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Full-Text Articles in Education

A Proposed Classification Schedule For A Curriculum Materials Collection, Robert E. Jones Dec 1971

A Proposed Classification Schedule For A Curriculum Materials Collection, Robert E. Jones

All Master's Theses

This paper presents a classification schedule which may be utilized to organize the printed materials found in a curriculum laboratory. The schedule is designed to provide the user with maximum ease of access to the materials contained in the collection and relieves the curriculum librarian of many of the clerical routines common to the processing of new materials. The summary ir.cludcs general recommendations for the application of the schedule and suggestions relating to the organization and administration of the entire collection of printed curriculum materials.


A Survey Of Qualifications And Job Activities Of Employees Responsible For Space Analysis In Public Four Year Institutions Of Higher Education, Duane Marvin Skeen Aug 1971

A Survey Of Qualifications And Job Activities Of Employees Responsible For Space Analysis In Public Four Year Institutions Of Higher Education, Duane Marvin Skeen

All Master's Theses

This paper presents the results of a national survey of 342 four year public institutions of higher education. The survey was conducted by questionnaire. Its purpose was to determine the administrative level, educational background, and major job responsibilities of persons performing analysis of physical facility needs in colleges and universities. The survey revealed that 115 (46. 18 percent) of 249 responding institutions had such an employee. The most frequently reported job title was Campus Planner, and Bachelor's degrees in Business Administration and Education were the most common undergraduate majors. The major job tasks reported were long-range space projection, facilities inventory, …


Relationship Of Convergent And Divergent Teaching To Creative Performance, Robert Bruce Kibler Aug 1971

Relationship Of Convergent And Divergent Teaching To Creative Performance, Robert Bruce Kibler

All Master's Theses

This study investigated the effect on test scores on the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking. Form A, resulting from convergent and divergent methods of teaching fifteen half-hour mini-lessons in social studies to fourth, fifth, and sixth graders. Results favored the Divergent Group, and their scores were more widely dispersed. Recommendations included a follow-up study, replication of the experiment with variations in the sample and treatments, and investigation of the possible utility of a two-score achievement test.


The Teacher's Contingent Use Of Praise And Privilege To Improve Classroom Study Behavior, Margaret E. Taylor Aug 1971

The Teacher's Contingent Use Of Praise And Privilege To Improve Classroom Study Behavior, Margaret E. Taylor

All Master's Theses

It was the purpose of this experiment to determine if the study behavior of an entire classroom and two target students could be increased by teacher implementation of a program of contingent praise and privilege for appropriate study behavior. It was proposed in this study that a regular classroom teacher receiving instructions in the concepts of reinforcement theory from a school psychologist intern, would be able to elicit significant behavioral changes in the classroom as the result of the implementation of this contingency program.


A Study On Differentiated Staffing In The First Class Districts Of Washington State, Edward C. Tiegs Aug 1971

A Study On Differentiated Staffing In The First Class Districts Of Washington State, Edward C. Tiegs

All Master's Theses

It was the purpose of this study (1) to examine the literature on differentiated staffing; (2) to determine the status of differentiated staffing in the first class districts of Washington State; (3) to compare the authorities' description of differentiated staffing to an actual pilot program implemented in Washington; (4) to determine the attitude of the certificated staff towards differentiated staffing in each building included in the study; (5) to determine if teachers and administrators in the buildings included in the study felt the differentiated staffing utilization of teachers improved instruction significantly more than was the case under traditional staffing; (6) …


The Influence Of Selected Individuals On The Acquisition Of Fundamental Motor Skills Of Girls, Laura Susan Clapp Aug 1971

The Influence Of Selected Individuals On The Acquisition Of Fundamental Motor Skills Of Girls, Laura Susan Clapp

All Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of selected individuals on the acquisition of fundamental motor skills of girls. Specific problems were: 1. To develop a device for measuring influences exerted by selected individuals. 2. To measure fundamental motor skills. This study was limited to all ninth grade girls attending Arroyo High School in San Lorenzo, California. This study was limited to one administration of the questionnaire and one administration of the motor ability test per girl.


A Comparative Investigation Of The Effects Of Frequent Testing Upon Achievement In Secondary Advanced Algebra, John Thomas Fullerton Aug 1971

A Comparative Investigation Of The Effects Of Frequent Testing Upon Achievement In Secondary Advanced Algebra, John Thomas Fullerton

All Master's Theses

Relatively speaking, few studies have concerned themselves with the problem of frequent testing, and as Keys pointed out, empirical evidence, uncomplicated by differences in the amount of testing material employed, on the effects of frequent testing is, at best, scarce (14:427). Also many studies used tests and test results for direct instruction, thus introducing additional variables. Furthermore, the choice of subjects and disciplines has been limited, the better part being taken from college psychology and sociology classes or high school science classes. This investigation was not an attempt to modify previous experiments, nor was it an attempt to identify which …


The Effectiveness Of Counselors As Judged By High School Graduates, Ray Y. Johnson Aug 1971

The Effectiveness Of Counselors As Judged By High School Graduates, Ray Y. Johnson

All Master's Theses

This study will attempt to test the following aspects of present counseling effectiveness in Washington high schools. After being asked, students will say: 1. Counselors are quite useful to them. 2. Their ideas about the counselor came mainly from discussion with their friends. 3. Counseling is mostly for vocational-educational reasons and not for personal reasons. 4. They recommended counseling to friends or fellow students and would do so again. 5. The high school counselor is an asset to their school. 6. There are several reasons why more students do not use high school counseling services. 7. High school counselors possess …


Duration Of State-Dependent Learning Induced By Ncfs-Ecs, Larry Wayne Morris Aug 1971

Duration Of State-Dependent Learning Induced By Ncfs-Ecs, Larry Wayne Morris

All Master's Theses

This paper investigated the course of the state-dependent function induced by NCFS-ECS at 24 hr. time intervals, beginning at 24 or 48 hrs. after NCFS-ECS treatment and terminating at 120 hrs. Results of both experiments indicate a state-dependent effect lasting up to 72 hrs., was absent at the 96 hr. retention test but, apparently returned by the 120 hr. retention test. Recommendations included investigation of fixed time intervals after the 120 hr. retention test.


An Investigation Into The Relationship Between Student Grades And Parental Attitude Towards The Teacher, Jerry C. Fritts Aug 1971

An Investigation Into The Relationship Between Student Grades And Parental Attitude Towards The Teacher, Jerry C. Fritts

All Master's Theses

Realizing that the parents play an important role in the total educational process, the primary purpose of this study is to determine if there is a relationship between student grades and parental attitude toward the teacher. It is contended that there is a relationship manifesting itself in the form of a positive correlation and it behooves those in education to do something to cultivate an atmosphere more conducive to educational success. Developing a mutual respect and willingness for cooperation between home and the teacher would serve to greatly enhance a child's educational experience. Another purpose of this study is to …


Problem Solving Ability And Effective Group Behavior Of Introductory Education Students, Gary Lewis Lord Aug 1971

Problem Solving Ability And Effective Group Behavior Of Introductory Education Students, Gary Lewis Lord

All Master's Theses

The need to understand group processes in the classroom and to use them to develop more effective learning is growing among educators. The group and its dynamics comprise significant conditions for learning and work either for or against the individual's development. One of the most significant learning developmental characteristics that is readily influenced by group variables is the individual's ability to solve problems. Not only is problem solving ability influenced by group variables, but it is through group process methods that this ability is most effectively learned. Thus, problem solving is believed to be a social skill. That group variables …


Comparison Of Effectiveness Of Basal Readers And Sullivan Programmed Materials, Joan E. Lorenz Aug 1971

Comparison Of Effectiveness Of Basal Readers And Sullivan Programmed Materials, Joan E. Lorenz

All Master's Theses

The aim of this study is not to tear down or ridicule any method, Sullivan Programmed or Traditional Basal, but to evaluate as objectively as possible, the merits and limitations which exist in both and to show, through testing a group of 99 first graders and 64 second graders, the possible effectiveness of these methods.


An Investigation Of Library Skills Acquired By Fifth Grade Students At Harvard Elementary School, Franklin Pierce District, Tacoma, Washington, Larry D. Rodahl Aug 1971

An Investigation Of Library Skills Acquired By Fifth Grade Students At Harvard Elementary School, Franklin Pierce District, Tacoma, Washington, Larry D. Rodahl

All Master's Theses

This study investigates two factors that were assumed to influence the amount and kind of library skills acquired by fifth grade students during the period of two consecutive years at Harvard Elementary School . The two factors were teacher-librarian cooperation and library availability.


A Study Of The Status And Leadership Of Girls' Athletics And The Attitudes Of Teachers Of Girls' Physical Education Toward Girls' Athletics In The State Of Idaho, Connie M. Thorngren Aug 1971

A Study Of The Status And Leadership Of Girls' Athletics And The Attitudes Of Teachers Of Girls' Physical Education Toward Girls' Athletics In The State Of Idaho, Connie M. Thorngren

All Master's Theses

In 1969 a questionnaire was sent to all Idaho high schools concerning girls’ athletic programs and the attitudes of girls’ physical education teachers toward athletics. Eighty-seven percent of the questionnaires were returned, an indication of high interest in the subject area. Results showed moderate participation in most team sports and low participation in most individual sports. Teachers demonstrated favorable attitudes toward girls’ interscholastic athletics and indicated a need for enlarged programs. Money, facilities, and qualified coaches and officials were viewed as major concerns of girls’ programs.


Time Sampling Technique Applied To Counseling Practicum, William David Thomas Aug 1971

Time Sampling Technique Applied To Counseling Practicum, William David Thomas

All Master's Theses

The analysis of interactions between individuals was developed primarily within the structure of classroom education. The historical development and refinement of educational interaction analysis was examined to set its use in the counseling situation into appropriate perspective. Many forms of interaction analysis have been used to investigate a wide range of variables. The review of the literature revealed discrepancies in the reported changes, if any, that took place in the verbal behavior of student counselors as a result of practicum training. To clarify this situation somewhat, this study attempted to observe student counselor verbal behavior change in association with practicum.


Effects Of The Cle Elum Reservoir On The Ephemeroptera (Mayflies) Of The Cle Elum River, David Bruce Ainsworth Aug 1971

Effects Of The Cle Elum Reservoir On The Ephemeroptera (Mayflies) Of The Cle Elum River, David Bruce Ainsworth

All Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine the physical and chemical effects of the Cle Elum Reservoir on the Cle Elum River and to evaluate these effects in respect to the Ephemeroptera of the Cle Elum River. Specific objectives were: (1) To determine the effects of the reservoir on current velocity, volume of flow, turbidity, and temperature. (2) To determine the effects of the reservoir on alkalinity, hardness, dissolved oxygen, and pH. (3) To evaluate the effects of the reservoir on the Ephemeroptera of the Cle Elum River.


A Comparison Of Media Between The Linear And Broadview Approach In Self-Instruction, Leslie T. Cotter Aug 1971

A Comparison Of Media Between The Linear And Broadview Approach In Self-Instruction, Leslie T. Cotter

All Master's Theses

For this study, two groups of students were exposed to two different sets of self-instructions using a linear and broadview format. Each student was then asked to demonstrate, without the aid of instructions, operation of three machines selected by a laboratory assistant. The present study is investigative in nature and seeks to clarify the following question: whether a difference exists in student performance using linear or a broadview format.


Retention As A Function Of Competition And Cooperation In Learning, Neil Orin Combelic Aug 1971

Retention As A Function Of Competition And Cooperation In Learning, Neil Orin Combelic

All Master's Theses

Educators in our school systems continually try to determine what kind of motivational atmosphere should be established to obtain the fullest potential from every student that enters an institution of higher learning. Since our society is built on competition, many educators would like to increase competition among students in the classroom. Other educators point out that too much competition can be harmful, and would like to see students cooperatively motivated in the classroom.


Production Of A Video Tape Recorded Supplement For Use In Teaching Electrical Tuned Circuit Theory, William A. Carlson Aug 1971

Production Of A Video Tape Recorded Supplement For Use In Teaching Electrical Tuned Circuit Theory, William A. Carlson

All Master's Theses

This paper presents a sample of the proceedures utilized to produce a video tape recorded suppliment for use in teaching electrical tuned circuit theory. It is designed so that it could be used as a ready reference for anyone desiring to make a video tape recorded teaching aid. A recomendation is that, with the advent of the simplified video tape recorder, every teacher should become as practiced in its operation and utilization as he now is with the film projector.


A Comparison Of A Traditional Physical Educcation Program To A Movement Exploration Program Involving Junior High School Socially Maladjusted And Emotionally Disturbed Students, Edward F, Cowles Aug 1971

A Comparison Of A Traditional Physical Educcation Program To A Movement Exploration Program Involving Junior High School Socially Maladjusted And Emotionally Disturbed Students, Edward F, Cowles

All Master's Theses

Educators have a responsibility to provide a physical education program for the socially maladjusted and emotionally disturbed. Some authorities recognize the problems and special handicaps of the socially maladjusted and emotionally disturbed students and recommend experimental variations in teaching methods from traditional methodology. The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not a planned program of movement exploration would show an efficient way of improving the physical fitness and motor abilities of an experimental group of junior high school socially maladjusted and emotionally disturbed students. The experimental movement program was compared to a traditional program of physical education …


The Effect Of Reading Achievement Of Seventh Grade Special Education Students Involved In A Tutoring Program, Kenneth A. Mattson Aug 1971

The Effect Of Reading Achievement Of Seventh Grade Special Education Students Involved In A Tutoring Program, Kenneth A. Mattson

All Master's Theses

Many variations of the tutorial concept have been presented and analyzed. Some programs have been professionally designed and have received federal grants while others have been organized by teachers and other innovators. These programs have involved graduate students, college students, interested members of the community, high school dropouts, and public students from elementary to high school. The greatest portion of these studies has been concerned with the effects of tutoring on those who received the benefits - the tutee. Few programs have been concerned with the effects of the tutoring sessions on the tutor. The problem then is to determine …


Retroactive Inhibition Versus Proactive Inhibition As A Function Of Variable Time Interval Among Elementary School Children, Tom L. Warren Aug 1971

Retroactive Inhibition Versus Proactive Inhibition As A Function Of Variable Time Interval Among Elementary School Children, Tom L. Warren

All Master's Theses

As a study of phenomena which affect learning, the inquiry into retroactive and proactive inhibition and their varying functions should be of vital interest to both psychology and education, particularly to those educators and learning theorists who work with elementary school children. Also, it is hoped that this study will provide more reliable and statistically significant data on the question of whether retroactive inhibition is greater than proactive inhibition of retention. And, in addition, if there is a difference between retroactive and proactive inhibition when the retention test is immediate or follows soon after original learning, will this difference disappear …


A Comparison Of Emphasis Of Training And On-The-Job Effectiveness Of Media Personnel, Roy E. Williams Aug 1971

A Comparison Of Emphasis Of Training And On-The-Job Effectiveness Of Media Personnel, Roy E. Williams

All Master's Theses

It has long been recognized in our society that formal training plays a strong role in the development of attitudes, and that attitudes are important determinants of behavior. Consequently, the behavior of one whose formal training has been oriented in a particular direction is often somewhat different from the behavior of one whose training has been oriented in a different direction. Does the training orientation of instructional materials personnel affect their on-the-job effectiveness? Will a person who is primarily oriented toward print materials be more or less effective in promoting the use of instructional materials than one whose orientation is …


Management Of Problem Behavior Through Peer Social Reinforcement, Nancy E. Bingell Aug 1971

Management Of Problem Behavior Through Peer Social Reinforcement, Nancy E. Bingell

All Master's Theses

For many years a difference of opinion has existed regarding the classroom placement of "emotionally disturbed" children into special classes. The majority of public school districts offer two placements into their special classes: heterogenous or homogeneous grouping. Homogeneous grouping of these children seems to cause a "boomeranging" effect on reinforcement of their disruptive behavior. We have not always found our answer for helping emotionally disturbed children through heterogeneous grouping. Since emotionally disturbed children usually have the ability or an above average ability to learn, a heterogeneous grouping may not be academically stimulating. Their classroom peers (children that are retarded, slow …


Innovative Instructional Materials For Eighth Grade English, Mary Lou Clerf Aug 1971

Innovative Instructional Materials For Eighth Grade English, Mary Lou Clerf

All Master's Theses

This study was undertaken for the purpose of reviewing current literature and developing new instructional materials suitable for classroom use by teachers of eighth grade English.


A Study Of Health Misconceptions Among Elementary And Secondary Teachers, Robert Clyde Davidson Aug 1971

A Study Of Health Misconceptions Among Elementary And Secondary Teachers, Robert Clyde Davidson

All Master's Theses

During the past few years a limited number of studies have been completed related to health misconceptions. Some have investigated health and safety misconceptions, while others have reported various testing procedures. Studies involving all populations {general public, elementary, secondary, and college students) have pointed out existing inadequacies in health knowledge and the prevalence of health misconceptions. As a result, the writer felt the need to investigate and measure the prevalence of health misconceptions among teachers.


A Survey Evaluation Of The 1970/71 Activities Of The Consortium Of Washington Education Centers, David Lloyd Kandel Aug 1971

A Survey Evaluation Of The 1970/71 Activities Of The Consortium Of Washington Education Centers, David Lloyd Kandel

All Master's Theses

The Consortium of Washington Education Centers conducts a planning retreat at the conclusion of each academic school year. At this time, the Consortium coordinators and superintendents, as well as the Consortium staff, meet to determine the activities and strategies for the coming year. The decision-making process used at the retreat needs data to facilitate the planning of future activities. The design of the evaluation study was intended to be used in this decision-making process. This study was intended to answer three major questions concerning the 1970/71 activities of the Consortium as viewed by the coordinators and superintendents of member districts: …


A Comparative Investigation Of Understanding Of Ecological Content Between Eighth And Tenth Grade Pupils, David Lee Herbenson Jul 1971

A Comparative Investigation Of Understanding Of Ecological Content Between Eighth And Tenth Grade Pupils, David Lee Herbenson

All Master's Theses

The study had two major purposes. One purpose was to determine if Covington Junior High School eighth grade pupils understood the basic ecological ideas and facts presented to them in a teacher-designed one semester course entitled Environmental Concepts Orientation (ECO). The second purpose was to find out the degree of competence attained by the eighth grade pupils as compared to tenth grade pupils taking a one year ecologically oriented course in the nationally developed Green Version BSCS biology series at Camas, Washington.


The Effect Of Time-Threat On An Arithmetic Test Situation, Russell Dean Flaskerud Jul 1971

The Effect Of Time-Threat On An Arithmetic Test Situation, Russell Dean Flaskerud

All Master's Theses

There has been a difference of opinion regarding whether or not timing tests of ability is advantageous or hinders performance. Much experimentation has been done in the area of intelligence testing, but little has been done on actual classroom-type testing. The results of timing intelligence tests have been varied with little agreement among the studies. The purpose of this study was (1) to test the effect of time-threat on the performance of eighty-two sixth grade students taking an arithmetic test, and (2) to investigate the effect of time-threat on students of different arithmetic abilities.


Clarification Of Photographic Training Needed By The Instructional Media Specialist, William Carl Holland Jul 1971

Clarification Of Photographic Training Needed By The Instructional Media Specialist, William Carl Holland

All Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine what photographic training is needed by the instructional media specialist in high schools of the State of Washington. In order to make such determination, both the need and the photographic training had to be clarified. This investigation attempted to make such clarifications by (1) specifying school personnel who provide photographic services to high schools in the State of Washington; (2) specifying the source, extent and adequacy of training of such personnel in photography; (3) specifying present utilization of photography by high schools in the State of Washington; and (4) ascertaining what the …