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European History

1999

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Articles 1 - 30 of 65

Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

Apollo Hypoakraios Reconsidered, Peter Nulton Dec 1999

Apollo Hypoakraios Reconsidered, Peter Nulton

Peter E. Nulton Ph.D.

In 1897, the excavations of P. Kabbadias uncovered ten votive plaques in a cave on the northwest slope of the Athenian Acropolis, thereby fixing the location of the "sanctuary of Apollo in a cave" mentioned by Pausanias (I.28.4). The inscriptions indicated that they were meant as dedications to Apollo Hypoakraios or Hypo Makrais, and that the dedicants were invariably members of the college of archons. Although the corpus has increased steadily since then, the inscriptions have not been treated together since Kabbadias's original publication.

In this paper, I will offer some conclusions drawn from a thorough re-analysis ...


Book Review: Heritage On Stage: The Invention Of Ethnic Place In America's Little Switzerland, Cheryl Ganz Nov 1999

Book Review: Heritage On Stage: The Invention Of Ethnic Place In America's Little Switzerland, Cheryl Ganz

Swiss American Historical Society Review

Yodeling, alphoms, cowbells, Wilhelm Tell, cheese, chalets, and cantonal flags conjure up either nostalgic images of a romantic Swiss folklore culture in the pre-industrial world or a visit to the Wisconsin town of New Glarus, popularly known as "America• s Little Switzerland." A visitor from Basel remarked that New Glarus seemed "more Swiss than Switzerland." Steven D. Hoelscher argues that the community invented "ethnic place" by its continual reinterpretation of ethnicity and by its reshaping of "Swissness" over time through its landscapes, museums, festivals, and cultural performances. It is this conspicuous construction of American ethnic heritage, identity, and place that ...


Book Review: Emmentaler Geschlechter- Und Wappenbuch, Delbert Gratz Nov 1999

Book Review: Emmentaler Geschlechter- Und Wappenbuch, Delbert Gratz

Swiss American Historical Society Review

A remarkable volume was recently issued that is very helpful for gaining insight into the history and significance of the old families that have their origins in, and still inhabit, that area of the Canton Bern, Switzerland, that is drained by the Emme river and called the Emmental. Most of these family names are recognizable by Americans as many of their families stem from this exquisitely beautiful, but traditionally economically poor region which has contributed heavily to American immigration in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.


Full Issue Nov 1999

Full Issue

Swiss American Historical Society Review

No abstract provided.


Front Matter Nov 1999

Front Matter

Swiss American Historical Society Review

No abstract provided.


Swiss Settlers Of The Carolina Back Country: Saxe Gotha, Switzers' Neck, The Dutch Fork, And Lexington, Claudette Holliday Nov 1999

Swiss Settlers Of The Carolina Back Country: Saxe Gotha, Switzers' Neck, The Dutch Fork, And Lexington, Claudette Holliday

Swiss American Historical Society Review

The Township Act and Saxe Gotha The year was 1716 and a lone outpost, the Congaree garrison, located about five miles below the mouth of the Saluda River and below the Congaree Creek on the western bank of the Congaree River offered little protection for low country settlements from Indians resisting the take-over of their homelands. By 1722 the garrison was abandoned.


The Swabian War Of 1499: 500 Years Since Switzerland's Last War Of Independence, Albert Winkler Nov 1999

The Swabian War Of 1499: 500 Years Since Switzerland's Last War Of Independence, Albert Winkler

Swiss American Historical Society Review

Exactly 500 years ago, the Swiss Confederation faced the final threat to its existence by the Habsburg family, and the occurrence is noteworthy for several reasons. The Swabian War was the last of a series of conflicts reaching back centuries in which the Swiss states had to ward off determined invasions from an external foe. Significantly, they did not have to do so again for nearly three centuries when the French armies overran the Confederation in 1798. The Swabian War also ended the threat of Habsburg or Austrian domination which had been a serious menace for many generations. The survival ...


Book Review: Nachkommen. Auswanderer Aus Klosters Und Davos Nach Amerika Im 19 Jahrhundert, Leo Schelbert Nov 1999

Book Review: Nachkommen. Auswanderer Aus Klosters Und Davos Nach Amerika Im 19 Jahrhundert, Leo Schelbert

Swiss American Historical Society Review

To do justice to this work is less than easy, yet is certainly a labor of love. Diverse materials in Swiss archives and others unearthed in the United States form the documentary core of this book. Its rich primary sources deal not only with the world of destination, that is several regions in North America such as the Midwest, Texas, and the Pacific Northwest, but also with the world of origin, especially Klosters and Davos. The author is intimately acquainted with that mountainous area of Switzerland's Canton Graubtinden and she also familiarized herself by extensive travels with the American ...


Front Matter Oct 1999

Front Matter

Swiss American Historical Society Review

No abstract provided.


Program For The Afternoon Meeting Oct 1999

Program For The Afternoon Meeting

Swiss American Historical Society Review

No abstract provided.


Agenda And Reports, Erdmann Schmocker, Sabine Jessner, Nicole Butz, Fred Moser, Ernest Thurston, Leo Schelbert, Donald Tritt Oct 1999

Agenda And Reports, Erdmann Schmocker, Sabine Jessner, Nicole Butz, Fred Moser, Ernest Thurston, Leo Schelbert, Donald Tritt

Swiss American Historical Society Review

Following an informal gathering over coffee and rolls, President Erdmann Schmocker called the business meeting to order at 10:00 a.m. Mr. Franz J. Portmann, the Honorary Swiss Consul for Philadelphia, greeted the forty-some members and guests present and invited them to a wine and cheese reception at the Pentimenti Gallery following the afternoon program. Ms. Hannah Widrig, Cultural Attachee at the Embassy of Switzerland in Washington, DC, was introduced. President Schmocker thanked Mr. and Mrs. Portmann for their help with the meeting arrangements.


Full Issue Oct 1999

Full Issue

Swiss American Historical Society Review

No abstract provided.


Special Reports On The 1999 Sahs Annual Meetings, Simon Netzle, Leo Schelbert Oct 1999

Special Reports On The 1999 Sahs Annual Meetings, Simon Netzle, Leo Schelbert

Swiss American Historical Society Review

This year the Swiss members of the SAHS held their traditional meeting on Saturday, October 9, 1999 in St. Gallen's Washington House. Despite the first signs of winter - windy conditions and low temperatures characteristic for the region at this time - Dr. Marcel Mayer of the City Archive of St. Gallen first took some thirty guests on a tour of St. Gallen's merchant houses typical of the City's 19th and 20th centuries' textile industry. After the American Civil War the textile merchants began to trade successfully with the United States and built for themselves luxurious and richly decorated ...


Full Issue Oct 1999

Full Issue

Swiss American Historical Society Review

No abstract provided.


A King's Impossible Dream, Michael Graham Sep 1999

A King's Impossible Dream, Michael Graham

Michael F. Graham

No abstract provided.


Women And The Church Courts In Reformation-Era Scotland, Michael Graham Sep 1999

Women And The Church Courts In Reformation-Era Scotland, Michael Graham

Michael F. Graham

A comprehensive view of the lives of women in Scotland from 1100 to 1750, based on a wide range of archival sources, including Court of Session records and Middle Scots poetry. Amongst the women featured are nuns, brewers, widows, witches, and wives of ministers of the kirk.


The International Criminal Tribunal For The Former Yugoslavia (Icty): An Examination, Jason Corwin Jun 1999

The International Criminal Tribunal For The Former Yugoslavia (Icty): An Examination, Jason Corwin

Student Theses, Papers and Projects (History)

No abstract provided.


A Means To An End: August Von Haxthausen, Russian Serfdom And Emancipation In Nineteenth Century Russia, Daniel Pierre Jun 1999

A Means To An End: August Von Haxthausen, Russian Serfdom And Emancipation In Nineteenth Century Russia, Daniel Pierre

Student Theses, Papers and Projects (History)

No abstract provided.


Front Matter Jun 1999

Front Matter

Swiss American Historical Society Review

No abstract provided.


Swiss Sasha Dolls Visit The United States, Leo Schelbert Jun 1999

Swiss Sasha Dolls Visit The United States, Leo Schelbert

Swiss American Historical Society Review

Dolls - : Their impact on children, their being a mirror image of a given society's values and sense of beauty, - few would dispute their importance. Are they not a kind of secular counterpart of the Holy Child, of the seasonally clothed and beautifully sculpted Madonna or Saint in shrines of pilgrimage, are they not shadows of deeply engraven archetypes in the depth of the human psyche? One of the great doll makers is Sasha Morgenthaler (1893-1975), born von Sinner, who grew up in Bern, worked in Zurich, and counted among her life-long friends and promoters Paul Klee (1879-1940), besides Pablo ...


Kyburz, Ca 95720, Usa, Martin Hochstrasser Jun 1999

Kyburz, Ca 95720, Usa, Martin Hochstrasser

Swiss American Historical Society Review

Lake Tahoe is situated in the California Sierra Nevada on the border of the state of Nevada. One who travels from here over the gently descending Western slope of the mountain range to the California capital Sacramento or further to San Francisco, will choose US highway 50. After a few dozen kilometers drive through mountainous forested areas which have a few small settlements the traveler will come upon a group of buildings which obviously stem from stage coach times.


Making Thirty Acres Support Ten People, Charles W. Holman Jun 1999

Making Thirty Acres Support Ten People, Charles W. Holman

Swiss American Historical Society Review

In Little Rock they told me Louis Sougey had cleared $2200 from a 30-acre com and cotton farm last year. I was skeptical and went over to the office of our old friend, A. D. McNair, now with the bureau of plant industry, division of farm management investigations for the U.S. Department of Agriculture.


Book Review: Target Switzerland: Swiss Armed Neutrality In World War Ii., Karl Wood Jun 1999

Book Review: Target Switzerland: Swiss Armed Neutrality In World War Ii., Karl Wood

Swiss American Historical Society Review

Stephen P. Halbrook's 1998 book, Target Switzerland: Swiss Armed Neutrality in World War II is a well-narrated account of the Swiss preparedness to resist any possible invasion by a hostile power, but most especially by the Nazis, through the critical years of the 1930s and 1940s. The author brings to bear his considerable skills of persuasion and journalistic perception, reminiscent of the late William Shirer, of whose work he makes extensive use for historical perspective. He offers an argument that the "true Swiss experience in the war" lay not in the recently much-discussed accommodations made to the Nazis, "a ...


Full Issue Jun 1999

Full Issue

Swiss American Historical Society Review

No abstract provided.


Norway At War: The Great Resistance To The Nazis During World War Ii, Benjamin J. Shook May 1999

Norway At War: The Great Resistance To The Nazis During World War Ii, Benjamin J. Shook

Student Theses, Papers and Projects (History)

No abstract provided.


From Habsburg To Hitler To Haider: The Peculiarities Of Austrian History, Harry Ritter May 1999

From Habsburg To Hitler To Haider: The Peculiarities Of Austrian History, Harry Ritter

History Faculty and Staff Publications

In broad overview, the defining feature of Austrian history since 1866 has been dramatic and - since 1918 - sometimes wrenching change.* A greater contrast between the country's serene, touristic image and the real historical experiences of its people can scarcely be imagined. Other regions - Poland, the former Yugoslavia, the former Soviet Union - endured, to be sure, greater human extremes and far greater total misery in our century. Sadly, the plight of these nations often occurred at the hands of Austrian-bred officials and soldiers, from Hitler, Eichmann, Globocnik, and Kaltenbrunner on down.' Yet if other countries suffered more, few, in such ...


Evolution And Devolution: The Dynamics Of Sovereignty And Security In Post-Cold War Europe, Thomas M. Lansford Apr 1999

Evolution And Devolution: The Dynamics Of Sovereignty And Security In Post-Cold War Europe, Thomas M. Lansford

Graduate Program in International Studies Theses & Dissertations

At a time when individual defense outlays are being significantly diminished, the national governments of Western Europe are confronted with the necessity of reforming and adapting their militaries to address new security concerns and undertake new missions. This study will examine multinational military integration as one possible approach whereby national governments can limit defense spending and still maintain military capabilities to meet the contemporary security threats faced by the nation states of the continent. The first three chapters of the work will explore the broad patterns of change in the international system which have propelled states to reexamine how they ...


Front Matter Feb 1999

Front Matter

Swiss American Historical Society Review

No abstract provided.


Full Issue Feb 1999

Full Issue

Swiss American Historical Society Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Dorlikon An Der Grenze Des Wachstums. Zur Kulturgeschichte Einer Zürcher Dorfschaft Im 17. Jahrhundert., Leo Schelbert Feb 1999

Book Review: Dorlikon An Der Grenze Des Wachstums. Zur Kulturgeschichte Einer Zürcher Dorfschaft Im 17. Jahrhundert., Leo Schelbert

Swiss American Historical Society Review

This impressive study has three main sections. The author offers, first, what he titles as Erzählung, that is narrative or story. In five chapters he gives a wealth of detail about the lives of the Dorlikon families, their struggle to meet the challenges of a sometimes harsh climate, their sparse resources due to bad harvests, the resulting loss of rented farms, and the cycles of birth, procreation, and death. Their valorous strivings as well as occasional misdeeds are reconstructed with meticulous concern for exact documentation. Key documents are cited in their original seventeenth century German. What emerges is a moving ...