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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Adaptive Program For Chinese Rural Children Who Transfer To Urban Areas, Yiying Zhang Jan 2020

The Adaptive Program For Chinese Rural Children Who Transfer To Urban Areas, Yiying Zhang

Creative Components

This paper explores the potential adaptive programs for Chinese rural children when they transfer from Chinese rural areas to urban areas. The huge urban-rural economic gap in China directly results in its unbalanced educational resource allocation. Some outstanding rural students must have opportunities to access urban public resources to obtain positive development. The Chinese government has conducted a lot of programs that assist Chinese rural children to obtain an education in urban areas; however, the effects are limited since these programs just transfer these children directly but do not put much effort into helping them to adapt to local culture ...


Engineering In The Elementary Science Classroom: Teachers' Knowledge And Practice Of The Nature Of Engineering, Jacob Pleasants Jan 2018

Engineering In The Elementary Science Classroom: Teachers' Knowledge And Practice Of The Nature Of Engineering, Jacob Pleasants

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation focuses on the nature of engineering (NOE) as an objective of engineering education efforts within the context of K-12 science education in the United States. The dissertation examines the NOE knowledge and teaching practices of participants in a research project aimed at supporting science and engineering instruction in grades 3-5. The project formed teaching triads of elementary student teachers, their cooperating teachers, and engineering graduate students. The engineers served as content area experts in science and engineering, areas which elementary teachers often have little preparation. Together with the teaching expertise of the student teachers and cooperating teachers, these ...


Examining Teachers' Experiences In A Professional Learning Community Focused On Integrating Technology Into Literacy Instruction, Jennifer Marie Thoma Jan 2016

Examining Teachers' Experiences In A Professional Learning Community Focused On Integrating Technology Into Literacy Instruction, Jennifer Marie Thoma

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Many factors, such as lack of time, access to technology resources, and professional development, have been indicated as barriers to technology integration in teaching. One possible way to support teachers as they integrate technology into their instruction is through professional learning communities . The purpose of this qualitative case study was to examine how teachers experienced a Professional Learning Community (PLC) focused on integrating technology into literacy instruction. In this study, the PLC framework was situated as the means for teacher learning and planning. As such, it provided opportunities for teachers to learn from one another as well as share their ...


Teacher Perception Of And Experience With State Mandated Implementation Of Multi-Tiered Systems Of Support/Response To Intervention, Marcy Rose Hahn Jan 2015

Teacher Perception Of And Experience With State Mandated Implementation Of Multi-Tiered Systems Of Support/Response To Intervention, Marcy Rose Hahn

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Background/context: Until recently, the use of Multi-tiered Systems of Support/Response to Intervention (MTSS/RtI) in Iowa has been limited to identifying students who need special education services. In December 2011, the Iowa Department of Education (IDOE) released a document announcing the timeline for mandatory implementation of MTSS/RtI in all classrooms in all public Pre-K-12 schools. The IDOE document outlined an initial sequence of steps that schools would follow. The sequence began with providing evidence-based instruction in math and reading for kindergarten through sixth grade. Based on the IDOE timeline, this study examines the early implementation process as ...


Integrated Classroom Physical Activity: Examining Perceived Need Satisfaction And Academic Performance In Children, Miriam Ann Blom Skrade Jan 2013

Integrated Classroom Physical Activity: Examining Perceived Need Satisfaction And Academic Performance In Children, Miriam Ann Blom Skrade

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Physical activity is related to better academic performance and prevention of childhood obesity. Classroom-based physical activities, based on recent research studies, seem to target both areas successfully. Move for Thought (M4T) is a recently developed kit that integrates physical activities into academic lessons in the classroom. This thesis is the first to examine the kit's impact on children's motivation and math performance. The study aimed to see (a) if eight weeks of M4T integrated with math, compared to traditional lessons (control), would elicit a gain in math performance and (b) if the basic psychological needs in math (autonomy ...


Schoolgirls In Cyberspace: A Cross-Case Analysis Of The Literacy Practices Of Three Fifth-Grade Girls In A Social Network Site, Denise Lorraine Lindstrom Jan 2012

Schoolgirls In Cyberspace: A Cross-Case Analysis Of The Literacy Practices Of Three Fifth-Grade Girls In A Social Network Site, Denise Lorraine Lindstrom

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is an exploratory study of the literacy practices of three fifth-grade girls as they used a social network site (SNS) for school related purposes. SNSs are widely used by adolescents, and because communication in these sites is accomplished mainly through writing, it is important to improve our understanding of what this kind of writing might mean for school-based writing instruction. Best practices in adolescent literacy instruction suggest that teachers need to build on the literacy practices adolescents develop in their homes, communities and peer networks to improve their motivation to engage with school-based writing. However, many educators tend ...


A Qualitative Assessment Of Preservice Elementary Teachers' Formative Perceptions Regarding Engineering And K-12 Engineering Education, Dennis Eugene Culver Jan 2012

A Qualitative Assessment Of Preservice Elementary Teachers' Formative Perceptions Regarding Engineering And K-12 Engineering Education, Dennis Eugene Culver

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Current teacher education programs provide limited instruction for preservice elementary teachers regarding the incorporation or teaching of engineering concepts and skills in their classrooms. Few studies have been conducted that focus specifically on preservice elementary teachers' formative perceptions and receptivity towards engineering

education. That is, not enough is known about what preservice teachers know and think about engineering.

The purpose of this qualitative research study was to investigate how forty-four preservice elementary teachers' from a large Midwestern university approached engineering design, the perceptions of engineering and K-12 engineering education that they possessed,

and their level of receptiveness with regards to ...


The Impact Of Flexible Grouping On Reading Achievement For Sixth Grade Students, Jill Marie Reisner Jan 2008

The Impact Of Flexible Grouping On Reading Achievement For Sixth Grade Students, Jill Marie Reisner

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A quantitative case study at a three-section Midwestern elementary school examined a current flexible grouping method, with increased numbers of teachers, being implemented in sixth grade classrooms versus the traditional whole group instruction. Using Iowa Test of Basic Skills (ITBS) data, the research analyzed if flexible grouping can significantly increase reading achievement in sixth grade students. The research compared the means of sixth grade students national percentile rank (NPR) of the participating students in the area of reading, on their fifth grade ITBS test to their NPR on their sixth grade ITBS test. Results suggest there was no significant growth ...


The Enablers And Barriers Of Providing Professional Practical Skills Education To Rural Elementary School Students In Zhejiang, China , Difei Shen Jan 2006

The Enablers And Barriers Of Providing Professional Practical Skills Education To Rural Elementary School Students In Zhejiang, China , Difei Shen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Professional technical skills (technical skills) and professional practical skills (practical skills) are two kinds of education that are often discussed in terms of technical knowledge and life skills respectively. The acquisition of both technical and practical skills not only is the outcome of education, but also is required by a market economy. However, Chinese rural students are not provided practical skills under the traditional exam-oriented educational system. This study argues to build the educational infrastructure in rural China to provide both kinds of skills to improve the quality of its rural human resources;The purpose of this study is to ...


Technology Integration For Teaching And Learning Spanish In Elementary Schools: Voices Of Designers, Teachers And Students , Eduardo García Villada Jan 2006

Technology Integration For Teaching And Learning Spanish In Elementary Schools: Voices Of Designers, Teachers And Students , Eduardo García Villada

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A critical review of the literature on computer-assisted language learning (CALL) research between 1980 and 2005 indicates that no one in the field of foreign language at the elementary school (FLES) has identified what principles might be useful for practice-oriented CALL that is relevant for young learners, and that very little research had been published in the area. To fill this gap, a theoretical framework is proposed to design, evaluate, and use CALL materials for FLES, and the framework is tested in two studies.;The first was a phenomenological investigation of K-6 teachers' projects from a teachers' professional development program ...


Academic Achievement Of Year-Round And Traditional Calendar Elementary Students In A School-Within-A-School Setting , Barbara Kay Ramos Jan 2006

Academic Achievement Of Year-Round And Traditional Calendar Elementary Students In A School-Within-A-School Setting , Barbara Kay Ramos

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Do students attending school on a year-round calendar outperform students attending school on a traditional calendar in reading and math? Mixed and inconclusive findings are reported in previous studies. This study examined the reading and math achievement of 2004-2005 fifth graders in three school-within-a-school year-round elementary schools located in the United States. An ex post facto comparison group posttest design was utilized. National percentile ranks on state selected standardized tests were analyzed. Overall, sixteen comparisons of year-round and traditional student achievement and growth were made. When mean scores were compared in reading and math achievement and growth, all four comparisons ...


Where Is The "Self" In Teacher Self-Assessment?: An Examination Of Teachers' Reflection And Assessment Practices In Relation To Their Teaching Practices , Andrea Jean Madsen Jan 2005

Where Is The "Self" In Teacher Self-Assessment?: An Examination Of Teachers' Reflection And Assessment Practices In Relation To Their Teaching Practices , Andrea Jean Madsen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to identify the levels of explicit reflection-on-action and criteria with which teachers self-assess their teaching, and to compare these levels and criteria to classroom practices. These reflections and practices were then compared to the participants' preservice preparation to determine the extent to which strategies taught transferred to classroom practice. To investigate these issues, this study utilized classroom observations, interviews, and relevant documents from thirteen second-, third-, fourth-, or fifth-year teachers who had graduated from a traditional elementary teacher education program at a landgrant university in the Midwestern United States. Classroom observations were rated using ...


Mentoring Practices Of Cooperating Teachers To Prepare Student Teachers For Meeting Selected Iowa Teaching Standards: The Student Teacher's Perspective , Cynthia L. Waters Jan 2005

Mentoring Practices Of Cooperating Teachers To Prepare Student Teachers For Meeting Selected Iowa Teaching Standards: The Student Teacher's Perspective , Cynthia L. Waters

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Student teaching is the most widely studied aspect of inservice teacher preparation, the premier event for which the preservice educator has been trained. This experience is critical, as it sets the stage for his/her career. Appropriate guidance is key during this stage of development for teachers. Without mentoring, student teachers may not be ready to meet the challenges that await them in their own classrooms;This study used qualitative research to determine how student teachers perceive that they are being mentored by their cooperating teachers to assist them in meeting the Iowa Teaching Standards, specifically standards 7 and 8 ...


The Magic Bullet: The Effective Administrator's Roles During The Implementation Of Technology In K-12 Education , Dennis Wayne Mcelroy Jan 2004

The Magic Bullet: The Effective Administrator's Roles During The Implementation Of Technology In K-12 Education , Dennis Wayne Mcelroy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The importance of the school administrator to the success of educational technology initiatives is well documented in the literature. During the last twenty years numerous recommendations have been released concerning the roles a school administrator should fill to increase the success rate of a technology initiative. These culminated with the publication of the National Educational Technology Standards for Administrators (NETS-A) by the International Society for Technology in Education in 2001. This case study describes the actual roles and actions taken by an exemplary school administrator during the technology implementation process, provides a comparison to literature and the NETS-A, and discusses ...


Preservice Teacher Perceptions Of Intensive Field Experiences And Classroom Teacher Mentoring: A Case Study , Pamela Sue Cooper Ewell Jan 2004

Preservice Teacher Perceptions Of Intensive Field Experiences And Classroom Teacher Mentoring: A Case Study , Pamela Sue Cooper Ewell

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative case study examined the experiences of three preservice teachers who enrolled in a teacher preparation program that was conceived and implemented through a collaborative effort between a college, a K--12 school, and a regional education agency. Specifically, this study uncovered the perceptions of the preservice teachers as they were mentored by a classroom teacher throughout the program's three-year extensive field experiences, and the perceptions of mentoring by the classroom teacher. The findings point to the strong benefits of extended and extensive field experiences in K--12 classrooms for preservice teachers. The extended field experiences provided a multi-tiered framework ...


Impact Of The Smoother Sailing Elementary School Counseling Program: A Meta-Analysis , Mariann H. Bryant Culver Jan 2002

Impact Of The Smoother Sailing Elementary School Counseling Program: A Meta-Analysis , Mariann H. Bryant Culver

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is a series of papers that explored the effectiveness of Smoother Sailing, an elementary (K--5) comprehensive, developmental counseling program. Meta-analytical methods are used with field data collected from 1988 to 2001. Various effect size statistics are matched with the diverse types of research findings.;The first paper examines the role of the elementary school counselor. The Smoother Sailing program recommends that time the school counselor spends in the counseling role be divided equally into thirds among classroom guidance, small group counseling, and individual counseling including consulting with parents, teachers, or community members. Results confirm a consistent counselor role ...


Sensitivity To Cultural Diversity Of Preservice Teachers Who Minor In Educational Computing , Carline Bradford Phillips Jan 2000

Sensitivity To Cultural Diversity Of Preservice Teachers Who Minor In Educational Computing , Carline Bradford Phillips

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Demographic trends indicate that the nation's school population is increasing in its percentage of children of color, while the teacher education students are largely European American women from rural areas. Additionally, these teacher education students have little experience with, or knowledge of diverse cultures. It is against this backdrop that a 1999 federal study revealed that "teaching students from diverse cultural backgrounds" and "using technology in the classroom" were areas for which neither new teachers nor veterans felt well-prepared (U.S. Department of Education, 1999). These major revelations highlight the need for teacher education programs to implement program changes ...


The Effect Of Varying Data Collection Techniques In Evaluating The Impact Of A Social Problem Solving Curriculum , John Frederick Tompkins Jan 1999

The Effect Of Varying Data Collection Techniques In Evaluating The Impact Of A Social Problem Solving Curriculum , John Frederick Tompkins

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The ability to apply techniques associated with problem solving and decision making has been identified as an area receiving significant emphasis in today's educational programming. Goodman, Gravitt and Kaslow (1995) found that children who had experienced a high impact of negative life events with less effective social problem solving skills reported higher levels of depression compared to children that exhibited more effective social problem solving skills. The following questions are posed as problem statements for this study: (1) Is student performance in social problem solving measured in a one-to-one structured interview enhanced when demonstration or application of skills is ...


Social Information Processing In Children: Sequential Relations And Syndrome Specificity , Timi Dee Friederichs Jordison Jan 1999

Social Information Processing In Children: Sequential Relations And Syndrome Specificity , Timi Dee Friederichs Jordison

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined social information processing as a function of level of depression, anxiety, aggression and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children. Multiple informants were used to identify symptoms of depression, anxiety, aggression and ADHD in 141 fifth grade children in an Iowa middle school. 91 of these students were randomly selected to be interviewed with an instrument consisting of six vignettes depicting social situations relevant to this age group. Four stages of social information processing were studied: (a) interpretation of cues, (b) goal clarification (i.e., goal generation and evaluation), (c) response generation and (d) response evaluation. The ...


Two Case Studies On Impact Evaluation Of Education Projects , Jooseop Kim Jan 1998

Two Case Studies On Impact Evaluation Of Education Projects , Jooseop Kim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Primary school enrollment rates in Pakistan are far lower than in countries facing similar economic circumstances. The problem is particularly severe for girls in poor families and rural areas;To address this problem, the Balochistan Education Foundation with technical support from World Bank launched the Urban Girls' Fellowship program in 1994, and the Community Support Program (CSP) in 1992. These programs were instituted in Balochistan Province, the poorest, the least populous, least educated province of Pakistan. The main object of the pilot programs was to increase the enrollment rate for girls;This study evaluates the two programs using experimental and ...


The Tale Of Two Classrooms: The Looping Experience , Jyll Johnson Miner Jan 1998

The Tale Of Two Classrooms: The Looping Experience , Jyll Johnson Miner

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This ethnographic study describes the instructional strategies and methods of teacher planning used by two elementary looping teachers in one elementary school. Over a six month period, twenty-three interviews were conducted and fifty observations were made. Teachers discuss planning, teacher collaboration, student range of abilities, life history, integrated thematic instruction, and literacy concepts. The primary purpose of the study was to provide a description of planning and instruction from the perspective of teachers in active looping classrooms. I was guided by three research questions: (1) What are teachers' experiences in a looped classroom? (2) What kinds of instructional approaches evolve ...


Ecological Approach To Increasing Literacy Of At Risk Youth , Sharon Louise Query Jan 1997

Ecological Approach To Increasing Literacy Of At Risk Youth , Sharon Louise Query

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

About a quarter of the children under the age of six are living in poverty, a factor that is highly relevant to school failure. Protective factors are individual or environmental safeguards that enhance a youngster's ability to resist stressful life events and promote resilience. There are protective factors at work in every system--individual, family, peer, school, and community;The Model City/Woodland Wilkie Literacy project was designed to increase the participants' protective factors and academic achievement. The purpose of this study was to determine if participants in the Model City/Woodland Wilkie Literacy Project exhibited evidence of protective factors ...


Perceptions Regarding Integration Of Agricultural Awareness Activities By Elementary Teachers In East Central Iowa, Neil Armstrong Knobloch Jan 1997

Perceptions Regarding Integration Of Agricultural Awareness Activities By Elementary Teachers In East Central Iowa, Neil Armstrong Knobloch

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to analyze the status of agricultural awareness efforts in elementary grades in a selected area of Iowa and create a model of agricultural awareness for the community education system. The primary objectives of this study were: (1) identify elementary school teachers' perceptions on agricultural related issues; (2) identify the extent of current agricultural awareness activities; (3) compare selected demographic data with perceptions and activities of elementary school teachers in east central Iowa; and (4) develop a model for delivery of agricultural awareness programming. This study was conducted using a survey instrument that was distributed ...


Defining Relationships Between Perceived Leader Authenticity, Staff Authenticity And Instructional Leadership In Urban Elementary Schools , Deborah Jean Gettys Jan 1996

Defining Relationships Between Perceived Leader Authenticity, Staff Authenticity And Instructional Leadership In Urban Elementary Schools , Deborah Jean Gettys

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study focused on the role of the elementary principal as the building's instructional leader and the teachers' perception of that role as it relates to a curriculum adoption. The Des Moines Independent Community School District of Des Moines, IA approved a districtwide elementary mathematics curriculum, based on the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics Standards (1989). The adoption represented a major shift in philosophy and approach from past district curricula. Initiatives were launched for staff development, teacher support and parent communication. These district efforts took place in a formal organizational structure of site-based management through shared decision-making (SBM ...


An Examination Of The Influence Of Student Teaching Experience On Preservice Elementary Teachers' Self-Efficacy Judgments About The Full-Inclusion Of Students With Exceptional Needs In The Regular Education Elementary Classroom , Nancy Ann Eckerson Jan 1995

An Examination Of The Influence Of Student Teaching Experience On Preservice Elementary Teachers' Self-Efficacy Judgments About The Full-Inclusion Of Students With Exceptional Needs In The Regular Education Elementary Classroom , Nancy Ann Eckerson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to determine the influence of student teaching experience on four aspects crucially related to preservice teachers' ability to teach in the increasingly complex environments created by exceptional students: self-efficacy, outcome expectations, sources of information, and choice behavior or perceived ability to cope with students that present exceptional challenges in a full-inclusion regular education classroom;The study utilized a nonrandomized control group, pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design. The two groups were drawn from preservice elementary teachers attending a medium-sized state university in southern Minnesota during Spring Quarter of 1994. One group (n = 41) included students enrolled ...


Ethnicity Awareness Intervention: Effects On Attitudes And Behaviors Of Science Educators , Carlie Collins Lyster Tartakov Jan 1995

Ethnicity Awareness Intervention: Effects On Attitudes And Behaviors Of Science Educators , Carlie Collins Lyster Tartakov

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The need to create programs that help teachers deal with the challenges of developing a larger work force of scientists that includes under-represented minority status groups has been a concern of educators for more than three decades. The need to measure the effectiveness of intervention programs addressing science equity has often been relegated to a secondary status. This study attempts to fill this void;The purpose of this research was to examine the effects of an ethnicity component on educators' attitudes and behaviors toward ethnicity as they teach science. The subjects of the study were Iowa K-3 educators. The 1992 ...


Identifying Differences In Testing Attitudes, Practices, And Concerns Of Teachers In Outcome- And Nonoutcome-Based Elementary Schools , Janet F. Rope Jan 1994

Identifying Differences In Testing Attitudes, Practices, And Concerns Of Teachers In Outcome- And Nonoutcome-Based Elementary Schools , Janet F. Rope

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study sought to determine whether implementation of the outcome-based education (OBE) model was accompanied by a shift in teacher attitudes, practices, and concerns about student assessment. A total of 96 Iowa elementary school teachers in grades one through five volunteered to participate in this study about classroom assessment. Sixty-six teachers in outcome-based schools and 30 teachers in nonoutcome-based schools completed the 20-item questionnaire. In particular, it tried to verify teachers' attitudes about assessment-related decisions, the level of use of six different types of assessment instruments, and the primary concerns of teachers about each test type. The study also attempted ...


An Examination Of Parent Perceptions Of The Quality Of School Practices And Their Relationship To Parent Support For The School , James Michael O'Connell Jan 1993

An Examination Of Parent Perceptions Of The Quality Of School Practices And Their Relationship To Parent Support For The School , James Michael O'Connell

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research examined parent perceptions of: (a) the level of quality of 14 dimensions of educational practice employed by the school their children attend, (b) the level of school quality, (c) the level of parent support for the school, and (d) the likelihood of parents providing specific types of support for the school. Also examined was the relationship between attendance level, gender, family status, and income and parent perceptions of the quality of the school and their support for the school; and the relationship between the quality of 14 dimensions of educational practice and school support;Forty-two schools from two ...


A Case Study Of Inservice Education For Teachers Of Computer Education At The Elementary School Level In Taiwan, Republic Of China , Lih-Jen Jew Jan 1992

A Case Study Of Inservice Education For Teachers Of Computer Education At The Elementary School Level In Taiwan, Republic Of China , Lih-Jen Jew

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to gather the perceptions and the attitudes of elementary school teachers in Taiwan R.O.C. regarding inservice computer education programs. The study also investigated elementary school teachers' attitudes towards content, format, scheduling, and administrative' support of inservice education;Data were collected by way of a survey which was measured using a Likert scale. A proportional, stratified random sampling procedure was used to identify 200 elementary schools from the 2,467 elementary schools in Taiwan. The survey was mailed to principals of sampled schools. Only one teacher from each school was chosen as a ...


The Interrelationships Among Nutritional Status, Living Environment, And School Performance Of First Through Third Grade Primary School Children Living In Low Socioeconomic Areas In Khartoum, Sudan , Sidiga A. Rahim Washi Jan 1992

The Interrelationships Among Nutritional Status, Living Environment, And School Performance Of First Through Third Grade Primary School Children Living In Low Socioeconomic Areas In Khartoum, Sudan , Sidiga A. Rahim Washi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to investigate the interrelations among and between indicators of nutritional status, living environment, and school performance of first through third grade primary school children living in low socioeconomic areas in Khartoum, Sudan. Subjects were 198 first through third grade males and females enrolled in six primary schools in three urban, low socioeconomic areas of Khartoum. An interview form was developed to obtain information from the subjects' mothers or female guardians regarding demographic and living environment information, food behavior patterns, and common illnesses of their children. At school, anthropometric characteristics (weight and height) were measured ...