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Full-Text Articles in Education

Moving From A Predominantly Teaching Oriented Culture To A Research Productivity Mission: The Case Of Mexico And The United States, Gus Gregorutti Dec 2010

Moving From A Predominantly Teaching Oriented Culture To A Research Productivity Mission: The Case Of Mexico And The United States, Gus Gregorutti

Faculty Publications

This study qualitatively analyzes the culture conflicts professors in the United States and Mexico are experiencing with the increasing pressures to produce more research about higher education. The first dataset was collected from 36 faculty members from 12 small and medium sized private, doctorate-granting universities. These universities are located in 11 states across the United States. The remaining data came from 44 faculty members employed at four small and medium sized private, doctoral granting universities in four states across Mexico. Results showed that universities in the US are transitioning from a predominantly teaching college culture to a more research orientation ...


Developing Mathematical Content Knowledge For Teaching Elementary School Mathematics, Eva Thanheiser, Christine A. Browning, Meg Moss, Tad Watanabe, Gina Garza-Kling Dec 2010

Developing Mathematical Content Knowledge For Teaching Elementary School Mathematics, Eva Thanheiser, Christine A. Browning, Meg Moss, Tad Watanabe, Gina Garza-Kling

Faculty Publications

In this paper the authors present three design principles they use to develop preservice teachers' mathematical content knowledge for teaching in their mathematics content and/or methods courses: (1) building on currently held conceptions, (2) modeling teaching for understanding, (3) focusing on connections between content knowledge and other types of knowledge. The authors share results of individual research projects and teaching approaches focusing on helping preservice elementary teachers develop such knowledge. Specific examples from different content areas (whole number, fractions, angle, and area) are discussed.


Characteristics And Predictors Associated With Teacher And Faculty Use Of Online Data Collection In Teacher Preparation Settings, Susan Gracia Nov 2010

Characteristics And Predictors Associated With Teacher And Faculty Use Of Online Data Collection In Teacher Preparation Settings, Susan Gracia

Faculty Publications

The purpose of this study was to examine some of the gaps in the research around the use of online surveys in teacher preparation settings by exploring the attitudes toward technology and online evaluations, as well as predictors of user assessment of online data collection methodology, among 222 College Supervisors and Cooperating Teachers. Research questions centered around the status of and relationships among College Supervisor/Cooperating Teacher demographic variables, level of computer experience, computer proficiency, attitude toward technology, perceived ease of use, perceived usefulness, facilitating conditions, and overall assessment of online student teacher evaluations. Findings indicated that Cooperating Teachers experienced ...


Passing Notes In School: Effects Of Teacher-To-Teacher Written Praise On School Community, Julie Nelson, Paul Caldarella Nov 2010

Passing Notes In School: Effects Of Teacher-To-Teacher Written Praise On School Community, Julie Nelson, Paul Caldarella

Faculty Publications

Research exploring school improvement and professional development suggests that teachers want to work collaboratively in professional communities (DeFour, 2004).


Bringing Behavior Into Professional Learning Community Discussions, Gary Wall, Paul Caldarella, Lynnette Christensen, K. Richard Young, Pamela Hallam Nov 2010

Bringing Behavior Into Professional Learning Community Discussions, Gary Wall, Paul Caldarella, Lynnette Christensen, K. Richard Young, Pamela Hallam

Faculty Publications

Characteristics of a Professional Learning Community include: Shared mission, vision, values, goals; Collaborative teams FOCUSED ON LEARNING; Collective inquiry into “best practices” and “current reality”; Action orientation/experimentation; Commitment to continuous improvement; Results orientation


Getting Students To School On Time Using Teacher Written Praise Notes, Lynnette Christensen, Paul Caldarella, K. Richard Young, Colleen Densley Nov 2010

Getting Students To School On Time Using Teacher Written Praise Notes, Lynnette Christensen, Paul Caldarella, K. Richard Young, Colleen Densley

Faculty Publications

Our purpose was to evaluate the effect of teacher written praise notes on elementary school student on-time behavior.


Pre-Service Physics Teachers And Physics Education Research, David Rosengrant Oct 2010

Pre-Service Physics Teachers And Physics Education Research, David Rosengrant

Faculty Publications

Training pre-service teachers requires, among other things, content knowledge, pedagogical skills and pedagogical content knowledge. Teacher preparation programs have little, if any spare time to add more courses/activities to their program. However, I argue in this paper that we, as educators, must enhance the amount of physics education research in our pre-service physics teacher training programs. In this study, I analyze the results of two different types of exposure to physics education research (PER) from two different groups of pre-service physics teachers in our masters of arts and teaching program. The preliminary results show, for example that the PER ...


The Use Of Audience Response Systems In Nursing Education: Best Practice Guidelines, Nicole Mareno, Marie Bremner, Christie Emerson Sep 2010

The Use Of Audience Response Systems In Nursing Education: Best Practice Guidelines, Nicole Mareno, Marie Bremner, Christie Emerson

Faculty Publications

The use of Audience Response Systems (ARS) or 'clickers' as an active learning strategy in nursing education has been steadily on the rise. ARS technology allows the dynamic engagement of students in the classroom by providing immediate two-way communication between faculty and students. ARS can be used to explore knowledge and common misconceptions, act as a springboard for classroom discussions, and can be used for testing or evaluation. The aim of this paper is to present best practice guidelines for both novice and experienced ARS technology users. A summary of the state of the research in this area will be ...


Creative Exercises In General Chemistry: A Student-Centered Assessment, Scott E. Lewis, Janet L. Shaw, Kathryn A. Freeman Sep 2010

Creative Exercises In General Chemistry: A Student-Centered Assessment, Scott E. Lewis, Janet L. Shaw, Kathryn A. Freeman

Faculty Publications

Creative exercises (CEs) are a form of assessment in which students are given a prompt and asked to write down as many distinct, correct, and relevant facts about the prompt as they can. Students receive credit for each fact that they include that is related to the prompt and distinct from the other facts they list. With CEs, students have an opportunity to demonstrate their knowledge and the opportunity to select the information that they believe is related to the prompt. In addition, CEs encourage students to connect concepts because any relevant information presented can assist them in completing the ...


Positive Behavior Support: A Skillbuilding Approach To E/Bd, K. Richard Young, Lynnette Christensen, Paul Caldarella Jun 2010

Positive Behavior Support: A Skillbuilding Approach To E/Bd, K. Richard Young, Lynnette Christensen, Paul Caldarella

Faculty Publications

We envision a positive school environment that nurtures the development of: social, emotional and behavioral skills; competencies and characteristics necessary for meaningful relationships; academic success; responsible citizenship; abilities to deal with adversity, stress and the challenges of life


Evaluation Study Of C.A.R.E., The National Education Association's Culture, Abilities, Resilience, And Effort Professional Development Training, Noni Reis, Denise Alston, Linda Bacon, Brooke Whiting, Sheila Simmons Apr 2010

Evaluation Study Of C.A.R.E., The National Education Association's Culture, Abilities, Resilience, And Effort Professional Development Training, Noni Reis, Denise Alston, Linda Bacon, Brooke Whiting, Sheila Simmons

Faculty Publications

This was an evaluation study of C.A.R.E., National Education Association's Culture, Abilities, Resilience and Effort (C.A.R.E.): Strategies for Closing Achievement Gaps. The training is based on culturally relevant pedagogy and on the Center for Research on Educational Diversity and Excellence standards. The research questions for the study were: 1.Did the training lead to changes in instructional practices? 2.Were the tools and materials provided by the C.A.R.E. guide used? 3.Did the strategies lead to changes in student behavior and school practices Participants (n-275) completed an on-line survey and ...


Social And Emotional Learning In Kindergarten: Evaluation Of The Strong Start Curriculum, Paul Caldarella, Lynnette Christensen, K. Richard Young, Thomas J. Kramer, Ryan H. Shatzer Mar 2010

Social And Emotional Learning In Kindergarten: Evaluation Of The Strong Start Curriculum, Paul Caldarella, Lynnette Christensen, K. Richard Young, Thomas J. Kramer, Ryan H. Shatzer

Faculty Publications

Social and Emotional Learning promotes competence by teaching skills: Recognize and manage emotion; Develop care and concern for others; Make responsible decisions; Form positive relationships; Handle challenging situations effectively.


Effects Of Teacher-To-Teacher Written Praise On Teachers' Perceptions Of School Community, Julie Nelson, Paul Caldarella Mar 2010

Effects Of Teacher-To-Teacher Written Praise On Teachers' Perceptions Of School Community, Julie Nelson, Paul Caldarella

Faculty Publications

Research exploring school improvement and professional development suggests that teachers want to work collaboratively in professional communities.


Getting Students To School On Time: Effects Of A Praise Note Intervention, Lynnette Christensen, Paul Caldarella, Colleen Densley Mar 2010

Getting Students To School On Time: Effects Of A Praise Note Intervention, Lynnette Christensen, Paul Caldarella, Colleen Densley

Faculty Publications

Our purpose was to evaluate the effectiveness of teacher written praise notes on elementary school student on-time behavior.


Imagining A Better World: Service-Learning As Benefit To Teacher Education, Virginia M. Jagla, Antonina Lukenchuk, Todd A. Price Dr. Jan 2010

Imagining A Better World: Service-Learning As Benefit To Teacher Education, Virginia M. Jagla, Antonina Lukenchuk, Todd A. Price Dr.

Faculty Publications

This study intends to broaden the conception of service-learning and to expand on its models, epistemological positions, and exemplars. Our intentions are to develop a substantive analysis of service-learning in its current theoretical development and to diversify service-learning pedagogical repertoire for teacher education candidates in graduate education programs. As university faculty, who embed service-learning components in various education courses, we are concerned with the manner in which higher education institutions manage their practices—primarily according to narrowly conceived technical and prescriptive models, thereby restricting multiple ways of knowing, teaching and learning. We demonstrate how service-learning can develop new forms of ...


The Boys Like Action And The Girls Like Emotion, Timothy Lintner Jan 2010

The Boys Like Action And The Girls Like Emotion, Timothy Lintner

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


School Cultures As Contexts For Informal Teacher Learning, Elena Jurasaite-O'Keefe, Lesley A. Rex Jan 2010

School Cultures As Contexts For Informal Teacher Learning, Elena Jurasaite-O'Keefe, Lesley A. Rex

Faculty Publications

This study descriptively compares international social contexts for teacher workplace informal professional learning from the teachers’ perspectives. Set in elementary schools in the U.S. and Lithuania, the study illustrates how teachers make sense of and engage in learning within the historical, political and administrative contexts within which they work. A sociocultural framework brings into view different opportunities for teacher informal learning. These appear in teachers’ discourse about their schools’ missions, building structures, classroom environments, organizational arrangements, traditions, and professional relationships as referenced in teachers’ discourse. The study argues for the importance of acknowledging teacher informal learning as a method ...


Teaching English Language Learner Students In Us Mainstream Schools: Intersections Of Language, Pedagogy, And Power, Katya A. Karathanos Jan 2010

Teaching English Language Learner Students In Us Mainstream Schools: Intersections Of Language, Pedagogy, And Power, Katya A. Karathanos

Faculty Publications

This study explored to what extent two groups of mainstream teachers in the midwestern region of the USA with differing degrees of English Language Learner (ELL) specific universitypreparation reportedly engaged in practises that incorporated the native languages (L1) of ELL students in instruction. The study further examined specific strategies reported by mainstream teachers in promoting L1 use in instruction as well as challenges identified in implementing this practise. The study utilized a mixed-method design that included analyses of survey data from a quantitative study (n=227) and qualitative analyses of teacher discourse from course documents and open-ended survey questions. Findings ...


"What Was Really Accomplished Today?" Mathematics Content Specialists Observe A Class For Prospective K-8 Teachers, Andrew M. Tyminski, Sarah D. Ledford, Dennis Hembree Jan 2010

"What Was Really Accomplished Today?" Mathematics Content Specialists Observe A Class For Prospective K-8 Teachers, Andrew M. Tyminski, Sarah D. Ledford, Dennis Hembree

Faculty Publications

One of the important activities mathematics teacher educators engage in is the development of teachers at both the in-service and pre-service levels. Also of importance is the professional development of these professional developers. In the summer of 2004, a summer institute was held that allowed mathematics teacher educators watch the teaching of a mathematics content course for prospective K-8 teachers. This paper examines the manner in which a specific group of mathematics content specialists experienced this professional development.


Practical Approaches To Learning And Self-Managing Social Emotional Behavior In Elementary Schools, Paul Caldarella, Lynnette Christensen, K. Richard Young, Darlene Anderson Jan 2010

Practical Approaches To Learning And Self-Managing Social Emotional Behavior In Elementary Schools, Paul Caldarella, Lynnette Christensen, K. Richard Young, Darlene Anderson

Faculty Publications

Children often acquire maladaptive coping strategies (i.e. externalizing and internalizing behaviors). Problems often persist, less treatable if not addressed early (before age 8). 20% of students have emotional or behavioral problems while only 5% receive services.


The Civil Behavior Of Students: A Survey Of School Professionals, Keely Wilkins, Paul Caldarella, Rachel Crook-Lyon, K. Richard Young Jan 2010

The Civil Behavior Of Students: A Survey Of School Professionals, Keely Wilkins, Paul Caldarella, Rachel Crook-Lyon, K. Richard Young

Faculty Publications

Many authors regard education as a way of increasing civility in society, and some have implemented interventions to improve civility in schools. However, very little empirical data exist on the extent and nature of students' civil behavior. The present study systematically gathered data from 251 school professionals regarding their perceptions of students' civil and uncivil behaviors. Participants perceived students' civil behaviors as occurring more frequently than uncivil behaviors; however, they also indicated a need to increase civil behavior in schools. They provided suggestions on how to accomplish this goal, which include providing direct instruction, modeling civil behavior, incorporating positive behavior ...


Implications Of Civility For Children, Keely Wilkins, Paul Caldarella, Rachel Crook-Lyon, K. Richard Young Jan 2010

Implications Of Civility For Children, Keely Wilkins, Paul Caldarella, Rachel Crook-Lyon, K. Richard Young

Faculty Publications

The purpose of this article is to review the literature exploring various definitions of civility, along with reasons why civility is vital to children and adolescents in any community. The authors examine definitions and components of civility in both historical and current contexts. The need for increased civility in modern society is described. The authors also explore the relationship of civility education to character and moral education and outline civility interventions suggested in the literature. Finally, suggestions are given for methods and strategies that have been found to be successful in bringing civility into schools.


Parent Involvement In School-Wide Social Skills Instruction: Practice And Perceptions Of A Home Note Program, Michael B. Adams, Sue A. Womack, Ryan H. Shatzer, Paul Caldarella Jan 2010

Parent Involvement In School-Wide Social Skills Instruction: Practice And Perceptions Of A Home Note Program, Michael B. Adams, Sue A. Womack, Ryan H. Shatzer, Paul Caldarella

Faculty Publications

If students are to become proficient at using social skills, parents must be involved in teaching and reinforcing these skills at home. Parent involvement is associated with increased student success, especially when it includes a two-way exchange of information between home and school. As the traditional family has changed, new methods of eliciting parent involvement are needed. This article presents a description and evaluation of a school-wide home note program used to encourage generalization of social skills taught in school to home settings. Teachers (n = 20), parents (n = 107), and students (n = 383) at an elementary school in the westem ...


When Teachers And Parents Work Together… An Approach To Developing Critical Life Skills For All Students, Paul Caldarella, Lynnette Christensen, K. Richard Young, John Wilkinson Jan 2010

When Teachers And Parents Work Together… An Approach To Developing Critical Life Skills For All Students, Paul Caldarella, Lynnette Christensen, K. Richard Young, John Wilkinson

Faculty Publications

Problem behaviors at home and at school can be prevented or corrected. Children naturally want to please their parents or the teachers they like. Adults are seen as a trusted source of help. Children will respond more positively to modeling. Students are more willing to spend time with positive adults.


Encouraging School Planner Use To Improve The Academic Performance Of Secondary Students, Darlene Anderson, Lynnette Christensen, Paul Caldarella, K. Richard Young Jan 2010

Encouraging School Planner Use To Improve The Academic Performance Of Secondary Students, Darlene Anderson, Lynnette Christensen, Paul Caldarella, K. Richard Young

Faculty Publications

Our research aim is to improve students' time management, homework completion, and academic grades as a result of using the planner and applying organizational skills.


Social And Emotional Learning In The Kindergarten Classroom: Evaluation Of The Strong Start Curriculum, Thomas J. Kramer, Paul Caldarella, Lynnette Christensen, Ryan H. Shatzer Jan 2010

Social And Emotional Learning In The Kindergarten Classroom: Evaluation Of The Strong Start Curriculum, Thomas J. Kramer, Paul Caldarella, Lynnette Christensen, Ryan H. Shatzer

Faculty Publications

There has been increasing interest in the promotion of social and emotional learning in schools, and research has shown positive outcomes. However, relatively few studies have been conducted in kindergarten classrooms or considered the feasibility of kindergarten implementation. This study examined the effects of Strong Start on the social and emotional competence of 67 kindergarten students, using a time-series design. Four kindergarten teachers taught the ten Strong Start lessons in their classrooms. Results indicated gains in students' prosocial behaviors and decreases in internalizing behaviors, as rated by teachers and parents. Implementation integrity and teachers' ratings of social validity were high ...


Faculty Development In Instructional Technology: A Multiple Case Study, Robson Moura Marinho Jan 2010

Faculty Development In Instructional Technology: A Multiple Case Study, Robson Moura Marinho

Faculty Publications

Employing the descriptive multiple case study method, this qualitative study explores the experiences of ten faculty members involved in learning about technology at a Major Pubic University in the United States. Participants shed light on the learning process in instructional technology by sharing their personal experiences, perspectives, ideas and behaviors. This paper summarizes the results of the study, making comparisons with related literature, and then discussing its practical implications and recommendations for faculty development. The findings indicate the need of a more holistic approach to faculty development programs in instructional technology.