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1998

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Articles 1 - 30 of 47

Full-Text Articles in Education

A Meta-Analytic Investigation Of The Effect Of Freshman Seminars On Student Attrition At Four Year Colleges And Universities, Raymond Brown Dec 1998

A Meta-Analytic Investigation Of The Effect Of Freshman Seminars On Student Attrition At Four Year Colleges And Universities, Raymond Brown

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Tinto (1975) theorized that for a student to complete his/her education, he/she must integrate socially as well as academically at the institution. Freshman seminars are designed to ease students into college life and provide them with skills to cope socially and academically, thereby paving the way for institutional integration and, ultimately, degree completion. Researchers at a number of institutions have evaluated the effectiveness of the freshman seminar at reducing freshman to sophomore year attrition. They have reported mixed results. Here, the literature addressing the efficacy of freshman seminars for reducing attrition is reviewed using meta-analysis. The number of ...


Educational Specialist Programs In School Psychology: Trends In Training Emphasis, Shawna Kennedy Aug 1998

Educational Specialist Programs In School Psychology: Trends In Training Emphasis, Shawna Kennedy

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

A survey was conducted to examine current training practices of NASP accredited specialist programs. Information was gathered through a mailed survey to NASP accredited school psychology Ed.S. training programs across the United States. Of the 97 training programs to whom surveys were sent, 56 surveys were returned and 51 were considered usable (53% return rate). The survey respondents were divided into groups according to self-reported program emphasis. Thirty-one programs reported emphasizing traditional assessment (Traditional Programs), while 20 programs reported other areas of emphasis (Other Programs). An independent t-test indicated that Traditional Programs offer significantly higher amounts of training in ...


Behavior Management Training Issues In Kentucky Classrooms, Karin Holland Aug 1998

Behavior Management Training Issues In Kentucky Classrooms, Karin Holland

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Classroom discipline is often a primary concern of teachers. Little is known, however, about the extent of teachers' knowledge, training, and skills with behavior management issues. This study was conducted to examine teachers' training with specific behavioral strategies, their personal level of proficiency in resolving these problems, and to determine if teachers consider the function of aberrant behaviors when deciding upon treatment interventions. A survey was developed to address these issues. The survey was distributed to teachers in four south-central Kentucky counties and two western Kentucky counties. Of the 350 surveys distributed, 209 were returned for a 59.7% return ...


Predicting Academic Success In College Using The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised, Katherine Bishop Aug 1998

Predicting Academic Success In College Using The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised, Katherine Bishop

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

The prediction of success in college has received a substantial amount of research interest. A variety of predictor variables have been examined including personality and demographic variables as well as scores on standardized college entrance examinations. However, few studies have included the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised (WAIS-R). In the present study, this researcher examined the ability of the WAIS-R to predict college success as measured by grade point average (GPA). The participants were 49 undergraduates, from a public university, who volunteered for intellectual assessments. It was hypothesized that the WAIS-R would predict college GPA. The prediction was expected to be ...


Program Evaluation Of Project Team And Project Prep, Preservice Interdisciplinary Early Childhood Training Programs, Sarah Whittaker Jul 1998

Program Evaluation Of Project Team And Project Prep, Preservice Interdisciplinary Early Childhood Training Programs, Sarah Whittaker

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

A survey of graduates who participated in Project TEAM (School Psychology, Social Work, and Speech/Language Pathology) and Project PREP (Interdisciplinary Early Childhood Education) is presented. Graduates completed coursework, seminars and practica that emphasized knowledge and skills related to working with children in the birth through 5 age group and their families. The survey determined in which competencies graduates indicated they were best and least prepared by the program and which competencies were most and least applicable to their present careers. The survey also determined what teaming models the graduates are currently using and would prefer to use in their ...


The Comparison Of Selection-Based And Topography-Based Verbal Behavior Across Populations, Carl T. Sundberg Jun 1998

The Comparison Of Selection-Based And Topography-Based Verbal Behavior Across Populations, Carl T. Sundberg

Dissertations

Michael (1985) distinguished between selection-based (SB) and topography-based (TB) verbal behavior. Several studies comparing the ease of learning the two systems have shown conflicting results. The data indicate that subjects with fewer lower verbal skills have done better with TB systems (subjects with developmental disabilities in studies by Hodges & Schwethelm, 1984; Sundberg & Sundberg, 1990; Weirmanski, 1984; Wraikat, 1991; Wraikat, Sundberg, & Michael, 1991; and the bottom half of subjects in Cresson, 1994). The higher functioning subjects have done better (or have not shown a difference) with SB systems. (Bristow & Fristoe, 1984; Stratton , 1992; Tan, Bredin, Poison, & Grabavac 1995; Potter, Huber, & Michael, 1997; and the top half of subjects in Cresson 1994).

The primary ...


Preparation For The Gre, Corina Groeger Jun 1998

Preparation For The Gre, Corina Groeger

Dissertations

The present research consisted of two empirical studies and a literature review. The first study was a systematic replication of the studies by Miller, Goodyear-Orwart, and Malott (1996) and Vunovich and Malott (1997). Fourteen undergraduate students and one graduate student participated in four intensive, extensive, structured Graduate Record Examination (GRE) preparation courses that met for seven weeks and lasted between 99 and 140 hours. The courses offered a monetary reward for students who met a minimum of 92% for attendance and participation during the course. The results of this study showed statistically significant mean improvements of 145 points for the ...


An Investigation Of The Correlation Between Total Sat Test Scores And Baccalaureate Grade Point Averages Of Students For The 1995-1997 Academic Years, Jennifer Y. Ware May 1998

An Investigation Of The Correlation Between Total Sat Test Scores And Baccalaureate Grade Point Averages Of Students For The 1995-1997 Academic Years, Jennifer Y. Ware

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

The purpose of this study was to examine the correlation between three groups of students' total SAT Test scores and their baccalaureate grade-point averages. The population consisted of baccalaureate African-American students for the academic years of 1995-1998. Their chronological ages ranged from 18-22. A fairly representative sample was drawn from each ofthese classes. The sizes ofthe sample were 10, 16,24, respectively. The research method was historical utilizating the Spearman Rank-Difference method of correlation, because it seemed to be appropriate for the study. Correlation coefficients were derived, between the total SAT Test scores submitted with applications for admission and the ...


Mentor-Protege Relationship Formation In Graduate Psychology Programs: A Comprehensive Literature Review And Proposal, John R. Bigelow Jr. May 1998

Mentor-Protege Relationship Formation In Graduate Psychology Programs: A Comprehensive Literature Review And Proposal, John R. Bigelow Jr.

Faculty Publications - Doctor of Psychology (PsyD) Program

This paper proposes a model designed to encourage and facilitate the formation of mentoring relationships between professors and students in graduate psychology training programs. Previous research indicates approximately one in two graduate students had a mentor, those that did not were unaware of the potential benefits. Professors frequently reported insufficient motivation to mentor. Recently the call was made to provide mentoring to all psychology graduate students because mentoring is associated with personal and professional development. Aspects of mentoring relationships, including stages, benefits, selection criteria and strategies, and functions provided by mentors, have received attention. However, the formation of mentoring relationships ...


Working With Fathers...Fathers And New Lessons About Anger, Glen F. Palm May 1998

Working With Fathers...Fathers And New Lessons About Anger, Glen F. Palm

Child and Family Studies Faculty Publications

Part of the "Working with Fathers: Methods and Perspectives" column published by Family Information Services (Minneapolis, MN) and here published with their generous permission..


The Effect Of The Estimate Of Resting Metabolic Rate On The Correlation Between Energy Expenditure As Estimated Using Self-Reports Of Physical Activity And Food Intake Records In Older Adults, Judy Hurd May 1998

The Effect Of The Estimate Of Resting Metabolic Rate On The Correlation Between Energy Expenditure As Estimated Using Self-Reports Of Physical Activity And Food Intake Records In Older Adults, Judy Hurd

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study measured total daily energy expenditure (TDEE) in adults at least 50 years of age. The goal was to determine the effect of the estimate of resting metabolic rate (RMR) on the relationship between energy expenditure estimates made using (a) self-reports of physical activity and (b) food intake records. The objectives were to determine if (a) RMR estimates based on body composition, body weight, and the 111 metabolic cart were strongly related to each other, and (b) TDEE estimates based on a 7- day physical activity diary and a 7-day food intake record were more strongly related to each ...


Graduate Bulletin, 1998-2000 (1998), Moorhead State University Jan 1998

Graduate Bulletin, 1998-2000 (1998), Moorhead State University

Graduate Bulletins (Catalogs)

No abstract provided.


Functional Behavioral Assessment: An Evaluation Of Continuing Education Variables Related To Support Staff Use In School Settings , Susan Marie Ward Jan 1998

Functional Behavioral Assessment: An Evaluation Of Continuing Education Variables Related To Support Staff Use In School Settings , Susan Marie Ward

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

There is an increasing need to address behavioral issues in the public schools. School psychologists and other support staff frequently consult with teachers and parents when students exhibit a variety of academic or behavioral problems, yet children with severe emotional disturbance (SED) or behavior disorders (BD) are often considered to present some of the most difficult cases (Shapiro, 1991). School districts are facing growing expectations to include all students; however many support staff do not have the training or resources to implement interventions that are effective for students with histories of aggression, self injury and property destruction (O'Neill, William ...


The Protective-Style Questionnaire: Self-Protective Mechanisms Among Stigmatized Adolescents, Shlomo S. Sawilowsky Jan 1998

The Protective-Style Questionnaire: Self-Protective Mechanisms Among Stigmatized Adolescents, Shlomo S. Sawilowsky

Theoretical and Behavioral Foundations of Education Faculty Publications

Crocker and Major (1989) hypothesized three mechanisms by which members of stigmatized groups may protect self-esteem. The mechanisms are: a) ingroup social comparisons, b) valuing/devaluing performance selectively, and c) racial prejudice. We provide a test of Crocker and Major’s hypothesized mechanisms with the development of the Protective Style Questionnaire which was administered to a sample of 78 African-American adolescents. Evidence of high internal consistency reliability (about .86) and factor loadings support the orthogonality of the three mechanisms. Results showed varying levels of endorsement of each mechanism.


The Home Environments Of Children With Disabilities: Implications For Peer Relationships And Self-Determination , Cheryl Lynn Geisthardt Jan 1998

The Home Environments Of Children With Disabilities: Implications For Peer Relationships And Self-Determination , Cheryl Lynn Geisthardt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The research reported here explores the role of the home environment in the development of peer relationships and skills contributing to self-determination for children with disabilities. More specifically, the roles that parents and the physical environment play in regulating peer relationships and providing opportunities to exert control, make choices and act independently in the home are examined. A literature review and two research studies examining the home environments of children with disabilities are presented;The first study uses qualitative data analysis of in-depth family interviews and home observations to examine the experiences children with disabilities have with peers in the ...


An Investigation Of The Distinguishing Characteristics Of Exemplary Trainers In Business And Industry In Zimbabwe , Onward Samuel Mandebvu Jan 1998

An Investigation Of The Distinguishing Characteristics Of Exemplary Trainers In Business And Industry In Zimbabwe , Onward Samuel Mandebvu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the demographic, psychological, interpersonal, and attitude and belief characteristics that distinguished exemplary business and industrial trainers (N = 18) and other trainers (N = 70) in Zimbabwe. Additionally, the study investigated whether work experience, academic ability, creativity, trainee-content orientation, and self-perception between the trainers grouped as business, technical, and management trainers significantly differentiated between the groups of trainers. Usable data collected from 88 business and industrial trainers through the Adult Personality Inventory (API), the Attitude and Belief Inventory (ABI), the Trainee-Content Training inventory (T-CT), and the Training Job Competence (TJC) rating scale were analyzed through discriminant analysis and hierarchical ...


The Effects On Student Performance Related To The Contributions Of The Multiple Intelligences Theory, Dennis Derne Perez Jan 1998

The Effects On Student Performance Related To The Contributions Of The Multiple Intelligences Theory, Dennis Derne Perez

Theses Digitization Project

No abstract provided.


A Cognitive Development Approach To Professional Ethics Training For Counselor Education Students, Nicole Marie Chase Jan 1998

A Cognitive Development Approach To Professional Ethics Training For Counselor Education Students, Nicole Marie Chase

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The study examined the effects of integrating a cognitive-developmental approach with professional ethics training on the moral and conceptual development, self-presentation styles, and ethical decision-making skills of graduate counseling students. The sample was comprised of students who enrolled in counseling courses at the College of William and Mary. The ethics intervention group was compared to two groups; one group who received the traditionally taught ethics course, and one group who had not taken the ethics course at William and Mary. Instruments used included the Defining Issues Test (DIT), Paragraph Completion Method (PCM), and Concern For Appropriateness scale (CFA). Students were ...


A Statewide Survey Of Professionals' Opinions And Practices Concerning The Assessment Of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder In Children, Roberta Waller Thompson Jan 1998

A Statewide Survey Of Professionals' Opinions And Practices Concerning The Assessment Of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder In Children, Roberta Waller Thompson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate current practices used by clinicians when diagnosing children with AD/HD as well as to explore possible relationships between practices, professional disciplines, opinions, and theoretical leanings.;The study utilized a researcher designed questionnaire mailed to licensed Psychiatrists, Pediatricians, Clinical Psychologists, and Counselors in Virginia. The sample included 274 professionals.;Hypotheses examined relationships between professional discipline and use of assessment methodologies, consultation practices, and classification system preferences, as well as relationships between opinions about classification and assessment of AD/HD and practitioners' opinions about assessment practices.;It was found that physical examination was ...


The Acculturation Process For Kaigaishijo: A Qualitative Study Of Four Japanese Students In An American School, Linda F. Harkins Jan 1998

The Acculturation Process For Kaigaishijo: A Qualitative Study Of Four Japanese Students In An American School, Linda F. Harkins

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to sort out and specify the dimensions of acculturation for kaigaishijo, Japanese sojourning students who presented an anomaly in a monocultural setting, based on factors that surfaced through data collected in the interviews and observations as a result of my conceptual framework that focused on the family, educational environment, and maturity. By sorting the data and comparing and contrasting one child's experiences to those of others as individuals and as an aggregate, nine factors appeared to repeatedly impact the process of acculturation. These essential factors that provide insights into acculturation are (1) the ...


Adults "Making Meaning" At Colonial Williamsburg: A Descriptive Study Of Planners' Intentions And Audience Members' Constructions Of The 1996 History Forum, Joan Ellen Casey Jan 1998

Adults "Making Meaning" At Colonial Williamsburg: A Descriptive Study Of Planners' Intentions And Audience Members' Constructions Of The 1996 History Forum, Joan Ellen Casey

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Forecasts reveal an increase in the percentage of mid to older adults in the U. S. and the need of educational programs for lifelong learners. In recognition of changing demographics, the American Association of Museums urged its member institutions to place a high priority on adult programs and research into learning. While museums have experienced changes in adapting to environmental conditions and more explicit educative mission, professionals have noticed the emergence of a meaning-making, constructivist paradigm.;Previously, no study dealt with the mental constructions adults have or form as they interface with a multi-faceted museum program such as the History ...


Promoting The Cognitive Development Of High-Risk College Students Through A Study/Life Skills Seminar, Sandra Ann Loew Jan 1998

Promoting The Cognitive Development Of High-Risk College Students Through A Study/Life Skills Seminar, Sandra Ann Loew

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Resilience Profiles Of Young Children In Special Education And Poverty-Related Programs: The Role Of Protective Factors, Evelyn Reed-Victor Jan 1998

Resilience Profiles Of Young Children In Special Education And Poverty-Related Programs: The Role Of Protective Factors, Evelyn Reed-Victor

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Promoting The Moral And Conceptual Development Of Law Enforcement Officers: A Deliberate Psychological Educational Approach, Barbara M. Morgan Jan 1998

Promoting The Moral And Conceptual Development Of Law Enforcement Officers: A Deliberate Psychological Educational Approach, Barbara M. Morgan

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Relationship Between Counselor Education And Moral Development, Conceptual Development And Self-Actualization, Jered Benjamin Kolbert Jan 1998

The Relationship Between Counselor Education And Moral Development, Conceptual Development And Self-Actualization, Jered Benjamin Kolbert

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


A Case Study Of An Electively Mute Child, Robert Driscol Jan 1998

A Case Study Of An Electively Mute Child, Robert Driscol

Graduate Research Papers

Selective mutism is characterized by the appropriate use of language in certain settings, with a consistent lack of language use elsewhere. The child is often viewed as shy, and it is assumed that the shyness is temporary and will be outgrown. The purpose of this paper is to explore the problem of selective mutism in school aged children for whom silence may extend for many months or even years. Selective mutism will be further defined, and frequency, duration, and a summary of treatment methods will be discussed. A case study that illustrates positive outcomes of a behavioral approach will also ...


Solution-Focused Approach To Therapy : An Overview Of The Literature, Gail L. Garwood Jan 1998

Solution-Focused Approach To Therapy : An Overview Of The Literature, Gail L. Garwood

Graduate Research Papers

The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the Solution-Focused Therapy philosophy, including some of its basic assumptions and their application in therapy. In doing so, the history of the development of Solution-Focused Therapy will be examined. Covered in this review is a summary of some of the elements borrowed from Social Constructionism and traditional therapies. The underlying assumptions of Solution-Focused Therapy to be examined include its focus on strengths, its particular view of reality (especially in regard to how expectations and the use of language affect outcome), and understanding change.

The therapist's conceptualization of the ...


Parents' And Educators' Beliefs Regarding Their Influence On Preschool Children's Competencies , Bronwyn Sara Fees Jan 1998

Parents' And Educators' Beliefs Regarding Their Influence On Preschool Children's Competencies , Bronwyn Sara Fees

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Traditionally, parents have been considered the primary source of influence on development in children. However many preschoolers spend substantial portions of their day in child care surrounded by peers. This study surveyed mothers', fathers', (n = 112) and early childhood educators' (n = 30) beliefs regarding their influence relative to other developmental agents (genetics, peers, siblings, and the child's own effort) on six cognitively and socially oriented child competencies. The parents' child (M = 49 months) served as the target child. All children received 30+ hours a week of nonparental care. Mother, father, and child lived within the same household. Ile child ...


Selection Factors Related To Satisfaction, Persistence, And Job Performance For Technical Writers At The Iowa State University Child Welfare Project , Mary Jean Loven Jan 1998

Selection Factors Related To Satisfaction, Persistence, And Job Performance For Technical Writers At The Iowa State University Child Welfare Project , Mary Jean Loven

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The Bureau of Collections, Iowa Department of Human Services, is the designated agency to provide child support recovery services in the state of Iowa. This agency has received federal funding to expand and upgrade its computer system to support federal regulations for child support recovery programs. To enable the agency to meet federal standards, the Bureau (BOC) contracted with Iowa State University, through its Child Welfare Project, to secure technical writers who could play a major role in the development of policy and system enhancements. The position involved working as part of a team to develop and implement child support ...


Interventions For Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Justin M. Larson Jan 1998

Interventions For Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Justin M. Larson

Graduate Research Papers

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) continues to be widely studied within the literature and researchers continue to investigate interventions and environments which allow for success. Whalen and Renker (1991) argue that multiple intervention methods are needed for success of children and adolescents in social situations. The purpose of this paper is to review the literature, and review interventions used to facilitate appropriate behaviors in children, aged six to eleven, with a diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.