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Full-Text Articles in Education

Implementing A Flipped Classroom In A Unit On Slope, Ryan Tuggle-Haskins May 2020

Implementing A Flipped Classroom In A Unit On Slope, Ryan Tuggle-Haskins

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

As instructional technology increases, educators seek ways to incorporate it into their curriculum. One effective method teachers use is the flipped classroom. It can be challenging to incorporate a flipped classroom; thus, this curriculum project was designed to support its implementation. The curriculum project presents an exemplar on using remote instruction with the Algebra topic of slope. During the Spring 2020 global pandemic that resulted in the shutdown of public schools, many teachers looked to the flipped classroom for best practices in remote instruction. This project was designed to highlight instructional technology to support remote instruction as well as presenting ...


High School Chemistry Curricular Redesign: The Spiral Curriculum, John Posillico Dec 2019

High School Chemistry Curricular Redesign: The Spiral Curriculum, John Posillico

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this project is to highlight the effectiveness of interleaved practice, commonly referred to as the Spiral Curriculum. Embedded in interleaved practice is the process of forgetting. The robust body of research that serves as the foundation for this project supports the idea that randomized presentation of material that students have had previous exposure to fosters stronger learning. Students that experience an interleaved curriculum show more success with retention of concepts than students who receive blocked or repetitive instruction. This project outlines a Spiral Curriculum in a high school chemistry classroom. It includes lesson plans, assessments, and activity ...


The Achievement Gap Between African American Athletes And Their White Counterparts In Higher Education, Hamed Shamseldin Aug 2019

The Achievement Gap Between African American Athletes And Their White Counterparts In Higher Education, Hamed Shamseldin

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The achievement gap between African American athletes and their white counterparts is plaguing the United States. There are many reasons for the achievement gap. This synthesis will highlight the reasons while also discussing the solutions. To examine this matter to the fullest extent, there were 14 peer-reviewed articles chosen that talk about the reasons for the achievement gap. Several topics included in the articles were lack of role models and social supports, racial stereotypes, obsessive pursuit of sport goals, and the background of African American athletes. This synthesis will also discuss solutions to the achievement gap in collegiate athletics. These ...


Inner Dialogue Reading Behaviors And Student Comprehension Of Texts, Antonio Madau Dec 2017

Inner Dialogue Reading Behaviors And Student Comprehension Of Texts, Antonio Madau

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study examines the use of inner dialogue reading behaviors by third grade students who achieve high scores on commercial reading assessments. The study looks at one class of third grade students in Western New York, and comparatively analyzes their self-reported use of reading behaviors in relation to their achieved scores on the Next Step in Guided Reading (GRA) commercial reading assessment. The researcher collected qualitative data from the participants using results from the administered GRA assessment, structured verbal interviews, and participants’ written responses in their weekly Independent Reading Logs. Conclusions for participants who scored highly on commercial reading assessments ...


Engaging Assessment In English Language Arts, Joseph L. Dugan, Jr. May 2017

Engaging Assessment In English Language Arts, Joseph L. Dugan, Jr.

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Assessment is key to effective instruction. In the English classroom, engaging assessment can appear difficult because of the emphasis on the development of core reading skills. However, learning how students decipher information reveals that each individual learns according to their own unique connections. Examining and understanding the impact of Dr. Howard Gardner’s Multiple Intelligence Theory is the key to engaging assessments. This thesis dissects Dr. Gardner’s M.I. Theory and provides insight on how students learn. Furthermore, the research focuses on how Gardner’s Theory can be used to develop strategies and assessments in order to accurately and ...


The Impact Of Student Completion Requirements Using An Lms (Learning Management System) On Student Achievement And Differentiated Instruction In The Classroom., Laura Burgstrom Feb 2017

The Impact Of Student Completion Requirements Using An Lms (Learning Management System) On Student Achievement And Differentiated Instruction In The Classroom., Laura Burgstrom

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

School classrooms today are immersed with technology and learning management systems that provide teachers with tools to organize their classroom. However, many teachers do not know the capabilities of these LMS programs to differentiate instruction and tailor learning to meet the needs of every student in the classroom. This mixed methods study investigated the impact on student achievement of a Learning Management System called Schoology. The study also examined the Learning Management System’s ability to effectively differentiate instruction to meet the needs of all learners as a means to increase student achievement. Culminating assessment scores were compared from a ...


Strategies To Support Student Argument And Argumentative Writing In A Secondary Stem Classroom, Laura Arnold Dec 2016

Strategies To Support Student Argument And Argumentative Writing In A Secondary Stem Classroom, Laura Arnold

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Argumentation is a critical goal of today’s schools as a way to develop rational citizens who can critique the validity claims about phenomenon in society and the natural world. This work reviews current educational research about the best practices when it comes to teaching and using argumentation in STEM disciplines. As a result of this literature review, three strategies are identified and implemented in a secondary STEM classroom to determine their impact. The specific strategies used to support argumentation were a clear argument structure, collaborative discourse, and engaging, inquiry based tasks. While the sample size is small, the literature ...


How Is Response To Intervention Doing? A Self-Study Approach, Mary K. Daloia Nov 2015

How Is Response To Intervention Doing? A Self-Study Approach, Mary K. Daloia

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Response to Intervention is a multi-tiered intervention system being used in schools throughout the entire nation to help support struggling students. With educators obtaining jobs as academic intervention system providers and a large number of students receiving specific interventions, it is imperative that RTI is being checked for its effectiveness. This self-study was conducted to see how the personal efforts of an AIS provider were working. Over a six-week period, the researcher used the daily instruction and observations to search for three items: key components of RTI, which methods work during instruction and what needs to be improved. Although this ...


Technology In The Classroom, Samantha M. Seaman Oct 2015

Technology In The Classroom, Samantha M. Seaman

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to discover how I, a kindergarten teacher, used technology within the classroom. The authors of the articles and case studies in the literature review discuss the various technological tools available in school districts and how teachers utilize them effectively. This was a qualitative, self-study where I looked at my practices concerning technology in the classroom. The data were collected during a six-week period using journaling, factual information, and lesson plans. The results of the study showed that I used 10 different forms of technology in the classroom during lessons created. Results also showed the ...


Exploring The Effects Of Using The Words Their Way Program With Teenage Boys With Autism, Emily A. Gutknecht Jan 2015

Exploring The Effects Of Using The Words Their Way Program With Teenage Boys With Autism, Emily A. Gutknecht

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This project is an initial investigation into effective methods of literacy instruction for teenage boys with autism. This study specifically focused on the Words Their WayTM Program incorporating Word Study for Spelling Instruction. The program focuses on developmental levels, differentiated based on ability, and uses a variety of multi-modal activities. Through a mixed-methods approach, both qualitative and quantitative data is collected and significant themes are developed (improvement in handwriting, characteristics of autism becoming academic obstacles, issues with the program, and ways motivation and engagement have influenced student performance). It was concluded that the program does improve spelling ability though ...


Barriers To Parental Involvement In Schools: Developing Diverse Programs To Include Unique Demographics, Kristy L. O'Donoghue Aug 2014

Barriers To Parental Involvement In Schools: Developing Diverse Programs To Include Unique Demographics, Kristy L. O'Donoghue

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

There is little debate that parental involvement in education is paramount to the success of students in their academic lives. As a result, public schools across our country are developing programs aimed at reaching out to parents in hopes of improving the relationship that exists between the schools and the families of their students. These programs are developed through the analysis of vast amounts of research based on the general issues commonly affecting parental involvement in our public schools. While the data gathered from this type of broad research is useful and necessary in the process, many urban schools don ...


How I Used Lucy Calkins’ Units Of Study Writing Program To Support My First Grade Students’ Writing Development: A Self Study, Kelly Schimpf Jul 2014

How I Used Lucy Calkins’ Units Of Study Writing Program To Support My First Grade Students’ Writing Development: A Self Study, Kelly Schimpf

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In this self study, I examine how I used Lucy Calkins Units of Study Writing Program (2006) to support my first grade students’ writing development. In order to reflect on my own teaching using the first two books in Calkins’ series, Launching the Writer’s Workshop and Small Moments-Personal Narrative Writing, I collected different types of qualitative data: audio tapes, research journals, student responses and examples, and reflections. The findings indicate that while I used Calkins’ Units of Study Writing Program, I supported my students’ literacy development by following the framework she provides, my using language and differentiating my writing ...


Writing Rubrics As Formative Assessments In An Elementary Classroom, Debra M. Taylor Jul 2013

Writing Rubrics As Formative Assessments In An Elementary Classroom, Debra M. Taylor

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This qualitative study with second and third grade students investigated what happens during the co-construction of a writing rubric between students and teacher for persuasive writing, based on mentor texts. It also sought to explore what happens when elementary students use a student-generated writing rubric during the writing process and how a student-generated writing rubric might influence students’ writing. Video-recordings, observations of the lessons and interviews with students about co-constructing the rubric captured the process used to co-construct the rubric. Observations of the students using the rubric, interviews after using the rubric, and a survey about using the rubric were ...


Creating High Quality Assessments For A Bilingual Population, Leigh Sanna Jan 2013

Creating High Quality Assessments For A Bilingual Population, Leigh Sanna

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Lack of teacher training in test writing in both colleges and professional development programs has resulted in poorly designed assessments, particularly for culturally diverse and bilingual populations, that do not align with the high standards expected of standardized tests. Weak teacher-made assessments can result in improper student placement, ill-fitting lessons and interventions, and unnecessary frustration and confusion among test takers. These low quality tests can also serve as false predictors for student performance on standardized tests. The danger caused by skewed scores is such that if teachers do not have a reliable means by which to predict students’ future success ...


Use Of Computer Technologies In Supporting 3rd Graders' Literacy Development, Nicole M. Pensgen Dec 2012

Use Of Computer Technologies In Supporting 3rd Graders' Literacy Development, Nicole M. Pensgen

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Over the past decade school districts across the country have been trying to find ways to incorporate technology into the classroom. With the new initiatives of state and federal lawmakers, the push for this integration is greater now more than ever. As teachers across the nation try to fulfill this requirement, they are looking for ways to do this throughout the school day. Some of the ways educators are incorporating technology into their instruction is through the use of Internet websites and program software. While websites and programs seem like a wonderful idea to engage students in daily learning, there ...


Electronic Books And Emergent Literacy Development, Joseph G. Juzwiak Dec 2012

Electronic Books And Emergent Literacy Development, Joseph G. Juzwiak

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

As we move further into the 21st century and beyond, the push to integrate technology into classrooms is becoming ever more apparent. Government is now moving towards making this integration a requirement through state and nationwide initiatives. As teachers scramble to become familiar with new and improved technological resources, many are turning to electronic books (e-Books) to meet their needs. While e-Books seem to be a logical source as they are essentially electronic versions of the paperback texts we already know and love, there seems to be a growing concern amongst researchers in the field as to their effectiveness ...


How Fifth-Grade Inclusion Teachers Within A Suburban School District, Use Assessments To Guide The Literacy Needs Of Their Students, Christine Erne Jun 2012

How Fifth-Grade Inclusion Teachers Within A Suburban School District, Use Assessments To Guide The Literacy Needs Of Their Students, Christine Erne

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Much research has been conducted on inclusion classrooms as well as on assessments. However, little research exists on how teachers within inclusion classrooms use assessments to provide literacy instruction. I conducted a six-week study in two fifth-grade inclusion classrooms within a suburban school district, in order to determine how teachers use assessments to guide the literacy needs of their students. I interviewed two general education teachers and two special education teachers, and observed them during their ELA blocks. I explored formal and informal assessments the teachers used throughout the study. The participating teachers used more informal assessments than formal assessments ...


Retesting: Helpful Or Hurtful To Middle School Math Students?, Brian Crnkovich Oct 2009

Retesting: Helpful Or Hurtful To Middle School Math Students?, Brian Crnkovich

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The policy of retesting, in which students are provided with multiple testing opportunities on the same subject matter in the hopes of improving test scores and mastery of the material, has become increasingly popular in American education. This policy has been the subject to debate in education scholarship, with scholars disagreeing on whether retesting helps students gain confidence or encourages them to try less. This study examines Canandaigua Middle School’s retesting policy for math classes to ascertain its value or harm. Seventh grade students were given questionnaires after instances of testing and retesting, asking questions about test preparation. Both ...


An Exploration Of The Leisure Reading Habits And Attitudes Of Eighth-Grade Students, Karissa Alice Covert Aug 2009

An Exploration Of The Leisure Reading Habits And Attitudes Of Eighth-Grade Students, Karissa Alice Covert

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of my study was to explore common factors that may have contributed to young adolescents developing or not developing a love for reading. In order to do this, I developed three research questions.

1) How many eighth grade students in my study identify themselves as readers or non-readers?

2) For those who identify themselves as readers or non-readers, what are some common factors reported including friends, family, reading habits, and leisure activities?

3) Are there any differences between the social environment of readers and non-readers?

Through a primarily qualitative study (which also includes some quantitative measures) I questioned ...


Differentiation In Teaching Reading Comprehension And Motivation Of Students, Mark J. Bates Jul 2007

Differentiation In Teaching Reading Comprehension And Motivation Of Students, Mark J. Bates

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Meeting the needs of all students in a classroom is one of the biggest challenges that teachers face today. Planning lessons in a differentiated format allows teachers to bridge the gap between different levels and styles of learners in their classrooms, since it acknowledges varying readiness levels, learning preferences, and interests. The author evaluated whether teaching in a differential style would increase a student’s motivation and learning engagement. The author worked with a small group of students in guided reading activities, first teaching in a traditional, teacher-led instructional format and then in a differentiated, student-focused format in which students ...


Do Biases And Experiences Of Elementary Teachers Affect The Referral Process?, Kerriann Callen May 2004

Do Biases And Experiences Of Elementary Teachers Affect The Referral Process?, Kerriann Callen

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Teachers could be referring students based on where the student lives or what background he or she comes from rather than on educational needs. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether the biases and experiences of elementary teachers affect whom they refer or whom they do not refer for special education. All of the subjects in this study are teachers from a small suburban school district in Western New York. According to the findings of this study, teachers tended to refer the male student with behavior problems more often than the students with severe academic needs. Teachers in ...


The Reliability Of The New York Statewide Assessment Rubric For Badminton At The Commencement Level When Used By A Master-Teacher, A Student-Teacher, And Peer., David Alan Carson Aug 2003

The Reliability Of The New York Statewide Assessment Rubric For Badminton At The Commencement Level When Used By A Master-Teacher, A Student-Teacher, And Peer., David Alan Carson

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

The purpose of this study was to provide physical education professionals with empirical data that supports the current literature on authentic assessment. The recent literature points out the benefits of authentic assessment: it encourages students to think and perform at a "higher level", relates to unit and curriculum goals, and it improves teacher and student accountability. A rubric is the most widely used authentic assessment tool in physical education and peer authentic assessment is a common assessment style. The New York Statewide Rubric at the Commencement Level in Badminton was the assessment tool used in the study and the students ...


The Effects Of Preschool On Phonemic Awareness In First Grade, Debbie Godsen Aug 2002

The Effects Of Preschool On Phonemic Awareness In First Grade, Debbie Godsen

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study examined whether there was a statistically significant difference between the reading readiness skills in first grade of students who attended preschool and students who did not attend preschool. The researcher compiled a list of students in first grade who attended preschool. Another group of students in first grade was randomly selected. The Emergent Literacy Survey (ELS) was administered to all students within the first two weeks of their first grade year. The average score for each group was compared using a t test. The results of the t test show there is no statistically significant difference in mean ...


The Perceptions Of The Teacher Certification Students Regarding Their Program Of Study While At Suny Brockport In Two Timelines, Jerono Phylis Rotich Sagero Dec 1998

The Perceptions Of The Teacher Certification Students Regarding Their Program Of Study While At Suny Brockport In Two Timelines, Jerono Phylis Rotich Sagero

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

Research has supported the need for curriculum and program reformation, but relatively little work has been done on how programs have been reformed. Furthermore, minimal research attention has been given to the perceptions of the students on their programs of study. This research was designed to examine the perceptions of students on their teacher education programs of study while at SUNY college at Brockport.

A total of 78 Students who completed between 1989 and 1996 completed the survey questionnaire which was a measure of their perceptions. They were categorized into two different timelines; timeline -one consisted of those who graduated ...


Comparison Of First Year Teachers In The Rochester City School District Who Participated In The Collaborative Internships Masters Program And Those Who Did Not, Karen A. Bovenzi Jul 1998

Comparison Of First Year Teachers In The Rochester City School District Who Participated In The Collaborative Internships Masters Program And Those Who Did Not, Karen A. Bovenzi

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Central to improving the education of children is improving the competency of their teachers. A lack of preparation for prospective teachers has led to calls for higher standards in teacher training and the increased use of internships prior to graduation. This paper examines the Collaborative Internship Master’s Program (CIMP) created by the Rochester City School District and the State University of New York Collage at Brockport, in which provisionally certified first year teachers are required to fulfill a 15-hour per week teaching responsibility at a selected school site alongside their Master’s courses. The author asks whether the program ...


Reading Achievement Comparison Of Special Education Students Instructed Through The Sra Corrective Reading Program, Nancy L. Novak Aug 1997

Reading Achievement Comparison Of Special Education Students Instructed Through The Sra Corrective Reading Program, Nancy L. Novak

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The objective of this study was to evaluate the reading progress of middle school special education students after being administered the SRA Corrective Reading Program for the school year 1997. The students were placed in homogeneous reading groups within the program after being given a placement test.

In April of 1996, these students were given the Woodcock Reading Mastery Tests (Form H) which were used as a baseline. These same students were again tested in April of 1997 using the Woodcock Reading Mastery Tests (Form G) to determine if any significant growth in reading scores occurred. The testing in 1996 ...


Comparing Reading Achievement Scores Of Fifth Grade Female Students In Lutheran Schools To Those In A National Norming Group, Sharon L. Cole May 1997

Comparing Reading Achievement Scores Of Fifth Grade Female Students In Lutheran Schools To Those In A National Norming Group, Sharon L. Cole

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a statistically significant difference between Reading Achievement scores of fifth grade Lutheran school female students compared to national norms.

Fifth grade female students (n = 20) from eight New York Lutheran elementary schools who took the Spring 1996 Stanford Achievement Reading Test were the subjects of this study. The scores were collected from eight Lutheran elementary schools and separated by gender. These scores were compared to the national Stanford

Achievement Reading scores for fifth grade level. A t test was used to analyze the data. It was determined that there ...


Case Study: The Combined Effects Of The Neurological Impress Method And The Educational Therapy Approach Upon An Adult Disabled Reader, Paula A. Mosman Jul 1996

Case Study: The Combined Effects Of The Neurological Impress Method And The Educational Therapy Approach Upon An Adult Disabled Reader, Paula A. Mosman

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The adult remedial reader often exhibits diverse needs which are necessary to be taken into consideration amid remediation efforts. Low self-esteem, sense of failure, and dependency upon trusted teachers, family, and friends briefly describe the obstacles which the adult learner must contend with. This is a case study of a 38 year old woman attending Adult Basic Education classes in an urban community. Despite having progressed through the twelfth grade, her educational experiences were generally inconsistent and academically unsuccessful. The subject read at a second grade independent reading level and exhibited great need in phonological awareness at the initial stages ...


Parent Perceptions Of Authentic Assessment, Tamalyn M. Onderdonk Jul 1996

Parent Perceptions Of Authentic Assessment, Tamalyn M. Onderdonk

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Authentic assessment allows students to comprehend what they have learned and connect it to real-world issues and challenges. Unlike testing designed to measure recall, this form of assessment requires students apply the knowledge they have acquired and create their own thoughts and ideas from this knowledge base. Exhibitions, including essays, artwork, oral presentations, and some traditional tests, are the means for authentic assessment as they allow students to demonstrate their knowledge. Given that many parents went through educational instruction without this form of assessment, it is unclear whether they understand its value. This paper sought to determine what information parents ...


Views Of African-American Males On Their Educational Experiences, G Najmah Abdulmateen May 1995

Views Of African-American Males On Their Educational Experiences, G Najmah Abdulmateen

Master's Theses

This study examined the opinions of African American males on the American educational system through an analysis of their expressions about their educational experiences.

The researcher interviewed 40 African American Males in the following categories: second, fourth, sixth, eighth, tenth and twelfth grades, high school graduates and high school dropouts. There were five subjects interviewed for each category. A set of eight questions was used to ascertain the opinions of these young men. The researcher compiled a listing of the raw data as well as charts that quantify the interview results.

The findings indicate that school districts should examine their ...