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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Australian Media's Use Of Facebook Postings To Report Events Of National Interest, Marissa Dickins, Samantha L. Thomas, Kate Holland Jan 2010

Australian Media's Use Of Facebook Postings To Report Events Of National Interest, Marissa Dickins, Samantha L. Thomas, Kate Holland

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Online social networking sites such as Facebook have grown exponentially in recent times, yet little research has examined how the mainstream news media use the information available on these sites. This study explores how the Australian media used the social networking site Facebook in reporting three different news events: the disappearance of Australian backpacker Britt Lapthorne; the death of 4-year-old Darcey Freeman; and the devastating 'Black Saturday' Victorian bushfires. Sixty-four articles from Australian newspapers were identified pertaining to these three case studies within a seven month period from August 2008 to February 2009. An inductive thematic approach was used to ...


Effectiveness Of Home Program Intervention For Children With Cerebral Palsy: A Double-Blind Randomised Controlled Trial, Iona Novak, Anne Cusick, Natasha Lannin Jan 2010

Effectiveness Of Home Program Intervention For Children With Cerebral Palsy: A Double-Blind Randomised Controlled Trial, Iona Novak, Anne Cusick, Natasha Lannin

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Abstract presented at the 5th Biennial Conference of the Australasian Academy of Cerebral Palsy & Developmental Medicine, 3-6 March 2010, Christchurch, New Zealand


Parent Experience Of Implementing Home Programs: Semi-Structured Interviews, Iona Novak, Anne Cusick, Natasha Lannin Jan 2010

Parent Experience Of Implementing Home Programs: Semi-Structured Interviews, Iona Novak, Anne Cusick, Natasha Lannin

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Abstract presented at the 5th Biennial Conference of the Australasian Academy of Cerebral Palsy & Developmental Medicine, 3-6 March 2010, Christchurch, New Zealand


The 2007-09 Financial Crisis: Narrating And Politicising A Calamity, Noel Castree Jan 2010

The 2007-09 Financial Crisis: Narrating And Politicising A Calamity, Noel Castree

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The events triggered by defaults on 'sub-prime' mortgages have been widely described as constituting a 'crisis'. But a crisis of what exactly? Several different explanations of the 20 month drama that unfolded from summer 2007 have been proposed by a wide range of commentators. These include journalists, academics, politicians, business-people, pundits and public administrators, among others. This essay parses this superfluity of crisis talk into five principal accounts. It focuses on the Anglo-American scene. The interpretations presented range from the simplistic and populist to the complex and specialised. They are compared and contrasted, and in each case their diverse normative ...


How We Make Knowledge About Climate Change, Noel Castree Jan 2010

How We Make Knowledge About Climate Change, Noel Castree

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Book review - A VAST MACHINE: Computer Models, Climate Data, and the Politics of Global Warming. Paul N. Edwards. xxviii + 518 pp. The MIT Press, 2010. $32.95.


Enacting Internal Coherence: As A Path To Quality In Qualitative Inquiry, Stacy M. Carter Jan 2010

Enacting Internal Coherence: As A Path To Quality In Qualitative Inquiry, Stacy M. Carter

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

In this chapter, I am going to make an argument about how to judge quality and do quality in qualitative research, I'm a little trepidatious taking this on: it's an old subject and many great authors have written on it elegantly (just a few examples: Angen, 2000; Barbour, 2001; Flick, 2007; Mason, 2002; Seale, 1999). People come to blows over the quality of qualitative research, perhaps because it goes to the question of whether it's worth doing research at all. Questions about quality are a big deal.


Including The Public In Pandemic Planning: A Deliberative Approach, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer, Jackie M. Street, Wendy Rogers, Rodney Givney, John R. Moss, Janet E. Hiller Jan 2010

Including The Public In Pandemic Planning: A Deliberative Approach, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer, Jackie M. Street, Wendy Rogers, Rodney Givney, John R. Moss, Janet E. Hiller

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background Against a background of pandemic threat posed by SARS and avian H5N1 influenza, this study used deliberative forums to elucidate informed community perspectives on aspects of pandemic planning. Methods Two deliberative forums were carried out with members of the South Australian community. The forums were supported by a qualitative study with adults and youths, systematic reviews of the literature and the involvement of an extended group of academic experts and policy makers. The forum discussions were recorded with simultaneous transcription and analysed thematically. Results Participants allocated scarce resources of antiviral drugs and pandemic vaccine based on a desire to ...


Impact Of The Home Learning Environment On Child Cognitive Development: Secondary Analysis Of Data From 'Growing Up In Scotland', Edward Melhuish Jan 2010

Impact Of The Home Learning Environment On Child Cognitive Development: Secondary Analysis Of Data From 'Growing Up In Scotland', Edward Melhuish

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This study aims to investigate whether interview-based measures of children’s activities are associated with cognitive ability at age 34 months, and whether they have independent effects once socio-demographic factors have been taken into account.


Influence Of Muscle Fitness Test Performance On Metabolic Risk Factors Among Adolescent Girls, Jorge Mota, Susana Vale, Clarice Martins, Anelise Gaya, Carla Moreira, Rute Santos, Jose Ribeiro Jan 2010

Influence Of Muscle Fitness Test Performance On Metabolic Risk Factors Among Adolescent Girls, Jorge Mota, Susana Vale, Clarice Martins, Anelise Gaya, Carla Moreira, Rute Santos, Jose Ribeiro

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background The purpose of this study was to examine the association between muscular fitness (MF), assessed by 2 components of Fitnessgram test battery, the Curl-Up and Push-Ups tests and the metabolic risk score among adolescent girls. Methods A total of 229 girls (aged 12-15 years old) comprised the sample of this study. Anthropometric data (height, body mass, waist circumference) were collected. Body mass index (BMI) was also calculated. Muscular strength was assessed taking into account the tests that comprised the FITNESSGRAM test battery, i.e. the curl-up and the push-up. Participants were then categorized in one of 3 categories according ...


The Relationship Of Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Birth Weight And Parental Bmi On Adolescents Obesity Status, Susana Vale, Rute Santos, Luisa Soares-Miranda, Jorge Mota Jan 2010

The Relationship Of Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Birth Weight And Parental Bmi On Adolescents Obesity Status, Susana Vale, Rute Santos, Luisa Soares-Miranda, Jorge Mota

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background/Objectives:

The aims of this study were as follows: (1) to analyze differences in cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), parents’ body mass index (BMI) and birth weight (BW) between non-overweight (NOW) and overweight/obese (OV/OB) adolescents, and (2) to investigate the association of those variables with the risk of their biological offspring being OV/OB.

Subjects/Methods:

This study comprised 788 adolescents (477 girls and 311 boys), aged between 12 and 18 years. CRF was predicted by maximal multistage 20-m shuttle-run test according to the procedures described in FITNESSGRAM. Children's BMI was classified according to the International Obesity Task ...


Sitting Time And Body Mass Index, In A Portuguese Sample Of Men: Results From The Azorean Physical Activity And Health Study (Apahs), Rute Santos, Luisa Soares-Miranda, Susana Vale, Carla Moreira, Ana I. Marques, Jorge Mota Jan 2010

Sitting Time And Body Mass Index, In A Portuguese Sample Of Men: Results From The Azorean Physical Activity And Health Study (Apahs), Rute Santos, Luisa Soares-Miranda, Susana Vale, Carla Moreira, Ana I. Marques, Jorge Mota

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The aim of this study was to verify the relation between body mass index (BMI) and sitting time in a sample of 4,091 Azorean men. BMI was calculated from self-reported weight and height. Total physical activity (PA) time and total sitting time were assessed with the IPAQ (short version). Linear Regression analysis showed that total sitting time (hours/day) was positively associated with BMI (B = 0.078; p < 0.001) after adjustments for age, meal frequency, alcohol and tobacco consumptions, island of residence, education level and total PA time. Although the cross sectional design precludes us from establishing causality, our findings emphasize the importance of reducing sedentary behavior to decrease the risk of obesity.


Characteristics Of The Closest Relationships Between Children With Developmental Disabilities And Peers In Inclusive Settings, Amanda A. Webster, Mark Carter Jan 2010

Characteristics Of The Closest Relationships Between Children With Developmental Disabilities And Peers In Inclusive Settings, Amanda A. Webster, Mark Carter

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Inclusive education has become more common in schools, and children with developmental disabilities have had greater opportunities to interact, and hopefully establish relationships with their typically developing peers. While the quality of friendships between typically developing children has been examined in detail, relatively little comparable data is available on children with developmental disabilities. The current study provided an examination of the characteristics of the closest relationships between children with developmental disabilities and peers in inclusive school settings. Twenty-five children with developmental disabilities aged between approximately 5 and 12 years participated. Using an interview instrument, the relationships of these children with ...


Adaptation Of An Interview-Based Protocol To Examine Close Relationships Between Children With Developmental Disabilities And Peers, Amanda A. Webster, Mark Carter Jan 2010

Adaptation Of An Interview-Based Protocol To Examine Close Relationships Between Children With Developmental Disabilities And Peers, Amanda A. Webster, Mark Carter

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The purpose of this study was to determine whether an interview protocol, based on the Friendship Quality Questionnaire, could be adapted to examine the close relationships of children with developmental disabilities in an inclusive school setting. Twenty-five children with developmental disabilities aged between approximately 5 and 12 years participated and their relationships with 74 peers were examined. Several adaptations to the procedures and interview instrument were evaluated, including gathering interview data from multiple sources and the development of a short form of the interview questionnaire. Overall, the adaptations to procedures used in the current study appeared successful in catering for ...


A Report On A Preliminary Diagnostic For Identifying Thermal Physics Conceptions Of Tertiary Students, Helen Georgiou, Manjula Sharma Jan 2010

A Report On A Preliminary Diagnostic For Identifying Thermal Physics Conceptions Of Tertiary Students, Helen Georgiou, Manjula Sharma

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

A solid understanding of students' conceptions in thermal physics is absolutely necessary for successful development of instruction and for promoting understanding of and enthusiasm for the subject. This study reports on student understanding for a range of thermal topics. The sample included first and second year university students studying physics and the tool was a short, 15 question, concept inventory-like 'Diagnostic Survey' administered at the beginning of first semester 2009 at the University of *****. The results indicate that some thermal physics misconceptions exist for a large proportion of tertiary level students. More specifically, basic concepts, such as heat transfer, appear ...


A 'Crisis', But Of What?, Noel Castree Jan 2010

A 'Crisis', But Of What?, Noel Castree

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The current economic crisis has generated a discussion about its fundemental causes. Five major explanations for the crisis have been put forth by different stakeholders and critics. We analyze each of the five explanations and critically reflect, from a Marxist perspective, upon the vested power interests and political consequences in promoting this or that explanation.


Pre-School Experience And Key Stage 2 Performance In English And Mathematics, Edward Melhuish, Louise Quinn, Kathy Sylva, Pam Sammons, Iram Siraj-Blatchford, Brenda Taggart Jan 2010

Pre-School Experience And Key Stage 2 Performance In English And Mathematics, Edward Melhuish, Louise Quinn, Kathy Sylva, Pam Sammons, Iram Siraj-Blatchford, Brenda Taggart

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This report considers children's educational attainment in English and mathematics at the end of primary school (age 11). Children's educational attainment in English and mathematics was derived from their national Key Stage 2 assessments. The analyses have considered the child's level of Key Stage 2 attainment in terms of the effects of child, family, home environment and preschool experience variables as well as the child's ability at the start of primary school.


The Impact Of Sure Start Local Programmes On 5-Year-Olds And Their Families, Edward Melhuish, Jay Belsky, Alastair H. Leyland, Angela Anning, David Hall, Jane Tunstill, Mog Ball, Pamela Meadows, Jacqueline Barnes, Martin Frost, Mark Hibbett, Andrew Cullis Jan 2010

The Impact Of Sure Start Local Programmes On 5-Year-Olds And Their Families, Edward Melhuish, Jay Belsky, Alastair H. Leyland, Angela Anning, David Hall, Jane Tunstill, Mog Ball, Pamela Meadows, Jacqueline Barnes, Martin Frost, Mark Hibbett, Andrew Cullis

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The ultimate goal of Sure Start Local Programmes (SSLPs) was to enhance the life chances for young children growing up in disadvantaged neighbourhoods. Children in these communities are at risk of doing poorly at school, having trouble with peers and agents of authority (i.e., parents, teachers), and ultimately experiencing compromised life chances (e.g., early school leaving, unemployment, limited longevity). This has profound consequences not just for the children but for their families, communities, and for society at large.


The Quality Of Group Childcare Settings Used By 3-4 Year Old Children In Sure Start Local Programme Areas And The Relationship With Child Outcomes, Edward Melhuish, Jay Belsky, Kristen Macpherson, Andrew Cullis Jan 2010

The Quality Of Group Childcare Settings Used By 3-4 Year Old Children In Sure Start Local Programme Areas And The Relationship With Child Outcomes, Edward Melhuish, Jay Belsky, Kristen Macpherson, Andrew Cullis

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Sure Start Local Programmes (SSLPs), now Sure Start Children's Centres, aim to support young children and their families by integrating early education, childcare, healthcare and family support services in disadvantaged areas. SSLPs aim to improve the health and well-being of families and young children, so that children will have greater oppor tunity to do well in school and later life. This study investigates pre-school group childcare (ch ildminders were not include d) used by children in 150 SSLP areas, and makes comparisons with childcare used by children in England overall. Also the study investigates links between childcare quality and ...


An Exploration Of Evidence-Based Policy In Ireland: Health And Social Inclusion, Patricia Kennedy, Tomas De Brun, Mary O'Reilly-De Brun, Anne Macfarlane Jan 2010

An Exploration Of Evidence-Based Policy In Ireland: Health And Social Inclusion, Patricia Kennedy, Tomas De Brun, Mary O'Reilly-De Brun, Anne Macfarlane

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Ireland is a small country with a history of a social partnership approach to policy making. This paper considers how the ambition of government to utilise an evidence-based approach to policy making plays out against this partnership agenda. Drawing on the authors' experiences and personal reflections, the paper considers how these issues operate within a number of health and social inclusion policy areas, and it explores the role of stakeholders' expectations and involvement in generating evidence for policy.


Beliefs And Beyond: What Can We Learn From Qualitative Studies Of Lay People's Understandings Of Cancer Risk?, Wendy Lipworth, Heather M. Davey, Stacy M. Carter, Claire Hooker, Wendy Hu Jan 2010

Beliefs And Beyond: What Can We Learn From Qualitative Studies Of Lay People's Understandings Of Cancer Risk?, Wendy Lipworth, Heather M. Davey, Stacy M. Carter, Claire Hooker, Wendy Hu

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background  Clinicians and public health professionals are centrally concerned with mediating risk. However, people often resist the risk-related information that is communicated to them by experts, or have their own models of risk that conflict with expert views. Quantitative studies have clearly demonstrated the importance of health beliefs and various cognitive and emotional processes in shaping risk perception. More recently, a growing body of qualitative research has emerged, exploring lay conceptualizations, experiences and constructions of cancer risk. To date, this literature has not been synthesized. Objective  We report the findings of a synthesis of qualitative literature regarding the ways in ...


Supporting Patient Autonomy: The Importance Of Clinician-Patient Relationships, Vikki A. Entwistle, Stacy M. Carter, Alan Cribb, Kirsten Mccaffery Jan 2010

Supporting Patient Autonomy: The Importance Of Clinician-Patient Relationships, Vikki A. Entwistle, Stacy M. Carter, Alan Cribb, Kirsten Mccaffery

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Personal autonomy is widely valued. Recognition of its vulnerability in health care contexts led to the inclusion of respect for autonomy as a key concern in biomedical ethics. The principle of respect for autonomy is usually associated with allowing or enabling patients to make their own decisions about which health care interventions they will or will not receive. In this paper, we suggest that a strong focus on decision situations is problematic, especially when combined with a tendency to stress the importance of patients' independence in choosing. It distracts attention from other important aspects of and challenges to autonomy in ...


Taking The Word 'Out' West: Movie Reception And Gay Spaces, Scott J. Mckinnon Jan 2010

Taking The Word 'Out' West: Movie Reception And Gay Spaces, Scott J. Mckinnon

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This paper explores intersections between film reception and definitions of urban space, particularly the inner-city, gay neighbourhoods of Sydney. The reception in the Australian print media of two American movies is examined in the light of controversies provoked by the geographic location of potential screening venues. Word is Out: Stories of Some of Our Lives (1977) and Brokeback Mountain (2007), each inspired discussion in the Australian media about whether they would or would not (should or should not) be screened in areas outside the inner-city. These discussions reveal a great deal about the role of the movies in the history ...


Beyond Rhetoric In Debates About The Ethics Of Marketing Prescription Medicines To Consumers: The Importance Of Vulnerability In People, Situations And Relationships, Stacy M. Carter, Gabrielle N. Samuel, Ian Kerridge, Richard Day, Rachel A. Ankeny, Christopher F. Jordens, Paul Komesaroff Jan 2010

Beyond Rhetoric In Debates About The Ethics Of Marketing Prescription Medicines To Consumers: The Importance Of Vulnerability In People, Situations And Relationships, Stacy M. Carter, Gabrielle N. Samuel, Ian Kerridge, Richard Day, Rachel A. Ankeny, Christopher F. Jordens, Paul Komesaroff

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This article examines community responses to the marketing of prescription medicines. Historically, debates about such marketing have focused on alleged unscrupulousness of pharmaceutical companies and on the quality of information provided. Six focus groups were conducted in Sydney, Australia, three with older and three with younger community members. Analysis examined interactions between group members, the positions participants took up, conflicting arguments, and explanations for variation. Participants argued specifically rather than generally about consumer marketing of medicines. Neither the moral purpose of corporations nor the quality of information in advertisements was particularly important. Instead, pharmaceutical marketing was assessed in relation to ...


An Ethical Justification For The Chronic Care Model (Ccm), Liviu Oprea, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer, Wendy Rogers, Nigel P. Stocks Jan 2010

An Ethical Justification For The Chronic Care Model (Ccm), Liviu Oprea, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer, Wendy Rogers, Nigel P. Stocks

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background:  Chronic diseases are major causes of morbidity and mortality in developed countries. Their effects can be mitigated by high quality evidence‐based care, but this is not the norm in most systems. The Chronic Care Model (CCM) is an evidence‐based policy response to this practice gap, which uses multiple strategies to promote the quality of chronic care. Objective:  To review CCM with an ethical lens. Methods:  We reviewed the published empirical and non‐empirical articles of CCM to analyse the ethical underpinnings of this model. Results and conclusions:  We argue that its principal ethical value lies in the ...


Young Worker Injury Experience In South Australia 1998-2007, Nasreeb Jahan, Dino Pisaniello, Sasha Stewart, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer, Helen Winefield Jan 2010

Young Worker Injury Experience In South Australia 1998-2007, Nasreeb Jahan, Dino Pisaniello, Sasha Stewart, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer, Helen Winefield

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This special report has been compiled by The University of Adelaide and provides an overview of young worker injury claims experience for a 10-year period. It aims to highlight occupational injury epidemiology and time trends, and will be of interest to public health practitioners dealing with adolescents and young adults.


'More Than A Warm Bed & A Hot Meal' - Holistic Approaches To Youth Homelessness Through Short Term Accommodation, Jioji Ravulo Jan 2010

'More Than A Warm Bed & A Hot Meal' - Holistic Approaches To Youth Homelessness Through Short Term Accommodation, Jioji Ravulo

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Youth homelessness is marred by problems around family breakdowns, mental health concerns, substance use and abuse, and the lack of stable accommodation (Homelessness Taskforce 2008). With noted decreases over the last decade, youth homelessness still remains a contested policy topic, with need to develop a streamlined approach in understanding solutions. An emphasis on early intervention is an increasing part of a commitment to decreasing the idea of young people becoming homeless in the first place. National and State Governments are working hard on developing policy positions that promote a shared responsibility to the problem. Renewed financial commitments are being profiled ...


Is Nasopharyngeal Cancer Really A "Cantonese Cancer"?, Joseph Tien Seng Wee, Tam C. Ha, Susan Loong, Chao-Nan Qian Jan 2010

Is Nasopharyngeal Cancer Really A "Cantonese Cancer"?, Joseph Tien Seng Wee, Tam C. Ha, Susan Loong, Chao-Nan Qian

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) is endemic in Southern China, with Guandong province and Hong Kong reporting some of the highest incidences in the world. The journal Science has called it a "Cantonese cancer". We propose that in fact NPC is a cancer that originated in the Bai Yue ("proto Tai Kadai" or "proto Austronesian" or "proto Zhuang") peoples and was transmitted to the Han Chinese in southern China through intermarriage. However, the work by John Ho raised the profile of NPC, and because of the high incidence of NPC in Hong Kong and Guangzhou, NPC became known as a Cantonese cancer ...


Get Up, Stand Up: West Papua Stands Up For Its Rights: A Rebuttal Of The International Crisis Group Report No. 188, Radicalisation And Dialogue In Papua: West Papuans Unite Against Special Autonomy And For A Referendum On Independence, Jim Elmslie, Camellia B. Webb-Gannon, Peter King Jan 2010

Get Up, Stand Up: West Papua Stands Up For Its Rights: A Rebuttal Of The International Crisis Group Report No. 188, Radicalisation And Dialogue In Papua: West Papuans Unite Against Special Autonomy And For A Referendum On Independence, Jim Elmslie, Camellia B. Webb-Gannon, Peter King

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This report addresses the momentous events that have transpired in West Papua and its diaspora in recent months. A response to the recent International Crisis Group (ICG) report entitled Radicalisation and Dialogue in Papua1 is also necessary as it is being used as justification by the Indonesian government in two serious initiatives currently underway: the prosecution of activist leader Victor Yeimo on charges of 'rebellion' and the unfolding TNI military operations in the highlands of West Papua. One initiative may unjustly deprive a man of his liberty; the other will almost certainly cost the lives and livelihoods of innocent Papuan ...


Influence Of Racism And Context On Ethnic Differences In Adolescent Mental Health Trajectories: The Determinants Of Adolescent Social Well-Being And Health (Dash) Study, Thomas E. Astell-Burt, Maria J. Maynard, Erik Lenguerrand, Seeromanie Harding Jan 2010

Influence Of Racism And Context On Ethnic Differences In Adolescent Mental Health Trajectories: The Determinants Of Adolescent Social Well-Being And Health (Dash) Study, Thomas E. Astell-Burt, Maria J. Maynard, Erik Lenguerrand, Seeromanie Harding

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Abstract presented at the 5th Conference of Epidemiological Longitudinal Studies in Europe (CELSE 2010), 13-15 October 2010, Paphos, Cyprus


Effects Of Lateral Lesions On Medial Activation During Autobiographical Remembering, Steven J. Howard, Jennifer S. Rabin, Donald T. Stuss, R S. Rosenbaum Jan 2010

Effects Of Lateral Lesions On Medial Activation During Autobiographical Remembering, Steven J. Howard, Jennifer S. Rabin, Donald T. Stuss, R S. Rosenbaum

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Abstract presented at The 20th Annual Rotman Research Institute Conference, 22-26 March 2010, Toronto, Canada