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Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

High

2014

Articles 1 - 19 of 19

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Building A Railway For The 21st Century: Bringing High Speed Rail A Step Closer, Max Michell, Scott Martin, Philip G. Laird Jan 2014

Building A Railway For The 21st Century: Bringing High Speed Rail A Step Closer, Max Michell, Scott Martin, Philip G. Laird

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

High Speed Rail (HSR) operating at maximum speeds of above 250km/h with electric passenger trains are now operational in at least 11 countries. As the feasibility of building an Australian East Coast HSR network between Melbourne, Sydney and Brisbane is once again being examined, governments at Federal, State and Local levels need to develop complementary transport infrastructure and services to ensure the long-term financial and operational success of HSR. The lengthy time frame currently envisaged for completing the first stage of an Australian East Coast HSR network by 2035 provides a 20-year window for improving and upgrading urban and ...


Numerical Analysis Of High-Strength Concrete-Filled Steel Tubular Slender Beam-Columns Under Cyclic Loading, Vipulkumar Patel, Qing Quan Liang, Muhammad N. S Hadi Jan 2014

Numerical Analysis Of High-Strength Concrete-Filled Steel Tubular Slender Beam-Columns Under Cyclic Loading, Vipulkumar Patel, Qing Quan Liang, Muhammad N. S Hadi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The effects of cyclic local buckling on the behavior of concrete-filled steel tubular (CFST) slender beam-columns under cyclic loading were approximately considered in existing analytical methods by modifying the stress– strain curve for the steel tube in compression. These methods, however, cannot simulate the progressive cyclic local buckling of the steel tubes. This paper presents a new efficient numerical model for predicting the cyclic performance of high strength rectangular CFST slender beam-columns accounting for the effects of progressive cyclic local buckling of steel tube walls under stress gradients. Uniaxial cyclic constitutive laws for the concrete core and steel tubes are ...


Optimal Adaptive Wireless Body Area Networks For High Speed In Health Services, Miftadi Sudjai, Le Chung Tran, Farzad Safaei, Son Lam Phung Jan 2014

Optimal Adaptive Wireless Body Area Networks For High Speed In Health Services, Miftadi Sudjai, Le Chung Tran, Farzad Safaei, Son Lam Phung

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Adaptive ultra-wideband wireless body area networks have been proposed as one of feasible mHealth platforms offering a high-speed, robust mobile health service. The error performance of such sytems outperforms non-adaptive systems by up to 4 dB. To further improve the error performance, the optimization of adaptive parameters is investigated in this paper. Simulation results show that the proposed optimal adaptive systems achieves a 2 dB gain with respect to bit error rate (BER). This improvement is equivalent to extra reduction of the power consumption up to 37% in these networks, thus increasing the longevity and reliability of mHealth services.


On-Chip High-Throughput Manipulation Of Particles In A Dielectrophoresis-Active Hydrophoretic Focuser, Sheng Yan, Jun Zhang, Ming Li, Gursel Alici, Haiping Du, Ronald Sluyter, Weihua Li Jan 2014

On-Chip High-Throughput Manipulation Of Particles In A Dielectrophoresis-Active Hydrophoretic Focuser, Sheng Yan, Jun Zhang, Ming Li, Gursel Alici, Haiping Du, Ronald Sluyter, Weihua Li

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper proposes a novel concept of dielectrophoresis (DEP)-active hydrophoretic focusing of micro-particles and murine erythroleukemia (MEL) cells. The DEP-active hydrophoretic platform consists of crescent shaped grooves and interdigitated electrodes that generate lateral pressure gradients. These embedded electrodes exert a negative DEP force onto the particles by pushing them into a narrow space in the channel where the particle to groove interaction is intensive and hydrophoretic ordering occurs. Particles passing through the microfluidic device are directed towards the sidewalls of the channel. The critical limitation of DEP operating at a low flow rate and the specific hydrophoretic device for ...


A Study Of Plastic Deformation Behavior During High Pressure Torsion Process By Crystal Plasticity Finite Element Simulation, Peitang Wei, Cheng Lu, A K. Tieu, Guanyu Deng Jan 2014

A Study Of Plastic Deformation Behavior During High Pressure Torsion Process By Crystal Plasticity Finite Element Simulation, Peitang Wei, Cheng Lu, A K. Tieu, Guanyu Deng

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

High pressure torsion (HPT) is an efficient technique of producing ultrafine grained materials with exceptional small grain size. In this study, a crystal plasticity finite element method (CPFEM) model has been developed to investigate the plastic deformation behavior of pure aluminum single crystal during the HPT process. The simulation results show that, the distribution and evolution of the macroscopic plastic strain and the accumulative shear strain are similar. The value increases with the increase of the distance from the center as well as the number of revolution. The simulation is capable of reflecting the anisotropic characteristics of HPT deformation, a ...


Transmit Antenna Subset Selection For High-Rate Mimo-Ofdm Systems In The Presence Of Nonlinear Power Amplifiers, Phuc Ngoc Le, Farzad Safaei, Le Chung Tran Jan 2014

Transmit Antenna Subset Selection For High-Rate Mimo-Ofdm Systems In The Presence Of Nonlinear Power Amplifiers, Phuc Ngoc Le, Farzad Safaei, Le Chung Tran

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The deployment of antenna subset selection on a per-subcarrier basis in MIMO-OFDM systems could improve the system performance and/or increase data rates. This paper investigates this technique for the MIMO-OFDM systems suffering nonlinear distortions due to high-power amplifiers. At first, some problems pertaining to the implementation of this antenna selection approach, including power imbalance across transmit antennas and non-causality of per-subcarrier antenna selection criteria, are identified. Next, an optimal selection scheme is devised by means of linear optimization to overcome those disadvantages. This scheme optimally allocates data subcarriers under a constraint that all antennas have the same number of ...


High Retention Membrane Bioreactors: Challenges And Opportunities, Wenhai Luo, Faisal Ibney Hai, William Price, Wenshan Guo, Hao H. Ngo, Kazuo Yamamoto, Long Nghiem Jan 2014

High Retention Membrane Bioreactors: Challenges And Opportunities, Wenhai Luo, Faisal Ibney Hai, William Price, Wenshan Guo, Hao H. Ngo, Kazuo Yamamoto, Long Nghiem

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Extensive research has focussed on the development of novel high retention membrane bioreactor (HR-MBR) systems for wastewater reclamation in recent years. HR-MBR integrates high rejection membrane separation with conventional biological treatment in a single step. High rejection membrane separation processes currently used in HR-MBR applications include nanofiltration, forward osmosis, and membrane distillation. In these HR-MBR systems, organic contaminants can be effectively retained, prolonging their retention time in the bioreactor and thus enhancing their biodegradation. Therefore, HR-MBR can offer a reliable and elegant solution to produce high quality effluent. However, there are several technological challenges associated with the development of HR-MBR ...


Source Strength And Dispersion Of Co2 Releases From High-Pressure Pipelines: Cfd Model Using Real Gas Equation Of State, Xiong Liu, Ajit Godbole, Cheng Lu, Guillaume Michal, Phillip Venton Jan 2014

Source Strength And Dispersion Of Co2 Releases From High-Pressure Pipelines: Cfd Model Using Real Gas Equation Of State, Xiong Liu, Ajit Godbole, Cheng Lu, Guillaume Michal, Phillip Venton

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Transportation of CO2 in high-pressure pipelines forms a crucial link in the ever-increasing application of Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technologies. An unplanned release of CO2 from a pipeline presents a risk to human and animal populations and the environment. Therefore it is very important to develop a deeper understanding of the atmospheric dispersion of CO2 before the deployment of CO2 pipelines, to allow the appropriate safety precautions to be taken. This paper presents a two-stage Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) study developed (1) to estimate the source strength, and (2) to simulate the subsequent dispersion of CO2 in the atmosphere ...


3d Fem Analysis Of Strip Shape During Multi-Pass Rolling In A 6-High Cvc Cold Rolling Mill, Kezhi Linghu, Zhengyi Jiang, Jingwei Zhao, Fei Li, Dongbin Wei, Jianzhong Xu, Xiaoming Zhang, Xianming Zhao Jan 2014

3d Fem Analysis Of Strip Shape During Multi-Pass Rolling In A 6-High Cvc Cold Rolling Mill, Kezhi Linghu, Zhengyi Jiang, Jingwei Zhao, Fei Li, Dongbin Wei, Jianzhong Xu, Xiaoming Zhang, Xianming Zhao

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A 3D elastic–plastic finite element method (FEM) model of cold strip rolling for 6-high continuous variable crown (CVC) control rolling mill was developed. This model considers the boundary conditions such as accurate CVC curves, total rolling forces, total bending forces and roll shifting values. The rolling force distributions were obtained by the internal iteration processes instead of being treated as model boundary conditions. The calculated error has been significantly reduced by the developed model. Based on the rolling schedule data from a 1,850-mm CVC cold rolling mill, the absolute error between the simulated results and the actual values ...


High Di-Electric Constant Nano-Structure Ceramics Synthesis Using Novel Electric Discharge Assisted Mechanical Milling And Magneto Ball Milling And Its Properties, Azrin A. Chowdhury, Andrzej Calka, David Wexler, Konstantin Konstantinov Jan 2014

High Di-Electric Constant Nano-Structure Ceramics Synthesis Using Novel Electric Discharge Assisted Mechanical Milling And Magneto Ball Milling And Its Properties, Azrin A. Chowdhury, Andrzej Calka, David Wexler, Konstantin Konstantinov

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The conventional method to prepare functional oxides is ceramicpowder- based processing typically via solid-state reaction of microcrystalline starting powders at high temperatures. Disadvantages of this approach include the high temperatures of reaction, limited degree of product chemical homogeneity and difficulties in achieving rapid sintering. Various chemicalbased processing routes have been developed to prepare powders of more homogeneous composition, improved reactivity and sintering ability at low temperatures. Regardless of the route chosen to synthesise complex oxides, almost all of them require lengthy heat treatment schedules that usually exceed 10 h, as well as multi-stage processing steps. We describe two approaches to ...


Confinement Model For Frp Confined Normal- And High-Strength Concrete Circular Columns, Thong M. Pham, Muhammad N. S Hadi Jan 2014

Confinement Model For Frp Confined Normal- And High-Strength Concrete Circular Columns, Thong M. Pham, Muhammad N. S Hadi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This study establishes a confinement model for FRP confined normal- and high-strength concrete circular columns. A new column parameter was suggested for estimating the compressive strength of FRP confined concrete. The proposed model is able to predict the ultimate condition of FRP confined concrete columns that have similar unconfined concrete strength and confining pressure but significant differences in the jacket stiffness. The proposed model was then verified using a database of 574 FRP confined concrete circular columns with different types of FRP. This database covers unconfined concrete strength between 15 MPa and 170 MPa and specimens with a diameter ranging ...


High Throughput Extraction Of Plasma Using A Secondary Flow-Aided Inertial Microfluidic Device, Jun Zhang, Sheng Yan, Weihua Li, Gursel Alici, Nam-Trung Nguyen Jan 2014

High Throughput Extraction Of Plasma Using A Secondary Flow-Aided Inertial Microfluidic Device, Jun Zhang, Sheng Yan, Weihua Li, Gursel Alici, Nam-Trung Nguyen

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In this paper, we report the development of a simple inertial microfluidic device with a serpentine channel for efficiently separating blood cells from plasma. The working mechanism of this device relies on the two-sided secondary flow aided inertial focusing of particles in a serpentine channel. Specifically, blood cells were focused along two sides of the channel, while the blood plasma was collected at the cell-free region within the channel centre. The device was tested with diluted (1/20) whole blood. A relatively high flow rate of 350 μl min−1 with a purity of [similar]99.75% was achieved in ...


Encoding High Dimensional Local Features By Sparse Coding Based Fisher Vectors, Lingqiao Liu, Chunhua Shen, Lei Wang, Anton Van Den Hengel, Chao Wang Jan 2014

Encoding High Dimensional Local Features By Sparse Coding Based Fisher Vectors, Lingqiao Liu, Chunhua Shen, Lei Wang, Anton Van Den Hengel, Chao Wang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Deriving from the gradient vector of a generative model of local features, Fisher vector coding (FVC) has been identified as an effective coding method for image classification. Most, if not all, FVC implementations employ the Gaussian mixture model (GMM) to characterize the generation process of local features. This choice has shown to be sufficient for traditional low dimensional local features, e.g., SIFT; and typically, good performance can be achieved with only a few hundred Gaussian distributions. However, the same number of Gaussians is insufficient to model the feature space spanned by higher dimensional local features, which have become popular ...


Development Of High Melting Temperature Microencapsulated Phase Change Material For Compacted Thermal Energy Storage Bed, Weiguang Su, Jo Darkwa, Georgios Kokogiannakis Jan 2014

Development Of High Melting Temperature Microencapsulated Phase Change Material For Compacted Thermal Energy Storage Bed, Weiguang Su, Jo Darkwa, Georgios Kokogiannakis

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In this paper a novel high temperature microencapsulated phase change material (MEPCM) based on paraffin as the core material and MF resin as the shell material has been developed with the in-situ polymerization method for solar hot water storage application. The results showed that the type of emulsifier could influence core material content, the encapsulation efficiency as well as the latent heat capacity. Based on the results and analysis the study has shown that energy storage density could be increased by as much as 59% if 60wt% of MEPCM 1 was to be used in the proposed compacted MEPCM-water bed ...


Study On Hot-Working Behavior Of High Carbon Steel / Low Carbon Steel Composite Material Using Processing Map, Xingjian Gao, Zhengyi Jiang, Dongbin Wei, Sihai Jiao, Dengfu Chen Jan 2014

Study On Hot-Working Behavior Of High Carbon Steel / Low Carbon Steel Composite Material Using Processing Map, Xingjian Gao, Zhengyi Jiang, Dongbin Wei, Sihai Jiao, Dengfu Chen

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The high carbon steel (HCS)/low carbon steel (LCS) laminated composite made by centrifugal casting technology was subjected to hot compression tests on Gleeble 3500 thermomechanical simulator in a range of temperatures (800-1100 oC) and strain rates (0.02-10 s-1). The hot-working behavior of the laminate was characterised by analysing the flow stress-strain curves and constructing the processing map based on dynamic materials model via superimposing efficiency of power dissipation and flow instability maps. The safe and unsafe processing conditions were identified in the processing map which was validated by microstructural examinations. Banded microstructure and micro-shear cracks occurred in the ...


Effects Of Temperature And Strain Rate On Microstructure And Mechanical Properties Of High Chromium Cast Iron/Low Carbon Steel Bimetal Prepared By Hot Diffusion-Compression Bonding, Xingjian Gao, Zhengyi Jiang, Dongbin Wei, Sihai Jiao, Dengfu Chen, Jianzhong Xu, Xiaoming Zhang, Dianyao Gong Jan 2014

Effects Of Temperature And Strain Rate On Microstructure And Mechanical Properties Of High Chromium Cast Iron/Low Carbon Steel Bimetal Prepared By Hot Diffusion-Compression Bonding, Xingjian Gao, Zhengyi Jiang, Dongbin Wei, Sihai Jiao, Dengfu Chen, Jianzhong Xu, Xiaoming Zhang, Dianyao Gong

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The objective of this study is to develop a hot diffusion-compression bonding process for cladding low carbon steel (LCS) to high chromium cast iron (HCCI) in solid-state. The influence of temperature (950-1150 degrees C) and strain rate (0.001-1 s (1)) on microstructure, hardness and bond strength of the HCCI/LCS bimetal were investigated. The interface microstructure reveals that the unbonded region can only be found for 950 degrees C due to lack of diffusion, while the intergrowth between the constituent metals occurred at and above 1100 degrees C. When bonding temperature increases to 1150 degrees C, a carbide-free zone ...


The Formation Of Complex Microstructures After Different Deformation Modes In Advanced High-Strength Steels, Ilana Timokhina, Elena V. Pereloma, Peter Hodgson Jan 2014

The Formation Of Complex Microstructures After Different Deformation Modes In Advanced High-Strength Steels, Ilana Timokhina, Elena V. Pereloma, Peter Hodgson

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The microstructure of transformation induced plasticity (TRIP) and dual phase (DP) multiphase steels after stamping of an industrial component at different strain levels was investigated using transmission electron microscopy. The TRIP steel microstructure showed a more complex dislocation substructure of ferrite at different strain levels than DP steel. The deformation microstructure of the stamped parts was compared to the deformation microstructure in these complex steels for different "equivalent" tensile strains. It was found that the microstructures are similar only at high levels of strain (>10 pct) for both steels.


Over-Voltage Mitigation Within Distribution Networks With A High Renewable Distributed Generation Penetration, Joel Kennedy, Philip Ciufo, Ashish Agalgaonkar Jan 2014

Over-Voltage Mitigation Within Distribution Networks With A High Renewable Distributed Generation Penetration, Joel Kennedy, Philip Ciufo, Ashish Agalgaonkar

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The rapid growth of grid-connected distributed generation has increased the likelihood of over-voltage occurrences in distribution networks. In recent times, much research has taken place in order to develop a control strategy to mitigate the voltage rise problem. However, most of the published strategies require re-tuning when additional resources are connected, or have a strong dependence on network parameters, such as fault level. This paper proposes a novel over-voltage mitigation scheme that has many advantages not observed in literature. Firstly, the control scheme can integrate with an existing feeder in a plug-and-play fashion. No prior analysis is necessary to configure ...


Potential Of Fluid Pressure Use For Achieving High Formability In Micro Sheet Forming Process, Hideki Sato, Kenichi Manabe, Dongbin Wei, Zhengyi Jiang, Daiki Kondo Jan 2014

Potential Of Fluid Pressure Use For Achieving High Formability In Micro Sheet Forming Process, Hideki Sato, Kenichi Manabe, Dongbin Wei, Zhengyi Jiang, Daiki Kondo

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This study decsribesa potential offluid pressure in micro hydromechanical deep drawingto achieve high formability. The FE simulation is carried out using the stainless steel foil with 50μm thickness. The friction holding effect can be obtained by applying the fluid pressure and it becomes high at high D p/t in MHDD. By applying the counter and radial pressure in MHDD, the desired lubrication condition can be obtained and the friction force can be reduced. By the friction holding effect and lubrication effect in MHDD, the micro cups can be successful fabricated in MHDD. Consequently, it is clarify that the fluid ...