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Full-Text Articles in Business

The Effects Of Short-Term Rentals On Communities And How To Legislate Them: An Expanded Literary Review, William Cherry May 2024

The Effects Of Short-Term Rentals On Communities And How To Legislate Them: An Expanded Literary Review, William Cherry

Finance Undergraduate Honors Theses

A literary review of the economic and socioeconomic effects of short-term rental properties, specifically the commercialization of the industry based upon other research studies. An in-depth look at how commercialized short-term rentals effect the younger generation, hospitality industry, housing market, communities they reside in, and other externalities. A further review of different legal case studies of short-term rental legislation in major cities across the globe and their varying degrees of effectiveness.


How Will California’S Electric Vehicle Policy Impact State-Generated Transportation Revenues? Projecting Scenarios Through 2040, Asha Weinstein Agrawal, Hannah King, H. A. “Burt” Tasaico Mar 2024

How Will California’S Electric Vehicle Policy Impact State-Generated Transportation Revenues? Projecting Scenarios Through 2040, Asha Weinstein Agrawal, Hannah King, H. A. “Burt” Tasaico

Mineta Transportation Institute Publications

California faces unprecedented uncertainty about how much revenue the state will raise from a package of taxes on motor fuels and annual registration fees on light-duty vehicles that was established in 2017 by Senate Bill 1 (SB 1). The SB 1 taxes are by far the largest source of revenue that the State of California generates to support maintenance, operations, and improvements for state highways, and the funds also contribute substantially to local transportation and public transit budgets. To help policymakers navigate the uncertainty about future SB 1 transportation revenue, this study used spreadsheet models to project revenue from the …


Research On Integration Of Innovation Chain, Industrial Chain, Fund Chain, And Talent Chain, Changhong Nie, Feijie Zhao, Chuan Li, Tong Chen Feb 2024

Research On Integration Of Innovation Chain, Industrial Chain, Fund Chain, And Talent Chain, Changhong Nie, Feijie Zhao, Chuan Li, Tong Chen

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Promoting the integrated development of innovation chain, industrial chain, capital chain, and talent chain is of great significance to the high-quality development of the economy, and its essence is to reduce the various barriers faced by the flow of innovation elements across organizational boundaries, improve the allocation efficiency, better stimulate the main role of enterprises in scientific and technological innovation, and enhance the overall efficiency of the national innovation system. This study analyzes “four chain” integration and puts forward the following suggestions. First, promote the systematic layout and systematic implementation of scientific and technological innovation policies. Second, explore the construction …


Rethinking Eisner V. Macomber, And The Future Of Structural Tax Reform, Alex Zhang Jan 2024

Rethinking Eisner V. Macomber, And The Future Of Structural Tax Reform, Alex Zhang

Faculty Articles

In June 2023, the Supreme Court granted the petition for a writ of certiorari in Moore v. United States, ostensibly a challenge to an obscure provision of the 2017 tax legislation. Moore’s real target is the constitutionality of federal wealth and accrual taxation, which policymakers have proposed to combat record inequality and raise revenue for social-welfare reform. At the center of the doctrinal dispute in Moore is a century-old case, Eisner v. Macomber, on which the Moore petitioners and other commentators have relied to argue that Congress has no power to tax wealth or unrealized gains—e.g., appreciation …


Unraveling The Effects Of Transfer Pricing Documentation Regulation: Indonesia’ Evidence, Anggari Dwi Saputra Dec 2023

Unraveling The Effects Of Transfer Pricing Documentation Regulation: Indonesia’ Evidence, Anggari Dwi Saputra

Jurnal Akuntansi dan Keuangan Indonesia

To counter tax avoidance using transfer mispricing practices, Indonesia introduced a transfer pricing documentation policy. This policy requires taxpayers to be transparent with their transfer pricing decisions. Treating the implementation of this policy as a shock to the taxpayers, this paper examines how the transfer pricing documentation policy affects a firm's tax avoidance behaviour by employing regression discontinuity design and difference-in-difference. Immediately after introducing the policy, a regression discontinuity analysis results indicate a 0.9 percentage point increase in tax/sales among taxpayers obligated to prepare transfer pricing documentation. A 0.3 to 0.7 percentage point increase in the tax/sales of the treatment …


The Contemporary Tax Journal Volume 12, No. 2 – Winter 2023 Dec 2023

The Contemporary Tax Journal Volume 12, No. 2 – Winter 2023

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


H.R. 3000 (118th Congress) – Expansion Of Certain Tax Preferences For Higher Education, Min Thein, Ling Yang Dec 2023

H.R. 3000 (118th Congress) – Expansion Of Certain Tax Preferences For Higher Education, Min Thein, Ling Yang

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


The Contemporary Tax Journal’S Interview With Mr. Wayne Monfries, Enas Al-Mais Dec 2023

The Contemporary Tax Journal’S Interview With Mr. Wayne Monfries, Enas Al-Mais

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


California Ab 1249, Sales Tax Holiday For School Supplies, Michelle Buchner, Aizhan Toibazarova Dec 2023

California Ab 1249, Sales Tax Holiday For School Supplies, Michelle Buchner, Aizhan Toibazarova

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Can A Construction Company Claim The Section 41 Research Credit?, Aizhan Toibazarova Dec 2023

Can A Construction Company Claim The Section 41 Research Credit?, Aizhan Toibazarova

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


The 39th Annual Tei-Sjsu High Tech Tax Institute Conference On Nov 6 – 7, 2023, Tom He Cpa, Aizhan Toibazarova Dec 2023

The 39th Annual Tei-Sjsu High Tech Tax Institute Conference On Nov 6 – 7, 2023, Tom He Cpa, Aizhan Toibazarova

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


California Sb 584, Short Term Rental, Khanh Le, Cheryl Gamat Dec 2023

California Sb 584, Short Term Rental, Khanh Le, Cheryl Gamat

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


H.R. 1477 (118th Congress) - Freedom To Invest In Tomorrow’S Workforce Act, Eric Varaghese, Sereyrod (Rod) Chea Dec 2023

H.R. 1477 (118th Congress) - Freedom To Invest In Tomorrow’S Workforce Act, Eric Varaghese, Sereyrod (Rod) Chea

The Contemporary Tax Journal

No abstract provided.


Reflections On Empowering China’S Digital Economy To Enhance International Competitiveness Through Tax System Reform, Yang Xue, Lina Hu Nov 2023

Reflections On Empowering China’S Digital Economy To Enhance International Competitiveness Through Tax System Reform, Yang Xue, Lina Hu

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

At present, promoting the continuous improvement of the international competitiveness of the digital economy has become a new track for countries to compete. The study stands that the tax reform in the digital economy era is based on the accelerated evolution from the industrial economy to the digital economy, the wider application scenarios of digital technology, and the continuous improvement of the breadth and depth of digital infrastructure coverage. This study analyzes the problems arising from the development of the digital economy at this stage, such as the decline in the regulatory role of traditional tax functions, the loss of …


State Of Trade In Pakistan, Muhammad Zeshan Nov 2023

State Of Trade In Pakistan, Muhammad Zeshan

CBER Conference

We believe that high tariff rates have increased the overall cost of production in Pakistan, and the domestic prices of many products have become much higher than the international market prices. Reducing import tariffs will reduce not only the domestic prices but will also increase the export competitiveness of the country because many imported products are complementary intermediate inputs in various exporting industries.


Congressional Briefing: Support America’S Circular Economy By Upcycling Bourbon & Brewing Wastes In Reauthorizing The Farm Bill, Samuel Kessler Nov 2023

Congressional Briefing: Support America’S Circular Economy By Upcycling Bourbon & Brewing Wastes In Reauthorizing The Farm Bill, Samuel Kessler

Commonwealth Policy Papers

Following state level development of a new spent grain incentive system, leading to KY House Bill 627 in 2022, CPC’s Congressional Summit dialogue considered initial components and possibilities for designing an incentive to upcycle “keystone” organic wastes in regional economies across the US. For member offices, a set of general recommendations are provided for a national spent-grain upcycling incentive pilot program. It is suggested that staff of the Bourbon caucus consult with the references in this briefing and USDA Rural Development to consider further development of an incentive program in the reauthorization of the Farm Bill.

It is further urged …


Tax In Tourism Research: A Bibliometric Analysis, Serap Ozdemir Guzel, Tugce Uzun Kocamis Aug 2023

Tax In Tourism Research: A Bibliometric Analysis, Serap Ozdemir Guzel, Tugce Uzun Kocamis

University of South Florida (USF) M3 Publishing

Tourism industry is one of the important sources in terms of tourism economy. For this reason, tourism and tax are two important variables. Tax in the field of tourism research and the usage areas of these taxes are other remarkable issues. In recent years, countries and many tourism businesses have been taking taxes from tourists for various expenditure items. The increasing importance of tax in terms of both supply and demand side, and the lack of a holistic comprehension of the knowledge domain in the literature are the motivation of the study. In this context, this study aimed to present …


Investing In California’S Transportation Future: 2022 Public Opinion On Critical Needs, Asha Weinstein Agrawal, Hilary Nixon Jul 2023

Investing In California’S Transportation Future: 2022 Public Opinion On Critical Needs, Asha Weinstein Agrawal, Hilary Nixon

Mineta Transportation Institute Publications

This study surveyed 3,821 adults living in California about their general travel behaviors and resources, use of ride-hailing, performance ratings for the transportation system and agencies responsible for transportation, transportation system improvement priorities, and preference for how transportation funds are allocated. Key findings include the following: • Californians are multi-modal: Although driving was the most common mode, respondents reported that in the previous 30 days 66% had made a walk trip, 28% had used ridehailing, 25% had used public transit, and 22% had bicycled. • Although many respondents had at least once substituted ride-hailing for transit, walking, or bicycling and …


Two Essays On The Tax Consequences Of Auditor Litigation Risk : Evidence From Quasi-Natural Experiments, Felix Owusu Jun 2023

Two Essays On The Tax Consequences Of Auditor Litigation Risk : Evidence From Quasi-Natural Experiments, Felix Owusu

Lingnan Theses and Dissertations

In the United States, auditors have legal liability to third parties under federal securities law and state common laws, which vary in the degree of liability. Whereas auditors are liable to security traders for fraud under the federal securities law, they are liable for ordinary negligence under common law. Using a sample of company-year observations from 1982 to 2015, I examine the implications of the adoption of common law statutes on audit client tax outcomes. My thesis consists of two essays. The first one examines how the staggered adoption of these common law principles that increased third-party auditor legal liability …


Trust In Public Programmes And Distributive (In)Justice In Taxation, Orkhan Nadirov, Bruce Dehning Jun 2023

Trust In Public Programmes And Distributive (In)Justice In Taxation, Orkhan Nadirov, Bruce Dehning

Accounting Faculty Articles and Research

In the tax psychology literature, there is a lack of empirical evidence on the degree of distributive justice in taxation. This article aims to test the relationship between trust in public programmes and distributive justice in taxation at the cross-country level. The sample consists of 47 countries. Trust in public programmes and distributive justice in taxation are measured based on data collected from Wave 7 of the World Values Survey, which took place worldwide in 2017-2022. An Ordered Probit Model was utilised for the empirical analysis. This study finds that if taxpayers support preferential organisations like the police and universities, …


Essays On Tax Impacts On Corporate Finance, Corporate Governance And Regional Disparity, Mei Li Jun 2023

Essays On Tax Impacts On Corporate Finance, Corporate Governance And Regional Disparity, Mei Li

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation consists of three chapters that cover topics on tax impacts on corporate finance, regional disparity and corporate governance.

Chapter 1 - How Do Net Operating Loss Carryforwards Affect Tax Impact on Corporate Capital Structure? This paper examines the impact of net operating loss (NOL) carryforwards on the tax implications of corporate capital structure. Leveraging the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (TCJA), the largest tax reform in four decades, this paper investigates the effect of NOL carryforwards on firms' sensitivity to tax reforms. As NOL carryforwards have become increasingly significant since 2000, but not widely researched due …


The Evaluation Of Employee Tax Incentive During Covid-19 Pandemic: A Study On Commerce Industry In Jakarta, Umar Hamzah, Maria R.U.D. Tambunan May 2023

The Evaluation Of Employee Tax Incentive During Covid-19 Pandemic: A Study On Commerce Industry In Jakarta, Umar Hamzah, Maria R.U.D. Tambunan

BISNIS & BIROKRASI: Jurnal Ilmu Administrasi dan Organisasi

The Covid-19 pandemic has had impacts on various aspects of human life, particularly economic activities. In response to this situation, the government issued an income tax incentive policy for employees borne by the government (PPh 21 DTP) to maintain the purchasing power of the community, especially for employees during the pandemic. Until the end of 2020, the realization report of this incentive utilization was still low, reaching only 29.8% of the budget ceiling. This study aims to evaluate the PPh 21 DTP tax incentive policy using Dunn's policy evaluation criteria (2004). Policy evaluation covers aspects of effectiveness, efficiency, sufficiency, fairness, …


An Analysis Of Key Financial Accounting Topics, Alec White May 2023

An Analysis Of Key Financial Accounting Topics, Alec White

Honors Theses

The Accounting Capstone Project is to design to help accounting students consider problems throughout the accounting industry. To accomplish this, students will complete several case studies dealing with areas of financial reporting. My group and I decided to present potential tax-saving strategies for Apple Inc.


2021-2022 Accounting Practicum: A Sequence Of Financial Accounting Case Studies, Virginia Barksdale May 2023

2021-2022 Accounting Practicum: A Sequence Of Financial Accounting Case Studies, Virginia Barksdale

Honors Theses

The following set of financial accounting case studies represents two semesters of work under Dr. Victoria Dickinson at the University of Mississippi’s Patterson School of Accountancy. As is customary for the Honors Accounting Practicum, subjects covered included current events – e.g., the anniversary of 9-11 and the COVID-19 pandemic – as well as the conceptual frameworks of different financial accounting disciplines. Some cases were more research focused while others involved specific deliverables relevant to the topic of the week. All case studies required the integration of knowledge from past coursework with the knowledge gained through the cases themselves. The work …


From The Village To Entrepreneurial Mentality: A Transformative Path For Africa's Economic Development, Morris Tsuma May 2023

From The Village To Entrepreneurial Mentality: A Transformative Path For Africa's Economic Development, Morris Tsuma

Honors Theses

Because the economic development in Africa is at an inflection point, the continent needs to use the transformative process of going from the village mentality to the entrepreneurial mentality. They need to go from the dependency village mentality to the free market entrepreneurial mentality to affect Africa’s economic future.

Many factors affect the path from the village mentality to the entrepreneurial mentality. Some of these factors and examples that I explore in this paper are international companies investing in local intelligence and people finding role models/goals to aspire to. Another factor is individuals going through difficulty and needing change. However, …


Tourism, Mapping, Retail And Recreational Trails: A Case Study Of Connectivity Between Trails And Adjacent Downtowns In Anniston, Alabama, Usa, Jennifer Green Apr 2023

Tourism, Mapping, Retail And Recreational Trails: A Case Study Of Connectivity Between Trails And Adjacent Downtowns In Anniston, Alabama, Usa, Jennifer Green

Theses

This study examines the estimated increase in economic impact on a geography’s local economy by creating cross-marketing efforts between expanding an established outdoor recreation trail to a closely located city downtown commerce district. This research will analyze the resulting potential rise in sales/lodging tax revenues for that city by mapping the trail and downtown district, and cross-marketing the other to users of both or either venue. Potential increase in economic impact will be estimated utilizing IMPLAN methodology by assessing the economic impact on the local economy that a percentage range of increased spending resulting from this cross-marketing effort could generate.


What Do Americans Think About Federal Tax Options To Support Transportation? Results From Year Thirteen Of A National Survey, Asha Weinstein Agrawal, Hilary Nixon Apr 2023

What Do Americans Think About Federal Tax Options To Support Transportation? Results From Year Thirteen Of A National Survey, Asha Weinstein Agrawal, Hilary Nixon

Mineta Transportation Institute Publications

This report summarizes the results from the thirteenth year of a national public opinion survey asking U.S. adults questions related to their views on federal transportation taxes. A nationally-representative sample of 2,620 respondents completed the online survey from January 31 to March 10, 2022. The questions test public opinions about raising the federal gas tax rate, replacing the federal gas tax with a new mileage fee, and imposing a mileage fee just on commercial travel. In addition to asking directly about support for these tax options, the survey collected data on respondents’ views on the quality of their local transportation …


Bearer Negotiable Instruments: Addressing A Financial Intelligence Gap And Identifying Criminogenic Weaknesses, Hollis B. Kegg Feb 2023

Bearer Negotiable Instruments: Addressing A Financial Intelligence Gap And Identifying Criminogenic Weaknesses, Hollis B. Kegg

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Bearer Negotiable Instruments (BNI) are a long-standing category of financial instruments used to transfer large amounts of money in ways that may not be subject to regulation, reporting, tracking, review, or oversight. There is limited information available on BNIs, and no evidence that any studies have been undertaken on BNIs alone, much less reported. Increasingly, BNIs are being used for illegal purposes including money laundering. This study gathers information about their characteristics, nature, purpose, legal status, and numbers. It also focuses on the crime risks associated with BNIs, the crime opportunities they facilitate, and the criminal weaknesses in the financial …


United States Of America As The Global Steward, Grant Fuller Jan 2023

United States Of America As The Global Steward, Grant Fuller

Liberty University Journal of Statesmanship & Public Policy

The principle of subsidiarity states that local communities are best equipped to govern most of their affairs. In an increasingly connected world, this idea gets contested frequently. Since World War II, the world has experienced relative peace due to U.S. precedence. Today, we see U.S. leadership challenged by global players like China, which is doing so in a manner that prioritizes their people and goals. In order to maintain relevance, the United States must revisit trade policy, monetary policy, fiscal policy, and national security policy.


Reimagining A U.S. Corporate Tax Increase As A Supplemental Subtraction Vat, Daniel S. Goldberg Jan 2023

Reimagining A U.S. Corporate Tax Increase As A Supplemental Subtraction Vat, Daniel S. Goldberg

Faculty Scholarship

The U.S. federal government raises tax revenue almost exclusively through income taxes, both corporate and individual, whereas its trading partners and competitors rely for their national revenue on both income taxes and “destination-based” value added taxes (VATs), which are not imposed on exports but are imposed on imports. As a result, U.S. corporations, which are subject to U.S. corporate income tax, may be at a serious trade disadvantage to competitor non-U.S. corporations with respect to both U.S. domestic sales and foreign sales, if the U.S. corporate income tax exceeds the foreign country’s income tax imposed on those competitors.

The Biden …