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1998

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

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Institution
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Articles 1 - 30 of 55

Full-Text Articles in Education

Educating Young Children With Autism: A Conflict Over Methodologies , Lorna Marsh Volmer Jan 1998

Educating Young Children With Autism: A Conflict Over Methodologies , Lorna Marsh Volmer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

There currently is controversy on how best to educate children with autism that focuses on preeminent leaders in the field of autism, their disparate views, and the requirement that all children with disabilities be provided with a free and appropriate public education (FAPE). The controversy has affected large numbers of children with autism, their families, and the school districts charged with educating them. Information detailing the elements of several nationally significant programs has been provided, including a review of the research supporting each program's efficacy. Two studies were initiated to explore the educational services provided to children with autism ...


Historic Medical Perspectives Of Corseting And Two Physiologic Studies With Reenactors , Colleen Ruby Gau Jan 1998

Historic Medical Perspectives Of Corseting And Two Physiologic Studies With Reenactors , Colleen Ruby Gau

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Safety of historic reenactors was the primary reason for this research. No studies of corseted subjects have been done since the late nineteenth century. Clinical observations about the effects of corsets were numerous in the medical literature; but dress reform efforts by doctors were not effective in changing fashion. Arguments by Dress Reformers did not concentrate on the medical aspects of corseting;Two historic physiologic studies were reproduced using modern equipment. Sixteen subjects took part in lung capacity and comfort assessments, and eight of the subjects had torso pressures measured. When tight-laced three inches less than their natural waist measurement ...


Efficacy Of Institutional Interventions On The Attainment Profile Of African-Americans At A Regional Predominately White Institution: Questions Of Will, Effort, Competence And Responsibility , Robert Andre Broadus Jan 1998

Efficacy Of Institutional Interventions On The Attainment Profile Of African-Americans At A Regional Predominately White Institution: Questions Of Will, Effort, Competence And Responsibility , Robert Andre Broadus

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The nature of access to higher education at predominately white institutions for African-Americans has been focused largely on the preparation of the student. Little attention has been placed on the quality of the interaction of the student with standardized institutional practices and procedure. The purpose of this study is to examine the differences obtained by African-Americans, when the institution adjusts practices and procedures to be inclusive of the academic, social and environmental characteristics versus the creation of specialized interventions;African-American students attending a Midwestern regional comprehensive university between 1985-1990 are the bases of the study. Each entry class was introduced ...


Perceptions Regarding Motivation To Participate In Educational Programs, Awoke Awoke Jan 1998

Perceptions Regarding Motivation To Participate In Educational Programs, Awoke Awoke

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/39707755


A Qualitative Study Of Selected Educational Issues In Nine Hospital-Related Colleges In The United States , Deanne Marie Remer Jan 1998

A Qualitative Study Of Selected Educational Issues In Nine Hospital-Related Colleges In The United States , Deanne Marie Remer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate the role of hospital-related allied health colleges in higher education; how changes in the nation's health care system have impacted these colleges; and the leadership characteristics of allied health college presidents. Based on the propositions that health care education and the preparation of a health care workforce are integral parts of our society's health care system, theories of environmental change and organizational development are presented as a theoretical foundation for this study. Four research questions were identified as the focus of exploration for this research study: (1) What impact ...


A Comparison Of Levels Of Bias In Environmental And Food Safety Articles : Agricultural Versus News Periodicals, Barbara Kathryn Whitaker Jan 1998

A Comparison Of Levels Of Bias In Environmental And Food Safety Articles : Agricultural Versus News Periodicals, Barbara Kathryn Whitaker

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/39447645


Secrets Of The Self: The Reconceptualization Of Gender-Role Identity In Contemporary Latter-Day Saint Women , Kelli Jo Kerry Moran Jan 1998

Secrets Of The Self: The Reconceptualization Of Gender-Role Identity In Contemporary Latter-Day Saint Women , Kelli Jo Kerry Moran

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation focuses on the resolution of gender role conflict in female members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS). Contemporary women are faced with contradictory pressures as they strive to develop gender-role identity. As a highly patriarchal religion, cultural pressures within the LDS church increase the paradox surrounding gender roles as women are encouraged to follow traditional gender role patterns. Women with ambitions and talents that do not fall within traditional role expectations are challenged to develop independent conceptions of their gender-role identity. Paradox in gender-roles and gender-role identity results in fragmenting of the self as ...


Perceived Benefits Of Selected Experiential Learning Activities And Quality Of Instructional Techniques In A College Of Agriculture Capstone Course , Randall James Andreasen Jan 1998

Perceived Benefits Of Selected Experiential Learning Activities And Quality Of Instructional Techniques In A College Of Agriculture Capstone Course , Randall James Andreasen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine the perceptions of course completers in a college of agriculture capstone course regarding the benefits of selected experiential learning activities and instructional techniques. Further, this study sought to determine the quality of the learning activities and instructional techniques employed in capstone course and to develop a model for the integration of these experiential learning activities into capstone courses;This study was conducted using a descriptive survey design. A four part questionnaire was developed and sent to 214 capstone course completers of AgEdS 450, Farm Management and Operation, Iowa State University. This sample ...


Natural Language And Mixed Modality Task Presentations In The Human-Computer Interaction Using Programmable Logic Controllers , John Robert Wright Jr. Jan 1998

Natural Language And Mixed Modality Task Presentations In The Human-Computer Interaction Using Programmable Logic Controllers , John Robert Wright Jr.

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation focuses on the human-computer interaction elements of task presentation and task structure in the programming of Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs). Task presentation methods that were explored included a natural language (GE Fanuc's State Logic), and a mixed modality language (GE Fanuc's Logicmaster Relay Ladder Logic). Task Structure elements utilized in this study were linear procedural tasks and conditional branching tasks;A two-level factorial analysis of covariance determined that task presentation was a significant contributor to programming development times. Task structure and the interaction between task presentation and task structure did not yield significant p-values at the ...


The C-Test: Usefulness For Measuring Written Language Ability Of Non-Native Speakers Of English In High School, Jongsook Park Jan 1998

The C-Test: Usefulness For Measuring Written Language Ability Of Non-Native Speakers Of English In High School, Jongsook Park

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study is to evaluate whether the C-test is useful as a test measuring non-native speakers' ability of written language to help teachers and decision-makers select and place limited English proficient students for English as a Second Language (ESL) instruction in high schools in Iowa. The overall usefulness of the C-test is evaluated by examining individual qualities of test usefulness, or six qualities, in current testing theories: reliability, construct validity, authenticity, interactiveness, impact, and practicality. Chapter 1 of this study reports the background: a need for a test measuring non-native speakers' ability of written language to improve ...


Florida Social Studies Leaders' Perceptions Regarding An Afrocentric Curriculum, Vicki Kaplan Banks Jan 1998

Florida Social Studies Leaders' Perceptions Regarding An Afrocentric Curriculum, Vicki Kaplan Banks

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research study was to gain insight into the perceptions Florida's leaders have regarding the inclusion of an Afrocentric curriculum. The leaders chosen for this study were the Florida Council for the Social Studies Board and the Association of Social Studies Supervisors. These leaders were sent a questionnaire that contained 57 statements about social studies curriculum content in a Likert scale format. The results of the survey were reported by using mean scores and frequency distributions. The Likert survey statements examined respondents' viewpoints with regard to diversity, Afrocentrism, and Eurocentrism. The results of the survey were ...


Diffusion Of A Telecommunication And Computing Innovation At Waldorf College , Daniel Herbert Hanson Jan 1998

Diffusion Of A Telecommunication And Computing Innovation At Waldorf College , Daniel Herbert Hanson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purpose of this study was to determine the relationships, and how they might change over time, between student perceptions of institutional innovativeness, individual innovativeness and computer anxiety and the diffusion of laptop computers and network access use among students in a small two-year college with a focus on the liberal arts. A second purpose of this study was to provide an investigation and a description of the easily available computer and network learning environment infused at the college;Participants in the study were two groups of Waldorf students. Data were gathered from one group of 216 students after ...


Interdisciplinary Health Professions Education: An Exploration Of Two Programs , Ann M. Valentine Jan 1998

Interdisciplinary Health Professions Education: An Exploration Of Two Programs , Ann M. Valentine

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In response to economic and demographic forces, health care delivery is changing. These powerful dynamics of change require practitioners from all disciplines to be prepared to work in interdisciplinary teams, to competently access health and information technologies, and to understand the multiple functions required for adequate health care provision (Pew Health Professions Commission, 1995). Therefore, we have reached a juncture at which a careful study of health professions education is essential. This project is an exploratory study of two programs which have been instituted to address the nation's changing health professions workforce, needs. The study is intended to establish ...


Perceptions Of Secondary School Agriculture Teachers In The North Central Region Of The U.S. Regarding Sustainable Agriculture: Implications To Curriculum Development In Agricultural Education, Kehinde Aderemi Ajaiyeoba Agbaje Jan 1998

Perceptions Of Secondary School Agriculture Teachers In The North Central Region Of The U.S. Regarding Sustainable Agriculture: Implications To Curriculum Development In Agricultural Education, Kehinde Aderemi Ajaiyeoba Agbaje

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purpose of this study was to determine the perceptions of secondary school agriculture teachers in the North Central Region of the US regarding sustainable agriculture, the extent to which they teach the subject in their curriculum, and the use, credibility, and benefits of selected information sources. A secondary purpose was to develop a model to guide the integration of sustainable agriculture subject matter into the curriculum. Overall, the teachers had positive perceptions and a basic understanding of sustainable agriculture practices. Teachers in this study expressed the desire to incorporate more of the subject into their curriculum if their ...


The Effects Of Computer Simulation Models On Middle School Students' Understanding Of The Anatomy And Morphology Of The Frog , Joseph Paul Akpan Jan 1998

The Effects Of Computer Simulation Models On Middle School Students' Understanding Of The Anatomy And Morphology Of The Frog , Joseph Paul Akpan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Science teachers, school administrators, educators, and the scientific community are faced with ethical controversies over animal dissection in school biology classrooms. Computer simulation has been proposed as a way of dealing with this issue. One intriguing tentative finding in previous research was that use of an interactive videodisc dissection facilitated performance on a subsequent actual dissection. This study was designed to replicate and extend that finding to computer-based dissection. The purpose of this study was twofold: (1) to examine the effectiveness of a computer simulation model of frog dissection in improving students' actual dissection performance and learning of frog anatomy ...


Perceptions Of Agricultural Education Programs By Iowa Secondary School Principals, Neasa Kalme Jan 1998

Perceptions Of Agricultural Education Programs By Iowa Secondary School Principals, Neasa Kalme

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/39357592


The Feasibility Of Charter Schools In The United States: A National Study , Ann Ronette Curphey Jan 1998

The Feasibility Of Charter Schools In The United States: A National Study , Ann Ronette Curphey

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this investigation was to do a feasibility study of charter schools in the United States. The states of Arizona, California, Minnesota, and New Mexico were the basis of the research. Most charter schools are free from laws and regulations governing public schools. However, charter schools are accountable for results affecting student achievement. Usually, a charter school's performance is reviewed three to five years after starting. If student achievement is good and results are successful, the charter school remains;Six research questions were answered as a result of the study. (1) What really prompted the charter school ...


Functional Behavioral Assessment: An Evaluation Of Continuing Education Variables Related To Support Staff Use In School Settings , Susan Marie Ward Jan 1998

Functional Behavioral Assessment: An Evaluation Of Continuing Education Variables Related To Support Staff Use In School Settings , Susan Marie Ward

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

There is an increasing need to address behavioral issues in the public schools. School psychologists and other support staff frequently consult with teachers and parents when students exhibit a variety of academic or behavioral problems, yet children with severe emotional disturbance (SED) or behavior disorders (BD) are often considered to present some of the most difficult cases (Shapiro, 1991). School districts are facing growing expectations to include all students; however many support staff do not have the training or resources to implement interventions that are effective for students with histories of aggression, self injury and property destruction (O'Neill, William ...


Prediction Of And Differences In Computer Use: Universal Adoption Of Notebook Computers At Three Undergraduate Institutions , Therese Anderson Corwin Jan 1998

Prediction Of And Differences In Computer Use: Universal Adoption Of Notebook Computers At Three Undergraduate Institutions , Therese Anderson Corwin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The universal availability of computers through the adoption of notebook computers for faculty by the University is an organizational answer to the adoption of computer technology by faculty. The researcher studied solutions to this problem through a survey of faculty at three undergraduate institutions that adopted notebook computers for their faculty and students;Participants completed a Computer Technology in Teaching (CTIT) questionnaire composed of the above measures as well as demographic and computer-related questions. Faculty received the questionnaire prior to the adoption of notebook computers on three undergraduate campuses. The faculty received the same questionnaire one year later. During the ...


A Qualitative Study Of The Student Culture In A Selected Comprehensive High School In The United States , Charles Milton Green Jan 1998

A Qualitative Study Of The Student Culture In A Selected Comprehensive High School In The United States , Charles Milton Green

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Schools today, especially large comprehensive high schools, are besieged with studies, critiques, and proposals for reform. Many critics have exposed factors that contribute to putting our nation at risk because of its schools. Despite reports targeted on the weaknesses of high school education, constructive attempts are being made to study root causes and implement changes that work to improve and make lasting changes in the schools. As early as 1945, a body of research has focused on improving high schools by fully understanding student culture and promoting ideas and structures which facilitate improvements in student culture. It is believed that ...


An Analysis Of Public School Financial Allocation Policy Alternatives Supported By Selected Education Groups In Iowa , James Richard Scharff Jan 1998

An Analysis Of Public School Financial Allocation Policy Alternatives Supported By Selected Education Groups In Iowa , James Richard Scharff

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this quantitative study was to provide information and assistance to Iowa policy-makers as the July 2001 sunset date approaches for expiration of the current public school funding Law; This study addressed the support for preserving and continuing the current funding policies, or pursuing changes in those policies. Board of education members, superintendents, teachers, and business managers were the subjects of the study (n = 289) as these individuals are charged with the efficient delivery of public education in Iowa;A seven member panel of experts in Iowa school finance developed the survey as an appropriate established instrument was ...


Words And Spaces: A Story Of An American Indian In The Academy , Smokey Mckinney Jan 1998

Words And Spaces: A Story Of An American Indian In The Academy , Smokey Mckinney

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A new social climate in American society is allowing more American Indians to pursue higher education, and an increase is being seen in the number of Indians attaining graduate degrees and participating in the academy as professors and researchers and authors. But distinct differences between approaches taken by the European-based academy and ways of thinking shared by many American Indian peoples create unique challenges for the Indian person who seeks to be an academic. This dissertation looks into the issues facing the Indian Academic, and argues that the Indian person must pursue multiple avenues of thought and argument to find ...


Making Incongruent Requests: Discourse Analysis Of Conversations Between American And Chinese Speakers Of English In International Student Advising Sessions, Wenqin Shen Jan 1998

Making Incongruent Requests: Discourse Analysis Of Conversations Between American And Chinese Speakers Of English In International Student Advising Sessions, Wenqin Shen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Comparison Of Research Findings Obtained Through Focus Group Sessions With Those Acquired Through Surveys , Paul Thomas Hillyer Jan 1998

A Comparison Of Research Findings Obtained Through Focus Group Sessions With Those Acquired Through Surveys , Paul Thomas Hillyer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study sought to answer the questions: (1) Are there significant differences in the answers gained through focus group sessions and answers gained from surveying the larger population from which the focus group participants were taken? (2) Can focus group findings be generalized to the larger population?;To answer these questions focus group sessions were conducted which asked participants to give their opinions on a teacher evaluation plan that was being piloted in the Mesa, Arizona, public schools. Each of four groups was asked ten questions related to various components of the proposed evaluation model. After each focus group session ...


Day Treatment: Development Of A Model Program And Determination Of Its Effects On 13-21 Year Olds , Thomas Joseph Gehlsen Jan 1998

Day Treatment: Development Of A Model Program And Determination Of Its Effects On 13-21 Year Olds , Thomas Joseph Gehlsen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

For decades there has been a need in communities to provide a collaborative series of services to the emotionally and behaviorally disordered adolescent. These services need to be provided in a lesser restrictive environment other than a residential setting but more restrictive that a mainstream educational setting. In this completed study, the purpose was to describe an ecological treatment program for Behavior Disorder/Severely Emotionally Disturbed adolescents. The question, "How did the development of this type of treatment program come about and how did the effects of the program make the coordinated efforts of various local agencies a state and ...


Health Problems Associated With Women's Fashionable Shoes, 1870-1930, Vicki Lynn Dirksen Jan 1998

Health Problems Associated With Women's Fashionable Shoes, 1870-1930, Vicki Lynn Dirksen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/40262266


Perceptions Regarding Sustainable Agricultural Practices Associated With Weed Management: Implications To Agricultural Extension Education , Dido Guyo Kotile Jan 1998

Perceptions Regarding Sustainable Agricultural Practices Associated With Weed Management: Implications To Agricultural Extension Education , Dido Guyo Kotile

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The main purpose of this study was to determine and analyze farmers' perceptions regarding the adoption of selected sustainable agriculture practices specifically associated with weed control in Iowa. A secondary purpose was to identify the implications to agricultural extension education;The study revealed that farmers use a combination of various weed control methods including chemical control, cultivation, soil fertility management, crop rotation, and crop diversification. Farmers in this study indicated that they were supportive of educational program focused on sustainable agricultural practices. The challenge that faces extension educators is to design educational programs that fit the needs of farmers;Farmers ...


Faculty Computer Self-Efficacy And Integration Of Electronic Communication In Teaching College Courses , Leah Chepngéno Keino Kagima Jan 1998

Faculty Computer Self-Efficacy And Integration Of Electronic Communication In Teaching College Courses , Leah Chepngéno Keino Kagima

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As technological innovations continue to change and expand, it becomes increasingly necessary to support faculty in adopting innovations to keep up with the educational demands of the 21st century such as the changing learning environments, distance education, computer based course management, and delivery technologies. Recent studies have indicated that successful implementation of educational technologies depends largely on educators who guide the daily experiences of learners. Understanding more about faculty confidence and skills for computer technology use can provide insights for intervention strategies in faculty development efforts. To prepare for this intervention, it is important to identify the extent to which ...


Student Perceptions Of The English For Native Speakers Of Other Languages (Ensol) Program At Iowa State University, Marianne Keller Van Natta Jan 1998

Student Perceptions Of The English For Native Speakers Of Other Languages (Ensol) Program At Iowa State University, Marianne Keller Van Natta

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Block Scheduling On The Implementation Of The Nctm Standards, Angela Therese Pierce Jan 1998

The Effects Of Block Scheduling On The Implementation Of The Nctm Standards, Angela Therese Pierce

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/40056286