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Full-Text Articles in Education

Pregnant And Parenting Teens' Attitudes Toward Pregnancy And Motherhood And Their Perceptions Of Social Support, Cindy Ngoc Vo Jan 2008

Pregnant And Parenting Teens' Attitudes Toward Pregnancy And Motherhood And Their Perceptions Of Social Support, Cindy Ngoc Vo

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the social support network of pregnant (n=10) and parenting (n=22) teens recruited through local agencies. The support network was viewed both as support and as an agent of stress to adolescents. The pregnant and parenting teens' perceptions of motherhood and their attitudes toward being a parent were also studied. The teens had a variety of support types and support sources, but the two groups did not differ in those types and sources. They preferred support from boyfriend and mother over other sources and both groups had similar expectations and beliefs about motherhood and social support ...


Families, Motivation, And Reading: Pre-Adolescent Students And Their Reading Motivation And Family Reading Habits, Jill L. Janes Jan 2008

Families, Motivation, And Reading: Pre-Adolescent Students And Their Reading Motivation And Family Reading Habits, Jill L. Janes

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Research indicates that reading motivation declines as elementary students grow older. This reading motivation is multi-faceted with a variety of influences. Additional research indicates that when families are involved with students' reading as well as with school activities, students can reap positive academic benefits. Involving families in reading, however, declines as students progress to the upper elementary and pre-adolescent years. There is a lack of research concerning family involvement in reading with pre-adolescent students, particularly in regard to the effect of family involvement on reading motivation.;The purpose of this study was to determine the reading motivation and family reading ...


The Relationship Of Decision-Making And Division Of Household Labor To Relationship Satisfaction, Tara Danielle Dekkers Jan 2007

The Relationship Of Decision-Making And Division Of Household Labor To Relationship Satisfaction, Tara Danielle Dekkers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The influence of the division of household labor and decision making on relationship satisfaction was examined. Equality in income and education between partners was also taken into consideration. Participants of this study consisted of 63 couples recruited from a community in the Midwest. The study used the Family Responsibility Index to measure the division of household labor, the Marital Decision Making Scale to measure decision-making, a subscale of the Dyadic Adjustment Scale to measure relationship satisfaction. The hypotheses were tested using correlations and regressions. Overall results suggest that equality in the division of household labor was found to have significant ...


Parent-Child Communication: Influences Of Maternal Sexual Experiences As A Teenager On The Occurrence Of Sexuality Communication With Their Adolescent, Crystal Marie Luckeroth Jan 2007

Parent-Child Communication: Influences Of Maternal Sexual Experiences As A Teenager On The Occurrence Of Sexuality Communication With Their Adolescent, Crystal Marie Luckeroth

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated factors that influence parent-child communication on sexual topics and sought to determine if maternal teenage sexual experiences influence mothers' discussions with their adolescent children. Randomly selected mothers of children ages 10-14 years were mailed questionnaires. Using a list of sexual topics, respondents reported the frequency of discussions with their adolescent and completed a checklist of their own teenage sexual experiences. Correlational research design was used to rank and list sexual topics by frequency. Although a majority of the respondents reported that their own teenage sexual experiences influenced the discussions they had with their adolescents, no statistically significant ...


Family Functioning And Adolescent Delinquency In Malaysia , Fauziah Hanim Abdul Jalal Jan 2005

Family Functioning And Adolescent Delinquency In Malaysia , Fauziah Hanim Abdul Jalal

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Malaysia is confronting a problem of increased adolescent delinquency. Despite these situations, there is very little research on adolescent delinquency. Some researchers have suggested that family functioning dimensions may become risk factors to the development of risky behaviors. The primary aim of this study is to examine perceived family functioning dimensions (problem solving, affective involvement, affective response, roles, communication, behavior control, general functioning, family time, religious belief, and religious practice) and their effect on the occurrence of adolescent delinquency. In addition, this study also investigates the effect of gender, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status on total delinquency scores of this group ...


What Is Make-Believe Play?: Preschool Teachers' Perspectives , Joanna Jennifer Cemore Jan 2005

What Is Make-Believe Play?: Preschool Teachers' Perspectives , Joanna Jennifer Cemore

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to explore preschool teachers' understanding of make-believe play in order to aid understanding and enhance further use of teachers as informants in research on children's play. Participants included preschool teachers (n = 10) and faculty members ( n = 3) who teach early childhood educators. Their descriptions of play and make-believe play were examined through qualitative research methods, including individual interviews. In-depth analysis of the emergent themes used to describe play and make-believe play were conducted. Preschool teachers defined make-believe play as representational play that is intrinsically motivated. This report includes examination of definitions, comparisons between ...


Effects Of Boundary Regulation On Children's Academic Performance: A Systems Perspective Of Family Functioning , Jane Rose Muthoni Njue Jan 2005

Effects Of Boundary Regulation On Children's Academic Performance: A Systems Perspective Of Family Functioning , Jane Rose Muthoni Njue

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Systems theory was used to link family functioning in the task of boundary regulation to adolescents' academic performance. Boundary regulation, a family task defined in terms of proximity and generation hierarchy, is believed to be the most critical to family functioning because it sets a precondition for the execution of other family tasks. Data from Wave II of the National Survey of Families and Household (NSFH) were used to identify family interaction patterns that reflect proximity and generation hierarchy aspects of boundary regulation, utilizing both parent and adolescent responses. Proximity was measured by items representing physical and emotional closeness of ...


The Influence Of Individual Characteristics And Parenting Behaviors On Adolescent Academic Performance , Keren M. Zuniga Jan 2004

The Influence Of Individual Characteristics And Parenting Behaviors On Adolescent Academic Performance , Keren M. Zuniga

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to discover the effects of adolescent autonomy, parental academic involvement and parental academic expectations as they link gender, age, ethnicity, and immigrant generation to adolescent academic performance. A selected sample from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health data set (Add Health) was used to examine these relationships specifically for Latino/as with comparisons drawn to White, African American, and Asian adolescents. Special emphasis was also placed on gender differences for each ethnic/racial group. The outcome variable of adolescent academic performance was assessed using the adolescent's reported grade point average (GPA). The ...


The Middle-Class African American Home: Its Objects And Their Meanings , Carol Lynnette Hall Jan 2004

The Middle-Class African American Home: Its Objects And Their Meanings , Carol Lynnette Hall

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore the sense of self middle-class African American families convey in their homes, how they express themselves and construct their identities through objects in their homes, including textile-related objects, and the meanings these objects hold for them. This phenomenon was explored through a constructivist, interpretive paradigm approach.;Data was collected from nine married couples in the form of long interviews that were audiotaped, videotapes and photographs of their homes and objects within them. The data were interpreted using case study and grounded theory approaches that allowed the researcher to understand the meanings of ...


Student Loan Debt: Insight Into Economic Well-Being Issues , Ann M. Perkins Jan 2003

Student Loan Debt: Insight Into Economic Well-Being Issues , Ann M. Perkins

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to investigate economic well-being issues related to student loan debt. The sample used for this study was extracted from the Baccalaureate and Beyond survey. The focus of the study is the extent to which repayment of student loan debt is a financial hardship for graduates. Two debt-to-income ratios of (1) total monthly debt payments over total monthly household income and (2) total educational debt payments over total monthly household income are used as outcome variables. How students pay for a higher education is a critical component of family and public policy. The purpose is ...


How Dual-Earner Adoptive Couples Distribute Family Labor Responsibilities In Special-Needs Adoptive Placements , Darren Anthony Wozny Jan 2002

How Dual-Earner Adoptive Couples Distribute Family Labor Responsibilities In Special-Needs Adoptive Placements , Darren Anthony Wozny

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Ten dual-earner adoptive couples within the initial 18 months of their special-needs adoptive placement were interviewed regarding how they organize their family and work lives to provide consistent care for their adoptive child. The analysis identified six major content domains: (a) non-adoption-specific family challenges; (b) adoption-specific family challenges; (c) extent of social support for adoptive couples; (d) experiences that helped in the adoption adjustment; (e) sharing family responsibilities; (f) adoptive parents' management of their work contexts. The latter two domains are most closely related to the primary research question. In terms of sharing family responsibilities, several themes were identified: (a ...


Adding The Role Of Student Nurse: Perspectives From Women With Multiple Roles , Carol J. Maxwell Jan 2002

Adding The Role Of Student Nurse: Perspectives From Women With Multiple Roles , Carol J. Maxwell

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Nursing students enter the community college setting with multiple and different roles, and continue to fulfill the responsibilities associated with those roles. This descriptive study attempted to assess the nursing students' understanding of their roles, and the barriers and resources they encountered as they fulfilled their roles or delegated the responsibilities associated with those roles to family and friends. Interviews were conducted with six community college nursing students filling the roles of parent, partner, worker, and student. Roles are discussed as well as role conflict and barriers to role fulfillment, and responsibility delegation is explored. In addition, the importance of ...


Storied Learning From The Personal And Professional Lives Of Leaders: Narrative Analyses Of Rhythm Over Balance, And Adult Development And Transition , Pamela Jones Edwards Jan 2001

Storied Learning From The Personal And Professional Lives Of Leaders: Narrative Analyses Of Rhythm Over Balance, And Adult Development And Transition , Pamela Jones Edwards

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research study is about using the power of stories, specifically life history and narrative research approaches, to understand how three high level organizational leaders, or elites, experience their own development over time. Readers who will likely find this research study of value will be those studying life history and narrative approaches to understanding the meaning of lives, adult education and adult development scholars and practitioners interested in narrative as a method of adult development, and readers interested in understanding leaders' lives.;A life history of each of the three elites was collected. The life story section of this research ...


The Relationship Between Parental Educational Level And Academic Success Of College Freshmen , Yasan Gooding Jan 2001

The Relationship Between Parental Educational Level And Academic Success Of College Freshmen , Yasan Gooding

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study determined the difference in the level of academic potential/achievement across five populations of freshmen during an academic school year at Iowa State University. It examined students whose parents' highest education was: (1) high school diploma, (2) one or two years of college, (3) two-year associate or technical degree, (4) four-year degree, and (5) graduate or professional degree. Other factors that might impinge on student academic achievement are: poverty, socioeconomic status, and family structure/or marital status. The study investigated whether students whose parents attained higher levels of education beyond the high school diploma were more successful academically ...


The Journey Continues: Life Transitions And Adult Learning Among The Older Women In A Continuing Care Retirement Community , Ya-Fen Lo Jan 2000

The Journey Continues: Life Transitions And Adult Learning Among The Older Women In A Continuing Care Retirement Community , Ya-Fen Lo

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate whether adult learning was involved in the adaptation process among elderly women who recently moved to a continuing care retirement community (CCRC);Past studies on retirement living focused on the social aspects of residential life after housing changes had been made. Little was known about the effect of residents' past life experiences on the process of adapting to a new living environment. The aspects of adult learning and development were also left unexplored in previous research regarding older adults' experiences of residential change. To investigate the life-long process of change and ...


Maternal Depression Symptomology, Stress, And Behavioral Outcomes In Children: A One Year Longitudinal Study , Tamara Sue Hechtner Jan 2000

Maternal Depression Symptomology, Stress, And Behavioral Outcomes In Children: A One Year Longitudinal Study , Tamara Sue Hechtner

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the longitudinal effects of maternal depression and stress on children's teacher-rated social skills (i.e., assertion, cooperation, and self-control) and playground observed behaviors (i.e., positive, negative, and nonsocial) in a community setting with low-income families. The current study consisted of 122 mothers and their kindergarten and/or first grade child who participated in a larger longitudinal study examining the transition of Head Start students into elementary school. Families were selected from the transition study if their incomes were less than or equal to 200% of the poverty threshold in ...


Parent Feedback To Teachers And Its Association To Student Feedback: Does Johnny Tell Mommy? , Alicia Ruth Cantarella Jan 2000

Parent Feedback To Teachers And Its Association To Student Feedback: Does Johnny Tell Mommy? , Alicia Ruth Cantarella

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to provide a discriminating, reliable, and valid method for parents to give teachers feedback. Further, this study examined how student feedback to teachers is similar and dissimilar to parent feedback. The survey was developed with assistance from a judgment panel and stakeholders committee;The opportunity sample consisted of two school systems; one in the Southwestern United States and the other located in the Northeast. Customized scan forms were created for Country Green; Knottown maintained local control electing to use general purpose bubble sheets;The K--12 parent survey was subdivided into realms (communication, classroom ...


Developing, Implementing, And Testing A Parent Feedback Instrument For Public School Boards And Employees , Doyle Francis Scott Jan 1999

Developing, Implementing, And Testing A Parent Feedback Instrument For Public School Boards And Employees , Doyle Francis Scott

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to identify, implement, and test a parent feedback questionnaire to be used to gain information from parents about the operation of the board of education, the district administration, the programs, policies, and procedures of individual school buildings, the school administration of individual school buildings, the teachers and professional staff of individual school buildings, and the support staffs of individual school buildings. The questionnaire was developed with assistance from a judgment panel;The opportunity sample consisted of two school systems located in the northeastern United States. Custom tailored scanforms were prepared for each district ...


Day Treatment: Development Of A Model Program And Determination Of Its Effects On 13-21 Year Olds , Thomas Joseph Gehlsen Jan 1998

Day Treatment: Development Of A Model Program And Determination Of Its Effects On 13-21 Year Olds , Thomas Joseph Gehlsen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

For decades there has been a need in communities to provide a collaborative series of services to the emotionally and behaviorally disordered adolescent. These services need to be provided in a lesser restrictive environment other than a residential setting but more restrictive that a mainstream educational setting. In this completed study, the purpose was to describe an ecological treatment program for Behavior Disorder/Severely Emotionally Disturbed adolescents. The question, "How did the development of this type of treatment program come about and how did the effects of the program make the coordinated efforts of various local agencies a state and ...


Ways Of Knowing And Caring For Older Adults: A Qualitative Study Of Baccalaureate Nursing Students' Perceptions , Debra Diane Braun Franzen Jan 1998

Ways Of Knowing And Caring For Older Adults: A Qualitative Study Of Baccalaureate Nursing Students' Perceptions , Debra Diane Braun Franzen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The growing population of older adults presents many challenges to nursing education. Curriculum design must attend to means that support students in a comprehensive approach to the often complex care that older adults require. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore how baccalaureate nursing students come to know and understand care for older adults, and apply this student perspective to curriculum and practice issues related to gerontology nursing;Eight recent graduates of a baccalaureate nursing program at a midwestern, private, liberal arts college were individually interviewed at two separate meetings. In addition, a document review was conducted of ...


Parents And Kindergartners: Money And Number, Practices, Concepts And Skills , Jyh-Tsorng Jong Jan 1997

Parents And Kindergartners: Money And Number, Practices, Concepts And Skills , Jyh-Tsorng Jong

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine an exploratory model to explain the interactive relationships among parents' number and monetary practices, and their kindergartners' number concepts, monetary concepts, and monetary skills. The 207 kindergartners participated in three number and monetary tasks during clinical interviews. Each child's father or mother completed two kinds of home practices questionnaires. By using path analysis through LISREL 8.12, the results showed that kindergartners' use of money was significantly influenced by their number concepts (i.e., cardinality) and knowledge of coins (i.e., knowing the coin names and coin values). Kindergartners' cardinality benefited ...


Maternal Factors Affecting Academic Achievement Of Latino Adolescents , Marisa Rivera Jan 1997

Maternal Factors Affecting Academic Achievement Of Latino Adolescents , Marisa Rivera

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Latinos are the fastest growing segment of the population in the United States. Consequently, that growth will have a dramatic effect on this country.. The high number of Latino youth that drop out of school is exceedingly critical in light of the fact that by the turn of the century less than 14 percent of jobs will require less than a high school diploma. There is divergence among researchers as to the cause of the high drop out rates. Some attribute it directly to socioeconomic factors while others argue that those factors should be viewed as distal influences and that ...


Textile Handcraft Guilds: A Conduit For Identity, Friendships, And Successful Aging , Sherryl A. Schofield-Tomschin Jan 1997

Textile Handcraft Guilds: A Conduit For Identity, Friendships, And Successful Aging , Sherryl A. Schofield-Tomschin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore inductively older women's involvement in textile handcraft guilds as a conduit for interactions among textiles and their producers, successful aging, and friendships. Thirty women, representing 15 textile handcraft guilds and 8 different textile crafts, were interviewed throughout the state of Iowa. All informants were actively engaged in craft production and a guild. Content analysis revealed two superordinate themes, Craft as "I" and Guild as "We." From these themes emerged a grounded theory of guild membership. Within the Craft as "I" theme three minor themes surfaced: (a) Process, (b) Product, and (c ...


The Impact Of Enhancing A Behavioral Program For Children With Severe Behavioral Disorders By Promoting Parents' Coherent Life Story , Susan Kathryn Schiltz-Day Jan 1996

The Impact Of Enhancing A Behavioral Program For Children With Severe Behavioral Disorders By Promoting Parents' Coherent Life Story , Susan Kathryn Schiltz-Day

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of enhancing an already existing day treatment program for youth with severe behavior disorders. The intervention consisted of a short-term parent therapy group which operationalized elements of attachment theory and narrative therapy and then compared this to the program's regular treatment. This group focused on assisting parents (1) to review their past for a coherent story, (2) to identify and utilize a parenting strength, and (3) to voice their hopes and fears to their child with an emphasis on the child's potential. The effectiveness of this pilot group ...


The Influence Of Parent Gender On Division Of Work In Families Of Children With Disabilities , Lynn Terri Martin Jan 1996

The Influence Of Parent Gender On Division Of Work In Families Of Children With Disabilities , Lynn Terri Martin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This is a qualitative study which examined the influence of parent gender on division of work in families of children with disabilities. Thirty-three interviews were completed with mothers and fathers from ten families over a four year period. The study used a family systems framework to examine child and family characteristics, family perceptions, family interactions, and social roles and family work. Data was obtained through in-depth interviews and family stories and cross-cutting themes were identified and discussed. Results indicated mothers are continuing to assume the majority of the work including direct and indirect child care, and are experiencing role strain ...


The Effects Of Life-Stress, Social Support And Health On Formal Medical Utilization: A Longitudinal Study , Haeseon Lee Jan 1996

The Effects Of Life-Stress, Social Support And Health On Formal Medical Utilization: A Longitudinal Study , Haeseon Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research explored the relationships between life stress, social support and health on health service use behavior for elderly individuals, 70 years and older. Data from the Longitudinal Study of Aging (N = 2590) were analyzed by using structural equation modeling (LISREL). The results revealed that initial life stresses (financial stress and physical stress) at Time 1 were indirectly related to formal medical service utilization through social support especially functional support (availability of support) and health status measured at Time 2 (perception of functional ability and actual illness level);Different dimensions of social support function differently, however, all of the quantitative ...


Foster Parent Licensing: Personal Characteristics, Parenting Attitudes, And Training Experiences , Amy Moeller Yates Jan 1996

Foster Parent Licensing: Personal Characteristics, Parenting Attitudes, And Training Experiences , Amy Moeller Yates

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the factors influencing foster parent licensing. Data collected on survey questionnaires and telephone interviews included personal characteristics, altitudes toward parenting, attitudes toward foster parenting, and perceptions of foster parent training. Data were collected prior to foster parent preservice training, immediately after training, and 6 months following training. Participants included 113 persons (77 females and 36 males) who attended foster parent training in Iowa. Logistic regressions were performed and indicated that attitudes toward parenting and perceptions of foster parent training had significant (p <.01) effects on foster parent licensing. Permutations were performed to ensure results were not artifactual. The model explained 23% of the total variance and correctly predicted 79% of all cases. Persons with more appropriate parenting attitudes were more likely to become licensed foster parents. Perceived usefulness of 2 of the 7 training objectives were found to have an effect on foster parent licensing. The significant (p <.05) training objectives were "preparing for the role of foster parent" and "understanding the foster care system." Neither personal characteristics (such as age, gender, and income) nor attitudes toward foster parenting influenced foster parent licensing;Persons with more education were less likely to perceive foster parent training as useful in meeting several training objectives. Furthermore, more educated participants were less likely to perceive foster parent training as useful overall. T-tests indicated significant differences (p <.01) in parenting and foster parenting attitudes between white and nonwhite participants. While both whites and nonwhites held appropriate attitudes toward parenting, white participants scored significantly lower (p <.01) than nonwhite participants. Lower scores indicated more appropriate parenting attitudes. Female participants identified with the role of foster parent significantly more than their male cohorts. These results suggest that foster parent preservice training must take into account the various needs of persons from diverse backgrounds.


Family Financial Management: A Real World Perspective , Glenn Allen Muske Jan 1996

Family Financial Management: A Real World Perspective , Glenn Allen Muske

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to examine techniques used by families in the day-to-day management of their finances. The purpose is accomplished by analysis of data gathered through a series of in-depth interviews with the family money manager in seven different families. Each family was interviewed for a minimum of four hours, to examine what the family actually does and their reported explanation of why they do it. The families are all white, in first marriages, with children living at home. The family financial managers have a bachelor's degree or less, and both spouses are employed at least ...


Predictors In Late Adolescent College Students' Attitudes Towards Police And Their Attitudes Towards Parents, Teachers, And Police As A Function Of Self-Esteem , Kathleen Dee Smith Jan 1995

Predictors In Late Adolescent College Students' Attitudes Towards Police And Their Attitudes Towards Parents, Teachers, And Police As A Function Of Self-Esteem , Kathleen Dee Smith

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Probably one of the biggest concerns today of most Americans is the problem of crime. Police depend heavily upon citizens to help them fight crime, and so attitudes toward police are important since it is these attitudes which can directly help or hinder police effectiveness. Adolescents are over-represented in committing crimes; therefore, they become a target group in establishing positive community-police relations. Attitudes towards the self are equally important since how we feel about ourselves influences our attitudes towards others. This research investigated the variables of sex, race, age, city size, socioeconomic status, delinquency, police contact, and self-esteem to determine ...


Community Assessment Of The Barriers To Primary Health Care For Children And Families , Karen Glisczinski Shirer Jan 1995

Community Assessment Of The Barriers To Primary Health Care For Children And Families , Karen Glisczinski Shirer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to conduct a community assessment to determine the barriers to accessing primary health care for children in Chickasaw County, Iowa. Bronfenbrenner's (1986) ecological perspective on the interaction between the family and the environment was adapted to explain the barriers to health care. Based on this framework, barriers to preventive services, prenatal care, well-child care, immunizations, and health education were identified;Data were collected in two phases. First, existing data about the county's population, families, income and poverty, and child health were compiled into a health and social indicator profile. Second, a consumer ...