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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Effect Of Student Support Services On The Grade Point Average And Retention Rate Of First-Time Freshmen At Morehead State University, 1989-90, Eric W. Cash Nov 1991

The Effect Of Student Support Services On The Grade Point Average And Retention Rate Of First-Time Freshmen At Morehead State University, 1989-90, Eric W. Cash

Morehead State Theses and Dissertations

An applied project presented to the faculty of the College of Education and Behavioral Sciences at Morehead State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Education Specialist in Adult and Higher Education by Eric W. Cash on November 27, 1991.


Assessing The Prevalence Of Condom Use Among Junior College Students, Alfredia Weaver Jul 1991

Assessing The Prevalence Of Condom Use Among Junior College Students, Alfredia Weaver

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

Statement of Purpose. The purpose of this study was to assess junior college students' prevalence of condom use, risk behaviors, attitudes toward AIDS, and sources of knowledge regarding AIDS. Method. The descriptive survey research technique was used. Subjects. One hundred and two subjects participated. Instrument. The instrument was developed, by the writer, and field-tested. Findings. The data indicate that the subjects surveyed in these two studies, are not taking seriously the recommended life-style changes for risk reduction. Conclusions. The findings in this survey are consistent with findings in other studies regarding college students' risk behaviors, condom uses, and attitudes regarding ...


Alcohol/Drug Testing And Employee Assistance Programs As They Affect Candidates At The Iowa Regents Universities In The Job Search Process , Sally Lee Walker Hinders Jan 1991

Alcohol/Drug Testing And Employee Assistance Programs As They Affect Candidates At The Iowa Regents Universities In The Job Search Process , Sally Lee Walker Hinders

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore differences in attitudes among employers with regards to twenty EAP components specifically geared toward alcohol and drug abuse; to explore differences in attitudes among pre-employment drug testing and drug testing within the work place; and to identify characteristics conducive to successful EAPs. The survey used to obtain this information was developed by the researcher. Survey items were grounded in previous literature and related studies;Respondents in the research were 458 employers who recruited through the placement services in business and liberal arts and sciences at Iowa State University, University of Iowa, and ...


A Longitudinal Study Of College Students' Attitudes Toward Suicide, Richard Allen Stevens Jr. Jan 1991

A Longitudinal Study Of College Students' Attitudes Toward Suicide, Richard Allen Stevens Jr.

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Cluster Analytic Approach To Interest Measurement With The Act Interest Inventory , David Clay Barnett Jan 1991

A Cluster Analytic Approach To Interest Measurement With The Act Interest Inventory , David Clay Barnett

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The study attempted to identify, replicate and validate subgroups of high school students based on similarity of their responses to items of the ACT-Interest Inventory. A data set collected in 1973 and in 1976-1979 by the American College Testing Program/Institute for Demographic and Economic Studies was used for this study. Random samples were selected and clustered with two hierarchical cluster analysis techniques (Ward's method and average linkage method). Average linkage did not yield a meaningful structure. A six-group solution was selected from Ward's method results for further study. Evidence for replicability of the clusters across samples was ...


A Comparison Study Of The Effectiveness Of A Strategic, Short-Term School Counseling Model And Traditional Counseling Models As Used By Elementary School Counselors , Mary Alice Bruce Christensen Jan 1991

A Comparison Study Of The Effectiveness Of A Strategic, Short-Term School Counseling Model And Traditional Counseling Models As Used By Elementary School Counselors , Mary Alice Bruce Christensen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purpose of the study was to compare the effectiveness of the Strategic, Short-Term School Counseling (SSTSC) model and traditional counseling models, as used by trained counselors in the elementary school. Drawing upon the work of family therapists Watzlawick, Weakland, and Fisch (1974) and de Shazer (1985), the researcher specifically proposed the 4-step SSTSC model which utilizes elements of student developmental levels and maximizes inherent capabilities of the school system. Following one individual counseling session, treatment groups were compared. It appeared that students in the SSTSC group improved at a faster rate than did students in the traditional group ...


Counseling Ethics And Practice: Student Understanding Of The Ethical Practices Of Counseling And Psychotherapy, Jon Michael Schwabach Jan 1991

Counseling Ethics And Practice: Student Understanding Of The Ethical Practices Of Counseling And Psychotherapy, Jon Michael Schwabach

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Humor, Fitness, Happiness, And Cardiorespiratory After Pulse As Components Of Wellness , Kay Rutherford Bartels Jan 1991

Humor, Fitness, Happiness, And Cardiorespiratory After Pulse As Components Of Wellness , Kay Rutherford Bartels

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the wellness concepts of humor, Fitness History, cardiorespiratory after pulse, and happiness. The social area of wellness was exemplified by the concept of humor, the fitness area of wellness by the concept of Fitness History, the physiological area of wellness by the concept of cardiorespiratory after pulse, and the emotional area of wellness by the concept of happiness. The data were collected from 98 Iowa State University employees or students enrolled in the Iowa State University exercise clinic classes for the Spring Semester, 1991;Four humor instruments, one Fitness History instrument, one ...


Customizing The Eighth Grade Advisory Program For Mary Putnam Henck Intermediate School Students And Their Teachers, Timothy H. West Jan 1991

Customizing The Eighth Grade Advisory Program For Mary Putnam Henck Intermediate School Students And Their Teachers, Timothy H. West

Theses Digitization Project

Middle school program to promote student success and student self-awareness--Student advising.


The Relationship Of Codependence To Career Choice, Karen Hinderliter Barnett Jan 1991

The Relationship Of Codependence To Career Choice, Karen Hinderliter Barnett

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible correlation between codependency and career choice. A review of the literature seems to indicate that the helping professions attract people who are "prone" to codependency. For this reason, this study focused on four groups of undergraduate students: nursing students, psychology students, and social work majors, as the "helping profession" students, and students majoring in business-related fields. The study was also designed to provide empirical evidence to conplement the descriptive studies which have been the main source of information available up to the present time.;Subjects were drawn from students attending ...


An Investigation Of The Effects Of Personal Mastery Counseling On Goal Attainment, Self-Concept, Locus-Of-Control, And Behavior Ratings Of Junior High School Students, Lawrence Edward Sutton Jan 1991

An Investigation Of The Effects Of Personal Mastery Counseling On Goal Attainment, Self-Concept, Locus-Of-Control, And Behavior Ratings Of Junior High School Students, Lawrence Edward Sutton

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study focused on the effectiveness of Personal Mastery Counseling (PMC), a small-group cognitive-behavioral approach to counseling. Thirty 7th grade male volunteers were assigned, 10 subjects per group, to a PMC group, a bibliotherapy group, or a No-Treatment Control group. The PMC group participated in ten 55-minute counseling sessions. The PMC group leader helped the subjects identify and eliminate self-defeating behaviors by teaching them how to set behavioral goals, accept personal responsibility, practice new behaviors, and monitor improvement. The bibliotherapy group participated in ten 55-minute sessions with assigned readings and discussions on eliminating self-defeating behaviors and improving self-concept. The No-Treatment ...


An Investigation Of The Effects Of Breach Of Confidentiality Of Adolescents' Level Of Trust, Carolyn Bosta Warrick Jan 1991

An Investigation Of The Effects Of Breach Of Confidentiality Of Adolescents' Level Of Trust, Carolyn Bosta Warrick

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of breach of confidentiality on adolescents' level of trust using a pretest/posttest control group experimental design. The study used a normal population of eighth grade middle school students enrolled in average regular education classes in the Hampton Public School System. The initial sample consisted of 162 students (123 of which completed the entire study), designated as high or low trusters based on their scores on Rotter's Interpersonal Trust Scale, who were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups, and the groups randomly assigned to 1 of 3 treatment ...


Reactions To Spousal Death Resulting From Cancer: A Descriptive Study Of Anticipatory Grief And The Cognitive Appraisal Of The Loss Of A Spouse, Jennifer Claire Kinyon Elison Jan 1991

Reactions To Spousal Death Resulting From Cancer: A Descriptive Study Of Anticipatory Grief And The Cognitive Appraisal Of The Loss Of A Spouse, Jennifer Claire Kinyon Elison

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study described spousal reactions to loss following a cancer related death. Anticipatory grieving behaviors and variables unique to cancer were examined using Lazarus' cognitive appraisal paradigm. An interview which focused on self-reported changes in thoughts and feelings from time of diagnosis to the time of the death was administered by the researcher to thirty men and/or women whose spouses had died from cancer over the past two and a half years.;Individual responses to the interview questions were categorized according to type of response. The findings suggest that the majority of men and/or women whose spouses have ...


Enhancing Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy Via A University Career Course Intervention , Craig Allan Oreshnick Jan 1991

Enhancing Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy Via A University Career Course Intervention , Craig Allan Oreshnick

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The present study further evaluated the extension of Bandura's self-efficacy (SE) theory to the career decision-making (CDM) domain. The purposes of this investigation were to: (a) evaluate the effectiveness of a SE based career intervention using various outcome variables, including measures of CDM self-efficacy and career indecision; (b) examine the relationship between CDM self-efficacy and CDM task (performance) success, CDM anxiety, and career indecision (decidedness); and (c) further evaluate the validity of the Short-Form Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy Scale (SFCDMSE). Subjects consisted of 159 college students, primarily undergraduates, who participated in either a career decision-making and planning course (treatment group ...


The Personal Motivation System Of Hispanic Female Students As Measured By The Picture Identification Test, Martha Lazcano Muguira Jan 1991

The Personal Motivation System Of Hispanic Female Students As Measured By The Picture Identification Test, Martha Lazcano Muguira

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study explored the qualities that distinguished a select group of college freshmen women (National Hispanic Scholars) from a general sample of Hispanic women as assessed by the PIT (Picture Identification Test) a semi-projective systems-oriented instrument that measures motivation (Chambers, 1988). The PIT was mailed to 496 Women Scholars, and administered to self-identified Hispanic freshmen women who attended four universities in the United States for the first time in the Fall of 1990. Results were based on the responses of 99 Ss (Select Group), and 57 Ss (Regular Group) who completed the PIT and fulfilled the criteria.;The specific hypothesis ...


Identification Of The Potential High School Dropout, Alan L. Vaughan Jan 1991

Identification Of The Potential High School Dropout, Alan L. Vaughan

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

This research was conducted to determine a methodology for the early identification of potential dropouts in the Chesapeake Public School System. A review of research literature determined that many discriminating characteristics had been identified as influential in a student's decision to drop out or stay in school. This study sought to be useful in a practical school setting. Therefore, the study limited its scope to those discriminating characteristics available in student records and thus readily accessible to school personnel. The predictor variables listed below are well documented in the research as discriminating characteristics relating to a student dropping out ...


Antecedents Of Maternal-Infant Attachment: A Longitudinal Study, Jacqueline Jeanne White Jan 1991

Antecedents Of Maternal-Infant Attachment: A Longitudinal Study, Jacqueline Jeanne White

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation was designed to measure the longitudinal effects of several maternal and infant variables, on the security of attachment as assessed by the Strange Situation. The sixty mother-infant dyads who participated in this study were recruited from three Tidewater prenatal clinics. The goal of this dissertation was to determine the correlation of maternal and infant constructs with the criterion variables of maternal perception of her baby and the Strange Situation. The statistical technique of path analysis was utilized to analyze data collected over five periods: prenatal, postpartum, three-, six- and sixteen-months. The results of the path analysis revealed that ...


Efficacy Of Self-Instructional Training In The Management Of Test Anxiety: A Primary Prevention Model, Rita Schreyer Wagner Jan 1991

Efficacy Of Self-Instructional Training In The Management Of Test Anxiety: A Primary Prevention Model, Rita Schreyer Wagner

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a program of self-instructional training, presented as part of the regular classroom guidance curriculum, in the reduction of test anxiety and improvement of test performance in third grade children.;The sample consisted of 88 third grade students enrolled in regular education in an elementary school. Intact classes were randomly assigned to treatment and control groups. A nonequivalent control group research design was used. Dependent variables were test anxiety, academic achievement, and test performance and were measured by the Test Anxiety Scale for Children, the Kaufman Test of Educational Achievement ...