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Dispute Resolution and Arbitration

2001

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Full-Text Articles in Law

From Common Law To Civil Law Jurisdictions: Court Adr On The Move In Germany, Nadja Alexander Dec 2001

From Common Law To Civil Law Jurisdictions: Court Adr On The Move In Germany, Nadja Alexander

Research Collection School Of Law

In Australia today, ADR processes are recognised not only as a distinct system of dispute resolution, but also as a system that interacts interdependently with the legal system. This is most clearly demonstrated in the context of court-related mediation, which is increasingly seen as an effective way to increase access to, participation in, and satisfaction with the way legal disputes are resolved. Cappelletti categorises ADR as the third wave in the worldwide access-to-justice movement. ADR provides a different approach and a different sort of justice for solving disputes — what Cappelletti labels ‘co-existential justice’.


Foskett V. Mckeown – Hard-Nosed Property Rights Or Unjust Enrichment?, Hang Wu Tang Nov 2001

Foskett V. Mckeown – Hard-Nosed Property Rights Or Unjust Enrichment?, Hang Wu Tang

Research Collection School Of Law

The recent judgment of the House of Lords in Foskett is extremely important as it straddles insurance law, property law, tracing and unjust enrichment. First, it establishes the proposition that it is possible to trace misappropriated moneys wrongfully paid as premiums into the proceeds of a policy. Second, two of the Law Lords contemplated the abolition of the distinction between the rules for tracing in law and tracing in equity. Third, the judgments of the Law Lords contain valuable guidance as to the context in which equitable ownership and the law of unjust enrichment should be viewed.


Book Review: The Handbook Of Conflict Resolution: Theory And Practice, Nadja Alexander Oct 2001

Book Review: The Handbook Of Conflict Resolution: Theory And Practice, Nadja Alexander

Research Collection School Of Law

No abstract provided.


Class Actions As Alternative Dispute Resolution, John C. Kleefeld Oct 2001

Class Actions As Alternative Dispute Resolution, John C. Kleefeld

Osgoode Hall Law Journal

This article situates the action in ADR theory by viewing it as a hybrid process that draws on both the command and consensus portions of a rational dispute resolution continuum. Class action legislation does this in a number of ways, the most important being the scope it gives to courts to approve or disapprove class settlements that have been privately negotiated by defence and class counsel. The rationale is to protect the interests of absent class members and ensure that the legislative goals of class actions-access to justice, judicial economy and behaviour modification-are well served. Class actions can thereby render ...


Uniform Arbitration Act: Introduction, The, Timothy J. Heinsz Jul 2001

Uniform Arbitration Act: Introduction, The, Timothy J. Heinsz

Journal of Dispute Resolution

The Uniform Arbitration Act (UAA) is one of the most successful laws promulgated by the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws (NCCUSL). Originally passed by NCCUSL in 1955, the UAA has served as the bases of arbitration statutes in some forty-eight jurisdictions. As more parties have incorporated arbitration clauses into contractual relationships, the importance of the UAA and its federal counterpart, the Federal Arbitration Act (FAA), have correspondingly increased. Supreme Court precedent at both federal and state levels abrogating the common law hostility against arbitration and replacing this attitude with and avowedly pro-arbitration doctrine has enhanced the arbitration ...


Arbitral Discovery Of Non-Parties, Jason F. Darnall, Richard Bales Jul 2001

Arbitral Discovery Of Non-Parties, Jason F. Darnall, Richard Bales

Journal of Dispute Resolution

This article argues that the broad power approach is the better reasoned of the two. Timely discovery of important information is vital in any dispute. Further, fair results should be the goal of any dispute resolution process. The possessor of the pertinent information, i.e., whether it is held by parties or non-parties, should be irrelevant. Part II of this article describes the differences between discovery in litigation and discovery in arbitration. Part III examines the limited power approach to prehearing discovery, which restricts the power of an arbitrator to compel non-party participation in discovery to the actual hearing. Part ...


Supreme Court Defines Final Decisions Relating To Arbitration Decisions And Ducks The More Important Costs Issue - Green Tree Financial Corp. - Alabama V. Randolph, The, Franklin D. Romines Ii. Jul 2001

Supreme Court Defines Final Decisions Relating To Arbitration Decisions And Ducks The More Important Costs Issue - Green Tree Financial Corp. - Alabama V. Randolph, The, Franklin D. Romines Ii.

Journal of Dispute Resolution

The United States Supreme Court in Green Tree Financial Corp. - Alabama v. Randolph dealt with two arbitration issues of varying import. The less controversial issue involved defining the term 'final decision' in the context of arbitration proceedings.2 The second major issue in the case provided the Court an opportunity to analyze cost assignments in arbitration agreements that were silent on the issue.3 This issue has generated considerable policy disagreement among the circuits


Be Careful What You Say In Mediation - Indiana Supreme Court Rules That Oral Settlement Agreements Reached In Mediation Must Be In Writing To Be Enforceable - Kirk E. And Martha Vernon V. Adam J. Acton, Garrett S. Taylor Jul 2001

Be Careful What You Say In Mediation - Indiana Supreme Court Rules That Oral Settlement Agreements Reached In Mediation Must Be In Writing To Be Enforceable - Kirk E. And Martha Vernon V. Adam J. Acton, Garrett S. Taylor

Journal of Dispute Resolution

When parties use mediation as an alternative to litigation, they generally expect the agreement will be binding upon the parties and confidential. However, the parties must ensure that the agreement they reach is reduced to writing or the agreement may not be enforceable. Furthermore, certain things said during the mediation session may be admissible in future litigation proceedings. The Indiana Supreme Court, in Vernon v. Acton, held that until mediation agreements are reduced to writing and signed by the parties, they must be considered compromise settlement negotiations under the applicable evidence rules and are not admissible as evidence of an ...


Stop The Stay: Interrupting Bankruptcy To Conduct Arbitration - Slipped Disc, Inc. V. Cd Warehouse, Inc., Matthew Dameron Jul 2001

Stop The Stay: Interrupting Bankruptcy To Conduct Arbitration - Slipped Disc, Inc. V. Cd Warehouse, Inc., Matthew Dameron

Journal of Dispute Resolution

Since its inception, arbitration has affected other practice areas of the law differently. Some practice areas, such as bankruptcy, have created special exceptions to accommodate the growth of arbitration. Arbitration's effect on the automatic stay in bankruptcy is explored in the following Note.


Call For Intellectual Honesty: A Response To The Uniform Mediation Act's Privilege Against Disclosure, A, J. Brad Reich Jul 2001

Call For Intellectual Honesty: A Response To The Uniform Mediation Act's Privilege Against Disclosure, A, J. Brad Reich

Journal of Dispute Resolution

I will discuss and respond to three potential concerns of creating confidentiality through contractual provision. First, contract provisions are not binding on persons not parties to the contract. As a purely legal principle this is undoubtedly correct, but I will argue that while contract provisions cannot specifically bind non-parties, they can decrease the risk of disclosure of mediation communications to and by non-parties. Second, while it is true that contractual provisions may be voided as violative of public policy, I will argue that courts have generally upheld contractual confidentiality provisions and only voided them when the need for confidentiality was ...


Science-Policy Disputes: Resolution Through Data Mediation, Erik S. Knutsen Jul 2001

Science-Policy Disputes: Resolution Through Data Mediation, Erik S. Knutsen

Journal of Dispute Resolution

It is the aim of this article to propose a novel system of dispute resolution for disputes which turn on interpretations of complex but uncertain scientific evidence. Part II identifies a specific subset of legal disputes that can only be resolved through policy judgments from ambiguous scientific data. Recognizing the underlying commonalities of these science-policy disputes offers an opportunity to craft a single dispute resolution mechanism which may be utilized for a wide variety of disputes. Part III outlines the benefits of using a mediation-based dispute settlement mechanism, as opposed to the traditional adversary-style litigation system, for these specific types ...


Hold All Arbitrations: Public Policy Invalidations Are On The Loose - Town Of Groton V. United Steelworkers Of America, Christina S. Lewis Jul 2001

Hold All Arbitrations: Public Policy Invalidations Are On The Loose - Town Of Groton V. United Steelworkers Of America, Christina S. Lewis

Journal of Dispute Resolution

The United States Supreme Court has held that arbitration awards derived from collective bargaining agreements may be invalidated based on public policy. However, an arbitration award should only be invalidated if the public policy is explicit, well-defined, and dominant.' This article will examine how the Connecticut Supreme Court applied the public policy test and whether the court adequately justified its decision.


Mediation And Domestic Violence: A Practical Screening Method For Mediators And Mediation Program Administrators, Alexandria Zylstra Jul 2001

Mediation And Domestic Violence: A Practical Screening Method For Mediators And Mediation Program Administrators, Alexandria Zylstra

Journal of Dispute Resolution

Presented with such a dearth of standard practices and literature, family mediators have little guidance in whether and how to address cases involving domestic violence. Thus, this article sets forth a mediation screening framework that mediators and mediation program administrators can use to evaluate whether cases are appropriate for regular mediation (joint session without special safety measures), some modified form of mediation, or should be excluded from mediation. Such a method will better ensure a safe and fair mediation experience. Part II briefly examines the controversy surrounding the mediation of cases involving domestic violence, concluding that the arguments against mediating ...


Recent Developments: The Uniform Arbitration Act, Brent A. Correll, S. Jacob Sappington, David Sims, Blake J. Tompkins Jul 2001

Recent Developments: The Uniform Arbitration Act, Brent A. Correll, S. Jacob Sappington, David Sims, Blake J. Tompkins

Journal of Dispute Resolution

Since 1983, this annual Article 2 has been prepared to provide a survey of recent developments in the case law interpreting and applying the various state versions of the Uniform Arbitration Act3. The purpose is to promote uniformity in the interpretation of the U.A.A. by developing and explaining the underlying principles and rationales courts have applied in recent cases.4


Checks On Participant Conduct In Compulsory Adr: Reconciling The Tension In The Need For Good-Faith Participation, Autonomy, And Confidentiality, Maureen A. Weston Jul 2001

Checks On Participant Conduct In Compulsory Adr: Reconciling The Tension In The Need For Good-Faith Participation, Autonomy, And Confidentiality, Maureen A. Weston

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


What's Law Got To Do With It: Mapping Modern Mediation Movements In Civil And Common Law Jurisdictions, Nadja Alexander Jul 2001

What's Law Got To Do With It: Mapping Modern Mediation Movements In Civil And Common Law Jurisdictions, Nadja Alexander

Research Collection School Of Law

Context defines mediation and has a direct impact on how it is practised. National legal contexts reveal historically embedded systemic differences that can provide insights into the reasons behind the rapid expansion of mediation in common law jurisdictions, and the comparatively hesitant development of mediation in civil law jurisdictions. In this article I consider the legal and political forces behind the modern mediation movements in Australia and Germany: two countries that represent the common law and the civil law traditions respectively.


Private Commercial Law In The Cotton Industry: Creating Cooperation Through Rules, Norms, And Institutions, Lisa Bernstein Jun 2001

Private Commercial Law In The Cotton Industry: Creating Cooperation Through Rules, Norms, And Institutions, Lisa Bernstein

Michigan Law Review

The cotton industry has almost entirely opted out of the public legal system, replacing it with one of the oldest and most complex systems of private commercial law. Most contracts for the purchase andsale of domestic cotton, between merchants or between merchants andmills, are neither consummated under the Uniform Commercial Code("Code") nor interpreted and enforced in court when disputes arise. Rather, most such contracts are concluded under one of several privately drafted sets of contract default rules and are subject to arbitration in one of several merchant tribunals. Similarly, most international sales of cotton are governed neither by state-supplied ...


Should The Law Ignore Commercial Norms? A Comment On The Bernstein Conjuncture And Its Relevance For Contract Law Theory And Reform, Jason Scott Johnston Jun 2001

Should The Law Ignore Commercial Norms? A Comment On The Bernstein Conjuncture And Its Relevance For Contract Law Theory And Reform, Jason Scott Johnston

Michigan Law Review

Professor Bernstein's study of the interaction between private law and norms in the cotton industry is the latest installment in her ongoing investigation into the relationship between law and norms in trades ranging from the diamond market to grain and feed markets. Her incredibly detailed and thorough exploration of private lawmaking and commercial norms - and their interaction - stands as one of the most significant contributions to contract and commercial law scholarship made in the last half-century. The cotton industry study upon which I focus in this Comment not only reports fascinating findings about dispute resolution practices, but also presents ...


Las Transformaciones Funcionales De La Responsabilidad Civil : La Óptica Sistématica. Análisis De Las Funciones De Incentivo O Desincentivo Y Preventiva De La Responsabilidad Civil En Los Sistemas Del Civil Law, Gastón Fernández Cruz May 2001

Las Transformaciones Funcionales De La Responsabilidad Civil : La Óptica Sistématica. Análisis De Las Funciones De Incentivo O Desincentivo Y Preventiva De La Responsabilidad Civil En Los Sistemas Del Civil Law, Gastón Fernández Cruz

Gastón Fernández Cruz

No abstract provided.


The Best Laid Plans: How Unrestrained Arbitration Decisions Have Corrupted The Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy, Ian L. Stewart May 2001

The Best Laid Plans: How Unrestrained Arbitration Decisions Have Corrupted The Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy, Ian L. Stewart

Federal Communications Law Journal

In the rapidly changing Internet age, a sound dispute resolution policy is needed to address conflict where traditional rights intersect emerging technologies. This Note examines how unfettered arbitration decisions, even those made with the best of intentions, can corrupt a good dispute resolution policy, as is the case with the Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy. The Note provides background information on ICANN, domain disputes regarding cybersquatting and reverse domain hijacking, and the Policy. It then explains how ICANN’s dispute resolution providers’ expansive decisions have weakened the Policy by removing the internal limitations that made it strong and effective ...


The End Of The Affair? Anti-Dueling Laws And Social Norms In Antebellum America, C.A. Harwell Wells May 2001

The End Of The Affair? Anti-Dueling Laws And Social Norms In Antebellum America, C.A. Harwell Wells

Vanderbilt Law Review

Jonathan Cilley and William Graves fought their duel in the early afternoon of February 23, 1838. The two faced off near the Anacostia River bridge leading out of Washington, D.C., having agreed in advance to duel with rifles at a distance of eighty paces. Shortly before three o'clock, they stood opposite one another, and at the signal, they exchanged shots, Cilley firing first. Both men missed. The men who accompanied them to the duel-their seconds-tried to work out the disagreement that led the men to the dueling-ground, but to no avail. For a second time, both stood and ...


When People Are The Means: Negotiating With Respect, Jonathan R. Cohen Apr 2001

When People Are The Means: Negotiating With Respect, Jonathan R. Cohen

UF Law Faculty Publications

Most scholarship on negotiation ethics has focused on the topics of deception and disclosure. In this Article, I argue for considering a related, but distinct, ethical domain within negotiation ethics. That domain is the ethics of orientation. In contrast to most forms of human interaction, a clear purpose of negotiation is to get the other party to take an action on one's behalf, or at least to explore that possibility. This gives rise to a core ethical tension in negotiation that I call the object-subject tension: how does one reconcile the fact that the other party is a potential ...


From Communities To Corporations: The Growth Of Mediation In Sri Lanka, Nadja Alexander Apr 2001

From Communities To Corporations: The Growth Of Mediation In Sri Lanka, Nadja Alexander

Research Collection School Of Law

In this article I will outline the development of modern mediation in Sri Lanka. I use the term mediation to mean facilitative mediation. Accordingly, for the purposes of this article, mediation does not include processes such as conciliation or evaluative mediation, which are used in Sri Lanka, for example in industrial dispute resolution practice.


From Communities To Corporations: The Growth Of Mediation In Sri Lanka, Nadja Alexander Apr 2001

From Communities To Corporations: The Growth Of Mediation In Sri Lanka, Nadja Alexander

Research Collection School Of Law

In this article I will outline the development of modern mediation in Sri Lanka. I use the term mediation to mean facilitative mediation. Accordingly, for the purposes of this article, mediation does not include processes such as conciliation or evaluative mediation, which are used in Sri Lanka, for example in industrial dispute resolution practice.


International Judicial Practice And The Written Form Requirement For International Arbitration Agreements, Jing Wang Mar 2001

International Judicial Practice And The Written Form Requirement For International Arbitration Agreements, Jing Wang

Washington International Law Journal

The requirement that international commercial arbitration agreements must be made in writing is well accepted in most countries and has become a uniform practice in international commercial arbitration law. This is due in large part to the widespread acceptance of the Convention on Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards ("New York Convention"). Article II (1) provides that "each Contracting State shall recognize an agreement in writing." The term "agreement in writing" is defined in Article 11 (2) of the Convention as "an arbitral clause in a contract or an arbitration agreement, signed by the parties or contained in an ...


When Do Rights Arise Under The Contracts (Rights Of Third Parties) Act 1999 (Uk)?, Tiong Min Yeo Mar 2001

When Do Rights Arise Under The Contracts (Rights Of Third Parties) Act 1999 (Uk)?, Tiong Min Yeo

Research Collection School Of Law

There are two aspects to the common law doctrine of privity of contract. The first, that a contract cannot impose liabilities on a third party, is not very controversial. The second, that in general a contract can only confer rights on parties to the contract even if it is clearly the intention of the contracting parties to benefit a third party, is highly controversial, and has been the subject of much judicial criticism.


The Thinning Vision Of Self-Determination In Court-Connected Mediation: The Inevitable Price Of Institutionalization?, Nancy A. Welsh Mar 2001

The Thinning Vision Of Self-Determination In Court-Connected Mediation: The Inevitable Price Of Institutionalization?, Nancy A. Welsh

Faculty Scholarship

Ethical codes for mediators describe party self-determination as “the fundamental principle of mediation,” regardless of the context within which the mediation is occurring. The definition of self-determination, however, is a matter of dispute. Based on a review of the debate surrounding the promulgation and revision of ethical codes for court-connected mediators in Florida and Minnesota, this Article demonstrates that a vision of self-determination anchored in party-centered empowerment is yielding to a vision that is more reflective of the norms and traditional practices of lawyers and judges, as well as the courts’ strong orientation to efficiency and closure of cases through ...


Reply To Brief In Opposition, Chris V. Tenet, No. 00-829 (U.S. Feb. 12, 2001), David C. Vladeck Feb 2001

Reply To Brief In Opposition, Chris V. Tenet, No. 00-829 (U.S. Feb. 12, 2001), David C. Vladeck

U.S. Supreme Court Briefs

No abstract provided.


Privatizing Justice But By How Much? Questions Gilmer Did Not Answer, Martin H. Malin Feb 2001

Privatizing Justice But By How Much? Questions Gilmer Did Not Answer, Martin H. Malin

All Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Double Protection: The Case Against The "Byrd Amendment" Of U.S. Trade Law, Perry S. Bechky, Anne Macgregor Jan 2001

Double Protection: The Case Against The "Byrd Amendment" Of U.S. Trade Law, Perry S. Bechky, Anne Macgregor

Perry S. Bechky

Under the Byrd Amendment of 2000, all collected antidumping and countervailing duties must be distributed among U.S. companies that successfully petition for the imposition of those duties. The Byrd Amendment created an economic incentive for the proliferation of trade cases. A strong legal case can be made that the Byrd Amendment is inconsistent with WTO rules.