Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Effect

Articles 1 - 30 of 73

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Effect Of Scattered Electrons On The 'Magic Plate' Transmission Array Detector Response, Z A. Alrowaili, Michael L. F Lerch, Marco Petasecca, Martin G. Carolan, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld Jan 2017

Effect Of Scattered Electrons On The 'Magic Plate' Transmission Array Detector Response, Z A. Alrowaili, Michael L. F Lerch, Marco Petasecca, Martin G. Carolan, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Transmission type detectors can provide a measure of the energy fluence and if they are real-time systems that do not significantly attenuate the radiation beam have a distinct advantage over the current method as Quality Assurance (QA) could in principle be done during the actual patient treatment. The use of diode arrays in QA holds much promise due to real-time operation and feedback when compared to other methods e.g. films which are not real-time. The goal of this work is to describe the characterization of the radiation response of a silicon diode array called the Magic Plate (MP) when ...


Effect Of Mineral Matter On The Reactivity Of Coke And Its Replication In A Coke Analogue, Raymond Longbottom, Brian J. Monaghan, Azrin A. Chowdhury, Mark H. Reid, Guangqing Zhang, Merrick R. Mahoney, Kim Hockings Jan 2016

Effect Of Mineral Matter On The Reactivity Of Coke And Its Replication In A Coke Analogue, Raymond Longbottom, Brian J. Monaghan, Azrin A. Chowdhury, Mark H. Reid, Guangqing Zhang, Merrick R. Mahoney, Kim Hockings

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The reactivity of coke analogues doped with minerals to mimic the mineralogy of specific industrial cokes was compared with the reactivity of the industrial cokes. The reactivity was assessed in a pseudo-CRI type test. This involved reacting the carbonaceous materials (analogue and industrial coke) in CO2 at 1 100°C in a thermos-gravimetric system. In this comparison, the mineral matter added to the coke analogue was prepared from ashing of the industrial cokes. A distinct ranking of reactivity for the industrial cokes was determined to be coke A < coke B < coke C. The high reactivity of coke C was attributed to the high iron content in its ash. The higher reactivity of coke B over coke A was attributed to its higher porosity and lower rank (of the original coal carbon type) of the industrial cokes. The coke analogue replicated the increased reactivity of coke C over cokes A and B, indicating that the coke analogue is able to some extent to replicate the effect of coke mineralogy on coke reactivity in CO2. The use of the coke analogue allowed assessment of the difference in the reactivities of cokes A and B. When porosity and carbon type were fixed by use of the analogue, the reactivities of the analogues of cokes A and B were found to be similar.


Effect Of Grain Size On Springback And System Energy In Micro V-Bending With Phosphor Bronze Foil, Zhi Fang, Zhengyi Jiang, Xiaogang Wang, Cunlong Zhou, Xianming Zhao, Xiaoming Zhang, Di Wu Jan 2016

Effect Of Grain Size On Springback And System Energy In Micro V-Bending With Phosphor Bronze Foil, Zhi Fang, Zhengyi Jiang, Xiaogang Wang, Cunlong Zhou, Xianming Zhao, Xiaoming Zhang, Di Wu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In this paper, the effect of grain size on springback in the micro V-bending process of phosphor bronze foil (face-centered cubic structure) is investigated. Grain size effect is expressed by the ratio of material thickness (T) to average grain size (D), and these T/D values are divided into three groups: larger than 1, less than 1, and approximately equal to 1. It has been found that springback angles were the lowest when T/D ≈ 1. Electron backscattering diffraction (EBSD) measurement results show that the twinning boundaries change with the ratios of T/D before and after bending. When T ...


Coupled Grain Boundary Motion In Aluminium: The Effect Of Structural Multiplicity, Kuiyu Cheng, Liang Zhang, Cheng Lu, Anh Kiet Tieu Jan 2016

Coupled Grain Boundary Motion In Aluminium: The Effect Of Structural Multiplicity, Kuiyu Cheng, Liang Zhang, Cheng Lu, Anh Kiet Tieu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The shear-induced coupled grain boundary motion plays an important role in the deformation of nanocrystalline (NC) materials. It has been known that the atomic structure of the grain boundary (GB) is not necessarily unique for a given set of misorientation and inclination of the boundary plane. However, the effect of the structural multiplicity of the GB on its coupled motion has not been reported. In the present study we investigated the structural multiplicity of the symmetric tilt Σ 5(310) boundary in aluminium and its influence on the GB behaviour at a temperature range of 300 K-600 K using molecular ...


Experimental And Numerical Study On The Effect Of Zddp Films On Sticking During Hot Rolling Of Ferritic Stainless Steel Strip, Liang Hao, Zhengyi Jiang, Dongbin Wei, Dianyao Gong, Xiawei Cheng, Jingwei Zhao, Suzhen Luo, Laizhu Jiang Jan 2016

Experimental And Numerical Study On The Effect Of Zddp Films On Sticking During Hot Rolling Of Ferritic Stainless Steel Strip, Liang Hao, Zhengyi Jiang, Dongbin Wei, Dianyao Gong, Xiawei Cheng, Jingwei Zhao, Suzhen Luo, Laizhu Jiang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of zinc dialkyl dithio phosphate (ZDDP) films on sticking during hot rolling of a ferritic stainless steel strip. The surface characterization and crack propagation of the oxide scale are very important for understanding the mechanism of the sticking. The high-temperature oxidation of one typical ferritic stainless was conducted at 1373 K (1100 °C) for understanding its microstructure and surface morphology. Hot-rolling tests of a ferritic stainless steel strip show that no obvious cracks among the oxide scale were observed with the application of ZDDP. A finite element method model was ...


Effect Of Deformation On Microstructure And Mechanical Properties Of Dual Phase Steel Produced Via Strip Casting Simulation, Zhiping Xiong, Andrii Kostryzhev, Nicole Stanford, Elena V. Pereloma Jan 2016

Effect Of Deformation On Microstructure And Mechanical Properties Of Dual Phase Steel Produced Via Strip Casting Simulation, Zhiping Xiong, Andrii Kostryzhev, Nicole Stanford, Elena V. Pereloma

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The strip casting is a recently appeared technology with a potential to significantly reduce energy consumption in steel production, compared to hot rolling and cold rolling. However, the quantitative dependences of the steel microstructure and mechanical properties on strip casting parameters are unknown and require investigation. In the present work we studied the effects of strain and interrupted cooling temperature on microstructure and mechanical properties in conventional dual phase steel (0.08C-0.81Si-1.47Mn-0.03Al wt%). The strip casting process was simulated using a Gleeble 3500 thermo-mechanical simulator. The steel microstructures were studied using optical, scanning and transmission electron microscopy ...


Effect Of Cyano Dipolar Groups On The Performance Of Lithium-Ion Battery Electrospun Polyimide Gel Electrolyte Membranes, A Maceiras, A Goren, Vitor Sencadas, Carlos M. Costa, J L. Vilas, Senentxu Lanceros-Méndez, L M. Leon Jan 2016

Effect Of Cyano Dipolar Groups On The Performance Of Lithium-Ion Battery Electrospun Polyimide Gel Electrolyte Membranes, A Maceiras, A Goren, Vitor Sencadas, Carlos M. Costa, J L. Vilas, Senentxu Lanceros-Méndez, L M. Leon

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Three polyimide membranes (polymer 0CN, copolymers 0CN/2CN (50/50) and polymer 2CN), with and without [Formula presented] dipolar groups, have been prepared by electrospinning and evaluated as lithium-ion battery separators. The prepared membranes show average fiber diameters between 0.5 and 1.09 μm and a degree of porosity of ~ 80%. The thermal stability, uptake, tortuosity and ionic conductivity values are influenced by the presence of the [Formula presented] dipolar groups in the polyimide polymer chain. The best battery performance in LFP/Li system is obtained for the 0CN sample, which shows discharge capacity values of 149.7 mAh ...


The Effect Of Respiratory Induced Density Variations On Non-Tof Pet Quantitation In The Lung, Beverley F. Holman, Vesna Cuplov, Brian F. Hutton, Ashley M. Groves, Kris Thielemans Jan 2016

The Effect Of Respiratory Induced Density Variations On Non-Tof Pet Quantitation In The Lung, Beverley F. Holman, Vesna Cuplov, Brian F. Hutton, Ashley M. Groves, Kris Thielemans

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Accurate PET quantitation requires a matched attenuation map. Obtaining matched CT attenuation maps in the thorax is difficult due to the respiratory cycle which causes both motion and density changes. Unlike with motion, little attention has been given to the effects of density changes in the lung on PET quantitation. This work aims to explore the extent of the errors caused by pulmonary density attenuation map mismatch on dynamic and static parameter estimates. Dynamic XCAT phantoms were utilised using clinically relevant 18F-FDG and 18F-FMISO time activity curves for all organs within the thorax to estimate the expected parameter errors. The ...


The Bulk-Edge Correspondence For The Quantum Hall Effect In Kasparov Theory, Christopher J. Bourne, Alan L. Carey, Adam C. Rennie Jan 2015

The Bulk-Edge Correspondence For The Quantum Hall Effect In Kasparov Theory, Christopher J. Bourne, Alan L. Carey, Adam C. Rennie

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

We prove the bulk-edge correspondence in K-theory for the quantum Hall effect by constructing an unbounded Kasparov module from a short exact sequence that links the bulk and boundary algebras. This approach allows us to represent bulk topological invariants explicitly as a Kasparov product of boundary invariants with the extension class linking the algebras. This paper focuses on the example of the discrete integer quantum Hall effect, though our general method potentially has much wider applications.


Grain Size Effect Of Thickness/Average Grain Size On Mechanical Behaviour, Fracture Mechanism And Constitutive Model For Phosphor Bronze Foil, Zhi Fang, Zhengyi Jiang, Xiaogang Wang, Cunlong Zhou, Dongbin Wei, Xianghua Liu Jan 2015

Grain Size Effect Of Thickness/Average Grain Size On Mechanical Behaviour, Fracture Mechanism And Constitutive Model For Phosphor Bronze Foil, Zhi Fang, Zhengyi Jiang, Xiaogang Wang, Cunlong Zhou, Dongbin Wei, Xianghua Liu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Size effects play a significant role in microforming process, and any dimensional change can have a great impact on materials' mechanical properties. In this paper, the size effects on deformation behaviour and fracture of phosphor foil were investigated in the form of grain size effect: the ratio of materials' thickness (T) to average grain size (D) by micro tensile tests. The ratio was designed to be closed to but larger than, less than and equal to 1, respectively. The results show that the amount of plastic deformation decreases with the decrease of the ratio of T/D, which indicates that ...


Effect Of Temperature On Microstructure And Deformation Mechanism Of Fe-30mn-3si-4al Twip Steel At Strain Rate Of 700 S-1, Zhiping Xiong, Xue-Ping Ren, Jian Shu, Zhe-Lei Wang, Wei-Ping Bao, Shu-Xia Li Jan 2015

Effect Of Temperature On Microstructure And Deformation Mechanism Of Fe-30mn-3si-4al Twip Steel At Strain Rate Of 700 S-1, Zhiping Xiong, Xue-Ping Ren, Jian Shu, Zhe-Lei Wang, Wei-Ping Bao, Shu-Xia Li

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

As twinning-induced plasticity (TWIP) steel is one potential material for shaped charge liner due to the combination of high strength and high plasticity, deformation mechanism at high strain rate and high temperature is required to study. Compression experiments of Fe-30Mn-3Si-4Al TWIP steel were conducted using a Gleeble-1500 thermal simulation machine and a split-Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB) between 298 and 1073 K at strain rates of 10-3 and 700 s-1, respectively. Microstructures were observed using optical microscopy (OM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Results show that flow stress and densities of deformation twins and dislocations decrease with increasing deformation temperature at ...


The Effect Of Geometry And Material Properties On The Performance Of A Small Hydraulic Mckibben Muscle System, Danial Sangian, Sina Naficy, Geoffrey M. Spinks, Bertrand Tondu Jan 2015

The Effect Of Geometry And Material Properties On The Performance Of A Small Hydraulic Mckibben Muscle System, Danial Sangian, Sina Naficy, Geoffrey M. Spinks, Bertrand Tondu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Fluidic McKibben artificial muscles are one of the most popular biomimetic actuators, showing similar static and dynamic performance to skeletal muscles. In particular, their pneumatic version offers high-generated force, high speed and high strain in comparison to other actuators. This paper investigates the development of a small-size, fully enclosed, hydraulic McKibben muscle powered by a low voltage pump. Hydraulic McKibben muscles with an outside diameter of 6 mm and a length ranging from 35 mm to 80 mm were investigated. These muscles are able to generate forces up to 26 N, strains up to 23%, power to mass of 30 ...


Effect Of Mesh On Springback In 3d Finite Element Analysis Of Flexible Microrolling, Feijun Qu, Zhengyi Jiang, Haina Lu Jan 2015

Effect Of Mesh On Springback In 3d Finite Element Analysis Of Flexible Microrolling, Feijun Qu, Zhengyi Jiang, Haina Lu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In flexible microrolling, springback in thickness direction is a critical indicator to determine the forming quality. Accurate prediction of springback is one of the significant aspects in the finite element analysis of flexible microrolling. Meshing is a step of great importance in finite element analysis of manufacturing process as it directly determines the accuracy of the FEA results as well as the requested computational time. This paper presents a numerical study on revealing the mesh effects on the accuracy of springback estimation utilising ABAQUS/Standard for modelling and analyses. Two types of meshes with six mesh sizes for each mesh ...


Effect Of Pre-Quenching Process On Microstructure And Mechanical Properties In A Nb-Microalloyed Low Carbon Q-P Steel, Jun Zhang, Hua Ding, Jingwei Zhao Jan 2015

Effect Of Pre-Quenching Process On Microstructure And Mechanical Properties In A Nb-Microalloyed Low Carbon Q-P Steel, Jun Zhang, Hua Ding, Jingwei Zhao

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A refined microstructure consisting of martensite and retained austenite at room temperature has been produced in a Nb-microalloyed low carbon Si-Mn steel by a novel heat-treatment, pre-quenching prior to quenching and partitioning processes (Q&Q-P). The results showed that compared with the conventional quenching and partitioning steel the mechanical properties of steel obtained by the novel treatment have been significantly improved, with a good combination of ultimate tensile strength (1000MPa) and total elongation (above 30%). Meanwhile, the volume fraction of retained austenite has been increased. It was found that the improvement of mechanical properties was mainly attributed to the enhanced ...


Effect Of Extreme Pressure Additives On The Deformation Behavior Of Oxide Scale During The Hot Rolling Of Ferritic Stainless Steel Strips, Liang Hao, Zhengyi Jiang, Xiawei Cheng, Jingwei Zhao, Dongbin Wei, Laizhu Jiang, Suzhen Luo, Ming Luo, Li Ma Jan 2015

Effect Of Extreme Pressure Additives On The Deformation Behavior Of Oxide Scale During The Hot Rolling Of Ferritic Stainless Steel Strips, Liang Hao, Zhengyi Jiang, Xiawei Cheng, Jingwei Zhao, Dongbin Wei, Laizhu Jiang, Suzhen Luo, Ming Luo, Li Ma

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

High-speed steel (HSS) materials are universally used as work rolls for the hot rolling of stainless steels. Their use has increased the output of the rolling mill and decreased roll material consumption and grinding. Sticking defects often occur, however, during the hot rolling process. In this article, extreme pressure (EP) additives were dropped on the HSS samples at high temperature. Zinc dialkyl dithiophosphate (ZDDP) was chosen as the most effective EP additive by scratch tests on the HSS samples. In order to determine the optimum proportion of ZDDP in the lubricant, two reduction rates were tested on a Hille 100 ...


The Effect Of Nb On The Continuous Cooling Transformation Curves Of Ultra-Thin Strip Castrip© Steels, Kristin R. Carpenter, Chris R. Killmore Jan 2015

The Effect Of Nb On The Continuous Cooling Transformation Curves Of Ultra-Thin Strip Castrip© Steels, Kristin R. Carpenter, Chris R. Killmore

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The effect of Nb on the hardenability of ultra-thin cast strip (UCS) steels produced via the unique regime of rapid solidification, large austenite grain size, and inclusion engineering of the CASTRIP© process was investigated. Continuous cooling transformation (CCT) diagrams were constructed for 0, 0.014, 0.024, 0.04, 0.06 and 0.08 wt% Nb containing UCS steels. Phase nomenclature for the identification of lower transformation product in low carbon steels was reviewed. Even a small addition of 0.014 wt% Nb showed a potent effect on hardenability, shifting the ferrite C-curve to the right and expanding the bainitic ...


Improved Correction For The Tissue Fraction Effect In Lung Pet/Ct Imaging, Beverley F. Holman, Vesna Cuplov, Lynn Millner, Brian F. Hutton, Toby M. Maher, Ashley M. Groves, Kris Thielemans Jan 2015

Improved Correction For The Tissue Fraction Effect In Lung Pet/Ct Imaging, Beverley F. Holman, Vesna Cuplov, Lynn Millner, Brian F. Hutton, Toby M. Maher, Ashley M. Groves, Kris Thielemans

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Recently, there has been an increased interest in imaging different pulmonary disorders using PET techniques. Previous work has shown, for static PET/CT, that air content in the lung influences reconstructed image values and that it is vital to correct for this 'tissue fraction effect' (TFE). In this paper, we extend this work to include the blood component and also investigate the TFE in dynamic imaging. CT imaging and PET kinetic modelling are used to determine fractional air and blood voxel volumes in six patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. These values are used to illustrate best and worst case scenarios ...


Numerical Modeling Of Size Effect In Micro Hydromechanical Deep Drawing, Hideki Sato, Ken-Ichi Manabe, Dongbin Wei, Zhengyi Jiang Jan 2014

Numerical Modeling Of Size Effect In Micro Hydromechanical Deep Drawing, Hideki Sato, Ken-Ichi Manabe, Dongbin Wei, Zhengyi Jiang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A modeling of tribological size effects in micro deep drawing (MDD) and micro hydromechanical deep drawing (MHDD) is a main focus in this study. The inner and outer pockets in which the different friction coefficients can be applied at different lubrication conditions are considered on the blank surface. The ratio of the area of outer pockets to inner pockets is changed with the decrease in the size. The low friction coefficient at the outer pockets is assumed in MHDD by considering the lubrication effect of fluid medium. The numerical analysis is performed under six lubrication conditions. The analytical results of ...


Effect Of Austenite Deformation Temperature On Nb Clustering And Precipitation In Microalloyed Steel, E V Pereloma, A G Kostryzhev, A Alshahrani, C Zhu, J M. Cairney, C R. Killmore, S P. Ringer Jan 2014

Effect Of Austenite Deformation Temperature On Nb Clustering And Precipitation In Microalloyed Steel, E V Pereloma, A G Kostryzhev, A Alshahrani, C Zhu, J M. Cairney, C R. Killmore, S P. Ringer

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The effect of thermomechanical processing conditions on Nb clustering and precipitation in both austenite and ferrite in a Nb-Ti microalloyed steel was studied using electron microscopy and atom probe tomography. A decrease in the deformation temperature increased the Nb-rich precipitation in austenite and decreased the extent of precipitation in ferrite. Microstructural mechanisms that explain this variation are discussed. 2013 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Numerical Study On Springback With Size Effect In Micro V-Bending, Zhi Fang, Haina Lu, Dongbin Wei, Zhengyi Jiang, Xianming Zhao, Di Wu Jan 2014

Numerical Study On Springback With Size Effect In Micro V-Bending, Zhi Fang, Haina Lu, Dongbin Wei, Zhengyi Jiang, Xianming Zhao, Di Wu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

With the development of microforming technology, the demand on accuracy of the metallic micro components is elevating. While springback phenomenon which is inevitable during bending process, can cause unpredicted dimensional error, bringing difficulties to the downstream assembly, and let alone the springback in microforming as the measurements of tools and workpieces downsize hundreds even thousands times. This paper focuses on the springback effect that occurs after the micro Vbending a classic processing method to manufacture microparts. Numerical simulation has been conducted to investigate the size effect in terms of Voronoi tessellation and springback. A finite element (FE) model of the ...


The Effect Of Processing Parameters On The Microstructure And Mechanical Properties Of Low-Si Transformation-Induced Plasticity Steels, Fayez Alharbi, Azdiar A. Gazder, Andrii Kostryzhev, Bruno C. De Cooman, Elena Pereloma Jan 2014

The Effect Of Processing Parameters On The Microstructure And Mechanical Properties Of Low-Si Transformation-Induced Plasticity Steels, Fayez Alharbi, Azdiar A. Gazder, Andrii Kostryzhev, Bruno C. De Cooman, Elena Pereloma

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A base low Si, high-A1 transformation-induced plasticity (TRIP) steel and one with 0.03Nb and 0.002Ti (wt percent) additions were subjected to thermo-mechanical processing (TMP) and galvanising simulations. T


Effect Of Holding Temperature And Time On Ferrite Formation In Dual Phase Steel Produced By Strip Casting, Zhiping Xiong, Andrii Kostryzhev, Nicole Stanford, Elena V. Pereloma Jan 2014

Effect Of Holding Temperature And Time On Ferrite Formation In Dual Phase Steel Produced By Strip Casting, Zhiping Xiong, Andrii Kostryzhev, Nicole Stanford, Elena V. Pereloma

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Conventional dual phase (DP) steel (0.08C-0.81Si-1.47Mn-0.03Al, wt. %) was manufactured by the laboratory simulation of strip casting. The effect of holding temperature and time on microstructure evolution was studied using a quench-deformation dilatometer. Microstructures were observed using optical and scanning electron microscopy. The results showed that the nose temperature of ferrite phase field is around 650 °C. The kinetics of ferrite formation is fast within the first 100 s of holding at this temperature, and then formation of ferrite continues at a slower rate until it reaches the fraction corresponding to that defined by the lever rule ...


Photonic Aharonov-Bohm Effect In Photon-Phonon Interactions, Enbang Li, Benjamin J. Eggleton, Kejie Fang, Shanhui Fan Jan 2014

Photonic Aharonov-Bohm Effect In Photon-Phonon Interactions, Enbang Li, Benjamin J. Eggleton, Kejie Fang, Shanhui Fan

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The Aharonov-Bohm effect is one of the most intriguing phenomena in both classical and quantum physics, and associates with a number of important and fundamental issues in quantum mechanics. The Aharonov-Bohm effects of charged particles have been experimentally demonstrated and found applications in various fields. Recently, attention has also focused on the Aharonov-Bohm effect for neutral particles, such as photons. Here we propose to utilize the photon-phonon interactions to demonstrate that photonic Aharonov-Bohm effects do exist for photons. By introducing nonreciprocal phases for photons, we observe experimentally a gauge potential for photons in the visible range based on the photon-phonon ...


The Effect Of Ageing On Microstructure And Mechanical Properties Of Powder Ti-5al-5mo-5v-1cr-1fe Alloy, Mansur Ahmed, Dmytro Savvakin, Orest M. Ivasishin, E V. Pereloma Jan 2014

The Effect Of Ageing On Microstructure And Mechanical Properties Of Powder Ti-5al-5mo-5v-1cr-1fe Alloy, Mansur Ahmed, Dmytro Savvakin, Orest M. Ivasishin, E V. Pereloma

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The thermo-mechanically processed powder Ti-5Al-5V-5Mo-1Cr-1Fe alloy was aged at 9.23 K for 1-8 h in order to investigate the effect of ageing time on the microstructure-mechanical properties relationships. The microstructures of the alloy after ageing cosist of the both primary and secondary alpha phases with retained B matrix phase. The shift of B peaks in X-ray pattern with ageing time indicates an increase in lattice parameter distorition due to diffusion into the retained B phase of more B stabilisers with smaller atomic radius compared to the elemental Ti. The tensile test results indicate that the sample aged for 1 ...


Effect Of Niobium Clustering And Precipitation On Strength Of A Nbti-Microalloyed Ferritic Steel, Andrii Kostryzhev, Abdullah Alshahrani, Chen Zhu, Julie Cairney, Simon Peter Ringer, Chris Killmore, E V. Pereloma Jan 2014

Effect Of Niobium Clustering And Precipitation On Strength Of A Nbti-Microalloyed Ferritic Steel, Andrii Kostryzhev, Abdullah Alshahrani, Chen Zhu, Julie Cairney, Simon Peter Ringer, Chris Killmore, E V. Pereloma

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The microstructure-property relationship of an NbTi-microalloyed ferritic steel was studied as a function of thermo-mechanical schedule using Gleeble 3500 simulator, optical and scanning electron microscope, and atom probe tomography.


Enhancement Of Trace Organic Contaminant Degradation By Crude Enzyme Extract From Trametes Versicolor Culture: Effect Of Mediator Type And Concentration, Ngoc Luong Nguyen, Faisal Ibney Hai, Jinguo Kang, Frederic Leusch, Felicity Roddick, S Faraj Magram, William Price, Long Nghiem Jan 2014

Enhancement Of Trace Organic Contaminant Degradation By Crude Enzyme Extract From Trametes Versicolor Culture: Effect Of Mediator Type And Concentration, Ngoc Luong Nguyen, Faisal Ibney Hai, Jinguo Kang, Frederic Leusch, Felicity Roddick, S Faraj Magram, William Price, Long Nghiem

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The performance of two redox mediating compounds, namely 1-hydroxybenzotriazole (HBT) and syringaldehyde (SA), was compared in terms of enhancement of enzymatic degradation of a diverse set of 14 phenolic and 16 non-phenolic trace organic contaminants (TrOCs) and the toxicity of the treated media. Extracellular enzyme extract (predominantly containing laccase) from Trametes versicolor culture achieved efficient degradation (70-95%) of nine phenolic and one non-phenolic TrOCs. Mediator dosing extended the spectrum of efficiently degraded TrOCs to 13 phenolic and three non-phenolic compounds, with moderate improvements in removal of a few other non-phenolic compounds. TrOC removal efficiency improved significantly as the HBT dose ...


Effect Of A Grain-Refined Microalloyed Steel Substrate On The Formation Mechanism Of A Tight Oxide Scale, Xianglong Yu, Zhengyi Jiang, Jingwei Zhao, Dongbin Wei, Cunlong Zhou, Qingxue Huang Jan 2014

Effect Of A Grain-Refined Microalloyed Steel Substrate On The Formation Mechanism Of A Tight Oxide Scale, Xianglong Yu, Zhengyi Jiang, Jingwei Zhao, Dongbin Wei, Cunlong Zhou, Qingxue Huang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The formation mechanism of tight oxide scale on the microalloyed steel was investigated at temperatures of 550-850 °C in dry air. Microstructural characterisations reveal that the spallation of oxide scale dominates at the centre of coarse grains on the oxidation initiation. The fine-grained steel improves the adhesive properties of oxide scale by enhanced grain-boundary diffusion. The lower activation energy and higher oxidation rate accelerate cation/anion migration along grain boundaries, leading to high magnetite content in the oxide scale. The approach by grain refinement at initial oxidation has been proposed to generate the pickle-free tight oxide scale.


Effect Of Directional Solidification Rate On The Microstructure And Properties Of Deformation-Processed Cu-7cr-0.1ag In Situ Composites, Keming Liu, Zhengyi Jiang, Jingwei Zhao, Jin Zou, Zhibao Chen, Deping Lu Jan 2014

Effect Of Directional Solidification Rate On The Microstructure And Properties Of Deformation-Processed Cu-7cr-0.1ag In Situ Composites, Keming Liu, Zhengyi Jiang, Jingwei Zhao, Jin Zou, Zhibao Chen, Deping Lu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The influence of directional solidification rate on the microstructure, mechanical properties and conductivity of deformation-processed Cu-7Cr-0.1Ag in situ composites produced by thermo-mechanical processing was systematically investigated. The microstructure was analyzed by optical microscopy and scanning electronic microscopy. The mechanical properties and conductivity were evaluated by tensile-testing machine and micro-ohmmeter, respectively. The results indicate that the size, shape and distribution of second-phase Cr grains are significantly different in the Cu-7Cr-0.1Ag alloys with different growth rates. At a growth rate of 200 μm s-1, the Cr grains transform into fine Cr fiber-like grains parallel to the pulling direction from the ...


Effect Of Confining Pressure And Frequency On The Deformation Of Ballast, Pramod Kumar Thakur, Jayan Sylaja Vinod, Buddhima Indraratna Jan 2013

Effect Of Confining Pressure And Frequency On The Deformation Of Ballast, Pramod Kumar Thakur, Jayan Sylaja Vinod, Buddhima Indraratna

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Increasing the speed and frequency of trains with the same static axle weight imparts higher dynamic axle loads more frequently. When this occurs on existing track which has not been designed for such loading there can be increased rates of ballast degradation, characterised by unacceptable deformation and lateral spread, leading to more frequent requirements for track maintenance. Recent studies carried out at the University of Wollongong highlighted that confining pressure and frequency have a significant influence on the permanent deformation and degradation of ballast. However, confinement required to keep the deformation and degradation of the ballasted track to an acceptable ...


The Joint Effect Of Image Blur And Illumination Distortions For Mobile Visual Search Of Print Media, Yi Cao, Christian Ritz, Raad Raad Jan 2013

The Joint Effect Of Image Blur And Illumination Distortions For Mobile Visual Search Of Print Media, Yi Cao, Christian Ritz, Raad Raad

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Mobile Visual Search (MVS) is an emerging area of research given the explosion of smart and powerful mobile devices. Typically, the performance of MVS applications is influenced by the implemented image processing algorithms as well as various distortions that occur when capturing images by the mobile camera. This paper examines the joint effect of two common distortions, namely the illumination changes and image blurring on image matching accuracy for print media when using four state-of-the art local feature algorithms. Results obtained for a database of real camera images captured by two different camera models show that the illumination changes have ...