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Security interests

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Full-Text Articles in Law

The Perfection And Priority Rules For Security Interests In Copyrights, Patents, And Trademarks: The Current Structural Dissonance And Proposed Legislative Cures, Thomas M. Ward Feb 2018

The Perfection And Priority Rules For Security Interests In Copyrights, Patents, And Trademarks: The Current Structural Dissonance And Proposed Legislative Cures, Thomas M. Ward

Maine Law Review

The structural legal dissonance that undermines the effective financing of federal intellectual property rights (patents, trademarks registrations, copyrights, and maskworks) is rooted in the prominence of title in both the early conceptual history of personal property financing and in the language of the federal tract recording acts. While genuine ownership transfers have always represented the prototype under the federal intellectual property recording statutes, transfers intended for security were also originally included because of the early judicial thinking about the importance of title to the validity (against third parties) of a “mortgage” right in intangible personal property. As products of their ...


Immovable-Associated Equipment Under The Draft Mac Protocol: A Sui Generis Challenge For The Cape Town Convention, Benjamin Von Bodungen, Charles W. Mooney Jr. Jan 2017

Immovable-Associated Equipment Under The Draft Mac Protocol: A Sui Generis Challenge For The Cape Town Convention, Benjamin Von Bodungen, Charles W. Mooney Jr.

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

UNIDROIT is in the process of adopting a fourth Protocol under the umbrella of the Cape Town Convention, the MAC Protocol, which will cover mining, agricultural and construction equipment. This article addresses a challenge faced by the MAC Protocol that was not encountered in the development of the previous Protocols - the potential for MAC equipment to be associated with immovable property in ways that result in the holder of an interest in the immovable property acquiring an interest in the associated MAC equipment under the law of the State in which the immovable property is located. The article first discusses ...


Security Assistance In Africa: The Case For Less, Kersti Larsdotter Jun 2015

Security Assistance In Africa: The Case For Less, Kersti Larsdotter

The US Army War College Quarterly: Parameters

No abstract provided.


A Sea Change In Creditor Priorities, Kristen Van De Biezenbos Apr 2015

A Sea Change In Creditor Priorities, Kristen Van De Biezenbos

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

This Article argues that the operation of maritime law undermines a primary justification for creditor priorities under U.S. law. Under current law, when a debtor becomes insolvent, its secured creditors will be paid the full amount of their debt to the extent of their security interest, even if that leaves nothing to pay unsecured creditors. This is controversial with respect to involuntary unsecured creditors, particularly those with tort claims against the debtor. Defenders of this scheme of priorities have argued that allowing greater priority to involuntary creditors would hinder the availability or increase the cost of credit. However, involuntary ...


Securitization Of Aberrant Contract Receivables, Thomas E. Plank Jan 2014

Securitization Of Aberrant Contract Receivables, Thomas E. Plank

UTK Law Faculty Publications

Originators of traditional receivables, such as automobile loans, use securitization and structured finance debt transactions to obtain financing at lower net costs than traditional secured financing. The typical securitization or structured finance debt transaction combines (i) a sale of receivables to a separate, bankruptcy remote, special purpose legal entity (an “SPE”) and (ii) a loan to the SPE secured by the receivables. This combination produces lower net financing costs because the SPE’s lender can obtain repayment of its loan from the receivables while avoiding the costs that the Bankruptcy Code imposes on direct secured lenders to originators that could ...


Harmonizing Choice-Of-Law Rules For International Insolvency Cases: Virtual Territoriality, Virtual Universalism, And The Problem Of Local Interests, Charles W. Mooney Jr. Jan 2014

Harmonizing Choice-Of-Law Rules For International Insolvency Cases: Virtual Territoriality, Virtual Universalism, And The Problem Of Local Interests, Charles W. Mooney Jr.

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

This paper explores the potential content and feasibility of a set of harmonized choice of law rules (HICOL Rules) that would apply in insolvency proceedings. It contemplates a main insolvency proceeding opened in a debtor’s center of main interests (“COMI”) and the existence of (or possibility of opening) one or more non-main (or secondary) proceedings. It also contemplates the possibility that an insolvency representative in a main or non-main proceeding may seek and be granted recognition in another state under the UNCITRAL Model Law on Cross-Border Insolvency (codified as Chapter 15 of the Bankruptcy Code in the U.S ...


The Cape Town Convention’S Improbable-But-Possible Progeny Part One: An International Secured Transactions Registry Of General Application, Charles W. Mooney Jr. Jan 2014

The Cape Town Convention’S Improbable-But-Possible Progeny Part One: An International Secured Transactions Registry Of General Application, Charles W. Mooney Jr.

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

This essay is Part One of a two-part essay series. It outlines and evaluates two possible future international instruments. Each instrument draws substantial inspiration from the Cape Town Convention and its Aircraft Protocol (together, the “Convention”). The Convention governs the secured financing and leasing of large commercial aircraft, aircraft engines, and helicopters. It entered into force in 2006. It has been adopted by sixty Contracting States (fifty-four of which have adopted the Aircraft Protocol), including the U.S., China, the E.U., India, Ireland, Luxembourg, Russia, and South Africa.

A novel, distinctive, and path-breaking feature of the Convention is the ...


When Is A Dog’S Tail Not A Leg?: A Property-Based Methodology For Distinguishing Sales Of Receivables From Security Interests That Secure An Obligation, Steven L. Harris, Charles W. Mooney Jr. Jan 2014

When Is A Dog’S Tail Not A Leg?: A Property-Based Methodology For Distinguishing Sales Of Receivables From Security Interests That Secure An Obligation, Steven L. Harris, Charles W. Mooney Jr.

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

There are two principal ways in which a firm that is owed money payable in the future but needs the money now may use its rights to payment (“receivables”) to obtain the needed financing. It might sell its receivables, or it might borrow and use the receivables as collateral to secure the loan. Different legal consequences follow depending on whether the transaction is a true sale or is a security interest that secures an obligation (a “SISO”).

These legal consequences are particularly salient when the firm enters bankruptcy. If the transaction is a sale, then the buyer can collect the ...


Dodd-Frank Orderly Liquidation Authority: Too Big For The Constitution?, Thomas W. Merrill, Margaret L. Merrill Jan 2014

Dodd-Frank Orderly Liquidation Authority: Too Big For The Constitution?, Thomas W. Merrill, Margaret L. Merrill

Faculty Scholarship

Title II of the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 establishes a new specialized insolvency regime, known as orderly liquidation, for systemically significant nonbank financial companies. While well intended, Title II unfortunately raises a number of serious constitutional questions. To vest authority in an Article III judge to appoint a receiver for such companies, yet also avoid a financial panic, Dodd–Frank requires that the judicial proceedings be conducted in secret, with no notice to the public or other interested parties on pain of criminal penalties, and that the judge rule on the petition to ...


U.C.C. Article 9, Filing-Based Authority, And Fundamental Property Principles: A Reply To Professor Plank, Steven L. Harris, Charles W. Mooney Jr. Sep 2013

U.C.C. Article 9, Filing-Based Authority, And Fundamental Property Principles: A Reply To Professor Plank, Steven L. Harris, Charles W. Mooney Jr.

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Uniform Commercial Code Article 9 generally follows the common-law principle that one cannot give rights in property that one does not have (nemo dat quod non habet). In many circumstances, however, Article 9’s priority rules, including its rule awarding priority to the first security interest that is perfected or as to which a financing statement has been filed, trump nemo dat and enable a debtor to grant a senior security interest in property that the debtor previously had encumbered. In this article, Professors Steven Harris and Charles Mooney argue that, properly understood, the first-to-file-or-perfect rule confers upon a debtor ...


Effects Of The New Bankruptcy Code On Creditors With Secured Claims In Residential Real Property, Richard Mednick Feb 2013

Effects Of The New Bankruptcy Code On Creditors With Secured Claims In Residential Real Property, Richard Mednick

Pepperdine Law Review

The sweeping changes brought about by the Bankruptcy Reform Act of 1978 may have a profound effect on the secured interests of lenders. The rights of a creditor against a debtor, and the procedure that he must follow vary with the chapter of the new Bankruptcy Code under which the debtor files his claim. Richard Mednick, a Judge on the Bankruptcy Court for the Central District of California, explains the procedures required and the interest affected by the most commonly invoked chapters of the new code. Judge Mednick strongly urges that creditors become familiar with these changes, as some new ...


Bringing Manufactured Housing Into The Real Estate Finance System, Ann M. Burkhart Feb 2012

Bringing Manufactured Housing Into The Real Estate Finance System, Ann M. Burkhart

Pepperdine Law Review

Eight percent of the United States population - more than 23 million people - live in manufactured homes (also called mobile homes). In some years, more than 30% of the new homes sold have been manufactured. Moreover, manufactured housing is the most important form of unsubsidized affordable housing in this country. Up to two-thirds of the new affordable homes built each year have been manufactured. However, the manufactured housing industry currently is struggling to survive a meltdown in its sales and finance markets. A tremendous obstacle to the industry’s recovery is that most manufactured homes are characterized as personal property, though ...


Cars In Chapter 13: Does Negative Equity Destroy The Jurisdiction Of The Hanging Paragraph, David Gray Carlson Jan 2012

Cars In Chapter 13: Does Negative Equity Destroy The Jurisdiction Of The Hanging Paragraph, David Gray Carlson

Articles

Roughly speaking, the “hanging paragraph” to Bankruptcy Code 1325(a), enacted in 2005, requires that a debtor pay the full debt on any automobile acquired within 910 days before bankruptcy – a boon for car financiers. Prior to 2005 the debtor had to pay only the appraised value of the car – usually a lesser amount. But the privilege bestowed on car financiers by the hanging paragraph depends on the financier providing “purchase money” credit. About one-third of the time, however, the financier advances funds to repay a prior car loan as part of the “trade-in” of an old vehicle for a ...


The Recent Amendments To Ucc Article 9: Problems And Solutions, David Frisch Jan 2011

The Recent Amendments To Ucc Article 9: Problems And Solutions, David Frisch

Law Faculty Publications

This article examines three of the forthcoming amendments to Article 9 in some detail: (1) the required name of an individual on a financing statement; (2) the perfection of collateral following the debtor's relocation to a new jurisdiction; and (3) collateral acquired by a new debtor. In the interest of brevity, the discussion of other, less noteworthy, amendments of the statutory text and Official Comments is not as complete. The primary purpose of this article is to off er guidance to legal professionals confronting particular issues under current and future Article 9.


Chuck And Steve's Peccadillo (Symposium: Threats To Secured Lending And Asset Securitization), James J. White Jan 2004

Chuck And Steve's Peccadillo (Symposium: Threats To Secured Lending And Asset Securitization), James J. White

Articles

Are investors in securitized receivables to be treated as the owners of an asset whose sale has taken it beyond the reach of the trustee in bankruptcy of their sellers? O are they to be treated as holders of a security interest in the transferred asset who have left behind an interest in the sellers' hands that would cause the asset to be subject to claims and interference by the sellers' grasping trustee? By adopting contrasting-arguably conflicting-statements in two subsections of a single section, the drafters of 1999 Article 9 have thrust this issue in the faces of courts and ...


Searching For Federal Tax Liens: The Typical Search For Ucc Financing Statements May Not Be Good Enough, Dennis H. Long Jan 2004

Searching For Federal Tax Liens: The Typical Search For Ucc Financing Statements May Not Be Good Enough, Dennis H. Long

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


Death And Resurrection Of Secured Credit, James J. White Jan 2004

Death And Resurrection Of Secured Credit, James J. White

Articles

The Bankruptcy Reform Act of 1978 (the Code) posed palpable threats to secured creditors. It was drafted by a commission that was at least as concerned with the rights of debtors as with the rights of creditors. It was modified and adopted by a Congress that might have been the most liberal since World War II and signed into law by President Carter at the apogee of the left's power, two years before the Reagan election that marked the rise of the right and the beginning of the left's decline. The power of the left was exerted most ...


Are Security Deposits "Security Interests"? The Proper Scope Of Article 9 And Statutory Interpretation In Consumer Class Actions, R. Wilson Freyermuth Jan 2003

Are Security Deposits "Security Interests"? The Proper Scope Of Article 9 And Statutory Interpretation In Consumer Class Actions, R. Wilson Freyermuth

Faculty Publications

Assume that Jane Doe leases an automobile from a General Motors dealer, pursuant to a lease contract under which Jane makes a cash security deposit. Under the lease, the lessor agrees to “refund” the deposit at the conclusion of the lease term in the event that Jane fully performs her obligations under the lease. Is this transaction governed by Article 9--i.e., has the lessor taken a “security interest” in Jane's cash deposit to secure Jane's obligations under the lease agreement?


Introducing Revised Article 9 Of The Uniform Commercial Code, John L. Mccabe, Arthur H. Travers Jan 2001

Introducing Revised Article 9 Of The Uniform Commercial Code, John L. Mccabe, Arthur H. Travers

Articles

No abstract provided.


A Central Filing System For Financing Statements, Arthur H. Travers Jr., John L. Mccabe Jan 1999

A Central Filing System For Financing Statements, Arthur H. Travers Jr., John L. Mccabe

Articles

No abstract provided.


Security Interests On Exempt Property After The 1994 Amendments To The Bankruptcy Code, David Gray Carlson Jan 1996

Security Interests On Exempt Property After The 1994 Amendments To The Bankruptcy Code, David Gray Carlson

Articles

No abstract provided.


Rights Of Subrogation In Letters Of Credit Transactions, James J. White Jan 1996

Rights Of Subrogation In Letters Of Credit Transactions, James J. White

Articles

The past twenty years have seen more than a dozen cases, in which parties to letter of credit transactions have sought subrogation to the rights of the person they have paid or to the rights of the persons on behalf of whom, they have acted.' The most obvious case arises when the issuer of a standby letter of credit pays a beneficiary on a debt that is owed to the beneficiary by a bankrupt applicant. Having failed to take 'collateral from the applicant, the issuer seeks to be subrogated to the security interest of the beneficiary. Failing subrogation, the issuer ...


The Implicit "Takings" Jurisprudence Of Article 9 Of The Uniform Commercial Code, David Frisch Jan 1995

The Implicit "Takings" Jurisprudence Of Article 9 Of The Uniform Commercial Code, David Frisch

Law Faculty Publications

Part I of this Article begins by reasserting that central to the idea of property rights is the legal entitlement to remedies that permits a person to exercise dominion over the specific asset or to exclude the exercise of dominion by others. Next, part I examines the essence of a security interest and demonstrates that it is a protected property interest. Part II sets forth a model of priorities that suggests that although property interests should ordinarily be protected by a property rule, there is something special about a security interest, implying the need for greater contingency and justifying a ...


Reforming Article 9 Priorities In Light Of Old Ignorance And New Filing Rules (Symposium: 'Managing The Paper Trail': Evaluating And Reforming The Article 9 Filing System), James J. White Jan 1995

Reforming Article 9 Priorities In Light Of Old Ignorance And New Filing Rules (Symposium: 'Managing The Paper Trail': Evaluating And Reforming The Article 9 Filing System), James J. White

Articles

The other papers in this Symposium demonstrate that we have the technical capacity to build a filing system that will exceed the expectations of Grant Gilmore in every dimension.1 With more thought about what is put into the system and more clever software to get it out, the most sophisticated system possible under current technology will store and produce enough information about a debtor to give the ACLU a fright. All of the issues on improving the filing system are important, but I do not concern myself with any of them directly. I am here discuss a different question ...


They Came From "Beyond The Pale": Security Interests In Tort Claims, Harold R. Weinberg Jan 1994

They Came From "Beyond The Pale": Security Interests In Tort Claims, Harold R. Weinberg

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Purchase Money Under The Uniform Commercial Code, David Gray Carlson Jan 1993

Purchase Money Under The Uniform Commercial Code, David Gray Carlson

Articles

No abstract provided.


Preference Conundrums, James J. White, Daniel Israel Jan 1993

Preference Conundrums, James J. White, Daniel Israel

Articles

Every law teacher and many law students and practitioners understand the intellectual sport to be found in Section 547 on preference law. Because the preference rules are so intricate, rigorously logical-but really not logical-they command more than their fair attention, not only in law school but also in continuing legal education and even in the courts. Our purpose in this article is not to answer any of the difficult questions or to give a global explanation of preference law. Rather it is to confront a few of the conundrums in Section 547 and to follow the paths of those conundrums ...


The Unbearable Lightness Of Title Under The Uniform Commercial Code, William Tabac Jan 1991

The Unbearable Lightness Of Title Under The Uniform Commercial Code, William Tabac

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

This Article will offer the heresy that the transactions in goods that the Code regulates are still firmly grounded on ownership principles and that these principles must be reckoned with to fulfill the Code's design. It is therefore important first to identify the various property interests in goods that one can obtain under the Code and determine how the Code ties these interests to title.


Absolute Priority And New Value, James J. White Jan 1991

Absolute Priority And New Value, James J. White

Articles

This paper is based on a lecture given on December 6, 1990 ast the Second Annual Robert E. Krinock Lecture. The absolute priority rule is a specific application of the broader doctrine that reorganization plans must be "fair and equitable." Both have their origins in the railroad reorganization cases of the early 20th century. The general doctrine is now codified in section 1129(b)(2) of the Bankruptcy Code and the rule is codified in subsection 1129(b)(2)(B)(ii) which provides that the debtor must pay a nonconsenting class of unsecured creditors in full or "the holder of ...


Security Interests Under Article 8 Of The Uniform Commercial Code, Jeanne L. Schroeder, David Gray Carlson Jan 1990

Security Interests Under Article 8 Of The Uniform Commercial Code, Jeanne L. Schroeder, David Gray Carlson

Articles

No abstract provided.