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Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Development Of A Nontidal Wetland Inventory And Monitoring Strategy For Virginia – Completion Of Phase Ii (Coastal Plain And Piedmont Physiographic Provinces), Center For Coastal Resources Management, Virginia Institute Of Marine Science Dec 2007

Development Of A Nontidal Wetland Inventory And Monitoring Strategy For Virginia – Completion Of Phase Ii (Coastal Plain And Piedmont Physiographic Provinces), Center For Coastal Resources Management, Virginia Institute Of Marine Science

Reports

No abstract provided.


Performance Of Sills: St. Mary’S City, St. Mary’S River, Maryland, C. Scott Hardaway Jr., W. G. Reay, Jian Shen, Scott Lerberg, Donna A. Milligan, Christine A. Wilcox, Kevin P. O'Brien Dec 2007

Performance Of Sills: St. Mary’S City, St. Mary’S River, Maryland, C. Scott Hardaway Jr., W. G. Reay, Jian Shen, Scott Lerberg, Donna A. Milligan, Christine A. Wilcox, Kevin P. O'Brien

Reports

Living shorelines represent a shoreline management option that combines various erosion control methodologies and/or structures while at the same time restoring or preserving natural shoreline vegetation communities. A common living shoreline design in Chesapeake Bay includes a low offshore rock sill to absorb wave energy with an emergent wetland landward of the sill to enhance erosion control, provide critical habitat, and improve water quality condition. This study is part of a larger, ongoing project to (1) evaluate erosion control effectiveness and the sustainability of offshore sill and fringing marsh design and structure, (2) evaluate ecological services (e.g., habitat ...


Evaluation Of Striped Bass Stocks In Virginia : Monitoring And Tagging Studies, 2004-2008 - Annual Report 1 September 2006 - 31 August 2007, Philip W. Sadler, John M. Hoenig, Robert E. Harris, Rebecca J. Wilk, Lydia M. Goins Nov 2007

Evaluation Of Striped Bass Stocks In Virginia : Monitoring And Tagging Studies, 2004-2008 - Annual Report 1 September 2006 - 31 August 2007, Philip W. Sadler, John M. Hoenig, Robert E. Harris, Rebecca J. Wilk, Lydia M. Goins

Reports

This report presents the results of striped bass (Morone saxatilis) tagging and monitoring activities in Virginia during the period 1 September 2006 through 31 August 2007. It includes an assessment of the biological characteristics of striped bass taken from the 2007 spring spawning run, estimates of annual survival and fishing mortality based on annual spring tagging, and the preliminary results of the fall 2006 study that documents the prevalence of mycobacterial infections of striped bass in Chesapeake Bay. The information contained in this report is required by the Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission and is used to implement a coordinated ...


Tidal Flushing Characteristics In Virginia’S Tidal Embayments, Center For Coastal Resources Management, Virginia Institute Of Marine Science, Julie Herman, Jian Shen, Jie Huang Nov 2007

Tidal Flushing Characteristics In Virginia’S Tidal Embayments, Center For Coastal Resources Management, Virginia Institute Of Marine Science, Julie Herman, Jian Shen, Jie Huang

Reports

This project evaluated water bodies in the Virginia coastal zone using several water quality models to calculate residence times. Results were grouped into tidal flushing categories (quickly, intermediately, and slowly flushed) that reflect a relative time frame in which a water body is flushed.


Coastal Maritime Forests In Virginia – Delineation And Distribution, Marcia Berman, Harry Berquist Nov 2007

Coastal Maritime Forests In Virginia – Delineation And Distribution, Marcia Berman, Harry Berquist

Reports

This project had two major goals. The first builds on an earlier effort by the Virginia Department of Forestry, who delineated maritime forests using remote sensing techniques. Their project integrated land use and soils data to generate a map that defines potential boundaries of maritime forest. This study follows an identical approach with two major exceptions. The first is the soils data used in this study is mapped at a much finer scale. The second is this study has a field validation component that reviewed random sites around selected locations to ground-truth the remote sensing output. The Virginia Department of ...


The Coastal Primary Sand Dune And Beach Act, Lyle M. Varnell, C. Scott Hardaway Jr. Sep 2007

The Coastal Primary Sand Dune And Beach Act, Lyle M. Varnell, C. Scott Hardaway Jr.

Reports

This document presents the supporting information and justification for the following recommendations: • Adding Middlesex County and Westmoreland County to the list of localities authorized to adopt the model ordinance of the Coastal Primary Sand Dune and Beach Act (Title 28.2, Chapter 14 of the Virginia Code) would result in the inclusion of significant dune resources into Virginia’s tidal shoreline management program. • Adding the localities of Charles City, Essex, Gloucester, Isle of Wight, James City, King and Queen, King George, Middlesex, New Kent, Newport News, Prince George, Richmond (county), Stafford, Surry, Westmoreland, and York to the list of localities ...


Shallow Water Fish Communities And Coastal Development Stressors In The Lynnhaven River, Donna M. Bilkovic, David Stanhope, Kory Angstadt Aug 2007

Shallow Water Fish Communities And Coastal Development Stressors In The Lynnhaven River, Donna M. Bilkovic, David Stanhope, Kory Angstadt

Reports

Coastal development pressures in the Mid-Atlantic have been attributed to significant negative impacts to aquatic ecosystems. The Lynnhaven River watershed, located in the southernmost extent of the Chesapeake Bay and encompassing Virginia Beach, is an example of a shallow-water tidal system under intense development pressure that is confronted with multiple and often conflicting coastal management issues. Rapid development in and around the City of Virginia Beach over the past few decades has led to the loss of natural buffers and habitat (e.g. oyster, wetlands and seagrasses), increased sedimentation, and degraded water quality. The Lynnhaven Ecosystem Restoration Project, led by ...


Lynnhaven River Virginia Beach, Virginia Shoreline Inventory Report, Marcia Berman, Harry Berquist, Sharon Killeen, Karinna Nunez, Tamia Rudnicky, Daniel E. Schatt, Karen Reay, David Weiss Aug 2007

Lynnhaven River Virginia Beach, Virginia Shoreline Inventory Report, Marcia Berman, Harry Berquist, Sharon Killeen, Karinna Nunez, Tamia Rudnicky, Daniel E. Schatt, Karen Reay, David Weiss

Reports

The data contained within the Shoreline Inventory is based on a three-tiered shoreline assessment approach. The assessment characterizes conditions that are observed from a small boat navigating along the shoreline. Hand-held GPS units are used to log features. The three tiered shoreline assessment approach reports conditions in three regions: 1) the immediate riparian zone, evaluated for land use; 2) the bank, evaluated for height, stability, cover and natural protection; and 3) the shoreline, describing the presence of shoreline structures for shore protection and recreational purposes. Three GIS coverages are generated. The lynn_lubc coverage contains features related to the land use ...


The Stability Of Living Shorelines - An Evaluation, Center For Coastal Resources Management, Virginia Institute Of Marine Science, Marcia Berman, Harry Berquist, Julie Herman, Karinna Nunez Jun 2007

The Stability Of Living Shorelines - An Evaluation, Center For Coastal Resources Management, Virginia Institute Of Marine Science, Marcia Berman, Harry Berquist, Julie Herman, Karinna Nunez

Reports

This project set out to strengthen arguments that living shorelines were a viable and preferred method of erosion control along much of the Chesapeake Bay shoreline. Using statistical tests and data that describe shoreline and environmental condition along tidal shoreline, the study found that indeed marshes are frequently associated with stable shoreline and therefore recommending living shoreline treatments to manage erosion problems was a reasonable strategy that warranted strong consideration. Additional tests revealed a lower occurrence of marshes when traditional erosion control structures like bulkheads and revetments were present. This confirms these structures can permanently impact the growth of tidal ...


Refinement And Validation Of A Multi-Level Assessment Method For Mid-Atlantic Tidal Wetlands (Epa #Cd-973494-01), Center For Coastal Resources Management, Virginia Institute Of Marine Science Apr 2007

Refinement And Validation Of A Multi-Level Assessment Method For Mid-Atlantic Tidal Wetlands (Epa #Cd-973494-01), Center For Coastal Resources Management, Virginia Institute Of Marine Science

Reports

To monitor the extent and condition of wetland resources across the Mid-Atlantic physiographic region, efforts are currently underway in a number of states, most notably Delaware, Maryland, Pennsylvania and Virginia, to develop and implement wetland assessment models. The purpose of these models is to assess the condition of wetland resources and to track changes in the condition of these systems over time, primarily due to anthropogenically induced stressors surrounding individual wetlandss or the watershed in which they are located.

This project is designed to provide the Virginia Marine Resources Commission (VMRC), Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ), Delaware Department of ...


Sands Of The Chesapeake, C. Scott Hardaway Jr., Donna A. Milligan, Lyle M. Varnell, George R. Thomas Jan 2007

Sands Of The Chesapeake, C. Scott Hardaway Jr., Donna A. Milligan, Lyle M. Varnell, George R. Thomas

Reports

This is a short phamplet outlining the origin, composition, and dune structure of sandy shores of the Chesapeake Bay region.


Westmoreland County, Virginia Shoreline Situation Report, Marcia Berman, Harry Berquist, Carl Hershner, Sharon Killeen, Karinna Nunez, Tamia Rudnicky, Daniel E. Schatt, David Weiss Jan 2007

Westmoreland County, Virginia Shoreline Situation Report, Marcia Berman, Harry Berquist, Carl Hershner, Sharon Killeen, Karinna Nunez, Tamia Rudnicky, Daniel E. Schatt, David Weiss

Reports

No abstract provided.


Elizabeth River Tributyltin Monitoring Program 1999-2006 : A Report To The Virginia Department Of Environmental Quality Tidewater Regional Office, Michael A. Unger Jan 2007

Elizabeth River Tributyltin Monitoring Program 1999-2006 : A Report To The Virginia Department Of Environmental Quality Tidewater Regional Office, Michael A. Unger

Reports

The purpose of this project was to implement a study in 1999/2000 that would document the current levels of tributyltin (TBT) in the Elizabeth River and provide baseline data for future efforts to determine the trend of TBT concentrations found in the Elizabeth River Watershed. Subsequent years of sampling have documented spatial and temporal trends in TBT and are described in this report.


Virginia Game Fish Tagging Program Annual Report 2006, John A. Lucy, C.M. Bain Iii Jan 2007

Virginia Game Fish Tagging Program Annual Report 2006, John A. Lucy, C.M. Bain Iii

Reports

The Virginia Game Fish Tagging Program (VGFTP), initiated in 1995, coordinates tagging and a tag-recapture fish database generated through contributed efforts of a dedicated corps of trained marine anglers. Through 2006, the program’s database includes over 103,000 tagged fish records of tag-released fish and approximately over 10,300 recapture records (Table 4).


Integrated Guidance For Tidal Shorelines, Center For Coastal Resources Management, Virginia Institute Of Marine Science Jan 2007

Integrated Guidance For Tidal Shorelines, Center For Coastal Resources Management, Virginia Institute Of Marine Science

Reports

Tidal shorelines are the site of complex interactions between terrestrial and aquatic systems. These areas have values that far outweigh their relative size in the larger ecosystem. They are exceptionally important habitat for a wide variety of organisms, some living primarily on land, others that live in water, and a few that are found only in the intertidal zone between land and water. Tidal shoreline systems provide important filtration capacity for materials carried in runoff and groundwater. They are uniquely valued by human users of coastal systems. In Virginia, tidal shoreline systems are managed in small segments, rather than as ...


Center For Coastal Resources Management Annual Report 2007, Center For Coastal Resources Management, Virginia Institute Of Marine Science Jan 2007

Center For Coastal Resources Management Annual Report 2007, Center For Coastal Resources Management, Virginia Institute Of Marine Science

Reports

No abstract provided.