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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Using Cost-Sensitive Learning And Feature Selection Algorithms To Improve The Performance Of Imbalanced Classification, Fang Feng, Kuan-Ching Li, Jun Shen, Qingguo Zhou, Xuhui Yang Jan 2020

Using Cost-Sensitive Learning And Feature Selection Algorithms To Improve The Performance Of Imbalanced Classification, Fang Feng, Kuan-Ching Li, Jun Shen, Qingguo Zhou, Xuhui Yang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Imbalanced data problem is widely present in network intrusion detection, spam filtering, biomedical engineering, finance, science, being a challenge in many real-life data-intensive applications. Classifier bias occurs when traditional classification algorithms are used to deal with imbalanced data. As already known, the General Vector Machine (GVM) algorithm has good generalization ability, though it does not work well for the imbalanced classification. Additionally, the state-of-the-art Binary Ant Lion Optimizer (BALO) algorithm has high exploitability and fast convergence rate. Based on these facts, we have proposed in this paper a Cost-sensitive Feature selection General Vector Machine (CFGVM) algorithm based on GVM and ...


Microstructural Evolution Of Hybrid Aluminum Matrix Composites Reinforced With Sic Nanoparticles And Graphene/Graphite Prepared By Powder Metallurgy, Jiangshan Zhang, Qing Liu, Shufeng Yang, Zhixin Chen, Qiang Liu, Zhengyi Jiang Jan 2020

Microstructural Evolution Of Hybrid Aluminum Matrix Composites Reinforced With Sic Nanoparticles And Graphene/Graphite Prepared By Powder Metallurgy, Jiangshan Zhang, Qing Liu, Shufeng Yang, Zhixin Chen, Qiang Liu, Zhengyi Jiang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

© 2020 Chinese Materials Research Society The dispersion of ceramic nanoparticles is of significance to the microstructure and properties of particulate reinforced metal matrix composites. In this study, two hybrid enhancers, SiC-graphite and SiC-graphene nanosheets (GNSs), were incorporated into aluminum matrix composites using powder metallurgy. The dispersion of the reinforcements and microstructural evolution of the composites were characterized by using Scanning Electron Microscopy, X-Ray Diffraction, Transmission Electron Microscopy, and Raman spectroscopy. The results show that thin GNSs accelerated the deformation of the aluminum particles, and defects were introduced into the carbonaceous phases during the ball milling process. Al4C3 needles generated during ...


An In Situ Synchrotron Study Of The Localized B2↔B19' Phase Transformation In An Ni-Ti Alloy Subjected To Uniaxial Cyclic Loading-Unloading With Incremental Strains, Xiaohui Bian, Ahmed A. Saleh, Peter Lynch, Christopher Davies, Azdiar Adil Gazder, Elena V. Pereloma Jan 2020

An In Situ Synchrotron Study Of The Localized B2↔B19' Phase Transformation In An Ni-Ti Alloy Subjected To Uniaxial Cyclic Loading-Unloading With Incremental Strains, Xiaohui Bian, Ahmed A. Saleh, Peter Lynch, Christopher Davies, Azdiar Adil Gazder, Elena V. Pereloma

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

© 2020. High-resolution in situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction was applied to study a cold-drawn and solution-treated 56Ni-44Tiwt% alloy subjected to uniaxial cyclic loading-unloading with incremental strains. The micro-mechanical behaviour associated with the partial and repeated B2↔B19' phase transformation at the centre of the sample gauge length was studied with respect to the macroscopic stress-strain response. The lattice strains of the (110)B2 and different B19' grain families are affected by (i) the transformation strain, the load-bearing capacity of both phases and the strain continuity maintained at/near the B2-B19' interfaces at the centre of the gauge length, and (ii) the ...


Resilience And Sustainability In The Management Of Landslides, Phillip N. Flentje, Robin N. Chowdhury Jan 2018

Resilience And Sustainability In The Management Of Landslides, Phillip N. Flentje, Robin N. Chowdhury

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

There are many regions worldwide which are susceptible to landslides, which cause loss of life and adverse impacts to infrastructure, environment and communities. Landslides are often triggered by exceptional rainfall and large-magnitude earthquakes. A range of strategies and methods have been developed to mitigate the occurrence of landslides and to reduce their impact, including risk to human safety. The adopted approaches and systems must be sustainable and resilient in relation to the communities that are at risk. This paper refers to an Australian regional case study of urban landslide management in the Wollongong region, New South Wales. The research carried ...


Role Activity Diagram-Based Discrete Event Simulation Model For Healthcare Service Delivery Processes, Nagesh Shukla, John E. Keast, Darek Ceglarek Jan 2017

Role Activity Diagram-Based Discrete Event Simulation Model For Healthcare Service Delivery Processes, Nagesh Shukla, John E. Keast, Darek Ceglarek

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In case of healthcare systems, discrete event simulations are useful techniques to identify problematic process issues. However, currently available simulation models often use a simplified flow chart as an input which represents patient flow obtained from on on-site observations and interviews complemented with historic patient data. This is insufficient in modelling important interactions between clinical staff, equipment and patients causing the resultant models to be incomplete and unrealistic. This in turn leads to oversimplified outputs from any simulations. This paper presents a systematic methodology for the development of discrete event simulation model from process mapping model based on the Role ...


Editorial: Modelling And Simulation In Health Care Systems, Nagesh Shukla, Pascal Perez, Manoj K. Tiwari, Darek Ceglarek, Joana M. Dias Jan 2017

Editorial: Modelling And Simulation In Health Care Systems, Nagesh Shukla, Pascal Perez, Manoj K. Tiwari, Darek Ceglarek, Joana M. Dias

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Increasingly, changes in population demography, technological and medical advancements, and others, have affected the paradigm of health and social care systems worldwide. These changes have direct effect on organisation and working of health care systems whether they are hospitals, general practitioners or long-term care. An efficient and effective health care system is crucial for high quality of the life in the society. In recent times, major challenges faced by health care systems are accurate diagnosis, operational issues (such as bottlenecks, low throughput, low resource utilisation), hospital redesign, workforce planning and scheduling, streamlining of patient flow, performance management, disease monitoring, and ...


Assessing The Vulnerability Of Pumping Stations To Trash Blockage In Coastal Mega-Cities Of Developing Nations, Robert Ighodaro Ogie, Sarah Dunn, Tomas Holderness, Etienne Turpin Jan 2017

Assessing The Vulnerability Of Pumping Stations To Trash Blockage In Coastal Mega-Cities Of Developing Nations, Robert Ighodaro Ogie, Sarah Dunn, Tomas Holderness, Etienne Turpin

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Pumping stations are important flood mitigation infrastructure used in coastal cities to remove accumulating floodwater from low-lying areas, where drainage is naturally poor due to very low slope gradient. In coastal mega-cities situated in developing nations, these pumping stations are often vulnerable to trash blockage as a result of frequent dumping of solid waste in water bodies. Given that blocked pumps are common causes of drainage infrastructure failure, the inability to identify the most vulnerable pumping stations can lead to inefficient allocation of limited resources for preventative maintenance of the drainage system. This study proposes an approach for measuring and ...


Influences Of Temperature And Grain Size On The Material Deformability In Microforming Process, Zhengyi Jiang, Jingwei Zhao, Haina Lu, Dongbin Wei, Kenichi Manabe, Xianming Zhao, Xiaoming Zhang, Di Wu Jan 2017

Influences Of Temperature And Grain Size On The Material Deformability In Microforming Process, Zhengyi Jiang, Jingwei Zhao, Haina Lu, Dongbin Wei, Kenichi Manabe, Xianming Zhao, Xiaoming Zhang, Di Wu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper investigated the influences of temperature and grain size on the deformability of pure copper in micro compression process. Based on the dislocation theory, a constitutive model was proposed taking into account the influences of forming temperature, Hall-Petch relationship and surface layer model. Vacuum heat treatment was employed to obtain various grain sizes of cylindrical workpieces, and then laser heating method was applied to heat workpieces during microforming process. Finite element (FE) simulation was also performed, with simulated values agreed well with the experimental results in terms of metal flow stress. Both the FE simulated and experimental results indicate ...


Nonlinear Analysis Of Circular High Strength Concrete-Filled Stainless Steel Tubular Slender Beam-Columns, Vipulkumar I. Patel, Qing Quan Liang, Muhammad N. S Hadi Jan 2017

Nonlinear Analysis Of Circular High Strength Concrete-Filled Stainless Steel Tubular Slender Beam-Columns, Vipulkumar I. Patel, Qing Quan Liang, Muhammad N. S Hadi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Concrete-filled stainless steel tubular (CFSST) slender columns are increasingly used in composite structures owing to their distinguished features, such as aesthetic appearance, high corrosion resistance, high durability and ease of maintenance. Currently, however, there is a lack of an accurate and efficient numerical model that can be utilized to determine the performance of circular CFSST slender columns. This paper describes a nonlinear fiber-based model proposed for computing the deflection and axial load-moment strength interaction responses of eccentrically loaded circular high-strength CFSST slender columns. The fiber-based model incorporates the accurate three-stage stress-strain relations of stainless steels, accounting for different strain hardening ...


Low Voltage Ride-Through Enhancement Of Dfig-Based Wind Turbine Using Dc Link Switchable Resistive Type Fault Current Limiter, Seyed Behzad Naderi, Michael Negnevitsky, Amin Jalilian, Mehrdad Tarafdar Hagh, Kashem M. Muttaqi Jan 2017

Low Voltage Ride-Through Enhancement Of Dfig-Based Wind Turbine Using Dc Link Switchable Resistive Type Fault Current Limiter, Seyed Behzad Naderi, Michael Negnevitsky, Amin Jalilian, Mehrdad Tarafdar Hagh, Kashem M. Muttaqi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG)-based wind turbines utilise small-scale voltage sourced converters with a limited overcurrent withstand capability, which makes the DFIG-based wind turbines very vulnerable to grid faults. Often, modern DFIG systems employ a crowbar protection at the rotor circuit to protect the rotor side converter (RSC) during grid faults. This method converts the DFIG to a squirrel cage induction generator, which does not comply with the new grid codes. The recent grid codes need wind turbines to stay connected to the utility grid during and after power system faults, especially in high penetration level of wind power. Furthermore ...


Development Of A Dynamic Model For A Hybrid Photovoltaic Thermal Collector - Solar Air Heater With Fins, Wenke Fan, Georgios Kokogiannakis, Zhenjun Ma, Paul Cooper Jan 2017

Development Of A Dynamic Model For A Hybrid Photovoltaic Thermal Collector - Solar Air Heater With Fins, Wenke Fan, Georgios Kokogiannakis, Zhenjun Ma, Paul Cooper

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A dynamic model for a hybrid Photovoltaic Thermal Collector-Solar Air Heater (PVT-SAH) with longitudinal fins was developed to enable assessment of the potential of the system to provide high temperature outlet air (60-90 °C) under dynamic boundary conditions. The model description includes the method for discretising the system into a number of control volumes, the energy balance equations for each control volume and the implementation of the numerical solution. Model validation has been successfully undertaken by using empirical verification of model predictions with an experimental facility and by comparing the model outputs with the reference data from the literature. The ...


Application Of Fractional Calculus In Modelling Ballast Deformation Under Cyclic Loading, Yifei Sun, Buddhima Indraratna, John Philip Carter, Timothy R. Marchant, Sanjay Nimbalkar Jan 2017

Application Of Fractional Calculus In Modelling Ballast Deformation Under Cyclic Loading, Yifei Sun, Buddhima Indraratna, John Philip Carter, Timothy R. Marchant, Sanjay Nimbalkar

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Most constitutive models can only simulate cumulative deformation after a limited number of cycles. However, railroad ballast usually experiences a large number of train passages that cause history-dependent long-term deformation. Fractional calculus is an efficient tool for modelling this phenomenon and therefore is incorporated into a constitutive model for predicting the cumulative deformation. The proposed model is further validated by comparing the model predictions with a series of corresponding experimental results. It is observed that the proposed model can realistically simulate the cumulative deformation of ballast from the onset of loading up to a large number of load cycles.


Osmotic Versus Conventional Membrane Bioreactors Integrated With Reverse Osmosis For Water Reuse: Biological Stability, Membrane Fouling, And Contaminant Removal, Wenhai Luo, Hop Phan, Ming Xie, Faisal I. Hai, William E. Price, Menachem Elimelech, Long D. Nghiem Jan 2017

Osmotic Versus Conventional Membrane Bioreactors Integrated With Reverse Osmosis For Water Reuse: Biological Stability, Membrane Fouling, And Contaminant Removal, Wenhai Luo, Hop Phan, Ming Xie, Faisal I. Hai, William E. Price, Menachem Elimelech, Long D. Nghiem

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This study systematically compares the performance of osmotic membrane bioreactor - reverse osmosis (OMBR-RO) and conventional membrane bioreactor - reverse osmosis (MBR-RO) for advanced wastewater treatment and water reuse. Both systems achieved effective removal of bulk organic matter and nutrients, and almost complete removal of all 31 trace organic contaminants investigated. They both could produce high quality water suitable for recycling applications. During OMBR-RO operation, salinity build-up in the bioreactor reduced the water flux and negatively impacted the system biological treatment by altering biomass characteristics and microbial community structure. In addition, the elevated salinity also increased soluble microbial products and extracellular polymeric ...


Holistic Sludge Management Through Ozonation: A Critical Review, Galilee U. Semblante, Faisal I. Hai, Dionysios D. Dionysiou, Kensuke Fukushi, William E. Price, Long D. Nghiem Jan 2017

Holistic Sludge Management Through Ozonation: A Critical Review, Galilee U. Semblante, Faisal I. Hai, Dionysios D. Dionysiou, Kensuke Fukushi, William E. Price, Long D. Nghiem

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper critically reviews the multidimensional benefits of ozonation in wastewater treatment plants. These benefits include sludge reduction, removal of emerging trace organic contaminants (TrOC) from wastewater and sludge, and resource recovery from sludge. Literature shows that ozonation leads to sludge solubilisation, reducing overall biomass yield. Sludge solubilisation is primarily influenced by ozone dosage, which, in turn, depends on the fraction of ozonated sludge, ozone concentration, and sludge concentration. Additionally, sludge ozonation facilitates the removal of TrOCs from wastewater. On the other hand, by inducing cell lysis, ozonation increases the chemical oxygen demand (COD) and nutrient concentration of the sludge ...


Experimental Investigation And Simplified Modeling Of Response Of Steel Plates Subjected To Close-In Blast Loading From Spherical Liquid Explosive Charges, Alex M. Remennikov, Tuan D. Ngo, Damith Mohotti, Brian Uy, Michael Netherton Jan 2017

Experimental Investigation And Simplified Modeling Of Response Of Steel Plates Subjected To Close-In Blast Loading From Spherical Liquid Explosive Charges, Alex M. Remennikov, Tuan D. Ngo, Damith Mohotti, Brian Uy, Michael Netherton

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Detonations of nitromethane spherical charges have been carried out to study close-in blast loading of steel plates and the effectiveness of several protective solutions. Three types of bare steel plates, namely mild steel, high-strength steel, and stainless steel were subjected to explosive blast loading. Steel plates of the same type with polyurea coating and composite covers were also subjected to localized blast loading. During an explosive field trial, the blast pressures and displacements of steel plates were measured. Additionally, loading of steel plates by the impinging detonation products was captured by high-speed video recordings. This experimental program has produced results ...


Flexural Behaviour Of Gfrp Reinforced High Strength And Ultra High Strength Concrete Beams, Matthew Goldston, Alex M. Remennikov, M Neaz Sheikh Jan 2017

Flexural Behaviour Of Gfrp Reinforced High Strength And Ultra High Strength Concrete Beams, Matthew Goldston, Alex M. Remennikov, M Neaz Sheikh

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

FRP bars are considered alternatives to steel bars for reinforcing concrete structures in harsh environments. FRP bars are non-corrosive, light weight, non-magnetic and have high longitudinal strength and low thermal and electric conductivity. This paper experimentally investigated the flexural behaviour of high strength concrete (HSC) and ultra-high strength concrete (UHSC) beams reinforced with glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) bars that has not been addressed in the literature before. Beams of 2400 mm long, 100 mm wide and 150 mm high were tested under quasi-static loading (three point loading). Influence of reinforcement ratio and compressive strength of concrete (HSC and UHSC ...


Using Contrastive Divergence To Seed Monte Carlo Mle For Exponential-Family Random Graph Models, Pavel N. Krivitsky Jan 2017

Using Contrastive Divergence To Seed Monte Carlo Mle For Exponential-Family Random Graph Models, Pavel N. Krivitsky

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Exponential-family models for dependent data have applications in a wide variety of areas, but the dependence often results in an intractable likelihood, requiring either analytic approximation or MCMC-based techniques to fit, the latter requiring an initial parameter configuration to seed their simulations. A poor initial configuration can lead to slow convergence or outright failure. The approximate techniques that could be used to find them tend not to be as general as the simulation-based and require implementation separate from that of the MLE-finding algorithm. Contrastive divergence is a more recent simulation-based approximation technique that uses a series of abridged MCMC runs ...


Vibration-Induced Aerodynamic Loads On Large Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine Blades, Xiong Liu, Cheng Lu, Shi Liang, Ajit R. Godbole, Yan Chen Jan 2017

Vibration-Induced Aerodynamic Loads On Large Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine Blades, Xiong Liu, Cheng Lu, Shi Liang, Ajit R. Godbole, Yan Chen

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The blades of a large Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine (HAWT) are subjected to significant vibrations during operation. The vibrations affect the dynamic flow field around the blade and consequently alter the aerodynamic forces on the blade. In order to better understand the influence of blade vibrations on the aerodynamic loads, the dynamic stall characteristics of an S809 airfoil undergoing translational motion as well as pitching motion were investigated using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) techniques. Simulation results indicated that both the out-of-plane and in-plane translational motions of the airfoil affect the unsteady aerodynamic forces significantly. In order to investigate the effects ...


Factors Governing Mass Transfer During Membrane Electrodialysis Regeneration Of Licl Solution For Liquid Desiccant Dehumidification Systems, Ali Hussein Al-Jubainawi, Zhenjun Ma, Yi Guo, Long D. Nghiem, Paul Cooper, Weihua Li Jan 2017

Factors Governing Mass Transfer During Membrane Electrodialysis Regeneration Of Licl Solution For Liquid Desiccant Dehumidification Systems, Ali Hussein Al-Jubainawi, Zhenjun Ma, Yi Guo, Long D. Nghiem, Paul Cooper, Weihua Li

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This study investigates the mass transfer mechanisms and the performance of membrane electrodialysis (ED) for regenerating lithium chloride (LiCl) solution commonly used in liquid desiccant dehumidification systems. Experiments were conducted using an ED experimental system while numerical simulation was performed using COMSOL Multiphysics. The results showed that the water flux transfer due to osmosis and electro-osmosis during ED regeneration of LiCl liquid desiccant was significant and could not be ignored. The water flux due to osmosis and electro-osmosis is directly associated with the osmotic gradient and the applied current between the cathode and anode, respectively. The average flux of water ...


Micromechanics-Based Investigation Of Fouled Ballast Using Large-Scale Triaxial Tests And Discrete Element Modeling, Ngoc Trung Ngo, Buddhima Indraratna, Cholachat Rujikiatkamjorn Jan 2017

Micromechanics-Based Investigation Of Fouled Ballast Using Large-Scale Triaxial Tests And Discrete Element Modeling, Ngoc Trung Ngo, Buddhima Indraratna, Cholachat Rujikiatkamjorn

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Railway ballast comprises unbounded discrete grains that are often used to form a load-bearing platform for tracks. Ballast degradation as trains pass over the tracks and infiltration of external fines including slurried (pumped) fine subgrade soils are two of the main reasons for ballast fouling. Fouling causes tracks to settle and also reduces the load-bearing capacity, which is associated with a reduction in internal friction and increased lateral spreading of the ballast layer. This paper presents a study of mobilized friction angle, volumetric behavior, and associated evolutions of contact and fabric anisotropy of fouled ballast subjected to monotonic triaxial loading ...


Thin-Film Composite Forward Osmosis Membranes Functionalized With Graphene Oxide-Silver Nanocomposites For Biofouling Control, Andreia Faria, Caihong Liu, Ming Xie, Francois Perreault, Long D. Nghiem, Jun Ma, Menachem Elimelech Jan 2017

Thin-Film Composite Forward Osmosis Membranes Functionalized With Graphene Oxide-Silver Nanocomposites For Biofouling Control, Andreia Faria, Caihong Liu, Ming Xie, Francois Perreault, Long D. Nghiem, Jun Ma, Menachem Elimelech

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Innovative approaches to prevent bacterial attachment and biofilm growth on membranes are critically needed to avoid decreasing membrane performance due to biofouling. In this study, we propose the fabrication of anti-biofouling thin-film composite membranes functionalized with graphene oxide-silver nanocomposites. In our membrane modification strategy, carboxyl groups on the graphene oxide-silver nanosheets are covalently bonded to carboxyl groups on the surface of thin-film composite membranes via a crosslinking reaction. Further characterization, such as scanning electron microscopy and Raman spectroscopy, revealed the immobilization of graphene oxide-silver nanocomposites on the membrane surface. Graphene oxide-silver modified membranes exhibited an 80% inactivation rate against attached ...


Liquid Desiccant Lithium Chloride Regeneration By Membrane Distillation For Air Conditioning, Hung Duong, Faisal I. Hai, Ali Aljubainawi, Zhenjun Ma, Tao He, Long D. Nghiem Jan 2017

Liquid Desiccant Lithium Chloride Regeneration By Membrane Distillation For Air Conditioning, Hung Duong, Faisal I. Hai, Ali Aljubainawi, Zhenjun Ma, Tao He, Long D. Nghiem

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Liquid desiccant air conditioning (LDAC) has emerged as an attractive technology for improving indoor air quality and thermal comfort. Regeneration of liquid desiccants is critical to sustain the process efficiency of LDAC. This study explores membrane distillation (MD) for regeneration of lithium chloride (LiCl) desiccant solution commonly used in LDAC. The results demonstrate the viability of MD for LiCl regeneration. The MD process at the feed temperature of 65 °C could increase the LiCl concentration up to 29 wt.% without any observable LiCl loss. Given the high concentration of the LiCl solution feed, unlike traditional desalination applications, the impact of ...


Performance Evaluation Of High Strength Concrete And Steel Fibre High Strength Concrete Columns Reinforced With Gfrp Bars And Helices, Hayder Alaa Hasan, M Neaz Sheikh, Muhammad N. S Hadi Jan 2017

Performance Evaluation Of High Strength Concrete And Steel Fibre High Strength Concrete Columns Reinforced With Gfrp Bars And Helices, Hayder Alaa Hasan, M Neaz Sheikh, Muhammad N. S Hadi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This study presents the results of an experimental investigation on high strength concrete (HSC) and steel fibre high strength concrete (SFHSC) circular column specimens reinforced longitudinally and transversely with Glass Fibre-Reinforced Polymer (GFRP) bars and helices, respectively. The Influence of the type of the reinforcement (steel and GFRP), the pitch of the transverse reinforcement, the addition of the steel fibres and the loading condition (concentric, eccentric and four-point loading) on the performance of the specimens was investigated. The study showed that the GFRP bar reinforced HSC (GFRP-HSC) specimen is as efficient as the steel bar reinforced HSC (steel-HSC) specimen in ...


Axial Load-Bending Moment Diagrams Of Gfrp Reinforced Columns And Gfrp Encased Square Columns, Jim Youssef, Muhammad N. S Hadi Jan 2017

Axial Load-Bending Moment Diagrams Of Gfrp Reinforced Columns And Gfrp Encased Square Columns, Jim Youssef, Muhammad N. S Hadi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) pultruded materials are available in a wide variety of shapes, including bars, I-sections, C-sections and other structural sections. Due to their high durability, low self-weight and reduced maintenance costs, these FRP materials are becoming a competitive option for replacing steel as structural materials especially in corrosive environments. This paper summarizes an experimental program on the axial and flexural behaviour of square concrete members reinforced with glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) bars and embedded with pultruded GFRP structural sections under different loading conditions. Furthermore, an analytical model is presented to predict the axial load-bending moment interaction diagrams ...


A 3d Lateral Electrode Structure For Diamond Based Microdosimetry, Jeremy A. Davis, Kumaravelu Ganesan, Dale A. Prokopovich, Marco Petasecca, Michael L. F Lerch, David Jamieson, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld Jan 2017

A 3d Lateral Electrode Structure For Diamond Based Microdosimetry, Jeremy A. Davis, Kumaravelu Ganesan, Dale A. Prokopovich, Marco Petasecca, Michael L. F Lerch, David Jamieson, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A diamond based microdosimeter prototype featuring a 3D lateral electrode structure was created using laser ablation and active brazing alloys and characterised by means of ion beam induced charge collection measurements and finite element analysis, using Synopsys TCAD simulation package.


Development Of Microencapsulated Phase Change Material For Solar Thermal Energy Storage, Weiguang Su, Jo Darkwa, Georgios Kokogiannakis Jan 2017

Development Of Microencapsulated Phase Change Material For Solar Thermal Energy Storage, Weiguang Su, Jo Darkwa, Georgios Kokogiannakis

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In this paper a novel microencapsulated phase change material (MF-3) has been developed and tested for solar assisted hot water storage systems. Even though the morphology of the sample was affected by the type of emulsifier used for fabrication it recorded the highest energy storage capacity of 126 kJ/kg with encapsulation efficiency of 97.4% as compared with other developed samples. For the purpose of assessing its thermal effectiveness it was theoretically evaluated in a compacted fixed bed TES unit and found to be capable of achieving a higher energy storage density as well as relatively smaller physical storage ...


Hybrid Model Predictive Control Of A Residential Hvac System With On-Site Thermal Energy Generation And Storage, Massimo Fiorentini, Josh Wall, Zhenjun Ma, Julio H. Braslavsky, Paul Cooper Jan 2017

Hybrid Model Predictive Control Of A Residential Hvac System With On-Site Thermal Energy Generation And Storage, Massimo Fiorentini, Josh Wall, Zhenjun Ma, Julio H. Braslavsky, Paul Cooper

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper describes the development, implementation and experimental investigation of a Hybrid Model Predictive Control (HMPC) strategy to control solar-assisted heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems with on-site thermal energy generation and storage. A comprehensive approach to the thermal energy management of a residential building is presented to optimise the scheduling of the available thermal energy resources to meet a comfort objective. The system has a hybrid nature with both continuous variables and discrete, logic-driven operating modes. The proposed control strategy is organized in two hierarchical levels. At the high-level, an HMPC controller with a 24-h prediction horizon and a ...


Displaced Hardness Peak Phenomenon In Heat-Affected Zone Of Welded Quenched And Tempered Em812 Steel, Druce P. Dunne, W Pang Jan 2017

Displaced Hardness Peak Phenomenon In Heat-Affected Zone Of Welded Quenched And Tempered Em812 Steel, Druce P. Dunne, W Pang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Investigations of microstructural and hardness gradients in the heat-affected zone (HAZ) of quenched and tempered (Q&T) steels have indicated that peak hardness does not occur in the grain-coarsened heat-affected zone (GCHAZ) adjacent to the fusion boundary, which is typical of ferritic steels, but corresponds more closely to the grain-refined region (GRHAZ). This phenomenon, the displaced hardness peak (DHP) effect, is considered to arise when the hardenability of the steel is high enough to result in the same microstructure in the GC and GR heat-affected zones, except for significant refinement of the microstructure of the GRHAZ, which increases the hardness ...


Effects Of Fabrication Technique On Tensile Properties Of Fiber Reinforced Polymer, Thong M. Pham, Muhammad N. S Hadi, Jim Youssef Jan 2017

Effects Of Fabrication Technique On Tensile Properties Of Fiber Reinforced Polymer, Thong M. Pham, Muhammad N. S Hadi, Jim Youssef

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This study investigated the effects of fabrication technique on the tensile properties of fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) flat coupon tests. A total of 20 FRP flat coupons were prepared by two different techniques, which were tested in tension until failure. The first technique of preparing the FRP coupons was based on the recommendation of ASTM D7565/D7565M-10, named the “Cutting Technique,” while the second technique, named the “Folding Technique,” was proposed by this study. Experimental results from this study indicated that preparing FRP coupons using the Cutting Technique resulted in a reduction in the tensile properties as compared to coupons ...


Simulation Ballasted Track Behavior: Numerical Treatment And Field Application, Ngoc Trung Ngo, Buddhima Indraratna, Cholachat Rujikiatkamjorn Jan 2017

Simulation Ballasted Track Behavior: Numerical Treatment And Field Application, Ngoc Trung Ngo, Buddhima Indraratna, Cholachat Rujikiatkamjorn

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The load deformation of ballasted rail tracks subjected to cyclic loading is investigated experimentally using a large-scale track process simulation apparatus and numerically through a combined discrete element-finite-difference approach. Laboratory tests were performed to examine the deformation and degradation of ballast subjected to cyclic loading at 15 Hz and a lateral confinement of 10 kPa 10 kPa. The laboratory results reveal that ballast undergoes significant deformation during the initial load cycles, followed by gradually increasing deformation attaining a steady value toward the end of testing. A numerical model based on a combined discrete element method (DEM) and finite-difference method (FDM ...