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Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

High-Order-Harmonic Generation From Molecular Isomers With Midinfrared Intense Laser Pulses, Anh-Thu Le, R. R. Lucchese, C. D. Lin Aug 2013

High-Order-Harmonic Generation From Molecular Isomers With Midinfrared Intense Laser Pulses, Anh-Thu Le, R. R. Lucchese, C. D. Lin

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We present theoretical calculations of high-order-harmonic generation (HHG) from stereoisomers of 1,2-dichloroethylene (C₂H₂Cl₂) and 2-butene (C₄H₈) based on the quantitative rescattering theory. Our results show that the HHG spectra from these cis and trans isomers with intense midinfrared laser pulses are clearly distinguishable, even when the molecules are randomly oriented, in good agreement with the recent experiments by Wonget al. [Phys. Rev. A 84, 051403(R) (2011)]. We found that the angle-averaged tunneling ionization yields and photoionization cross sections from the cis and trans isomers for both molecules are nearly identical. The origin of the differences in HHG spectra ...


Isomer-Specific Product Detection Of Cn Radical Reactions With Ethene And Propene By Tunable Vuv Photoionization Mass Spectrometry, Adam Trevitt, Fabien Goulay, Giovanni Meloni, David Osborn, Craig Taatjes, Stephen Leone Jul 2013

Isomer-Specific Product Detection Of Cn Radical Reactions With Ethene And Propene By Tunable Vuv Photoionization Mass Spectrometry, Adam Trevitt, Fabien Goulay, Giovanni Meloni, David Osborn, Craig Taatjes, Stephen Leone

Adam Trevitt

No abstract provided.


Branching Fractions Of The Cn + C3h6 Reaction Using Synchrotron Photoionization Mass Spectrometry: Evidence For The 3-Cyanopropene Product, Adam Trevitt, Talitha Selby, Craig Taatjes, Satchin Soorkia, J Savee, D L Osborn, S R Leone Jul 2013

Branching Fractions Of The Cn + C3h6 Reaction Using Synchrotron Photoionization Mass Spectrometry: Evidence For The 3-Cyanopropene Product, Adam Trevitt, Talitha Selby, Craig Taatjes, Satchin Soorkia, J Savee, D L Osborn, S R Leone

Adam Trevitt

The gas-phase CN + propene reaction is investigated using synchrotron photoionization mass spectrometry (SPIMS) over the 9.8 - 11.5 eV photon energy range. Experiments are conducted at room temperature in 4 Torr of He buffer gas. The CN + propene addition reaction produces two distinct product mass channels, C3H3N and C4H5N, corresponding to CH3 and H elimination, respectively. The CH3 and H elimination channels are measured to have branching fractions of 0.59 + 0.15 and 0.41 + 0.10, respectively. The absolute photoionization cross sections between 9.8 and 11.5 eV are measured for the three considered H-elimination coproducts ...


Atmospheric Pressure He-Air Plasma Jet: Breakdown Process And Propagation Phenomenon, Asma Begum, Mounir Laroussi, Mohammad Rasel Pervez Jun 2013

Atmospheric Pressure He-Air Plasma Jet: Breakdown Process And Propagation Phenomenon, Asma Begum, Mounir Laroussi, Mohammad Rasel Pervez

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

In this paper He-discharge (plasma jet/bullet) in atmospheric pressure air and its progression phenomenon has been studied experimentally using ICCD camera, optical emission spectroscopy (OES) and calibrated dielectric probe measurements. The repetitive nanosecond pulse has applied to a plasma pencil to generate discharge in the helium gas channel. The discharge propagation speed was measured from the ICCD images. The axial electric field distribution in the plasma jet is inferred from the optical emission spectroscopic data and from the probe measurement. The correlation between the jet velocities, jet length with the pulse duration is established. It shows that the plasma ...


Photoionization Mass Spectrometry And Photoelectron-Photoion Coincidence (Pepico) Spectroscopy Studies Of Select Biofuel Molecules, Joseph G. Czekner May 2013

Photoionization Mass Spectrometry And Photoelectron-Photoion Coincidence (Pepico) Spectroscopy Studies Of Select Biofuel Molecules, Joseph G. Czekner

Master's Theses

This thesis is the culmination of numerous experiments, performed on two different continents, investigating the spectroscopic and thermodynamic properties of several biofuels and fuel additives. It will start with an introduction about the motivation behind these experiments. The second chapter will outline the experimental details of the apparatus at the Advanced Light Source (ALS) in Berkeley, CA, followed by the Swiss Light Source (SLS) in Villigen, Switzerland. Third, the theoretical concepts and data analysis methods will be discussed in detail.

Chapter 4 will be the start of the newly obtained data. It presents some photoionization mass spectrometry studies on γ-valerolactone ...


Seeing Through A Cloudy Glass: Putting Limits On Planetary Nebulae Abundances Using Photoionization Modeling., Peter R. Sullivan, Ravi Sankrit Jan 2013

Seeing Through A Cloudy Glass: Putting Limits On Planetary Nebulae Abundances Using Photoionization Modeling., Peter R. Sullivan, Ravi Sankrit

STAR (STEM Teacher and Researcher) Presentations

Planetary nebulae (PNe) form around low to intermediate mass stars transitioning from the giant branch to white dwarf phase. The outer layer of the star is ejected during the transition and this gas, ionized by the central star, emits a line-spectrum. This spectrum traces the chemical abundances that were characteristic of the interstellar medium in which the star formed (e.g. oxygen) as well as of the elements created by these progenitor stars (e.g. nitrogen) aiding our understanding of chemical evolution of galaxies. In this project, we use modeling of the emission lines of PNe to determine the accuracy ...