee? By adopting contrasting-arguably conflicting-statements in two subsections of a single section, the drafters of 1999 Article 9 have thrust this issue in the faces of courts and ...


Death And Resurrection Of Secured Credit, James J. White Jan 2004

Death And Resurrection Of Secured Credit, James J. White

Articles

The Bankruptcy Reform Act of 1978 (the Code) posed palpable threats to secured creditors. It was drafted by a commission that was at least as concerned with the rights of debtors as with the rights of creditors. It was modified and adopted by a Congress that might have been the most liberal since World War II and signed into law by President Carter at the apogee of the left's power, two years before the Reagan election that marked the rise of the right and the beginning of the left's decline. The power of the left was exerted most ...


Introducing Revised Article 9 Of The Uniform Commercial Code, John L. Mccabe, Arthur H. Travers Jan 2001

Introducing Revised Article 9 Of The Uniform Commercial Code, John L. Mccabe, Arthur H. Travers

Articles

No abstract provided.


A Central Filing System For Financing Statements, Arthur H. Travers, John L. Mccabe Jan 1999

A Central Filing System For Financing Statements, Arthur H. Travers, John L. Mccabe

Articles

No abstract provided.


Rights Of Subrogation In Letters Of Credit Transactions, James J. White Jan 1996

Rights Of Subrogation In Letters Of Credit Transactions, James J. White

Articles

The past twenty years have seen more than a dozen cases, in which parties to letter of credit transactions have sought subrogation to the rights of the person they have paid or to the rights of the persons on behalf of whom, they have acted.' The most obvious case arises when the issuer of a standby letter of credit pays a beneficiary on a debt that is owed to the beneficiary by a bankrupt applicant. Having failed to take 'collateral from the applicant, the issuer seeks to be subrogated to the security interest of the beneficiary. Failing subrogation, the issuer ...


Preference Conundrums, James J. White, Daniel Israel Jan 1993

Preference Conundrums, James J. White, Daniel Israel

Articles

Every law teacher and many law students and practitioners understand the intellectual sport to be found in Section 547 on preference law. Because the preference rules are so intricate, rigorously logical-but really not logical-they command more than their fair attention, not only in law school but also in continuing legal education and even in the courts. Our purpose in this article is not to answer any of the difficult questions or to give a global explanation of preference law. Rather it is to confront a few of the conundrums in Section 547 and to follow the paths of those conundrums ...


Absolute Priority And New Value, James J. White Jan 1991

Absolute Priority And New Value, James J. White

Articles

This paper is based on a lecture given on December 6, 1990 ast the Second Annual Robert E. Krinock Lecture. The absolute priority rule is a specific application of the broader doctrine that reorganization plans must be "fair and equitable." Both have their origins in the railroad reorganization cases of the early 20th century. The general doctrine is now codified in section 1129(b)(2) of the Bankruptcy Code and the rule is codified in subsection 1129(b)(2)(B)(ii) which provides that the debtor must pay a nonconsenting class of unsecured creditors in full or "the holder of ...


Preserving Purchase Money Security Interests And Allocating Payments, Lynda Kay Chandler Apr 1987

Preserving Purchase Money Security Interests And Allocating Payments, Lynda Kay Chandler

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

This Note explores the rationale underlying the courts' conflicting decisions in light of the purposes of the UCC. It concludes that the language of the UCC and its goals of uniformity and simplification require that a PMSI should not be entirely destroyed because a creditor also has a security interest in items the debtor acquired after the purchase money transaction or because a creditor extends additional credit. The best solution is to permit the creditor to retain a PMSI, to the extent of the purchase money loan, in those goods that the creditor's loan helped to purchase.

Part I ...


Taking From Farm Lenders And Farm Debtors: Chapter 12 Of The Bankruptcy Code, James J. White Jan 1987

Taking From Farm Lenders And Farm Debtors: Chapter 12 Of The Bankruptcy Code, James J. White

Articles

In passing Chapter 12 of the Bankruptcy Reform Act, Congress has effectively invalidated certain important provisions of existing farm mortgages. Equally significant, Congress has disabled farmers from granting binding mortgages on the full, value of their property. Although no court is likely to find the Chapter to violate the fifth amendment, the Chapter constitutes a substantial and retroactive alteration of the rights of existing mortgagees and a restriction on the powers of prospective mortgagors to grant valid mortgages. The thesis of this paper is that Congress was both wrong and shortsighted in its enactment of Chapter 12. Congress was wrong ...


The Transformation Rule Under Section 522 Of The Bankruptcy Code Of 1978, Raymond B. Check Oct 1985

The Transformation Rule Under Section 522 Of The Bankruptcy Code Of 1978, Raymond B. Check

Michigan Law Review

This Note rejects the statutory arguments that have been advanced in favor of the transformation rule, and argues that the rule is inconsistent with both the policies motivating section 522 of the Bankruptcy Code and the overall purposes of the U.C.C. priority system. Part I examines the treatment of purchase money security in the U.C.C. scheme. It also describes the exemption provisions of the 1978 Bankruptcy Code and the legislative concerns that shaped those provisions. Part II summarizes the judicial adoption of the transformation rule and the statutory basis relied upon by courts in applying it ...


Efficiency Justifications For Personal Property Security, James J. White Jan 1984

Efficiency Justifications For Personal Property Security, James J. White

Articles

In February of 1983 Pan American World Airways issued 100 million dollars of convertible secured notes. As security for these notes it put up three Boeing 747 SP aircraft, two 747-100 aircraft, and one McDonnell Douglas DC10-30. The appraised value of these aircraft was 157 million dollars. To the extent possible under the law, Pan American made these aircraft subject to the claims of the owners of the new notes. On default, the note holders would have the first claim on these aircraft, would have the right to repossess them outside of bankruptcy, and would have the right to the ...


The Recent Erosion Of The Secured Creditor's Rights Through Cases, Rules And Statutory Changes In Bankruptcy Law, James J. White Jan 1983

The Recent Erosion Of The Secured Creditor's Rights Through Cases, Rules And Statutory Changes In Bankruptcy Law, James J. White

Articles

One can view the law of creditors' rights as a series of cyclesin which alternatively the rights of the creditor and then those of the debtor are in ascendancy. Looking back through Americanlegislative history, one sees both the state legislatures and the Congress intervening on behalf of debtors in a variety of ways onmany occasions. An early example of such intervention was the enactment, particularly in the Midwest and West, of generous exemption laws that removed a variety of property beyond the reach of general creditors. A second example is the enactment of usury laws, which continue to be a ...


Avoiding Liens Under The New Bankruptcy Code: Construction And Application Of Section 522(F), Judy Toyer Apr 1982

Avoiding Liens Under The New Bankruptcy Code: Construction And Application Of Section 522(F), Judy Toyer

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

This Note argues that strict construction of section 522(0(2) is most consistent with congressional intent. Part I discusses the congressional rationale behind lien avoidance. Part II examines present efforts to apply section 522(f)(2), and concludes that judicial interpretation to date has proved largely inadequate. Finally, Part III proposes new judicial guidelines and statutory amendments designed to standardize application of the lien avoidance provision in a manner consistent with the congressional intent behind the Reform Act.


Preferential Transfers On The Eve Of The Bankruptcy Amendments, Richard M. Kohn Dec 1968

Preferential Transfers On The Eve Of The Bankruptcy Amendments, Richard M. Kohn

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

While secured lenders may have been content to ride the crest of judicial legislation, the only permanent solution to the problem lie in amending either the Bankruptcy Act, the Uniform Commercial Code, or both. This at least is the view taken by the National Bankruptcy Conference's Committee on Coordination of the Uniform Commercial Code and Bankruptcy Act. Since its first meeting in June 1966, the Committee has focused its attention primarily upon the validity, in bankruptcy proceedings, of Article 9 security interests in after-acquired property. In September 1967, the Committee submitted to the Bankruptcy Conference its first draft of ...


Conflicting Perfected Security Interests In Proceeds Under Article 9 Of The Uniform Commercial Code, Michigan Law Review Jan 1968

Conflicting Perfected Security Interests In Proceeds Under Article 9 Of The Uniform Commercial Code, Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

Section 9-306 gives the inventory financer a "continuously perfected" security interest in the proceeds of the inventory if the security interest in the original collateral was perfected. "Proceeds" is defined as including "whatever is received when collateral or proceeds is sold, exchanged, collected or otherwise disposed of." Thus, the inventory financer may have a security interest in the proceeds of the original collateral or the proceeds of the proceeds. The security interest in the proceeds may be perfected in either of two ways: (1) under section 9-306(3)(a) the security interest is perfected by filing a financing statement that ...